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Encyclopedia > Muslim Bulgarians
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Muslim Bulgarians (also Bulgarian Mohammedans, bul:Българи-мохамедани; local: Pomak, Ahrian, Poganets, Marvak, Poturnak) are descendants of Christian Bulgarians who converted to Islam during the 16th and the 18th century. Jump to: navigation, search Bulgarian is an Indo-European language, a member of the Southern branch of the Slavic languages. ... Jump to: navigation, search Islam â–¶(?) (Arabic: الإسلام al-islām) the submission to God is a monotheistic faith, one of the Abrahamic religions and the worlds second-largest religion. ... (15th century - 16th century - 17th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 16th century was that century which lasted from 1501 to 1600. ... (17th century - 18th century - 19th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 18th century refers to the century that lasted from 1701 through 1800. ...


Muslim Bulgarians live mostly in the Rhodopes – the Smolyan region, the southern part of the Pazardzhik and Kurdzhali districts and the eastern part of the Blagoevgrad district in Southern Bulgaria and the Xanthi and Rhodope provinces in Northeastern Greece. They also live in a group of villages in the Lovech region in Northern Bulgaria. The Rhodopes (also spelled Rodopi) are a mountain range, with over 83% of its area in southern Bulgaria and the remainder in Greece. ... Smolyan region shown within Bulgaria Smolyan is a region in southern Bulgaria. ... Categories: Regions of Bulgaria | Bulgaria geography stubs ... Kurdzhali region shown within Bulgaria Kurdzhali is a region of southern Bulgaria, neighbouring Greece to the south and east. ... Blagoevgrad (Bulgarian Благоевград) is a town in Bulgaria, with a population of about 76,000. ... Xanthi (Greek: Ξάνθη) is a city in northern Greece, in the East Macedonia and Thrace periphery. ... In Greek mythology, Queen Rhodope of Thrace was the wife of Haemus. ... Categories: Regions of Bulgaria | Bulgaria geography stubs ...


Muslim Bulgarians in the Rhodopes speak a variety of archaic Bulgarian dialects. Under the influence of mass media and school education, the dialects have been almost completely unified with standard Bulgarian among Muslim Bulgarians living in Bulgaria. As Greece has tended to regard its Muslim minority as only Turkish-speaking and has allowed only education in Turkish, the Muslim Bulgarian community in Greece has become largely bilingual and the mother tongue of some of its members now is Turkish. The spoken language of those members of the community who have preserved the dialect as their mother tongue has been influenced to a large extent by Turkish and Greek and shows many aberrations from formal Bulgarian. Jump to: navigation, search A Muslim (Arabic: مسلم) is an adherent of Islam. ...


Muslim Bulgarians do not represent a homogenous community in Bulgaria. Those living in the eastern and central parts of the Rhodopes (the districts of Smolyan region and Kurdzhali) tend to be non-practising Muslims and usually have Christian names. A large number of them, especially those living in the municipalities of Zlatograd, Nedelino, Krumovgrad, and Kirkovo, converted to Christianity in the 1990s. The ones living in Pirin and on the western fringes of the Rhodopes (in the districts of Pazardzhik and Blagoevgrad) are, however, strongly religious and have preserved the Muslim name system, customs and clothing. Whereas the majority of the community has identified itself as Bulgarian in the population censuses in 1992 and 2001, a certain minority in the Western Rhodopes has opted for Turkish ethnicity although its mother tongue is also Bulgarian. The name ‘Pomak’ is strongly pejorative in Bulgarian and is resented by most members of the community, especially by non-practising Muslims. The name adopted and used instead is Bulgarian Mohammedans (Muslim Bulgarians). The Rhodopes (also spelled Rodopi) are a mountain range, with over 83% of its area in southern Bulgaria and the remainder in Greece. ... Smolyan region shown within Bulgaria Smolyan is a region in southern Bulgaria. ... Kurdzhali region shown within Bulgaria Kurdzhali is a region of southern Bulgaria, neighbouring Greece to the south and east. ... A Muslim is a believer in or follower of Islam. ... Jump to: navigation, search Christianity is a monotheistic religion based on the life and teachings of Jesus of Nazareth as presented in the New Testament writings of his early followers. ... Jump to: navigation, search For the Temptations album, see 1990 (Temptations album) MCMXC redirects here; for the Enigma album, see MCMXC a. ... Jump to: navigation, search Vihren from the south The Pirin Mountains (Bulgarian: Пирин) are a mountain range in southwest Bulgaria, with Vihren (2,914 m high) the highest peak, situated at 41° 45′ 50″ N, 23° 25′ 30″ E. The range extends about 40 km northwest-southeast, and about 25 km... The Rhodopes (also spelled Rodopi) are a mountain range, with over 83% of its area in southern Bulgaria and the remainder in Greece. ... Categories: Regions of Bulgaria | Bulgaria geography stubs ... Categories: Regions of Bulgaria | Macedonia | Bulgaria geography stubs ... Jump to: navigation, search A Muslim (Arabic: مسلم) is an adherent of Islam. ... Jump to: navigation, search 1992 was a leap year starting on Wednesday. ... Jump to: navigation, search 2001: A Space Odyssey. ... The Rhodopes (also spelled Rodopi) are a mountain range, with over 83% of its area in southern Bulgaria and the remainder in Greece. ... A Muslim is a believer in or follower of Islam. ...


The Muslim Bulgarian community in Greece has been largely Turkified. Since the 1990s Greece has made tentative attempts to promote a separate "Pomak" identity, partly because of the advanced Turkification of the non-Turkish members of its Muslim minority (Muslim Bulgarians and Roma) and partly for fear of the growing percentage of Muslims in Thrace in the past couple of decennia. A Greek-Pomak dictionary has been issued and Muslim Bulgarians have frequently been described by Greek authorities as "an amalgamation of Bulgarians, Greeks and Turks" or even as "Muslim Slavophone Greeks". Jump to: navigation, search For the Temptations album, see 1990 (Temptations album) MCMXC redirects here; for the Enigma album, see MCMXC a. ... Jump to: navigation, search A Muslim (Arabic: مسلم) is an adherent of Islam. ... Jump to: navigation, search The Roma people (pronounced rahma; singular Rom; sometimes Rroma, Rrom), along with the closely related Sinti people, are commonly known as Gypsies in English. ... A Muslim is a believer in or follower of Islam. ... Thrace (Greek Θρᾴκη Thrákē, Bulgarian Тракия Trakija, Turkish Trakya) is a historical and geographic area in southeast Europe spread over southern Bulgaria, northeastern Greece, and European Turkey. ...


There is also a substantial Muslim Bulgarian community in Turkey, estimated at some 120,000 people. These are not recognized by the Turkish government as an ethnic minority and have been largely Turkified. Some of them have Turkish or distinctive "Pomak" self-consciousness. An ethnic group is a culture or subculture whose members are readily distinguishable by outsiders based on traits originating from a common racial, national, linguistic, or religious source. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
obst_en (8247 words)
The Bulgarian nation was formed as an ethnic nation on the basis of the Bulgarian ethnos in the age of the National Revival (the Bulgarian Renaissance, late 18th and 19th century), proceeding from a religious (Eastern Orthodox) context and developing a modern nationalism.
Prior to 1878, Bulgarian emigrants headed north of the Danube, settling from the area of Banat to the west, to the area of the Northern Black Sea and the Sea of Azov to the east, across Transylvania, Oltenia, Muntenia, Moldova and Bessarabia.
The Bulgarian Turkic communities are descended from one of the components of the Mediaeval Bulgarian ethnos, formed by the symbiosis of Turkic-speaking Bulgarians and Slavs.
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