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Encyclopedia > Musketeer
For other uses of this term, see Musketeer (disambiguation). Musketeers redirects to The Three Musketeers.

A Musketeer (French: "mousquetaire") was an Early Modern type of soldier equipped with a musket. Musketeers were an important part of Early Modern armies, both in Europe and the East. Image File history File links Broom_icon. ... Musketeer may mean: Musketeer, an Early Modern type of military force equipped with muskets (see also Tercio). ... A musket is a muzzle-loaded, smooth-bore long gun. ... For other uses, see The Three Musketeers (disambiguation). ... Modern soldiers. ... Muskets and bayonets aboard the frigate Grand Turk. ...

Contents

Musketeers in China

Musketeers in China from the Ming dynasty
Musketeers in China from the Ming dynasty

Musketeers were utilized in the Ming and Qing dynasties. Image File history File links Wiki_letter_w. ... Image File history File links Ming_musketeers. ... Image File history File links Ming_musketeers. ... For other uses, see Ming. ...


Musketeers in Spain

In the Spanish army, the Tercio (sometimes referred to by other nations as a Spanish Square) was a mixed infantry formation of about 3,000 pikemen and musketeers. It was nigh on invincible for its era, capitalizing on the brute strength and close-range abilities of the pikemen and the long-range projectile capabilities of the muskets. In practice, it appeared as a loosely formed phalanx in function, but was far more flexible and deadly. Their reputation was firmly established as a viable fighting force during the Battle of Pavia, where Spanish forces were successful in capturing the French king. Tercio was a term used by the Spanish army to describe a mixed infantry formation of about 3,000 pikemen and musketeers, sometimes referred to by other nations as a Spanish Square. ... Infantry of the Royal Irish Rifles during the Battle of the Somme in World War I. Infantry are soldiers who fight primarily on foot with small arms in organized military units, though they may be transported to the battlefield by horses, ships, automobiles, skis, or other means. ... A modern recreation of a mid-17th century company of pikemen. ... Combatants France Holy Roman Empire, Spain Commanders Francis I of France Charles de Lannoy, Antonio de Leyva Strength 17,000 infantry 6,500 cavalry 53 guns[citation needed] 19,000 infantry 4,000 cavalry 17 guns[citation needed] Casualties 12,000 dead or wounded[citation needed] 500 dead or wounded...


Musketeers in Sweden

Thanks to the reforms of Gustav II Adolf of sweden, the Swedish Army in the mid-17h Century had the finest musketeers in Europe. Gustav's training manual revolutionized musketry and transformed the European battlefield. Gustav II Adolph Gustav II Adolph (December 9, 1594 - November 6, 1632) (also known as Gustav Adolph the Great, under the Latin name Gustavus Adolphus or the Swedish form Gustav II Adolf) was a King of Sweden. ... Swedish Army - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... (16th century - 17th century - 18th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 17th century was that century which lasted from 1601-1700. ... World map showing the location of Europe. ... Muskets and bayonets aboard the frigate Grand Turk. ...


Musketeers in Japan

Little known to the general reader, Japan also had musketeers. Introduced in 1543 by Portugal|Portuguese merchants, by the 1560s muskets were being mass-produced locally.


Oda Nobunaga revolutionized musket tactics in Japan by splitting loaders and musketeers and assigning three guns to a man at the 1575 Battle of Nagashino, during Japan's Civil War. Popular records stating he used a three-line formation, like that of Maurice of Nassau, are incorrect according to onsite evidence.) The total victory he won at this battle led other daimyo to acquire muskets in large quantities, and they proved highly effective during the Japanese invasion of Korea in the 1590s ordered by Toyotomi Hideyoshi. At the Battle of Sekigahara in 1600, nearly 20,000 muskets were used, comparable to if not greater than the numbers employed on contemporary European battlefields.


Soon after, and during the Seclusion policySakoku, however, the political power of the samurai led to muskets being banned in Japan as "unchivalrous". This sentiment was shared by many in Europe, however the political situation in Europe prevented such a ban.


Musketeers in France

The Musketeers were a fighting company of the military branch of the Royal Household or Maison du Roi. They were created in 1622 when Louis XIII furnished a company of light cavalry (the "carabins", created by Louis' father Henri IV with muskets. Musketeers fought in battle both on foot (infantry) and on horseback (dragoons). They formed the royal guard for the king while he was outside of the royal residences (within the royal residences, the king's guard was the "Garde du Corps (France)|Garde du corps" and the "Gardes suisses") La Maison du Roi (House of the King) is a French Army Household Cavalry regiment. ... Louis XIII (September 27, 1601 – May 14, 1643), called the Just (French: le Juste), was King of France from 1610 to 1643. ... By Frans Pourbus the younger. ...


Shortly after their creation, a second company of Musketeers was created for Cardinal Richelieu. At the cardinal's death in 1642, the company passed to his successor Cardinal Mazarin who disbanded the Musketeers in 1646. The Musketeers reappeared in 1657 with a company of 150 men. At Mazarin's death in 1661, the cardinal's Musketeers passed to Louis XIV of France|Louis XIV. The two companies were reorganized in 1664, and one company took the name "Grey Musketeers" mousquetaires gris from the color of their livery, while the second were called "Black Musketeers" mousquetaires noirs. At roughly the same time, the size of Musketeer companies was doubled.


The Musketeers were the among the most prestigious of the military companies of the 'Ancien Régime, and in principle the companies were reserved for nobles. With the reforms of Michel Le Tellier – which mandated a certain number of years of military service before nobles could attain the rank of officer – many nobles sought to do this service in the privileged Musketeer companies.


In 1776, the Musketeers were eliminated by Louis XVI, for budgetary reasons. Reformed in 1789, they were eliminated shortly afterward. They were reformed on July 6, 1814, and definitively eliminated on January 1, 1816. Louis XVI, King of France Louis XVI (23 August 1754 – 21 January 1793) ruled as King of France and Navarre from 1774 until 1791, and then as King of the French from 1791 to 1792. ...


References

This article is based in part on the article Mousquetaire from the French Wikipedia, retrieved on September 9, 2006.

The French Wikipedia is the French language edition of Wikipedia, spelled Wikipédia. ...

See also


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