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Encyclopedia > Musical composition

Musical composition is a phrase used in a number of contexts, the most commonly used being a piece of music. It is also used, however, to refer the structure of a musical piece and to the process of creating or orchestrating a new piece of music. For other uses, see Music (disambiguation). ... The term musical form refers to two related concepts: the type of composition (for example, a musical work can have the form of a symphony, a concerto, or other generic type -- see Multi-movement forms below) the structure of a particular piece (for example, a piece can be written in... Orchestration is the study or practice of writing music for orchestra (or, more loosely, for any musical ensemble) or of adapting for orchestra music composed for another medium. ...

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Musical compositions

A piece of music exists in the form of a written composition in musical notation or as a single acoustic event (a live performance or recorded track). If composed before being performed, music can be performed from memory, through written musical notation, or through a combination of both. Compositions comprise musical elements, which vary widely from person to person and between cultures. Improvisation is the act of composing immediately before or during the performance, assembling musical elements "spontaneously." This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... It has been suggested that Unplugged be merged into this article or section. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Improvisation is the practice of acting and reacting, of making and creating, in the moment and in response to the stimulus of ones immediate environment. ...


Composition as musical form

In discussing the structure or organization of a musical work, the composition of that work is generally called its musical form. These techniques draw a parallel to art's formal elements. Sometimes, the entire form of a piece is through-composed, meaning that each part is different, with no repetition of sections; other forms include strophic, rondo, verse-chorus, or other parts. Some pieces are composed around a set scale, where the compositional technique might be considered the usage of a particular scale. Others are composed during performance (see improvisation), where a variety of techniques are also sometimes used. The term musical form refers to two related concepts: the type of composition (for example, a musical work can have the form of a symphony, a concerto, or other generic type -- see Multi-movement forms below) the structure of a particular piece (for example, a piece can be written in... Through-composed music is music which is relatively continous, non-sectional, and/or non-repetitive. ... Strophic form, or chorus form, is a sectional and/or additive way of structuring a piece of music based on the repetition of one formal section or block played repeatedly. ... a rondo is played between episode which are played by non solo people Rondo, and its French equivalent rondeau, is a word that has been used in music in a number of ways, most often in reference to a musical form, but also in reference to a character-type that... Verse-chorus form is a musical form common in popular music and predominant in rock since the 1960s. ... In music, a scale is a set of musical notes that provides material for part or all of a musical work. ... Improvisation is the practice of acting and reacting, of making and creating, in the moment and in response to the stimulus of ones immediate environment. ...


Important in tonal musical composition is the scale for the notes used, including the mode and tonic note. When playing or reading classical notated music, only the key signature (a designated set of notes in scale) matters. In music using twelve tone techniques, the tone row is even more comprehensive a factor than a scale. Similarly, music of the Middle East employs compositions that are rigidly based on a specific mode (such as the dorian, phrygian, mixolydian, and locrian scales), often within improvisational contexts, as does Hindustani music of India, gamelans of Java and Bali, and much music in Africa. The adjective tonal can refer to: tonality in music a tonal language the opposite of Nagual, in the specific context of Carlos Castaneda, the tonal is what makes the world. ... In music, a scale is a set of musical notes that provides material for part or all of a musical work. ... This article is about modes as used in music. ... The tonic is the first note of a musical scale, and in the tonal method of music composition it is extremely important. ... Classical music is a broad, somewhat imprecise term, referring to music produced in, or rooted in the traditions of, European art, ecclesiastical and concert music, encompassing a broad period from roughly 1000 to the present day. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... This key signature – A major or F# minor – consists of three sharps placed after the clef In musical notation, a key signature is a series of sharp symbols or flat symbols placed on the staff, designating notes that are to be consistently played one semitone higher or lower than the... Twelve-tone technique is a system of musical composition devised by Arnold Schoenberg. ... In music, a tone row or note row is a permutation, an arrangement or ordering, of the twelve notes of the chromatic scale. ... A map showing countries commonly considered to be part of the Middle East The Middle East is a region comprising the lands around the southern and eastern parts of the Mediterranean Sea, a territory that extends from the eastern Mediterranean Sea to the Persian Gulf. ... Due to historical confusion, Dorian mode can refer to two very different musical modes or diatonic scales. ... Due to historical confusion, Phrygian mode can refer to two very different musical modes or diatonic scales. ... The Mixolydian mode is a musical mode or diatonic scale. ... The Locrian mode is a musical mode or diatonic scale. ... The word Hindustani is an adjective used to denote a connection to India, or, more precisely, the historical region that encompasses Northern India, Pakistan, and nearby areas. ... Gamelan - Indonesian Embassy in Canberra A gamelan is a kind of musical ensemble of Indonesian origin typically featuring a variety of instruments such as metallophones, xylophones, drums, and gongs; bamboo flutes, bowed and plucked strings, and vocalists may also be included. ... Java (Indonesian, Javanese, and Sundanese: Jawa) is an island of Indonesia, and the site of its capital city, Jakarta. ... This article is about the Indonesian island. ... A world map showing the continent of Africa Africa is the worlds second-largest and second most-populous continent, after Asia. ...


Composing music

People who practice composition are called composers. Useful skills in composition include writing musical notation, instrumentation, and handling musical ensembles (orchestration). The definition of composition has broadened to include extended techniques such as improvisation, musical montage, preparing instruments, using non-traditional instruments or methods of sound production, and making music from silence, as John Cage famously did. A composer is a person who writes music. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Instrumentation is the study and practice of writing music for a musical instrument. ... A musical ensemble is a group of two or more musicians who perform instrumental or vocal music. ... Orchestration is the study or practice of writing music for orchestra (or, more loosely, for any musical ensemble) or of adapting for orchestra music composed for another medium. ... Improvisation is the practice of acting and reacting, of making and creating, in the moment and in response to the stimulus of ones immediate environment. ... Musical montage (literally putting together) is a technique where sound objects or compositions are created from collage. ... Silence is a relative or total lack of sound. ... For the Mortal Kombat character, see Johnny Cage. ...


Compositional instrumentation

The task of instrumenting a composition, called arranging or orchestrating, may be undertaken by the composer or separately by an arranger based on the composer's core composition. A composition may have multiple arrangements based on such factors as intended audience type and breadth, musical genre or stylistic treatment, recorded or live performance considerations, available musicians and instruments, commercial goals and economic constraints. In music, an arrangement refers either to a rewriting of a piece of existing music with additional new material or to a fleshing-out of a compositional sketch, such as a lead sheet. ... Orchestration is the study or practice of writing music for orchestra (or, more loosely, for any musical ensemble) or of adapting for orchestra music composed for another medium. ... In popular music an arrangement is a setting of a piece of music, which may have been composed by the arranger or by someone else. ...


Based on such factors, composers or arrangers must decide upon the instrumentation of the original work. Today, the contemporary composer can virtually write for almost any combination of instruments. Some common group settings include music for Full Orchestra (consisting of just about every instrument group), Wind Ensemble (or Concert Band, which consists of larger sections and greater diversity of wind, brass and percussion instruments than are usually found in the orchestra), or a chamber group (often called chamber music, which calls for the instrumentation of at least two instruments). The composer may also choose to write for only one instrument, in which case this is called a solo. Instrumentation is the study and practice of writing music for a musical instrument. ... Look up contemporary in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... For the song titled Orchestra, see The Servant (band). ... A wind band, also called concert band, symphonic band, or wind ensemble, is a performing ensemble consisting of woodwind, brass, percussion instruments, and often string bass. ... A concert band, also called wind band, symphonic band, symphonic winds, wind orchestra, wind symphony, or wind ensemble, is a performing ensemble consisting of several members of the woodwind instrument family, brass instrument family and percussion instrument family. ... For the song titled Orchestra, see The Servant (band). ... Chamber music is a form of classical music, written for a small group of instruments which traditionally could be accommodated in a palace chamber. ... In music, a solo is a piece or a section of a piece played or sung by a single performer (solo is an Italian word literally meaning alone). ...


Composers are not limited to writing only for instruments, they may also decide to write for voice (including choral works, operas, and musicals) or percussion instruments or electronic instruments. Alternatively, as is the case with musique concrète, the composer can work with many sounds often not associated with the creation of music, such as typewriters, sirens, and so forth. The human voice consists of sound made by a human using the vocal folds for talking, singing, laughing, crying and screaming. ... This article is about choirs, musical ensembles containing singers. ... This article is about opera as an art form. ... Musical theater (or theatre) is a form of theater combining music, songs, dance, and spoken dialogue. ... “Percussion” redirects here. ... An electronic musical instrument is a musical instrument that produces its sounds using electronics. ... Musique concrète (French; literally, concrete music), is a style of avant-garde music that relies on natural environmental sounds and other non-musical noises to create music. ...


In Elizabeth Sawdos' Listening out Loud, she explains how a composer must know the full capabilities of each instrument and how they must complement each other, not compete. She gives and example of how in an earlier composition of hers, she had the tuba above the piccolo. This would clearly drown the piccolo out, thus giving it no purpose in the composition. Each instrument chosen to be in a piece must have a reason for being there that adds to what the composer is trying to convey within the work


See also

For other uses, see Music (disambiguation). ... Music is found in every known culture, past and present, varying wildly between times and places. ... Ancient music is music that developed in literate cultures, replacing prehistoric music. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Renaissance music is European music written during the Renaissance, approximately 1400 to 1600. ... Baroque music describes an era and a set of styles of European classical music which were in widespread use between approximately 1600 and 1750[1] (see Dates of classical music eras for a discussion of the problems inherent in defining the beginning and end points). ... The Classical period in Western music occurred from about 1750 to 1825, despite considerable overlap at both ends with preceding and following periods, as is true for all musical eras. ... The era of Romantic music is defined as the period of European classical music that runs roughly from the early 1800s to the first decade of the 20th century, as well as music written according to the norms and styles of that period. ... A revolution occurred in 20th century music listening as the radio gained popularity worldwide, and new media and technologies were developed to record, capture, reproduce and distribute music. ... In the broadest sense, contemporary music is any music being written in the present day. ... Image File history File links GClef. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Musical improvisation is the spontaneous creative process of making music while it is being performed. ... Music theory is a field of study that investigates the nature or mechanics of music. ... A History of Western Music Seventh Edition by J. Peter Burkholder, Donald J. Grout, and Claude V. Palisca is one of several popular books used to teach Music History in North America. ... Musicology (Greek: μουσικη = music and λογος = word or reason) is the scholarly study of music. ... Ethnomusicology (from the Greek ethnos = nation and mousike = music), formerly comparative musicology, is the study of music in its cultural context, cultural musicology. ... Music cognition is an interdisciplinary field involving such disparate areas as cognitive science, music theory, psychology, musicology, neuroscience, computer science, philosophy, psychoacoustics, etc. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... An album or record album is a collection of related audio or music tracks distributed to the public. ... For other uses, see Song (disambiguation). ... In music, a suite is an organized set of instrumental or orchestral pieces normally performed at a single sitting, as a separate musical performance, not accompanying an opera, ballet, or theater-piece. ... Lyrics are the words in songs. ... This does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... In the music industry, a record producer (or music producer) has many roles, among them controlling the recording sessions, coaching and guiding the musicians, organizing and scheduling production budget and resources, and supervising the recording, mixing and mastering processes. ... “Instrumentalist” redirects here. ... A composer is a person who writes music. ... Music is a human expression in the medium of time using the structures of sounds or tones and silence. ... This page aims to list articles related to music. ... This is a list of musical terms that are likely to be encountered in printed scores. ... The definition of music is a contested evaluation of what constitutes music and varies through history, geography, and within societies. ... Music theory is a field of study that investigates the nature or mechanics of music. ... A musical instrument is a device constructed or modified with the purpose of making music. ... There is a long history of the connection between music and politics, particularly political expression in music. ... There are arguments that mathematics can be used to analyse and understand music, and at its core, to compose the music itself. ... The music industry refers to the business industry connected with the creation and sale of music. ... The term musical form refers to two related concepts: the type of composition (for example, a musical work can have the form of a symphony, a concerto, or other generic type -- see Multi-movement forms below) the structure of a particular piece (for example, a piece can be written in... Sample of hand-copied music manuscript, in ink, of a piece composed for piano. ... This article deals with contemporary popular music publishing. ...

External links

  • Composition Today News, competitions, interviews and other resources for composers.
  • Gems of compositional wisdom
  • A Practical Guide to Musical Composition
  • ComposersNewPencil - Information, articles and music composition resources.
  • Young Composers - A forum/wiki for budding composers of all ages to share and discuss ideas and music.
  • How to compose music

  Results from FactBites:
 
Musical composition - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (584 words)
A piece of music exists in the form of a written composition in musical notation or as a single acoustic event (a live performance or recorded track).
Similarly, music of the Middle East employs compositions that are rigidly based on a specific scale (such as the dorian, phrygian, mixolydian, and locrian scales etc...), often within improvisational contexts, as does Hindustani music of India, gamelans of Java and Bali, and much music in Africa.
The task of instrumenting a composition, called arranging or orchestrating, may be undertaken by the composer or separately by an arranger based on the composer's core composition.
musical composition - Hutchinson encyclopedia article about musical composition (83 words)
Art of combining sounds to create an original piece of music.
It is also another word for the piece of music itself.
This information should not be considered complete, up to date, and is not intended to be used in place of a visit, consultation, or advice of a legal, medical, or any other professional.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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