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Encyclopedia > Music video

A music video is a short film or video that accompanies a complete piece of music, most commonly a song. Modern music videos are primarily made and used as a marketing device intended to promote the sale of music recordings. Although the origins of music videos go back much further, they came into their own in the 1980s, when MTV's format was based around them. The term "music video" first came into popular usage in the early 1980s. Prior to then, such clips were described by various terms including "promotional films" or "promotional clips". Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Short subject is an American film industry term that historically has referred to any film in the format of two reels, or approximately 20 minutes running time, or less. ... Video clips are short clips in video format and predominantly found on the internet where the massive influx of new video clips during 2006 was dubbed as a new phenomenon having a profound impact on both the internet and other forms of media. ... This article is about the musical composition. ... Next big thing redirects here. ... This article is about the original U.S. music television channel. ...


Music videos use a range of styles of filmmaking, including animation, live action filming, documentaries, and non-narrative approaches such as abstract film. Some music videos blend different styles, such as animation and live action. The bouncing ball animation (below) consists of these 6 frames. ... In film and video, live action refers to works that are acted out by flesh-and-blood actors, as opposed to animation. ... Documentary film is a broad category of visual expression that is based on the attempt, in one fashion or another, to document reality. ... Abstract film is a subgenre of experimental film. ...

An early station ID from MTV.

Contents

Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Station identification is the practice of any type of radio station identifying itself, typically with a callsign. ... This article is about the original U.S. music television channel. ...

History

Antecedents: 1910s-1950s

In the 1920s, the animated films of Jennifer Hoyer (aptly labelled "visual music") were supplied with orchestral scores. Fischinger also made short animated films to advertise Electrola Records' new releases, making these films possibly the first music videos.[citation needed] In 1929 the Russian director Dziga Vertov made a 40 minute film called Man with the Movie Camera. It was an experiment on filming real, actual events, contrary to Georges Méliès theatrical approach. The film is backed by music played live by an orchestra on theaters, and it has no dialogue. Electrola is the German branch of EMI. Relations were severed between the German and English branches of the Gramophone Company Ltd as a result of World War I. The German Gramophone Co (Deutsche Grammophon Gesellschaft) claimed the rights to the His Masters Voice label, so a new label was... Dziga Vertov Dziga (Dzyga) Vertov (Russian: , Ukrainian: ) January 2, 1896–February 12, 1954) was a Russian pioneer documentary film and newsreel director. ... Opening shot A street in the morning Mikhail Kaufman acts as a cameraman in search of the best shot The Man with the Movie Camera, sometimes The Man with a Movie Camera, The Man with a Camera, or Living Russia (Chelovek s kino-apparatom, in Russian: ) is an experimental 1929... Georges Méliès (December 8, 1861 – January 21, 1938), full name Marie-Georges-Jean Méliès, was a French filmmaker famous for leading many technical and narrative developments in the earliest cinema. ...


In the 1936 film version of Show Boat, during Paul Robeson's classic rendition of Ol' Man River, the camera does a full pan around him as he sits on a wharf singing. Then the scene dissolves to an expressionist montage set against deliberately artificial backgrounds, showing Robeson "acting" in accordance with the lyrics of the song (toting barges, lifting bales, etc.). After this, other dock workers file in behind Robeson and seat themselves around him to sing the second chorus of the song, with the scene once again shifting to another expressionist scene, this time of workers toiling. For films based on the musical, see Show Boat (film). ... -1... Ol Man River (music by Jerome Kern, lyrics by Oscar Hammerstein II) is a song in the 1927 musical Show Boat, that tells a melancholy story of African American hardship and struggles of the time, related to the endless flow of the Mississippi River, from the view of a dock...


Sergei Eisenstein's 1938 film Alexander Nevsky, used extended scenes of battles choreographed to a score by Sergei Prokofiev, a score that had already been composed before shooting began, so that the scene could be edited in accordance with the music. Sergei Mikhailovich Eisenstein (Russian: Сергей Михайлович Эйзенштейн) (January 23, 1898 – February 11, 1948) was a revolutionary Soviet Russian film director and film theorist noted in particular for his silent films Strike, Battleship Potemkin and Oktober. ... For other uses, see Alexander Nevsky (disambiguation). ... Sergei Sergeyevich Prokofiev (Russian: , Sergej Sergejevič Prokofijev; April 27 (April 151 O.S.), 1891–March 5, 1953) was a Russian and Soviet composer who mastered numerous musical genres and came to be admired as one of the greatest composers of the 20th century. ...


Animation artist Max Fleischer introduced a series of sing-along short cartoons called Screen Songs, which invited audiences to sing along to popular songs by "following the bouncing ball". Early 1930s cartoons featured popular musicians performing their hit songs on-camera in live-action segments during the cartoons. Max Fleischer (July 19, 1883–September 11, 1972) was an important pioneer in the development of the animated cartoon. ... A scene from the eleventh Screen Song cartoon, Smiles (1929). ... Cartoons started in the 1930s and 40s. ...


The early animated films by Walt Disney, his Silly Symphonies, were built around music. The Warner Brothers cartoons, even today billed as Looney Tunes and Merrie Melodies, were initially fashioned around specific songs from upcoming Warner Brothers musical films. Live action musical shorts, featuring such popular performers as Cab Calloway, were also distributed to theatres. For the company founded by Disney, see The Walt Disney Company. ... Silly Symphonies is a series of cartoons made by Walt Disney Productions. ... Warner Bros. ... Looney Tunes opening title from mid-1950s Looney Tunes is a Warner Bros. ... Merrie Melodies end title Merrie Melodies is the name of a series of animated cartoons distributed by Warner Bros. ... The musical film is a film genre in which several songs sung by the characters are interwoven into the narrative. ... Cab Calloway, photographed by Carl Van Vechten, 1933 Cab Calloway (December 25, 1907–November 18, 1994) was a famous American jazz singer and bandleader. ...


Blues singer Bessie Smith appeared in a two-reel short film called Saint Louis Blues (1929) featuring a dramatized performance of the hit song. It was shown in theatres until 1932. Numerous other musicians appeared in short musical subjects during this period. Later, in the mid-1940s, musician Louis Jordan made short films for his songs, some of which were spliced together into a bizarre feature film Lookout Sister; these films were, according to music historian Donald Clarke, the ancestors of music videos.[1] Blues music redirects here. ... This article includes a list of works cited or a list of external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks in-text citations. ... A number of short and feature films have been entitled . ... Louis Jordan swinging on sax, Paramount Theatre, NYC, 1946 (Photo: William P. Gottlieb) Louis Jordan (July 8, 1908 – February 4, 1975) was a pioneering African-American blues, jazz and rhythm & blues musician and songwriter who enjoyed his greatest popularity from the late 1930s to the early 1950s. ...


Another early form of music video were one-song films called "Promotional Clips" made in the 1940s for the Panoram visual jukebox. These were short films of musical selections, usually just a band on a movie-set bandstand, made for playing. Thousands of soundies were made, mostly of jazz musicians, but also of "torch singers," comedians, and dancers. Before the Soundie, even dramatic movies typically had a musical interval, but the Soundie made the music the star and virtually all the name jazz performers appeared in Soundie shorts. The Panoram jukebox with eight three-minute Soundies were popular in taverns and night spots, but the fad faded during World War II.[citation needed] A Panoram was the trademark name of a video jukebox that had limited popularity within the United States during the 1930s. ... A Zodiac jukebox A jukebox is a partially automated music-playing device, usually a coin-operated machine, that can play specially selected songs from self-contained media. ... For other uses, see Jazz (disambiguation). ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000...


1950-1959

In 1956, Petrushka, directed by John David Wilson for Fine Arts Films aired as a segment of the Sol Hurok Music Hour on NBC. Igor Stravinsky conducted a live orchestra for the recording of the event. In 1957 Tony Bennett was filmed walking along The Serpentine in Hyde Park, London as his recording of "Stranger in Paradise" played; this film was distributed to and played by UK and US television stations. According to the Internet Accuracy Project, disk jockey-singer J.P. "The Big Bopper" Richardson was the first to coin the phrase "music video", in 1959.[2] Petrouchka or Petrushka (French: Pétrouchka; Russian: Петрушка) is a ballet with music by the Russian composer Igor Stravinsky and choreography by Vaslav Nijinsky. ... John David Wilson (born August 8, 1919 in Wimbledon, England) is an English artist, animator and producer. ... Fine Arts Films, Inc. ... This article is about the television network. ... Igor Stravinsky. ... For other persons named Tony Bennett, see Tony Bennett (disambiguation). ... The Serpentine (also known as the Serpentine River) is a 28-acre (11. ... “Hyde Park” redirects here. ... Stranger in Paradise is a popular song. ... For other meanings of DJ, see DJ (disambiguation). ... Jiles Perry (J.P.) Richardson, Jr. ...


1960-1969

See also: List of music videos made in the 1960s

In 1960 the Scopitone, a visual jukebox, was invented in France and short films were produced by many French artists, such as Serge Gainsbourg, Françoise Hardy and Jacques Dutronc to accompany their songs. Its use spread to other countries and similar machines such as the Cinebox in Italy and Color-Sonic in the USA were patented.[3] In 1961 Ozzie Nelson directed and edited the video of "Travelin' Man" by his son Ricky Nelson. It featured images of various parts of the world mentioned in the Jerry Fuller song along with Nelson's vocals. In 1964, Kenneth Anger's underground experimental short film Scorpio Rising used popular songs. Scopitone is a type of jukebox featuring a 16 mm film component. ... Serge Gainsbourg (April 2, 1928 – March 2, 1991) was a French poet, singer-songwriter, actor and director. ... Françoise Hardy (French IPA: ) (born Françoise Madeleine Hardy, January 17, 1944 in Paris) is a French singer, actress and astrologer. ... Jacques Dutronc (b. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Kenneth Anger Kenneth Anger (born February 3, 1927 in Santa Monica, California as Kenneth Wilbur Anglemyer) is an underground avant-garde film-maker and author. ... This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ...


In Canada, for Singalong Jubilee, Manny Pittson began pre-recording the music audio, went on location and taped various visuals with the musicians lip-syncing, then edited the audio and video together later. Most music numbers were taped in studio on stage, and the location shoot "videos" were to add variety. [4]


In 1964 The Beatles' first major motion picture, A Hard Day's Night, used filmed live action sequences accompanied by music. The US TV series The Monkees from 1966 to 1968 also consisted of film segments that were created to accompany various Monkees songs. In 1964, The Beatles began filming short promotional films for their songs which were distributed for broadcast on television variety shows in other countries, especially the US as a way to promote their record releases without having to make television appearances. (At the same time, The Byrds began using the same strategy to promote their singles in the United Kingdom, starting with the 1965 single "Set You Free This Time".) The White Album, see The Beatles (album). ... The film A Hard Days Night (1964) is a mockumentary written by Alun Owen and starring The Beatles during the height of Beatlemania. ... The Monkees were a pop-rock quartet created and based in Los Angeles in 1965 for an NBC American television series of the same name. ... Not to be confused with The Birds (band). ...


By the time The Beatles stopped touring in late 1966 their promotional films, like their recordings, were becoming increasingly sophisticated. Their films for "Rain" and Paperback Writer" used rhythmic editing, slow motion, and reversed film effects. In 1966 the clip of Bob Dylan's "Subterranean Homesick Blues" filmed by D A Pennebaker shows Dylan standing still, holding up a series of cue cards featuring the song's lyrics in time to the music. Rain is the title of a 1966 song done by The Beatles. ... {{Infobox Single | Name = Paperback Writer | Cover = Paperrain. ... This article is about the recording artist. ... Subterranean Homesick Blues is a song written by Bob Dylan, originally released on the album Bringing It All Back Home in March 1965. ... D.A. Pennebaker is a documentary filmmaker. ...


The Kinks made one of the first real "plot" promo clips for a song. For their single "Dead End Street" (1966) a miniature comic movie was made, where members of Kinks acted like undertakers in old London streets. The clip also shows photo stills from Great Depression, uprising dead man and Ray Davies playing an old woman. No lip-sync but clip was edited according to phases of song. The promo clip was banned in BBC because of "poor taste".[citation needed] The Kinks were an English rock group formed in 1963 by lead singer-songwriter Ray Davies, his brother, lead guitarist and vocalist Dave Davies, and bassist Pete Quaife. ... Look up Plot in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


Another plot clip was made for The Who's "Happy Jack" in the same year. In the little movie the band is acting like a gang of idiotic thieves robbing an apartment. They can't resist eating a cake and this leads to a cream-pie battle with a cop. There is no lip-sync in this clip either. The Who are an English rock band that formed in 1964. ... A Quick One (1966) is the second album released by British rock band The Who. ...


The Beatles' films for "Strawberry Fields Forever" (directed by Peter Goldmann) and "Penny Lane", in 1967 used techniques borrowed from underground and avant garde film, such as reversed film effects, dramatic lighting, unusual camera angles, and color filtering added in post-production. These psychedelic music-themed films attempt to "illustrate" the song in an artful manner. Music sample Strawberry Fields Forever Problems? See media help. ... Music sample Penny Lane ( file info) Problems? See media help. ... Psychedelia in music (or also psychedelic music, less formally) is a term that refers to a broad set of popular music styles, genres and scenes, that may include psychedelic rock, psychedelic folk, psychedelic pop, psychedelic soul, psychedelic ambient, psychedelic trance, psychedelic techno, and others. ...


Procol Harum made two promos for their hit "A Whiter Shade of Pale". First, the better known shows band members (the line-up which recorded the song) walking in the ruins, then band performing song onstage and documentary footages of Vietnam war. Second, more obscure and psychedelic, shows whole band (the classic Procol Harum line-up) running towards camera, then grotesque close-up of Gary Brooker badly lip-syncing the song and several surrealistic footages of band acting and standing by a church. Other frames show band in London crowded streets, Brooker standing somewhere in Picadilly Circus etc. Procol Harum is an English rock band, formed in the 1960s, who built a heavy foundation for what would become progressive rock. ... A Whiter Shade of Pale is a song by the British band Procol Harum. ... Combatants Republic of Vietnam United States Republic of Korea Thailand Australia New Zealand The Philippines National Front for the Liberation of South Vietnam Democratic Republic of Vietnam People’s Republic of China Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea Strength US 1,000,000 South Korea 300,000 Australia 48,000...


The Troggs made a monochrome clip for their hit "Love Is All Around", showing singer Reg Presley`s love affair with a girl in the train where the band is traveling. Clip includes some concert scenes, also several close-ups, a mess silver paper, girl's nude back covered with ornaments, flowers in compartment and other psychedelic elements. The Troggs were a successful English rock band of the 1960s, who had a number of hits in Britain and America, including their most famous song, Wild Thing. The Troggs were from the town of Andover in southern England. ... Love Is All Around is a song composed by Reg Presley and performed by the Troggs. ... Reg Presley (born Reginald Maurice Ball on June 12, 1943[1], in Andover, Hampshire) is an English singer/songwriter. ...


The Doors had a strong interest in film[citation needed], since both lead singer Jim Morrison and keyboard player Ray Manzarek had studied film at UCLA. The clip for their debut single "Break On Through" is a filmed performance that uses atmospheric lighting, camera work and editing. The 1968 anti-war single "The Unknown Soldier", depicts a mock execution by firing squad with extensive intercutting of archival footage and TV footage of the carnage of the Vietnam War. The Doors were an influential American rock band formed in 1965 in Los Angeles by vocalist Jim Morrison, keyboardist Ray Manzarek, drummer John Densmore, and guitarist Robby Krieger. ... For other persons named James or Jim Morrison, see James Morrison. ... Raymond Daniel Manzarek or Manczarek (born February 12, 1939) is an American musician, singer, producer, movie director, writer, co-founder and keyboardist of The Doors from 1965 to 1973, and the Doors of the 21st century (renamed Riders on the Storm) since 2001. ... Binomial name Ucla xenogrammus Holleman, 1993 The largemouth triplefin, Ucla xenogrammus, is a fish of the family Tripterygiidae and only member of the genus Ucla, found in the Pacific Ocean from Viet Nam, the Philippines, Palau and the Caroline Islands to Papua New Guinea, Australia (including Christmas Island), and the... Combatants Republic of Vietnam United States Republic of Korea Thailand Australia New Zealand The Philippines National Front for the Liberation of South Vietnam Democratic Republic of Vietnam People’s Republic of China Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea Strength US 1,000,000 South Korea 300,000 Australia 48,000...


The Rolling Stones appeared in promotional clips for songs such as "We Love You" (which made reference to the persecution of Oscar Wilde), "2000 Light Years From Home", "Child of the Moon" and "Jumpin' Jack Flash" and collaborated with Jean-Luc Godard on the film Sympathy for the Devil. The popularity of the 1968 animated film Yellow Submarine prompted The Byrds and The Beach Boys to also make promotional films. Rolling Stones redirects here. ... Oscar Fingal OFlahertie Wills Wilde (October 16, 1854 – November 30, 1900) was an Irish playwright, novelist, poet, and author of short stories. ... Jumpin Jack Flash is a song by English rock and roll band The Rolling Stones, released as a single in 1968. ... Jean-Luc Godard (French IPA: ) (born 3 December 1930) is a French filmmaker and one of the most influential members of the Nouvelle Vague, or French New Wave. Born to Franco-Swiss parents in Paris, he was educated in Nyon, Switzerland, later studying at the Lycée Rohmer, and the... Sympathy for the Devil (titled One Plus One in its European release) was a 1968 film shot mostly in color by director Jean-Luc Godard. ... For the song, see Yellow Submarine (song). ... Not to be confused with The Birds (band). ... The Beach Boys is an American rock and roll band. ...


Leonard Nimoy's notorious The Ballad of Bilbo Baggins (1968) is also an example of an early music video. Leonard Simon Nimoy (born March 26, 1931) is an American actor, film director, poet, musician and photographer. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ...


The Carpenters made a promo clip of their cover of the Beatles hit Ticket to Ride. They would also go on to make other videos in the 70s. For other uses, see Carpenter (disambiguation). ... Ticket to Ride is a song by The Beatles from their 1965 album, Help!. It was recorded 15 February 1965 at Abbey Road Studios and released as a single in 1965. ...


After 1969 the independent music movie clips came out of fashion with psychedelic music and style. In late 60s and early 70s bands preferred performing in TV shows which themselves became visually more attractive. Some of them released straight documentaries like The Beatles "Let It Be" or Rolling Stones "Gimme Shelter". The White Album, see The Beatles (album). ... Let It Be was an album by The Beatles, released on May 8, 1970. ... This article is about the rock band. ... Audio sample Info (help· info) This article is about The Rolling Stones song. ...


1970-1974

On the The Sonny & Cher Comedy Hour, director Chris Bearde enlisted animator John David Wilson to direct animated segments of current hits of the day reinterpreted by the duo. Songs included Coven's "One Tin Soldier", Three Dog Night's "Black and White" and Melanie's "Brand New Key". Wilson later went on to self-produce many more animated videos for artists such as Joni Mitchell, Bob Dylan and Jim Croce. The Sonny & Cher Comedy Hour was a variety show that ran on CBS in the United States from August 1971 until May 1974. ... Chris Bearde is a comedy writer, producer and director who created the format for the original Gong Show, and Sherman Oaks. He has also co-written and produced specials for Elvis Presley, Bob Hope, Sonny and Cher, Bill Cosby, Steve Martin, Jim Carrey, Andy Williams,The Jackson Five, The Osmonds... John David Wilson (born August 8, 1919 in Wimbledon, England) is an English artist, animator and producer. ... Coven is a pop/rock band, composed of vocalist Jinx Dawson, bassist Oz Osborne (not to be confused with Ozzy Osbourne of Black Sabbath) and drummer Steve Ross. ... One Tin Soldier is a ‘60s era anti-war song written by Dennis Lambert and Brian Potter. ... Three Dog Night is an American rock band, best known for their music from 1968–1975 but still making live appearances as of 2008. ... Black-and-white is a broad adjectival term used to describe a number of monochrome forms of visual arts. ... Melanie Anne Safka-Schekeryk (born February 3, 1947 in Astoria, New York City) is an American singer-songwriter. ... Brand New Key is a pop song written by folk singer Melanie (Melanie Safka), which became a novelty hit in 1971-2. ... Joni Mitchell, CC (born Roberta Joan Anderson on November 7, 1943) is a Canadian musician, songwriter, and painter. ... This article is about the recording artist. ... James Joseph Croce (January 10, 1943 – September 20, 1973), popularly known as Jim Croce (pronounced CRO-chee), was an American singer-songwriter. ...


The promotional clip continued to grow in importance, with television programs such as The Midnight Special and Don Kirshner's Rock Concert mixing concert footage with clips incorporating camera tricks, special effects, and dramatizations of song lyrics. The film of the Woodstock Festival, and the various concert films that were made during the early 1970s, such as Joe Cocker's Mad Dogs and Englishmen and Pink Floyd's Live at Pompeii concert film used rhythmic cross-cutting. The Midnight Special was a musical television series that ran from 1972 until 1983 on the NBC network. ... Don Kirshners Rock Concert was a television music variety show that ran during the 1970s and early 1980s, created and produced by Don Kirshner and syndicated to television stations. ... The Woodstock Music and Art Fair was a historic event held at Max Yasgurs 600 acre (2. ... Joe Cocker OBE (born 20 May 1944) is an English rock/blues singer who came to popularity in the 1960s, and is most known for his gritty voice and his cover versions of popular songs. ... Pink Floyd are an English rock band that initially earned recognition for their psychedelic or space rock music, and, as they evolved, for their progressive rock music. ...


Many countries with local pop music industries soon copied the trend towards promo film clips. In Australia promotional films by Australian pop performers were being made on a regular basis by 1966; among the earliest known are clips by Australian groups The Masters Apprentices and The Loved Ones. Surf film makers such as Bruce Brown, George Greenough and Alby Falzon combined images and music. Nicolas Roeg's 1970 cult film Performance contains a sequence in which star of the film Mick Jagger did a rendition of "Memo From Turner" combined with a psychedelic collage. The Masters Apprentices were a leading Australian rock band of the 1960s and early 1970s, fronted by singer Jim Keays. ... The Loved Ones as a band name refers to both an Australian rock group from the 1960s and a punk rock group currently playing. ... Surf movies fall into three distinct genres: the surfing documentary - targeting the surfing enthusiast the 1960s beach party films - targeting the broader community and the occasional modern feature film attempting to focus more on the reality of surfing The sporting documentary was pioneered by Bud Browne (e. ... Bruce Brown (born December 1, 1937 in San Francisco, California) is an American documentary film director, known as an early pioneer of the surf film. ... George Greenough is a surfer from Santa Barbara, California who now resides in Byron Bay in N.S.W Australia. ... Albert Falzon (born 1945) is an Australian surf filmmaker, photographer and publisher. ... Nicolas Jack Roeg, born on August 15, 1928 in London, is an internationally-known cinematographer and film director. ... Performance is a British film made in 1968 but not released until (1970). ... Sir Michael Phillip Mick Jagger (born July 26, 1943) is a English rock musician, actor, songwriter, record and film producer and businessman. ... Memo From Turner is a song by English rock and roll band The Rolling Stones. ...


George Greenough's 1972 film Crystal Voyager included a sequence (filmed by Greenough) that was constructed around the extended Pink Floyd track "Echoes". In the early 1970s, Australian musician and filmmaker Chris Lofven made monochrome promotional films. David Bowie's promotional clip for the song The Jean Genie, which was released as single in 1972 at was directed by photographer Mick Rock. The Swedish music group, ABBA, used promotional films throughout the 1970s to promote themselves. Pink Floyd are an English rock band that initially earned recognition for their psychedelic or space rock music, and, as they evolved, for their progressive rock music. ... This article is about the Pink Floyd song. ... David Bowie (pronounced ) (born David Robert Jones on 8 January 1947) is an English musician, actor, producer, arranger, and audio engineer. ... The Jean Genie was a single by David Bowie. ... Queen II album cover Mick Rock is a photographer best known for his iconic shots of 1970s glam rock icons such as Queen, David Bowie, Lou Reed and Iggy Pop. ... Abba redirects here. ...


In 1975 the band Queen ordered Bruce Gowers to make promo video for their new single "Bohemian Rhapsody" to show it in Top Of The Pops. Video itself was nothing special even in mid 70s: it shows band performing the song and contains some very simple visual effects. The video is considered it be the first successful promotional video, and is widely considered to have kick started the music video era. It was also the first video not to be shot on film. Queen are an English rock band formed in 1970 in London by guitarist Brian May, lead vocalist Freddie Mercury, and drummer Roger Taylor, with bass guitarist John Deacon joining the following year. ... Bruce Gowers is an English music video director. ...   is a song written by Freddie Mercury and originally recorded by the band Queen for their 1975 album A Night at the Opera. ... Top of the Pops, also known as TOTP, was a long-running British music chart television programme, made and broadcast by the BBC. It was originally shown each week, mostly on BBC One, from 1 January 1964 to 30 July 2006. ...


1980s

Two key innovations in the development of the modern music video were the development of relatively inexpensive and easy-to-use video recording and editing equipment, and the development of a number of related effects such as chroma-key.[citation needed] The advent of high-quality color videotape recorders and portable video cameras coincided with the DIY ethos of the New Wave era[citation needed], enabling many pop acts to produce promotional videos quickly and cheaply, in comparison to the relatively high costs of using film. However, as the genre developed, music video directors increasingly turned to 35 mm film as the preferred medium, while others mixed film and video. For other uses, see Video (disambiguation). ... This article is about a special video effect. ... The New Wave was a movement in American, Australian and British popular music, in the late 1970s and early 1980s, growing out of the New York City musical scene centered around the club CBGB. The term itself is a source of much confusion. ...


By the mid-1980s releasing a music video to accompany a new single had become customary, and acts such as The Jacksons sought to gain a commercial edge by creating lavish music videos with million dollar budgets; most notable with the video for "Can You Feel It". Queen's "Bohemian Rhapsody" also started a new era for creating promotional clips on video tape rather than on film.[citation needed] Among the first music videos were clips produced by ex-Monkee Michael Nesmith who started making short musical films for Saturday Night Live. In 1981, he released Elephant Parts, the first video album and first winner of a Grammy for music video, directed by William Dear. A further experiment on NBC television called Television Parts was not successful, due to network meddling (notably an intrusive laugh track and corny gags). The cover to the Jackson 5s first LP, Diana Ross Presents the Jackson 5, released on Motown Records in 1969. ... Queen are an English rock band formed in 1970 in London by guitarist Brian May, lead vocalist Freddie Mercury, and drummer Roger Taylor, with bass guitarist John Deacon joining the following year. ...   is a song written by Freddie Mercury and originally recorded by the band Queen for their 1975 album A Night at the Opera. ... The Monkees were a pop-rock quartet created and based in Los Angeles in 1965 for an NBC American television series of the same name. ... Robert Michael Nesmith (b. ... SNL redirects here. ... Elephant Parts was also the name of a British adult humour comic. ... Grammy Award statuette The Grammy Awards, presented by the Recording Academy (an association of Americans professionally involved in the recorded music industry) for outstanding achievements in the recording industry, is one of four major music awards shows held annually in the United States (the Billboard Music Awards, the American Music... This article is about the television network. ... In 1983, NBC aired what they thought would be the future of television, Television Parts. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


The early self-produced music videos by Devo, including the pioneering compilation "The Truth About Devolution", directed by Chuck Statler, were also important (if somewhat subversive[who?]) developments in the evolution of the genre and these Devo video cassette releases were arguably among the first true long-form video productions. Video Concert Hall, created by Jerry Crowe and Charles Henderson, was the first nationwide video music programming on American television, predating MTV by almost three years. The USA Cable Network program Night Flight was one of the first American programs to showcase these videos as an art form. Premiering in June 1981, Night Flight predated MTV's launch by two months. Devo (pronounced DEE-vo or dee-VO, often spelled DEVO or DEV-O) is an American New Wave group formed in Akron, Ohio in 1972. ... Video Concert Hall was an early USA Network television program featuring an unhosted rotation of music videos. ... USA Network is a popular American cable television network with about 89 million household subscribers as of 2005. ... Night Flight was a television program on the USA Network from 1981-1988 which ran for four hours on Friday and Saturday nights then repeated into the wee hours of the morning. ...


Two feature-length films released on the cusp of MTV's first appearance on the dial contributed enormously to the development of the form. The first was 1981's Shock Treatment, a pseudo-sequel/spinoff of The Rocky Horror Picture Show principally written and scored by RHPS creator Richard O'Brien. The film broke stylistic ground by being more focused and less visually ambitious – and thus easier to emulate on a tight budget – than either RHPS or Ken Russel's chaotic 1975 adaptation of The Who's music and storyline from the album Tommy, or even a lower-budget affair like The Ramones' Rock 'n' Roll High School (1979). This is a list of all the videos played on MTVs first day, August 1, 1981: Video Killed the Radio Star by The Buggles You Better Run by Pat Benatar She Wont Dance by Rod Stewart You Better You Bet by The Who Little Susies on the... This article is about the 1981 musical comedy film. ... The Rocky Horror Picture Show is a 1975 musical comedy film that parodies horror films. ... Richard OBrien (born Richard Timothy Smith on March 25, 1942 in Cheltenham, Gloucestershire, England) is an English writer, actor, television presenter and theatre performer. ... The Ramones (L-R, Johnny, Tommy, Joey, Dee Dee) on the cover of their debut self-titled album (1976), cementing their place at the dawn of the punk movement. ... Rock n Roll High School is a 1979 film produced by Roger Corman, directed by Allan Arkush, and featuring The Ramones. ...


Pink Floyd The Wall transformed the group's 1979 concept double-LP of the same title into a confrontational and apocalyptic audio-visual labyrinth of stylized, expressionistic images, sounds, melodies and lyrics. In 1980, New Zealand group Split Enz had major success with the single "I Got You" and the album True Colours, and later that year they joined Blondie in becoming one of the first bands in the world to produce a complete set of promo clips for each song on the album (directed by their percussionist, Noel Crombie) and to market these on video cassette. This was followed a year later by the first American video album, The Completion Backwards Principle, directed by Michael Cotten of The Tubes. Pink Floyd The Wall is a 1982 film by British director Alan Parker based on the 1979 Pink Floyd album The Wall. ... Split Enz was a successful New Zealand band during the late 1970s and the early 1980s featuring brothers Tim Finn and Neil Finn. ... True Colours, the fifth album released by New Zealand band Split Enz, was their first major commercial success. ... Blondie is the name of an American rock band that first gained fame in the late 1970s, and which has sold over 140 million records. ... Noel Crombie, born Geoffrey Noel Crombie (April 17, 1953) was a member of the band Split Enz, fulfilling multiple roles including costume and hair designer, onstage clown, percussion, album cover design, and music video director. ... The Tubes are a San Francisco-based theatre rock band, popular in the late 1970s and early 1980s, known for their live performances that combined lewd quasi-pornography with wild satires of media, consumerism and politics. ...


During the 1980s promotional videos became pretty much de rigueur for most recording artists, a rise which was famously parodied by UK BBC television comedy program Not The Nine O'Clock News who produced a spoof music video; "Nice Video, Shame About The Song". Frank Zappa also parodied the excesses of the genre in his satirical song "Be In My Video". For other uses, see BBC (disambiguation). ... Not the Nine OClock News is a comedy television programme that was shown on the BBC, broadcast from 1979 to 1982. ... Frank Vincent Zappa[1] (December 21, 1940 – December 4, 1993) was an American composer, musician, and film director. ...


In the early to mid 1980s, artists started to use more sophisticated effects in their videos, and added a storyline or plot to the music video. A non-representational music video is one in which the musical artist is never shown. Because music videos are mainly intended to promote the artist, such videos are rare; two early 1980s examples, however, are Bruce Springsteen's Atlantic City directed by Arnold Levine and David Mallet's video for David Bowie/Queen's Under Pressure. Springsteen redirects here. ... Atlantic City is a song written and recorded by rock musician Bruce Springsteen, which first appeared on Springsteens 1982 solo guitar album Nebraska, which is generally considered one of Springsteens darker albums musically. ... David Mallet is a director particularly noted for his work on music videos, including David Bowies innovative Ashes to Ashes. ... David Bowie (pronounced ) (born David Robert Jones on 8 January 1947) is an English musician, actor, producer, arranger, and audio engineer. ... Queen are an English rock band formed in 1970 in London by guitarist Brian May, lead vocalist Freddie Mercury, and drummer Roger Taylor, with bass guitarist John Deacon joining the following year. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Billboard credits[citation needed] the independently-produced Video Concert Hall as being the first with nationwide video music programming on American television. Billboard can refer to: Billboard magazine Billboard (advertising) Billboard antenna In 3D computer graphics, to billboard is to rotate an object so that it faces the viewer. ... Video Concert Hall was an early USA Network television program featuring an unhosted rotation of music videos. ...


1981: MTV

In 1981, the U.S. video channel MTV launched, airing "Video Killed the Radio Star" and beginning an era of 24-hour-a-day music on television. With this new outlet for material, the music video would, by the mid-1980s, grow to play a central role in popular music marketing. Many important acts of this period, most notably Adam & the Ants, Madonna and Mylène Farmer, owed a great deal of their success to the skillful construction and seductive appeal of their videos. Some academics[who?] have compared music video to silent film, and it is suggested that stars like Madonna have (often quite deliberately) constructed an image that in many ways echoes the image of the great stars of the silent era such as Greta Garbo. But the music video which would arguably make the biggest impact on the music video industry was the music video for Michael Jackson's song Thriller.[5] For other uses of terms redirecting here, see US (disambiguation), USA (disambiguation), and United States (disambiguation) Motto In God We Trust(since 1956) (From Many, One; Latin, traditional) Anthem The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City National language English (de facto)1 Demonym American... This article is about the original U.S. music television channel. ... Video Killed the Radio Star is a New Wave song released in 1979 by the British group Buggles that celebrates the golden days of radio. ... Adam and the Ants were a new wave band during the late 1970s and early 1980s. ... This article is about the American entertainer. ... Mylène Farmer (French IPA: ) (September 12, 1961), born Mylène Jeanne Gautier,[1] is a Canadian-born French singer and songwriter. ... A silent film is a film which has no accompanying soundtrack. ... Greta Garbo (September 18, 1905 – April 15, 1990) was a Swedish-born actress during Hollywoods silent film period and part of its Golden Age. ... Look up Thriller in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


In 1986, Peter Gabriel's song "Sledgehammer" used special effects and animation techniques developed by British studio Aardman Animation. The video for Sledgehammer would go on to be a phenomenal success[6] and won nine MTV Video Music Awards. It placed at #1 on Rolling Stone magazine's list of the "Top 100 Music Videos" in 1993, and placing #4 on a similar list from MTV in 1999. Peter Brian Gabriel (born 13 February 1950, in Cobham,[1] Surrey, England) is an English musician. ... Sledgehammer is a hit song by Peter Gabriel from his 1986 album So. ... Aardman Animations is a British stop motion animation studio founded by Peter Lord and David Sproxton in 1972. ... This article is about the magazine. ... This article is about the original U.S. music television channel. ...


Influential TV shows

Top of the Pops

In the UK the importance of Top of the Pops to promote a single created an environment of innovation and competition amongst bands and record labels as the show's producers placed strict limits on the number of videos it would use. Therefore a good video would increase a song's sales as viewers hoped to see it again the following week. David Bowie scored his first UK number one in nearly a decade thanks to director David Mallet's eye catching promo for "Ashes to Ashes". Another act to succeed from this tactic was Madness, who shot on 16 mm and 35 mm short micro-comedic films. Top of the Pops, also known as TOTP, was a long-running British music chart television programme, made and broadcast by the BBC. It was originally shown each week, mostly on BBC One, from 1 January 1964 to 30 July 2006. ... David Mallet is a director particularly noted for his work on music videos, including David Bowies innovative Ashes to Ashes. ... Scary Monsters (and Super Creeps) track listing Scary Monsters (and Super Creeps) (3) Ashes to Ashes (4) Fashion (5) Ashes to Ashes is a single by David Bowie, released in 1980. ... Madness are a British pop/ska band from Camden Town, London, that formed in 1976. ...


Top of the Pops was censorous in its approach to video content, so another method was for an act to produce a promo that would be banned or edited. It would then use the resulting public controversy to promote the release. Early examples of this tactic were Duran Duran's "Girls on Film" and Frankie Goes to Hollywood with "Relax", directed by Bernard Rose. Duran Duran are an English rock band notable for a long series of popular singles and vivid music videos. ... Frankie Goes to Hollywood (FGTH) was a UK dance-pop band that was extremely popular in the mid 1980s. ...


The Chart Show

Another important development in music videos was the launch of The Chart Show on the UK's Channel 4 in 1986. This was a program which consisted entirely of music videos (the only outlet many videos had on British TV at the time), without presenters. Instead, the videos were linked by then state of the art computer graphics. The show moved to ITV in 1989, and was axed in 1998. By this time the program's use had largely been supplanted by satellite and cable music channels with increasing numbers of people having access to such channels, and the launch of Digital Television occurring around the same time (Ironically, digital television would lead to the rebirth of The Chart Show in 2002 as a digital music channel, Chart Show TV). The Chart Show (also known as the ITV Chart Show) was an hour-long music video programme which ran in the UK on Channel 4 between 1986 and 1988, then on ITV between 1989 and 1998. ... This article is about the British television station. ... This article is about the scientific discipline of computer graphics. ... For other uses, see ITV (disambiguation). ... Digital television (DTV) refers to the sending and receiving of moving images and sound by means of discrete (digital) signals, in contrast to the analog signals used by analog TV. Introduced in the late 1990s, this technology appealed to the television broadcasting business and consumer electronics industries as offering new... Chart Show TV is a British music television channel owned and operated by CSC Media Group (formerly Chart Show Channels). ...


Countdown

Although little acknowledged outside Australia, it is arguable that the 1970s–1980s Australian TV pop show Countdown — and to a lesser extent its commercial competitors Sounds and Nightmoves — were important precursors to MTV. Countdown was a long-running popular weekly Australian music television show broadcast by the Australian Broadcasting Corporation from late 1974 until July 19, 1987. ... Sounds was a popular Australian television series featuring pop and rock music. ...


Countdown, which was based on Top of the Pops, was successful in Australia and other countries quickly followed the format. At its highpoint during most of the 1980s it was to be aired in 22 countries including TV Europe. In 1978 the Dutch TV-broadcasting company Veronica started its own version of Countdown, which during the 1980s featured Adam Curry as its best known presenter. The program gained international significance in the recording industry in the late 1970s and early 1980s. Produced on a shoestring by the government-owned ABC national TV network, its low budget, and Australia's distance proved to be influential factors in the show's early preference for music video. The relative rarity of visits by international artists to Australia and the availability of high-quality, free promotional films meant that Countdown soon came to rely heavily on music videos in order to feature such performers. This article is about the video jockey. ... The Australian Broadcasting Corporation or ABC is Australias national non-profit public broadcaster. ...


The show's talent coordinator, Ian "Molly" Meldrum, and his producers realized that these music videos were becoming an important new commodity in music marketing. For the first time, pre-produced music videos gave TV the opportunity to present pop music in a format that rivaled or even exceeded the impact of radio airplay, and it was soon apparent that Countdown could single-handedly break new pop acts and new songs by established artists — a role that up until then been the exclusive preserve of radio. From video The Ultimate Kylie 2004 Ian Molly Meldrum (born January 29, 1946) is a popular Australian popular music critic, journalist, record producer, and musical entrepreneur, best known as talent co-ordinator, on-air interviewer and music news presenter on the seminal popular music program Countdown. ...


Although Countdown continued to rely heavily on studio appearances by local and visiting acts, competing shows like Sounds lacked the resources to present regular studio performances, so they were soon using music videos almost exclusively. As the 1980s progressed, the ability to use music videos to give bands the best possible presentation saw record companies making more, and more lavish, promotional videos.


Realising the potential of music video, Countdown negotiated a controversial deal with local record labels, giving them first refusal and a period of exclusive use for any new video that came into the country, and with its nationwide reach and huge audience, the show was able to use music videos to break a number of important new local and overseas acts, notably ABBA, Queen, Meat Loaf, Blondie, Devo, Cyndi Lauper and Madonna. This early success in Australia in turn enabled these acts to gain airplay and TV exposure and score breakthrough hits in their home countries. Abba redirects here. ... Queen are an English rock band formed in 1970 in London by guitarist Brian May, lead vocalist Freddie Mercury, and drummer Roger Taylor, with bass guitarist John Deacon joining the following year. ... This article is about the singer. ... Blondie is the name of an American rock band that first gained fame in the late 1970s, and which has sold over 140 million records. ... Devo (pronounced DEE-vo or dee-VO, often spelled DEVO or DEV-O) is an American New Wave group formed in Akron, Ohio in 1972. ... Cynthia Ann Stephanie Cyndi Lauper (born June 22, 1953) is an American Grammy Award-winning singer, songwriter, and MTV VMA-winning video and Emmy Award-winning film, television and Theater actress. ... This article is about the American entertainer. ...


Directors and creative rights

Since December 1992, when MTV began listing directors with the artist and song credits, music videos have increasingly become an auteur's medium. Few if any filmmakers train specifically to make music videos, and very few can afford to make them exclusively. Most split their time between videos and other film projects. Music video directors - who generally conceive, write, and direct their videos - currently receive no authorship, creative rights, profit participation or residual income from DVDs, iTunes, and other new media on which their work may appear. The term auteur (French for author) is used to describe film directors (or, more rarely, producers or writers) who are considered to have a distinctive, recognizable vision, because they (a) repeatedly return to the same subject matter, (b) habitually address a particular psychological or moral theme, (c) employ a recurring... DVD (also known as Digital Versatile Disc or Digital Video Disc - see Etymology) is a popular optical disc storage media format. ...


However, those features of the industry that tend to make music video direction a less-than-lucrative profession, have also made the medium an exciting art-form, one defined by the cross-pollination of ideas and approaches from various disciplines. Music video directors, like most filmmakers in general, emerge from disparate backgrounds, and don't share much in the way of common thinking or set-in-stone pedagogy, bringing to the field a diversity of experience. Cross pollination is a form of pollination in which pollen from one plant pollinates another. ... The film director, on the right, gives last minute direction to the cast and crew, whilst filming a costume drama on location in London. ...


Censorship

As the concept and medium of a music video is a form of artistic expression, artists have been on many occasions censored if their content is deemed offensive. What may be considered offensive will differ in countries due to censorship laws and local customs and ethics. In most cases, the record label will provide and distribute videos edited or provide both censored and uncensored videos for an artist. In some cases, it has been known for music videos to be banned in their entirety as they have been deemed far too offensive to be broadcast.


The first video to be rejected by Music Television was "Girls on Film" by Duran Duran in 1981 because it contained full frontal nudity; it was also rejected by the BBC. In 1989, Cher's "If I Could Turn Back Time" video (where the singer performs the song in an extremely revealing body suit surrounded by a ship full of cheering sailors) was restricted to late-night broadcasts on MTV. The MTV logotype, often used in different, less stylized, forms. ... Girls On Film is the second single from the New Wave band, Duran Duran. ... Duran Duran are an English rock band notable for a long series of popular singles and vivid music videos. ... For other uses, see BBC (disambiguation). ... This article is about the entertainer. ... If I Could Turn Back Time is a song written by Diane Warren and was used as the second North American and first European single release from American singer/actress Chers 20th album Heart of Stone. ...


In 1983, Entertainment Tonight ran a segment on censorship and "Rock Video Violence."[7] The episode explored the impact of MTV rock video violence on the youth of the early 1980s. Excerpts from the music videos of Michael Jackson, Duran Duran, Kiss, Kansas, Billy Idol, Def Leppard, Pat Benatar and the Rolling Stones were shown. Dr. Thomas Radecki of the National Coalition on TV Violence was interviewed accusing the fledgling rock video business of excessive violence. Night Tracks producer Tom Lynch weighed in on the effects of the video violence controversy. Recording artists John Cougar Mellencamp, Gene Simmons and Paul Stanley of Kiss, along with directors Dominic Orlando and Julien Temple, provided a defense of their work. The episode's conclusion was that the controversy will continue to grow. Entertainment Tonight is a daily television entertainment news show that is syndicated by CBS Paramount Domestic Television throughout the United States, Canada, on the Nine Network in Australia and on UBC Inside in Thailand. ... This article is about the original U.S. music television channel. ... For other persons named Michael Jackson, see Michael Jackson (disambiguation). ... Duran Duran are an English rock band notable for a long series of popular singles and vivid music videos. ... Kiss is an American rock band formed in New York City in January 1973. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Billy Idol (born William Michael Albert Broad) is a British hard rock singer-songwriter and musician. ... Def Leppard are an English hard rock band from Sheffield who formed in 1977 as part of the New Wave of British Heavy Metal movement. ... Pat Benatar (born Patricia Mae Andrzejewski on 10 January 1953) is an influential, four-time Grammy Award-winning US rock singer who has recorded several million- and multimillion-selling albums and singles. ... This article is about the rock band. ... Night Tracks was an American television series which ran from 1983 to 1992 on WTBS (later known as TBS) on late night weekends. ... John Mellencamp (born October 7, 1951 in Seymour, Indiana) is an American singer and songwriter, known for a long and successful recording and performing career highlighted by a series of 1980s hits, including Jack and Diane, and by his role in the Farm Aid charity event. ... Chaim Witz (חיים וויץ), (born August 25, 1949 in Haifa, Israel), better known by his stage name Gene Simmons, is an Israeli-American hard rock bass guitarist and vocalist. ... This article is about the metal musician. ... Julien Temple (born November 26, 1953 in London) is an English film, documentary and music video director. ...


In 1991 the dance segment of Michael Jackson's "Black or White" was cut because it showed Michael Jackson "inappropriately" touching himself in it. Michael Jackson's most controversial video, "They Don't Care About Us" was banned from MTV, VH1, and BBC because of the alleged anti-Semitic message in the song and the visuals in the background of the "Prison Version" of the video.[citation needed] For other persons named Michael Jackson, see Michael Jackson (disambiguation). ... Black or White was the first single taken from Michael Jacksons album Dangerous, released in November 1991. ... Michael Jacksons Visionary chronology Earth Song (2006) They Dont Care About Us (2006) Stranger in Moscow (2006) HIStory track listing They Dont Care About Us was the third U.S. single and fourth European single released from American rock and R&B singer-songwriter Michael Jacksons... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ...


Madonna is the artist most associated with music video censorship. The controversy surrounding her marketing of sexuality began with the video for "Lucky Star", and amplified over time due to clips such as "Like a Virgin". Outcry occurred over the subject matter discussed in "Papa Don't Preach", although the video is tastefully done.[citation needed] "Like a Prayer" courted heavy criticism due to its religious, sexual, and racially-oriented imagery. This article is about the American entertainer. ... Madonna track listing Lucky Star (1) Borderline (2) The Immaculate Collection track listing Holiday (1) Lucky Star (2) Borderline (3) Alternate covers Second (and most common) cover of the UK 7 release of Lucky Star Original cover of the UK Lucky Star single, the 7 of which is one of... Like a Virgin is the second studio album by singer Madonna. ... True Blue track listing The Immaculate Collection track listing Papa Dont Preach is the second single by American singer-songwriter Madonna from her 3rd studio album True Blue and was released on June 11, 1986 by Sire Records. ... This article is about the album. ...


In 1990, Madonna's music video for the song "Justify My Love" was banned by MTV due to its depiction of sadomasochism, homosexuality, cross-dressing, and group sex, generating a media firestorm. The debate over the banning of "Justify My Love" by the Canadian music video network MuchMusic led to the launching in 1991 of Too Much 4 Much, a series of occasional, late-night specials (still being aired in the early 2000s) in which videos officially banned by MuchMusic were broadcast, followed by panel discussion regarding why they were removed. The Immaculate Collection track listing Vogue (15) Justify My Love (16) Rescue Me (17) Audio sample Justify My Love is a single released by Madonna in 1990. ... Flogging demonstration at Folsom Street Fair 2004. ... Homosexuality refers to sexual interaction and / or romantic attraction between individuals of the same sex. ... This articles is about cross-dressing in general, that is the act of wearing the clothing of another gender for any reason. ... Peter Fendi, 1835 Carvings at Khajuraho, an ancient Hindu Temple near Delhi, India This content has an uncertain copyright status and is pending deletion. ... MuchMusic (often referred to only as Much) is a Canadian English language cable television specialty channel owned by CTV Limited; a division of CTVglobemedia dedicated to music, music-related programs and youth culture. ... Too Much 4 Much was a Canadian television series, which aired on MuchMusic. ...


Madonna's video for "Erotica" was aired only three times (each time after midnight) due to its sexual depictions of sadomasochism. More recently, Madonna's "What It Feels Like for a Girl" was banned in 2001 due to its graphic depiction of violence. She also pulled her "American Life" video because of its controversial military imagery that seemed inappropriate once the War in Iraq began; subsequently, a new video was made for the song. This article is about the song. ... Flogging demonstration at Folsom Street Fair 2004. ... Music track listing GHV2 track listing What It Feels Like for a Girl is a song by American singer Madonna from her 2000 album Music. ... Audio sample Info (help· info) American Life is a pop song written by American singer-songwriter Madonna and Mirwais Ahmadzaï for Madonnas ninth studio album American Life (2003). ... This article is about the 2003 invasion of Iraq. ...


Prodigy's video for "Smack My Bitch Up" was banned in some countries[specify] due to depictions of drug use and nudity. The Prodigy's video for "Firestarter" was banned by the BBC because of its references to arson. Thursday's video for "War All the Time" was banned by MTV because of its supposedly controversial nature. This article is about the English band. ... Smack My Bitch Up was the thirteenth single released by the British electronica/rave/rock band The Prodigy on November 7, 1997. ... Firestarter was the eleventh single released by the English band The Prodigy on March 18, 1996. ... For other uses, see BBC (disambiguation). ... Thursday is an American rock band from New Brunswick, New Jersey that has released four full-length albums. ... War All The Time is the second single and title track from War All The Time. ... This article is about the original U.S. music television channel. ...


As of 2005[citation needed], the Egyptian state censorship committee has banned at least 20 music videos which featured sexual connotations due to Muslim moral viewpoints. The Sex Pistols' video for "God Save the Queen" was banned by the BBC for calling the United Kingdom a fascist regime. In 2004, many family groups and politicians lobbied for the banning of the Eric Prydz video "Call on Me" for containing women dancing in an sexually suggestive way, however, the video was not banned. At some point in the past, the video for "(s)AINT" by Marilyn Manson was banned by that artist's label due to its violence and sexual content. In 2008, Justice's video for their song Stress was boycotted by several major music television channels due to allegations of racism and violence; the video depicts several youths committing various crimes throughout the streets of Paris, with the youths mainly being of North African and Algerian descent. [8] The Sex Pistols in 1977. ... God Save the Queen (B-side Did You No Wrong) was the second single released by the punk rock band Sex Pistols. ... For other uses, see BBC (disambiguation). ... Fascism is a term used to describe authoritarian nationalist political ideologies or mass movements that are concerned with notions of cultural decline or decadence. ... Eric Prydz (born 19 July 1976 ) in Täby, Stockholm, Sweden) is a Swedish DJ and producer best known for his 2004 hit single Call on Me, a remake of Steve Winwoods hit Valerie, which topped the UK singles charts for five weeks. ... Call on Me is a song performed by Swedish DJ and producer Eric Prydz. ... (s)AINT is a song written by Marilyn Manson in 2003 for the album The Golden Age of Grotesque. ... Marilyn Manson is an American metal band based in Los Angeles, California. ... Justice is a French electronic music duo consisting of Gaspard Augé (b. ... This article is about the capital of France. ... Categories: Africa geography stubs | North Africa ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ...


Internet

The earliest purveyors of music videos on the internet were members of IRC-based groups[citation needed], who recorded them as they appeared on television, then digitised them, exchanging the .mpg files via IRC channels. As broadband Internet access has become available more widely, various initiatives have been made to capitalise on the continued interest in music videos. MTV itself now provides streams of artists' music videos, while AOL's recently launched AOL Music features a vast collection of advertising supported streaming videos. The internet has become the primary growth income market for Record Company produced music videos.[citation needed] At its launch, Apple's iTunes Store provided a section of free music videos in high quality compression to be watched via the iTunes application. More recently the iTunes Store has begun selling music videos for use on Apple's iPod with video playback capability. This article is about Internet Relay Chat. ... The Moving Picture Experts Group or MPEG is a working group of ISO/IEC charged with the development of video and audio encoding standards. ... A WildBlue Satellite Internet dish. ... For other uses, see AOL (disambiguation). ... Apple Inc. ... The iTunes Store is an online business run by Apple Inc. ... iPod is a brand of portable media players designed and marketed by Apple Inc. ...


Another new phenomenon, deriving from the popularity of blogging, is the use of so-called music video "codes", lines of HTML code including links to music videos that the individual can simply copy and paste into their blog in order to feature a given video streaming on it. YouTube, Google Video, IFilm and MySpace have become primary venues for viewing videos. To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... HTML, an initialism of HyperText Markup Language, is the predominant markup language for web pages. ... Streaming media is multimedia that is continuously received by, and normally displayed to, the end-user while it is being delivered by the provider. ... YouTube is a popular video sharing website where users can upload, view and share video clips. ... Google Video logo Google Video is a free video sharing and video search engine service from Google that allows anyone to upload video clips to Googles web servers as well as make their own media available free of charge; some videos are also offered for sale through the Google... iFilm is an online archive of short films, movie trailers, and other video clips of interest. ... MySpace is a social networking website offering an interactive, user-submitted network of friends, personal profiles, blogs, groups, photos, music, and videos. ...


In 2007 the RIAA issued cease-and-desist letters to YouTube users to prevent single users from sharing videos, which are the property of the music labels. After its merger with Google, YouTube assured the RIAA that they would find a way to pay royalties through a bulk agreement with the major record labels.[citation needed] This was complicated by the fact that not all labels share the same policy toward music videos. Some welcome the development and upload music videos to various online outlets themselves, viewing the music videos as free advertising for their catalog artists. Other labels view music videos not as an advertisement, but as the product itself. The RIAA Logo. ... This article is about the corporation. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... // Advert redirects here. ...


Unofficial music videos

Unofficial, fan-made music videos ("bootleg" tapes) are typically made by synchronizing existing footage from other sources, such as television series or movies, with the song. The first known fan video, or songvid, was created by Kandy Fong in 1975 using still images from Star Trek loaded into a slide carousel and played in conjunction with a song. Fan videos made using videocassette recorders soon followed. [9] With the advent of easy distribution over the internet and cheap video-editing software, fan-created videos began to gain wider notice in the late 1990s. A songvid is a music video that edits clips from a favorite TV show, anime series or movie to a song. ... The videocassette recorder (or VCR, more commonly known in the UK and Ireland as the video recorder), is a type of video tape recorder that uses removable videotape cassettes containing magnetic tape to record audio and video from a television broadcast so it can be played back later. ...


Such videos are sometimes known as OPV, Original Promotional Videos (or sometimes Other People's Videos). In the case of anime music videos, the source material is drawn from Japanese anime or from American animation series. Since neither the music nor the film footage is typically licensed, distributing these videos is usually copyright infringement on both counts. Singular examples of unofficial videos include one made for Danger Mouse's illegal mash-up of the Jay-Z track "Encore" with music sampled from The Beatles' White Album, in which concert footage of The Beatles is remixed with footage of Jay-Z and rap dancers, as well as a recent politically charged video by Franklin Lopez of subMedia[citation needed], cut from television footage of the Katrina aftermath, set to an unofficial remix of Kanye West's "Gold Digger", inspired by the rap-artist's comment "George Bush doesn't care about black people." Fans gave P!nk an unofficial music video for the song "Dear Mr. President" (in which she criticizes George W. Bush's administration), since she stated that will not be released as an official single from her I'm Not Dead album.[citation needed] An anime music video (abbreviated AMV) is a music video consisting of clips from one or more anime series or movies set to songs; the term usually refers to fan-made unofficial videos. ... Animé redirects here. ... The Cathach of St. ... This article is about the music producer. ... The tone or style of this article or section may not be appropriate for Wikipedia. ... Jay-Z (aka the Jigga, HOV and Hova, born Shawn Carter on December 4, 1970 in Brooklyn, New York) is an African American rapper/hip hop artist and record label executive; one of the most popular and successful rappers of the late 1990s and early 2000s. ... This article is about the Atlantic hurricane of 2005. ... Kanye Omari West (pronounced /kɑnjɛj/) (born June 8, 1977) is an American record producer and rapper who rose to fame in the mid 2000s. ... George Walker Bush (born July 6, 1946) is the forty-third and current President of the United States of America, originally inaugurated on January 20, 2001. ... Alecia Moore (born September 8, 1979), better known by her stage name Pink (also written as P!nk), is a Grammy Award-winning American singer-songwriter who first gained prominence in North America in early January of 2000. ... Dear Mr. ... George Walker Bush (born July 6, 1946) is the forty-third and current President of the United States of America, originally inaugurated on January 20, 2001. ... Singles from Im Not Dead Released: February 2006 Released: May 2006 Released: August 2006 Released: November 2006 Released: December 2006 Released: March 2007 Released: October 2007 Alternate covers Australian Tour Edition cover Platinum Edition cover Im Not Dead is the fourth album by pop singer Pink, released in...


In 2007 a new form of lip sync-based music video called lip dub became popular in which a group of people are filmed lip singing in a seemingly random spot then dubbing over it in post editing with the original audio of the song. These videos have the feeling of being spontaneous and authentic and are spread virally through mass participatory video sites like YouTube. Lip synchronization is the synchronization of audio signals (sometimes with corresponding video signals) so that there is no noticeable lack of simultaneity between them. ... A Lip dub is a type of video that combines lip syncing and audio dubbing to make a music video. ... YouTube is a popular video sharing website where users can upload, view and share video clips. ...


Timeline

  • 1941: A new invention hits clubs and bars in the USA: The Panoram Soundie is a jukebox that plays short videoclips along with the music.
  • 1956: Hollywood discovers the genre of music-centered films. A wave of rock'n'roll films begins (Rock Around the Clock, Don't Knock the Rock, Shake, Rattle and Rock, Rock Pretty Baby, The Girl Can't Help It, and the famous Elvis Presley movies). Some of these films integrate musical performances into a story, others are simply revues.
  • 1960: In France a re-invention of the Soundie, the Scopitone, gains limited success.
  • 1961: Ricky Nelson's Travelin' Man video is shown on television.
  • 1962: British Television invents a new form of music television. Shows like Top Of The Pops, Ready! Steady! Go! and Oh, Boy start as band vehicles and become huge hits.
  • 1964: The US-Television market adapts the format. Hullabaloo is one of the first US shows of this kind, followed by Shindig! (NBC) and American Bandstand; The Beatles star in A Hard Day's Night
  • 1965: Bob Dylan films Subterranean Homesick Blues as a segment for D. A. Pennebaker's film, Dont Look Back, with two alternate takes.
  • 1966: The first conceptual promos are aired, for the Beatles' "Paperback Writer" and "Rain". Early in 1967, even more ambitious videos are released for "Penny Lane" and "Strawberry Fields Forever".
  • 1968: The Rolling Stones collaborate with Jean-Luc Godard on Sympathy for the Devil
  • 1970: The record industry discovers these TV-Shows as a great opportunity to promote their artists. They focus on producing short "Promos", early music videos which started to replace the live performance of the artist on the TV-stage. Also, the Atlanta-produced Now Explosion starts a 26-week run in syndication.
  • 1973: The first of forty-six different Schoolhouse Rock music videos begin airing during Saturday morning cartoons on ABC.
  • 1974: ABBA pioneer the use of "Promos" with their clips, directed by Lasse Hallström. These contain innovative effects, camera angles, and a less static look than is the norm at the time. The band continue using such videos throughout the 1970s.
  • 1975: "Bohemian Rhapsody", a groundbreaking video released by Queen, marks the beginning of the video era and sets the language for the modern music video. The video is considered one of the first to use advanced visual effects.
  • 1979: Devo releases "The Day My Baby Gave Me a Surprise", which is the first music video to include computer animation, as well as traditional animation.
    • Another 1979 video with computer animation is "Computer Games", by New Zealand band MiSex.
  • 1980: "Ashes to Ashes", considered a groundbreaking video, is released by David Bowie.
  • 1981: MTV, the first 24-hour satellite music channel, launches in August. Initially few cable TV operators carry it, but it rapidly becomes a major hit and cultural icon.
    • "Shock Treatment" is released in theatres.
  • 1981: Michael Nesmith wins the first ever music video Grammy, for Elephant Parts.
  • 1983: Night Tracks debuts on Superstation WTBS (later known as TBS) with up to 14 hours of music videos each weekend by 1985. This allows nearly all U.S. households with Cable TV to view music videos regularly, as MTV still isn't widely available at this point in time compared to WTBS.
  • 1983: Friday Night Videos debuts on the NBC television network, allowing nearly all U.S. households to view music videos regularly. Michael Jackson's Billie Jean video is released on TV, and for the first time a black artist's video is featured in heavy rotation on MTV with the video for his Beat It hit single.
  • 1984: Laura Branigan's video for her hit song "Self Control" is refused airplay by MTV, who demand certain cuts be made to remove content they find objectionable.
  • 1984: Prince releases Purple Rain, a cheesy and low-rated movie, but its soundtrack is nominated for an Oscar. But it is successful, selling 15 million copies.
  • 1984: Michael Jackson's short film Thriller is released, changing the concept of music videos forever. The Making of Thriller home video is also released in 1984. It is the first ever video about the making of a music video and it becomes the best selling VHS to date.
  • 1985: a-ha find instant stardom with their hit song "Take On Me", significantly due to heavy rotation play of the song's video, which features a combination of live action and rotoscoping animation. The groundbreaking video wins several awards and is consistently rated as one of the best for decades to come.
  • 1985: Madonna's video for her hit single "Material Girl" is released. It is largely based on Marilyn Monroe's performance of "Diamonds Are a Girl's Best Friend" in the film Gentlemen Prefer Blondes A huge storm of interest explodes for the video. The video is considered one of the most memorable and always comes up in "The Best Videos" lists.
  • 1986: "Sledgehammer", the groundbreaking video from Peter Gabriel, furthers the revival of animation in music video, utilizing stop-motion photography and winning several awards.
  • 1989: MTV renames its "Video Vanguard Award" the "Michael Jackson Vanguard Award" in honor of the pop star's contributions to the art of music video.
  • 1989: Madonna's controversial video for "Like a Prayer" is released.
  • 1990: MTV bans Madonna's Justify My Love video. It is released as a video single, the first of its kind.
  • 1991: Nirvana release the "Smells Like Teen Spirit" video, catapulting Kurt Cobain - and the grunge genre - into the American and Worldwide mainstream.
    • First use of the now-familiar morphing special effect in a music video, with Michael Jackson's "Black or White" (directed by John Landis), from his album Dangerous.
  • 1992: MTV begins to credit music video directors.
  • 1995: Release of the most expensive music video ever "Scream", from Michael Jackson's HIStory album, a duet with his sister Janet.
  • 1996: Pop-up Video is first aired on VH1.
  • 1996: M2 is launched as a 24-hour music video channel, as MTV has largely replaced videos with other content.
  • 1999: M2 is renamed to MTV2.
    • Making the Video, a series chronicling the production of a music video, premieres on MTV.
  • 2001: Bjork releases the video for Pagan Poetry which was controversial for its depictions of sexual acts and body piercings.
  • 2002: MTV Hits is launched, as MTV2 is gradually showing fewer music videos (now virtually non-existent on MTV).
  • 2005: Grandaddy fan Stewart Smith releases unofficial "Jed's Other Poem" music video online along with the source code that created it. It is the first open source music video and is later sanctioned by Grandaddy's label, V2 Records.
  • 2007: Musicbox (URL: musicbox.sonybmg.com) is launched by Sony BMG. This online portal signifies the first free streaming effort owned and operated by a major label.
  • 2007: The Music video "Girlfriend" by Avril Lavigne, becomes the all-time most-viewed video on the internet.
  • 2008: The first 3D video ever is made by Dave Meyers and Missy Elliott for her single Ching-a-Ling / Bjork also makes one for Wanderlust.

Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... A Zodiac jukebox A jukebox is a partially automated music-playing device, usually a coin-operated machine, that can play specially selected songs from self-contained media. ... Dancers Earl Barton and Lisa Gaye take the stage in Rock Around the Clock as Bill Haley and His Comets play in the background. ... Dont Knock the Rock was a 1956 rock and roll film starring Alan Dale as a rock star who returns to his hometown to rest up for the summer only to find that rock and roll has been banned there by disapproving adults. ... Shake Rattle and Rock! was a 1994 film that stared Oscar winner Renée Zellweger, as well as Howie Mandel and members of the Grammy-nominated R&B band For Real. ... The Girl Cant Help It is a 1956 comedy, musical film, starring Jayne Mansfield, Tom Ewell, and Edmond OBrien. ... Elvis redirects here. ... Scopitone is a type of jukebox featuring a 16 mm film component. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Traveling man was a number-one Billboard Hot 100 song in 1961 by Ricky Nelson. ... Top of the Pops, also known as TOTP, was a long-running British music chart television programme, made and broadcast by the BBC. It was originally shown each week, mostly on BBC One, from 1 January 1964 to 30 July 2006. ... Ready Steady Go! or simply RSG! was one of the UKs first rock/pop music TV programmes. ... A Hard Days Night (1964) is a British comedy film originally released by United Artists, written by Alun Owen and starring The Beatles during the height of Beatlemania. ... This article is about the recording artist. ... Subterranean Homesick Blues is a song written by Bob Dylan, originally released on the album Bringing It All Back Home in March 1965. ... D.A. Pennebaker is a documentary filmmaker. ... Dont Look Back (sic) is a 1967 documentary film by D.A. Pennebaker that covers Bob Dylans 1965 concert tour of England. ... {{Infobox Single | Name = Paperback Writer | Cover = Paperrain. ... Rain is a song by The Beatles, first released in 1966. ... Music sample Penny Lane ( file info) Problems? See media help. ... Music sample Strawberry Fields Forever Problems? See media help. ... Rolling Stones redirects here. ... Jean-Luc Godard (French IPA: ) (born 3 December 1930) is a French filmmaker and one of the most influential members of the Nouvelle Vague, or French New Wave. Born to Franco-Swiss parents in Paris, he was educated in Nyon, Switzerland, later studying at the Lycée Rohmer, and the... Sympathy for the Devil (titled One Plus One in its European release) was a 1968 film shot mostly in color by director Jean-Luc Godard. ... This article is about the state capital of Georgia. ... The Now Explosion was an early experiment in music video produced in Atlanta, Georgia in 1970. ... Schoolhouse Rock! is a series of 46 educational shorts featuring rock songs about schoolroom topics, including grammar, science, economics and American history and politics. ... Saturday morning cartoon is the colloquial term for the animated television programming which was typically scheduled on Saturday mornings on the major American television networks from the 1960s to the 1990s. ... The American Broadcasting Company (ABC) is an American television network. ... Lars Sven (Lasse) Hallström (born 2 June 1946 in Stockholm) is a Swedish film director. ...   is a song written by Freddie Mercury and originally recorded by the band Queen for their 1975 album A Night at the Opera. ... Queen are an English rock band formed in 1970 in London by guitarist Brian May, lead vocalist Freddie Mercury, and drummer Roger Taylor, with bass guitarist John Deacon joining the following year. ... Tommy is a given name that is the English diminutive of Thomas and could refer to: Tommy Atkins, nickname for a British soldier Thompson submachine gun, also known as the Tommy Gun Tommy (rock opera), by The Who Tommy (film), based on the rock opera Tommy (comics) is a former... The Who are an English rock band that formed in 1964. ... The Whos Tommy, the first album explicitly billed as a rock opera A rock opera is a rock music album or stage production that resembles the form of an opera. ... Devo (pronounced DEE-vo or dee-VO, often spelled DEVO or DEV-O) is an American New Wave group formed in Akron, Ohio in 1972. ... Mi-Sex was a New Zealand and Australian new wave rock band active from 1978 to 1985. ... Scary Monsters (and Super Creeps) track listing Scary Monsters (and Super Creeps) (3) Ashes to Ashes (4) Fashion (5) Ashes to Ashes is a single by David Bowie, released in 1980. ... David Bowie (pronounced ) (born David Robert Jones on 8 January 1947) is an English musician, actor, producer, arranger, and audio engineer. ... This article is about the original U.S. music television channel. ... Cable TV redirects here. ... Robert Michael Nesmith (b. ... Elephant Parts was also the name of a British adult humour comic. ... Pink Floyd The Wall is a 1982 film by British director Alan Parker based on the 1979 Pink Floyd album The Wall. ... Night Tracks was an American television series which ran from 1983 to 1992 on WTBS (later known as TBS) on late night weekends. ... WTBS is an American TV station, broadcast on channel 17 (DTV channel 20) in the Atlanta, Georgia metropolitan area. ... This article is about the U.S. television network. ... WTBS is an American TV station, broadcast on channel 17 (DTV channel 20) in the Atlanta, Georgia metropolitan area. ... Friday Night Videos is a music video show broadcast on the American NBC television network from July 29, 1983 to May 24, 2002, and was considered network television’s answer to MTV. // In the beginning, MTV was still a phenomenon that very few people actually could see in their homes... For other persons named Michael Jackson, see Michael Jackson (disambiguation). ... Laura Branigan (July 3, 1957 – August 26, 2004) was a popular American singer/actress from Brewster, New York, best known in the U.S. for the song Gloria (1982). ... Alternate cover 12 maxi single cover Self Control is the name of an international hit song recorded in 1984 by Laura Branigan, also known for the hit Gloria, as well as the album on which it appears. ... For other uses, see Prince (disambiguation). ... There are multiple meanings for Purple Rain, all related to Prince: His album Purple Rain The song Purple Rain from the same album The film Purple Rain in which he starred All three were released in 1984. ... Although he never won an Oscar for any of his movie performances, the comedian Bob Hope received two honorary Oscars for his contributions to cinema. ... For other persons named Michael Jackson, see Michael Jackson (disambiguation). ... Michael Jacksons Thriller is a 14-minute music video for the song of the same name released on December 2, 1983 and directed by John Landis. ... The MTV Video Music Awards were established in 1984 by MTV to celebrate the top music videos of the year. ... Daniel Edward Aykroyd CM (born July 1, 1952) is an Academy Award-nominated and Emmy Award-winning Canadian/American comedian, actor, screenwriter, and musician. ... Bette Midler (born December 1, 1945) is an American singer, actress and comedienne, also known to her fans as The Divine Miss M. She is named after the actress Bette Davis although Davis pronounced her first name in two syllables, and Midler uses one. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The Grammy Award for Best Short Form Music Video has been awarded since 1984. ... The Grammy Award for Best Short Form Music Video has been awarded since 1984. ... a-ha is a Grammy Award-nominated band from Norway. ... Take on Me is a song by the Norwegian band a-ha. ... Rotoscoping is an animation technique in which animators trace over live-action film movement, frame by frame, for use in animated films. ... This article is about the American entertainer. ... Audio sample Material Girl is a song written by Peter Brown and Robert Rans for American singer Madonnas second album, Like a Virgin. ... Marilyn Monroe (born Norma Jeane Mortenson;[1] June 1, 1926 – August 5, 1962), was a Golden Globe-winning[2] American actress, singer, model, Hollywood icon,[3] cultural icon, fashion icon,[4] pop icon, film executive and sex symbol. ... Monroe sings the song surrounded by well-dressed men. ... Gentlemen Prefer Blondes is a 1953 film adaptation of the 1949 stage musical, released by 20th Century Fox, directed by Howard Hawks and starring Jane Russell and Marilyn Monroe, with Charles Coburn, Elliott Reid, Tommy Noonan, Taylor Holmes, and Norma Varden in supporting roles. ... Sledgehammer is a hit song by Peter Gabriel from his 1986 album So. ... Peter Brian Gabriel (born 13 February 1950, in Cobham,[1] Surrey, England) is an English musician. ... A stop motion animation of a moving coin. ... For other persons named Michael Jackson, see Michael Jackson (disambiguation). ... This article is about the American entertainer. ... Like a Prayer track listing Like a Prayer (1) Express Yourself (2) The Immaculate Collection track listing La Isla Bonita (11) Like a Prayer (12) Express Yourself (13) This article is about the 1989 single by Madonna. ... This article is about the American entertainer. ... The Immaculate Collection track listing Vogue (15) Justify My Love (16) Rescue Me (17) Audio sample Justify My Love is a single released by Madonna in 1990. ... This article is about the American grunge band. ... Nevermind track listing Smells Like Teen Spirit is a song by the American rock band Nirvana, and the opening track and lead single from the bands 1991 breakthrough album Nevermind. ... Kurt Donald Cobain (February 20, 1967 – c. ... Grunge music (sometimes also referred to as the Seattle Sound) is an independent-rooted music genre that became a commercially successful offshoot of hardcore punk, thrash metal, and alternative rock in the late 1980s and early 1990s. ... For other persons named Michael Jackson, see Michael Jackson (disambiguation). ... John David Landis (born August 3, 1950) is an American movie actor, director, writer, and producer. ... For other persons named Michael Jackson, see Michael Jackson (disambiguation). ... This article is about the singer. ... Pop-Up Video was a popular VH1 show that popped up bubbles ( ) — officially called info nuggets — containing trivia and spry witticisms throughout music videos. ... VH1 (VH-1: Video Hits One until 1994 and VH1: Music First until 2003) is an American digital television channel that was created in January 1985 by Warner-Amex Satellite Entertainment, at the time a division of Warner Communications and owners of MTV. VH1 and sister channel MTV are currently... MTV2 is a cable network that is widely available in the United States on digital cable and satellite television, and is progressively being added to basic cable lineups across the nation. ... MTV2 is a cable network that is widely available in the United States on digital cable and satellite television, and is progressively being added to basic cable lineups across the nation. ... Making the Video is an MTV show, consisting of half-hour episodes, which chronicles the process of filming various music videos. ... Björk Guðmundsdóttir (born November 21, 1965 in Reykjavík, Iceland) is a singer/songwriter with a great expressive range and an interest in many kinds of music including popular, hip-hop, alternative-rock, torch songs, folk, and classical. ... Pagan Poetry was the second single from singer Björks album Vespertine. ... MTV Hits is an American music video channel that debuted on May 1, 2002. ... Grandaddy was an indie rock group from Modesto, California, United States. ... V2 Records (or V2 Music) is a record label that was started in 1996 by Richard Branson, five years after he sold Virgin Records to EMI. Over the years V2 acquired Junior Boys Own, Gee Street Records, Blue Dog Records, and Big Cat Records. ... Bertelsmann is a transnational media corporation founded in 1835, based in G tersloh, Germany. ... Avril Lavigne Whibley,[7] better known by her birth name of Avril Lavigne (IPA: ), (born September 27, 1984) is a Canadian rock/punk-pop singer, musician and actress. ... David Dave Meyers is an American music video director. ... Missy Elliott (born Melissa Arnette Elliott July 1, 1971 in Portsmouth, Virginia), is a five-time Grammy Award-winning American rapper, singer, songwriter, and record producer. ... Björk Guðmundsdóttir (born November 21, 1965 in Reykjavík, Iceland) is a singer/songwriter with a great expressive range and an interest in many kinds of music including popular, hip-hop, alternative-rock, torch songs, folk, and classical. ...

Music video stations

Here are some of the most popular music video stations from around the world:

40 TV is a television channel in Spain. ... BET redirects here. ... BET J (previously known as BET on Jazz and later BET Jazz) is a spin-off cable television channel of BET (Black Entertainment Television), that presents enclusively jazz music-related programming, especially that of black jazz musicians. ... BPM:TV is a Canadian digital television specialty channel owned by Stornoway. ... Bubble Hits is an Irish owned digital television music channel owned by Creative Sounds. ... C4 is a music television station operating in New Zealand and owned by Canwest MediaWorks NZ, a company 70% owned by Canadian broadcasting conglomerate Canwest. ... Channel [V] is an international music channel chain. ... Channel U TV is a digital satellite TV channel, owned by Video Interactive Television. ... CMC CALIFORNIA MUSIC CHANNEL is one of the world’s longest running local music video television services. ... Country Music Television, or CMT as it usually called, is an American country music oriented cable television channel. ... Fly Music is a Spanish television channel broadcast in Spain. ... Fuse is a music video-oriented television channel. ... Gospel Music Channel is a television channel that features Christian music. ... Great American Country (or GAC), is a Nashville, Tennessee-based country music cable television network. ... The International Music Feed is a music channel that plays music from around the world. ... Network logo. ... Juice TV is a music television station operating from the Auckland suburb of Parnell in New Zealand. ... Kerrang! TV is a digital television station owned by Box Television, which is loosely connected to the magazine, Kerrang!. As of 2005, all of its programme content is music videos, the majority of which is open scheduled, for text requests from their playlist. ... Mad TV, the only Greek Music Channel and one of the most popular music brands in Greece, hit the airwaves on June 6th 1996. ... MCM is a music French TV channel belonging to Groupe MCM. It was started in 1989 by Groupe Europe following the MTV model. ... This article is about the original U.S. music television channel. ... MTV2 is a cable network that is widely available in the United States on digital cable and satellite television, and is progressively being added to basic cable lineups across the nation. ... MTV Adria Logo MTV Adria is an MTV Networks Europe subsidiary of MTV, broadcast to the countries of the former Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia: Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia and Slovenia. ... MTV Arabia is the latest addition to the MTV network, and is a result of a joint venture between MTV Networks International and Arab Media Group, the largest media group in the United Arab Emirates. ... This page is a candidate for speedy deletion, because: please use Wikipedia:Sandbox for testing. ... MTV Australia is the Australian version of MTV Music Television, a channel specialising in music and youth culture programming. ... The MTV logotype, often used in different, less stylized, forms. ... The MTV logo. ... MTV Central, also regularly called MTV Germany, is a regional version of MTV for the German-speaking countries of Central Europe - Germany, Austria, Switzerland. ... MTV Chi is a spin-off network from MTV that is targeted at Chinese Americans. ... Screenshot of MTV Dance in 2008 MTV Dance is a digital television channel based in the United Kingdom. ... MTV Desi is a spin-off network from MTV that is targeted at Asian Americans. ... MTV En Español is a Spanish-language version of the cable television channel MTV, designed to appeal to Hispanic audiences with material such as music videos in Spanish. ... MTV Europe launched on August 1, 1987. ... MTV Hits is an American music video channel that debuted on May 1, 2002. ... MTV (Music Television) India is the Indian subsidiary of MTV, a cable television network headquartered in New York. ... MTV Jams is a Viacom-owned American hip-hop/urban music video channel that debuted on May 1, 2002, replacing MTVX. Like its sister stations MTV Hits,VH1 Soul, and CMT Pure Country, MTV Jams is available exclusively on digital cable packages, such as Comcast, Charter, Cox, and other various... MTV JAPAN (Music Television Japan) is an cable television network based in Japan. ... MTV K is a new spinoff network targeted towards Korean-Americans similar to MTV Chi and MTV Desi. ... MTV Latin America (also known as MTV Latino or MTV Latin) is a cable television network aimed at residents in Latin American countries. ... MTVs official logo MTV (Music Television) Pakistan or IM-MTV Asia is the Pakistani subsidiary of MTV, a cable television network headquartered in New York. ... MTV Philippines is a 24-hour Music/Entertainment television network, owned by All Youth Channel, Inc. ... MTV Portugal is the localized version of MTV Europe for Portugal. ... WJPX is a full-power television station in San Juan, Puerto Rico transmitting over analog channel 24, digital 21. ... Tempo is a pan-Caribbean channel from MTV Networks that explores Caribbean culture and plays a range of Caribbean music including Calypso, Dancehall, Punta rock, Soca and Reggae. ... CTN redirects here. ... Music Choice is a U.S. company that programs music and produces music-related content for digital cable, cell phones, and cable modem subscribers in the US. Music Choice programs dozens of audio music channels for digital cable subscribers, as well as programs and produces music-related content for on... MuchMusic (often referred to only as Much) is a Canadian English language cable television specialty channel owned by CTV Limited; a division of CTVglobemedia dedicated to music, music-related programs and youth culture. ... MuchVibe is a Canadian category 2 digital cable television channel. ... MuchLOUD is a Canadian category 2 digital cable rock and roll music video television channel owned by CHUM Limited. ... PunchMuch is a Canadian category 2 digital cable music video television channel. ... MuchMoreMusic is a Canadian English language cable television specialty channel owned by CTVglobemedia, based in the CHUM-City Building in Toronto, Ontario. ... MuchMoreRetro is a Canadian category 2 digital cable television channel featuring classic music videos owned by CHUM Limited. ... Music 24 is an Israeli music channel which was launched on July 23rd, 2003. ... MusiquePlus is a Quebec French language, 24-hour cable television music video channel launched in 1986, owned by media conglomerate CHUM Limited. ... MusiMax is a Canadian French language cable television music specialty channel operating out of Montreal, Quebec. ... The correct title of this article is musicMAX. The initial letter is capitalized due to technical restrictions. ... myx or MYX (pronounced /miks/ as in mix) is the music channel of ABS-CBN and is currently one of the most popular music channels in the Philippines. ... Persian Music Channel is a Free to Air satellite TV network owned by Persian Media Corporation and headquartered in Dubai Media City. ... This article is about the British television network. ... Rage is an all-night Australian music video program that is broadcast on ABC TV on Friday and Saturday nights. ... Scuzz is a British music television channel owned and operated by Chart Show Channels. ... Soundpedia is a Singapore-based internet radio and music community website, founded in 2006. ... TMF (The Music Factory) is a pop music television channel that operates in the Netherlands (TMF NL), Belgium (TMF Vlaanderen) and the United Kingdom (and Ireland) (TMF UK). ... TeleHit is a Mexican cable/satelite television network. ... The Tube Music Network is a music video network carried on select digital television subchannels and digital cable systems. ... The Voice TV is a network of music television channels that is owned by ProSiebenSat. ... VH1 (VH-1: Video Hits One until 1994 and VH1: Music First until 2003) is an American digital television channel that was created in January 1985 by Warner-Amex Satellite Entertainment, at the time a division of Warner Communications and owners of MTV. VH1 and sister channel MTV are currently... Categories: Possible copyright violations ... VH1 (which stands for Video Hits 1) is an American cable television channel that was created in 1985. ... VH1 Soul is a digital cable and satellite television channel, it is a sister network to VH1. ... VH1 Uno is a digital cable and satellite television channel, which is the fourth sister network to VH1. ... VH1 UK is a music television channel from MTV Networks Europe. ... The Worship Network, or Worship, is a broadcast television service that provides alternative Christian worship-themed programming 24 hours a day, seven days a week. ... Not to be confused with Zee TV. ZTV is a commercial television channel broadcast by Viasat in Sweden, Norway and Finland. ...

Music video shows

The American Broadcasting Company (ABC) is an American television network. ... 106 & Park: BETs Top 10 Live is a top-ten video countdown that has airs weekdays on BET. It is the networks #1 rated show. ... ITV1 is the name, in England, Wales and the Scottish borders, for a terrestrial, free-to-air television channel, broadcast in the United Kingdom by the ITV network. ... Top of the Pops, also known as TOTP, was a long-running British music chart television programme, made and broadcast by the BBC. It was originally shown each week, mostly on BBC One, from 1 January 1964 to 30 July 2006. ... BBC Two (or BBC2 as it was formerly styled) was the second UK television station to be aired by the BBC. History The channel was scheduled to begin at 7:20pm on April 20, 1964 and show an evening of light entertainment, starting with the comedy show The Alberts and... Logo is an American digital cable television channel owned by Viacoms MTV Networks division. ... Countdown was a long-running popular weekly Australian music television show broadcast by the Australian Broadcasting Corporation from late 1974 until July 19 1987. ... The Australian Broadcasting Corporation or ABC is Australias national non-profit public broadcaster. ... Friday Night Videos is a music video show broadcast on the American NBC television network from July 29, 1983 to May 24, 2002, and was considered network television’s answer to MTV. // In the beginning, MTV was still a phenomenon that very few people actually could see in their homes... This article is about the television network. ... Original logo of The Ball. ... MTV2 is a cable network that is widely available in the United States on digital cable and satellite television, and is progressively being added to basic cable lineups across the nation. ... Kidsongs was a series of Music Videos for children that were first released on home video. ... Los 10+ Pedidos (The 10 most requested) is the Latin American version of Total Request Live. ... MTV Latin America (also known as MTV Latino or MTV Latin) is a cable television network aimed at residents in Latin American countries. ... Night Tracks was an American television series which ran from 1983 to 1992 on WTBS (later known as TBS) on late night weekends. ... This article is about the U.S. television network. ... TG4 (Irish: TG Ceathair or TG a Ceathair; IPA: /tiː dʒiː kʲahəɾʲ/) is a television channel in Ireland, aimed at Irish-language speakers and established as a wholly owned subsidiary by Radio Telefís Éireann on 31 October 1996. ... Rage is an all-night Australian music video program that is broadcast on ABC TV on Friday and Saturday nights. ... In the television industry (as in radio), syndication is the sale of the right to broadcast programs to multiple stations, without going through a broadcast network. ... Schoolhouse Rock! is a series of 46 educational shorts featuring rock songs about schoolroom topics, including grammar, science, economics and American history and politics. ... The American Broadcasting Company (ABC) is an American television network. ... Video Hits is an Australian music television show that first aired in June 1986. ... Network Ten, or Channel Ten, is one of Australias three major commercial television networks. ... Video Hits was a Canadian music video program that was broadcast on CBC Television from 1984 to 1993. ... CBC Television is a Canadian English language television network. ... TRL redirects here. ... Power Fuse is a show that is associated with fuse TV. Power Fuse usually comes on around 1am and plays until 3am. ... Fuse is a music video-oriented television channel. ... MuchOnDemand (also MOD) is an hour-long per broadcast viewer interactive television program aired on MuchMusic, Monday through Friday at 5pm ET. It broadcasts live from the CHUM-City Building on Queen Street West in Toronto. ... Music Station ) is a long-running Japanese music television program. ... TV Asahi Corporation ) (TYO: 9409 ), also known as EX and Tele-Asa ), is a television network headquartered in Roppongi, Minato, Tokyo, Japan. ... VSpot Top 20 Countdown is a weekly television show on the VH1 cable network. ... VH1 (VH-1: Video Hits One until 1994 and VH1: Music First until 2003) is an American digital television channel that was created in January 1985 by Warner-Amex Satellite Entertainment, at the time a division of Warner Communications and owners of MTV. VH1 and sister channel MTV are currently...

See also

^ a b c d e [1] ^ a b c d e [2] ^ [3] ^ a b c d e f g h [4] ^ [5] ^ [[6]] ^ [[7]] Categories: | ... A music-video director is a film director that specializes in supervising the filming and editing of music videos to be used as promotional tools for popular music singles. ... Video art is a type of art which relies on moving pictures and is comprised of video and/or audio data. ... Video clips are short clips in video format and predominantly found on the internet where the massive influx of new video clips during 2006 was dubbed as a new phenomenon having a profound impact on both the internet and other forms of media. ...

Notes

  1. ^ Clarke, pg. 39
  2. ^ J.P. "The Big Bopper" Richardson. Internet Accuracy Project. Retrieved on 2007-01-21.
  3. ^ Gert J. Almind. Jukebox History 1952-1998.
  4. ^ Ernest J. Dick. Remembering Singalong Jubilee.
  5. ^ Michael Jackson - Thriller - AVRev.com
  6. ^ Peter Gabriel | Music Artist | Videos, News, Photos & Ringtones | MTV
  7. ^ "Entertainment Tonight" Rock Video Violence (1983).
  8. ^ Justice - Stress | Music | guardian.co.uk Music
  9. ^ Lyndsay Brown. Stories as Pieces and Fragments as Wholes: The Influence of Final Cut Pro and Nonlinear Digital Editing on Fan Videos. Retrieved on 2007-09-29.

Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 21st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 272nd day of the year (273rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

References

  • Banks, Jack (1996) Monopoly Television: Mtv's Quest to Control the Music Westview Press ISBN 0-8133-1820-3
  • Clarke, Donald (1995) The Rise and Fall of Popular Music St. Martin's Pressy ISBN 0-312-11573-3
  • Denisoff, R. Serge (1991) Inside MTV New Brunswick: Transaction publishers ISBN 0-88738-864-7
  • Durant, Alan (1984). Cited in Middleton, Richard (1990/2002). Studying Popular Music. Philadelphia: Open University Press. ISBN 0-335-15275-9.
  • Frith, Simon, Andrew Goodwin & Lawrence Grossberg (1993) Sound & Vision. The music video reader London: Routledge ISBN 0-415-09431-3
  • Goodwin, Andrew (1992) Dancing in the Distraction Factory : Music Television and Popular Culture University of Minnesota Press ISBN 0-8166-2063-6
  • Kaplan, E. Ann (1987) Rocking Around the Clock. Music Television, Postmodernism, and Consumer Culture London & New York: Routledge ISBN 0-415-03005-6
  • Kleiler, David (1997) You Stand There: Making Music Video Three Rivers Press ISBN 0-609-80036-1
  • Middleton, Richard (1990/2002). Studying Popular Music. Philadelphia: Open University Press. ISBN 0-335-15275-9.
  • Shore, Michael (1984) The Rolling Stone book of rock video New York: Quill ISBN 0-688-03916-2
  • G.Turner, Video Clips and Popular Music, in Australian Journal of Cultural Studies 1/1,1983, 107-110
  • Vernallis, Carol (2004) Experiencing Music Video: Aesthetics and Cultural Context Columbia University Press ISBN 0-231-11798-1
  • Altrogge, Michael: Tönende Bilder: interdisziplinäre Studie zu Musik und Bildern in Videoclips und ihrer Bedeutung für Jugendliche. Band 1: Das Feld und die Theorie. Berlin: Vistas 2001
  • Altrogge, Michael: Tönende Bilder. Das Material: Die Musikvideos. Bd 2. Berlin: Vistas 2001
  • Altrogge, Michael: Tönende Bilder: interdisziplinäre Studie zu Musik und Bildern in Videoclips und ihrer Bedeutung für Jugendliche. Band 3: Die Rezeption: Strukturen der Wahrnehmung. Berlin: Vistas 2001
  • Bühler, Gerhard (2002): Postmoderne auf dem Bildschirm – auf der Leinwand. Musikvideos, Werbespots und David Lynchs WILD AT HEART
  • C.Hausheer/A.Schönholzer (Hrsg.), Visueller Sound. Musikvideos zwischen Avantgarde und Populärkultur, Luzern 1994
  • Helms, Dietrich; Thomas Phleps (Hrsg.): Clipped Differences. Geschlechterrepräsentation im Musikvideo. Bielefeld: Transcript 2003
  • Keazor, Henry / Wübbena, Thorsten: Video Thrills The Radio Star. Musikvideos: Geschichte, Themen, Analysen. Bielefeld: 2007 (Revised Edition), ISBN 3-899-42728-9
  • Kirsch, Arlett: Musik im Fernsehen. Eine auditive Darstellungsform in einem audiovisuellen Medium. Berlin: Wiku 2002
  • Kurp, Matthias / Huschild, Claudia & Wiese, Klemens (2002): Musikfernsehen in Deutschland. Politische, soziologische und medienökonomische Aspekte
  • Neumann-Braun, Klaus / Schmidt, Axel / Mai, Manfred (2003): Popvisionen. Links in die Zukunft
  • Neumann-Braun, Klaus / Mikos, Lothar: Videoclips und Musikfernsehen. Eine problemorientierte Kommentierung der aktuellen Forschungsliteratur; Berlin: Vistas 2006
  • Quandt, Thorsten (1997). Musikvideos im Alltag Jugendlicher. Umfeldanalyse und qualitative Rezeptionsstudie. Deutscher Universitätsverlag

Donald Clarke is a writer on music. ... Simon Frith is a former rock critic and a sociologist who specializes in popular music culture, and the brother of guitarist Fred Frith and psychologist Chris Frith. ... Lawrence Grossberg is an internationally renowned scholar of cultural studies and popular culture (focusing on popular music and youth culture). ... Richard Middleton FBA is Professor of Music at Newcastle University in Newcastle upon Tyne. ...

External links


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