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Encyclopedia > Music of the Philippines

The music of the Philippines is a mixture of European, American and indigenous sounds. Much of the music of the Philippines have been influenced by the 333 year-long colonial legacies of Spain, Western rock and roll, hip hop and pop music from the United States, the indigenous Austronesian population and Indo-Malayan Gamelan music For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... Rock and roll (also spelled Rock n Roll, especially in its first decade), also called rock, is a form of popular music, usually featuring vocals (often with vocal harmony), electric guitars and a strong back beat; other instruments, such as the saxophone, are common in some styles. ... Hip hop music is a style of music which came into existence in the United States during the mid-1970s, and became a large part of modern pop culture during the 1980s. ... This article is about the genre of popular music. ... The Austronesian languages are a language family widely dispersed throughout the islands of Southeast Asia and the Pacific, with a few members spoken on continental Asia. ... Javanese gamelan ensamble with two female sinden (choral singer) during traditional Javanese wedding at Sasono Utomo, Taman Mini Indonesia Indah, Jakarta, Indonesia A gamelan is a kind of musical ensemble of Indonesia typically featuring a variety of instruments such as metallophones, xylophones, drums, and gongs; bamboo flutes, bowed and plucked...

Contents

Indigenous Musical Styles

Southern Genres

Among the various groups of the island of Mindanao and the Sulu Archipelago, a highly sophisticated musical repertoire called kulintang exists in which the main instruments used are bossed gongs not dissimilar to gongs used in Indonesia. Mindanao is the second largest and easternmost island in the Philippines. ... REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES Province of Sulu Region: Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM) Capital: Jolo Founded: Population: 2000 census—619,668 (40th largest) Density—387 per km² (13th highest) Area: 1,600. ... Kulintang is a term for various musical instruments and musical genres which are indigenous to the South-East Asian islands presently known as Indonesia and the Philippines. ...

A pair of agungs, one of the instruments found in the kumintang ensemble
A pair of agungs, one of the instruments found in the kumintang ensemble

Generally, kulintang ensembles among the Maguindanao, Maranao, the Tausug and other lesser known groups, are composed of five pieces of instrumentation. Among the Maguindanao, this includes: the kulintang (strung stand, serving as the main melody instrument of the ensemble), the agung (the largest gongs of the ensemble providing much of the lower beats, either coming in a pair of two or just one alone), the gandingan (four large vertical gongs aligned front to back, used as a secondary melodic instrument), the dabakan (an hour-glass shaped drum covered in goat/lizard skin) and the babendil (a singular gong used as the timekeeper of the entire ensemble). The Maranao have similar instrumentation with the exception of the gandingan which they do not have an equivalent of. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2048x1536, 839 KB) Summary Description: A pair of agungs used by the Maguindanao in the kulintang ensemble. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2048x1536, 839 KB) Summary Description: A pair of agungs used by the Maguindanao in the kulintang ensemble. ... Kulintang is a term for various musical instruments and musical genres which are indigenous to the South-East Asian islands presently known as Indonesia and the Philippines. ... The pair of gongs of the agung The Agungs are the largest gongs of the kulintang ensemble and represent the lowest pitch of all the instrumentation. ... The four brass vertical hanging gongs of the Gandingan The gandingan is a set of four vertical bossed gongs and hung in ascending order from the lowest to highest pitch. ... A dabakan beautifully designed with Maranao okkil designs The dabakan is a drum used in kulintang ensembles frequently referenced as in the shape of an hour-glass or a goblet. ... The babendil The babendil is the single gong used in the kulintang ensemble usually handheld and struck with a flat stick of bamboo or rattan upon its rim to obtain sharp, distinct sounds. ...

A Philippine kulintang of the Maguindanaon people with 8 gongs stacked horizontally by pitch atop a wooden antangan
A Philippine kulintang of the Maguindanaon people with 8 gongs stacked horizontally by pitch atop a wooden antangan
List of the Traditional Instruments of the Southern Philippines:
Five main instruments of the Maguindanao Kulintang Ensemble
Kulintang - Agung - Gandingan - Babendil - Dabakan
Other Southern Pilipino non-ensemble instruments
Kulintang a Kayo - Gandingan a Kayo - Kulintang a Tiniok - Kubing - Luntang - Agung a TamlangKagulPalendagTumpongSuling - Kutiyapi

Among the Maguindanao/Maranao, kulintang music serves as their means of entertainment and hospitality, being used in weddings, festivals, coronations, to entertain visiting dignitaries and to send off those heading and coming back from pilgrimages. Kulintang music is also used to accompany healing ceremonies and particularly among the Maguindanao, can serve as a form of communication. Because the Maguindanao can convert the music into their language and vice versa, the Maguindanao can sends messages long distances using their instruments. The gandingan usually is their instrument of choice to send messages, known among the Maguindanao as apad. Apad has been used to warn others of impeding danger or to send a message to a lover. In fact, people have been known to elope with the use of such songs.[1] Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (2048 × 1536 pixel, file size: 838 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) en: Description: The eight Philippine horizontally laid, knobbed gongs known as the kulintang used as a main melodic instrument in the kulintang ensemble. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (2048 × 1536 pixel, file size: 838 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) en: Description: The eight Philippine horizontally laid, knobbed gongs known as the kulintang used as a main melodic instrument in the kulintang ensemble. ... Kulintang is a term for various musical instruments and musical genres which are indigenous to the South-East Asian islands presently known as Indonesia and the Philippines. ... Kulintang is a term for various musical instruments and musical genres which are indigenous to the South-East Asian islands presently known as Indonesia and the Philippines. ... The pair of gongs of the agung The Agungs are the largest gongs of the kulintang ensemble and represent the lowest pitch of all the instrumentation. ... The four brass vertical hanging gongs of the Gandingan The gandingan is a set of four vertical bossed gongs and hung in ascending order from the lowest to highest pitch. ... The babendil The babendil is the single gong used in the kulintang ensemble usually handheld and struck with a flat stick of bamboo or rattan upon its rim to obtain sharp, distinct sounds. ... A dabakan beautifully designed with Maranao okkil designs The dabakan is a drum used in kulintang ensembles frequently referenced as in the shape of an hour-glass or a goblet. ... The kulintang a kayo, a Philippine xylophone of the Maguindanaon people The kulintang a kayo (which literally is translated means, “wooden kulintang,” or “kulintang made of wood”) is a Philippine xylophone of the Maguindanaon people with eight tuned slabs arranged horizontally atop a wooden antangan (rack). ... The gandingan a kayo, a Philippine xylophone of the Maguindanaon people The gandingan a kayo (translated means, “wooden gandingan,” or “gandingan made of wood”) is a Philippine xylophone and considered the wooden version of the real gandingan. ... The kulintang a tiniok, a Philippine metallophone of the Maguindanaon people Also called kulintang a putao (Maguindanaon), sarunay, salunay, salonay, saronay, saronai, sarunai (Maranao) The kulintang a tiniok is a type of Philippine metallophone with eight tuned knobbed metal plates strung together via string atop a wooden antangan (rack). ... Also called kobing (Maranao), kolibau (Tingguian), aru-ding (Tagbanua))[1], aroding (Palawan)[2], kulaing (Yakan), karombi (Toraja), yori (Kailinese). ... Also called kwintangan kayo (Yakan) The luntang is a type of Philippine xylophone of the Maguindanaon people, strung vertically, with five horizontal logs hung in ascending order arranged by pitch. ... A agung a tamlang, a Philippine bamboo slit drum of the Maguindanaon people The Agung a Tamlang is a type of Philippine slit drum made of hollowed out bamboo in imitation of the real agung. ... Also called tagutok (Maranao) A kagul, a Philippine bamboo scraper gong/slit drum of the Maguindanaon people The kagul is a type of Philippine bamboo scraper gong/slit drum of the Maguindanaon with a jagged edge on one side, played with two beaters, one scarping the jagged edge and the... A palendag, a Philippine bamboo flute of the Maguindanaon people Also Pulalu - Manabo[1] The palendag is a type of Philippine bamboo flute, the largest one used by the Maguindanaon. ... A tumpong, a Philippine bamboo flute of the Maguindanaon people Also Inci - Maranao The tumpong is a type of Philippine bamboo flute used by the Maguindanaon, half the size of the largest bamboo flute, the palendag. ... Suling Suling is an Indonesian flute made out of bamboo used in gamelan ensembles. ... We dont have an article called Kutiyapi Start this article Search for Kutiyapi in. ... Maguindanao is a province of the Philippines located in the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM). ... Maranao is the term used for the people of Lanao, a predominantly Muslim region in the Philippine island of Mindanao. ... The four brass vertical hanging gongs of the Gandingan The gandingan is a set of four vertical bossed gongs and hung in ascending order from the lowest to highest pitch. ...


Among the Tausug of the Sulu Archipelago, The Sindil (sung verbal jousts) is a musical lighthearted style that is sung by a duo of both sexes sung in front of an audience. Teasing, jokes, and innuendos flow into the verses, the better ones being applauded by the audience. The gabbang xylophone and biyula traditional violin are the instruments mainly used. Although Sindil is a particular genre of music, the verbal jousting musical type is also found in many other parts of the country, especially among the Visayan peoples, who are ethnically related to the Tausug. Sindil are normally used at weddings and other festive events. Kulintang a Kayo, a Philippine xylophone The xylophone (from the Greek meaning wooden sound) is a musical instrument in the percussion family which probably originated in Indonesia. ... For the Anne Rice novel, see Violin (novel). ... Visayan may refer to: Visayan languages, spoken in the central Philippines. ...


Other musical traditions of this region are those of the serenade form Kapanirong and the outdoor "loud" music repertoire called Tagonggo. The kapanirong is a serenade (from the root word sirong which means to go beside a house) by a group of young bachelors who would come to a maidens house and play their music by the window. ... In the southern Philippines, Tagonggo is parade or entourage music played by male musicians dressed in their festive fineries. ...


Northern Genres

Among the indigenous peoples of the Central Cordilleras of the northern island of Luzon, music is also played with gongs, but unlike those of southern repertoires, these gongs, called Gangsa, are unbossed and have their origins in mainland Asia. Music is usually played to accompany dance, and because of this is mostly percussion based. Gong ensembles are normally accompanied by drums. The music is polyphonic, and uses highly interlocking repeated patterns. Igorot (pronounced ) is the general name for the people of the Cordillera region, in the Philippines island of Luzon. ... Map of the Philippines showing the island groups of Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao. ... In music, the word texture is often used in a rather vague way in reference to the overall sound of a piece of music. ...


Other Genres

Other indigenous instruments include a bamboo zither, log drums, the Kudyapi two stringed boat lute and various flutes, including some nose flutes used by northern tribes. Kutiyapi The kutiyapi, a Philippine two-stringed, fretted boat-lute, is the only stringed instrument among the Maguindanaon. ...


Hispanic Musical Styles

Spanish and Mexican colonizers left their musical mark on the Philippines, introducing another rich culture, Christianity and its attendant religious music. The guitar and other instruments, as well as zarzuela (a form of operetta) were popular and soon became an important part of the customs and traditional elements of the culture of the Philippines. For other uses, see Culture (disambiguation). ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Relation to other religions Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Christianity Portal This box:      Christianity is a monotheistic[1] religion centered on the life and teachings of Jesus of Nazareth as presented in the New Testament. ... Religious music (also sacred music) is music performed or composed for religious use or through religious influence. ... For other uses, see Guitar (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Zarzuela (disambiguation). ... Operetta is a genre of light opera, light in terms both of music and subject matter. ... The culture of the Philippines reflects the complexity of the history of the Philippines through the blending of the culture of diverse indigenous civilizations with characteristics introduced via foreign influences. ...


Harana

The Harana first gained popularity in the early part of the Spanish Period. It's influence comes from folk Music of Spain and the Mariachi sounds of Mexico. It is a traditional form of courtship music in which a man woos a woman by serenading her underneath her window at night. It is widely practiced in many parts of the Philippines with a set of protocols, a code of conduct, and a specific style of music. Harana itself uses mainly Hispanic protocols in music, although its origins lie in the old pre-colonial Philippine musical styles which still practiced around the country (See Also Kapanirong style of the Maguindanao of Mindanao). The main instrument used for Harana is the Guitar, played by the courter, although other string instruments such as the Ukulele and less frequently, the Violin and Trumpets are also used. // In Spain, several very different cultural streams came together in the first centuries of the Christian era: the Roman culture, which was dominant for several hundred years, and which brought with it the music and ideas of Ancient Greece; early Christians, who had their own version of the Roman Rite... This article is about the Mexican musical genre and ensemble. ... Suitor redirects here. ... Hispanic (Spanish: ; Portuguese: ; Latin: , adjective from Hispānia, the Roman name for the Iberian Peninsula) is a term that historically denoted relation to the ancient Hispania and its peoples. ... The kapanirong is a serenade (from the root word sirong which means to go beside a house) by a group of young bachelors who would come to a maidens house and play their music by the window. ... Maguindanao is a province of the Philippines located in the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM). ... Mindanao is the second largest and easternmost island in the Philippines. ... For other uses, see Guitar (disambiguation). ... The ukulele (from Hawaiian: , pronounced ), variantly spelled ukelele (particularly in the UK), or alternately abbreviated uke, is a chordophone classified as a plucked lute; it is a subset of the guitar family of instruments, generally with four strings or four courses of strings. ... For the Anne Rice novel, see Violin (novel). ... Trumpeter redirects here. ...


Kundiman

The Kundiman is a lyrical song made popular in the Philippines in the early 19th century, but having origins in older pre-colonial indigenous styles. Composed in the Western idiom, the song is characterized by a minor key at the beginning and shifts to a major key in the second half. Its lyrics depict a romantic love, usually portraying the forlorn pleadings of a lover willing to sacrifice everything on behalf of his beloved. In many others, it is a plaintive call of the rejected lover or the broken-hearted. In others, it is a story of unrequited love. Almost all traditional Filipino love songs in this genre are heavy with poetic emotion. In the 1920s Kundiman became a much more mainstream musical style, with many popular performers including Diomedes Maturan and Ruben Tagalog. It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Philippine classical music. ... The 1920s is sometimes referred to as the Jazz Age or the Roaring Twenties, usually when speaking about the United States. ... Diomedes Maturan (dubbed the Perry Como of the Philippines) was an actor who played in Botika sa baryo (1960) and Tawag ng tanghalan. ... Ruben Tagalog is a Filipino actor and musician, famous for his works in the Kundiman Style. ...


Rondalla

As proof of the rondalla's natural fit with Philippine music, it has been brought to other parts of the world wherever Filipinos can be found. In the United States, the Philippine Chamber Rondalla of New Jersey, Inc. is a leading proponent of Philippine rondalla music in the North Eastern seaboard.
As proof of the rondalla's natural fit with Philippine music, it has been brought to other parts of the world wherever Filipinos can be found. In the United States, the Philippine Chamber Rondalla of New Jersey, Inc. is a leading proponent of Philippine rondalla music in the North Eastern seaboard.

Spain brought the rondalla to the Philippines in the 1800's.[2] An ensemble of plectrum instruments, the early Philippine rondalla repertoire consisted primarily of Western European symphonic overtures and arias from operas. Its compatibility with native Philippine music allowed the rondalla to figure prominently in Filipino rural community life, providing accompaniment to folk dancing and singing as well as the featured ensemble. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2025x1189, 610 KB)Template:Philippine Chamber Rondalla of New Jersey File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2025x1189, 610 KB)Template:Philippine Chamber Rondalla of New Jersey File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ...


The standard Philippine rondalla consists of the pear-shaped piccolo bandurria, bandurria, and la-ud, and the guitar-shaped octavina and mandola, guitarra, and bajo de unas (which has been supplanted by the double bass). Fashioned from common Philippine wood such as langka, pine,molave, cypress, narra, kamagong, and mahogany, yakal,acacia, the instruments are played with a plectrum of turtle shell. The fourteen strings of the rondalla instruments, except for the guitarra, are grouped into six tuning units – viz., F#, B, E, A, D, G. The doubling or tripling of strings produces better sound quality and volume.


banduria, double bass, laud, octavina, guitar , piccolo , etc. are examples of rondalla instruments.


Philippine choral music

The Philippine choral music scene has been developed and popularized by the Philippine Madrigal Singers. This choir is the country's premier chorale and has been an award-winning chorale through its existence. It is the only choir in the world to have won twice in the European Grand Prix for Choral Singing (1997 and 2007), widely considered the most prestigious chorale competition in the world. Also from the same homefront, i.e. the University of the Philippines, are the University of the Philippines Singing Ambassadors (or UPSA) and the University of the Philippines Concert Chorus (or UPCC), two of the most sought-after and multi-awarded groups in the country. Also, Kundirana, a high-school choral group from La Salle Green Hills, became popular as well. Other popular and internationally awarded groups are the UST Singers and the Ateneo College Glee Club. Saint Louis University Glee Club in Baguio city has been one of the outstanding choral group in the Philippines and the most rewarded choral group in the Cordilleran Region for winning in the CCP. The Philippines is arguably the most awarded Asian country in choral music. This article is about choirs, musical ensembles containing singers. ... The [[Philippine Madrigal Singers]] is the most awarded and acclaimed choir in Asia, having consistently won all the prizes in the most prestigious choral competitions for many years. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... The Oblation UP Diliman, the flagship campus of the U.P. System UP Baguio UP Extension Program in Pampanga Temporary Campus UP Los Baños UP Manila This article is about the University of the Philippines System. ... The University of the Philippines Singing Ambassadors (UPSA), is one of the performing cultural groups based in the University of the Philippines-Diliman (UP-Diliman) in Quezon City, the Philippines. ... The University of the Philippines Concert Chorus, also known as the UPCC, is one of the major cultural groups based in the University of the Philippines-Diliman and one of the earliest choirs in the Philippines. ... Kundirana of La Salle Greenhills is the country’s most famous high-school singing group, and yet it never intended to become famous. ... La Salle Green Hills (LSGH) is a school for boys located on Ortigas Avenue, Mandaluyong City, Philippines. ...


Philippine Popular Music

North American influences

The United States occupied the Islands in 1898 until 1935 and introduced American blues, folk, R&B and rock and roll became popular. Year 1898 (MDCCCXCVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... 1935 (MCMXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar). ... Blues music redirects here. ... Folk song redirects here. ... Rhythm and blues (or R & B) is a musical marketing term introduced in the United States in the late 1940s by Billboard magazine. ... Rock and roll (also spelled Rock n Roll, especially in its first decade), also called rock, is a form of popular music, usually featuring vocals (often with vocal harmony), electric guitars and a strong back beat; other instruments, such as the saxophone, are common in some styles. ...


For many years, even after the Republic of Philippines became an independent nation, most popular Filipino musicians recorded "covers" of American hit songs. However, this American influence taught the Filipinos how to create and market their own performers, and led to the emergence of superstars such as Martin Nievera, Sharon Cuneta, Gary Valenciano, Lea Salonga and Regine Velasquez, Sharon Gamboa Cuneta Pangilinan (born January 6, 1966) is a popular Filipina actress, TV host, singer, and endorser. ... Edgardo José Martín Santiago Valenciano, better known as simply Gary Valenciano (shortened to Gary V.), is a Filipino musician, composer, actor, producer, and gospel singer who is best known for many songs, especially those that became theme songs for movies. ... Lea Salonga-Chien (born Maria Ligaya Carmen Imutan Salonga on February 22, 1971 in the Philippines) is a multi-awarded Filipino singer and actress who is best known for originating the role of Kim in the musical Miss Saigon. ... Regina Encarnacion Ansong Velasquez (born April 22, 1970) is a Filipino singer, actress, record producer, and TV host. ...


Filipino Rock Music

In the late 1950s, native performers wrote Tagalog lyrics for North American rock n'roll music, resulting in the beginnings of Filipino rock. The 1950s decade refers to the years 1950 to 1959 inclusive. ... Tagalog (pronunciation: ) is one of the major languages of the Republic of the Philippines. ... Pinoy Rock, or Filipino Rock, may be regarded as the brand of Rock music produced in the Philippines or by Filipinos. ...


The most notable achievement in Filipino rock of the 1960s was the hit song "Killer Joe," which propelled the group "Rocky Fellers" to #16 on the American radio charts. However, despite the Fellers family (father and four sons) being of Manila origin, the song itself was written by US musicians Bert Russell (Bert Berns), Bob Elgin, and Phil Medley, so some critics contend that it wasn't truly Filipino rock. RJ Jacinto also known as RJ started releasing instrumentals during the 1960's. His band took it's style from the British band called the Shadows. He currently has a TV station, radio show, and the owner of his very own night-club. Up until the 70s, popular rock music had always been written in English. In the early 1970s, rock music began to be written using local languages, with bands like the Juan Dela Cruz Band being among the first popular bands to do so. Mixing Tagalog and English lyrics were also popularly used within the same song, in songs like "Ang Miss Universe Ng Buhay Ko," by the band Hotdog which helped innovate the Manila sound. The mixing of the two languages (known as "Taglish"), while common in casual speech in the Philippines, was seen as a bold move, but the success of Taglish in popular songs, including Sharon Cuneta's first hit, "Mr DJ," broke the barrier forevermore. The 1970s decade refers to the years from 1970 to 1979, also called The Seventies. ... // The original Juan Dela Cruz Band, consisting of Wally Gonzalez (guitar), Sandy Tagarro (bass guitar), Edmund Fortuno (drums), Bing Labrador (organ), and Alex Cruz (saxophones & flute), was formed in 1970. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... A large hot dog with ketchup A hot dog is classified as a type of sausage or, alternatively, a sandwich on a suitably shaped bun with the sausage and condiments on it. ... Manila Sound is a musical genre based in the Philippines that flourished in the early to middle 1970s. ... Sharon Gamboa Cuneta Pangilinan (born January 6, 1966) is a popular Filipina actress, TV host, singer, and endorser. ...


Soon, Filipino rock musicians added folk music and other influences, helping to lead to the 1978 breakthrough success of Freddie Aguilar. Aguilar's Anak, his debut recording, is the most commercially successful Filipino recording in history, and was popular throughout Asia and Europe, and has been translated into numerous language by singers worldwide. Asin also broke into the music scene at the same time and were very popular. Folk song redirects here. ... Year 1978 (MCMLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays the 1978 Gregorian calendar). ... Freddie Aguilar, 2004 Freddie Aguilar is a Pinoy rock musician from the Philippines. ... Asin (sometimes spelled ASIN, in all capital letters) is a Pinoy rock and folk rock band from the Philippines. ...


Rock music became the music of Filipino protesters in the 1980s, and Aguilar's "Bayan Ko" became especially popular as an anthem during the 1986 revolution. At the same time, a subculture rejected the rise of socially aware lyrics. In Manila, a Punk Rock scene developed, led by bands like Betrayed, The Jerks and Urban Bandits. The influence of New Wave was also felt during these years, spearheaded by The Dawn. This article is about the genre. ... The 1980s was the decade spanning from 1980 to 1989, also called The Eighties. The decade saw social, economic and general upheaval as wealth, production and western culture migrated to new industrializing economies. ... Year 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link displays 1986 Gregorian calendar). ... For other meanings of the word, see Manila (disambiguation). ... Punk rock is an anti-establishment music movement beginning around 1976 (although precursors can be found several years earlier), exemplified and popularised by The Ramones, the Sex Pistols, The Clash and The Damned. ... Look up betrayed in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The Jerks was formed in 1979 and is the original alternative rock and blues band and in the Philippines. ... New Wave was a music genre that existed during the late 1970s and the early-to-mid 1980s. ... This article is about the Filipino rock band. ...


1990s saw the emergence of superstar pop rock group Eraserheads, considered by many as the greatest Filipino artist of all time. Following their success are Filipino rock stars Yano, Parokya ni Edgar, Rivermaya, Cocojam, and Grace Nono, each of which adopts a variety of rock subgenres into their style. For the band, see 1990s (band). ... Named after the film Eraserhead, The Eraserheads were the most popular pop/rock band in the Philippines from their early start in the early 1990s to their disbanding in 2002. ... Yano was a folk/punk rock band in the Philippines. ... Parokya ni Edgar is a Filipino band that was formed in 1993 by a group of Ateneo high school students. ... Rivermaya is one of the most influential alternative rock bands in the Philippines that descended from pop and rock explosion of the 90s, propelling the rise of subsequent mainstream rock acts. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...

Joey Ayala, popular Filipino Neo-Traditional Artist, has been partly responsible for the rediscovery of indigenous genres in modern Filipino music.

During the 1998 Rock Band festival held at Hard Rock Café, Makati, a young rock group from the University of the Philippines, College of Music “Circle’s End]]” won the Best Band of the Year category and the Best Composition by Georsua. The band lasted only for 3 years after formally disbanded. The band members were Clair Subijana (Drums) Jerome Subijana (keyboards) Marcus San Juan( lead guitars) Geno Georsua (bass guitar/song writer) Mark Velasco (vocals/guitar/song writer) The Hard Rock Café platform will surely miss their virtuosity. Image File history File links Joey-ayala. ... Image File history File links Joey-ayala. ...



Filipino rock has also developed to include some hard rock and heavy metal such as Wolfgang, Razorback, Greyhounds, Queso and the progressive band Paradigm. Hard Rock redirects here. ... Heavy metals, in chemistry, are chemical elements of a particular range of atomic weights. ... Wolfgang was a Filipino heavy metal/hard rock/grunge band formed around 1992. ... This article is about the Filipino rock band. ... For other uses, see Paradigm (disambiguation). ...


The Neo-Traditional genre in Filipino music is gaining popularity, with artists such as Joey Ayala, Grace Nono and Bayang Barrios enjoying relative popularity within the Philippines for including the traditional musical traditions of the many indigenous minorities of the country. Joey Ayala is a contemporary pop music artist in the Philippines. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Bayang Barrios (born on June 12, 1968 to parents of Lumad origin) is a Filipino musician known for her use of indigenous instruments and styles. ...


Today, the Philippines is perhaps Asia's most vibrant music-obsessed country, with home spawned bands such as Sponge Cola, Chicosci, Bamboo, Silent Sanctuary, Rocksteddy, Kjwan, Kamikazee, Cueshe, Itchyworms, Vinyard, Valley of Chrome, Clap Your Hands, Imago, Hale, The Ambassadors, Moonstar 88, Faspitch, Callalily and Urbandub, among others. Sponge Cola is a Filipino rock band formed in 2002. ... Chicosci is a 5 piece band based in Manila. ... Bamboo is a Filipino alternative rock band founded in 2002 by the former vocalist of Rivermaya, Bamboo Mañalac. ... Rocksteddy is an alternative rock Filipino band recording on 12stone Records, which is a Sony-BMG imprint. ... This article is about a rock band. ... Cueshé (pronounced as Q-shay) is a 6-piece Filipino-based alternative rock band who hails from the city of Cebu. ... Itchyworms Itchyworms is a Filipino rock band. ... This article is being considered for deletion in accordance with Wikipedias deletion policy. ... Clap Your Hands may refer to: Clap Your Hands Say Yeah, an American indie rock band. ... The imago is the last stage of development of an insect, after the last ecdysis of an incomplete metamorphosis, or after emergence from pupation where the metamorphosis is complete. ... Hale is a band from the Philippines, composed of Champ Bayag (vocals and guitars), Rolling Attack Martinez (vocals and guitars), Sheldon Gellatin (bass), and Omnie Sasuka (drums). ... The Ambassadors is a 1903 novel by Henry James, originally published as a serial in the North American Review. ... An editor has expressed a concern that the subject of the article does not satisfy the notability guideline for Music. ... For the TV series, see Calla Lily (TV series). ... // The Sound Of The Giant South is gaining more recognition around the nation like never before. ...


There has always been a blend of rock and easy-listening styles in OPM, so it is not unusual for a single artist or group to have a wide repertoire and an equally wide range of fans. A retired businessman may find himself seated next to a teen girl at an appearance of Juan De La Cruz or the latest girl group from Makati, and outcheering her after a favorite song.


OPM (Original Pilipino Music)

Original Pilipino Music, now more commonly termed Original Pinoy Music, (frequently abbreviated to OPM) originally referred only to Filipino pop songs, especially those in the ballad form; such as songs popularized in the 1970s through the mid-1990s by major commercial Filipino pop artists like Ryan Cayabyab, Kuh Ledesma, Zsa Zsa Padilla, Martin Nievera, Gary Valenciano, Basil Valdez, Rey Valera, Regine Velasquez, Ogie Alcasid, Jaya, Lani Misalucha, Lea Salonga, Janno Gibbs, and APO Hiking Society. In the passage of time as well as the development of many diverse and alternative musical styles in the Philippines, however, the term OPM now refers to any type of Original Philippine Music created in the Philippines or composed by individuals of Philippine extraction, regardless of location at the time when composed. The lyrics, in fact, may be in any language (although most of it are written either in Filipino/Tagalog, English or taglish). Ryan Cayabyab (born Raymundo Cipriano Pujante Cayabyab but affectionately known as Mr. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Zsa Zsa Padilla is a Filipino singer and actress. ... Martin Ramon Nievera was born on February 5, 1962, in Manila, Philippines together with twin sister, Vicky, to Bert Nievera & Conchita Razon. ... Edgardo José Martín Santiago Valenciano, better known as simply Gary Valenciano (shortened to Gary V.), is a Filipino musician, composer, actor, producer, and gospel singer who is best known for many songs, especially those that became theme songs for movies. ... Basil Valdez is one of the Philippines most captivating balladeers. ... Reynaldo Valera Guardiano ( born May 4, 1954) is a singer, songwriter, music director from the Philippines. ... Regina Encarnacion Ansong Velasquez (born April 22, 1970) is a Filipino singer, actress, record producer, and TV host. ... Ogie Alcasid is a famous singer in the Philippines. ... Jaya (born Maria Louise Ramsey on March 21, 1970, in Manila, Philippines) is a Filipino pop singer with African American ancestry. ... // Lani Bayot Misalucha is among the most acclaimed singers from the Republic of the Philippines who have made a name for themselves in the United States. ... Lea Salonga-Chien (born Maria Ligaya Carmen Imutan Salonga on February 22, 1971 in the Philippines) is a multi-awarded Filipino singer and actress who is best known for originating the role of Kim in the musical Miss Saigon. ... Janno Ronaldo Gibbs (born September 1969) is a popular Filipino singer and actor/comedian. ...


Filipino Hip-Hop and R&B

Main Article: Filipino hip hop, Filipino R&B Filipino hip hop can be divided into two main categories: hip hop as performed and followed in the Philippines, and hip hop performed and followed by people of Filipino descent overseas, mostly among Filipino Americans in the United States. ...


The birth of Filipino hip-hop music (sometimes referred to as "Pinoy Rap" or "FlipHop"), occurred in the early 1980s with songs by Dyords Javier ("Na Onseng Delight") and Vincent Daffalong ("Nunal"). The genre developed slowly during the 1980's but soon hit the mainstream with Francis Magalona's debut album, Yo! which included the nationalistic hit "Mga Kababayan" (My countrymen) and the rap-ballad "Cold Summer Nights". Magalona, who rapped in both English and Filipino, became a pioneer in the genre and a superstar as a result. Francis Kiko Magalona or as he is also known FrancisM, Master Rapper, and The Man From Manila is credited as being the first Filipino rapper in the Philippines to successfully crossover to the mainstream. ...


The 1990's were known as the "Golden Age" of Filipino rap and saw the beginning of rapid stylistic innovation with Francis M.'s second album released in 1992 Rap is Francis M. which is considered to be one of the greatest Pinoy rap albums. In 1994, Death Threat released the first Filipino gangsta rap album titled Gusto Kong Bumaet (I Want to be Good). Another associate of Magalona who emerged as a leading pioneer of the hip hop scene is DJ MOD a.k.a as Noel Macanaya. Year 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1992 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1994 (MCMXCIV) The year 1994 was designated as the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal by the United Nations. ... Death Threat is an American hardcore band formed in Connecticut in 1997, originally intended to be a revamped lineup of the short-lived Death Threat 89. With all new material and the only remaining links being a singer and name, Death Threat (without the 89) became a new band. ... For the Ice T album, see Gangsta Rap (album). ...


Rap artists such as Apokalipsis, Syke, Mista Blaze, Stick Figgas, Mobbstarr/Dice & K9, Krook and J.O.L.O., Mike Kosa, Francis Magalona and rap superstar Gloc-9 continue to top music charts. Some of the most popular R&B artists in the Philippines are Kyla dubbed as R&B Princess, JayR dubbed as R&B Prince, Nina dubbed as the Soul Siren, Kris Lawrence, Amber, Thor, Luke Mejares, South Border and Keith Martin. Francis Kiko Magalona or as he is also known FrancisM, Master Rapper, and The Man From Manila is credited as being the first Filipino rapper in the Philippines to successfully crossover to the mainstream. ... The introduction to this article provides insufficient context for those unfamiliar with the subject matter. ... For other uses, see Kyla (disambiguation). ... Marifil Niña Girado (born November 1, 1980) or more popularly known as Two-Timer Syokoy, is a Filipino pop singer from the UK Ukay-Ukay. ... South Border is the Philippines’ premier Pop and R&B band formed in the 90s and gained even recognition in the music scene in the 2000s. ...


See also

Traditional Music in the Philippines, like the traditional music of other countries, reflects the life of common folk, mainly living in rural areas rather than urban ones. ...

References

  • Clewley, John. "Pinoy Rockers". 2000. In Broughton, Simon and Ellingham, Mark with McConnachie, James and Duane, Orla (Ed.), World Music, Vol. 2: Latin & North America, Caribbean, India, Asia and Pacific, pp 213-217. Rough Guides Ltd, Penguin Books. ISBN 1-85828-636-0
  1. ^ Mercurio, Philip Dominguez (2006). Traditional Music of the Southern Philippines (html). PnoyAndTheCity: A center for Kulintang - A home for Pasikings. Retrieved on February 25, 2006.
  2. ^ Aning, Jerome. "NATIONAL INSTRUMENT?: Rondalla maestro makes strong pitch for banduria", Philippine Daily Inquirer, 2007-11-23. Retrieved on 2008-04-05. 

The Philippine Daily Inquirer logo. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 327th day of the year (328th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 95th day of the year (96th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

Badakhshan is a region of Tajikistan and Afghanistan with a unique musical heritage, especially that of the remote Pamiri Ismailis. ... Buryatia is a part of the Russian Federation. ... Gansu is a region in northwest China. ... Inner Mongolia is a province of China, with traditions related to Tuvan music and Mongolian music. ... Khakassia is a region in Russia. ... Qinghai is a province of China inhabited by Tibetans, Mongolians and others. ... Tibet is a region of China, culturally very distinct from the rest of China. ... Tuva is a part of Russia, inhabited by a people related to the nearby Mongolians. ... Xinjiang Uighur Autonomous Region is dominated by Uighurs, a Turkic people related to others from Central Asia. ... Tibet is a region of China, culturally very distinct from the rest of China. ... Traditional Korean music includes both the folk and court music styles of the Korean people. ... The first evidence of Korean music is ancient, and it has been well-documented by surviving written materials since the 15th century. ... The first evidence of Korean music is ancient, and it has been well-documented by surviving written materials since the 15th century and was brought to heights of excellence during the Yi kings of the Joseon Dynasty. ... The music of Myanmar is a mixture of many regional varieties, including Chinese music, Indian music and Thai music. ... Tibet is a region of China, culturally very distinct from the rest of China. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Philippines. ... This article is a list of topics related to the people, culture, history, current events, institutions, places, and traditions of the Republic of the Philippines. ... The history of the Philippines is believed to have begun with the arrival of the first humans via land bridges at least 30,000 years ago. ... This article covers the history of the Philippines before the first arrivial of Europeans in 1521. ... Datu or datto is the title for ancient tribal chieftains and monarchs in pre-Hispanic Philippines. ... The Code of Kalantiaw was a legal code said to be written in 1433 by Datu Kalantiaw, a chief on the island of Negros in the Philippines. ... For the province, see Sulu Location of Sulu in the Philippines Capital Jolo Language(s) Arabic (official), Tausug, Malay, Banguingui, Bajau languages Religion Islam Government Monarchy Sultan  - 1450-1480 Shariful Hashem Syed Abu Bakr  - 1884-1899 Jamal ul-Kiram I History  - Established 1450  - Annexed by USA 1899 The Sultanate... Capital Marawi Language(s) Arabic (official), Maguindanao, Malay, Manobo languages Religion Islam Government Monarchy Sultan  - 1616- Dipatuan Kudarat Historical era Spanish colonization  - Established 1205  - Disestablished 1800s The Sultanate of Maguindanao was a Muslim Malay state that ruled parts of the island of Mindanao, in southern Philippines. ... Spanish East Indies This article covers the history of the Philippines from the arrival of European explorer Ferdinand Magellan in 1521, to the end of Spanish rule in 1898. ... Combatants Explorers in the service of Spain Visayan natives of Mactan Commanders Ferdinand Magellan† Lapu-Lapu Strength 49 men including Magellan on shore, at least 11 others in boats 1,500+(controversial account by pigafetta) 200+ is more accurate because the population then was really small and the barangay then... A painting of a Spanish galleon. ... Flag A map of the Spanish East Indies Capital Manila (Cebu until 1595, Bacolor 1762-1763, Iloilo 1898) Language(s) Spanish Religion Roman Catholicism Political structure Colony Monarch  - 1565-1598 Philip II  - 1896-1898 Alfonso XIII Governor-General  - 1565-1572 Miguel López de Legazpi  - 1898 Diego de los R... map of New Spain in red, with territories claimed but not controlled in orange. ... The flag of New Spain During the Spanish colonization of the Philippines, several revolts against Spain were undertaken for various reasons. ... Combatants Filipino independence movement Spanish Empire Commanders Andres Bonifacio, Emilio Aguinaldo Spanish Governor-General of the Philippines Strength 80,000 soldiers unknown Casualties unknown unknown The Philippine Revolution (1896—1898) was an armed conflict between the Spanish colonial regime and the Katipunan, which sought Philippine independence from Spain. ... The Philippine Declaration of Independence occurred on June 12, 1898 in the Philippines where Filipino revolutionary forces under General Emilio Aguinaldo (later to become the Philippines first Republican President) proclaimed the sovereignty and independence of the Philippine Islands from the colonial rule of Spain after the latter was defeated at... Flag Anthem: Himno Nacional Filipina Location of Filipinas in Asia Capital Bacoor, Cavite Malolos, Bulacan January 23, 1899-March 29, 1899 San Isidro, Nueva Ecija March 29, 1899-May 9, 1899 Palanan, Isabela September 6, 1900-March 23, 1901 Language(s) Spanish (official), Tagalog Government Republic President  - 1898-1901 Emilio... Belligerents United States Philippine Constabulary Philippine Scouts First Philippine Republic several groups post-1902 Commanders William McKinley Theodore Roosevelt Emilio Aguinaldo Miguel Malvar several unofficial leaders post-1902 Strength 126,000 soldiers[1] First Philippine Republic: 80,000 soldiers Casualties and losses ~5,000-7,000[1][2] ~12,000... This article covers the history of the Philippines from 1898 to 1946. ... The Tydings-McDuffie Act (officially the Philippine Independence Act; Public Law 73-127) approved on March 24, 1934 was a United States federal law which provided for self-government of the Philippines and for Filipino independence (from the United States) after a period of ten years. ... The Commonwealth of the Philippines was the political designation of the Philippines from 1935 to 1946 when the country was a commonwealth of the United States. ... In September 1940, Germany, Italy, and Japan had allied under the Tripartite Pact. ... Flag Anthem Himno Nacional Filipino awit sa paglikha ng bagong Pilipinas Location of the Philippines in Asia Capital Manila, Baguio, Tokyo Language(s) Filipino (official), Japanese, English Government Republic President Jose P. Laurel Historical era World War II  - Established October 14, 1943  - Disestablished August 17, 1945 Area  - 1945 300,000... Combatants  United States  Philippines  Empire of Japan Commanders Douglas MacArthur Jonathan Mayhew Wainwright IV George M. Parker Edward P. King Vicente Lim Alfredo M. Santos Masaharu Homma Susumu Morioka Kineo Kitajima Kameichiro Nagano Strength 30,000 U.S. troops 120,000 Filipino troops 75,000 Japanese troops Casualties 10,000... Combatants United States and Philippines Japan Commanders Jonathan Mayhew Wainwright IV George F. Moore Samuel L. Howard Masaharu Homma Kureo Tanaguchi Kizon Mikami Strength 13,000 U.S. and Filipino troops 75,000 Japanese troops Casualties 800 killed 1,000 wounded 11,000 POWs 900 killed 1,200 wounded The... Combatants  United States  Australia Empire of Japan Commanders William Halsey, Jr (3rd Fleet) Thomas C. Kinkaid (7th Fleet) Takeo Kurita (Centre Force) Shoji Nishimura â€  (Southern Force) Kiyohide Shima (Southern Force) Jisaburo Ozawa (Northern Force) Strength 17 aircraft carriers 18 escort carriers 12 battleships 24 cruisers 141 destroyers and destroyer escorts... This article covers the history of the Philippines from the granting of independence in 1946 to the end of the presidency of Diosdado Macapagal. ... The Hukbalahap was the militant arm of the Communist Party of the Philippines (CPP), formed in 1942 to fight the Japanese occupation in the Philippines during World War II. The term is a contraction of the Filipino term Hukbo ng Bayan Laban sa mga Hapon which means Peoples Army... This article covers the history of the Philippines during the presidency of Ferdinand Marcos. ... Proclamation No. ... The New Peoples Army (NPA), is a paramilitary group fighting for communist revolution in the Philippines. ... The First Quarter Storm was a period of unrest in the Philippines, composed of a series of heavy demonstrations, protests, and marches against the government from January to March 1970, two years before the Philippines were placed under martial law. ... This article covers the history of the Philippines following the 1986 EDSA Revolution. ... The EDSA Revolution, also referred to as the People Power Revolution and the Philippine Revolution of 1986, was a mostly nonviolent mass demonstration in the Philippines. ... The EDSA Revolution of 2001, also called by the local media as EDSA II (pronounced as Edsa dos) or the Second People Power Revolution, is the common name of the four-day popular revolution that peacefully overthrew Philippine President Joseph Estrada in January 2001. ... EDSA III (pronounced EDSA Tres), as was touted by some members of the Philippine media, was a very large protest rally that was sparked by the arrest in April 2001 of newly deposed President Joseph Estrada of the Philippines. ... The Philippines is currently under a state of emergency, announced by presidential spokeperson Ignacio Bunye on the morning of February 24, 2006. ... Judiciary Supreme Court Chief Justice Reynato Puno Court of Appeals · Sandiganbayan Court of Tax Appeals · Ombudsman Elections Commission on Elections Chairman: Resurreccion Z. Borra 2007 | 2004 | 2001 | 1998 1995 | 1992 | 1987 | 1986 | All Foreign relations Government Website Human rights Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      Map of the Philippines showing the... Judiciary Supreme Court Chief Justice Reynato Puno Court of Appeals · Sandiganbayan Court of Tax Appeals · Ombudsman Elections Commission on Elections Chairman: Resurreccion Z. Borra 2013 | 2010 | 2007 | 2004 | 2001 | 1998 1995 | 1992 | 1987 | 1986 | All Foreign relations Government Website Human rights Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      The province (Filipino: lalawigan... Judiciary Supreme Court Chief Justice Reynato Puno Court of Appeals · Sandiganbayan Court of Tax Appeals · Ombudsman Elections Commission on Elections 2007 | 2004 | 2001 | 1998 1995 | 1992 | 1986 | All Foreign relations Human rights Other countries Politics Portal      A city (lungsod, sometimes siyudad, in Filipino and Tagalog) is a tier of local... Judiciary Supreme Court Chief Justice Reynato Puno Court of Appeals · Sandiganbayan Court of Tax Appeals · Ombudsman Elections Commission on Elections 2007 | 2004 | 2001 | 1998 1995 | 1992 | 1987 | 1986 | All Foreign relations Government Website Human rights Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      A municipality (bayan, sometimes munisipyo, in Tagalog) is a local... A barangay (Tagalog: baranggay , pronounced as ba-rang-gai, gai as in guy), also known by its former name, the barrio, is the smallest local government unit in the Philippines and is the native Filipino term for a village, district or ward. ... // This is a list of active and extinct volcanoes in the Philippines. ... Judiciary Supreme Court Chief Justice Reynato Puno Court of Appeals · Sandiganbayan Court of Tax Appeals · Ombudsman Elections Commission on Elections 2007 | 2004 | 2001 | 1998 1995 | 1992 | 1987 | 1986 | All Foreign relations Government Website Human rights Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      The political system in the Philippines takes place in an... Judiciary Supreme Court Chief Justice Reynato Puno Court of Appeals · Sandiganbayan Court of Tax Appeals · Ombudsman Elections Commission on Elections Chairman: Resurreccion Z. Borra 2013 | 2010 | 2007 | 2004 | 2001 | 1998 1995 | 1992 | 1987 | 1986 | All Foreign relations Government Website Human rights Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      The President of the... Philippine Congress Session Hall The legislative power is vested in Congress, which consists of the Senate and the House of Representatives. ... The Senate of the Philippines is the upper chamber of the bicameral legislature of the Philippines, the Congress of the Philippines. ... Type Lower house Houses House of Representatives House Speaker Jose De Venecia, Jr. ... Judiciary Supreme Court Chief Justice Reynato Puno Court of Appeals · Sandiganbayan Court of Tax Appeals · Ombudsman Elections Commission on Elections 2007 | 2004 | 2001 | 1998 1995 | 1992 | 1986 | All Foreign relations Human rights Other countries Politics Portal      The Supreme Court of the Philippines (Filipino: Kataas-taasang Hukuman ng Pilipinas) is the... Judiciary Supreme Court Chief Justice Reynato Puno Court of Appeals · Sandiganbayan Court of Tax Appeals · Ombudsman Elections Commission on Elections 2007 | 2004 | 2001 | 1998 1995 | 1992 | 1987 | 1986 | All Foreign relations Government Website Human rights Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      Political parties in the Philippines are of diverse ideologies and... Judiciary Supreme Court Chief Justice Reynato Puno Court of Appeals · Sandiganbayan Court of Tax Appeals · Ombudsman Elections Commission on Elections 2007 | 2004 | 2001 | 1998 1995 | 1992 | 1987 | 1986 | All Foreign relations Human rights Other countries Politics Portal      The Lakas-Christian Muslim Democrats, also more popularly known as simply Lakas or... Judiciary Supreme Court Chief Justice Reynato Puno Court of Appeals · Sandiganbayan Court of Tax Appeals · Ombudsman Elections Commission on Elections 2007 | 2004 | 2001 | 1998 1995 | 1992 | 1987 | 1986 | All Foreign relations Human rights Political clans Other countriesAtlas  Politics Portal      The Kabalikat ng Malayang Pilipino (KAMPI, formerly the Kabalikat ng Mamamayang... Judiciary Supreme Court Chief Justice Reynato Puno Court of Appeals · Sandiganbayan Court of Tax Appeals · Ombudsman Elections Commission on Elections 2007 | 2004 | 2001 | 1998 1995 | 1992 | 1987 | 1986 | All Foreign relations Human rights Political clans Other countriesAtlas  Politics Portal      The Laban ng Demokratikong Pilipino (Struggle of Democratic Filipinos) is a... Judiciary Supreme Court Chief Justice Reynato Puno Court of Appeals · Sandiganbayan Court of Tax Appeals · Ombudsman Elections Commission on Elections 2007 | 2004 | 2001 | 1998 1995 | 1992 | 1987 | 1986 | All Foreign relations Human rights Political clans Other countriesAtlas  Politics Portal      The Nationalist Peoples Coalition or NPC is a political party... The Nacionalista Party logo with party motto, Ang Bayan Higit sa Lahat (Nation, Above All). ... The Liberal Party (Filipino: Partido Liberal) is a liberal party in the Philippines, founded in 1945 by a breakaway from the Nacionalista Party. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Judiciary Supreme Court Chief Justice Reynato Puno Court of Appeals · Sandiganbayan Court of Tax Appeals · Ombudsman Elections Commission on Elections 2007 | 2004 | 2001 | 1998 1995 | 1992 | 1987 | 1986 | All Foreign relations Human rights Other countries Politics Portal      The Philippines elects on national level a head of state: the President, and... This article is part of or related to the Liberalism series Categories: Politics stubs | Liberal related stubs | Liberalism by country | Philippines political parties ... U.S. President George W. Bush, Philippines President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, Mrs. ... Judiciary Supreme Court Chief Justice: Reynato Puno Ombudsman Elections Commission on Elections 2007 | 2004 | 2001 | 1998 1995 | 1992 | 1986 | 1984 1981 | 1978 | 1969 | 1965 1961 | 1957 | 1953 | 1949 1946 | 1941 | 1935 Foreign relations Human rights Other countries â€¢ Politics Portal      According to a U.S. Department of State report released in... ISO 4217 Code PHP User(s) Philippines Inflation 2. ... According to the 2000 Census, the population of the Philippines was 76,504,077. ... Language(s) Filipino, Bikol, Cebuano, English, Hiligaynon, Ilokano, Kapampangan, Pangasinan, Tagalog, Tausug, Waray-Waray, and over 100 others Religion(s) Predominantly Roman Catholic Various smaller Christian denominations Significant Muslim minority, Buddhist, others Related ethnic groups Dayak, Indonesian, Malaysian, and all Non-Muslim Indo-Malays Filipinos are the citizens of the... The culture of the Philippines reflects the complexity of the history of the Philippines through the blending of the culture of diverse indigenous civilizations with characteristics introduced via foreign influences. ... Art in the Philippines is influenced by the traditions of Europe, America and native Malay cultures. ... Philippine cuisine has evolved over several centuries from its Malay roots to a cuisine of predominantly Spanish base, due to the many Mexican and Spanish dishes brought to the islands during the colonial period. ... Bandila redirects here. ... The literature of the Philippines started with fables and legends of pre-colonial Philippines down to the Mexican (New Spain) and Spanish influences, but there was a pre-hispanical writing system. ... Holidays in the Philippines // New Years Day, or Araw ng Bagong Taon is celebrated with the family in or outside the house. ... The Philippines was among the worlds first basketball-playing nations; and Filipinos are some of the worlds most avid followers of the sport. ... Filipino Martial Arts The Philippines The Martial Culture from the Philippines. ... The Philippines first sent athletes to compete at the Olympic Games in 1924. ...

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