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Encyclopedia > Music of Wales

Wales is a part of the United Kingdom, but is a culturally and politically separate Celtic country. Its traditional music is related to the Celtic music of countries such as Ireland and Scotland. Welsh folk music has distinctive instrumentation and song types, and is often heard at a twmpath (folk dance session), gŵyl werin (folk festival) or noson lawen (traditional party or ceilidh). Modern Welsh folk musicians have sometimes had to reconstruct traditions which had been suppressed or forgotten, as well as compete with imported and indigenous rock and pop trends. The record label Fflach Tradd has become especially influential. There is also a thriving modern musical scene which spans several genres and two languages. Wales is also traditionally associated with the music of male choirs, with many Welsh Male Choirs, such as the Morriston Orpheus Choir, enjoying a world wide reputation. This article is about the country. ... This article is about the European people. ... // Music is an art form consisting of sound and silence expressed through time. ... Celtic music is a term utilized by record companies, music stores and music magazines to describe a broad grouping of musical genres that evolved out of the folk musical traditions of the Celtic peoples of Western Europe. ... Motto (Latin) No one provokes me with impunity Cha togar mfhearg gun dioladh (Scottish Gaelic) Wha daur meddle wi me?(Scots)1 Anthem (Multiple unofficial anthems) Scotlands location in Europe Capital Edinburgh Largest city Glasgow Official languages English, Gaelic and Scots1 Government Constitutional monarchy  -  Monarch Queen Elizabeth II... Folk music can have a number of different meanings, including: Traditional music: The original meaning of the term folk music was synonymous with the term Traditional music, also often including World Music and Roots music; the term Traditional music was given its more specific meaning to distinguish it from the... A twmpath is a Welsh barn dance, very similar in spirit to a ceilidh or a fest-noz. ... A music festival is a festival that presents a number of musical performances usually tied together through a theme or genre. ... The Morriston Orpheus Choir [1], based in Morriston, Wales, is one of the most famous male voice choirs in the world. ...

Celtic music Music of the United Kingdom
Brittany and Northern Spain England
Cornwall Scotland
Man Wales
Ireland Northern Ireland
Celtic Canada and Celtic America Caribbean and Indian

Contents

Celtic music is a term utilized by record companies, music stores and music magazines to describe a broad grouping of musical genres that evolved out of the folk musical traditions of the Celtic peoples of Western Europe. ... Music from the United Kingdom has achieved great international popularity since the 1960s, when a wave of British musicians helped to popularise rock and roll. ... Brittany is a Celtic country rich in its cultural heritage. ... traditional Asturian dancers The traditional music of Galicia and Asturias has some similarities with the neighbouring areas of Cantabria, León, Castile and northern Portugal. ... The Music of England has a long history. ... Cornwall has been historically Celtic, though Celtic-derived traditions had been moribund for some time before being revived during a late 20th century roots revival. ... Silly Wizard The Tannahill Weavers Scotland is internationally known for its traditional music, which has remained vibrant throughout the 20th century, when many traditional forms worldwide lost popularity to pop music. ... The Isle of Man is a small island nation in the Irish Sea, between Great Britain and Ireland. ... Irish music is a folk music which has remained vibrant throughout the 20th century, when many other traditional forms worldwide lost popularity to pop music. ... Celtic music is primarily associated with the folk traditions of Ireland, Scotland and Wales, as well as the popular styles derived from folk culture. ... Irish and Scottish music have long been a major part of American music, at least as far back as the 19th century. ... Jamaican music in the United Kingdom // White Reggae White reggae has very low artistic credibility, but it laid a path for genuine reggae in Britain. ...

Traditional music

Welsh folk is known for a variety of instrumental and vocal styles, as well as more recent singer-songwriters drawing on folk traditions. The term singer-songwriter refers to performers who both write and sing their own material. ...


The most traditional of Welsh instruments is the harp. The triple harp (telyn deires, "three-row harp") is a particularly distinctive tradition: it has three rows of strings, with every semitone separately represented, while modern concert harps use a pedal system to change key by stopping the relevant strings. It has been popularised through the efforts of Nansi Richards, Llio Rhydderch and Robin Huw Bowen. The harp is a stringed instrument which has the plane of its strings positioned perpendicular to the soundboard. ... It is the Triple Harp which lays claim to the prime place in the history of the harp in Wales. ... Nansi Richards Jones (1888 - 1979) of Penybontfawr, Oswestry, was known as the “Queen of the Harp”. An expert on both the triple and pedal harps, she always maintained that the greatest influences on her life were her father, the gypsies who stayed on their farm, and Tom Lloyd... Robin Huw Bowen an stage at the Festival Interceltique de Lorient in 2002 Robin Huw Bowen is a player of the Welsh Triple Harp, known in Welsh as Telyn Deires (English: ), and is recognised internationally as the leading exponent of the instrument. ...


Another distinctive instrument is the crwth, also a stringed instrument of a type once widespread in northern Europe, which, superseded by the fiddle, lingered on later in Wales than elsewhere but died out by the nineteenth century at the latest. A modern crwth in its case The crwth is an archaic stringed musical instrument, associated particularly with Wales, although once played widely in Europe. ... The term fiddle refers to a violin when used in folk music. ...


The fiddle is an integral part of Welsh folk music. Among its modern exponents are The Kilbrides from Cardiff, who play mostly in the South Welsh tradition but also perform tunes from throughout the British Isles. Cardiff (English:  , Welsh: ) is the capital, largest and core city of Wales. ... The British Isles in relation to mainland Europe The British Isles (French: , Irish: [1] or Oileáin Iarthair Eorpa,[2] Manx: Ellanyn Goaldagh, Scottish Gaelic: , Welsh: ), are a group of islands off the northwest coast of continental Europe comprising Great Britain, Ireland and a number of smaller islands. ...


See also Welsh Folk Revival, Welsh Bagpipes, Pibgorn and Crwth. Welsh Bagpipes and Pibgorn (Welsh pibgorn, pibgod, pibgwd, pibau cyrn, pibau cwd, or bacbib). ... A pibgorn is a Welsh musical instrument of the hornpipe family which uses reeds similar to those in a bagpipe chanter. ... A modern crwth in its case The crwth is an archaic stringed musical instrument, associated particularly with Wales, although once played widely in Europe. ...


History

For many years, Welsh folk music had been suppressed, due to the effects of the Act of Union, which promoted the English language, and the rise of the Methodist church in the 18th and 19th century. The church frowned on traditional music and dance, though folk tunes were sometimes used in hymns. Since at least the 12th century, Welsh bards and musicians have participated in musical and poetic contests called eisteddfodau; this is the equivalent of the Scottish Mod and the Irish Fleadh Cheoil. The Acts of Union 1536–1543 were a series of parliamentary measures by which Wales was annexed to England and the norms of English administration introduced in order to create a single state and a single legal jurisdiction, which is frequently referred to as England and Wales. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Wycliffe Tyndale · Luther · Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Pope · Archbishop of Canterbury Patriarch of Constantinople Christianity Portal This box:      For school of ancient... A hymn is a type of song, usually religious, specifically written for the purpose of praise, adoration or prayer, and typically addressed to a god or other religiously significant figure. ... The Bard (ca. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... A mod is a festival of Scottish Gaelic song, arts and culture. ... The Fleadh Cheoil (lit. ...


Welsh traditional music declined somewhat with the rise of Nonconformist religion in the 18th century, which emphasised choral singing over instruments, and religious over secular uses of music; traditional musical styles became associated with drunkenness and immorality. A nonconformist is an English or Welsh Protestant of any non-Anglican denomination, chiefly advocating religious liberty. ... (17th century - 18th century - 19th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 18th century refers to the century that lasted from 1701 through 1800. ...


In the 1860s, however, a revival of sorts began, with the formation of the National Eisteddfod Society, followed by the foundation of London-area Welsh Societies and the publication of Nicholas Bennett's Alawon fy Nghwlad ("Tunes of my Land"), a compilation of traditional tunes, in the 1890s. This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... Nicholas Jerome Bennett (born 7 May 1949) is a British Conservative politician. ...


By the late 1970s, Wales, like many of its neighbours, had seen the beginning of a roots revival, the beginnings of which can be traced back to the 1960s folk singer-songwriter Dafydd Iwan. Iwan was instrumental in the creation of a modern Welsh folk scene, and is known for fiercely patriotic and nationalistic songs, as well as the foundation of the Sain record label. The Festival Interceltique de Lorient saw the formation of Ar Log, who spearheaded a revival of Welsh fiddling and harp-playing, and continued recording into the 21st century. Welsh folk rock includes a number of bands, such as Moniars, Blue Horses and Bob Delyn a'r Ebillion. A roots revival (folk revival) is a trend which includes young performers popularizing the traditional musical styles of their ancestors. ... The 1960s decade refers to the years from January 1, 1960 to December 31, 1969, inclusive. ... Dafydd Iwan (born August 24, 1943) is the president of Plaid Cymru -- The Party of Wales. ... Sain (Welsh for Sound), in full - Sain Recordiau Cyf (Sound Records Ltd) is an influential Welsh record label, which was instrumental in the Welsh folk revival. ... The Festival Interceltique de Lorient (fr) or Gouelioù Etrekeltiek An Oriant (br) was founded in Lorient, Brittany in 1971. ... Ar Log is a Welsh folk music band. ... Bob Dylans folk-rock album, Blonde on Blonde Folk-rock is a musical genre, combining elements of folk music and rock music. ... Decidedly at the heavy end of the folk rock spectrum, Bluehorses fuse Celtic themes, classic rock improvisations and thoughtful, witty lyrics. ...


Sain was founded by Iwan, Brian Morgan Edwards and Huw Jones. Originally, the label signed a bevy of Welsh singers, mostly with overtly political lyrics, eventually branching out into a myriad of different styles. These included country music (John ac Alun), singer-songwriters (Meic Stevens), stadium rock (The Alarm) and classical singers (Aled Jones, Bryn Terfel). Brian Morgan Edwards (1934-2003) was a Welsh businessman, and a prominent supporter of Plaid Cymru. ... This article includes a list of works cited but its sources remain unclear because it lacks in-text citations. ... Meic Stevens is a Welsh singer-songwriter. ... Stadium Rock was a term that referred to a large concert usually held in stadiums. ... The Alarm are a Welsh alternative rock band, who were most popular in the 1980s. ... Aled Jones (born 29 December 1970) is a Welsh singer and television/radio personality and broadcaster who first came to fame as a boy soprano. ... Bryn Terfel The Welsh baritone Bryn Terfel, CBE (born November 9, 1965) is one of the best-known contemporary opera and concert singers. ...


The folk revival picked up energy in the 1980s with Robin Huw Bowen and other musicians achieving great commercial and critical success. Later into the 1990s, a new wave of bands including Fernhill, Rag Foundation, Bob Delyn A'r Ebillion, Moniars, Carreg Lafar, Jac y Do, Boys From The Hill and Gwerinos found popularity. Jac y Do, as well as several other bands (including Llawer Mwy), now perform twmpathau all over the country for social gatherings and public events. The 1990s also saw the creation of Fflach Tradd, a label which soon came to dominate the Welsh folk record industry with a series of compilations, as well as thematic projects like Ffidil, which featured 13 fiddlers. Some Welsh performers have mixed traditional influences, especially the language, into imported genres, especially John ac Alun, a Welsh language country duo who are perhaps the best-known contemporary performers in Welsh. Carreg Lafar is one of the bands at the forefront of the Welsh traditional music scene. ... Llawer Mwy is a Welsh folk band based around Aberystwyth. ... John ac Alun are a Country and Western duo from Wales. ... Welsh redirects here, and this article describes the Welsh language. ... This article includes a list of works cited but its sources remain unclear because it lacks in-text citations. ...


Pop and rock

In the non-traditional arena, many Welsh musicians have been present in popular rock and pop, either as individuals in groups (e.g. John Cale of the Velvet Underground, Green Gartside of Scritti Politti, Julian Cope of Teardrop Explodes), or as bands formed in Wales (e.g. the Alarm, Man, Budgie , Badfinger), but not until the 1990s did Welsh bands begin to be seen as a particular grouping. Following on from an underground post-punk movement in the 1980's, led by bands like Datblygu and Fflaps, the 1990s saw a considerable flowering of Welsh rock groups (in both Welsh and English languages) such as Catatonia, Manic Street Preachers, Feeder, Stereophonics, Super Furry Animals, and Gorky's Zygotic Mynci. For other uses, see Rock music (disambiguation). ... For popular forms of music in general, see Popular music. ... John Davies Cale (born March 9, 1942) is a Welsh musician, songwriter and record producer. ... This article is about the American rock band. ... Green Gartside is the primary force behind Scritti Politti, a band best known for their work in the 1980s, but who have recently enjoyed a renaissance through the 2006-released White Bread Black Beer. ... Scritti Politti are a Welsh musical band. ... Julian Cope (born Julian David Cope, on 21 October 1957) is an Welsh rock musician, writer, antiquary, musicologist, poet and forward-thinker who came to prominence as singer of Liverpool post-punk band The Teardrop Explodes in 1978. ... The Teardrop Explodes (L to R) Alan Gill, Julian Cope, Gary Dwyer and David Balfe The Teardrop Explodes was a British New Wave/Neo-Psychedelic band formed in Liverpool in 1978. ... The Alarm are a Welsh alternative rock band, who were most popular in the 1980s. ... Man are a legendary rock band from south Wales, originally the second incarnation of Welsh rock harmony group The Bystanders: Micky Jones, Clive John, Ray Williams and Jeffrey Jones. ... Budgie is a hard rock band from Cardiff, South Glamorgan, Wales. ... Badfinger were a rock/pop band formed in Swansea, Wales in 1965, and one of the earliest representatives of the power pop genre. ... For the band, see 1990s (band). ... Post punk generally refers to the particularly fertile and creative period following the initial punk rock explosion. During the first wave of punk, roughly spanning 1976-1983, bands such as The Sex Pistols, The Clash, The Ramones and The Damned began to challenge the current styles and conventions of rock... Datblygu (meaning develop) was an experimental Welsh rock group in the 1980s and early to mid-1990s, now regarded as a catalyst of the new wave of Welsh rock in the early 80s. ... Fflaps was a Welsh post-punk group in the late 1980s and early 1990s. ... Catatonia were a popular music band from Wales who gained a national following in the United Kingdom in the mid-late 1990s. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Feeder are an award-winning British rock band, founded in Newport, South Wales in 1992. ... Stereophonics are a rock band from Wales with original members Kelly Jones, Richard Jones (no relation to Kelly) and Stuart Cable, who grew up together in Cwmaman in the South Wales valleys. ... Super Furry Animals (also known as SFA, the Furries and the Super Furries) are a Welsh rock band, with leanings towards psychedelic rock and electronic experimentation. ... Gorkys Zygotic Mynci are a Welsh popular music band. ...


The 21st century has seen the emergence of a number of new bands, including Bullet for My Valentine, Xms3, The Automatic, SDR, Lostprophets, Goldie Lookin' Chain (GLC), People in Planes and Funeral for a Friend. There is a thriving Welsh-language contemporary music scene ranging from rock to hip-hop which routinely attracts large crowds and audiences, but they tend to be covered only by the Welsh-language media. More abrasive alternative acts such as Jarcrew and Mclusky - both well-known within the independent music community and known as Welsh acts - have also received modest commercial success in the UK (and, in Mclusky's case, in the US and Australia). This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The Automatic are a Welsh four piece band who met in Cowbridge, Glamorgan, but are now based in Cardiff. ... SDR may mean: Santander Airport, IATA airport code Software-defined radio, radio communication system which uses software for the modulation and demodulation of radio signals Somalia, previously known as the Somali Democratic Republic Special Drawing Rights, in the International Monetary Fund Strategic Defence Review, a United Kingdom Ministry of Defence... Lostprophets are a Welsh alternative metal/alternative rock band formed in 1997. ... Goldie Lookin Chain are a hip hop group based in Newport, South Wales. ... People in Planes are a five piece Indie rock band from Cardiff, Wales. ... For the Elton John song, see Funeral for a Friend/Love Lies Bleeding. ... Jarcrew, circa 2003 at the Pop Factory in Porth, Wales. ... mclusky was a three-piece rock group from Cardiff, Wales. ...


Welsh bands have the outlet for audiences, on such media as BBC Wales, BBC Cymru, S4C and The Pop Factory. BBC Wales (Welsh: ) is a division of the British Broadcasting Corporation for Wales. ... BBC Wales (or BBC Cymru) is the regional branch of the British Broadcasting Corporation for Wales, and is based at Broadcasting House in Cardiff, not to be confused with Broadcasting House in London, which is the headquarters of BBC Radio. ... S4C (Sianel Pedwar Cymru, which is Welsh for Channel Four Wales) is a television channel in Wales. ... The Pop Factory (TPF) is a Welsh TV show, known as the Welsh Top Of The Pops. ...


In particular, BBC Radio 1's Bethan and Huw and BBC Radio Wales' Adam Walton support new Welsh music on their respective networks (currently on Thursday nights 19:30 - 21:00hrs and Sunday night 22:00 - 01:00hrs respectively).


References

  • Price, William. "Harps, Bards and the Gwerin". 2000. In Broughton, Simon and Ellingham, Mark with McConnachie, James and Duane, Orla (Ed.), World Music, Vol. 1: Africa, Europe and the Middle East, pp 313-319. Rough Guides Ltd, Penguin Books. ISBN 1-85828-636-0
  • Mathieson, Kenny. "Wales, Isle of Man and England". 2001. In Mathieson, Kenny (Ed.), Celtic music, pp. 88-95. Backbeat Books. ISBN 0-87930-623-8

  Results from FactBites:
 
Culture of Wales - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (899 words)
Wales is often known by the phrase "the Land of Song" (Welsh: Gwlad y Gân) and its people have a renowned affinity for poetry and music.
The largest religion in Wales is Christianity, with 72% of the population declaring to be Christian in the 2001 census.
The Presbyterian Church of Wales is the largest denomination and was born out of the Welsh Methodist revival in the eighteenth century and seceded from the Church of England in 1811.
Wales - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (4284 words)
Wales is located in the south-west of Great Britain and is bordered by the English counties of Cheshire, Shropshire, Herefordshire, and Gloucestershire to the east, the Bristol Channel to the south, St George's Channel to the southwest, and the Irish Sea to the west and north.
Wales has not been a sovereign state since 1282, when King Edward I of England defeated Welsh monarch Llywelyn II in the Battle of Cilmeri, although Welsh law was not replaced in all cases by English law until the Laws in Wales Acts 1535-1542.
The population of Wales in the 2001 census was 2,903,085.
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