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Encyclopedia > Music of Peru
Culture of
Peru

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Visual arts The Culture of Peru was shaped by the relationship between Hispanic and Amerindian cultures. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Machu Picchu is a worldwide known example of peruvian architecture. ... Peruvian cuisine is considered one of the most diverse in the world and is on par with French, Chinese, and Indian cuisine. ... Marinera Norteña, the most representative dance in Peru. ... In the history of Peruvian literature, the oral indigenous tradition and the technical resources of writing (incorporated by Spaniards) converge in each other. ... This article discusses the visual arts of Peru; for customs and way of life, see Culture of Peru. ...

Peruvian music is an amalgamation of sounds and styles drawing on the Peru's Andean musical roots and Spanish musical influences. A quena, a traditional Andean instrument Andean music comes from the approximate area inhabited by the Incas prior to European contact. ... For many people, Spanish music is virtually synonymous with flamenco, an Andalucian-Gitano form of music. ...


Native Peruvian music is dominated by the national instrument, the charango. The charango is a type of mandolin, and was invented in Bolivia by musicians imitating Spanish lutes and guitars. In the Canas and Titicaca regions, the charango is used in courtship rituals, symbolically invoking mermaids with the instrument to lure the woman to the male performers. Until the 1960s, the charango was denigrated as an instrument of the rural poor. After the revolution in 1959, which built upon the Indigenismo movement (19101940), the charango was popularized among other performers. A musical instrument is a device constructed or modified with the purpose of making music. ... Visit the Guitar Portal A Bolivian charango This article is about an instrument. ... This article is about the musical instrument. ... A medieval era lute. ... For other uses, see Guitar (disambiguation). ... Canas is a municipality in the state of São Paulo in Brazil. ... A boat made of reeds on Lake Titicaca. ... For other uses, see Mermaid (disambiguation). ... The 1960s decade refers to the years from 1960 to 1969. ... Year 1959 (MCMLIX) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... List of Mexican American, Indigenismo and Americanismo writers. ... Year 1910 (MCMX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday [1] of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Year 1940 (MCMXL) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full 1940 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Raul Romero's recordings of saxophone and clarinet ensembles from the Mantaro Valley have proved extremely influential. The saxophone (colloquially referred to as sax) is a conical-bored instrument of the woodwind family. ... Two soprano clarinets: a Bâ™­ clarinet (left, with capped mouthpiece) and an A clarinet (right, with no mouthpiece). ... The Mantaro Valley, with its main city of Huancayo, lies east of the capital of Peru, Lima. ...

Contents

Andean Peruvian music

A Peruvian man playing the zampoña.
A Peruvian man playing the zampoña.

Andean music is rooted in the traditional native music, the Spanish orquestal and European Church music. The southern Andean region is famous for the Huayno, a mestizo happy chant that involves Charango guitar, beautifully-toned lamenting vocals and sometimes the Andean Harp. The Huayno Ayacuchano is probably the most famous of its styles since it is played on Creole and even Spanish guitar, adding to its feel an even a more soulful and romantic expression. Image File history File links Caption: MCCONNELL AIR FORCE BASE, Kan. ... Image File history File links Caption: MCCONNELL AIR FORCE BASE, Kan. ... Pan pipes (also known as the panflute or the syrinx or quills) is an ancient musical instrument based on the principle of the stopped pipe, consisting usually of ten or more pipes of gradually increasing length. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... Christian music is music created by or adapted for the Christian church. ... Huayño (Quechua: , Spanish: ) is a genre of popular Andean music, especially common in Peru ,Bolivia, and Argentina. ... Visit the Guitar Portal A Bolivian charango This article is about an instrument. ... For other uses, see Harp (disambiguation). ...


The southern Andean region, also involves "La Quena", "Zampoña or Zicu" the "Pinkullo", "Moceños", "Tarkas" etc. All wind instrument some times performed for more than 40 o 50 poeple called "Tropas" ="Troups"



Cusco, Puno and Apurimac have a more pure native feel to their music whom even incorporate violins. Famous tunes are the "Wayño Cusqueño" anValicha or "Walicha" which is the name a Woman from Cusco Named "Valeria". But this "Huayno" is not pure native, is a "Mestizo" music, has a composer [HURTADO]from Cusco. "The "Muliza", "Huyalarsh" "Pasacalles" tunes are from Huancayo, Huancavelica, Jauja, Center Of Peru, whom are dances for farmland work. Other Andean rhythms involve a fusion of European Church music and Huaynos such as the known song "El Cóndor Pasa", a traditional Peruvian song composed by DANIEL ALOMIAS ROBLES (was born in HUANUCO PERU), originaly this songs was an "Opereta" for Shimpony Orchestra, played later in his folk verstion, popularized in the United States by the folk duo Simon & Garfunkel and featured in the movie "The Graduate". The original composition consists of a "Fox Incaico", followed by "Mestizo" "Pasacalle" and a Huayno fugue, three traditional Mestizo rhythms. This article is the city in Peru. ... Nickname: Location in Peru Country Peru Region Puno Region Province Puno Province Elevation 3,860 m m (12,421 ft) Population  - City 100 168 Time zone UTC-5 (UTC) Website: PUNO PERU[2] [3]Puno is a city in southeastern [[[Peru]]], located at the edge of Lake Titicaca, the world... Apur mac is a region in central Peru. ... El Cóndor Pasa is a Peruvian zarzuela, or musical play, and its more famous title song. ... Bridge Over Troubled Water was Simon and Garfunkels last album; the title track was their only number one hit in the United Kingdom. ... For the novel of the same name, see The Graduate (novel). ... In music a passacaglia (French: passacaille, Spanish: passacalle or pasacalle) is a musical form and the corresponding court dance. ...


Jorge Bravo de Rueda's famous "Vírgenes del Sol" was popularized in 1951 by Yma Súmac. Jorge Bravo de Rueda (born September 13, 1895, in Chancay, Peru - deceased November 22, 1940, in the Rímac District of Lima, Peru) was a Peruvian pianist and composer. ... Yma Sumac on the cover of her collection The Ultimate Yma Sumac Collection Yma Súmac (born in Ichocán, Cajamarca, Perú September 10, 1922), also earlier spelled Ymma Sumak (from Ima Shumaq, Quechua for how beautiful!)[1] or Imma Sumack, is a noted dramatic coloratura soprano of Peruvian origin. ...


Arequipa is region that probably that resembles best the mixing of the Spanish and the Andean cultures. Arequipa city is the proud creator of the famous Yaraví, or "Harawi" a melancholy style that involves Spanish or Creole guitar that is sung A Capela. It has been popularized to the rest of the Andean communities after the Pacific War in honor of Mariano Melgar (local hero). The music evokes to the solitude of the mountains, the miners and the Andean farmer. It is a mix of gypsy Zards and Huayno. For the cactus genus, see Oreocereus. ... The word Andean refers to the geographic area in and around the Andes Mountains of South America, and to the indigenous peoples that inhabit the area, such as the Inca. ... For the cactus genus, see Oreocereus. ... A cappella music is vocal music or singing without instrumental accompaniment, or a piece intended to be performed in this way. ... For other uses, see Pacific War (disambiguation). ... Mariano Melgar Mariano Melgar (1791-1815) was a Peruvian patriot, poet, artist, and warrior for the cause of independence from Spain. ... AdventureQuest (also referred to by its website name BattleOn or simply as AQ) is an online single-player RPG developed by Artix Entertainment in 2002. ... Huayño (Quechua: , Spanish: ) is a genre of popular Andean music, especially common in Peru ,Bolivia, and Argentina. ...


The Huaylas of the central Andes, by contrast, is a cheery, rhythmic style mostly popular around Cerro de Pasco, Huanuco' Huaylas may refer to the following: Huaylas (Province) - a province in the Ancash Region in Central Perú Huaylas (District) - a district in the Huaylas Province Huaylas (Perú) - a town in the Huaylas District Callejón de Huaylas - the valley of Río Santa in the Ancash Region This is a... Cerro de Pasco (population 70,000) is a city in central Peru. ... Huánuco is a city in central Peru. ...


In Huaraz, "Huayno" is Called "Chuscada"


Huayno

Perhaps the purest expression of Pre-Columbian music is huayno, which is popular throughout Peru, its modern center of innovation, as well as the other Andean countries of Bolivia, Chile, and Ecuador. Modern singers like Picaflor de los Andes, Flor Pucarina and El Jilguero de Huascaran have become superstars in Latin America. The music spread from the interior to the coast in the 1950s, supplanting the musica criolla, a mishmash of tango and other Western music and dance forms. Lately other artists such as Kuyayky have defined their brand of world music looking back at the acoustic origins of huayno music. The pre-Columbian era incorporates all period subdivisions in the history and prehistory of the Americas before the appearance of significant European influences on the Americas continent. ... Huayño (Quechua: , Spanish: ) is a genre of popular Andean music, especially common in Peru ,Bolivia, and Argentina. ... Víctor Alberto Gil Mallma, better known as Picaflor de Los Andes (born in Huancayo in 1930 - † 1975) was a Peruvian folk singer. ... El Jilguero del Huascarán is the stage name of Ernesto Sánchez Fajardo, a modern Latin American singer known for songs in the Pre-Columbian Peruvian genre of music known as Huayno. ... Latin America consists of the countries of South America and some of North America (including Central America and some the islands of the Caribbean) whose inhabitants mostly speak Romance languages, although Native American languages are also spoken. ... The 1950s decade refers to the years 1950 to 1959 inclusive. ... Musica criolla is a Peruvian genre of music, which combines African, Spanish and other influences, especially polkas and waltzes. ... Tango is a style of music that originated among European immigrant populations of Argentina and Uruguay. ... Kuyayky is one of the most popular and newly influential bands in Andean music. ...


Martha Palomino is one of the latest artists that is becoming popular with hits such as 'Yo soy el Carnaval' a DVD she released in 2006. She has been singing Peruvian folk songs since the age of five.


Coastal Peruvian music

The coast has a different feel to its music than its Andean counterpart. It is called musica criolla and it's rooted in a fusion that evokes to traditional Spanish, Gypsy (Roma People) and African influence. Languages Romani, languages of native region Religions Christianity, Islam Related ethnic groups South Asians (Desi) The Roma (singular Rom; sometimes Rroma, Rrom) or Romanies are an ethnic group living in many communities all over the world. ... World map showing location of Africa A satellite composite image of Africa Africa is the worlds second_largest continent in both area and population, after Asia. ...


It combines traditional European rhythms, strong gypsy emotional flair deriving from Flamenco and eastern European Zards, and also African based chorus and percussion. Flamenco is a Spanish musical genre with strong, rhythmic undertones and is often accompanied with a similarly impassioned style of dance characterized by its powerful yet graceful execution, as well as its intricate hand and footwork. ... AdventureQuest (also referred to by its website name BattleOn or simply as AQ) is an online single-player RPG developed by Artix Entertainment in 2002. ... World map showing location of Africa A satellite composite image of Africa Africa is the worlds second_largest continent in both area and population, after Asia. ...


This mixture is rooted especially in the central and northern coast, and has provided the wide range of dance and musical styles we hear today. Lima for example, is most well known musical style Peruvian Waltz known elsewhere as vals peruano and valsesito peruano. The rhythm involves a singer, a chorus, Creole Guitar, Peruvian Cajón and spoon players. It is widely popularised by the great Chabuca Granda, who is considered the most important composer of coastal Creole music, with such songs as La Flor de La Canela, Fina Estampa, and José Antonio. Other commonly known Peruvian valse tunes are Alma Corazon y Vida, Odiame, Propiedad Privada, El Plebeyo, and El Rosario de Mi Madre, some of these songs are twisted to Bolero or Salsa version by Caribbean artists. For other uses, see Lima (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Guitar (disambiguation). ... A cajón (Spanish for crate, drawer, or box, pronounced ka. ... West Indies redirects here. ...


Afro Peruvian music is commonly performed by duos of Creole guitars, the Cajon, Cajita and the peculiar Quijada de Burro. A caj n (Spanish for crate, drawer, or box, pronounced ka. ... Binomial name Wendt, S.A.Mori & Prance The Cajita or Jicarillo (Eschweilera mexicana) is a species of woody plant in the Lecythidaceae family. ...


Examples of these dances are the Festejo and Landó, which are common to Afro-Peruvian communities of the southern coast. Susana Baca is a renowned singer and composer of Afro Peruvian music. She won a Grammy award in 2002 for her album Lamento Negro. Susana Baca de la Colina (b. ...


The Marinera or Zamacueca of the central coast Lima is the current National Dance of Peru, named in honour of the marines who fought against the Chilean military in the War of the Pacific. Among Peruvians of the coast, it is considered as traditional and representative as the Tango is to Argentina. The dance evokes from a mixture of Eastern European gypsy, flamenco and the elegance of the Peruvian Paso Horse. Many people take classes and look forward to the annual Marinera Festival held in the city of Trujillo every July, with thousands in attendance. Marinera, the most representative dance in Peru. ... For other uses, see Lima (disambiguation). ... Combatants Republic of Peru Republic of Bolivia Republic of Chile Commanders Juan Buendía Andrés Cáceres Miguel Grau Manuel Baquedano Patricio Lynch Juan Williams Strength Peru-Bolivian Army 7,000 soldiers in 1878 Peruvian Navy 2 ironclad, 1 corvette, 1 gunboat Army of Chile 4,000 soldiers in... For the modern international dance form that evolved from the Argentine Tango, see Tango (dance). ... Motto: La Ciudad de la Eterna Primavera (The City of Eternal Spring) Location in Peru Coordinates: Country Peru Region La Libertad Province Trujillo Province Founded 6 December 1534 Government  - Type Democracy  - Mayor César Acuña Peralta Area  - City 1,768. ...


In the northern coast especially Lambayeque and Piura, the people are most famous for the Cumananas and the Tondero dance. These are the oldest and most mestizo expressions of Peruvian music and derive from the encountered mixture of the Gypsies, Africans slaves and migrant Andean cultures. The name Lambayeque originates from Llampayec, an idol that was worshipped in northern Peru. ... Piura: Plaza de Armas Piura is a city in northwestern Peru. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Languages Romani, languages of native region Religions Christianity, Islam Related ethnic groups South Asians (Desi) The Roma (singular Rom; sometimes Rroma, Rrom) or Romanies are an ethnic group living in many communities all over the world. ... World map showing location of Africa A satellite composite image of Africa Africa is the worlds second_largest continent in both area and population, after Asia. ... The word Andean refers to the geographic area in and around the Andes Mountains of South America, and to the indigenous peoples that inhabit the area, such as the Inca. ...


Peruvian coastal music has in its rich structure the participation of a local instrument called the Cajon. This instrument has been mistaken very frequently with a Spanish origin (the Cajon was introduced in Spain around the 1980s by Paco de Lucia), but the truth is that the Cajon has been utilized in Peruvian music since the colonial times. Although it might also have gypsy influence it has been proved that the instrument is strictly of Peruvian origin since it is rooted in the Tondero, the Zamacueca, the Resbalosa and Peruvian coastal Creole rhythms before any other expressions.


Chicha

Chicha is a popular fusion of huayno, rock and roll and cumbia. It arose in places like Lima, Huancayo and Arequipa, soon spreading throughout Peru. The first chicha hit song was "La Chichera" by Los Demonios de Mantaro. Other famous performers include Belem, Pastorita Huaracina, and Los Shapis. One of the last recognized artists is Chacalón, who died some years ago and was known because of his hit "Soy provinciano", which its lyrics tells about the life for country people in Lima, new comers have introduced samplers and synthesisers mixing the chicha, cumbia and dance styles known as Tecnocumbia, the most recent exponents are: Deslimites, Kasualidad and Lagrimas Agua Bella. Rock and roll (also spelled Rock n Roll, especially in its first decade), also called rock, is a form of popular music, usually featuring vocals (often with vocal harmony), electric guitars and a strong back beat; other instruments, such as the saxophone, are common in some styles. ... Monument to the dance and music of cumbia in El Banco. ... This article is about Lima, Peru. ... Huancayo is the capital of the Junín Region, in the central highlands of Peru. ... For the cactus genus, see Oreocereus. ... Bel m is a city in the nothern part of Brazil. ... Pastorita Huaracina (December 19, 1930 - May 2001) born María Alvarado Trujillo, was a Peruvian singer who strongly identified with the traditions of the rural Andes. ... Los Shapis is a chicha group from Peru. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Lagrimas was the first single of JD Natashas first album Imperfect-Imperfecta. ... Caramelo caliente is the best Agua Bella is a female technocumbia music band from Peru. ...


Choro and conjunto bands are also popular, and have gained popularity in tourist strongholds like Lima and Ollantaytambo, where a fusion with Western music has resulted in new forms like Andean New Age. Choro, also called chorinho, is a Brazilian popular music style. ... Tejano is also the name of Texans of Spanish origin. ... This article is about Lima, Peru. ... Ollantaytambo terraces Ollantaytambo is a town in southern Peru, located in the district of Ollantaytambo, province of Urubamba, Cusco region. ... Andean New Age (music) is a product of Peruvian flute and Paraguayan harp music. ...


Peruvian rock

Main article: Peruvian rock
Andean music

Argentina | Bolivia | Chile | Ecuador | Peru Rock entered the Peruvian scene in the mid- to late-1950s, through listening to performers like Elvis Presley, Buddy Holly and Bill Haley, who popularized rockabilly in the United States. ... A quena, a traditional Andean instrument Andean music comes from the approximate area inhabited by the Incas prior to European contact. ...

Latin American music

Argentina - Bolivia - Brazil - Chile - Colombia - Costa Rica - Cuba - Dominican Republic - Ecuador - El Salvador
Guatemala - Haiti - Honduras - Mexico - Nicaragua - Panama - Paraguay - Peru - Puerto Rico - United States: Tejano - Uruguay - Venezuela
See also: Andean - Caribbean - Central America - Portugal - Spain Latin American music, sometimes simply called Latin music, includes the music of all countries in Latin America and comes in many varieties, from the simple, rural conjunto music of northern Mexico to the sophisticated habanera of Cuba, from the symphonies of Heitor Villa-Lobos to the simple and moving Andean... Tejano (Spanish for Texan) or Tex-Mex[1] music is the name given to various forms of folk and popular music originating among the Hispanic-descended Tejanos of Central and South Texas. ... A quena, a traditional Andean instrument Andean music comes from the approximate area inhabited by the Incas prior to European contact. ... The music of the Caribbean is a diverse grouping of musical genres. ... Central America is a is dominated by the popular Latin musical trends, including salsa, cumbia, mariachi, reggae, calypso and nueva canción. ...

See also

Musica criolla is a Peruvian genre of music, which combines African, Spanish and other influences, especially polkas and waltzes. ... Rock entered the Peruvian scene in the mid- to late-1950s, through listening to performers like Elvis Presley, Buddy Holly and Bill Haley, who popularized rockabilly in the United States. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Huayno Music of Peru (288 words)
Music from the Peruvian Andean heritage by popular commercial recording artists who came from the high mountains to Lima in search of better economic opportunities.
Like contemporary North American musical hybrids, moreover, the kinds and combinations of instruments are often surprising: harps and harmonicas, mandolins and saxophones, panpipes and accordions, as well as guitars, violins and charangas.
Nor, though the sound is often ethereal and spacey, does this music display the directionlessness of the New Agers.
Peru - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1058 words)
The Republic of Peru, (Spanish: República del Perú), or Peru, is a country in western South America, bordering Ecuador and Colombia to the north, Brazil to the east, Bolivia to the east, south-east and south, Chile to the south, and the Pacific Ocean to the west.
Peru is rich in cultural anthropology, and is well-known as the cradle of the Inca empire.
Peru is one of only three countries in Latin America whose largest population segment is comprised of unmixed Amerindians - the other two being Bolivia and Guatemala, where almost half of all Peruvians are Amerindian, or 45 percent of the total population.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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