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Encyclopedia > Music of Northumbria
Music of the United Kingdom
History Nationalities
Early popular music England
1950s and 60s Scotland
1970s Wales
1980s Ireland
1990s to present Caribbean and Indian
Genres: (Samples) Classical - Folk - Hip hop - Opera - Popular - Rock - Jazz
Timeline: 1999 - 2000 - 2001 - 2002 - 2003 - 2004 - 2005 - 2006
Awards Mercury, Brit Awards
Charts UK Singles Chart, UK classical chart, UK Albums Chart
Festivals Glastonbury Festival
Media NME - Melody Maker
National anthem "God Save the Queen"
Regions and territories
Birmingham - Cornwall - Man - Manchester - Northumbria - Somerset

Anguilla - Bermuda - Cayman Islands - Gibraltar - Montserrat - Turks and Caicos - Virgin Islands Music from the United Kingdom has achieved great international popularity since the 1960s, when a wave of British musicians helped to popularize rock and roll. ... The diverse nations that now make up the United Kingdom were much more distinct from each other prior to modern times. ... Template:Englishmusic England has a long musical history. ... Indigenous styles of music production and performance dominated the United Kingdom until the late 1950s, when imported American rock and roll, pop-folk and rockabilly gained fans among British youth, while American roots music, especially the blues, found its own devoted fanbase. ... Scotland is a Celtic-Germanic country, located to the north of England on the island of Great Britain. ... In the 1970s, music from the United Kingdom further diversified. ... Wales is a part of the United Kingdom, but a culturally distinct Celtic country. ... In the early 1980s, the death of Sid Vicious (of the Sex Pistols) and the alleged selling-out of bands like The Clash and The Jam led to still-frequent cries that punk is dead. ... In the early 1990s, American alternative rock bands became mainstream in the US and achieved great popularity in the UK as well. ... Jamaican music in the United Kingdom // White Reggae White reggae has very low artistic credibility, but it laid a path for genuine reggae in Britain. ... This article, Classical music of the United Kingdom, includes a history of the form and discussion of its most notable composers and musicians. ... It has been suggested that English hip hop be merged into this article or section. ... British opera is opera which was composed either in Britain or by a composer of British nationality. ... Music from the United Kingdom has achieved great international popularity since the 1960s, when the British Invasion peaked. ... British rock was born out of the influence of rock and roll and rhythm and blues from the United States, but added a new drive and urgency, exporting the music back and widening the audience for black R & B in the U.S. as well as spreading the gospel world... Britain has been home to a number of noted jazz musicians. ... English Music Years 1500 - 1899 in English music Years 1900 - 1949 in English music Years 1950 - 1959 in English music Years 1960 - 1969 in English music Years 1970 - 1979 in English music Years 1980 - 1989 in English music Years 1990 - 1999 in English music Years 2000 - 2010 in English music... This is a summary of 1999 in music in the United Kingdom, including the official charts from that year. ... This is a summary of 2000 in music in the United Kingdom, including the official charts from that year. ... This is a summary of 2001 in music in the United Kingdom, including the official charts from that year. ... This is a summary of 2002 in music in the United Kingdom, including the official charts from that year. ... This is a summary of 2003 in music in the United Kingdom, including the official charts from that year. ... This is a summary of 2004 in music in the United Kingdom, including the official charts from that year. ... This is a summary of the current year in music in the United Kingdom, including the official charts. ... This is a summary of the current year in the United Kingdom including the official single and album charts. ... The Mercury Music Prize is a music award given annually for the best British or Irish album of the previous 12 months. ... Kaiser Chiefs collecting one of their three Brit Awards, 2006 with Vic Reeves. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... The UK classical chart is a commercial monitoring and marketing device used by the UK music industry to measure its effectiveness in promoting and selling CDs, nominally in the field of classical music. ... The UK Albums Chart is a chart of the sales positions of albums in the United Kingdom. ... A music festival is a festival that presents a number of musical performances usually tied together through a theme or genre. ... The Glastonbury Festival of Contemporary Performing Arts, commonly abbreviated to Glastonbury Festival or Glasto, is the largest greenfield music and performing arts festival in the world. ... The New Musical Express (better known as the NME) is a music magazine in the UK which has been published weekly since March 1952. ... Melody Maker, published in the United Kingdom, was (until its closure) the worlds oldest weekly music newspaper. ... A national anthem is a generally patriotic musical composition that is evoking and eulogizing the history, traditions and struggles of its people, recognzed either by a nations government as the official national song, or by convention through use by the people. ... God Save the King/Queen is a patriotic song whose origin remains a matter of speculation. ... Birmingham is a city in England. ... Cornwall is a region in the southwest United Kingdom which has been historically Celtic, though Celtic-derived traditions had been moribund for some time before being revived during a late 20th century roots revival. ... The Isle of Man is a small island in between Great Britain and Ireland. ... For Mancunians, the popular musical heritage of the city has always been a source of great pride. ... Somerset is a county in the southwest of England. ... The Turks and Caicos Islands are an overseas dependency of the United Kingdom. ...

Northumberland is the northernmost county of England. Its folk music is particularly known for its distinctive smallpipe tradition, while there is a strong fiddle tradition in the region too, which was already well-established in the 1690's. Northumbrian music is characterised by considerable influence from other regions - particularly southern Scotland and other parts of the north of England. Irish tunes are also much played in the region, as they are elswhere. However, there is often a distinct difference between a Northumbrian version of a tune and versions from elsewhere. Northumberland is a traditional, ceremonial and administrative county in northern England. ... Royal motto (French): Dieu et mon droit (Translated: God and my right) Englands location (dark green) within the United Kingdom (light green), with the Republic of Ireland (blue) to its west Languages English Capital London Largest city London Area – Total Ranked 1st UK 130,395 km² Population –mid-2004... Folk Music, in the original sense of the term, is music by and of the common people. ... The Scottish smallpipe is a bellows-blown bagpipe developed from the Northumbrian smallpipe by Colin Ross, and others, to be playable according to the Great Highland Bagpipe fingering system. ...


Bagpipe music

There were several types of bagpipe in use in the region in the 18th century, ranging from the conical bore, open-ended Border pipes, to the cylindrically bored smallpipes - the closed ended form with its single octave compass and closed fingering is known to have existed since the 17th century. The pastoral or Union pipes - the precursor of the Irish Uillean pipes, are also known to have been played in the region. The earliest known bagpipe manuscript from the UK is a tunebook by William Dixon of Stamfordham in Northumberland, dated 1733. This includes 40 tunes with extensive sets of variations. Some of the tunes correspond to later versions of known smallpipe tunes, others, with a nine-note compass, must have been played either on Border pipes or an open-ended smallpipe, like the Scottish smallpipe. A piper playing the Great Highland Bagpipe. ... The Uilleann pipes are a unique form of bagpipes originating in Ireland. ...


In the early 19th century, makers such as John Dunn and Richard Reid added keys to the closed ended smallpipe, extending its range to almost two octaves - the Border pipes seem not to have been found in Northumberland much after the middle of the century, though they were revived as 'the half-long pipes' in the 1920s and more successfully in the 1970s and 80s. It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Social issues of the 1920s. ... The 1970s decade refers to the years from 1970 to 1979, inclusive. ... MacGyver - 1980s hero The 1980s decade refers to the years from 1980 to 1989, inclusive. ...


Many families have been associated with traditional Northumbrian music; Willy Allan and his son James were noted pipers in the 18th century - James was the first piper to the Duchess of Northumberland. Most notably, the Clough family of Newsham produced six generations of pipers, including Tom Clough, who made an important early recording and taught many pipers, including Billy Pigg. There are now many players of smallpipes in the region who continue the tradition. Tom Clough (1881-1964), known as The Prince of Pipers, was an English player of the Northumbrian Smallpipes. ... Billy Pigg (1902 - 1968) was an English player of Northumbrian bagpipes Northumbrian Pipers Society The Northumbrian Pipers Society was formed in 1928 in Newcastle Upon Tyne to promote both types of Northumbrian bagpipes - the smallpipes and the somewhat rarer half-longs. ...


Fiddle music

The eariest source of music for fiddle from Northumberland is Henry Atkinson's tunebook from the 1690's. This includes tunes current in both the southern English and Scottish music of the time.


A later source, unfortunately lost, was John Smith's tunebook from 1750; some tunes from this were copied out by John Stokoe in the 19th century - they include an extended variation set for fiddle on 'The Keel Row', in fact the earliest known version, pipe tunes with variations such as 'Bold Wilkinson', and a version of 'Jacky Layton' with variations for fiddle. It is clear that as in Scotland, the playing of extended variation sets on the fiddle was current in Northumberland at the time.


Twenty years later, William Vickers made an extensive collection of dance tunes - these include both pipe tunes and fiddle tunes, and tunes from Northumberland, Scotland, southern England, Ireland and even France.


In the 19th century the most notable feature of the music was the popularity of the 4/4 hornpipe, and in particular the very influential playing of the publican, fiddler and composer James Hill. His compositions include 'The High Level Bridge', 'The Great Exhibition', 'The Beeswing', 'The Hawk' and many others. Many other fine tunes have been attributed to him, including some he cannot possibly have written.


In the early and mid 20th century, influential fiddlers included Ned Pearson, Jim Rutherford, Adam Gray and Jake Hutton. In the later part of the century, Willy Taylor was perhaps the most highly respected of the many fiddlers in the county.


External links

  • FARNE - The Folk Archive Resource North East
  • Northumbrian Fiddle Tunes
  • The Northumbrian Pipers' Society

  Results from FactBites:
 
Folk music - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (5563 words)
Music in the standard major and minor scales evidently penetrated to the nearby rural areas, where it was converted to folk idiom, but nevertheless succeeded in displacing the old pentatonic music.
The pattern of urban influence on folk music was intensified to outright destruction as soon as the capitalist economic system had developed to the point that music could be packaged and distributed for the purpose of earning a profit--in other words, when popular music was born.
Enthusiasts for folk music might properly consider this song to be pastiche and not parody, because the tune is pleasant and far from inept, and the topic being lampooned is not balladry but the medieval heroic tradition.
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