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Encyclopedia > Music of Newfoundland and Labrador
Music of Canada
Maritime Provinces (NS, PE, NB)
Newfoundland and Labrador
Nunavut, Northwest Territories, Yukon
Prairie Provinces (AB, MB, SK)
First Nations (Inuit, Dene, Innu)
Ontario, British Columbia, Quebec
Genres: Celtic - Classical - Folk - Hip hop - Jazz - Pop - Rock
Timeline and Samples
Awards Junos, Félixes, Hall of Fame, ECMAs, WCMAs, CASBYs, CRMAs, CCMAs, MMVAs
Charts Jam!, Chart, Exclaim!
Festivals CMW, NXNE, Halifax Pop Explosion
Print media CM, CMN, Chart, Exclaim!, The Record, RPM
Music television Much, MMM, CMT Canada, MusiquePlus, MusiMax
National anthem "O Canada"

Newfoundland and Labrador is an Atlantic Canadian province with a folk musical heritage based on the English, Irish and Scottish traditions that were brought to its shores centuries ago. Though similar in its Celtic influence to neighboring Nova Scotia and Prince Edward Island, Newfoundland and Labrador are more Irish than Scottish, and have more elements imported from English and French music than those provinces. Much of the region's music focuses on the strong seafaring tradition in the area, and includes sea shanties and other sailing songs. Some modern traditional musicians include Great Big Sea, The Ennis Sisters, Shanneyganock and Ron Hynes. Canadian music includes pop and folk genres; the latter includes forms derived from England, France (particularly in Quebec), Ireland, Scotland, and various Inuit and Indian ethnic groups. ... The Maritime Provinces of Canada are culturally marked by the strong influence of Scottish and Irish settlers. ... Nova Scotia is one of three Canadian Maritime Provinces. ... Prince Edward Island is a Canadian province. ... New Brunswick is a Canadian province. ... Nunavat is a province of Canada, inhabited mostly by Inuits and other members of the First Nations. ... The Northwest Territories are a territory of Canada. ... Prior to the 1896 Gold Rush, the area now known as Yukon Territory was sparsely populated by the Inuits. ... The city of Edmonton is the musical center of the Prairie Provinces of Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta; it is sometimes called the Nashville of the North due to the predominance of country music there. ... The following are some musical figures associated with the Canadian province of Alberta. ... Manitoba has been well known for producing some of Canadas most famous music ever since the early 1960s. ... Saskatchewan is one of the Prairie Provinces of Canada. ... There are hundreds of tribes of Native Americans (called the First Nations in Canada), each with diverse musical practices, spread across the United States and Canada (excluding Hawaiian music). ... The Inuit live across the northern sections of Canada, especially in Yukon, Nunavat and Northwest Territories, as well as in Alaska and Greenland. ... The Dene live in northern Canada. ... The Innu are among the First Nations of Canada. ... Ontario is a Canadian province. ... Popular music Popular music in British Columbia is strongly associated with the city of Vancouver. ... Being a modern cosmopolitan society, today, all types of music can be found in the Canadian province of Quebec. ... Celtic music is primarily associated with the folk traditions of Ireland, Scotland and Wales, as well as the popular styles derived from folk culture. ... The term classical music in this article refers to the western or European classical music tradition. ... Canadian hip hop developed much more slowly than the rock music scene. ... Canada has been a source of rock and roll music for decades, beginning with rockabilly singer Jack Scott in the 1950s. ... The Juno Awards are awards of achievement presented to Canadian musical artists and bands; they could be considered the transnational counterpart to the United States Grammy Awards. ... The Félix Award is a music award, given on an annual basis to artists in Quebec. ... The Canadian Music Hall of Fame honors Canadian musicians for their lifetime achievements in music. ... Desktop Wallpaper from the ECMA website with the ECMA logo. ... The CASBY Awards are a Canadian award for independent and alternative music, presented annually by Toronto radio station CFNY. The name CASBY stands for Canadian Artists Selected By You. ... Michelle Trachtenberg at the MuchMusic Video Awards preshow, 2004 The MuchMusic Video Awards (or the MMVAs, as they are also known) are an annual music award presented by the Canadian music video channel MuchMusic to honour the years best music videos. ... Jam! is a Canadian website, which covers entertainment news. ... Chart is a monthly Canadian music magazine. ... Exclaim! (a/k/a !*@#) is a monthly Canadian music magazine. ... A music festival is a festival that presents a number of musical performances usually tied together through a theme or genre. ... Canada Music Week (“CMW”) is an industry conference and music festival held over four days in various venues throughout Toronto. ... North by Northeast (or NXNE) is an annual live music festival in Toronto, Ontario held each June. ... Featuring the very best in new and innovative music from Halifax, Canada and around the world, the Halifax Pop Explosion a small annual music festival that takes place every fall in Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada Founded in 1993, the Halifax Pop Explosion has actually been three different events that are... Chart is a monthly Canadian music magazine. ... Exclaim! (a/k/a !*@#) is a monthly Canadian music magazine. ... MuchMusic (often called Much) is a 24-hour Canadian cable music and variety television channel based in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, which debuted on August 31, 1984 as one of the first Canadian cable specialty channels on the air. ... MuchMoreMusic is a Canadian cable music specialty television channel, owned by CHUM Limited. ... Country Music Television or often just refered to as CMT is a Canadian cable specialty television channel, which airs programming devoted to country music; in the form of music videos, award shows, concerts, and more. ... MusiquePlus is a Canadian French language cable music television channel launched in 1986, owned by media conglomerate CHUM Limited and Astral Media. ... MusiMax is a French-language cable music channel operating out of Montreal, Quebec. ... A national anthem is a generally patriotic musical composition that is formally recognized by a countrys government as their official national song. ... O Canada is the national anthem of Canada. ... Motto: Quaerite Prime Regnum Dei (Latin: Seek ye first the kingdom of God) Official languages None Capital St. ... Atlantic Canada consists of the four Canadian provinces on the Atlantic Ocean: Newfoundland and Labrador, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, and Prince Edward Island. ... Motto: Munit Haec et Altera Vincit (Latin: One defends and the other conquers) Official languages None Capital Halifax Largest city Halifax Lieutenant-Governor Myra Freeman Premier Rodney MacDonald (PC) Parliamentary representation  - House seat  - Senate seats 11 10 Area Total  â€¢ Land  â€¢ Water    (% of total)  Ranked 12th 55,283 km² 53,338... Motto: Parva Sub Ingenti (Latin: The small under the protection of the great) Official languages English Capital Charlottetown Largest city Charlottetown Lieutenant-Governor J. Léonce Bernard Premier Pat Binns (PC) Parliamentary representation  - House seat  - Senate seats 4 4 Area Total  â€¢ Land  â€¢ Water    (% of total)  Ranked 13th 5,660 km... Sea shanties (singular shanty, also spelled chantey; derived from the French word chanter, to sing) were shipboard working songs. ... Great Big Sea (often shortened to GBS) is a Canadian folk-rock band from Newfoundland and Labrador, best known for performing energetic rock interpretations of traditional Newfoundland folk songs including sea chanties, which draw from the Islands 500-year-old Irish, English, and French heritage. ...


History

A bone flute found at L'anse Amour in Labrador is the first evidence of music in Newfoundland and Labrador. At the time, native tribes (First Nations) lived in the area. Little is known of their musical heritage due to the lack of written records. Labrador's Beothuk people are known to have sung and danced, though few details are known by modern historians. Inuit music, including percussion and so-called mouth-music, is still performed, although with modern influences. The Innu also maintain some historical musical practices. The flute is a musical instrument of the woodwind family. ... Carved mask in Vancouver First Nations is a term for ethnicity used in Canada to replace the word Indian. It refers to the Indigenous peoples of North America located in what is now Canada, and their descendants, who are not Inuit or Métis. ... Beothuk The Beothuks were the native inhabitants of the island of Newfoundland at the time of European contact in the 15th and 16th centuries. ... The Inuit live across the northern sections of Canada, especially in Yukon, Nunavat and Northwest Territories, as well as in Alaska and Greenland. ... The Nunatsiaq News, a newspaper of the Nunavik region of Arctic Quebec since 1973, reports on throat singing among the Inuit. ... The Innu are the indigenous inhabitants of an area they refer to as Nitassinan, which comprises most of the Quebec-Labrador peninsula in Eastern Canada. ...


England, Ireland and Scotland sent many settlers to eastern Canada, and they brought with them instrumental tunes, ballads and other musical traditions, which were passed down orally through the generations. During this time, traditional songs evolved, and some acquired new lyrics and melodies.


Marching bands and military bands were an important part of traditional Newfoundland and Labrador music. Youth groups like the Church Lads Brigade, fraternal organizations and other groups supported these bands.


Newfoundland's anthem "The Ode to Newfoundland", was composed by Governor Cavendish Boyle. Ode to Newfoundland is the official provincial anthem of Newfoundland and Labrador. ... This is a list of viceroys for the colony, dominion and province of Newfoundland and Labrador. ... Sir Cavendish Boyle (1849-1916) was a British colonial administrator. ...


Christian music from Newfoundland and Labrador includes hymns and other liturgical music. Missionaries such as those with the Moravian Church used music to reach out towards native peoples, publishing a hymn book, for example, in Inuit in 1809. Christian music is music created by or adapted for the Christian church. ... A hymn is a song specifically written as a song of praise, adoration or prayer, typically addressed to a god. ... A Moravian is a Protestant belonging to a religious movement that originated in Moravia, Czech Republic. ... Note: This page contains phonetic information presented in the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) using Unicode. ... 1809 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ...


During the 1800s, operas and musical theater became popular. Charles Hutton, for example, rose to fame during this period during the 1880s. Some of these musicians, like Georgina Stirling, became renowned in Europe. In the early 20th century, vaudeville took the place of opera in Newfoundland. Satirist John Burke was a noted vaudeville composer and performer of that era. This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Charles Hutton (August 14, 1737 - January 27, 1823) was an English mathematician. ... // Events and Trends Technology Development and commercial production of electric lighting Development and commercial production of gasoline-powered automobile by Karl Benz, Gottlieb Daimler and Maybach First commercial production and sales of phonographs and phonograph recordings. ... (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s As a means of recording the passage of time, the 20th century was that century which lasted from 1901–2000 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar (1900–1999 in the... Vaudeville is a style of multi-act theatre which flourished in North America from the 1880s through the 1920s. ... For other men with the same name, see John Burke (disambiguation). ...


Beginning in 1921, music from outside of the region became popular, especially after the advent of films with sound and the popularization of cowboy movies. Among the province's noted country musicians was Harry Martin. 1921 (MCMXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ...


Following World War II and confederation with Canada in 1949, big band jazz arrived in Newfoundland and Labrador, followed by R&B and rock and roll. 1949 (MCMXLIX) is a common year starting on Saturday. ... A big band is a large musical ensemble that plays jazz music. ... Rhythm and blues (or R & B) is a musical marketing term introduced in the United States in the late 1940s by Billboard magazine. ... Rock and roll (also spelled Rock n Roll, especially in its first decade), also called rock, is a form of popular music, usually featuring vocals (often with vocal harmony), electric guitars and a strong back beat; other instruments, such as the saxophone, are common in some styles. ...


In the modern era, many people worked to preserve the province's musical heritage. They focused on traditional songs, but also popularized modern tunes in a traditional style, like Otto Kelland's 1947 composition "Let Me Fish Off Cape St. Mary's". The first hit from a native performer was 1943's "Squid Jiggin' Ground" by Art Scammell. Radio programs like the Irene B. Mellon and The Big Six, television shows like All Around the Circle (1964) and Ryan's Fancy, collections like the Gerald S. Doyle's Old Time Songs and Poetry of Newfoundland, musicians like accordionist Wilf Doyle, Omar Blondahl, John White and the McNulty Family, and scholars like Maude Karpeles also contributed to the preservation of Newfoundland and Labrador music, while expatriates in Ontario, like Harry Hibbs and Dick Nolan also became well-known. In the late 1970s and early 1980s, a roots revival led by bands like Ryan's Fancy, Figgy Duff and The Wonderful Grand Band achieved mainstream success in Newfoundland. Other traditional performers to rise to prominence in this period included Anita Best, Kelly Russell, Jim Payne, Émile Benoit, Rufus Guinchard and Minnie White. 1947 (MCMXLVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1943 (MCMXLIII) is a common year starting on Friday. ... For the Nintendo 64 emulator, see 1964 (Emulator). ... Fergus OByrne, Dermot OReilly and Denis Ryan of Ryans Fancy Ryan’s Fancy was a conglomeration of three Irish emigrants to Canada, that rose out of the folk music scene of the late 1960s. ... Omar Blondahl, also known as Sagebrush Sam, was a musician who became fascinated with the largely unrecorded folk songs of Newfoundland, Canada, and became famous for popularizing them. ... John White may refer to: John White (d. ... The 1970s decade refers to the years from 1970 to 1979, inclusive. ... The 1980s decade refers to the years from 1980 to 1989, inclusive. ... A roots revival (folk revival) is a trend which includes young performers popularizing the traditional musical styles of their ancestors. ... Fergus OByrne, Dermot OReilly and Denis Ryan of Ryans Fancy Ryan’s Fancy was a conglomeration of three Irish emigrants to Canada, that rose out of the folk music scene of the late 1960s. ... Figgy Duff was a Canadian folk-rock band from Newfoundland. ... Jim Payne (born c. ...


In the 1980s and 1990s, traditional Newfoundland music's popularity dwindled, though rock, blues and other styles developed their own scenes in the region. The Newfoundland Symphony Orchestra rose to prominence in this period, and jazz performers like the Jeff Johnston Trio also gained international renown. Jazz is an original American musical art form originating around the early 1920s in New Orleans, rooted in Western music technique and theory, and is marked by the profound cultural contributions of African Americans. ...


The advent of the East Coast Music Awards helped stimulate the Atlantic Canadian music scene, and was accompanied by the rise of Ron Hynes, Buddy Wasisname, The Irish Descendants, The Thomas Trio and Red Albino, while Great Big Sea and The Punters have also become well-known for their mixture of traditional and popular music. A resurgence of traditional Newfoundland music is evidenced by the creation of several popular compilation CDs such as The Christmas Wish: Newfoundland Yuletide Favourites, the Downhomer Presents... series, and the Homebrew series (which has sold over 50,000 copies). Desktop Wallpaper from the ECMA website with the ECMA logo. ... A singer, songwriter, comedian, and dramatist, Buddy Wasisname is the stage name of Kevin Blackmore, a Canadian performer from Newfoundland, Canada. ... Great Big Sea (often shortened to GBS) is a Canadian folk-rock band from Newfoundland and Labrador, best known for performing energetic rock interpretations of traditional Newfoundland folk songs including sea chanties, which draw from the Islands 500-year-old Irish, English, and French heritage. ... Patrick Moran and Larry Foley of The Punters. ...


Modern Labrador musicians include Harry Martin, as well as folk group The Flummies, Byron "Fiddler" Chaulk and rock musician David Penashue of Tipatchimun (who sings Innu language rock).


See also

. Songs with an unknown composer/lyricist (Traditional) A Great Big Sea Hove In Long Beach Excursion Around the Bay Feller from Fortune Ise the By Jack Was Every Inch A Sailor Lukeys Boat Mussels in the Corner Old Polina The North Atlantic Squadron Sally Brown Star of...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Newfoundland and Labrador - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (2467 words)
Newfoundland and Labrador (French, Terre-Neuve-et-Labrador, Irish: Talamh an Éisc agus Labradóir, Latin: Terra Nova) is a province of Canada, the tenth to join Confederation.
Newfoundland received a colonial assembly in 1832, which was and still is referred to as the House of Assembly, after a fight led by reformers William Carson, Patrick Morris and John Kent.
The Protestants of Newfoundland outnumbered the Catholics at a ratio of 2:1.
Newfoundland (province) - Hutchinson encyclopedia article about Newfoundland (province) (2893 words)
Mainland Labrador is bounded to the west and south by the Ungava region of Québec.
Newfoundland and Labrador were originally inhabited by the Maritime Archaic People, referred to as the Red Paint peoples because of the red ochre that lines their graves; a burial ground over 7,500 years old has been excavated at L'Ane-Amour, Labrador.
In 1537 Newfoundland was proclaimed British territory, but efforts to establish permanent settlements there, for example in 1564, failed when faced with the antagonism of the various fishing concerns, and the continuing conflict between Britain and France over sovereignty.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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