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Encyclopedia > Music of India
Music of India: Topics
Bhajan Bhangra
Filmi Bhavageete
Lavani Ghazal
Baul sangeet Sufi music (Qawwali)
Timeline and Samples
Genres Classical (Carnatic and Hindustani) - Folk - Rock - Pop - Hip hop
Awards Bollywood Music Awards - Punjabi Music Awards
Charts
Festivals Sangeet Natak AkademiThyagaraja AradhanaCleveland Thyagaraja Aradhana
Media Sruti, The Music Magazine
National anthem "Jana Gana Mana", also national song "Vande Mataram"
Music of the states
Andaman and Nicobar Islands - Andhra PradeshArunachal PradeshAssamBiharChhattisgarhGoaGujaratHaryanaHimachal PradeshJammuJharkhandKarnatakaKashmirKeralaMadhya PradeshMaharashtraManipurMeghalayaMizoramNagalandOrissaPunjabRajasthanSikkimTamil NaduTripuraUttar PradeshUttaranchalWest Bengal

The music of India includes multiple varieties of folk, popular, pop, and classical music. India's classical music tradition, including Carnatic and Hindustani music, has a history spanning millennia and, developed over several eras, remains fundamental to the lives of Indians today as sources of religious inspiration, cultural expression and pure entertainment. India is made up of several dozen ethnic groups, speaking their own languages and dialects, having very distinct cultural traditions. Image File history File links Question_book-3. ... A bhajan or kirtan is a Hindu devotional song, often of ancient origin. ... Bhangra is a lively form of music and dance that originated in the Punjab region of the Indian subcontinent in South Asia. ... Timeline and Samples Genres Classical (Carnatic and Hindustani) - Folk - Rock - Pop - Hip hop Awards Bollywood Music Awards - Punjabi Music Awards Charts Festivals Sangeet Natak Akademi – Thyagaraja Aradhana – Cleveland Thyagaraja Aradhana Media Sruti, The Music Magazine National anthem Jana Gana Mana, also national song Vande Mataram Music of the states Andaman... Bhavageete (literally emotion poetry) is a form of expressionist poetry and light music in India. ... Lavani is a form of music popular in Maharashtra and southern Madhya Pradesh, India. ... This article is about the poetic form. ... Bauls (Bangla: বাউল) are a group of mystic minstrels from the Bengal region, now divided into Bangladesh and West Bengal. ... Qawwali (Urdu: قوٌالی, Hindi: क़वाली) is the devotional music of the Chishti Sufis of the Indian Subcontinent. ... The introduction to this article provides insufficient context for those unfamiliar with the subject matter. ... The origins of Indian classical music can be found from the oldest of scriptures, part of the Hindu tradition, the Vedas. ... Carnatic music, also known as is one of the two styles of Indian classical music, the other being Hindustani music. ... Hindustani Classical Music is an Indian classical music tradition that took shape in northern India in the 13th and 14th centuries AD from existing religious, folk, and theatrical performance practices. ... Indian folk music is diverse because of Indias vast cultural diversity. ... Timeline and Samples Genres . ... Timeline and Samples Genres Classical (Carnatic and Hindustani) - Folk - Rock - Pop - Hip hop Awards Bollywood Music Awards - Punjabi Music Awards Charts Festivals Sangeet Natak Akademi – Thyagaraja Aradhana – Cleveland Thyagaraja Aradhana Media Sruti, The Music Magazine National anthem Jana Gana Mana, also national song Vande Mataram Music of the states Andaman... Timeline and Samples Genres Classical (Carnatic and Hindustani) - Folk - Rock - Pop - Hip hop Awards Bollywood Music Awards - Punjabi Music Awards Charts Festivals Sangeet Natak Akademi – Thyagaraja Aradhana – Cleveland Thyagaraja Aradhana Media Sruti, The Music Magazine National anthem Jana Gana Mana, also national song Vande Mataram Music of the states Andaman... A music festival is a festival oriented towards music that is sometimes presented with a theme such as musical genre, nationality or locality of musicians, or holiday. ... The Sangeet Natak Akademi International Festival takes place in India. ... Saint Tyagaraja The Tyagaraja Aradhana festival is held in January when most of the leading exponents of Carnatic music come to perform and are watched by thousands of ardent fans of classical music. ... Cleveland Thyagaraja Aradhana is a music festival of Indian classical music. ... Sruti is a magazine on Indian music published from Chennai, India. ... A national anthem is a generally patriotic musical composition that evokes and eulogizes the history, traditions and struggles of its people, recognized either by a countrys government as the official national song, or by convention through use by the people. ... Jana Gana Mana (Thou Art the Ruler of the Minds of All People) is the national anthem of India. ... Typical depiction of Bharat Mata by Abanindranath Tagore Vande Mataram (Sanskrit: वन्दे मातरम् Vande Mātaram, Bengali: বন্দে মাতরম Bônde Matorom) is the national song of India, distinct from the national anthem of India Jana Gana Mana. The song was composed by Bankimchandra Chattopadhyay in a mixture of Bengali and Sanskrit. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Andhra Pradesh is a state of India, known for classical dance of various kinds. ... Arunachal Pradesh is a state of India. ... Timeline and Samples Genres Classical (Carnatic and Hindustani) - Rock - Pop - Hip hop Awards Bollywood Music Awards - Punjabi Music Awards Charts Festivals Sangeet Natak Akademi – Thyagaraja Aradhana – Cleveland Thyagaraja Aradhana Media Sruti, The Music Magazine National anthem Jana Gana Mana, also national song Vande Mataram Music of the states Andaman and... Bihar is a state of India. ... Chhattisgarh is a state of India with strong tribal traditions of music and dance. ... Timeline and Samples Genres Classical (Carnatic and Hindustani) - Rock - Pop - Hip hop Awards Bollywood Music Awards - Punjabi Music Awards Charts Festivals Purandaradasara Aradhana – Kanakadasara Aradhana – Hampi Sangeetotsava – Sangeet Natak Akademi – Thyagaraja Aradhana – Cleveland Thyagaraja Aradhana Media Sruti, The Music Magazine National anthem Jana Gana Mana, also national song Vande Mataram... Gujarat is a part of India, known for lively traditions of both folk and classical music. ... The Indian state of Haryana has produced a number of kinds of folk music, and has also produced many important innovations in Indian classical music. ... Himachal Pradesh is a state of India, located in the northwest corner of the country. ... The historic region of Kashmir, an area disputed by India and Pakistan, encompasses the modern regions of Kashmir, Ladakh and Jammu. ... Jharkhands music tradition consists of various tribal forms and is known for its diversity. ... Karnataka is a state of India with a long tradition of innovation in the fields of both Carnatic and Hindustani classical music. ... The historic region of Kashmir, an area disputed by India and Pakistan, encompasses the modern regions of Kashmir, Ladakh and Jammu. ... Kerala is a region of India, musically known for Sopanam. ... Madhya Pradesh is a state of India. ... Timeline and Samples Genres Classical (Carnatic and Hindustani) - Rock - Pop - Hip hop Awards Bollywood Music Awards - Punjabi Music Awards Charts Festivals Sangeet Natak Akademi – Thyagaraja Aradhana – Cleveland Thyagaraja Aradhana Media Sruti, The Music Magazine National anthem Jana Gana Mana, also national song Vande Mataram Music of the states Andaman and... Manipur is a region of India. ... Meghalaya is a state of India with a rich folk tradition. ... Mizoram is a region in India. ... Nagaland is a region of India. ... Orissa ia a state of India, one of the musical centers of the subcontinent. ... Timeline and Samples Genres Classical (Carnatic and Hindustani) - Folk - Rock - Pop - Hip hop Awards Bollywood Music Awards - Punjabi Music Awards Charts Festivals Sangeet Natak Akademi – Thyagaraja Aradhana – Cleveland Thyagaraja Aradhana Media Sruti, The Music Magazine National anthem Jana Gana Mana, also national song Vande Mataram Music of the states Andaman... Rajasthan is a region of India, home to several important centers of Indian musical development, including Udaipur, Jodhpur and Jaipur. ... Sikkim is a state of India. ... Tamil Nadu is a state in southern India. ... Tripura is a state of India that has produced a wide variety of folk music. ... Uttar Pradesh is a state of India. ... Uttaranchal is a state of India There are many kinds of folk songs from the area, including styles like the ceremonial mandals, the martial panwaras, the melancholy khuded and thadya and jhoda. ... Timeline and Samples Genres Classical (Carnatic and Hindustani) - Rock - Pop - Hip hop Awards Bollywood Music Awards - Punjabi Music Awards Charts Festivals Sangeet Natak Akademi – Thyagaraja Aradhana – Cleveland Thyagaraja Aradhana Media Sruti, The Music Magazine National anthem Jana Gana Mana, also national song Vande Mataram Music of the states Andaman and... Folk song redirects here. ... For the music genre, see Pop music. ... This article is about the genre of popular music. ... The origins of Indian classical music can be found from the oldest of scriptures, part of the Hindu tradition, the Vedas. ... For other uses, see Music (disambiguation). ... Carnatic music, also known as is one of the two styles of Indian classical music, the other being Hindustani music. ... Hindustani (हिन्‍दुस्‍थानी) classical music is an Indian classical music tradition originating in the North of the Indian subcontinent circa the 13th and 14th centuries CE. Developing a strong and diverse tradition over several centuries, it has contemporary traditions established primarily in India, Pakistan and Bangladesh. ... For dialects of programming languages, see Programming language dialect. ...

Contents

Classical music

The two main traditions of classical music which have been Carnatic music, found predominantly in the peninsular regions and Hindustani music, found in the northern and central parts. While both traditions claim Vedic origin, history indicates that the two traditions diverged from a common musical root since c. 13th century. For more, see Indian classical music, Hindustani music and Carnatic music. The origins of Indian classical music can be found from the oldest of scriptures, part of the Hindu tradition, the Vedas. ... Carnatic music, also known as is one of the two styles of Indian classical music, the other being Hindustani music. ... Hindustani (हिन्‍दुस्‍थानी) classical music is an Indian classical music tradition originating in the North of the Indian subcontinent circa the 13th and 14th centuries CE. Developing a strong and diverse tradition over several centuries, it has contemporary traditions established primarily in India, Pakistan and Bangladesh. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The origins of Indian classical music can be found from the oldest of scriptures, part of the Hindu tradition, the Vedas. ... Hindustani (हिन्‍दुस्‍थानी) classical music is an Indian classical music tradition originating in the North of the Indian subcontinent circa the 13th and 14th centuries CE. Developing a strong and diverse tradition over several centuries, it has contemporary traditions established primarily in India, Pakistan and Bangladesh. ... Carnatic music, also known as is one of the two styles of Indian classical music, the other being Hindustani music. ...


Hindustani music

Hindustani music is an Indian classical music tradition that took shape in northern India circa the 13th and 14th centuries AD from existing religious, folk, and theatrical performance practices. The practice of singing based on notes was popular even from the Vedic times where the hymns in Sama Veda, a sacred text, was sung as Samagana and not chanted. Developing a strong and diverse tradition over several centuries, it has contemporary traditions established primarily in India but also in Pakistan and Bangladesh. In contrast to Carnatic music, the other main Indian classical music tradition originating from the South, Hindustani music was not only influenced by ancient Hindu musical traditions, Vedic philosophy and native Indian sounds but also by the Persian performance practices of the Mughals. Hindustani (हिन्‍दुस्‍थानी) classical music is an Indian classical music tradition originating in the North of the Indian subcontinent circa the 13th and 14th centuries CE. Developing a strong and diverse tradition over several centuries, it has contemporary traditions established primarily in India, Pakistan and Bangladesh. ... The origins of Indian classical music can be found from the oldest of scriptures, part of the Hindu tradition, the Vedas. ... Look up AD, ad-, and ad in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The Sama Veda (सामवेद), or Veda of Holy Songs, is third in the usual order of enumeration of the four Vedas, the ancient core Hindu scriptures. ... Sāmagān सामगान is not merely a name given to singing hymns of Veda but represents the philosophy and science of uniting thought, sound and music. ... Carnatic music, also known as is one of the two styles of Indian classical music, the other being Hindustani music. ... This article discusses the adherents of Hinduism. ... This article discusses the historical religious practices in the Vedic time period; see Dharmic religions for details of contemporary religious practices. ... The Persians of Iran (officially named Persia by West until 1935 while still referred to as Persia by some) are an Iranian people who speak Persian (locally named Fârsi by native speakers) and often refer to themselves as ethnic Iranians as well. ... The Mughal Empire (alternative spelling Mogul, which is the origin of the word Mogul) of India was founded by Babur in 1526, when he defeated Ibrahim Lodi, the last of the Delhi Sultans at the First Battle of Panipat. ...


Carnatic music

The present form of Carnatic music is based on historical developments that can be traced to the 15th - 16th centuries CE and thereafter. From the ancient Sanskrit works available, and the several epigraphical inscriptional evidences, the history of classical musical traditions can be traced back to about 2500 years. Carnatic music, also known as is one of the two styles of Indian classical music, the other being Hindustani music. ... Sanskrit ( , for short ) is a classical language of India, a liturgical language of Hinduism, Buddhism, Sikhism, and Jainism, and one of the 23 official languages of India. ...


Carnatic music is completely melodic, with improvised variations. The main emphasis is on vocal music; most compositions are written to be sung, and even when played on instruments, they are meant to be performed in a singing style (known as gāyaki). Like Hindustani music, Carnatic music rests on two main elements: rāga, the modes or melodic formulæ, and tāḷa, the rhythmic cycles. Melodic music is a term that covers various genres of non-classical music which are primarily characterised by the dominance of a single strong melody line. ... Hindustani (हिन्‍दुस्‍थानी) classical music is an Indian classical music tradition originating in the North of the Indian subcontinent circa the 13th and 14th centuries CE. Developing a strong and diverse tradition over several centuries, it has contemporary traditions established primarily in India, Pakistan and Bangladesh. ... Raga (rāg /राग (Hindi), raga (anglicised from rāgaḥ/रागः (Sanskrit)) or rāgam /ராகம் (Tamil)) are the melodic modes used in Indian classical music. ... This article is about modes as used in music. ... In Indian classical music, Tala (tāl (Hindi), tāla (anglicised from talam; in Sanskrit), literally a clap, is a rhythmical pattern that determines the rhythmical structure of a composition. ...


Folk music

A pair of Indian folk musicians performing in a rural village
A pair of Indian folk musicians performing in a rural village
Main article: Indian folk music

Indian folk music is diverse because of Indias vast cultural diversity. ... Indian folk music is diverse because of Indias vast cultural diversity. ...

Bhavageete

Main article: Bhavageete

Bhavageete (literally 'devotional song') is a form of expressionist poetry and light music. Notable Bhavageete performers include P. Kalinga Rao, Mysore Ananthaswamy, C. Aswath, Shimoga Subbanna, Archana Udupa, Raju Ananthaswamy Ganesh Desai etc. Bhavageete (literally emotion poetry) is a form of expressionist poetry and light music in India. ... P.Kalinga Rao popularised Kannada Sugama Sangeetha. ... Mysore Ananthaswamy was a famous singer of Kannada Sugama Sangeetha. ... C. Ashwath is an Indian music composer and exponent of Bhavageete (expresssive poetry) and Janapada Geete (folk songs) in the Kannada language. ...


Bhangra

Main article: Bhangra

Bhangra is a form of dance-oriented folk music that has become a pop sensation in the United Kingdom and North America. What no one knows is why it has this name. Most people claim that when a low note is played during the piece that is known as bhangra, as the first note of every piece. It isn't usually heard clearly. Bhangra is a lively form of music and dance that originated in the Punjab region of the Indian subcontinent in South Asia. ... Bhangra is a lively form of music and dance that originated in the Punjab region of the Indian subcontinent in South Asia. ... For other uses, see Dance (disambiguation). ... Folk song redirects here. ... This article is about the genre of popular music. ... North American redirects here. ...


Lavani

Main article: Lavani

Lavani is a popular folk form of Maharashtra. Traditionally, the songs are sung by female artistes, but male artistes may occgbhthythhtyasionally sing Lavanis. The dance format associated with Lavani is knbgbgbgbbggbbgown as Tamasha. Lavani is a form of music popular in Maharashtra and southern Madhya Pradesh, India. ... Lavani is a form of music popular in Maharashtra and southern Madhya Pradesh, India. ... , Maharashtra (Marathi: महाराष्ट्र , IPA  , translation: Great Nation) is Indias third largest state in area and second largest in population after Uttar Pradesh. ... Lavani is a form of music popular in Maharashtra and southern Madhya Pradesh, India. ... Lavani is a form of music popular in Maharashtra and southern Madhya Pradesh, India. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


Dandiya

Main article: Dandiya

Dandiya is a form of dance-oriented folk music that has also been adapted for pop music worldwide. The present musical style is derived from the traditional musical accompaniment to the folk dance of Dandiya called by the same name, dandiya. (DANDIYA means small sticks and are used in place of swords to train and practice martial art in form of dance by tribal in interior Gujarat in India. it is believed to be in practice since the days when Lord Krishna migrated from Mathura to Dwaraka.) Dandiya and Garba are the featured dances of Navratri evenings in Western India, originating in Gujarat and Sindh. ... Dandiya and Garba are the featured dances of Navratri evenings in Western India, originating in Gujarat and Sindh. ... Dandiya and Garba are the featured dances of Navratri evenings in Western India, originating in Gujarat and Sindh. ...


Rajasthan

Rajasthani has a very diverse cultural collection of musician castes, including Langas, Sapera, Bhopa, Jogi and Manganiyar. Rajasthan Diary quotes it as a soulful, full-throated music with Harmonious diversity. The haunting melody of Rajasthan evokes from a variety of delightfully primitive looking instruments. The stringed variety include the Sarangi, Rawanhattha, Kamayacha, Morsing and Ektara.Percussion instruments come in all shapes and sizes from the huge Nagaras and Dhols to the tiny Damrus. The Daf and Chang are a big favourite of the Holi (the festival of colours) revellers. Flutes and bagpipers come in local flavours such as Shehnai, Poongi, Algoza, Tarpi, Been and Bankia. , Rājasthān (DevanāgarÄ«: राजस्थान, IPA: )   is the largest state of the Republic of India in terms of area. ... Caste systems are traditional, hereditary systems of social classification, that evolved due to the enormous diversity in India (where all three primary races met, not by forced slavery but by immigration). ...


The essence of Rajasthani Music is derived from the creative symphony of string instruments, percussion instruments and wind instruments accompanied by melodious renditions of folk singers. It enjoys a respectable presence in bollywood(Indian Film Fratenity) Music as well.


Bauls

The Bauls of Bengal were a mystical order of musicians in 18th, 19th and early 20th century India who played a form of music using a khamak, ektara and dotara. The word Baul comes from Sanskrit batul meaning divinely inspired insanity. They are a group of mystic minstrels. They are thought to have been influenced greatly by the Hindu tantric sect of the Kartabhajas as well as by Sufi sects. Bauls travel in search of the internal ideal, Maner Manush (Man of the Heart). Baul on a train in West Bengal Bauls (Bengali: বাউল) are a group of mystic minstrels from Bengal, which comprises Bangladesh and the Indian state of West Bengal. ... For other uses, see Bengal (disambiguation). ... Ektara (Bangla: একতারা) is a one string instrument used in Bangladesh and India. ... The Sanskrit language ( , for short ) is a classical language of India, a liturgical language of Hinduism, Buddhism, and Jainism, and one of the 23 official languages of India. ... Sufism (Arabic تصوف taṣawwuf) is a system of esoteric philosophy commonly associated with Islam. ...


Rabindra Sangeet

A towering figure of Indian music was Rabindranath Tagore. Writing in Bengali, he created a library of over 2,000 songs now known by Bengalis as rabindra sangeet whose form is primarily influenced by Hindustani classical thumri style. Many singers in West Bengal proudly base their entire careers on the singing of Tagore musical masterpieces. (Bengali: , IPA: ) (7 May 1861 – 7 August 1941), also known by the sobriquet Gurudev, was a Bengali poet, Brahmo Samaj philosopher, visual artist, playwright, novelist, and composer whose works reshaped Bengali literature and music in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. ... Bangla redirects here. ... , West Bengal (Bengali: পশ্চিমবঙ্গ Poshchimbôŋgo) is a state in eastern India. ...


Qawwali

Main article: Qawwali

Qawwali is a Sufi form of devotional music based on the principles of Hindustani classical. It is performed with one or two lead singers, several chorus singers, harmonium, tabla, and dholak. Qawwali (Urdu: قوٌالی, Hindi: क़वाली) is the devotional music of the Chishti Sufis of the Indian Subcontinent. ... Qawwali (Urdu: قوٌالی, Hindi: क़वाली) is the devotional music of the Chishti Sufis of the Indian Subcontinent. ... Sufism (Arabic تصوف taṣawwuf) is a system of esoteric philosophy commonly associated with Islam. ... Hindustani Classical Music is an Indian classical music tradition that took shape in northern India in the 13th and 14th centuries AD from existing religious, folk, and theatrical performance practices. ... This article is about the musical instrument. ... The tabla (Hindi: तब्ला, tablā, Urdu: تبلہ) is a popular Indian percussion instrument used in the classical, popular and religious music of the Indian subcontinent and in Hindustani classical music. ... The Dholak (sometimes dholaki) is a classical North Indian hand drum. ...


Pop music

Main article: Indian pop

The biggest form of Indian pop music is filmi, or songs from Indian musical films. The Film industry of India supported music by according reverence to classical music while utilizing the western orchestration to support Indian melodies. Music composers like C. Ramchandra, Salil Chowdhary, S.D. Burman, Vasant Desai, Shankar Jaikishan employed the principles of harmony while retaining classical and folk flavor. Reputed names in the domain of Indian classical music like Pt. Ravishankar, Ustad Vilayat Khan, Ustad Ali Akbar Khan and Pt. Ramnarayan have also composed music for films. Independent pop acts such as Asha Bhosle, Alisha Chinai, Shaan, Madhushree, Shreya Ghoshal, Nihira Joshi, Kavita Krishnamurthy, Chinmayi Sripada, Sonu Nigam, Sukhwinder Singh, KK, Kunal Ganjawala, Sunidhi Chauhan, Alka Yagnik and rock bands like Indus Creed, Indian Ocean[1], and Euphoria[2] exist and have gained mass appeal with the advent of cable music television. Timeline and Samples Genres Classical (Carnatic and Hindustani) - Folk - Rock - Pop - Hip hop Awards Bollywood Music Awards - Punjabi Music Awards Charts Festivals Sangeet Natak Akademi – Thyagaraja Aradhana – Cleveland Thyagaraja Aradhana Media Sruti, The Music Magazine National anthem Jana Gana Mana, also national song Vande Mataram Music of the states Andaman... This article is about the genre of popular music. ... Timeline and Samples Genres Classical (Carnatic and Hindustani) - Folk - Rock - Pop - Hip hop Awards Bollywood Music Awards - Punjabi Music Awards Charts Festivals Sangeet Natak Akademi – Thyagaraja Aradhana – Cleveland Thyagaraja Aradhana Media Sruti, The Music Magazine National anthem Jana Gana Mana, also national song Vande Mataram Music of the states Andaman... Asha Bhosle[1] (Marathi: ) (born September 8, 1933) is an Indian singer. ... Alisha Chinai is a singer of pop music in India. ... Name, Shantanu Mukherjee born on the 30th of September. ... Madhushree, previously known as Sujata Bhattacharya, is a singer who sung many songs in Tamil, Telugu and Hindi films. ... Shreya Ghoshal or Shreya Ghosal ( Bengali: শ্রেয়া ঘোষাল, Hindi: श्रेया घोषाल) born March 12, 1984 in Kota, Rajasthan is an Indian playback singer. ... Nihira Joshi (निहिरा जोशी) was a Sa Re Ga Ma Pa Challenge 2005 finalist achieving 5th place with public votes. ... Kavita Krishnamurthy is an Indian playback singer born Sharda Krishnamurthy in Delhi. ... Sonu Nigam (born 30 July 1973 in Faridabad, Haryana, India) is a singer whos songs have been featured in numerous Bollywood movies. ... Sukhwinder Singh is an Indian singer, most famous as a Bollywood playback singer. ... Krishnakumar Menon alias KK, is an Indian playback singer, born in Kerala, who has sung more than 400 songs in his career. ... Kunal Ganjawala is an Indian singer, known primarily for his work as a Bollywood playback singer. ... Sunidhi Chauhan is an Indian playback singer, best known for her Bollywood songs. ... Alka Yagnik (born March 20, 1966[1] in Calcutta, West Bengal, India) is an Indian singer. ... Indus Creed is a rock group from India formed in 1993. ...


Interaction with non-Indian music

In the late 1970s and early 1980s, rock and roll fusions with Indian music were well-known throughout Europe and North America. Ali Akbar Khan's 1955 performance in the United States was perhaps the beginning of this trend. Rock and roll (also spelled Rock n Roll, especially in its first decade), also called rock, is a form of popular music, usually featuring vocals (often with vocal harmony), electric guitars and a strong back beat; other instruments, such as the saxophone, are common in some styles. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... North American redirects here. ... Ustad Ali Akbar Khan (Bengali: ) is a North Indian classical musician of the Maihar gharana who plays the sarod. ... Year 1955 (MCMLV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays the 1955 Gregorian calendar). ...


jazz pioneers such as John Coltrane—who recorded a composition entitled 'India' during the November 1961 sessions for his album Live At The Village Vanguard (the track was not released until 1963 on Coltrane's album Impressions)—also embraced this fusion. George Harrison (of the Beatles) played the sitar on the song "Norwegian Wood (This Bird Has Flown)" in 1965, which sparked interest from Shankar, who subsequently took Harrison as his apprentice. Jazz innovator Miles Davis recorded and performed with musicians like Khalil Balakrishna, Bihari Sharma, and Badal Roy in his post-1968 electric ensembles. Other Western artists like the Grateful Dead, Incredible String Band, the Rolling Stones, the Move and Traffic soon incorporated Indian influences and instruments, and added Indian performers. For other uses, see Jazz (disambiguation). ... Coltrane redirects here. ... Year 1961 (MCMLXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Village Vanguard is a famous jazz club, located at 178 Seventh Avenue (just below W 11th St. ... For other uses, see 1963 (disambiguation). ... Coltrane redirects here. ... Impressions Impressions is a 1963 (see 1963 in music) album by jazz musician John Coltrane. ... For other persons named George Harrison, see George Harrison (disambiguation). ... The White Album, see The Beatles (album). ... Diagram of some sitar parts. ... Year 1965 (MCMLXV) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the 1965 Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see Jazz (disambiguation). ... Miles Dewey Davis III (May 26, 1926 – September 28, 1991) was an American jazz musician, widely considered to be one of the most influential of the 20th century. ... Year 1968 (MCMLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the band. ... Bold text The Incredible String Band (or ISB) is a Scottish acoustic band which, (in the words of one of their early songs [1] ) way back in the 1960s built a popular following within British counter culture, and the members of the group are considered psych folk musical pioneers. ... Rolling Stones redirects here. ... The Move were one of the leading British rock bands of the 1960s from Birmingham, England. ... Traffic was a rock band from Birmingham, England, formed in late 1966 by Steve Winwood with Jim Capaldi, Chris Wood and Dave Mason. ...


Though the Indian music craze soon died down among mainstream audiences, diehard fans and immigrants continued the fusion. In the late 1980s, Indian-British artists fused Indian and Western traditions to make the Asian Underground. Since the 90's, Canadian born musician Nadaka who has spent most of his life in India, has been creating music that is an acoustic fusion of Classical Indian music with a contemporary sound. Asian Underground is a term associated with various British Asian musicians (mostly Indian, Pakistani, Bangladeshi and Sri Lankan) who blend elements of western underground dance music and the traditional music of their home countries. ... There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ...


In the new millennium, American hip-hop has featured Indian Filmi and Bhangra. Mainstream hip-hop artists have sampled songs from Bollywood movies and have collaborated with Indian artists. Examples include Timbaland's "Indian Flute", Erick Sermon and Redman's "React", Slum Village's "Disco", and Truth Hurts' hit song "Addictive", which sampled a Lata Mangeshkar song, and the Black Eyed Peas sampled Asha Bhosle's song "Yeh Mera Dil" in their hit single "Don't Phunk With My Heart". In 1997, the British band Cornershop paid tribute to Asha Bhosle with their song Brimful of Asha, which became an international hit. British-born Indian artist Panjabi MC also had a Bhangra hit in the U.S. with "Mundian To Bach Ke" which featured rapper Jay-Z. Asian Dub Foundation are not huge mainstream stars, but their politically-charged rap and punk rock influenced sound has a multi-racial audience in their native UK. Hip hop music is a style of music which came into existence in the United States during the mid-1970s, and became a large part of modern pop culture during the 1980s. ... Timothy Z. Mosley, who works under the performing name Timbaland (born March 10, 1971), is a Grammy Award-winning American record producer, composer, rapper, and singer. ... This does not cite any references or sources. ... For other uses, see Redman. ... Truth Hurts (born Shari Watson in 1972 in St. ... Lata Mangeshkar (Marathi/Hindi:लता मंगेशकर) (born September 28, 1929) is an Indian singer. ... This article is about the American hip hop group. ... Asha Bhosle[1] (Marathi: ) (born September 8, 1933) is an Indian singer. ... Dont Phunk with My Heart is the first single from The Black Eyed Peas fourth album Monkey Business. ... Cornershop is a British indie band formed in Leicester in 1992 by Wolverhampton-born Tjinder Singh (singer, songwriter, and dholaki player), his brother Avtar Singh (bass guitar, vocals), David Chambers (drums) and Ben Ayres (guitar, keyboards, and tamboura), the first three having previously been members of Preston-based band General... Asha Bhosle[1] (Marathi: ) (born September 8, 1933) is an Indian singer. ... Brimful of Asha is an East-West Fusion pop-rock song by the British band Cornershop, which originally reached number 60 in the UK Singles Chart in 1997. ... Panjabi MC (real name Rajinder Singh Rai) is a British Indian musician. ... Jay-Z (aka the Jigga, HOV and Hova, born Shawn Carter on December 4, 1970 in Brooklyn, New York) is an African American rapper/hip hop artist and record label executive; one of the most popular and successful rappers of the late 1990s and early 2000s. ... Asian Dub Foundation is a British alternative electronica band, that play a mix of breakbeat, dub, dancehall and ragga, also using rock instruments, acknowledging a punk influence. ... Hip hop music is a style of music which came into existence in the United States during the mid-1970s, and became a large part of modern pop culture during the 1980s. ... Punk rock is an anti-establishment music movement beginning around 1976 (although precursors can be found several years earlier), exemplified and popularised by The Ramones, the Sex Pistols, The Clash and The Damned. ...


Rock & Metal music

Main article: Indian rock

The rock music "scene" in India is extremely small when compared to filmi or fusion music "scenes" but has of recent years come into its own, achieving a cult status of sorts. Rock music in India has its origins in 1960s and 70's when international stars such as The Beatles visited India and brought their music with them. These artistes' collaboration with Indian musicians such as Ravi Shankar and Zakir Hussain have led to the development of Raga Rock. However Indian Rock Bands began to gain prominence only much later, around the late 1980s. It was around this time that the rock band Indus Creed formerly known as The Rock Machine got itself noticed on the international stage with hits like Rock N Roll Renegade. Other bands quickly followed. As of now, the rock music scene in India is quietly growing day by day and gathering more support. With the introduction of MTV in the early 1990s, Indians began to be exposed to various forms of rock such as grunge and speed metal. This influence can be clearly seen in many Indian bands today. The cities of Kolkata, Delhi, Mumbai and Bangalore have emerged as major melting pots for rock and metal enthusiasts. Some prominent bands include Parikrama, Pentagram, Thermal and a Quarter, Zero, Half step down, PRITHVI, and Nexus. The future looks encouraging thanks to entities such as DogmaTone Records, that are dedicated to promoting and supporting Indian Rock. Timeline and Samples Genres . ... The White Album, see The Beatles (album). ... For other persons named Ravi Shankar, see Ravi Shankar (disambiguation). ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Indus Creed is a rock group from India formed in 1993. ... Parikrama Logo Parikrama is a Rock and Roll band from India. ... DogmaTone Records is a registered Indian record label, formed with the objective of promoting and encouraging Indian rock music. ...


One of the most famous rock musicians in the world is the late Freddie Mercury of Queen. Born Farrokh Bomi Bulsara to Indian parents in Zanzibar, he was raised in Panchgani near Mumbai. Mercury was influenced early on by the Bollywood playback singer Lata Mangeshkar along with western influences such as Led Zeppelin, Jimi Hendrix, John Lennon and The Beatles. Freddie Mercury (born Farrokh Bulsara; 5 September 1946 – 24 November 1991) was a British musician, best known as the lead singer of the rock band Queen (inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 2001). ... Queen are an English rock band formed in 1971 in London by guitarist Brian May, lead vocalist Freddie Mercury, and drummer Roger Taylor, with bassist John Deacon joining the following year. ... Map of Zanzibars main island Zanzibar is part of Tanzania Coordinates: , Country Tanzania Islands Unguja and Pemba Capital Zanzibar City Settled AD 1000 Government  - Type semi-autonomous part of Tanzania  - President Amani Abeid Karume Area  - Both Islands  637 sq mi (1,651 km²) Population (2004)  - Both Islands 1,070... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... , Bombay redirects here. ... Bollywood (Hindi: , Urdu: ) is the informal term popularly used for Mumbai-based Hindi-language film industry in India. ... A playback singer is a singer whose vocals are pre-recorded for use in films. ... Lata Mangeshkar (Marathi/Hindi:लता मंगेशकर) (born September 28, 1929) is an Indian singer. ... For the bands 1969 eponymous debut album, see Led Zeppelin (album). ... Jimi Hendrix (November 27, 1942 – September 18, 1970) was an American guitar virtuoso, singer and songwriter. ... John Winston Ono Lennon, MBE (October 9, 1940 – December 8, 1980), (born John Winston Lennon, known as John Ono Lennon) was an iconic English 20th century rock and roll songwriter and singer, best known as the founding member of The Beatles. ... The White Album, see The Beatles (album). ...


Film Music

India is the largest film producing country in the world. It produces around 1,000 films in 27 official languages. Every film must contain five to six songs which are based either on classical Indian music or light music. It also contains devotional songs. The Indian audience loves music from films. There are number of music recording studios based in different film cities of India in Mumbai, Kolkata,Delhi, Chennai and Noida Film City. Noida Film City is the campus of Marwah Films & Video Studios and the Asian Academy of Film & Television. ...


Further reading

  • Killius, Rolf. Ritual Music and Hindu Rituals of Kerala. New Delhi: B.R. Rhythms, 2006.. 
  • Manuel, Peter.. Thumri in Historical and Stylistic Perspectives. New Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass, 1989.. 
  • Manuel, Peter.. Cassette Culture: Popular Music and Technology in North India. University of Chicago Press, 1993. ISBN 0-226-50401-8. 
  • Maycock, Robert and Hunt, Ken. "How to Listen - a Routemap of India". 2000. In Broughton, Simon and Ellingham, Mark with McConnachie, James and Duane, Orla (Ed.), World Music, Vol. 2: Latin & North America, Caribbean, India, Asia and Pacific, pp 63-69. Rough Guides Ltd, Penguin Books. ISBN 1-85828-636-0
  • Hunt, Ken. "Ragas and Riches". 2000. In Broughton, Simon and Ellingham, Mark with McConnachie, James and Duane, Orla (Ed.), World Music, Vol. 2: Latin & North America, Caribbean, India, Asia and Pacific, pp 70-78. Rough Guides Ltd, Penguin Books. ISBN 1-85828-636-0.
  • Raga-Rupanjali. Ratna Publications: Varanasi. 2007. A collection of Compositions of Sangeetendu Dr. Lalmani Misra by Dr. Pushpa Basu.

See also

Indian musical instruments can be broadly classified into three categories, namely classical, western and folk. ... Cultural genres By race, ethnicity or origin Afrikaner Afro-Caribbean African American: blues, gospel, soul, funk, jazz, rock n roll, hip hop Ainu: yukar Andean: nueva cancion Arab: classical Arab music, rai, sout, gnawa, al-jil, chaabi Ashkenazi Jewish: klezmer Australian Aborigine: didgeridoo, Aboriginal rock Basque: trikitrixa, bersolari, shawm and...

References

carnaticindia.com: A resource hub on South Indian Music & Dance


Indian Folk Music


hummaa.com: Database of Indian Music and artists


sangeetonline.org: Indian Classical Music Society


External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Music of India
South Asian music

Afghanistan - Bangladesh - Bhutan - India - Maldives - Nepal - Pakistan - Sri Lanka - Tibet Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Tibet is a region of China, culturally very distinct from the rest of China. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Music of India - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (2118 words)
India's classical music tradition, including Carnatic and Hindustani music, has a history spanning millennia and, developed over several eras, remains fundamental to the lives of Indians today as sources of religious inspiration, cultural expression and pure entertainment.
Hindustani music is an Indian classical music tradition that took shape in northern India circa the 13th and 14th centuries AD from existing religious, folk, and theatrical performance practices.
Unlike Hindustani music, Carnatic music was not influenced by the Islamic invasions of North India, rather it assimilated the centuries old traditions of Tamil music.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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