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Encyclopedia > Music of China

Music of China Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ...

Timeline
Genre
Modern C-pop:(Cantopop/Mandopop)
Rock
Hip hop
Traditional Opera
Yayue
Instrumental (musicology)
National Historical Anthems
Patriotic / Revolutionary
PRC: "March of the Volunteers"
ROC: "Three Principles of the People"
Media Radio stations
Charts
Festivals Midi Modern Music Festival
Regional traditions
Anhui - Fujian - Gansu - Guangdong - Guangxi - Guizhou - Hainan - Hebei - Heilongjiang - Henan - Hong Kong - Hunan - Hubei - Inner Mongolia - Jiangsu - Jiangxi - Jilin - Liaoning - Macau - Manchuria - Qinghai - Shandong - Shaanxi - Shanxi - Sichuan - Tibet - Xinjiang - Yunnan - Zhejiang
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The music of China dates back to the dawn of Chinese civilization with documents and artifacts providing evidence of a well-developed musical culture as early as the Zhou Dynasty (1122 BC - 256 BC). Today, the music continues a rich traditional heritage in one aspect, while emerging into a more contemporary form at the same time. In summary the commercialized segment is in Hong Kong and Taiwan. The more diverse and sophisticated genres and aspects are in mainland China. This is a timeline that show the development of Chinese music by genre and region. ... C-pop is an abbreviation for Chinese pop. ... Cantopop (Chinese: 粵語流行曲) is a colloquial abbreviation for Cantonese popular music. It is also referred to as HK-pop, short for Hong Kong popular music. It is categorized as a subgenre of Chinese popular music within C-pop. ... Mandopop (traditional Chinese: ; simplified Chinese: ; pinyin: ) is a colloquial abbreviation for Mandarin popular music. It is also referred to as Mandapop. ... Chinese Rock (中国摇滚, pinyin: Zhōngguó yáogǔn; also 中国摇滚音乐, Zhōngguó yáogǔn yīnyuè, lit. ... Chinese hip hop is a relatively new phenomenon in China and first made it to Taiwan where artists such as MC HotDog were first rapping but then made it to Hong Kong with the success of LMF. In mainland China hip hop scene had just been formed with artists such... Emperor Xuan-Zong of Tang (left) and his Consort Yang Yuhuan (right) portrayed in a Chinese Opera 19th century Chinese opera Chinese opera costumes Some athletic jump Chinese opera is a popular form of drama in China. ... Yayue (雅樂; literally elegant music) is a form of Chinese classical music that was performed at imperial courts until at least the 12th century. ... Traditional Chinese musical instruments comprise a wide range of string, wind, and percussion instruments. ... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... A number of Chinese official and unofficial national anthems were made around the early 20th century, only two remain in use: the Three Principles of the People (Republic of China (Taiwan)) and the Peoples Republic of Chinas national anthem (The March of the Volunteers). The article below lists... Guoyue (国乐; literally national music) is a modernized form of Chinese traditional music written or adapted for some form of grand presentation, usually through an orchestra. ... For the Chinese civilization, see China. ... March of the Volunteers (Traditional Chinese: ; Simplified Chinese: ; pinyin: ) is the national anthem of the Peoples Republic of China, written in the midst of the Second Sino-Japanese War (1937-1945) by the noted poet and playwright Tian Han with music composed by Nie Er. ... For the Chinese civilization, see China. ... Manuscript of the speech at the opening ceremony of the Whampoa Military Academy, handwriting by Dr. Sun Yat-sen National Anthem of the Republic of China (Traditional Chinese: 中華民國國歌, Simplified Chinese: 中华民国国歌, Pinyin: Zhōnghuá Míngúo gúogē), is the current national anthem of the Republic of China (ROC). ... This is a list of radio stations that broadcast in the Chinese language. ... Midi Modern Music Festival is Chinas largest rock music festival, based in Beijing, since 1997 the festival is held every year during the May holiday (May 1st - May 3rd) with some breaks due to government problems in 2003 and 2004 (both times hold in October). ... Anhui is a province of China, known musically for a wide array of folk and classical styles. ... Fujian is a Chinese province. ... Gansu is a region in northwest China. ... In modern times, the Chinese province of Guangdong has become known for Guangdong music (later Guangdong folk tunes), a synthesis of a number of local folk music styles (like Kun opera), intended as an accompaniment for the regions folk operas when it arose along the Pearl River delta in... Guangxi is a region of China, the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region. ... Guizhou is a province of China. ... Hebei is a province of China, known for its orchestral wind ensembles and the Huangmei opera. ... Heilongjiang is a Chinese province, whose capital city, Harbin, is regarded as a center for musical innovation in China and is a major concert center [1]. The city boasts one of the most renowned symphony orchestras in the country, and also celebrates Harbin Summer Music Festival. ... Henan is a central province of China, known for an unusual way of playing the guzheng; the technique, known as you yao, consistings of using the right hand to pluck the strings, starting from the movable bridge to the fixed bridge, while using the left hand to press the strings... Hubei is a province of China, known for the Huangmei and Chu opera styles and a wide array of folk songs; Huangmei opera is especially renowned, and has spread to Shanghai, Beijing and Anhui, among other places. ... Inner Mongolia is a province of China, with traditions related to Tuvan music and Mongolian music. ... Jiangxi is a southeastern province of China. ... Jilin is a northeastern province of China. ... Manchuria is a region of China, inhabited by the Manchu and other ethnic groups. ... Qinghai is a province of China inhabited by Tibetans, Mongolians and others. ... Shaanxi is a province of China that has a long history of folk music. ... Shaanxi is a province of China that has a long history of folk music. ... Sichuan is a province of China which has a long history of both folk and classical music. ... Tibet is a region of China, culturally very distinct from the rest of China. ... Xinjiang Uighur Autonomous Region is dominated by Uighurs, a Turkic people related to others from Central Asia. ... Yunnan is a province in southeast China. ... For other uses, see Music (disambiguation). ... This article is about the Chinese civilization. ... This article is about the ancient Chinese dynasty. ... ...

Contents

History

Listening to the Guqin, painting by Emperor Huizong of Song, 11th century
Listening to the Guqin, painting by Emperor Huizong of Song, 11th century

The legendary founder of music in Chinese mythology was Ling Lun, who made bamboo pipes tuned to the sounds of birds. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (343x959, 279 KB) Description: Painting: Listerning to the Qin [聽琴圖] Source: From zh wiki Date: ca. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (343x959, 279 KB) Description: Painting: Listerning to the Qin [聽琴圖] Source: From zh wiki Date: ca. ... This article is becoming very long. ... Emperor Huizong (November 2, 1082 – June 4, 1135) was the eighth and one of the most famous emperors of the Song Dynasty of China, with a personal life spent amidst luxury, sophistication and art but ending in tragedy. ... Chinese mythology is a collection of cultural history, folktales, and religions that have been passed down in oral or written form. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Dynasty era (1122 BC - 1911)

According to Mencius, a powerful ruler had asked him whether it was moral if he preferred popular music to the classics. The answer was that the only thing matters being whether or not he loved his subjects. The Imperial Music Bureau, first established in the Qin Dynasty (221-207 BC), was greatly expanded under the Emperor Han Wu Di (140-87 BC) and charged with supervising court music and military music and determining what folk music would be officially recognized. In subsequent dynasties, the development of Chinese music was strongly influenced by foreign music, especially that of Central Asia. Mencius (Romanization; 孟子, pinyin: Mèng Zǐ; Wade-Giles: Meng Tzu; most accepted dates: 372 – 289 BCE; other possible dates: 385 – 303/302 BCE) was a Chinese philosopher who was arguably the most famous Confucian after Confucius himself. ... For the music genre, see Pop music. ... Qin Dynasty in 210 BC Capital Xianyang Language(s) Chinese Government Monarchy History  - Unification of China 221 BC  - Death of Qin Shi Huangdi 210 BC  - Surrender to Liu Bang 206 BC The Qin Dynasty (Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Chin Chao) (221 BC - 206 BC) was preceded by the... Emperor Wu of Han (156 BC*–March 29, 87 BC), personal name Liu Che, was the sixth emperor of the Chinese Han Dynasty, ruling from 141 BC to 87 BC. A military compaigner, Han China reached its greatest expansion under his reign, spanning from Kyrgyzstan in the west, Northern Korea... Map of Central Asia showing three sets of possible boundaries for the region Central Asia located as a region of the world Central Asia is a vast landlocked region of Asia. ...


The oldest written music is Youlan or the Solitary Orchid, attributed to Confucius (see guqin article for a sample of tablature). The first major well-documented flowering of Chinese music was for the qin during the Tang Dynasty, though the qin is known to have been played since before the Han Dynasty. First section of Youlan, showing the name of the piece: 《碣石調幽蘭第五》 Jieshi Diao Youlan No. ... Confucius (Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Kung-fu-tzu), lit. ... This article is becoming very long. ... For the band, see Tang Dynasty (band). ... Han Dynasty in 87 BC Capital Changan (202 BC–9 AD) Luoyang (25 AD–190 AD) Language(s) Chinese Religion Taoism, Confucianism Government Monarchy History  - Establishment 206 BC  - Battle of Gaixia; Han rule of China begins 202 BC  - Interruption of Han rule 9 - 24  - Abdication to Cao Wei 220...


In ancient China the position of musicians was much lower than that of painters, though music was seen as central to the harmony and longevity of the state. Almost every emperor took folk songs seriously, sending officers to collect songs to inspect the popular will. One of the Confucianist Classics, Shi Jing (poets), contained many folk songs dating from 800 BC to about 300 BC. Shī Jīng (Chinese: 詩經), translated variously as the Classic of Poetry, the Book of Songs or the Book of Odes, is the first major collection of Chinese poems. ... Centuries: 10th century BC - 9th century BC - 8th century BC Decades: 850s BC 840s BC 830s BC 820s BC 810s BC - 800s BC - 790s BC 780s BC 770s BC 760s BC 750s BC Events and Trends 804 BC - Hadad-nirari IV of Assyria conquers Damascus. ... Centuries: 4th century BC - 3rd century BC - 2nd century BC Decades: 350s BC 340s BC 330s BC 320s BC 310s BC - 300s BC - 290s BC 280s BC 270s BC 260s BC 250s BC Years: 305 BC 304 BC 303 BC 302 BC 301 BC - 300 BC - 299 BC 298 BC...


The first European to reach China with a musical instrument was Jesuit priest Matteo Ricci who presented a Harpsichord to the Ming imperial court and trained four eunuchs how to use it in 1601.[1] The Society of Jesus (Latin: Societas Iesu), commonly known as the Jesuits, is a Roman Catholic religious order. ... Matteo Ricci. ... Harpsichord in the Flemish style A harpsichord is a musical instrument played by means of a keyboard. ... For other uses, see Ming. ... European illustration of a Eunuch (1749) Chief Eunuch of Ottoman Sultan Abdul Hamid II at the Imperial Palace, 1912. ...

The earliest form of the 1935 March of the Volunteers anthem still in the pre-Communist traditional Chinese character in the Denton Gazette newspaper
The earliest form of the 1935 March of the Volunteers anthem still in the pre-Communist traditional Chinese character in the Denton Gazette newspaper

Image File history File links Size of this preview: 391 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (485 × 743 pixel, file size: 95 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg)(Denton Gazette Newspaper, Image came from the book Yellow Music by Andrew Jones ISBN 0822326949, this image is from 1935 when China was known as Republic... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 391 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (485 × 743 pixel, file size: 95 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg)(Denton Gazette Newspaper, Image came from the book Yellow Music by Andrew Jones ISBN 0822326949, this image is from 1935 when China was known as Republic... March of the Volunteers (Traditional Chinese: ; Simplified Chinese: ; pinyin: ) is the national anthem of the Peoples Republic of China, written in the midst of the Second Sino-Japanese War (1937-1945) by the noted poet and playwright Tian Han with music composed by Nie Er. ...

Republic of China era (1912 - 1949)

The New Culture Movement of the 1910s and 1920s evoked a great deal of lasting interest in Western music. A number of Chinese musicians returned from studying abroad to perform Western classical music, composing work based on Western musical notation system. The Kuomintang tried to sponsor modern music adoptions via the Shanghai Conservatory of Music despite the ongoing political crisis. 20th-century cultural philosophers like Xiao Youmei, Cai Yuanpei, Feng Zikai and Wang Guangqi wanted to see Chinese music adopted to the best standard possible. There were many different opinions regarding the best standard.[1] Students in Beijing rallied during the May Fourth Movement. ... Western music is the genres of music originating in the Western world (Europe and its former colonies) including Western classical music, American Jazz, Country and Western, pop music and rock and roll. ... The Kuomintang of China (abbreviation KMT) [1], also often translated as the Chinese Nationalist Party, is a political party in the Republic of China (ROC), now on Taiwan, and is currently the largest political party in terms of seats in the Legislative Yuan, and the oldest political party in the... Categories: Chinese universities | Stub ... Cài Yuánpéi (蔡元培, Wade-Giles: Tsai Yüan-pei) (January 11, 1868 - March 5, 1940) was a Chinese educator and the chancellor of the Peking University, and known for his critical evaluation of the Chinese culture that led to the May Fourth Movement. ...


Symphony orchestras were formed in most major cities and performed to a wide audience in the concert halls and on radio. Many of the performers added jazz influences to traditional music, adding xylophones, saxophones and violins, among other instruments. Lü Wencheng, Li Jinhui, Zhou Xuan, Qui Hechou, Yin Zizhong and He Dasha were among the most popular performers and composers during this period. Orchestra at City Hall (Edmonton). ... For other uses, see Jazz (disambiguation). ... Kulintang a Kayo, a Philippine xylophone The xylophone (from the Greek meaning wooden sound) is a musical instrument in the percussion family which probably originated in Indonesia. ... The saxophone (colloquially referred to as sax) is a conical-bored instrument of the woodwind family. ... For the Anne Rice novel, see Violin (novel). ... Li Jinhui (Chinese: 黎锦辉, li jin hui) was a composer and songwriter born in Xiangtan, China in 1891. ... Zhou Xuan Zhou Xuan (周璇, Wades-Giles: Zhou Hsuan) (1 August 1918 - 22 September 1957, Shanghai) was a popular Chinese singer and film actress. ... Yin Zizhong was a popular Chinese musician during the New Culture Movement of the 1910s and 1920s in China. ... The subject of this article may not satisfy the notability guideline or one of the following guidelines for inclusion on Wikipedia: Biographies, Books, Companies, Fiction, Music, Neologisms, Numbers, Web content, or several proposals for new guidelines. ...


After the 1942 Yan'an Forum on Literature and Art, a large-scale campaign was launched in the Communist controlled areas to adapt folk music to create revolutionary songs to educate the largely illiterate rural population on party goals. Musical forms considered superstitious or anti-revolutionary were repressed, and harmonies and bass lines were added to traditional songs. One example is The East Is Red, a folksong from northern Shaanxi which was adapted into a nationalist hymn. Of particular note is the composer, Xian Xinghai, who was active during this period, and composed the Yellow River Cantata which is the most well-known of all of his works. The Communist Party of China (CPC) (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: ), also known as the Chinese Communist Party (CCP), is the ruling political party of the Peoples Republic of China, a position guaranteed by the countrys constitution. ... Harmony is the use and study of pitch simultaneity, and therefore chords, actual or implied, in music. ... The East Is Red (Chinese: 东方红; Pinyin: Dōngfāng Hóng) is a song that was the de facto anthem of the Peoples Republic of China during the Cultural Revolution in the 1960s. ...   (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ShÇŽnxÄ«; Wade-Giles: Shan-hsi; Postal map spelling: Shensi) is a north-central province of the Peoples Republic of China, and includes portions of the Loess Plateau on the middle reaches of the Yellow River as well as the Qinling Mountains across the... Xian Xinghai at about 23 years old in Shanghai in 1920s. ... Creating & influence During Second Sino-Japanese War, in November 1938, when Chinese Wuhan city was occupied by Japanese troops, Guang Weiran(aka. ...


People's Republic of China era (1949 - 1990s)

The golden age of shidaiqu and the Seven great singing stars would come to an end when the Communist party denounce Chinese popular music as yellow music (pornography).[2] Maoists considered pop music as a decline to the art form in the mainland. In 1949 the Kuomintang relocated to Taiwan, and the People's Republic of China was established. Revolutionary songs would become heavily promoted by the state. The Cultural Revolution and other Maoist made revolutionary songs an acceptable genre to the point where it overshadowed other genre and almost define what mainland music is. Shidaiqu (Chinese:時代曲 Si Doi Kuk) is a type of Chinese folk/European jazz fusion music that originated in Shanghai, China, in the 1920s[1]. // The term (時代曲) basically means Periodic Song. When sung in Cantonese, it is referred to as (粵語時代曲). In Shanghai shidaiqu was regarded as Chinese popular music beginning in... Shanghai Night Essentials II (夜上海精选二) featuring 5 out of the 7 stars. ... The Communist Party of China (CPC) (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: ), also known as the Chinese Communist Party (CCP), is the ruling political party of the Peoples Republic of China, a position guaranteed by the countrys constitution. ... C-pop is an abbreviation for Chinese pop. ... Yellow Music (Chinese: 黃色音樂, wong sik jam ngok) or (Chinese: 黃歌, wong go) was a label used to describe early generations of Chinese popular music in Shanghai, China during the 1920s to 1940s as a reference to pornography. ... Porn redirects here. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... The Kuomintang of China (abbreviation KMT) [1], also often translated as the Chinese Nationalist Party, is a political party in the Republic of China (ROC), now on Taiwan, and is currently the largest political party in terms of seats in the Legislative Yuan, and the oldest political party in the... Guoyue (国乐; literally national music) is a modernized form of Chinese traditional music written or adapted for some form of grand presentation, usually through an orchestra. ... This article is about the Peoples Republic of China. ... Maoism or Mao Zedong Thought (Chinese: 毛澤東思想, pinyin: Máo Zédōng Sīxiǎng), also called Marxism-Leninism–Mao Zedong Thought or Marxism-Leninism-Maoism (MLM), is a variant of communism derived from the teachings of Mao Zedong (1893–1976). ...


After the Tiananmen Square protests of 1989, a new fast tempo Northwest Wind (xibeifeng, 西北風) style was launched by the people to counter the government. The music would progress into Chinese rock, which remained popular in the 1990s. However, music in China is very much state-owned as the TV, media, and major concert halls are all controlled by the Communist party. The government mainly chose not to support Chinese rock by limiting its exposure and airtime. As a result, the genre never reached the mainstream in its entirety. The Tiananmen Square protests of 1989, commonly referred to as the Tiananmen Square Massacre,[1] were a series of demonstrations led by students, intellectuals, and labor activists in the Peoples Republic of China (PRC) between April 15 and June 4, 1989. ... Northwest Wind (Chinese: 西北风, xibeifeng) is a style of music which emerged on the popular music scene in mainland China from the northwestern or xibei portion of China specifically from the Shanxi, Shaanxi and Gansu provinces[1]. The style is a western-style fast tempo, strong beat and extremely aggressive bass... Chinese Rock (中国摇滚, pinyin: Zhōngguó yáogÇ”n; also 中国摇滚音乐, Zhōngguó yáogÇ”n yÄ«nyuè, lit. ...


Current

China has a high piracy rate along with issues of intellectual properties.[3] As a result, most albums are released in Taiwan or Hong Kong first. It is often one of the business decisions made by record companies. Normally there is some delay before the products are released into the mainland, with occasional exceptions, such as the work of Cui Jian who was released in Taiwan, Hong Kong and the mainland simultaneously.[4] Consequently, a delay in release time is also the biggest driver of piracy, since individuals would rather pirate from the outside. Modern market is not only hindered by rights issues, as there are many other factors such as profit margin, income and other economical questions. This article is about maritime piracy. ... For the 2006 film, see Intellectual Property (film). ... This is a Chinese name; the family name is Cui (崔). Cui Jian (Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Korean: 최건; born August 2, 1961) is a Beijing-based musician, songwriter, trumpet player, guitarist and composer. ... This article is about the moral/legal concept. ... Profit margin is a measure of profitability. ... Income, generally defined, is the money that is received as a result of the normal business activities of an individual or a business. ...


Annual events such as the Midi Modern Music Festival in Beijing do keep music culture alive. There was also the "Snow Mountain Music Festival" in Yunnan province 2002. The term "Chinese Woodstock" has been thrown around by Western media for these two events. Both draw sizable crowds outdoor, but the term is not quite official. The Chinese rock movement differed from its Western counterpart in that it never fully made it into mainstream culture due to restrictions by the state. Midi Modern Music Festival is Chinas largest rock music festival, based in Beijing, since 1997 the festival is held every year during the May holiday (May 1st - May 3rd) with some breaks due to government problems in 2003 and 2004 (both times hold in October). ... Peking redirects here. ... Yunnan (Simplified Chinese: 云南; Traditional Chinese: 雲南; pinyin: Yúnnán) is a province of the Peoples Republic of China, located in the far southwestern corner of the country. ... Chinese Rock (中国摇滚, pinyin: Zhōngguó yáogÇ”n; also 中国摇滚音乐, Zhōngguó yáogÇ”n yÄ«nyuè, lit. ...


Today, rock music is centered on almost exclusively in Beijing and Shanghai, and has very limited influence over Chinese society. Wuhan and Sichuan are sometimes considered pockets of rock music culture as well. It points to a significant cultural, political and social difference that exist between China, the West, or even different parts within China. While rock has existed in China for decades, the milestone that put the genre on the international map is when Cui Jian played with The Rolling Stones in 2003, at the age of 42. For the brand of cymbal, see Wuhan cymbals. ...   (Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: SzÅ­4-chuan1; Postal map spelling: Szechwan and Szechuan) is a province in the central-western China with its capital at Chengdu. ... This is a Chinese name; the family name is Cui (å´”). Cui Jian (Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Korean: 최건; born August 2, 1961) is a Beijing-based musician, songwriter, trumpet player, guitarist and composer. ... Rolling Stones redirects here. ...


Modern music

These are genres that started after 1912 to coincide with the New China. For the Chinese civilization, see China. ...


Pop music

Main articles: c-pop and mandopop

C-pop originally began with the shidaiqu genre founded by Li Jinhui in the mainland, with Western jazz influences from the likes of Buck Clayton. After the Communist Party establishment, the Baak Doi record company ended up leaving Shanghai in 1952.[5] The 1970s saw the rise of cantopop in Hong Kong, and later mandopop in Taiwan. The mainland remained on the sideline for decades with minimal degree of participation. Only in recent years did the youth in mainland resume as a consumer for the Taiwan mandopop market. Still, China is not yet considered a major production hub despite having the largest population[6]. The mainland censorship is strict on popular music even today. When Hong Kong's icon Anita Mui performed the song "Bad Girl" during the 1990s in China, she was banned from returning to the concert for showing a rebellious attitude.[7] By Western standards, the performance was no more rebellious than say, Madonna for example; since Mui based a lot of her dance moves on Madonna's style. Many mainland artists often try to start their commercial success in Hong Kong or Taiwan first, and then re-import into the mainland as part of the gangtai culture. C-pop is an abbreviation for Chinese pop. ... Mandopop (traditional Chinese: ; simplified Chinese: ; pinyin: ) is a colloquial abbreviation for Mandarin popular music. It is also referred to as Mandapop. ... Shidaiqu (Chinese:時代曲 Si Doi Kuk) is a type of Chinese folk/European jazz fusion music that originated in Shanghai, China, in the 1920s[1]. // The term (時代曲) basically means Periodic Song. When sung in Cantonese, it is referred to as (粵語時代曲). In Shanghai shidaiqu was regarded as Chinese popular music beginning in... Li Jinhui (Chinese: 黎锦辉, li jin hui) was a composer and songwriter born in Xiangtan, China in 1891. ... Buck Clayton (born Wilbur Dorsey Clayton in Parsons, Kansas on November 12, 1911-died in New York City on December 8, 1991) was an American jazz trumpet player, fondly remembered for being a leading member of Count Basie’s Old Testament orchestra and leader of mainstream orientated jam session recordings... Baak Doi Pathé Records (Chinese: 百代唱片, Baak Doi) is the first major record company in Shanghai, China and later Hong Kong. ... The 1970s decade refers to the years from 1970 to 1979, also called The Seventies. ... Cantopop (Chinese: 粵語流行曲) is a colloquial abbreviation for Cantonese popular music. It is also referred to as HK-pop, short for Hong Kong popular music. It is categorized as a subgenre of Chinese popular music within C-pop. ... Mandopop (traditional Chinese: ; simplified Chinese: ; pinyin: ) is a colloquial abbreviation for Mandarin popular music. It is also referred to as Mandapop. ... Anita Mui Yim-fong (Traditional Chinese: ; Simplified Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Cantonese Yale: muìh yihm fòng; October 10, 1963–December 30, 2003) was a popular Hong Kong pop singer and actress. ... This article is about the American entertainer. ... Gangtai (Chinese: 港台, gong tai) is a term derived from the shortened word of Kong and Tai. It is generally used to describe C-pop songs, artists or music from Hong Kong or Taiwan. ...


Hip hop & rap

Main articles: Chinese rap, Hong Kong hip hop, Taiwanese hip hop

The Hong Kong hip hop scene first began in 1995 with the formation of LMF which was the first rap/rock group signed by a major record label, Warner Music. ... Taiwanese hip hop music started in the early 1990s, popularized by early hip hop trio L.A. Boyz. ...

Rock and heavy metal

Main article: Chinese rock

The widely-acknowledged forefather of Chinese rock is Cui Jian.[4] In the late 1980s he played the first Chinese rock song called: "I Have Nothing" ("Yi wu suo you"). It was the first time an electric guitar was used in China. He became the most famous performer of the time, and by 1988 he performed at a concert broadcasted worldwide in conjunction with the Seoul Summer Olympic Games.[4] His socially critical lyrics earned him the anger of the government and many of his concerts were banned or cancelled. After the Tiananmen Square protests of 1989, he played with a red blindfold around his head as an action against the government. Chinese Rock (中国摇滚, pinyin: Zhōngguó yáogǔn; also 中国摇滚音乐, Zhōngguó yáogǔn yīnyuè, lit. ... This is a Chinese name; the family name is Cui (崔). Cui Jian (Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Korean: 최건; born August 2, 1961) is a Beijing-based musician, songwriter, trumpet player, guitarist and composer. ... An electric guitar An electric guitar is a type of guitar that uses pickups to convert the vibration of its steel-cored strings into electrical current, which is then amplified. ... Johnson winning the 100 m final The 1988 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XXIV Olympiad, were held in 1988 in Seoul, South Korea. ... The Tiananmen Square protests of 1989, commonly referred to as the Tiananmen Square Massacre,[1] were a series of demonstrations led by students, intellectuals, and labor activists in the Peoples Republic of China (PRC) between April 15 and June 4, 1989. ...


Following, two bands became famous Hei Bao (Black Panther) and Tang Dynasty. Both started during the late 1980s and early 1990s. Hei Bao is an old-school rock band whose first CD, Hei Bao used the popular English song ("Don't Break My Heart"). Tang Dynasty was the first Chinese heavy metal band. Its first CD "A Dream Return to Tang Dynasty" combines elements of traditional Chinese opera and old school heavy metal. The album was a major breakthrough releasing around 1991/1992. Unfortunately, one member of Tang Dynasty died shortly after the release. Tang Dynasty (Chinese: ; Pinyin: ) is a Chinese heavy metal band that is often credited as the first heavy metal band in China. ... The 1980s refers to the years from 1980 to 1989. ... For the band, see 1990s (band). ... Tang Dynasty (Chinese: ; Pinyin: ) is a Chinese heavy metal band that is often credited as the first heavy metal band in China. ... Heavy metals, in chemistry, are chemical elements of a particular range of atomic weights. ... Emperor Xuan-Zong of Tang (left) and his Consort Yang Yuhuan (right) portrayed in a Chinese Opera 19th century Chinese opera Chinese opera costumes Some athletic jump Chinese opera is a popular form of drama in China. ...


Around 1994-96: the first thrash metal band, Chao Zai (Overload), was formed. They released three CDs, the last one in cooperation with pop singer Gao Chi of the split-up band The Breathing. Thrash metal is a subgenre of heavy metal music, one of the extreme metal subgenres that is characterised by high speed riffing and aggression. ... Overload (超载) is the first thrash metal band of Chinese rock. ... Gao Qi (高旗) , the leading vocal and song-writer of Chinese rock band Overload , was born in a family with generations’ classic music background in Beijing in February 26, 1968 , whose father is a tenor, mother is a pianist. ...


Punk rock

Punk rock became famous in China around 1994 - 1996. The first Chinese artist of the genre was He Yong of nu-metal style, influenced by Limp Bizkit, Linkin Park and others. Punk rock is an anti-establishment music movement beginning around 1976 (although precursors can be found several years earlier), exemplified and popularised by The Ramones, the Sex Pistols, The Clash and The Damned. ... He Yong (何勇) (born in Beijing, 1969) is a Chinese rock musician who has been active since the late 1980s. ... Nu metal, otherwise known as new metal or nü metal, is a musical genre that emerged in the mid 1990s which fuses influences from grunge[1] and alternative metal with funk music and various heavy metal genres, such as thrash metal and groove metal. ... Limp Bizkit (alternately written as limpbizkit) is a nu metal and rapcore band from Jacksonville, Florida. ... Linkin Park is a rock band from Agoura Hills, California. ...


Around 1995 the first wave of Chinese punk bands appeared in Beijing, and the second generation followed around 1997. Many were inspired by Western bands such as Korn, Limp Bizkit or Linkin Park. China would have their own with Yaksa, Twisted Machine, AK-47, Overheal Tank. Year 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full 1995 Gregorian calendar). ... Peking redirects here. ... This article is about the band. ... Limp Bizkit (alternately written as limpbizkit) is a nu metal and rapcore band from Jacksonville, Florida. ... Linkin Park is a rock band from Agoura Hills, California. ... Yaksa (Yecha) (Chinese: ; Pinyin: ) is a Chinese nu metal band that became active in the Beijing Rock scene in late 1990s. ...


National music

A typical PRC national music album branded to be sold outside of the mainland. Songs include The Internationale, The East is Red and many others
A typical PRC national music album branded to be sold outside of the mainland. Songs include The Internationale, The East is Red and many others

Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... LInternationale in the original French. ... The East Is Red (Chinese: 东方红; Pinyin: Dōngfāng Hóng) is a song that was the de facto anthem of the Peoples Republic of China during the Cultural Revolution in the 1960s. ...

Patriotic / Revolutionary

Main article: Guoyue

Guoyue are basically music performed on some grand presentation to encourage national pride. Since 1949, it has been by far the most government-promoted genre. Compared to other forms of music, symphonic national music flourished throughout the country. In 1969 the cantata was adapted to a piano concerto. The Yellow River Piano Concerto was performed by the pianist Yin Chengzong, and is still performed today on global stages. During the height of the Cultural Revolution, musical composition and performance were greatly restricted. A form of soft, harmonic, generic, pan-Chinese music called guoyue was artificially created to be performed at conservatories. After the Cultural Revolution, musical institutions were reinstated and musical composition and performance revived. At the height of the Mao Zedong era, the music accelerated at the political level into "Revolutionary Music" leaning toward cult status and becoming mainstream under pro-Communist ideology. Guoyue (国乐; literally national music) is a modernized form of Chinese traditional music written or adapted for some form of grand presentation, usually through an orchestra. ... A cantata (Italian, sung) is a vocal composition with an instrumental accompaniment and generally containing more than one movement. ... A piano concerto is a concerto for solo piano and orchestra. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Yin Chengzong, at 63 years old, arrived in Changsha, Hunan on 2005-04-26 to perform at a concert titled The Sound of Spring two days later. ... This article is about the Peoples Republic of China. ... Guoyue (国乐; literally national music) is a modernized form of Chinese traditional music written or adapted for some form of grand presentation, usually through an orchestra. ... Mao redirects here. ...


Traditional music

Chinese musicians at a restaurant in Shanghai
Chinese musicians at a restaurant in Shanghai

Image File history File links Chinesemusicians. ... Image File history File links Chinesemusicians. ...

Instrumental

Traditional music in China is played on solo instruments or in small ensembles of plucked and bowed stringed instruments, flutes, and various cymbals, gongs, and drums. The scale has five notes. Bamboo pipes and qin are among the oldest known musical instruments from China; instruments are traditionally divided into categories based on their material of composition: skin, gourd, bamboo, wood, silk, earth/clay, metal and stone. Chinese orchestras traditionally consist of bowed strings, woodwinds, plucked strings and percussion. Traditional Chinese musical instruments comprise a wide range of string, wind, and percussion instruments. ... In music, a solo is a piece or a section of a piece played or sung by a single performer (solo is an Italian word literally meaning alone). ... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... Chinese flutes come in various types. ... This article is becoming very long. ... A musical instrument is a device constructed or modified with the purpose of making music. ... For the song titled Orchestra, see The Servant (band). ... A string instrument (or stringed instrument) is a musical instrument that produces sound by means of vibrating strings. ... A woodwind instrument is a musical instrument in which sound is produced by blowing through a mouthpiece against an edge or by a vibrating reed, and in which the pitch is varied by opening or closing holes in the body of the instrument. ... Guitar and lute This ilustration in a French Psalter from the 9th century (c. ... Percussion redirects here. ...

Instruments
  • Woodwind and percussion
dizi, sheng, paigu, gong, paixiao, guan, bells, cymbals
  • Bowed strings
erhu, zhonghu, dahu, banhu, jinghu, gaohu, gehu, yehu, cizhonghu, diyingehu, leiqin
  • Plucked and struck strings
guqin, sanxian, yangqin, guzheng, ruan, konghou, liuqin, pipa, zhu
Re-enactment of a traditional music performance at Hubei Provincial Museum in Wuhan.
Re-enactment of a traditional music performance at Hubei Provincial Museum in Wuhan.

Chinese vocal music has traditionally been sung in a thin, non-resonant voice or in falsetto and is usually solo rather than choral. All traditional Chinese music is melodic rather than harmonic. Chinese vocal music probably developed from sung poems and verses with music. Instrumental pieces played on an erhu or dizi are popular, and are often available outside of China, but the pipa and zheng music, which are more traditional, are more popular in China itself. The qin is perhaps the most revered instrument in China, even though very few people know what it is or seen and heard one being played. The zheng, a form of zither, is most popular in Henan, Chaozhou, Hakka and Shandong. The pipa, a kind of lute, believed to have been introduced from the Arabian Peninsula area during the 6th century and improved, is most popular in Shanghai and surrounding areas. Bangdi The dizi (Chinese: ; pinyin: ), is a Chinese transverse flute. ... The Chinese sheng (Chinese: 笙, Pinyin shēng) is a mouth-blown free reed instrument (the first) consisting essentially of vertical tubes, in the Chinese orchestra. ... The Chinese pai gu is a set of five tuned drums, traditionally made of wood with leather covers. ... A gong is one of a wide variety of metal percussion instruments. ... The paixiao (traditional: 排簫; simplified: 排箫; pinyin: páixiao; also pai xiao, pai-hsiao) is an ancient Chinese wind instrument, a form of pan pipes. ... Guanzi The guan (管; pinyin: guÇŽn; literally pipe or tube) is a Chinese double reed wind instrument. ... A bell is a simple sound-making device. ... For the Japanese rock band, see Cymbals (band). ... Side view of an erhu. ... Zhonghu The zhonghu (中胡, pinyin: zhōnghú) is a low-pitched Chinese bowed string instrument. ... The dahu (大胡, pinyin: dàhú) is a large bowed string instrument from China. ... Banhu is a huqin family instrument in China. ... A jinghu (Pinyin: JÄ«ng Hú) is a bowed Chinese instrument used in Beijing Opera. ... The gaohu (高胡) is a Chinese bowed string instrument used in playing traditional Guangdong Cantonese music and operas. ... The Gehu is a Chinese instrument developed by Yang Yusen in the 20th century. ... Yehu is a Chinese stringed huqin family instrument used particularly in the South. ... Cizhonghu is the tenor member of the Chinese huqin family of stringed instruments. ... Diyingehu is a bowed Chinese huqin family string instrument. ... The leiqin is a Chinese bowed string instrument. ... This article is becoming very long. ... Chinese postage stamp depicting a sanxian The sanxian (Chinese: 三弦, pinyin sānxián, Wade-Giles san1-hsien2, lit. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The guzheng, or gu zheng (Chinese: ; pinyin: gÇ”zhÄ“ng) or zheng (箏) (gu- means ancient) is a traditional Chinese musical instrument. ... Image:Zhongruan. ... Female musician playing 14-string konghou, from ancient Chinese engraving The konghou (Chinese: ; Pinyin: ) is an ancient Chinese harp. ... A liuqin The liuqin (柳琴; pinyin: liÇ”q­ín) is a four-stringed Chinese lute with a pear-shaped body. ... A woman plays the pipa in the New York City Subways Times Square Station, 2004. ... The zhu (ç­‘) was an ancient Chinese string instrument. ... Download high resolution version (1000x288, 75 KB)Three picture composite image taken and composed by User:Leonard G. Twelve member concert group at the Hubei Provincial Museum. ... Download high resolution version (1000x288, 75 KB)Three picture composite image taken and composed by User:Leonard G. Twelve member concert group at the Hubei Provincial Museum. ... Falsetto (Italian diminutive of falso, false) is a singing technique that produces sounds that are pitched higher than the singers normal range, in the treble range. ... This article is about choirs, musical ensembles containing singers. ... Look up Melody in Wiktionary, the free dictionary In music, a melody is a series of linear events or a succession, not a simultaneity as in a chord. ... Side view of an erhu. ... Bangdi The dizi (Chinese: ; pinyin: ), is a Chinese transverse flute. ... A woman plays the pipa in the New York City Subways Times Square Station, 2004. ... The guzheng, or gu zheng (Chinese: ; pinyin: gÇ”zhÄ“ng) or zheng (箏) (gu- means ancient) is a traditional Chinese musical instrument. ... This article is becoming very long. ... Concert zither The zither is a musical string instrument, mainly used in folk music, most commonly in German-speaking Alpine Europe. ... Henan (Chinese: 河南; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Ho-nan), is a province of the Peoples Republic of China, located in the central part of the country. ... Chaozhou (Chinese: 潮州 lit. ... For other uses, see Hakka (disambiguation). ...   (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Shan-tung) is a coastal province of eastern Peoples Republic of China. ... A renaissance-era lute. ... Arabia redirects here. ... The 6th century is the period from 501 - 600 in accordance with the Julian calendar in the Christian Era. ... For other uses, see Shanghai (disambiguation). ...


Ethnic Han music

Han Chinese make up some 92% of the population of China. Ethnic Han music consists of heterophonic music, in which the musicians play versions of a single melodic line. Percussion accompanies most music, dance, and opera. Language(s) Chinese languages Religion(s) Predominantly Taoism, Mahayana Buddhism, traditional Chinese religions, and atheism. ... Look up heterophony in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Percussion redirects here. ...

1800s Chinese Opera scene
1800s Chinese Opera scene

19th century drawing of Chinese opera, public domain This image is in the public domain because its copyright has expired in the United States and those countries with a copyright term of life of the author plus 100 years. ... 19th century drawing of Chinese opera, public domain This image is in the public domain because its copyright has expired in the United States and those countries with a copyright term of life of the author plus 100 years. ... Emperor Xuan-Zong of Tang (left) and his Consort Yang Yuhuan (right) portrayed in a Chinese Opera 19th century Chinese opera Chinese opera costumes Some athletic jump Chinese opera is a popular form of drama in China. ...

Chinese Opera

Main article: Chinese opera

Chinese opera has been hugely popular for centuries, especially Beijing opera. The music is often guttural with high-pitched vocals, usually accompanied by suona, jinghu, other kinds of string instruments, and percussion. Other types of opera include clapper opera, Pingju, Cantonese opera, puppet opera, Kunqu, Sichuan opera, Qinqiang, ritual masked opera and Huangmei xi. Emperor Xuan-Zong of Tang (left) and his Consort Yang Yuhuan (right) portrayed in a Chinese Opera 19th century Chinese opera Chinese opera costumes Some athletic jump Chinese opera is a popular form of drama in China. ... Emperor Xuan-Zong of Tang (left) and his Consort Yang Yuhuan (right) portrayed in a Chinese Opera 19th century Chinese opera Chinese opera costumes Some athletic jump Chinese opera is a popular form of drama in China. ... A female Beijing opera performer with traditional costume and makeup A male Beijing opera performer Beijing opera or Peking opera (simplified Chinese: ; traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ) is a form of traditional Chinese theatre which combines music, vocal performance, mime, dance and acrobatics. ... Two Suonas The suona (simplified: 唢呐; traditional: 嗩吶; also called the laba 喇叭 or haidi 海笛) is a Han Chinese shawm (oboe). ... A jinghu (Pinyin: Jīng Hú) is a bowed Chinese instrument used in Beijing Opera. ... A string instrument (or stringed instrument) is a musical instrument that produces sound by means of vibrating strings. ... For other uses, see Opera (disambiguation). ... Cantonese opera is one of the major categories in Chinese opera, originating in southern Chinas Cantonese culture. ... A Kunqu performers portrayal of Hu Sanniang Kunqu (崑曲; pinyin: Kūnqǔ; Wade-Giles: kun-chü), also known as Kunju, Kun opera or Kunqu Opera, is one of the oldest extant forms of Chinese opera. ... Sichuan opera is a type of Chinese opera originating in the Sichuan province of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Qinqiang (秦腔, pinyin: Qínqiāng) or Luantan (乱弹, pinyin: Luàntán) is the representative folk opera of the northwest Province of Shaanxi, China, where it was called Qin thousands of years ago. ... Huangmei opera Huangmei opera or Huangmei tone (黃梅戲 or 黃梅調, pinyin: Huángméixì or Huángméidiào) originated as a form of rural folksong and dance that has been in existence for the last 200 years and possibly longer. ...


Folk music

Han folk music thrives at weddings and funerals and usually includes a form of oboe called a suona and percussive ensembles called chuigushou. The music is diverse, sometimes jolly, sometimes sad and often based on Western pop music and TV theme songs. Ensembles consisting of mouth organs (sheng), shawms (suona), flutes (dizi) and percussion instruments (especially yunluo gongs) are popular in northern villages; their music is descended from the imperial temple music of Beijing, Xi'an, Wutai shan and Tianjin. Xi'an drum music consisting of wind and percussive instruments is popular around Xi'an, and has received some popularity outside China in a highly-commercialized form. Another important instrument is the sheng, pipes, which is an ancient instrument that is an ancestor of all Western free reed instruments, such as the accordion. Parades led by Western-type brass bands are common, often competing in volume with a shawm/chuigushou band. Folk song redirects here. ... For other uses, see Oboe (disambiguation). ... Two Suonas The suona (simplified: 唢呐; traditional: 嗩吶; also called the laba 喇叭 or haidi 海笛) is a Han Chinese shawm (oboe). ... The Han Chinese, who make up some 92% of the population of China, play heterophonic music in which the musicians play versions of a single melodic line. ... A harmonica is a free reed musical wind instrument (also known, among other things, as a mouth organ, french harp, simply harp, or Mississippi saxophone), having multiple, variably-tuned brass or bronze reeds, each secured at one end over an airway slot of like dimension into which it can freely... The Chinese sheng (Chinese: 笙, Pinyin shēng) is a mouth-blown free reed instrument (the first) consisting essentially of vertical tubes, in the Chinese orchestra. ... Two Suonas The suona (simplified: 唢呐; traditional: 嗩吶; also called the laba 喇叭 or haidi 海笛) is a Han Chinese shawm (oboe). ... â™  This article is about the family of musical instruments. ... Bangdi The dizi (Chinese: ; pinyin: ), is a Chinese transverse flute. ... Yunluo (cloud gongs) is a traditional Chinese musical instrument. ... A gong is one of a wide variety of metal percussion instruments. ... Peking redirects here. ... Xian redirects here. ... Wutai Shan (Mount Wuitai), which means Five Terrace Mountain, is one of the four sacred mountains in Chinese Buddhism. ...   (Chinese: ; Pinyin: ; Postal map spelling: Tientsin) is one of the four municipalities of China. ... Xian redirects here. ... The Chinese sheng (Chinese: 笙, Pinyin shēng) is a mouth-blown free reed instrument (the first) consisting essentially of vertical tubes, in the Chinese orchestra. ... Chinese flutes come in various types, including the Di Zi (and its varieties such as the Qudi and Bangdi), the Bawa, the Guanzi, and the Xiao. ... ... For other uses, see Accordion (disambiguation). ... A brass band a musical group consisting mostly or entirely of brass instruments, often with a percussion section. ...

A half-section of the Song Dynasty (960–1279) version of the Night Revels of Han Xizai, original by Gu Hongzhong;[8] ladies are seen dancing and one on the right plays a pipa to entertain guests.

In southern Fujian and Taiwan, Nanyin or Nanguan is a genre of traditional ballads. They are sung by a woman accompanied by a xiao and a pipa and other traditional instruments. The music is generally sorrowful and mourning and typically deals with love-stricken women. Further south, in Shantou, Hakka and Chaozhou, erxian and zheng ensembles are popular. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 132 pixelsFull resolution (2405 × 396 pixels, file size: 487 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) A section of the long handscroll painting entitled Night Revels of Han Xizai, created by Gu Honzhong (ca 943-975 AD) in the Five Dynasties and... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 132 pixelsFull resolution (2405 × 396 pixels, file size: 487 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) A section of the long handscroll painting entitled Night Revels of Han Xizai, created by Gu Honzhong (ca 943-975 AD) in the Five Dynasties and... Northern Song in 1111 AD Capital Bianjing (汴京) (960–1127) Linan (臨安) (1127–1276) Language(s) Chinese Religion Buddhism, Taoism, Confucianism Government Monarchy Emperor  - 960–976 Emperor Taizu  - 1126–1127 Emperor Qinzong  - 1127–1162 Emperor Gaozong  - 1278–1279 Emperor Bing History  - Zhao Kuangyin taking over the throne of the Later Zhou... Gu Hongzhong (ca 937-975 C.E) was a Chinese painter during the Five Dynasties period of Chinese history. ... A woman plays the pipa in the New York City Subways Times Square Station, 2004. ...   (Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Fu-chien; Postal map spelling: Fukien, Foukien; local transliteration Hokkien from Min Nan Hok-kiàn) is one of the provinces on the southeast coast of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Nanyin can have several meanings: The nickname of Empress Yang Zhi Another name for nanguan music ... Nanguan (南管; pinyin: nánguÇŽn; literally southern pipe; also called nanyin, nanyue, or nanqu) is a traditional musical genre originating in the Fujian province of China. ... Xiao blowing hole (the hole faces away from the player, against the lower lip, when the instrument is played) The xiao (Traditional Chinese: ; Simplified Chinese: ; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: hsiao) is a Chinese vertical end-blown flute. ... A woman plays the pipa in the New York City Subways Times Square Station, 2004. ... Geographic coordinates: 116º14 - 117º19 E, 23º02 - 23º38 N Area: 234 km² Shantou (also known as Swatow or Suátao) is a city of 1. ... For other uses, see Hakka (disambiguation). ... Chaozhou (Chinese: 潮州 lit. ... The erxian (二弦, lit. ... Zheng has at least two meanings: The zheng is a Chinese plucked instrument named for its sound. ...


Sizhu ensembles use flutes and bowed or plucked string instruments to make harmonious and melodious music that has become popular in the West among some listeners. These are popular in Nanjing and Hangzhou, as well as elsewhere along the southern Yangtze area. Sizhu has been secularized in cities but remains spiritual in rural areas. â™  This article is about the family of musical instruments. ... For other uses, see Nanjing (disambiguation). ...   (Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Postal map spelling: Hangchow) is a sub-provincial city located in the Yangtze River Delta in the Peoples Republic of China, and the capital of Zhejiang province. ... The Yangtze River or Chang Jiang (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: ), or Drichu in Tibetan (Tibetan: འབ; Wylie: bri chu) is the longest river in Asia and the third longest in the world, after the Nile in Africa, and the Amazon in South America. ...


Jiangnan Sizhu (silk and bamboo music from Jiangnan) is a style of instrumental music, often played by amateur musicians in teahouses in Shanghai, that has become widely known outside of its place of origin. Jiangnan sizhu is a style of traditional Chinese instrumental music from the Jiangnan region of China. ... Village in Jiangnan Jiangnan or Jiang Nan (Chinese: ; Pinyin: Jiāngnán; Wade-Giles: Chiang nan; sometimes spelled Kiang-nan) is a geographic area referring to lands immediately to the south of the lowest reaches of the Yangtze River, including the southern part of the Yangtze Delta. ... For other uses, see Shanghai (disambiguation). ...


Guangdong Music or Cantonese Music is instrumental music from Guangzhou and surrounding areas. It is based on Yueju (Cantonese Opera) music, together with new compositions from the 1920s onwards. Many pieces have influences from jazz and Western music, using syncopation and triple time. Guangdong music, also known as Cantonese music (广东音乐 Guǎngdōng yīnyuè) is a style of traditional Chinese instrumental music from Guangzhou and surrounding areas. ... Guangdong music, also known as Cantonese music (广东音乐 Guǎngdōng yīnyuè) is a style of traditional Chinese instrumental music from Guangzhou and surrounding areas. ... Guangzhou is the capital and the sub-provincial city of Guangdong Province in the southern part of the Peoples Republic of China. ...


Regional music

China has many ethnic groups besides the Han, concentrated in the southeast and northwest. These include Tibetans, Russians, Uyghurs, Manchus, Zhuang, Dai, Naxi, Miao, Wa, Yi, Lisu and Mongolians. Language(s) Chinese languages Religion(s) Predominantly Taoism, Mahayana Buddhism, traditional Chinese religions, and atheism. ... This article is about historical/cultural Tibet. ... The Uyghur (Uyghur: ئۇيغۇر; Uighur Simplified Chinese: 维吾尔; Traditional Chinese: 維吾爾; Pinyin: Wéiwúěr; Turkish: Uygur) are a Turkic people, forming one of the 56 ethnic groups officially recognized by the Peoples Republic of China. ... The Manchu people (Manchu: Manju; Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: , Mongolian: Манж) are a Tungusic people who originated in Manchuria (todays Northeastern China). ... The Zhuang (Simplified Chinese: 壮族; Traditional Chinese: 壯族; Hanyu Pinyin: ; own name: Bouчcueŋь/Bouxcuengh) are an ethnic group of people who mostly live in the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region in southern China. ... The Dai (or the Thai peoples of China) is the officially recognized name of an ethnic group living in Xishuangbanna Dai Autonomous Prefecture and the Dehong Dai and Jingpo Autonomous Prefecture (both in southern Yunnan Province of China), and also in Laos, Vietnam, Thailand, and Myanmar. ... Categories: Ethnic groups of China ... Language(s) Hmong/Mong Religion(s) Shamanism, Buddhism, Christianity, others The terms Hmong (pronounced ) and Mong () both refer to an Asian ethnic group in the mountainous regions of southern China. ... Wa redirects here, for alternate uses, see Wa (disambiguation). ... The Yi people (own name in the Liangshan dialect: ꆈꌠ, official transcription: Nuosu, IPA: ; Chinese: ; pinyin: ; the older name Lolo is now considered derogatory in China, though used officially in Vietnam as Lô Lô and in Thailand as Lolo) are a modern ethnic group in China, Vietnam, and Thailand. ... It has been suggested that Lisu Church be merged into this article or section. ...


Tibet

Main article: Music of Tibet

Tibet is a culturally and ethnically distinct area in southwestern China. Its political status is controversial, with many within Tibet, as well as internationally, supporting independence. One of the major reasons for this sovereignty movement is that the Cultural Revolution decimated Tibetan culture, although Tibetans were not specifically targeted and was part of the general attack on Chinese culture during the period. Much of traditional Chinese culture was attacked and rejected during the Cultural Revolution. There are significant minorities of Tibetans in Kham, Bhutan, Nepal and India, as well as in immigrant communities throughout the world. Tibet is a region of China, culturally very distinct from the rest of China. ... This article is about historical/cultural Tibet. ... Situation of the east Tibetan region of Kham Kham (Wylie transliteration: Khams; Tibetan: ཁམས; Simplified Chinese: 康; Pinyin: Kāng) province is one of several provinces comprising traditional Tibet (the others are Amdo and Ü-Tsang). ...


Music forms an integral part of Tibetan Buddhism. While chanting remains perhaps the best known form of Tibetan Buddhist music, complex and lively forms are also widespread. Monks use music to recite various sacred texts and to celebrate a variety of festivals during the year. The most specialized form of chanting is called yang, which is without metrical timing and is dominated by resonant drums and sustained, low syllables. Other forms of chanting are unique to Tantra as well as the four main monastic schools: Gelugpa, Kagyupa, Nyingmapa and Sakyapa. Of these schools, Gelugpa is considered a more a restrained, classical form, while Nyingmapa is widely described as romantic and dramatic. Gelugpa is perhaps the most popular. Tibetan Buddhism is the body of religious Buddhist doctrine and institutions characteristic of Tibet, the Himalayan region (including northern Nepal, Bhutan, Sikkim and Ladakh), Mongolia, Buryatia, Tuva and Kalmykia (Russia), and northeastern China (Manchuria: Heilongjiang, Jilin). ... A chant is the rhythmic speaking or singing of words or sounds, either on a single pitch or with a simple notes and often including a great deal of repetition or statis. ... Many religions and spiritual movements believe that their sacred texts (or scriptures) are the Word of God, often feeling that the texts are wholly divine or spiritually inspired in origin. ... Look up yang in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... This article is an overview of Tantra and an in-depth look at the Tantra of Hinduism. ... The Geluk (dge lugs) School was founded by Tsongkhapa (1357-1419), Tibets best known religious reformer and arguably its greatest philosopher. ... The Kagyu (bka brgyud) school (known as the Oral Lineage and the Spotless Practice Lineage school) of Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana) traces its origins to the teachings of the Indian mystics Tilopa (988-1089 CE) and Naropa (1016-1100 CE), whose lineage was transmitted in Tibet by the great translator Marpa... The Nyingma tradition is one of the four major schools of Tibetan Buddhism. ... The name of the Sakya (lit. ...


Secular Tibetan music survived the Cultural Revolution more intact than spiritual music, especially due to the Tibetan Institute of Performing Arts, which was founded by the Dalai Lama shortly after his self-imposed exile. TIPA originally specialized in the operatic lhamo form, which has since been modernized with the addition of Western and other influences. Other secular genres include nangma and toshe, which are often linked and are accompanied by a variety of instruments designed for highly-rhythmic dance music. Nangma karaoke is popular in modern Lhasa. A classical form called gar is very popular, and is distinguished by ornate, elegant and ceremonial music honoring dignitaries or other respected persons. The Tibetan Institute of Performing Arts was founded by Tenzin Gyatso on reaching Dharamsala, India in exile from Tibet in August 1959. ... Tenzin Gyatso is the fourteenth and current Dalai Lama. ... For other uses, see Opera (disambiguation). ... Nangma is a genre of Tibetan dance music closely related to Toeshey. ... Toshe can refer to: Toshe (dish) is a Sindhi Indian dish made from flour, ghee and milk. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... For other uses see Karaoke (disambiguation) A karaoke machine Karaoke from Japanese kara, empty or void, and ōkesutora, orchestra) (pronounced IPA: or ; in Japanese IPA: ;  ) is a form of entertainment in which amateur singers sing along with recorded music using a microphone and a PA system. ... For other uses, see Lhasa (disambiguation). ... This does not cite any references or sources. ...


Tibetan folk music includes a cappella lu songs, which are distinctively high in pitch with glottal vibrations, as well as now rare epic bards who sing the tales of Gesar, Tibet's most popular hero. Folk song redirects here. ... This article is about the vocal technique. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ...


Tibetan music has influenced the pioneering compositions of Philip Glass and, most influentially, Henry Eichheim. Later artists made New Age fusions by pioneers Henry Wolff and Nancy Hennings. These two collaborated on Tibetan Bells, perhaps the first fusion of New Age and Tibetan influences, in 1971. Glass' Kundun soundtrack proved influential in the 1990s, while the popularity of Western-adapted Buddhism (exemplified by Richard Gere, Yungchen Lhamo, Steve Tibbetts, Choying Drolma, Lama Karta and Kitaro and Nawang Khechong) helped further popularize Tibetan music. Philip Glass (born January 31, 1937) is a three-times Academy Award-nominated American composer. ... Henry Eichheim (January 3, 1870 – August 22, 1942) was an American composer, conductor, violinist, organologist, and ethnomusicologist. ... New Age music is a style of music originally associated with some New Age beliefs. ... Henry Wolff is a musician who worked on the movie Koyaanisqatsi. He teamed up with Nancy Hennings to do the CD Tibetan Bells. Category: ... Nancy Hennings is a musician who teamed up with Henry Wolff to do the CD Tibetan Bells in 1971, one of the first CDs having to do with New age music. ... Tibetan Bells was a 1971 album by Henry Wolff and Nancy Hennings. ... Year 1971 (MCMLXXI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the 1971 Gregorian calendar, known as the year of cyclohexanol. ... Kundun is a 1997 film written by Melissa Mathison and directed by Martin Scorsese, both of whom (along with several other members of the production) were banned by the Chinese Government from ever entering Tibet as a result of making the film. ... In film formats, the soundtrack is the physical area of the film which records the synchronized sound. ... For the band, see 1990s (band). ... Richard Tiffany Gere[1] (born August 31, 1949) is an American actor. ... Yungchen Lhamo is a Tibetan singer living in exile in New York City. ... Steve Tibbetts is a Minneapolis based American guitarist known for an original approach to both composing and sound-forming. ... Ani Choying Dolma (born June 4, 1971 in Kathmandu, Nepal), also known as Choying Drolma (Ani, nun, is an honorific), is a Buddhist nun and musician from the Nagi Gompa nunnery in Nepal. ... Lama Karta (Kagyu Karma Tashi Gyalsay Jinpin Chogyi Lodo Pal Zangpo), born in Cho Drak in eastern Tibet, was one of the main lineage holders of the Bah Rum Kagyu, a school of Tibetan Buddhism. ... Kitaro Kitaro (喜多郎 Kitarō) (born as Masanori Takahashi (高橋正則 Takahashi Masanori) on February 4, 1953 in Toyohashi, Aichi Prefecture, Japan) is a composer and multi-instrumentalist. ... Nawang Khechog (also known as Nawang Khechong) is a Tibetan flute player and composer. ...


With the arrival of Tibetan refugees in the Himalayas, Western music, often in unique Tibetan forms, started to become popular among Tibetans everywhere. Rangzen Shonu quickly became the most popular ethnically Tibetan performers of Western rock and pop. Other forms of imported pop music include Indian ghazal and filmi, popular across the Himalayas and in Tibetan communities worldwide. Tibetan-Western fusions have been long suppressed in China itself, but have been widespread and innovative outside of the country. In the mid- to late 1980s, a relaxation of governmental rules allowed a form of Tibetan pop music to emerge in Tibet proper. Direct references to native religion is still forbidden, but commonly-understood metaphors are widespread. Pure Tibetan pop is heavily influenced by light Chinese rock, and includes best-sellers like Jampa Tsering and Yatong. Politically and socially aware songs are rare in this form of pop, but commonplace in a second type of Tibetan pop. Nangma karaoke bars appeared in 1998 and are common in Lhasa, in spite of threats from the Chinese government. For the movie Himalaya, see Himalaya (film). ... Rangzen Shonu is a Sino-Tibetian rock and roll band. ... This article is about the poetic form. ... Timeline and Samples Genres Classical (Carnatic and Hindustani) - Folk - Rock - Pop - Hip hop Awards Bollywood Music Awards - Punjabi Music Awards Charts Festivals Sangeet Natak Akademi – Thyagaraja Aradhana – Cleveland Thyagaraja Aradhana Media Sruti, The Music Magazine National anthem Jana Gana Mana, also national song Vande Mataram Music of the states Andaman... The 1980s refers to the years from 1980 to 1989. ... Musicians in Ladakh The music of Tibet reflects the cultural heritage of the trans-Himalayan region, centered in Tibet but also known wherever ethnic Tibetan groups are found in India, Bhutan, Nepal and further abroad. ... Jampa Tsering was a Tibetan pop singer and dancer. ... Yatong is a Tibetan singer from Kham, the eastern province of traditional Tibet. ... Year 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar). ...


Guangxi

Main article: Music of Guangxi

Guangxi is a region of China, the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region. Its most famous modern musician is Sister Liu, who was the subject of a 1960s film that introduced Guangxi's cultures to the rest of the world. Guangxi is a region of China, the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region. ... Guangxi (Zhuang: Gvangjsih; old orthography: ; Simplified Chinese: 广西; Traditional Chinese: 廣西; Pinyin: GuÇŽngxÄ«; Wade-Giles: Kuang-hsi; Postal System Pinyin: Kwangsi), full name Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region (Zhuang: Gvangjsih Bouxcuengh Swcigih; old orthography: ; Simplified Chinese: 广西壮族自治区; Traditional Chinese: 廣西壯族自治區; Pinyin: GuÇŽngxÄ« Zhuàngzú ZìzhìqÅ«) is a Zhuang autonomous region of... Guangxi (Simplified Chinese: 广西; Traditional Chinese: 廣西; pinyin: Guǎngxī; Wade-Giles: Kuang-hsi; Postal System Pinyin: Kwangsi) is an autonomous region of the Peoples Republic of China. ... “Instrumentalist” redirects here. ... The 1960s decade refers to the years from 1960 to 1969. ...


The Gin people are known for their instrument called duxianqin (独弦琴, pinyin: dúxiánqín; lit. "single string zither"), a string instrument with only one string, said to date back to the 8th century. Gin, or Jing Nationality (京族; Pinyin: JÄ«ngzú) is the name given to ethnic Vietnamese living in China. ... The duxianqin (独弦琴, pinyin: dúxiánqín; lit. ... A string instrument (or stringed instrument) is a musical instrument that produces sound by means of vibrating strings. ... (7th century — 8th century — 9th century — other centuries) Events The Iberian peninsula is taken by Arab and Berber Muslims, thus ending the Visigothic rule, and starting almost 8 centuries of Muslim presence there. ...


Yunnan

Nakhi musicians
Nakhi musicians
Main article: Music of Yunnan

Yunnan is an ethnically diverse area in southeast China. Perhaps best-known from the province is the lusheng, a type of mouth organ, used by the Miao people of Guizhou for pentatonic antiphonal courting songs. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1800x1350, 499 KB) File links The following pages link to this file: Music Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create or digitize it. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1800x1350, 499 KB) File links The following pages link to this file: Music Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create or digitize it. ... The Nakhi (Chinese: ; pinyin: ) are an ethnic group inhabiting the foothills of the Himalayas in the northwestern part of Yunnan Province, as well as the southwestern part of Sichuan Province in China. ... Yunnan is a province in southeast China. ... Yunan redirects here. ... The lusheng (traditional: 蘆笙; simplified: 芦笙; also spelled lu sheng) is the Chinese name for a musical instrument with multiple bamboo pipes, each fitted with a free reed, which are fitted into a long blowing tube. ... A harmonica is a free reed musical wind instrument (also known, among other things, as a mouth organ, french harp, simply harp, or Mississippi saxophone), having multiple, variably-tuned brass or bronze reeds, each secured at one end over an airway slot of like dimension into which it can freely... The Hmong, also known as Miao (Chinese: 苗: Miáo; Vietnamese: Mẹo or Hmông; Thai: ม้ง (mong) or แม้ว (maew)), are an Asian ethnic group whose homeland is in the mountainous regions of southern China (especially Guizhou) that cross into northern Southeast Asia (northern Vietnam and Laos). ... (Simplified Chinese: 贵州; Traditional Chinese: è²´å·ž; pinyin: Gùizhōu; Wade-Giles: Kuei-chou; also spelled Kweichow) is a province of the Peoples Republic of China located in the southwestern part of the country. ... This article is about the musical term. ...


The Hani of Honghe Prefecture are known for a unique kind of choral, micro-tonal rice-transplanting songs. Typical daily attire of ethnic Hani in China. ... Hongha Hani and YI This page is a candidate for speedy deletion. ...


The Nakhi of Lijiang play a type of song and dance suite called baisha xiyue, which was supposedly brought by Kublai Khan in 1253. Nakhi Dongjing is a type of music related to southern Chinese forms, and is popular today. The Nakhi (Chinese: ; pinyin: ) are an ethnic group inhabiting the foothills of the Himalayas in the northwestern part of Yunnan Province, as well as the southwestern part of Sichuan Province in China. ... Lijiang City (Chinese: 丽江市; Hanyu Pinyin: ) refers to an administrative division comprising of urban and rural areas in northwestern Yunnan Province, China. ... Baisha xiyue (Chinese for Baisha fine music) is one of the two surviving forms of traditional music of the Naxi (also spelled Nakhi or Nahi) people of Lijiang, Yunnan Province, China, known as Naxi ancient music. ... For other uses, see Kublai Khan (disambiguation). ... For broader historical context, see 1250s and 13th century. ... Dongjing musicians Dongjing music (洞经音乐 dongjing yin yue) or donjiang is a type of Chinese ritual music traditionally performed by the Nakhi people of Yunnan. ...


Sichuan

Main article: Music of Sichuan

Sichuan is a province in southwest China. Its capital city, Chengdu, is home to the only musical higher education institution in the region, the Sichuan Conservatory of Music. The province has a long history of Sichuan opera. Sichuan is a province of China which has a long history of both folk and classical music. ...   (Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: SzÅ­4-chuan1; Postal map spelling: Szechwan and Szechuan) is a province in the central-western China with its capital at Chengdu. ... Not to be confused with Chengde. ... Sichuan opera is a type of Chinese opera originating in the Sichuan province of the Peoples Republic of China. ...


Manchuria

Main article: Music of Manchuria

Manchuria is a region in northeast China, inhabited by ethnic groups like the Manchu. The most prominent folk instrument is the octagonal drum, while the youyouzha lullaby is also well-known. Manchuria is a region of China, inhabited by the Manchu and other ethnic groups. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Approximate extent Northeast China (Simplified Chinese: 东北; Traditional Chinese: 東北; pinyin: Dōngběi; literally east-north), historically known as Manchuria, is the name of a region (ca. ... The Manchu people (Manchu: Manju; Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: , Mongolian: Манж) are a Tungusic people who originated in Manchuria (todays Northeastern China). ... For other uses, see Lullaby (disambiguation). ...


Xinjiang

Main article: Music of Xinjiang

Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region is dominated by Uyghurs, a Turkic people related to others from Central Asia. The Uyghurs' best-known musical form is the On Ikki Muqam, a complex suite of twelve sections related to Uzbek and Tajik forms. These complex symphonies vary wildly between suites in the same muqam, and are built on a seven-note scale. Instruments typically include dap (a drum), dulcimers, fiddles and lutes; performers have some space for personal embellishments, especially in the percussion. The most important performer is Turdi Akhun, who recorded most of the muqams in the 1950s. Xinjiang Uighur Autonomous Region is dominated by Uighurs, a Turkic people related to others from Central Asia. ... For the county in Shanxi province, see Xinjiang County. ... The Uyghur (Uyghur: ئۇيغۇر; Uighur Simplified Chinese: 维吾尔; Traditional Chinese: 維吾爾; Pinyin: Wéiwúěr; Turkish: Uygur) are a Turkic people, forming one of the 56 ethnic groups officially recognized by the Peoples Republic of China. ... This article is about the various peoples speaking one of the Turkic languages. ... Map of Central Asia showing three sets of possible boundaries for the region Central Asia located as a region of the world Central Asia is a vast landlocked region of Asia. ... A muqam is the melody type used in Uyghur music, that is, a musical mode and set of melodic formulas used to guide improvisation and composition. ... Motto none Anthem Surudi Milli Capital (and largest city) Dushanbe Official languages Tajik Demonym Tajik or Tajikistani Government Unitary state  -  President Emomali Rahmon  -  Prime Minister spencer price Independence  -  Declared September 9, 1991   -  Completed December 25, 1991  Area  -  Total 143,100 km² (95th) 55,251 sq mi   -  Water (%) 0. ... Look up Dap, DAP in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A diatonic hammered dulcimer made by Masterworks The hammered dulcimer is a stringed musical instrument with the strings stretched over a trapezoidal sounding board. ... “Fiddler” redirects here. ... A renaissance-era lute. ... Percussion redirects here. ...


Hua'er

Hua'er is a type of song Shange is a genre of Chinese folk song. ...


Kuaiban

Kuaiban is a type of rhythmic talking and singing which is often performed with percussive instruments such as hand clackers. The center of kuaiban tradition is Shandong province. Kuaiban bears some resemblance to rap and other forms of rhythmic music found in other cultures.


See also

Hong Kong is a part of China that has produced a number of popular traditions, including a large part of what is known as Cantopop. ... Taiwan is densely-populated and culturally diverse, including a majority of Han Chinese, including the Holo and Hakka peoples and significant quantities of Mainlanders, refugees who arrived with Chiang Kai-shek in the middle of the 20th century, and the minority of aboriginal peoples. ... For contemporary culture after 1949, see Culture of the Peoples Republic of China. ... World music is, most generally, all the music in the world. ...

Notes

  1. ^ a b Jones. Andrew F. [2001] (2001). Yellow Music - CL: Media Culture and Colonial Modernity in the Chinese Jazz Age. Duke University Press. ISBN 0822326949
  2. ^ Broughton, Simon. Ellingham, Mark. Trillo, Richard. [2000] (2000) World Music: The Rough Guide. Rough Guides Publishing Company. ISBN 1858286360
  3. ^ BuildingIPvalue. "BuildingIPvalue." Recent developments in intellectual property. Retrieved on 2007-04-04.
  4. ^ a b c Gunde, Richard. [2002] (2002) Culture and Customs of China. Greenwood Press. ISBN 0313308764
  5. ^ Shoesmith, Brian. Rossiter, Ned. [2004] (2004). Refashioning Pop Music in Asia: Cosmopolitan flows, political tempos and aesthetic Industries. Routeledge Publishing. ISBN 0700714014
  6. ^ Keane, Michael. Donald, Stephanie. Hong, Yin. [2002] (2002). Media in China: Consumption, Content and Crisis. Routledge Publishing. ISBN 0700716149
  7. ^ Baranovitch, Nimrod. China's New Voices. University of California press. ISBN 0520234502
  8. ^ Ebrey, Cambridge Illustrated History of China, 148.

Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 94th day of the year (95th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

References

  • Jones, Steven. "The East Is Red... And White"". 2000. In Broughton, Simon and Ellingham, Mark with McConnachie, James and Duane, Orla (Ed.), World Music, Vol. 2: Latin & North America, Caribbean, India, Asia and Pacific, pp 34-43. Rough Guides Ltd, Penguin Books. ISBN 1858286360.
  • Lee, Joanna. "Cantopop and Protest Singers". 2000. In Broughton, Simon and Ellingham, Mark with McConnachie, James and Duane, Orla (Ed.), World Music, Vol. 2: Latin & North America, Caribbean, India, Asia and Pacific, pp 49-59. Rough Guides Ltd, Penguin Books. ISBN 1858286360.
  • Lee Yuan-Yuan and Shen, Sinyan. Chinese Musical Instruments (Chinese Music Monograph Series). 1999. Chinese Music Society of North America Press. ISBN 1-880464039
  • Rees, Helen with Zingrong, Zhang and Wei, Li. "Sounds of the Frontiers". 2000. In Broughton, Simon and Ellingham, Mark with McConnachie, James and Duane, Orla (Ed.), World Music, Vol. 2: Latin & North America, Caribbean, India, Asia and Pacific, pp 44-48. Rough Guides Ltd, Penguin Books. ISBN 1858286360.
  • Shen, Sinyan. Chinese Music in the 20th Century (Chinese Music Monograph Series). 2001. Chinese Music Society of North America Press. ISBN 1880464047.
  • Trewin, Mark. "Raising the Roof". 2000. In Broughton, Simon and Ellingham, Mark with McConnachie, James and Duane, Orla (Ed.), World Music, Vol. 2: Latin & North America, Caribbean, India, Asia and Pacific, pp 254-261. Rough Guides Ltd, Penguin Books. ISBN 185828636025.

External links

Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Tibet is a region of China, culturally very distinct from the rest of China. ... Traditional Korean music includes both the folk and court music styles of the Korean people. ... The first evidence of Korean music is ancient, and it has been well-documented by surviving written materials since the 15th century. ... The first evidence of Korean music is ancient, and it has been well-documented by surviving written materials since the 15th century and was brought to heights of excellence during the Yi kings of the Joseon Dynasty. ... Peoples Republic of China (PRC) and Republic of China (Taiwan) For other meanings, see China (disambiguation). ... China stretches some 5,000 kilometers across the East Asian landmass in an eratically changing configuration of broad plains, expansive deserts, and lofty mountain ranges, including vast areas of inhospitable terrain. ... The Water resources of China are affected by pollution, contamination and regional scarcity. ... This is a list of rivers which are at least partially located in China, classified according to their respective termini: // Indus (印度河) Yarlung Tsangpo River (Brahmaputra) (雅鲁藏布江) (joins the Ganges) [1] Salween (萨尔温江 or 怒江) Mekong (江) Red River (Vietnam) (红河, a. ... Lakes in China include: Dagze Co Lake Dian Dongting Lake Erhai Lake Gaoyou Lake Hongze Lake Lugu Lake Luoma Lake Lake Poyang Qiandao Lake Qinghai Hu (Koko Nor) Taihu Lake Tianchi West Lake Yangcheng Lake Lumajangdong See also: Lake Tianchi Monster http://www. ... This is a list of active and extinct volcanoes in China. ... Chinese Mountain Cat Wildlife of China includes its flora and fauna and their natural habitats. ... In the Peoples Republic of China, National Scenic and Historic Interest Area is the exact equivalent of the National Park, as specified by the Ministry of Construction in 1994. ... List of UNESCO Biosphere Reserves in China - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... The China Sea can refer to the: South China Sea, or East China Sea This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Provinces (Simplified Chinese: 省, Traditional Chinese: 省, Hanyu Pinyin romanization: shÄ›ng) Autonomous regions (Simplified Chinese: 自治区, Traditional Chinese: 自治區, Hanyu Pinyin romanization: Zìzhìqū) Municipalities (Simplified Chinese: 直辖市, Traditional Chinese: 直轄市, Hanyu Pinyin romanization: Zhíxiáshì) Special Administrative Regions (Simplified Chinese: 特别行政区, Traditional Chinese: 特別行政區, Hanyu Pinyin romanization: Tèbié xíngzhèngqū) ... A province, in the context of China, is a translation of Sheng (Chinese: 省 ShÄ›ng), which is an administrative division of China. ... According to administrative divisions of the Peoples Republic of China, there are three level of cities, namely municipalities, prefecture-level cities, and county-level cities. ... The North China Plain (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: ), also called the Central Plain(s) (Chinese: ; Pinyin: ), is based on the deposits of the Huang He (Yellow River) and is the largest alluvial plain of eastern Asia. ... Zhongyuan redirects here. ... China, with its large territory, spans across the longitude of five time zones. ... // Introduction China is one of the most victimized countries in the world by natural disasters. ... East China Charter Township is a charter township located in St. ... Approximate extent Northeast China (Simplified Chinese: 东北; Traditional Chinese: 東北; pinyin: Dōngběi; literally east-north), historically known as Manchuria, is the name of a region (ca. ... Northern Peoples Republic of China region. ... Western China refers to the western part of China. ... Northwestern China (西北,xÄ«bÄ›i) includes Xinjiang, Xizang(Tibet), Ningxia, and Gansu. ... The southwestern Peoples Republic of China region. ... The South Central region of the Peoples Republic of China South Central China (Chinese: 中南; pinyin: Zhōngnán) is a region of the Peoples Republic of China defined by governmental bureaus that includes the provinces of Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Guangdong and Hainan, and the Guangxi Zhuang autonomous region. ... Demographics of China, Data of FAO, year 2005 ; Number of inhabitants in thousands. ... This article is about migration in the Peoples Republic of China. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Sexuality in China has undergone revolutionary changes and this sexual revolution still continues today. ... Social issues in the Peoples Republic of China in the 21st century are varied. ... 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The National Emblem of the Peoples Republic of China (中华人民共和国国徽) contains a representation of Tiananmen Gate, the entrance gate of the Forbidden City from the Tiananmen Square in Beijing, in a red circle. ... March of the Volunteers (Traditional Chinese: ; Simplified Chinese: ; pinyin: ) is the national anthem of the Peoples Republic of China, written in the midst of the Second Sino-Japanese War (1937-1945) by the noted poet and playwright Tian Han with music composed by Nie Er. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Government of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Elections in the Peoples Republic of China take two forms: elections for selected local government positions in selected rural villages, and elections by Communist Party peoples congresses for the national legislature: the National Peoples Congress (Quanguo Renmin Daibiao Dahui). ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Flag of the Peoples Republic of China (PRC) The Nationality Law of the Peoples Republic of China (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: Zhōnghuá Rénmín Gònghéguó guójí fÇŽ) regulates citizenship in the Peoples Republic of China (PRC). ... The civil service of the Peoples Republic of China consists of civil servants of all levels who run the day-to-day affairs in mainland China. ... The Chinese court system is based on civil law, modeled after the legal systems of Germany and France. ... Since the establishment of the Peoples Republic of China in 1949, the Military of the Peoples Republic of China has grown to include the active and reserve forces of the Peoples Liberation Army, the Peoples Liberation Army Navy, the Peoples Armed Police and the Militia... This article is a list of universities in the Peoples Republic of China by province (22), autonomous region (5), municipality (4), and special administrative region (2). ... 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Chinese literature spans back thousands of years, from the earliest recorded dynastic court archives to the matured fictional novel arising in the medieval period to entertain the masses of literate Chinese. ... The music of China dates back to the dawn of Chinese civilization with documents and artifacts providing evidence of a well-developed musical culture as early as the Zhou Dynasty (1122 BC - 256 BC). ... Yin Yang symbol and Ba gua paved in a clearing outside of Nanning City, Guangxi province, China. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Kung fu redirects here. ... Variety arts in China, including tightrope walking, acrobatics, animal acts, and sleight of hand date back at least as far as the Han dynasty (206 B.C.-A.D. 220) and were very popular in the imperial court. ... A pot of Chinese tea This article does not cite any references or sources. ... National Day in 2004, Beihai Park. ... The History of China is told in traditional historical records that refer as far back as the Three Sovereigns and Five Emperors about 5,000 years ago, supplemented by archaeological records dating to the 16th century BC. China is one of the worlds oldest continuous civilizations. ... The following is a timeline of the history of China. ... The History of China is told in traditional historical records that refer as far back as the Three Sovereigns and Five Emperors about 5,000 years ago, supplemented by archaeological records dating to the 16th century BC. China is one of the worlds oldest continuous civilizations. ... ‹ The template below (History of China - BC) is being considered for deletion. ... Main articles: History of China and History of the Peoples Republic of China The history of the Peoples Republic of China is often divided distinctly by historians into the Mao era and the post-Mao era. The Mao era lasted from the founding of the Peoples Republic... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... // After the June 4th Incident, a large number of overseas Chinese students were granted political refuge almost unconditionally by foreign governments. ... // In November 2002 Jiang Zemin stepped down from the powerful Politburo Standing Committee of the Communist Party of China to make way for a younger fourth generation of leadership led by Hu Jintao. ... The sub-pages of this article aim to list articles on Wikipedia that are related to China, including Hong Kong and Macau. ... Music of China appears to date back to the dawn of Chinese civilization, and documents and artifacts provide evidence of a well-developed musical culture as early as the Zhou Dynasty (1122 BC - 256 BC). ... C-pop is an abbreviation for Chinese pop. ... Cantonese opera is one of the major categories in Chinese opera, originating in southern Chinas Cantonese culture. ... Cantopop (Chinese: 粵語流行曲) is a colloquial abbreviation for Cantonese popular music. It is also referred to as HK-pop, short for Hong Kong popular music. It is categorized as a subgenre of Chinese popular music within C-pop. ... Emperor Xuan-Zong of Tang (left) and his Consort Yang Yuhuan (right) portrayed in a Chinese Opera 19th century Chinese opera Chinese opera costumes Some athletic jump Chinese opera is a popular form of drama in China. ... C-pop is an abbreviation for Chinese pop. ... Guoyue (国乐; literally national music) is a modernized form of Chinese traditional music written or adapted for some form of grand presentation, usually through an orchestra. ... Hong Kong English pop (Chinese: 英文歌) are songs sung in the English language in Hong Kong. ... The Hong Kong hip hop scene first began in 1995 with the formation of LMF which was the first rap/rock group signed by a major record label, Warner Music. ... Mandopop (traditional Chinese: ; simplified Chinese: ; pinyin: ) is a colloquial abbreviation for Mandarin popular music. It is also referred to as Mandapop. ... Yayue (雅樂; literally elegant music) is a form of Chinese classical music that was performed at imperial courts until at least the 12th century. ...

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China: Classical Music (1390 words)
The music itself is clearly designed to be an abstract complement to the highly-developed poetic genres, and bears similar titles.
The music is quite sophisticated and dense in ideas, and presents a real opportunity for "interpretation" by a range of fine musicians.
It was introduced into China from Central Asia prior to the T'ang Dynasty, and has both a "literary" and a "martial" repertory.
Music of China - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (3364 words)
Music of China appears to date back to the dawn of Chinese civilization, and documents and artifacts provide evidence of a well-developed musical culture as early as the Zhou Dynasty (1122 BC - 256 BC).
In ancient China the position of musicians was much lower than that of painters (although music was seen as central to the harmony and longevity of the state).
Musical forms considered superstitious or anti-revolutionary were repressed, and harmonies and bass lines were added to traditional songs.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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