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Encyclopedia > Music in Berlin

Throughout its history, Berlin was a musical center in North Germany. First as an important trading city in the Hanseatic League, then as the capital of the electorate of Brandenburg and the Prussian Kingdom, later on as on of the biggest cities in Germany it fostered an influential music culture that remains vital until today. Berlin is the capital city and one of the sixteen states of the Federal Republic of Germany. ...

The opera in Berlin around 1745

Many important musical figures have worked in Berlin, among them composers like Johann Joachim Quantz, Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach, the Graun brothers, Wilhelm Friedemann Bach, Carl Friedrich Christian Fasch, Johann Friedrich Reichardt, Carl Friedrich Zelter, Friedrich Heinrich Himmel, Vincenzo Righini, Felix Mendelssohn Bartholdy, Spontini, Meyerbeer, Richard Strauss, Arnold Schoenberg to name just a few. Moreover, Berlin was recognized as the center for music theory and criticism in the 18th century with leading figures like Friedrich Wilhelm Marpurg, Johann Philipp Kirnberger, Quantz, and C. P. E. Bach whose treatises were being read all over Europe. Later on, writers like Reichardt, E. T. A. Hoffmann, Ludwig Rellstab, and A. B. Marx contributed to what can arguably be called the origins of German Music Feuilleton.[1], whilst Adolf Martin Schlesinger founded one of the leading German music publishing houses. Furthermore, Berlin can be regarded as the breeding ground for the powerful choir movement that played such an important role in the broad socialization of music in Germany during the 19th century. Johann Joachim Quantz (January 30, 1697–July 12, 1773) was a German flutist, flute maker and composer. ... Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach (March 8, 1714 – December 14, 1788) was a German musician and composer, the second of five sons of Johann Sebastian Bach and Maria Barbara Bach. ... Wilhelm Friedemann Bach, in a portrait by Wilhelm Weitsch Wilhelm Friedemann Bach (November 22, 1710 – July 1, 1784) was the eldest, and by common repute the most gifted son, of Johann Sebastian Bach; a famous organist, a famous improvisor, and a complete master of counterpoint. ... Johann Friedrich Reichardt -- (b. ... Carl Friedrich Zelter Carl Friedrich Zelter (11 November 1758 – 15 May 1832) was a German composer, conductor and teacher of music. ... Friedrich Heinrich Himmel (November 20, 1765 - June 8, 1814), German composer, was born at Treuenbrietzen in Brandenburg, Prussia, and originally studied theology at Halle. ... Felix Mendelssohn wrote his first symphony at the young age of fifteen. ... Gaspare Luigi Pacifico Spontini (14 November 1774 – 24 January 1851) was an Italian opera composer and conductor. ... Giacomo Meyerbeer Giacomo Meyerbeer (September 5, 1791 - May 2, 1864) was a noted opera composer. ... This article is about the German composer of tone-poems and operas. ... Schoenberg redirects here. ... Johann Philipp Kirnberger (1721– July 27, 1783) was a musician, composer (primarily of fugues), and music theorist. ... ETA Hoffman Ernst Theodor Amadeus Hoffmann (January 24, 1776 - June 25, 1822), was a German romantic and fantasy author and composer. ... Heinrich Friedrich Ludwig Rellstab (April 13, 1799–November 27, 1860) was a German poet and music critic. ... Friedrich Heinrich Adolf Bernhard Marx (b. ... Adolf Martin Schlesinger (b. ...


Prussia

When in 1701 Frederick III declared himself Frederick I, "King in Prussia", Berlin became a royal residence and subsequently attained more musical prestige. Under his successor Frederick William I (1713-1740), musical life in Berlin lost part of its splendor, due to his focus on the millitary strengthening of Prussia. At that time the court orchestra was abandoned and music events at the court played only a decorative role. Friedrich I of Prussia, Kurfürst of Brandenburg, King in Russia (Fredrick I, July 11, 1857 -- February 25, 1913), Hohenzollern, was the first King in Prussia, reigning from January 18, 2001, until his death. ... It is the little word in that makes the title King in Prussia (German König in Preussen) an extraordinary one. ... The title Frederick William I was used by two rulers of the House of Hohenzollern Elector Frederick William I of Brandenburg (1620-1688) King Frederick William I of Prussia (1688-1740) This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same...

Frederick as King of Prussia

When in 1740, Frederick II came to power, musical life at the court flourished again. Many 18th-century writers have termed his reign the "Golden Age" for music making in Berlin. Althought statements like this have to be regarded with care for their obvious intention to glorify the person of the ruler, Frederick's reign was indeed a fruitful time for music making in Berlin. Already at Rheinsberg, where Frederick lived when he was still the crown prince, he had assembled a formidable group of musicians who were to form the core of his Kapelle in Berlin. Among these followers were Carl Heinrich and Johann Gottlieb Graun, Franz and Johann Benda, Christoph Schaffrath, and Johann Gottlieb Janitsch. Once installed as the king in Prussia, Frederick's Kapelle became quickly one of the most admired orchestras in Europe. Frederick who was an accomplished flutist and composer not only employed Europe's foremost flutist, Johann Joachim Quantz in 1741. His Kappelle, headed by C. H. Graun, could also boast with C. P. E. Bach, son of Johann Sebastian Bach, who joined the orchestra as harpsichordist in 1740 and Johann Friedrich Agricola as the official court composer. By 1750 around 50 musicians were in Frederick's employ. Download high resolution version (498x640, 28 KB) SOURCE: http://lcweb2. ... Download high resolution version (498x640, 28 KB) SOURCE: http://lcweb2. ... Frederick II (German: ; January 24, 1712 – August 17, 1786) was a King of Prussia (1740–1786) and an enlightened monarch of the Hohenzollern dynasty. ... Carl Heinrich Graun (ca. ... Categories: Possible copyright violations ... Franz Benda (born November 25, 1709; died March 7, 1786) was a German violinist and composer. ... Christoph Schaffrath was born in 1709 in Hohenstien, Germany. ... It is the little word in that makes the title King in Prussia (German König in Preussen) an extraordinary one. ... Johann Joachim Quantz (January 30, 1697–July 12, 1773) was a German flutist, flute maker and composer. ... Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach (March 8, 1714 – December 14, 1788) was a German musician and composer, the second of five sons of Johann Sebastian Bach and Maria Barbara Bach. ... Johann Friedrich Agricola (January 4, 1720 – December 2, 1774) was a German composer, organist, singer, teacher and writer on music. ...


Notes

  1. ^ Ulrich Tadday: "Diskussionsforen der Musikkritik und ästhetische Manifestationen in Berlin um 1800," paper presented at the conference Urbane Musikkultur in Berlin. Von der spätfriderizianischen Zeit bis ins frühe 19. Jahrhundert, Berlin, March 9, 2007.

 
 

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