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Encyclopedia > Museum of Science and Industry (Chicago)
A view from the lagoon behind the Museum of Science and Industry, the only in-place surviving building from the 1893 World Columbian Exposition and a National Historic Landmark.
A view from the lagoon behind the Museum of Science and Industry, the only in-place surviving building from the 1893 World Columbian Exposition and a National Historic Landmark.

The Museum of Science and Industry (MSI) is located in Chicago, Illinois in Jackson Park, in the Hyde Park neighborhood. It is housed in the only in-place surviving building from the 1893 World's Columbian Exposition, the former Fine Arts Building. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1024 × 768 pixel, file size: 332 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) The Museum of Science and Industry, Chicago, Illinois. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1024 × 768 pixel, file size: 332 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) The Museum of Science and Industry, Chicago, Illinois. ... This article or section needs additional references or sources to improve its verifiability. ... Nickname: Motto: Urbs In Horto (Latin: City in a Garden), I Will Location in the Chicago metro area and Illinois Coordinates: Country United States State Illinois County Cook & DuPage Incorporated March 4, 1837 Government  - Mayor Richard M. Daley (D) Area  - City  234. ... Official language(s) English[1] Capital Springfield Largest city Chicago Largest metro area Chicago Area  Ranked 25th  - Total 57,918 sq mi (149,998 km²)  - Width 210 miles (340 km)  - Length 390 miles (629 km)  - % water 4. ... Jackson Park or Jackson Park Highlands is a 500 acre (2 km²) park on Chicagos South Side located in the South Shore community area, bordering Lake Michigan and the neighborhoods of Hyde Park and Woodlawn. ... Hyde Park is a neighborhood on the south side of Chicago, located seven miles south of the Chicago Loop. ... Year 1893 (MDCCCXCIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... One-third scale replica of Daniel Chester Frenchs Republic, which stood in the great basin at the exposition, Chicago, 2004 The Worlds Columbian Exposition (also called The Chicago Worlds Fair), a Worlds Fair, was held in Chicago in 1893, to celebrate the 400th anniversary of Christopher...

Contents

History

The building, known as the Palace of Fine Arts or Fine Arts Building, was designed by Charles B. Atwood, and unlike the other White City buildings was constructed with a brick substructure under its plaster facade. After the World's Fair, it initially housed the Columbian Museum, which evolved into the Field Museum of Natural History. When a new Field Museum building opened downtown in 1920, the former site was left vacant. Art Institute of Chicago professor Lorado Taft led a poublic campaign to restore the building and turn it into another art museum, one devoted to sculpture. After a few years, the building was selected as the site for a new science museum. White City may be: In the United Kingdom: White City, London In Canada: White City, Saskatchewan In the United States: White City, Florida White City, Kansas White City, Illinois White City, Oregon White City, Utah And also; Tel Aviv; The White City is a nickname for this city in Israel... Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago The Field Museum of Natural History, in Chicago, Illinois, USA, sits on Lake Shore Drive next to Lake Michigan, part of a scenic complex known as Museum Campus Chicago. ... 1920 (MCMXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday. ... The Art Institute of Chicago is a fine art museum located in Chicago, Illinois. ... Self-portrait from the Fountain of Time, Chicago, IL Columbus Fountain, Washington D.C. Lorado Zadoc Taft (April 29, 1860–October 30, 1936) was an American sculptor, writer and educator, was born in Elmwood, Illinois in 1860. ...


The South Park Commissioners (now part of the Chicago Park District) won approval in a referendum to sell $5million in bonds to pay for restoration costs, hoping to turn the building into a sculpture museum, a technical trade school, and other things. At this time, the Commercial Club of Chicago was interested in establishing a science museum in Chicago. Sears, Roebuck and Company president and philanthropist Julius Rosenwald energized his fellow club members by pledging to pay $3million towards the cost of converting the Palace of Fine Arts into a science museum modeled off of the Deutsches Museum in Munich and Technical Museum in Vienna, which in turn were modeled off of the Science Museum in Kensington. Rosenwald and his heirs eventually paid out more money to ensure the completion of the building's restoration and reconstruction when the Park District had to admit $5million wasn't enough to see the project through to completion. The Chicago Park District is the oldest and financially largest Park District in the nation, with over a $400 million budget. ... The Commercial Club of Chicago is a civic improvement club resulted from the 1907 merger of two predecessor Chicago clubs[1]: the Merchants Club (organized in 1896) and the Commercial Club (organized in 1877). ... This article refers to Sears as it existed prior to its merger with Kmart. ... Julius Rosenwald Julius Rosenwald (born August 12, 1862 in Springfield, Illinois - January 6, 1932) was a U.S. manufacturer, business executive, and philanthropist. ... Deutsches Museum Deutsches Museum The Deutsches Museum (German Museum) in Munich, Germany, is the worlds largest museum of technology and science, with approximately 1. ... Munich (German: , pronounced  ; Austro-Bavarian: Minga [2]) is the capital of the German Federal State of Bavaria. ... Technisches Museum Wien The Technisches Museum Wien (German for Vienna Technical Museum) lies in Vienna (Austria), in Penzing district, on the Mariahilferstraße. ... Vienna (German: , see also other names) is the capital of Austria, and also one of the nine States of Austria. ... Image:Science Museum bernoulli exhibit. ... Kensington is an area to the west of Central London in the Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea. ...


The building's exterior was re-cast in limestone, retaining its 1893 Beaux Arts look, while the interior was replaced with a new one in Art Moderne style designed by Alfred Shaw. Beaux-Arts architecture[1] denotes the academic classical architectural style that was taught at the École des Beaux Arts in Paris. ... Marine Air Terminal, LaGuardia Airport. ...

The Museum's Christmas Around the World exhibit
The Museum's Christmas Around the World exhibit

The museum organization was established in 1926 by Julius Rosenwald, who insisted that his name not appear on the building, but nonetheless, for the first few years of the museum's existence, it was known as the Rosenwald Industrial Museum. The name of the museum was later changed to the Museum of Science and Industry in 1928. Rosenwald's vision was to create an interactive museum in the style of the Deutsches Museum, a museum he visited in 1911 when he was on vacation with his family in Germany. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1728 × 2304 pixel, file size: 691 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1728 × 2304 pixel, file size: 691 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Julius Rosenwald Julius Rosenwald (born August 12, 1862 in Springfield, Illinois - January 6, 1932) was a U.S. manufacturer, business executive, and philanthropist. ... Deutsches Museum Deutsches Museum The Deutsches Museum (German Museum) in Munich, Germany, is the worlds largest museum of technology and science, with approximately 1. ...


The museum conducted a nationwide search to find its first director. In the end MSI's Board of Directors selected Waldemar Kaempffert because he shared Julius Rosenwald's vision. Kaempffert was the science editor for the New York Times. He assembled the museum's first staff and began organizing and constructing the exhibits. He was also instrumental in developing close ties with the science departments of the University of Chicago which supplied much of the scholarship for the exhibits. Kaempffert resigned in early 1931 amid growing disputes with the second president of the board of directors over the objectivity and neutrality of the exhibits and his management of the staff. Waldemar Kaempffert (September 27, 1877 - ??) was a US science writer and museum director. ... The New York Times is an internationally known daily newspaper published in New York City and distributed in the United States and many other nations worldwide. ... The University of Chicago is a private university located principally in the Hyde Park neighborhood of Chicago. ...


The new Museum of Science and Industry opened to the public in three stages between 1933 and 1940. The first opening ceremony took place during the Century of Progress Exposition. Two of the Museum's presidents, a number of curators and other staff members, and exhibits came to MSI from A Century of Progress. A 1933 Century of Progress worlds fair poster The Century of Progress International Exposition was a Worlds Fair held in Chicago, Illinois from 1933-1934 to celebrate Chicagos centennial. ...


The museum was also featured in the 1978 film Damien: Omen II. The scene took place in the red stairwell's elevator. The Museum has also appeared in Flatliners and Chain Reaction. // Events February 1 - Bob Dylans film Renaldo and Clara, a documentary of the Rolling Thunder Revue tour premieres in Los Angeles, California March 1 - Charlie Chaplins coffin is stolen from a Swiss cemetery 3 months after burial March - Leigh Brackett completes the first draft for Star Wars Episode... Flatliners is a 1990 film starring Kiefer Sutherland, Julia Roberts, Kevin Bacon, William Baldwin and Oliver Platt as medical students experimenting with near-death experiences. ... A chain reaction is a sequence of reactions where a reactive product or by-product causes additional reactions. ...


Exhibits

U-505
U-505
United's first 727

The Museum has several major permanent exhibits. Take Flight recreates a San Francisco to Chicago flight using a real Boeing 727 jet plane donated by United Airlines. The Coal Mine re-creates a working mine inside the museum. The museum has just opened a new exhibit space for the U-505 Submarine, one of just two German submarines captured during World War II and the only one now on display. Silent film actress Colleen Moore's Fairy Castle is on display, as is The Great Train Story, a 3,500 square foot model railroad that explains the story of transportation from Seattle to Chicago. The Transportation Zone includes exhibits on air and land transportation. The first diesel-powered streamlined stainless-steel train, the Pioneer Zephyr, is on permanent display, and a free tour goes through it every 20 minutes. Several U.S. Navy warships are on display. There is a flight simulator for the new F-35 Lightning II. Image File history File links U-505chicago. ... Image File history File links U-505chicago. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2304 × 1728 pixel, file size: 804 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2304 × 1728 pixel, file size: 804 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Foucaults Pendulum in the Panthéon, Paris A Foucault pendulum, or Foucaults pendulum, named after the French physicist Léon Foucault, was conceived as an experiment to demonstrate the rotation of the Earth; its action is a result of the Coriolis effect. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (2272x1704, 1720 KB) Taken at museum by me. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (2272x1704, 1720 KB) Taken at museum by me. ... The Boeing 727 is a mid-size, narrow-body, three-engine commercial jet airliner. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 532 pixels Full resolution (1109 × 737 pixel, file size: 203 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Part of the Chicago section of The Great Train Story I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 532 pixels Full resolution (1109 × 737 pixel, file size: 203 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Part of the Chicago section of The Great Train Story I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... The Great Train Story is a 3,500 square foot HO scale model railroad display located in the Transportation Zone of the Museum of Science and Industry (Chicago). ... The Boeing 727 is a mid-size, narrow-body, three-engine commercial jet airliner. ... United Airlines, also known as United Air Lines, Inc. ... Unterseeboot 505 was a Type IXC U-boat of the Kriegsmarine, captured by the United States Navy in 1944, and presently a museum ship in Chicago, Illinois. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Colleen Moore, born Kathleen Morrison (August 19, 1900 – January 25, 1988) was an American film actress, and one of the most fashionable stars of the silent film era. ... The Great Train Story is a 3,500 square foot HO scale model railroad display located in the Transportation Zone of the Museum of Science and Industry (Chicago). ... City nickname Emerald City City bird Great Blue Heron City flower Dahlia City mottos The City of Flowers The City of Goodwill City song Seattle, the Peerless City Mayor Greg Nickels County King County Area   - Total   - Land   - Water   - % water 369. ... Nickname: Motto: Urbs In Horto (Latin: City in a Garden), I Will Location in the Chicago metro area and Illinois Coordinates: Country United States State Illinois County Cook & DuPage Incorporated March 4, 1837 Government  - Mayor Richard M. Daley (D) Area  - City  234. ... The Pioneer Zephyr as it appeared in 1934. ... The United States Navy (USN) is the branch of the United States armed forces responsible for naval operations. ... The F-35 Lightning II is a single-seat, single-engine, stealth-capable military strike fighter, a multi-role aircraft that can perform close air support, tactical bombing, and air-to-air combat. ...


In keeping with Rosenwald's vision, many of the exhibits are interactive, ranging from Genetics: Decoding Life, which looks at how genetics affect human and animal development, to ToyMaker 3000, a working assembly line that lets visitors order a toy top and watch as it is made.


The Henry Crown Space Center at the Museum of Science and Industry includes the Apollo 8 capsule which took Frank Borman, James Lovell and William Anders on the first lunar orbital mission. Other exhibits include an OmniMax theater, Scott Carpenter's Mercury Atlas 7 capsule, a Lunar Module trainer and a life-size mockup of a space shuttle. Apollo 8 was the second manned mission of the Apollo space program, in which Commander Frank Borman, Command Module Pilot James Lovell and Lunar Module Pilot William Anders became the first humans to orbit around the Moon. ... Frank Borman (right) poses with Jim Lovell (left) and Bill Anders (center) for an Apollo 8 publicity photo Frank Borman (born March 14, 1928) was a NASA astronaut, best remembered as one of the three crewmembers of Apollo 8, the first mission to fly around the Moon. ... James Jim Arthur Lovell, Jr. ... William Alison Anders (born October 17, 1933) is a former United States Air Force officer and National Aeronautics and Space Administration astronaut. ... IMAX (for Image Maximum) is a film projection system which has the capacity to display images of far greater size and resolution than conventional film display systems. ... Astronaut M. Scott Carpenter inspects the heat shield of his Aurora 7 space capsule Malcolm Scott Carpenter (born May 1, 1925) was one of the original seven astronauts selected in 1959 for Project Mercury. ... MA-7 launch preparation (NASA) // Crew Scott Carpenter (flew on Mercury 7) The original prime crew for Mercury Atlas-7 was Deke Slayton, however Slayton was controversially removed from all flight crew availability after the discovery of cardiac arrhythmia during a training run in the g-loading centrifuge. ... For the current Space Shuttle mission, see STS-117 NASAs Space Shuttle, officially called Space Transportation System (STS), is the United States governments current manned launch vehicle. ...


In addition to its three floors of standing exhibits, the Museum of Science and Industry also hosts temporary and traveling exhibitions. In 2000, it created and hosted the largest display of relics from the wreck of Titanic. It also hosted Gunther von Hagens' Body Worlds exhibit, a view into the human body through use of plastinated human specimens. For other uses, see Titanic. ... Body Worlds (German title: Körperwelten) is a traveling exhibition of preserved human bodies and body parts that are prepared using a technique called plastination to reveal inner anatomical structures. ... // Image:Body blog. ...


The Museum is known for unique and quirky permanent exhibits, such as a walk-through model of the human heart and two cadavers exhibited in 1-inch thick slices. Due to its age and design, the Museum's building itself has become a museum piece. This page is about the muscular organ, the Heart. ...


Other exhibits include Yesterday's Mainstreet; a mock-up of a common street from the early 1900's complete with a cobble road, old-fashioned light fixtures, fire hydrants, and several shops, including the precursors to several Chicago-based businesses. Included are: A cobblestone-covered street Cobblestones are stones used in the pavement of early streets. ...

Unlike the other shops, both Finnigan's Ice Cream Parlor and The Nickelodeon Cinema can be entered and are functional businesses. Finnigan's serves an assortment of flavors and varieties of ice cream and The Nickelodeon Cinema plays short silent films throughout the day for the price of a nickel. Another important aspect to Yesterday's Main Street is the air conditioning that is blown through the exhibit to create the sensation a cool fall evening. The Berghoff Restaurant, Chicago The Berghoff restaurant, at 17 West Adams Street, near the center of the Chicago Loop, was opened in 1898 by Herman Joseph Berghoff and has become a Chicago landmark. ... For the defunct Australia supermarket chain see Jewel Food Stores (Australia) Jewel is an American supermarket chain that has 203 stores in the Chicago metropolitan area, northern and central Illinois. ... Commonwealth Edison (usually called Com Ed by Chicagoans) is an electric company in Illinois owned by Exelon Corporation. ... Walgreens (NYSE: WAG) is a convenience store and pharmacy chain in the United States that operates approximately 5,000 stores throughout the US and Puerto Rico. ... For other uses, see Marshall Fields (disambiguation). ... Nickelodeon is an early 20th century form of small, neighborhood movie theaters in which admission was obtained for a nickel. ...


See also

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Museum of Science and Industry (Chicago)

Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... The Wikimedia Commons (also called Wikicommons) is a repository of free content images, sound and other multimedia files. ... This article includes a list of works cited or a list of external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks in-text citations. ... Image:Science Museum bernoulli exhibit. ... Deutsches Museum Deutsches Museum The Deutsches Museum (German Museum) in Munich, Germany, is the worlds largest museum of technology and science, with approximately 1. ...

References

  • Kogan, Herman. A Continuing Marvel: The Story of the Museum of Science and Industry. 1st ed. Garden City, N.Y., Doubleday, 1973.
  • Pridmore, Jay. Inventive Genius: The History of the Museum of Science and Industry Chicago. Chicago: Museum of Science and Industry, 1996.
  • Museum of Science and Industry (Yesterday's Main Street)

External links

  • Museum web site
  • Pictures of the Museum's exterior

Coordinates: 41°47′26″N, 87°34′58″W Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Museum of Science and Industry (Chicago) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (457 words)
The Museum of Science and Industry is housed in the only in-place surviving building from the 1893 World Columbian Exposition and is a National Historic Landmark.
The Museum of Science and Industry is located in Chicago, Illinois in Jackson Park, in the Hyde Park neighborhood.
In 1933, while Chicago was hosting the Century of Progress, the new Museum of Science and Industry was opened to the public.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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