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Encyclopedia > Museum Island
Map of Museum Island (in red)

Museum Island (or, in German, Museumsinsel) in Berlin, Germany, is the name of the northern half of the Spreeinsel, an island in the Spree river, in the center of the city. (The southern half of the island is called Fischerinsel "Fishers' Island".) The museums on the island are some of the most important in the world. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1200x1209, 707 KB) Beschreibung Lageplan Museumsinsel Berlin Licensing File links The following pages link to this file: Museum Island ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1200x1209, 707 KB) Beschreibung Lageplan Museumsinsel Berlin Licensing File links The following pages link to this file: Museum Island ... This article is about the capital city of Germany. ... The Spree (Slavic Å preva or Å preja, older form Sprevja, Sorbish Sprowja) is a river in Saxony, Brandenburg and Berlin, Germany. ...


The island received its name for several internationally renowned museums that are now occupying all of the island's northern half (originally a residential area dedicated to "art and science" by King Frederick William IV of Prussia in 1841). Constructed under several Prussian kings, their collections of art and archeology were turned into a public foundation after 1918, the Stiftung Preußischer Kulturbesitz, which maintains the collections and museums today. The National Gallery in London, a famous museum. ... King Frederick William IV of Prussia (October 15, 1795 - January 2, 1861), the eldest son and successor of Frederick William III of Prussia, reigned as King of Prussia from 1840 to 1861. ... The coat of arms of the Kingdom of Prussia, 1701-1918 Prussia (German: ; Latin: Borussia, Prutenia; Lithuanian: ; Old Prussian: PrÅ«sa; Polish: ) was, most recently, a historic state originating in East Prussia, an area which for centuries had a substantial influence on German and European history. ...


The Prussian collections became separated during the Cold War with the entire city, but were finally reunited after German reunification. The Federal Republic of Germany (West Germany) and the German Democratic Republic (East Germany) German reunification (Deutsche Wiedervereinigung) took place on October 3, 1990, when the areas of the former German Democratic Republic (GDR, in English commonly called East Germany) were incorporated into the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG, in...


Presently, the Museumsinsel and the collections are in the process of being reorganized. Since several buildings were destroyed in World War II and some of the exhibition space is in the process of being reconstructed, the information below is in a state of flux.

Old Museum (June 2003)
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Old Museum (June 2003)

The Old Museum (Altes Museum) is the oldest of the museums, finished in 1830 according to the plans by Prussian architect Karl Friedrich Schinkel. It was erected opposite of the (no longer existing) Berlin Castle. The oldest museum building in Berlin, it was here where Frederick William III first made the Antikensammlung, the Prussian collection of antiques, available to the public. This collection is now in part exhibited in the Old Museum again. Photo of Old Museum at Berlin (taken June 7, 2003 by djmutex), herewith licensed under GFDL. File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Photo of Old Museum at Berlin (taken June 7, 2003 by djmutex), herewith licensed under GFDL. File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Berlin, Old Museum, June 2003 The Altes Museum or Old Museum was originally for the Prussian Royal familys art collection, built in Berlin in a neoclassical style by architect Karl Friedrich Schinkel between 1823 and 1830. ... Berlin, Old Museum, June 2003 The Altes Museum or Old Museum was originally for the Prussian Royal familys art collection, built in Berlin in a neoclassical style by architect Karl Friedrich Schinkel between 1823 and 1830. ... Liberty Leading the People by Eugène Delacroix commemorates the July Revolution 1830 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... The coat of arms of the Kingdom of Prussia, 1701-1918 The word Prussia (German: Preußen or Preussen, Polish: Prusy, Lithuanian: Prusai, Latin: Borussia) has had various (often contradictory) meanings: The land of the Baltic Prussians (in what is now parts of southern Lithuania, the Kaliningrad exclave of Russia and... Architect at his drawing board, 1893 An architect is a person involved in the planning, designing and oversight of a buildings construction. ... The Old Museum in Berlin Karl Friedrich Schinkel (March 13, 1781 - October 9, 1841) was a German architect and painter. ... Situated at the center of old Berlin or Coelln to be more precise, from which the buildings on the Linden spread as Berlin grew in importance. ... Frederick William III, known in German as Friedrich Wilhelm III, reigned as king of Prussia from 1797 to 1840. ...


The New Museum (Neues Museum), located behind the Old Museum, was completed in 1859 according to plans by August Stüler, a student of Schinkel. It was nearly destroyed in World War II (only some of the outer walls remained) and is presently being reerected. According to plan, after the completion in 2009, it shall -- as before the war -- expose the collections of Egyptian and pre-history.

Bode Museum (under reconstruction) with northern tip of Museum Island (June 2003)
Enlarge
Bode Museum (under reconstruction)
with northern tip of Museum Island (June 2003)

The Old National Gallery (Alte Nationalgalerie) was completed in 1876, also according to designs by August Stüler, to host a collection of 19th century art donated by banker Joachim H. W. Wagener. The collection was greatly expanded and is today one of the largest collections 19th century sculptures and paintings in Germany. The building was badly damaged in World War II and only completely restored and reopened in 2001; today, it hosts the paintings of the collections (while the sculptures are located off the island in the Friedrichswerdersche Kirche, a former church). Photo of Bode Museum at Berlin (taken June 7, 2003 by djmutex), herewith licensed under GFDL. File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Photo of Bode Museum at Berlin (taken June 7, 2003 by djmutex), herewith licensed under GFDL. File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... The Bode Museum The Bode Museum belongs to the group of museums on Museum Island in Berlin and is a historically preserved building. ... Alte Nationalgalerie The Alte Nationalgalerie (Old National Gallery) on Museum Island in Berlin is a gallery showing many important 19th century works from the collection of the Prussian Cultural Heritage Foundation. ...


In 1904 the Kaiser-Friedrich-Museum, today called Bode Museum, was opened. At the northern tip of the island, it too is presently closed for reconstruction. It is planned to be reopened in 2006 to host the collections of sculptures and late antique and Byzantine art. The Bode Museum The Bode Museum belongs to the group of museums on Museum Island in Berlin and is a historically preserved building. ...


The last of the museums is the Pergamon Museum, completed in 1930, which hosts original-size, reconstructed monumental buildings such as the Pergamon Altar and the market gate of Miletus, consisting of parts taken from the original excavation sites. The Pergamon Museum The Pergamon Museum (in German, Pergamonmuseum) is one of the museums on the Museum Island in Berlin. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Miletus was an ancient city on the western coast of Anatolia (in what is now the Aydin Province of Turkey), near the mouth of the Maeander River. ...


The collections that were united on Museum Island for the first time allowed a unified look at European art from the Antiques up to the 19th century, presented in buildings that display the history of museums in themselves over a course of a hundred years, which is why the entire ensemble was added to the UNESCO list of World Heritage Sites in 1999. UNESCO logo UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) is a specialized agency of the United Nations established in 1945. ... Elabana Falls is in Lamington National Park, part of the Central Eastern Rainforest Reserves World Heritage site in Queensland, Australia. ... 1999 (MCMXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday, and was designated the International Year of Older Persons by the United Nations. ...


In addition to the museums, the Berliner Dom is located on the island next to the Lustgarten (Pleasure Garden) that formerly belonged to the Berlin City Palace. Berliner Dom Berliner Dom by night The Berliner Dom or Berlin Cathedral in Berlin, Germany was built in 1905 facing the Lustgarten and the Berlin City Palace). ... Lustgarten, Germany is situated on the banks of the River Spree and crowned by two of Berlins most impressive buildings - the Altes Museum and Berliner Dom - the Lustgarten is one of the most atmospheric spots in the city. ... Berliner Stadtschloss in a 19th century painting Stadtschloss in the 1920s The Berlin City Palace (German: Berliner Stadtschloss) was a palace in central Berlin, on Schlossplatz, next to Alexanderplatz. ...

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Museumsinsel, Berlin

Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... The Wikimedia Commons (also called Commons or Wikicommons) is a repository of free content images, sound and other multimedia files. ...

External links

  • Masterplan Museumsinsel Berlin (German)

  Results from FactBites:
 
Museum Island - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (585 words)
Museum Island (or, in German, Museumsinsel) in Berlin, Germany, is the name of the northern half of the Spreeinsel, an island in the Spree river, in the center of the city.
The island received its name for several internationally renowned museums that are now occupying all of the island's northern half (originally a residential area dedicated to "art and science" by King Frederick William IV of Prussia in 1841).
The Old Museum (Altes Museum) is the oldest of the museums, finished in 1830 according to the plans by Prussian architect Karl Friedrich Schinkel.
Kelham Island Museum - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (223 words)
The Kelham Island Museum is an industrial museum in The City of Sheffield, England.
The museum gives tours to local schools and has regular demonstrations of the 1905 River Don Engine, a 12,000 horsepower (9 MW) steam engine, which originally powered a local armour plate rolling mill.
The Kelham Island Museum is situated next to the famous Fat Cat public house, which is one of two public houses owned by the independent Kelham Island Brewery.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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