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Encyclopedia > Muscle relaxant

A muscle relaxant is a drug which decreases the tone of a muscle.

Contents


Central acting muscle relaxants

alprazolam 2mg tablets The benzodiazepines are a class of drugs with sedative, hypnotic, anxiolytic, anticonvulsant, amnestic and muscle relaxant properties. ... Methocarbamol (chemical formula: ) is a central muscle relaxant for skeletal muscles, used to treat spasms. ...

Unclassified

Here are several other skeletal muscle relaxants which may belong in the above categories:

Baclofen (brand names Kemstro® and Lioresal®) is a derivative of gamma-aminobutyric acid, and is a specific to GABAB receptors. ... Carisoprodol is a skeletal muscle relaxant whose active metabolite is meprobamate. ... This page meets Wikipedias criteria for speedy deletion. ... Cyclobenzaprine is a skeletal muscle relaxant and a Central Nervous System (CNS) Depressant. ... Dantrolene sodium is a muscle relaxant that is currently the only specific and effective treatment for malignant hyperthermia. ... Metaxalone is a muscle relaxant with a trade name of Skelaxin. ... looking up a mucle relaxser by the name of Noeflex ... Pancuronium bromide is a chemical compound, used in medicine with the brand name Pavulon® (Organon Pharmaceuticals). ... Tizanidine (Zanaflex) is a centrally acting a2-adrenergic agonist. ...

Acting on smooth muscle

Dicyclomine Smooth muscle is a type of non-striated muscle, found within the walls of hollow organs; such as blood vessels, the bladder, the uterus, and the gastrointestinal tract. ...


Other

Drugs from classes other than the muscle relaxant class are also used to treat spasticity:

Clonidine is a centrally acting antihypertensive (to lower high blood pressure) agent, used mainly for this purpose in the past. ... Gabapentin (brand name: Neurontin®) was initially synthesized to mimic the structure of GABA for the treatment of epilepsy. ...

See also

Paralysis is the complete loss of muscle function for one or more muscle groups. ...

External references

  • Review of skeletal muscle relaxants (PDF)


Muscle relaxants (M03) edit
Peripherally acting:

Alcuronium, Atracurium, Cisatracurium, Dimethyltubocurarine, Doxacurium chloride, Fazadinium bromide, Gallamine, Hexafluronium, Mivacurium chloride, Pancuronium, Pipecuronium bromide, Rocuronium bromide, Suxamethonium, Tubocurarine, Vecuronium A section of the Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical Classification System. ... Alcuronium is a peripherally acting muscle relaxant in the curare alkaloid family. ... Atracurium is a neuromuscular-blocking drug or muscle relaxant in the category non-depolarising neuromuscular blocking agents, used in anaesthesia to facilitate endotracheal intubation and to provide skeletal muscle relaxation during surgery or mechanical ventilation. ... Cisatracurium is a muscle relaxant in the quaternary ammonium compound family. ... Doxacurium chloride is a muscle relaxant in the quaternary ammonium compound family. ... Gallamine is a non-depolarising muscle relaxant. ... Mivacurium is a short-acting bisbenzylisoquinolinium based neuromuscular blocker or muscle relaxant used to facilitate intubation and relax skeletal muscles as an adjunct to general anesthesia. ... Pancuronium bromide is a chemical compound, used in medicine with the brand name Pavulon® (Organon Pharmaceuticals). ... Rocuronium is a non-depolarizing (that is, it does not cause initial stimulation of muscles before weakening them) neuromuscular blocker used in modern anaesthesia, to aid and enable endotracheal intubation, which is often necessary to assist in the controlled ventilation of unconscious patients during surgery and sometimes in intensive care. ... Suxamethonium chloride (also known as succinylcholine, or scoline) is a white crystalline substance, it is odourless and highly soluble in water. ... Tubocurarine chloride is a competitive neuromuscular blocker, used to paralyse patients undergoing anaesthesia. ... Vecuronium Bromide is a muscle relaxant in the category of non depolarising neuromuscular blocking agents. ...

Centrally acting:

Baclofen, Carisoprodol, Chlormezanone, Chlorzoxazone, Cyclobenzaprine, Febarbamate, Mephenesin, Methocarbamol, Orphenadrine, Phenprobamate, Phenyramidol, Pridinol, Styramate, Tetrazepam, Thiocolchicoside, Tizanidine, Tolperisone Baclofen (brand names Kemstro® and Lioresal®) is a derivative of gamma-aminobutyric acid, and is a specific to GABAB receptors. ... Carisoprodol is a skeletal muscle relaxant whose active metabolite is meprobamate. ... Chlormezanone is a centrally acting muscle relaxant. ... This page meets Wikipedias criteria for speedy deletion. ... Cyclobenzaprine is a skeletal muscle relaxant and a Central Nervous System (CNS) Depressant. ... Mephenesin is a centrally acting muscle relaxant. ... Methocarbamol (chemical formula: ) is a central muscle relaxant for skeletal muscles, used to treat spasms. ... looking up a mucle relaxser by the name of Noeflex ... Phenprobamate is a centrally acting skeletal muscle relaxant. ... Tetrazepam, (Clinoxan, Myolastan, Musaril) is a benzodiazepine derivative with anxiolytic and muscle relaxant properties. ... Tizanidine (Zanaflex) is a centrally acting a2-adrenergic agonist. ... Tolperisone. ...

Directly acting:

Dantrolene Dantrolene sodium is a muscle relaxant that is currently the only specific and effective treatment for malignant hyperthermia. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Muscle relaxant Summary (817 words)
The muscle relaxant cyclobenzaprine (Flexeril) is also sometimes used to treat fibromyalgia, a condition that involves aches, stiffness, and fatigue.
Muscle relaxants are usually prescribed along with rest, exercise, physical therapy, or other treatments.
Muscle relaxants work quite well for relieving muscle pain due to injuries, but are not effective for other types of pain.
Muscle Relaxants | Caremark Health Resources (793 words)
They are a separate class of drugs from the muscle relaxant drugs used during intubations and surgery to reduce the need for anesthesia and facilitate intubation.
Skeletal muscle relaxants may be used for relief of spasticity in neuromuscular diseases, such as multiple sclerosis, as well as for spinal cord injury and stroke.
Although the muscle relaxants may be divided into only two groups, centrally acting and peripherally acting, the centrally acting group, which appears to act on the central nervous system, contains 10 drugs which are chemically different, while only dantrolene has a direct action at the level of the nerve-muscle connection.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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