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Encyclopedia > Muscat, Oman
Muscat, Oman
Location of Muscat, Oman
Classification City
Sultan Qaboos bin Said al Said
Area 3,500 km² [1]
Population
 - Total (2005)
 - Density
 - Oman calculated rank

606,024 [2]
184.57/km²
1st
Timezone: (UTC) +4
Latitude
Longitude
23.61° N 58.54° E
Official website: http://www.omanet.om

Muscat (Arabic: مسقط Masqaṭ, IPA: [mʌsqʌtˁ]) is the capital and largest city in the Sultanate of Oman. It is the largest city in the muhafazah (governorate) of Muscat (sometimes referred to as Masqat to differentiate it from the city). The city of Muscat has a 2005 estimated population of 600,000 [3]. Image File history File links Oman_Masqat. ... Look up city, City in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Sultan (Arabic: سلطان) is an Islamic title, with several historical meanings. ... Sayyed Qaboos bin Sa’id Al ‘Bu Sa’id GCB GCMG GCVO (Arabic: قابوس بن سعيد آل سعيد born November 18, 1940 in Salalah) is the current Sultan of Oman. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... 2005 is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Population density by country, 2006 Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. ... A hierarchy (in Greek: , derived from — hieros, sacred, and — arkho, rule) is a system of ranking and organizing things or people, where each element of the system (except for the top element) is subordinate to a single other element. ... Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ... TimeZone is an Internet forum for discussion of watches and horology. ... Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) is a high-precision atomic time standard. ... Latitude,usually denoted symbolically by the Greek letter phi, , gives the location of a place on Earth north or south of the equator. ... Longitude is the east-west geographic coordinate measurement most commonly utilized in cartography and global navigation. ... Arabic ( or just ) is the largest living member of the Semitic language family in terms of speakers. ... Articles with similar titles include the NATO phonetic alphabet, which has also informally been called the “International Phonetic Alphabet”. For information on how to read IPA transcriptions of English words, see IPA chart for English. ... Not to be confused with capitol. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Governorate. ... A governorate is a country subdivision. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


The greater metropolitan area of Muscat, known locally as the "Capital Area", currently covers an area of approximately 1500 km². Since the ascession of Qaboos bin Said as Sultan of Oman, Muscat has seen a growth of infrastructural development and urbanization Pockets of dense residential and commercial districts are interspersed with undeveloped land. The major centers of development can be split into three main groups: Sayyed Qaboos ibn Sa`id Al Bu Sa`id (born November 18, 1940) is the current Sultan of Oman. ... Sultan (Arabic: سلطان) is an Islamic title, with several historical meanings. ...

  • West Muscat: Al-Seeb, Udhaybah, Bawsher, Al-Ghubbrah and Ghala
  • Central Muscat: Al-Khuwair, Madinat Al Sultan Qaboos, Shati-Al Qurm, Qurm and Ras Al Hamra
  • East Muscat: Wuttayah, Ruwi, Matrah, Kalbuh, Old Muscat, Sidab and Al-Bustan

In general, Muscat presents a relatively homogeneous appearance of low (rarely more than five story), generally white buildings, with residential, government, and commercial architecture frequently recalling, at least by allusion, historic regional styles. For a city at the edge of the Arabian peninsula and in Oman's sometimes fierce climate, Muscat is remarkably green, with tree-lined main streets linking the various districts, several sizeable public parks, and grass, shrubs, and flowers decorating many traffic circles and other public areas. مدينة السلطان قابوس Madinate Al Sultan Qaboos is the area in the middle of the Central Muscat, the Capital of the Sultanate of Oman. ... Clocktower in bustling Ruwi Ruwi is the commercial center of Muscat, Oman. ... Mutrah Harbor Matrah, (Arabic: ‎) population 600,000, is a city located in the Muscat province of Oman. ...


On June 6, 2007, Muscat was hit by Cyclone Gonu causing extensive damage to properties and rendering electricity, telephone lines and the international airport inoperative. An estimation of the damage to life and property caused by the cyclone is yet to be released. [1] Commercial centres and residences at Qurm, Ghubra and Ghala localities were among the worst hit. [2] is the 157th day of the year (158th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... Current storm status Category 3 cyclone (1-min mean) As of: 1100 UTC June 5 Location: 21. ... This article is about the meteorological phenomenon. ...

Contents

History

Old Muscat
Old Muscat

Muscat is one of the oldest cities in the Middle East. It has been known since the second century AD. Some 3,000 pounds (1,400 kg) of frankincense was transported each year by ship from southern Arabia to Greece, Rome and the Mediterranean. The centre of this trade was in a place called Khour Rouri, which the Greeks called "Muscat". (Note that Khour Rouri is now recognized as an archaeological site in the Dhofar region of the country, more than 500 miles south of present-day Muscat, far closer to the present-day city of Salalah). Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2048 × 1536 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2048 × 1536 pixel, file size: 1. ... ( 1st century - 2nd century - 3rd century - other centuries) Events Roman Empire governed by the Five Good Emperors ( 96– 180) – Nerva, Trajan, Hadrian, Antoninus Pius, Marcus Aurelius. ... Dionysius Exiguus invented Anno Domini years to date Easter. ... The pound (abbreviations: lb or, sometimes in the United States, #) is a unit of mass (called weight in everyday parlance) in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... 100g of frankincense resin. ... The Arabian Peninsula The Arabian Peninsula is a mainly desert peninsula in Southwest Asia at the junction of Africa and Asia and an important part of the greater Middle East. ... Nickname: Motto: SPQR: Senatus Populusque Romanus Location of the city of Rome (yellow) within the Province of Rome (red) and region of Lazio (grey) Coordinates: Region Lazio Province Province of Rome Founded 21 April 753 BC Government  - Mayor Walter Veltroni Area  - City 1,285 km²  (580 sq mi)  - Urban 5... The Mediterranean Sea is an intercontinental sea positioned between Europe to the north, Africa to the south and Asia to the east, covering an approximate area of 2. ... Salalah from space, November 2004 Classification City Sultan Qaboos bin Said al Said Area ?,???km² [1] Population  - Total (2005)  - Density  - Oman calculated rank 178,447[2] ???.??/km² 2nd Timezone: (UTC) +4 Latitude Longitude 17. ...


The first European presence in Muscat was in the form of the Portuguese explorer Vasco da Gama, who landed in Oman on his way to India. The Portuguese returned in 1507 to sack and capture Muscat. In 1649, the Imam Sultan bin Saif defeated the Portuguese under André Pereira dos Reis and drove them away east to Goa, India. For other uses, see Vasco da Gama (disambiguation). ... 1507 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... // Events January 30 - King Charles I of England, Scotland and Ireland is beheaded. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... André Pereira dos Reis was a Portuguese captain, pilot, and cartographer. ... For other uses, see Goa (disambiguation). ...


With the superior, captured warships of the Portuguese navy, the Imam established an empire that spanned from Zanzibar in the south to Gwadar in what is now Pakistan in the east. Slaves were brought in from Zanzibar and Balochistan to work in Oman and traded elsewhere. This was a period of relative stability and prosperity in Muscat and Oman. Map of Zanzibars main island Zanzibar is part of Tanzania Coordinates: , Country Tanzania Islands Unguja and Pemba Capital Zanzibar City Settled AD 1000 Government  - Type semi-autonomous part of Tanzania  - President Amani Abeid Karume Area  - Both Islands  637 sq mi (1,651 km²) Population (2004)  - Both Islands 1,070... Gwadar is located on the southwestern coast of Pakistan, close to the Strait of Hormuz in the Persian Gulf. ... Major ethnic groups in Pakistan and surrounding areas, in 1980. ...


The country was torn apart by strife and unrest upon the death of the Imam in 1679. Muscat was then invaded by the Persians in 1737, albeit briefly, since Admad bin Said defeated them and was subsequently elected Imam. Events January 24 - King Charles II of England disbands Parliament August 7 - The brigantine Le Griffon, which was commissioned by René Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle, is towed to the southern end of the Niagara River, to become the first ship to sail the upper Great Lakes. ... The Persians of Iran (officially named Persia by West until 1935 while still referred to as Persia by some) are an Iranian people who speak Persian (locally named Fârsi by native speakers) and often refer to themselves as ethnic Iranians as well. ...


In 1803, the Wahabbis of Saudi Arabia attacked Oman, but were repulsed by Sayyid Said bin Sultan. The sultan then set up a colony in the fertile areas of Zanzibar and essentially ruled Oman from a foreign island. Later, in 1853, the Sultan transferred the title of "capital" of Oman to Zanzibar. Thus began to decline of the fortunes of Muscat and Oman. Wahhabism (sometimes spelled Wahabbism or Wahabism) is a movement of Islam named after Muhammad ibn Abd al Wahhab (1703–1792). ... Said bin Sultan (1790 - October 19, 1856) was Sultan of Muscat and Oman from November 20, 1804 to June 4, 1856. ... Muscat and Oman (Arabic:مسقط وعمان) was a country that encompassed the present day Sultanate of Oman and parts of the United Arab Emirates (UAE). ...


In 1913, Sultan Taimur bin Faisal became Sultan and the territory was renamed "Muscat and Oman" with the Sultan ruling Muscat and the Imam ruling Oman. After Indian independence in 1947, the Sultan, with the help of the British, defeated the Imam, unified most of Oman taking command of the Buraimi oasis. Sayyid Taimur bin Faisal bin Turki (1886-1965) ruled as Sultan of Muscat and Oman from October 15, 1913 to February 10, 1932. ... The Indian independence struggle incorporated the efforts by Indians to liberate the region from British rule and form the nation-state of India. ... Year 1947 (MCMXLVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1947 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... ‹ The template below (Expand) is being considered for deletion. ...


The Dhofar War began in 1964 which was a communist insurrection staged from the Peoples Democratic Republic of Yemen against the Sultan of Oman. The insurrection was opposed by Omani, British and Iranian forces and was successfully put down. Six years later, Prince Qaboos bin Said, son of Sultan Said bin Taimur staged a palace coup and claimed the throne. The old Sultan was flown to London by the British Royal Air Force. The coup, staged by Prince Qaboos, with his close friend and confidant Tim Landon at his side, was the beginning of a new consolidated, modern sultanate. 1964 (MCMLXIV) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1964 calendar). ... Sayyed Qaboos bin Sa’id Al ‘Bu Sa’id GCB GCMG GCVO (Arabic: قابوس بن سعيد آل سعيد born November 18, 1940 in Salalah) is the current Sultan of Oman. ... A coup détat, or simply a coup, is the sudden overthrow of a government, usually done by a small group that just replaces the top power figures. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... The Royal Air Force (RAF) is the air force branch of the British Armed Forces. ...


Economy

Al Alam Palace, Muscat

Muscat, like much of Oman, is dominated by trade. The more traditional exports of the city include dates, mother of pearl, frankincense and fish. Many of the souks of old Muscat and Muttrah sell these items and traditional Omani artefacts. Image File history File links Muscat_QaboosPalace. ... Image File history File links Muscat_QaboosPalace. ... Binomial name Phoenix dactylifera L. The Date Palm Phoenix dactylifera is a palm, extensively cultivated for its edible fruit. ... A piece of nacre Nacre, also known as mother of pearl, is an organic mixture of calcium carbonate (CaCO3) in the form of platy crystals of aragonite and conchiolin (a scleroprotein). ... 100g of frankincense resin. ... The souq in Marrakech, Morocco A souk (سوق, also sook, souq, or suq) is a commercial quarter in an Arab city. ...


Petroleum Development Oman (PDO) has been central to Muscat's economy since at least 1962 and is the country's second largest employer, after the government. PDO's major shareholders include Royal Dutch/Shell, Total, and Partex and its production is estimated to be about 720,000 barrels per day. Petroleum Development Oman (also PDO) is the national oil exploration and production company of Oman. ... Royal Dutch Shell plc is a multinational oil company of British and Dutch origins. ...


Muscat also has major trading companies such as Suhail and Saud Bahwan, which is a trading partner for corporations such as Toshiba, Subaru, Seiko, Hewlett Packard, General Motors; Saud Bahwan Group whose trading partners are Toyota, Daihatsu and Hertz Rent-a-Car; and Zubair Automotive whose trading partners include Mitsubishi, and DaimlerChrysler brands such as Dodge. Toshiba Corporations headquarters (Center) in Hamamatsucho, Tokyo Toshiba Corporation sales by division for year ending March 31, 2005 Toshiba Corporation ) (TYO: 6502 ) is a Japanese multinational conglomerate manufacturing company, headquartered in Tokyo, Japan. ... For other uses, see Subaru (disambiguation). ... Seiko Corporation ) (TYO: 8050 ) is a Japanese watch company. ... It has been suggested that HP ProLiant be merged into this article or section. ... General Motors Corporation (NYSE: GM), also known as GM, is an American automobile maker with worldwide operations and brands including Buick, Cadillac, Chevrolet, GMC, Holden, Hummer, Opel, Pontiac, Saturn, Saab and Vauxhall. ... This article is about the automaker. ... Daihatsu is a Japanese manufacturer of cars, especially compact/small cars. ... The Hertz Corporation (also known as Hertz Rent A Car or simply Hertz) is the worlds largest car rental company, with 1900 locations in the United States and 5100 worldwide. ... Mitsubishi Logo The Mitsubishi Group ), Mitsubishi Group of Companies, or Mitsubishi Companies, all refer to a large grouping of independently operated Japanese companies which share the Mitsubishi brand name. ... DaimlerChrysler AG (ISIN: DE0007100000) is a German car corporation and the worlds fifth largest car manufacturer. ...


Mina Sultan Qaboos, Muscat's main trading port, is an important trading hub between the Persian Gulf, the Indian subcontinent and the Far East with an annual volume of about 1.6 million tons. However, the emergence of the Jebel Ali Free Zone in neighboring Dubai, United Arab Emirates, has made that port the premier maritime trading port of the region with about 44 million tons traded in cargo annually. Map of the Persian Gulf. ... Map of South Asia (see note) This article deals with the geophysical region in Asia. ... Jebel Ali Free Zone (JAFZ) is located in the emirate of Dubai in the United Arab Emirates. ... Coordinates: , Emirate Government  - Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum Area [1]  - Metro 4,114 km² (1,588. ...


All infrastructural facilities are owned and operated by the government of Oman. Oman Telecommunications (Omantel) is the major telecommunications organization in Oman and provides local, long-distance and international dialing facilities and operates as the country's only ISP. Recent liberalization of the mobile telephone market has seen the establishment of a second provider: Nawras “ISP” redirects here. ...


Society and religion

Dome of the popular Riyam Park, Muscat

Omanis constitute about 60 percent of the local population. Muscat has a sizeable expatriate population, mainly in the form of skilled and unskilled workers from the Indian subcontinent, Sudan, Egypt and other GCC countries. Image File history File links Muscat_RiyamDome. ... Image File history File links Muscat_RiyamDome. ... This article includes a list of works cited or a list of external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks in-text citations. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Map of South Asia (see note) This article deals with the geophysical region in Asia. ... ...


Arabic is the official language of the state. Swahili, English, Hindi and Malayalam are widely spoken. Arabic ( or just ) is the largest living member of the Semitic language family in terms of speakers. ... Swahili (also called Kiswahili; see below for derivation) is a Bantu language. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... Hindi ( , Devanagari: or , IAST: , IPA: ), an Indo-European language spoken mainly in northern and central India, is one of the two official languages of India, the other being English. ... Malayalam (മലയാളം ) is the language spoken predominantly in the state of Kerala, in southern India. ...


Most of the city's residents are followers of Islam, the Sultanate's only recognized religion. 75 percent of the people are Ibadi Muslims. Muscat also has foreign minorities of Hindus and Christians. Oman allows non-Muslims to practice their religion, but they may not proselytize publicly or distribute religious literature. The city has two Hindu temples — a Shiva temple and a Krishna temple, and a Saints Peter & Paul Church in the city's Ruwi locality. For people named Islam, see Islam (name). ... Al-Ibāḍiyyah (Arabic الاباضية) is a form of Islam distinct from the Shiite and Sunni denominations. ... There is also a collection of Hadith called Sahih Muslim A Muslim (Arabic: مسلم, Persian: Mosalman or Mosalmon Urdu: مسلمان, Turkish: Müslüman, Albanian: Mysliman, Bosnian: Musliman) is an adherent of the religion of Islam. ... This article discusses the adherents of Hinduism. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Pope · Archbishop of Canterbury Patriarch of Constantinople Christianity Portal This box:      A Christian () is a person who... The English language word proselytism is derived ultimately from the Greek language prefix pros (towards) and the verb erchomai (to come). ... Bedugul Hindu temple in Bali, Indonesia A Hindu temple, is a house of worship for followers of Hinduism. ... Shiva (IAST: , also spelled Siva; Hindi, Shiv) is one of the principal deities of Hinduism. ... This article is about the Hindu deity. ... In traditional Christian iconography, Saints are often depicted as having halos. ... According to tradition, Peter was crucified upside-down, as shown in this painting by Caravaggio. ... Paul of Tarsus (b. ... It has been suggested that Ecclesia (Church) be merged into this article or section. ... Clocktower in bustling Ruwi Ruwi is the commercial center of Muscat, Oman. ...


Transport

The main airport is Seeb International Airport around 25 km from the city's business district of Ruwi and 15 to 20 km from the main residential localities of Al-Khuwair, Madinat Al Sultan Qaboos, Shati Al-Qurm and Al-Qurm. Muscat is one of the three headquarters of Gulf Air and the headquarters for the local Oman Air, both of which fly to several destinations within the Middle East, the Indian Subcontinent and East Africa. In addition, Gulf Air flies to select destinations in Europe, Great Britain, North Africa and East Asia. Other airlines such as British Airways, Lufthansa, Emirates, Swiss International Air Lines, Kuwait Airways, Air India and Thai Airways also fly through Seeb International Airport. Seeb International Airport (IATA: MCT, ICAO: OOMS) is the main airport in Muscat, Oman. ... Gulf Air Airbus A340-300 take-off from London Heathrow. ... Oman Air (الطيران العماني) is an airline based in Muscat, Oman. ... A map showing countries commonly considered to be part of the Middle East The Middle East is a region comprising the lands around the southern and eastern parts of the Mediterranean Sea, a territory that extends from the eastern Mediterranean Sea to the Persian Gulf. ... For the 1930s airline of similar name, see British Airways Ltd. ... The Luftansa headquarters in Cologne, Germany. ... “Emirates” redirects here. ... Swiss International Air Lines (short: Swiss) is the principal airline of Switzerland operating scheduled services in Europe and to North America, South America, Africa and Asia. ... Kuwait Airways (Arabic: الخطوط الجوية الكويتية) is the national airline of Kuwait, based in Kuwait City and wholly owned by the Kuwaiti Government. ... Air India (formerly Air-India, Hindi: ) is the national flag carrier of India with a worldwide network of passenger and cargo services. ... Thai Airways may refer to the present day airline Thai Airways International. ...


The Muscat area is well serviced by paved roads and dual-carriageway connects most major cities and towns in the country. A typical British dual carriageway, this one being the A63(T) near Hull A dual carriageway or divided highway is a road or highway in which the two directions of traffic are separated by a central barrier or strip of land, known as a central reservation or median. ...

View of the Muttrah corniche, Muscat
View of the Muttrah corniche, Muscat

Public transportation in Muscat, and Oman in general, leaves much to be desired. There is no rail or metro network in the country. Several forms of public transport are popular in Oman. Most popular are the "Baiza" buses, so named for the lower denomination of the Omani Rial, the baisa (an adaptation of the Indian lower denomination paisa). These are relatively inexpensive and service all major roadways, as well as a wide and loose network of smaller byways in the greater Muscat metropolitan area, opportunistically dropping off and picking up passengers at any location. Less popular and slightly more expensive are large public buses, coloured red and green, whose service is limited to major roadways and point-to-point travel routes between Oman's major cities and towns. Taxis, also colour-coded orange and white, provide semi-personal transportation in the form of both individual hire and the same opportunistic roadway service as Baiza buses. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 534 pixelsFull resolution (1024 × 683 pixel, file size: 119 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 534 pixelsFull resolution (1024 × 683 pixel, file size: 119 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... ISO 4217 Code OMR User(s) Oman Inflation 1. ... A Paisa (pl. ...


Baiza buses and colour-coded orange-and-white taxis are unmetered, after several government initiatives to introduce meters were rejected. The fare is set by way of negotiation, although taxi drivers usually adhere to certain unwritten rules for fares within the city. In many countries, one is advised to negotiate a fare with the driver before getting into a taxi. However, in Oman, asking for the fare beforehand often demonstrates a passenger's newness and unfamiliarity with the area. One should always find out the normally accepted fare for one's journey from one's hotel or host before looking for a taxi. Negotiator redirects here. ...


Unlike in some other wealthy countries in the Gulf, taxi and bus drivers in Oman are exclusively Omani nationals.


Taxis will also generally take passengers to locations out of the city, including Sohar, Buraimi and Dubai. Sohar (صحار in Arabic) is located in the Al-Batinah province of the Sultanate of Oman, 240 kilometers north-west of the capital Muscat. ...


Administrative Divisions

Muscat governorate consists of six wilayats: Muscat, Mutrah, Bawshar, Seeb, Al Amerat and Qurayyat. A wilaya is an administrative subdivision of several countries, including Algeria, Morocco, Sudan, and Oman. ... Mutrah is a small city located in the Muscat province of Oman. ... Seeb Airport Authority in Muscat, Oman is privatised following a government decision to innovate the airport, to the requirements of the increased number of passengers This aircraft-related article is a stub. ...


References

  1. ^ Cyclone lashes Oman as Iran batters Down. Khaleejtimes.com. June 7, 2007
  2. ^ Commercial centres and residences at Qurm, Ghubra and Ghala localities were among the worst hit. . freetheweek.com. June 6, 2007

External links

Subdivisions of Oman Flag of Oman
Regions
Ad Dakhiliyah | Al Bāţinah | Al Wusta | Ash Sharqiyah | Ad Dhahirah
Governorates
Masqat | Musandam | Dhofar

  Results from FactBites:
 
Muscat, Oman - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1518 words)
This was a period of relative stability and prosparity in Muscat and Oman.
In 1913, Sultan Taimur bin Faisal became Sultan and the territory was renamed "Muscat and Oman" with the Sultan ruling Muscat and the Imam ruling Oman.
Muscat is one of the three headquarters of Gulf Air and the headquarters for the local Oman Air, both of which fly to several destinations within the Middle East, the Indian Subcontinent and East Africa.
Muscat and Oman - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (740 words)
Muscat and Oman (Arabic:ﻥﺎﻣﻋ ﻭ ﻁﻗﺴﻣ) was a country that encompassed the present day Sultanate of Oman and parts of the United Arab Emirates (UAE).
The discovery of oil in the Persian Gulf exacerbated the dispute of territory between the Sultanate of Muscat and the Imamate of Oman.
The Imamate of Oman fell and the newly consolidated territories along with the territory of Muscat, became the Sultanate of Oman.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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