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Encyclopedia > Murten

Coordinates: 46°55′N 7°07′E Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...

Murten/Morat
Canton Fribourg
District See
Coordinates  46°55′N 7°07′E
Population 5572   (January 2003)
Area 12.02 km²
Elevation 453 m
Postal code 3280
SFOS number 2275
Website www.murten.ch
Location on map of Switzerland
Murten/Morat
Berntor in Murten
Berntor in Murten

Murten (-German; French: Morat) is a town in the canton of Fribourg, Switzerland, on the southern shores of Lake Morat. Murten is situated between Berne and Lausanne and is the capital of the Lake District of the canton of Fribourg. The twenty-six cantons of Switzerland are the states of the federal state of Switzerland. ... The Canton of Fribourg is a canton of Switzerland. ... In contrast to centrally organised states, in the federally constituted Switzerland each Canton is completely free to decide its own internal organisation. ... District of Lac/See Municipalities of Lac/See The District of Lac (German: Seebezirk, French: District du Lac) is one of the seven districts of the Canton of Fribourg. ... This article is about longitude and latitude; see also UTM coordinate system Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (vertically) and longitude (horizontally); large version (pdf) The geographic (earth-mapping) coordinate system expresses every horizontal position on Earth by two of the three coordinates of a spherical coordinate system which... 2003 is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar, and also: The International Year of Freshwater The European Disability Year Events January events January 1 Luíz Inácio Lula Da Silva becomes the 37th President of Brazil. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... Basic Definition In geography, the elevation of a geographic location is its height above mean sea level (or some other fixed point). ... The metre, or meter (symbol: m) is the SI base unit of length. ... Here are postal codes of Switzerland and Liechtenstein: Zone 1 1000s are found in Lausanne, Lavaux and parts of Morges, 1100s in parts of Morges, 1200s are in Geneva and parts of La Côte, Vaud, 1300s in La Vallée, 1500s are found in Clavaleyres, the 1700s are found... The Official Munipality Key, formerly also known as the Official Municipality Characteristic Number or Municipality Code Number, is a number sequence for the identification of politically independent municipalities or municipality-free areas. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1359x922, 341 KB) Switzerland Map drawn by Tschubby see also Karte_Schweiz_Details. ... Image File history File links Red_pog. ... Image File history File links Berntor_murten. ... Image File history File links Berntor_murten. ... Berntor in Murten Murten (in German) Morat (in French) is a town in the canton of Fribourg, Switzerland, on the southern shores of Lake Murten. ... The Canton of Fribourg is a canton of Switzerland. ... Lake Murten (Lac de Morat, Murtensee) is a lake in the west of Switzerland. ... Location within Switzerland The city of Berne (German   , French Berne , Italian Berna , Romansh Berna , Bernese German Bärn ), is the Bundesstadt (administrative capital) of Switzerland and the fourth most populous Swiss city (after Zürich, Geneva and Basel). ... Lausanne is a city in the French-speaking part of Switzerland, situated on the shores of Lake Geneva (French: Lac Léman), and facing Évian-les-Bains (France) and with the Jura hills to its north. ...

Contents

Geography

This small medieval town lies in the Swiss "Midlands" on the edge of the Great Marsh, on a gentle hill (450 metres above sea level) and on the shore of Lake Morat (or Murtensee, named after the town). Numerous attractions from a significant past have been well preserved here, such as the castle, the ring wall, the street scene and the arcades. Lake Morat is a smaller lake located in between Lake Biel and Lake Neuchâtel. Lake Biel Lake Biel (German: Bielersee, French: Lac de Bienne) is a lake in the west of Switzerland. ... Lake Neuchâtel (French: Lac de Neuchâtel; German: Neuenburgersee) is a lake in Western Switzerland (French-speaking Switzerland). ...


Mount Vully is situated on the western side of the Seeland's largest plain and resembles a pearl gently placed among the three lakes of Murten, Neuchâtel and Biel. Already long ago, the Celtic and Helevetic tribes appreciated the region's temperate climate and the local countryside's


particular charm.


Today, the Vully vineyards take up a large part of the south face of the Vully. The over 100 hectares of vineyards are facing towards Lake Morat, which assures the mild regional climate.



Murten is also famous in history for the defeat of Charles the Bold by the Swiss. The former fortified city, which has kept most of its ramparts and towers, has picturesque charm. Charles the Bold Charles, called the Bold (French: Charles le Téméraire) (November 10, 1433 – 1477) was Duke of Burgundy from 1467 to 1477. ...


The first language of 73% of the population is German, of 14% French, and of 3% Italian.


History

The town’s name is derived from the Celtic word moriduno, meaning “lakeside fortress”. It was first mentioned in 515 as the existence of a defensive place called “Muratum”. By 1013, the place was known as a fortress. Duke Berchtold IV of Zaeringen founded the town in 1159 next to the fortress. After his death, Murten was recognized as a “Free Imperial Town” by the German emperor Frederic II. At that time, the emperor himself lived in the South of Italy and a small town north of the Alps was not his concern. It did not last long -– in 1255 Murten fell under the protection of Count Peter of Savoy. The West face of the Petit Dru above the Chamonix valley near the Mer de Glace. ... There are two people from the House of Savoy named Peter of Savoy: Peter I of Savoy (d. ...


A fire in 1416 led to rebuilding in stone. On June 22nd 1476, Charles the Bold, duke of Burgundy, laid a siege known as the Battle of Murten. The town hung on for 13 days but finally was saved by the Bernese army. The enemy’s army was destroyed completely -– some 10,000 Burgundians were killed. Since then, Murten celebrates the victory every year on June 22nd. Coat of arms of the 2nd duchy of Burgundy and later of the French province of Burgundy Burgundy (French: Bourgogne) is a historic region of France, inhabited in turn by Celts (Gauls), Romans (Gallo-Romans), and various Germanic peoples , most importantly the Burgundians and the Franks. ... The Battle of Morat was a battle in the Burgundian Wars fought June 22, 1467 between Charles, Duke of Burgundy and a Swiss army at Morat (German: Murten), about 30 kilometers from Bern. ...


From 1484 on, and for 300 years, Murten was ruled by the two cantons -– Bern and Fribourg. In 1803, Napoleon gave the town to the canton of Fribourg. Today Murten is still a part of the Canton of Fribourg. Location within Switzerland The city of Bern, English traditionally Berne (Bernese German Bärn , German Bern , French Berne , Italian Berna , Romansh Berna ), is the Bundesstadt (administrative capital) of Switzerland, and is the fourth most populous Swiss city (after Zürich, Geneva and Basel). ... The Canton of Fribourg is a canton of Switzerland. ... The Canton of Fribourg is a canton of Switzerland. ...

Population

Estimated Growth of Population
1900 2645 habitants
1910 2418 habitants
1930 2570 habitants
1950 3106 habitants
1960 3610 habitants
1970 4512 habitants
1980 4657 habitants
1990 4718 habitants
2000 5578 habitants
2004 5651 habitants

External links

  • Official website (German)/(English)/(French)



  Results from FactBites:
 
Murten Switzerland (292 words)
Murten is situated between Berne and Lausanne and is the capital of the Lake District of the canton of Fribourg.
Lake of Murten is a smaller lake in between Lake of Biel and Lake of Neuchatel.
Murten is also famous in history for the defeat of Charles the Bold by the Swiss.
Murten / Morat, Switzerland (199 words)
Murten (the German form: French Morat) lies on a ridge of hills marking the linguistic boundary between French and German, on the southeast side of the idyllic Murtensee (Lac de Morat).
In 1013 Murten was a stronghold held by King Rudolf III of Upper Burgundy.
Murten's main claim to fame is the battle fought here in 1476 in which the Confederates defeated the troops of Charles the Bold of Burgundy.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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