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Encyclopedia > Murray Leinster
Will F. Jenkins
Pseudonym: Murray Leinster, William Fitzgerald, Louisa Carter Lee
Born: June 16, 1896
Norfolk, Virginia
Died: June 08, 1975
Gloucester, Virginia
Occupation: Novelist, Short Story writer
Nationality: United States
Genres: Fantasy, Science Fiction, Horror fiction, Mystery fiction, Western fiction, general Pulp fiction
Debut works: "The Foreigner" (short story)
Signature:
Website: Murray Leinster Website

Murray Leinster (June 16, 1896 in Norfolk, Virginia- June 8, 1975) was a nom de plume of William Fitzgerald Jenkins, an award-winning American writer of science fiction and alternate history. He wrote and published over 1,500 short stories and articles, 14 movie and hundreds of radio scripts and television plays. A pseudonym (Greek: , pseudo + -onym: false name) is an artificial, fictitious name, also known as an alias, used by an individual as an alternative to a persons legal name. ... is the 167th day of the year (168th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1896 (MDCCCXCVI) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display calendar). ... Motto: Crescas (Latin for, Thou shalt grow. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... June 8 is the 159th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (160th in leap years), with 206 days remaining. ... Year 1975 (MCMLXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Location in the state of Virginia Formed 1651 Seat Gloucester Area  - Total  - Water 746 km² (288 mi²) 185 km² (71 mi²) 24. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... For the album by the Kaiser Chiefs see Employment (album) Employment is a contract between two parties, one being the employer and the other being the employee. ... A novel is an extended work of written, narrative, prose fiction, usually in story form; the writer of a novel is a novelist. ... This article is in need of attention. ... In English usage, nationality is the legal relationship between a person and a country. ... A literary genre is one of the divisions of literature into genres according to particular criteria such as literary technique, tone, or content. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Science fiction is a form of speculative fiction principally dealing with the impact of imagined science and technology, or both, upon society and persons as individuals. ... “Horror story” redirects here. ... Mystery fiction is a distinct subgenre of detective fiction that entails the occurrence of an unknown event which requires the protagonist to make known (or solve). ... Cover of a book by Louis LAmour, one of Western fictions most prolific authors. ... Flynns Detective Fiction from 1941. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... is the 167th day of the year (168th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1896 (MDCCCXCVI) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display calendar). ... Motto: Crescas (Latin for, Thou shalt grow. ... is the 159th day of the year (160th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1975 (MCMLXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... A pen name or nom de plume is a pseudonym adopted by an author. ... A writer is anyone who creates a written work, although the word more usually designates those who write creatively or professionally, or those who have written in many different forms. ... Science fiction is a form of speculative fiction principally dealing with the impact of imagined science and technology, or both, upon society and persons as individuals. ... Alternate history (fiction) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ...

Contents

Writing career

Leinster began his career as a free-lance writer before World War I; he was two months short of his 20th birthday when his first story, "The Foreigner", appeared in the May 1916 issue of H. L. Mencken's literary magazine The Smart Set. Over the next three years, Leinster published ten more stories in the magazine. During and after World War I, he began appearing in pulp magazines like Argosy, Snappy Stories, and Breezy Stories. He continued to appear regularly in Argosy into the 1950s. When the pulp magazines began to diversify into particular genres in the 1920s, Leinster followed suit, selling jungle stories to Danger Trails, westerns to West and Cowboy Stories, detective stories to Black Mask and Mystery Stories, horror stories to Weird Tales, and even romance stories to Love Story Magazine under the pen name Louisa Carter Lee. “The Great War ” redirects here. ... i still feel like being nice H.L. Mencken who: journalist, satirist, social critic, cynic, and freethinker, what: most influential American writers of the early 20th century. ... The Smart Set was a literary magazine founded in March 1900 by William dAlton Mann. ... Flynns Detective Fiction from 1941. ... Argosy was an American pulp magazine, considered to be the first pulp magazine, published by Frank Munsey. ... Black Mask was a pulp magazine launched in 1920 by H. L. Mencken and George Jean Nathan. ... This page is about the fantasy and horror fiction pulp magazine and its heirs. ...


Leinster's first science fiction story, "The Runaway Skyscraper", appeared in the February 22, 1919 issue of Argosy, and was reprinted in the June 1926 issue of Hugo Gernsback's first science fiction magazine, Amazing Stories. In the 1930s, he published several science fiction stories and serials in Amazing and Astounding Stories (the first issue of Astounding included his story "Tanks"). He continued to appear frequently in other genre pulps such as Detective Fiction Weekly and Smashing Western, as well as Collier's Weekly beginning in 1936 and Esquire starting in 1939. The Runaway Skyscraper is a science fiction short story by Murray Leinster that first appeared in the February 22, 1919 issue of Argosy magazine. ... is the 53rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1919 (MCMXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar). ... Hugo Gernsback (August 16, 1884 - August 19, 1967) was an inventor and magazine publisher who also wrote science fiction and whose publication included the first science fiction magazine. ... Amazing Stories magazine, sometimes retitled Amazing Science Fiction, began in April 1926, becoming the first science fiction magazine and one of the pioneers of science fiction in the United States. ... Astounding Stories was a seminal science fiction magazine founded in 1930. ... November 24, 1917 cover Colliers Weekly was an American magazine that was published between 1888 and 1957. ... August 2005 issue of Esquire Esquire is a mens magazine by the Hearst Corporation. ...


Leinster is credited with the invention of parallel universe stories. Four years before Jack Williamson's The Legion of Time came out, Leinster published his "Sidewise in Time" in the June 1934 issue of Astounding. This was probably the first time that the concept of alternate worlds appeared in modern science fiction. Leinster's vision of extraordinary oscillations in time ('sidewise in time') had a long-term impact on other authors, for example Isaac Asimov's "Living Space", "The Red Queen's Race", and The End of Eternity. Parallel universe or alternate reality in science fiction and fantasy is a self-contained separate reality coexisting with our own. ... John Stewart Williamson (April 29, 1908 – November 10, 2006), who wrote as Jack Williamson (and occasionally under the pseudonym Will Stewart) was a U.S. writer considered by many the Dean of Science Fiction. [1] // Williamson spent his early childhood in western Texas. ... Isaac Asimov (January 2?, 1920?[1] – April 6, 1992), IPA: , originally Исаак Озимов but now transcribed into Russian as Айзек Азимов) was a Russian-born American Jewish author and professor of biochemistry, a highly successful and exceptionally prolific writer best known for his works of science fiction and for his popular science books. ... Living Space is a science fiction short story by Isaac Asimov. ... The Red Queens Race is a short story by Isaac Asimov that uses the Red Queens race from Lewis Carrolls Through the Looking-Glass as the final plot twist. ... The End of Eternity by Isaac Asimov is a science fiction novel, with mystery and thriller elements, on the subjects of time travel and social engineering. ...


Leinster was one of the few science fiction writers from the 1930s to survive in the John W. Campbell era of higher writing standards, publishing over three dozen stories in Astounding and Analog under Campbell's editorship. The last story by Leinster in Analog was "Quarantine World" in the November 1966 issue, thirty-six years after his appearance in the premier January 1930 issue. The cover of , volume 1, with a picture of Campbell drawn by Frank Kelly Freas John Wood Campbell, Jr. ...


Murray Leinster's 1946 short story "A Logic Named Joe" contains one of the first descriptions of a computer (called a "logic") in fiction. In the story, Leinster was decades ahead of his time in imagining the Internet. He envisioned logics in every home, linked to provide communications, entertainment, data access, and commerce: one character says that "logics are civilization."[1] A Logic Named Joe is a science fiction short story by Murray Leinster that was first published in the March 1946 issue of Astounding Science Fiction. ...


After World War II, when both his name and the pulps had achieved a wider acceptance, he would use either "William Fitzgerald" or "Will F. Jenkins" as names on stories when "Leinster" had already sold a piece to a particular issue.


Leinster continued publishing in the 1950s and 1960s, appearing in Galaxy Magazine and The Magazine of Fantasy and Science Fiction, as well as The Saturday Evening Post. He won a Hugo Award for his 1956 story "Exploration Team". Leinster ended his writing career writing novelizations of episodes of the science fiction series Men Into Space, The Time Tunnel, and Land of the Giants. Galaxy Science Fiction magazine was the creation of noted pulp magazine editor Horace Leonard Gold, generally known as H. L. Gold. ... F&SF April 1971, special Poul Anderson issue. ... A cover of the Saturday Evening Post from 1903 The Saturday Evening Post was a weekly magazine published in the United States from August 4, 1821 to February 8, 1969. ... The 2005 Hugo Award with base designed by Deb Kosiba. ... Men Into Space is the name of a half-hour American television series broadcast in black and white in 1959 and 1960 by CBS which depicted the efforts of the United States Air Force to explore and develop space. ... The Time Tunnel is a 1966-1967 U.S. color science fiction TV series. ... Land of the Giants was an hour-long American science fiction television program lasting two seasons beginning on September 22, 1968 and ending in March 22, 1970. ...


Personal life

During World War I, Leinster served with the Committee of Public Information and the United States Army (1917-1918). In 1921, he married Mary Mandola, and the two had four daughters. During World War II, he served in the Office of War Information. The Committee on Public Information, also known as the CPI and the Creel Committee, was intended to influence U.S. public opinion regarding American intervention in World War I. It was established under President Woodrow Wilson as an independent agency by Executive order 2594, April 13, 1917. ... The United States Army is the largest and oldest branch of the armed forces of the United States. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... The United States Office of War Information (OWI) was a U.S. government agency created during World War II to consolidate government information services. ...


Legal action against Paramount Pictures

In 2000, Leinster's heirs sued Paramount Pictures over the film Star Trek: First Contact, claiming that as the owners of the rights to Leinster's 1945 short story "First Contact", it infringed their trademark in the term. The U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Virginia granted Paramount's motion for summary judgment and dismissed the suit.[2] The court found that regardless of whether Leinster's story first coined the phrase, it had since become a generic and therefore unprotectable term that described the genre of science fiction in which humans first encounter alien species. Even if the title was instead "descriptive"—a category of terms higher than "generic" that may be protectable—there was no evidence that the title had the required association in the public's mind (known as "secondary meaning") such that its use would normally be understood as referring to Leinster's story. The Second Circuit Court of Appeals affirmed the lower court's dismissal without comment. Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full 2000 Gregorian calendar). ... Paramount Pictures Corporation is an American motion picture production and distribution company, based in Hollywood, California. ... Star Trek: First Contact (Paramount Pictures, 1996; see also 1996 in film), is the eighth feature film based on the popular Star Trek science fiction television series. ... “(TM)” redirects here. ... The United States District Court for the Eastern District of Virginia is a United States district court seated in the following locations in Virginia: Alexandria Newport News Norfolk Richmond The people are represented in this court by the United States Attorney for the Eastern District of Virginia. ... Summary judgment is a legal term which means that a court has made a determination (a judgment) without a full trial. ... A genericized trademark, generic trade mark, generic descriptor, or proprietary eponym, is a trademark or brand name which has become the colloquial or generic description for a particular class of product or service. ... The United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit is a federal court with appellate jurisdiction over the district courts in the following districts: District of Connecticut Northern, Southern, Eastern, and Western Districts of New York District of Vermont The Second Circuit hears argument at the Thurgood Marshall U...


Other endeavors

Jenkins was also an inventor, best known for the front projection process used in special effects. Front Projection is an in-camera visual effects process for combining foreground performance with pre-filmed background footage. ... Special effects (abbreviated SPFX or SFX) are used in the film, television, and entertainment industry to create effects that cannot be achieved by normal means, such as depicting travel to other star systems. ...


Honors and awards

Year 1937 (MCMXXXVII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Hugo Awards are given annually for the best science fiction or fantasy works. ... Year 1956 (MCMLVI) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Hugo Awards are given annually for the best science fiction or fantasy works. ... Year 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full 1996 Gregorian calendar). ... The 21st World Science Fiction Convention, also known as Discon I, was held 31 August – 2 September 1963 at the Statler-Hilton Hotel in Washington, D.C., USA. The chairman was George Scithers. ... It has been suggested that World Science Fiction Society be merged into this article or section. ... Year 1963 (MCMLXIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Sidewise Award for Alternate history was established in 1995 to recognize the best alternate history stories and novels of the year. ... Year 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full 1996 Gregorian calendar). ...

References

  1. ^ A Logic Named Joe, Dimension X, mp3
  2. ^ Estate of William F. Jenkins v. Paramount Pictures Corp., 90 F. Supp. 2d 706 (E.D. Va. 2000)

Listen

  • A Logic Named Joe, Dimension X, NBC radio, 1950
  • First Contact, X Minus One, NBC radio, 1955

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Murray Leinster - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (541 words)
Murray Leinster (June 16, 1896 - June 8, 1975) was the nom de plume of William Fitzgerald Jenkins, an American science fiction and alternative history writer.
Leinster's vision of nature's extraordinary oscillations in time ('sidewise in time') had long-term effect on other authors (e.g., Asimov's Living Space, The Red Queen's Race, or the famous The End of Eternity).
The court found that regardless of whether Leinster's story first coined "first contact", it since became a generic (and therefore unprotectable) term that described the overall genre of science fiction in which humans first encounter alien species.
- Chapter 47 (508 words)
But the phrase was actually first applied to Murray Leinster, and the unofficial title was one he carried for many years.
Leinster was one of a handful of early science fiction writers who placed telling a story at the center of the stage, not "illustrating science in fiction." He, probably more than any other writer in the first decades of the twentieth century, transformed science fiction into a real genre of fiction.
Leinster's planets—such as the planet on which Burl struggles against giant mutated insects in The Forgotten Planet, or the ones on which Colonial Survey Officer Bordman has his adventures—are those of a science fiction writer, not a fantasist.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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