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Encyclopedia > Murray Hill, Manhattan

The Murray Hill neighborhood of Manhattan extends south from 42nd street to meet the neighborhood of Gramercy (or Rose Hill/Curry Hill as the northern half of Gramercy is often referred to) at 29th street. Its western border is at Fifth Avenue and eastern border is at Second Avenue where it meets the distinct waterfront neighborhoods of Kips Bay and Tudor City. The Borough of Manhattan, highlighted in yellow, lies between the East River and the Hudson River. ... Gramercy, also called Gramercy Park, is a neighborhood in Manhattan, New York City, focused around Gramercy Park, a private park between East 20th and 21st Streets. ... Street sign at Fifth Avenue and East 57th street Fifth Avenue is a major thoroughfare in New York City. ... Second Avenue is an avenue in Manhattan that extends from Houston Street to the Harlem River Drive. ... The Kips Bay neighborhood of Manhattan is the area between 23rd and 34th streets to the east of 3rd Avenue. ... Tudor City is an apartment complex located on the East Side of Manhattan in New York City. ...

Contents


Eighteenth century

Murray Hill derives its name from the Murray family, 18th-century Quaker merchants mainly concerned with shipping and overseas trade. Robert Murray (1721-1786), the family chieftain, was born in Pennsylvania and came to New York in 1753 after a short residence in North Carolina. He quickly established himself as a merchant and about 1762 rented land from the city for a great house and farm. The total area was just over 29 acres (117,000 m2). In today's terms, the farm began a few feet (metres) south of Thirty-Third Street and extended north to the middle of the block between Thirty-Eighth and Thirty-Ninth Streets. At the southern end, the plot was rather narrow but at the northern end it went from approximately Lexington Avenue to a spot between Madison and Fifth Avenues. The great house was built on a since-leveled hill at what is today Park Avenue and Thirty-Sixth Street. The Religious Society of Friends, commonly known as Quakers, or Friends, is a religious community founded in England in the 17th century. ... Robert Lindley Murray (November 3, 1892 - January 17, 1970) was an American male tennis player. ... Official language(s) None Capital Harrisburg Largest city Philadelphia Area  Ranked 33rd  - Total 46,055 sq mi (119,283 km²)  - Width 160 miles (255 km)  - Length 280 miles (455 km)  - % water 2. ... Official language(s) None, English de facto Capital Albany Largest city New York City Area  Ranked 27th  - Total 54,520 sq mi (141,205 km²)  - Width 285 miles (455 km)  - Length 330 miles (530 km)  - % water 13. ... Official language(s) English Capital Raleigh Largest city Charlotte Area  Ranked 28th  - Total 53,865 sq mi (139,509 km²)  - Width 500 miles (805 km)  - Length 150 miles (240 km)  - % water 9. ... Lexington Avenue is an avenue on the East Side of the borough of Manhattan in New York City that carries southbound one-way traffic from East 131st Street to Gramercy Park at East 21st Street. ... Madison Avenue is a north-south avenue in the borough of Manhattan in New York City which carries northbound one-way traffic. ... Street sign at Fifth Avenue and East 57th street Fifth Avenue is a major thoroughfare in New York City. ...


The most illustrious member of the family was the oldest child, Lindley Murray (1745-1826). A New York lawyer, he was forced into exile after the Revolution as a loyalist, settling in York, England, where there was a Quaker community. In England, Lindley began writing school textbooks. He wrote 11 of them, beginning in 1798, and became the largest-selling author in the world in the first half of the nineteenth century. His textbooks were widely printed in Britain (particularly his English Grammar) but had their greatest success in the new United States, partly because no international copyright agreement existed and the books could be reprinted without royalties being paid. Some 16 million copies of Murray's books were sold in America and another 4 million in Britain. His most popular work was his English Reader, full of selections from the liberal-minded writers of the Scottish Enlightenment, most notably the Rev. Hugh Blair. Abraham Lincoln praised the "English Reader" as "the best schoolbook ever put in the hands of an American youth." The English Reader utterly dominated the American market for readers for over a generation from 1815 into the 1840s. It was replaced mainly by the McGuffey Readers, a series of reading texts, which began to appear in 1836. Lindley Murray (1745–1826), grammarian, was born in Pennsylvania, and practised as a lawyer. ... Loyalists (often capitalized L) were British North American colonists who remained loyal subjects of the British crown during the American Revolution. ... The examples and perspective in this article or section may not represent a worldwide view. ... Two of the best known school books in the history of American education were the 18th century New England Primer and the 19th century McGuffey Readers. ... Charles Darwin 1836 was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ...


Mary Lindley Murray is credited with delaying William Howe and his army during General Washington's retreat from New York in 1776. As the story goes, Mrs. Robert Murray invited the group to tea at her manion in Inclenberg (now Murray Hill), and, through feminine wiles, succeeded in delaying the British troops for a period sufficient to allow a successful American retreat. Although a further British advance may have been disastrous for the Americans, the legends arising from the incident--with Mrs. Murray playing the role of Circe or a Siren--are probably apocryphal. Evidence suggests the delay at Murray Hill was according to a prearranged British plan. For the surrealist painter, see William Howe (painter). ... George Washington (February 22, 1732 – December 14, 1799), was the Commander in Chief of American forces in the American Revolutionary War (1775–1783), and, later, the first President of the United States, an office he held from 1789 to 1797. ...


The standard work on the Murray family is "The Murrays of Murray Hill" (Brooklyn: Urban History Press, 1998) by Charles Monaghan.


Nineteenth century

During the nineteenth century, this neighbourhood was "uptown" with the city ending with the reservoir at Fifth Avenue and 42nd Street covering what today is the New York Public Library and Bryant Park. To the north was for the most part farmland. When J. P. Morgan built his home on Madison Avenue at 36th Street, which is today a part of the Morgan Library it was considered a fashionable uptown address. Madison Square Park, at this time considered a part of Murray Hill was bordered by the fashionable ladies' shops of the day on Fifth Avenue. New York Public Library, central block, built 1897–1911, Carrère and Hastings, architects (June 2003) The New York Public Library (NYPL), one of three public library systems serving New York City, is one of the leading libraries in the United States. ... Bryant Park, August 2003 Bryant Park is a 9. ... J. P. Morgan John Pierpont Morgan I (April 17, 1837 – March 31, 1913) was an American financier and banker, who at the turn of the century (1901), was one of the wealthiest men in America. ... Madison Avenue is a north-south avenue in the borough of Manhattan in New York City which carries northbound one-way traffic. ... The Pierpont Morgan Library is a research library in New York City. ... Madison Square, 1908. ...


Twentieth century

For much of the twentieth century, the neighborhood was a quiet and rather formal place, with many well-off older residents. Since the late 1990s, however, many professional New Yorkers in their twenties and thirties have begun to move into the area. The raucous restaurant-and-bar scene along Third Avenue on the weekends particularly reflects this change.


Twenty-first century

Though housing in the neighborhood is slightly cheaper than in fashionable nearby parts of Manhattan, prices for apartments here rose a great deal during the boom of the late 1990s and early 2000s--as much as 500 percent in a decade. This trend is likely to reverse once Little Miss Rollins moves into the neighbourhood in 2008.

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Flag Seal Nickname: Big Apple Location Location in the state of New York Government Counties (Boroughs) Bronx (The Bronx) New York (Manhattan) Queens (Queens) Kings (Brooklyn) Richmond (Staten Island) Mayor Michael Bloomberg (R) Geographical characteristics Area     City 1,214. ... The Five Boroughs of New York City: 1: Manhattan 2: Brooklyn 3: Queens 4: Bronx 5: Staten Island In New York City, a borough is a unique form of government used to administer the five constituent counties that make up the city; it differs significantly from other borough forms of... The Borough of Manhattan, highlighted in yellow, lies between the East River and the Hudson River. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1200x1600, 221 KB) Summary The top floors of the Chrysler building seen from the east on 42nd Street in morning light. ... Alphabet City, formerly considered a slum, is now a trendy part of the East Village in the New York City borough of Manhattan. ... Broadway at the intersection with Amsterdam Avenue, the Ansonia Hotel in the center Ansonia is a neighborhood in the Upper West Side section of Manhattan, New York City It is named after the Ansonia Hotel situated on Broadway. ... Battery Park City is a 90 acre (0. ... The Bowery is a well-known street in Manhattan that more or less marks the boundary between Chinatown and Little Italy on one side and the Lower East Side on the other—running from Chatham Square in the south to Astor Place in the north. ... Carnegie Hill is a neighborhood within the Upper East Side of Manhattan in New York City. ... Chelsea is located on the West Side of Manhattan, New York City. ... A Chinese lion helps usher in the 2006 Chinese New Year. ... New York City Hall Civic Center is a neighborhood in downtown Manhattan covering the area around New York City Hall. ... Columbus Circle Columbus Circle is a major landmark and point of attraction in New York City. ... Location The Diamond District is located on West 47th Street between Fifth Avenue and the Avenue of the Americas ( Sixth Avenue ) in midtown Manhattan . ... Looking south from 6th Street down Second Avenue, one of the main thoroughfares through the East Village. ... A view up Broad Street in the Financial District in Manhattan The Financial District is the neighborhood in New York City on the southernmost section of the island of Manhattan which comprises the offices and headquarters of many of the citys major financial institutions, including the New York Stock... Five Points (or The Five Points) was a notorious slum centered on the intersection of Worth St. ... The famous Flatiron building from which the district is named. ... The current version of the article or section reads like an advertisement. ... 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Ninth Avenue looking north toward Time Warner Center and Hearst Tower (New York City) Hells Kitchen (also known as Clinton and Midtown West) is a neighborhood of New York City that includes roughly the area between 34th Street and 57th Street, from 8th Avenue to the Hudson River. ... Categories: Stub | Manhattan ... Hudson Heights is a Manhattan neighborhood located within the larger area known as Washington Heights in New York City. ... Inwood is the northernmost neighborhood on Manhattan Island in the New York City borough of Manhattan. ... The Kips Bay neighborhood of Manhattan is the area between 23rd and 34th streets to the east of 3rd Avenue. ... Koreatown, or K-town as it is colloquially known, is generally bordered by 31st and 36th Sts. ... Lincoln Square is the name of both a square and the surrounding neighborhood in Manhattan, New York City. ... A German band in New York, around 1876 Little Germany, also called in German Kleindeutschland was a densely populated German neighborhood around Tompkins Square, in an area bounded by Avenues A and B and 7th and 10th Sts, in the Lower East Side, Manhattan, New York. ... Food vendors line the streets of Little Italy. ... Alphabet City, formerly considered a slum, is now a trendy part of the East Village in lower Manhattan, New York City. ... The corner of Orchard and Rivington Streets, Lower East Side (2005) The Lower East Side is a neighborhood of the New York City borough of Manhattan. ... Lower Manhattan skyline as viewed from the Staten Island Ferry Woolworth Building, looking south along Broadway Lower Manhattan, from the Brooklyn Bridge, 2005 Lower Manhattan is the southernmost part of the island of Manhattan, the main island and center of business and government of the City of New York. ... Madison Square, 1908. ... Manhattan Valley is a small area of the Upper West Side of Manhattan in New York City. ... 125th Street station at Broadway and 125th Street, one of Manhattanvilles primary landmarks Manhattanville is the part of Manhattan in New York City bordered on the south by Morningside Heights on the west by the Hudson river, on the east by Harlem and on the north by Hamilton Heights... Marble Hill is the northernmost section of the borough of Manhattan in New York, New York. ... The Meatpacking District, also known as Gansevoort Market, is a neighborhood in Manhattan, New York City. ... View of Midtown from Empire State Building. ... Residental buildings on West 116th Street opposite Columbia University between Morningside Drive and Amsterdam Avenue For the El Paso, Texas neighborhood, see Morningside Heights, El Paso, Texas Morningside Heights is a neighborhood of the Borough of Manhattan in New York City and is bounded by the Upper West Side, Morningside... NoHo can also refer to North Hollywood in Los Angeles, California. ... Nolita, sometimes written as NoLIta (North of Little Italy), is a neighborhood in the borough of Manhattan in New York City. ... Peter Cooper Village is a residential development on the Lower East Side of Manhattan. ... Radio Row was a warehouse district in lower Manhattan, New York City. ... Main Street on Roosevelt Island Roosevelt Island, pop. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Soho is an area of central Londons West End in the borough the City of Westminster. ... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... Stuyvesant Town as well as the adjacent Peter Cooper Village is a large residential development on the East Side of Manhattan. ... Sugar Hill is an neighborhood in the northern part of Harlem, Manhattan, New York City defined by 155th St. ... Sutton Place is a classically elegant neighborhood. ... Tenderloin was a neighborhood of the West Side of Manhattan north and east of Chelsea on the far West Side, which stretched south to West 14th Street and up to West 57th Street, from the mid 1800s to the 1920s. ... Times Square, named after the one-time headquarters of The New York Times, is a neighborhood in the borough of Manhattan, New York City, which centers on 42nd Street and Broadway. ... Citigroups Global Corporate and Investment Bank has its headquarters in TriBeCa. ... Tudor City is an apartment complex located on the East Side of Manhattan in New York City. ... Turtle Bay is a neighborhood in New York City, on the east side of Midtown Manhattan. ... Union Square Union Square (also known as Union Square Park) is an important and historic intersection in New York City, located where Broadway and the Bowery came together in the early 19th century. ... The Upper East Side at Sunset The Upper East Side is a neighborhood in the borough of Manhattan in New York City, between Central Park and the East River. ... Upper Manhattan is an area in New York City consisting of the thin, northern neck of the island of Manhattan. ... The Upper West Side is a neighborhood of the borough of Manhattan in New York City that lies between Central Park and the Hudson River above West 59th Street. ... Washington Heights is a New York City neighborhood in the northern reaches of the borough of Manhattan. ... // The West Village is part of the Greenwich Village neighborhood in the New York City Bourough of Manhattan, bounded by the Hudson River and roughly 6th Avenue, extending from 14th Street down to Houston Street. ... A section of Yorkville as seen from a high rise on Second Avenue and 87th Street Yorkville is a neighborhood within the Upper East Side of the borough of Manhattan in the city of New York City. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Murray Hill, Manhattan - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (847 words)
The Murray Hill neighborhood of Manhattan extends south from 42nd street to meet the neighborhood of Gramercy (or Rose Hill/Curry Hill as the northern half of Gramercy is often referred to) at 29th street.
Robert Murray (1721-1786), the family chieftain, was born in Pennsylvania and came to New York in 1753 after a short residence in North Carolina.
Robert Murray invited the group to tea at her manion in Inclenberg (now Murray Hill), and, through feminine wiles, succeeded in delaying the British troops for a period sufficient to allow a successful American retreat.
Inwood, Manhattan - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (896 words)
Inwood is the northernmost neighborhood on Manhattan Island in the New York City borough of Manhattan and New York State's County of New York.
This is not to say, however, that Inwood is the northernmost neighborhood of the borough of Manhattan (because the borough of Manhattan includes a small part of the North American mainland (Marble Hill) to the north of the island of Manhattan).
Inwood was a rural section of Manhattan until the expansion of the IRT reached Inwood in 1906.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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