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Encyclopedia > Murder, My Sweet
Murder, My Sweet

Theatrical Poster
Directed by Edward Dmytryk
Produced by Adrian Scott
Written by Story:
Raymond Chandler
Screenplay:
John Paxton
Narrated by Dick Powell
Starring Dick Powell
Claire Trevor
Anne Shirley
Music by Roy Webb
Cinematography Harry J. Wild
Editing by Joseph Noriega
Distributed by RKO Pictures
Release date(s) December 18, 1944
(U.S.A.)
Running time 95 minutes
Language English
Allmovie profile
IMDb profile

Murder, My Sweet (1944) is a film noir directed by Edward Dmytryk, based on Raymond Chandler's novel Farewell, My Lovely, originally released in the U.K. with the novel's original title. The film features Dick Powell, Claire Trevor, Anne Shirley, among others.[1] Edward Dmytryk (September 4, 1908 - July 1, 1999) was an American film director who was amongst the Hollywood Ten, a group of blacklisted film industry professionals who served time in prison for being in contempt of Congress during the McCarthy era red scare. ... Adrian Scott ( February 6, 1912, Arlington, New Jersey, USA - December 25, 1973, Sherman Oaks, California) was the producer of the film noirs Murder, My Sweet (dir. ... For other persons named Raymond Chandler, see Raymond Chandler (disambiguation). ... American screenwriter John Paxton (1911 - 1985) penned the screenplays for a number of gritty dramas for RKO and other studios from the mid-40s through to the early 70s. ... Richard Ewing Dick Powell (November 14, 1904 – January 2, 1963) was an American singer, actor, producer, and director. ... Claire Trevor (March 8, 1910 - April 8, 2000) was an Academy Award-winning American actress, nicknamed the Queen of Film Noir because of her many appearances in bad girl” roles in film noir and other black-and-white thrillers. ... Dawn Evelyn Paris (April 17, 1918 - July 4, 1993) was an American actress (later known by her stage name Anne Shirley). ... Roy Webb (October 3, 1888 - December 10, 1982) was a film music composer. ... Harry J. Wild was a film and television cinematographer Wild worked at RKO studios from 1931 through the 1950s. ... RKO redirects here. ... is the 352nd day of the year (353rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... // July 20 - Since You Went Away is released. ... English is a West Germanic language originating in England, and the first language for most people in Australia, Canada, the Commonwealth Caribbean, Ireland, New Zealand, the United Kingdom and the United States of America (also commonly known as the Anglosphere). ... Robert Charles Durman Mitchum (August 6, 1917 – July 1, 1997) was an Academy award nominated American film actor and singer. ... {{Infobox Film | name = Farewell, My Lovely | image = Farewell_1975_film_tie-in. ... // July 20 - Since You Went Away is released. ... This still from The Big Combo (1955) demonstrates the visual style of film noir at its most extreme. ... Edward Dmytryk (September 4, 1908 - July 1, 1999) was an American film director who was amongst the Hollywood Ten, a group of blacklisted film industry professionals who served time in prison for being in contempt of Congress during the McCarthy era red scare. ... For other persons named Raymond Chandler, see Raymond Chandler (disambiguation). ... Farewell, my Lovely, by Susie Cornfield, (published by Garret Books, London UK) is a collection of tails and tributes to much-loved, departed pets, including the author’s own Brains the MagnifiCat The book features stories from Jilly Cooper, David Blunkett and Ann Widdecombe and a foreword from the Daily... The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is a country in western Europe, and a member of the European Union. ... Richard Ewing Dick Powell (November 14, 1904 – January 2, 1963) was an American singer, actor, producer, and director. ... Claire Trevor (March 8, 1910 - April 8, 2000) was an Academy Award-winning American actress, nicknamed the Queen of Film Noir because of her many appearances in bad girl” roles in film noir and other black-and-white thrillers. ... Dawn Evelyn Paris (April 17, 1918 - July 4, 1993) was an American actress (later known by her stage name Anne Shirley). ...

Contents

Plot

Detective Philip Marlowe (Powell) is hired by hulking Moose Malloy (Mike Mazurki) to locate his old girlfriend that he lost track of while serving time in prison. Ed Bishop had the title role in BBC Radios The Adventures of Philip Marlowe. ... Mazurki in Nightmare Alley (1947) Mike Mazurki (born Mihailo Mazurski on December 25, 1907 in Tarnopol, Galicia, Austria-Hungary (now Ternopil, Ukraine); died December 9, 1990 in Glendale, California) was a Ukrainian-born actor and professional wrestler who appeared in over 100 movies. ...


With each lead he follows, Marlowe encounters lies, larceny, perjury, theft and a beautiful femme fatale (Trevor). Convicted spy Mata Hari made her name synonymous with femme fatale during WWI. A femme fatale (plural: femmes fatales) is an alluring and seductive woman whose charms ensnare her lovers in bonds of irresistible desire, often leading them into compromising, dangerous, and deadly situations. ...


Distribution

The film was first screened on December 18, 1944 in Minneapolis, Minnesota with the title Farewell, My Lovely. It opened in New York City, however, on March 8, 1945, as Murder, My Sweet.[2] is the 352nd day of the year (353rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Minneapolis redirects here. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... is the 67th day of the year (68th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar). ...


Background

Title

Why the change in title? Dick Powell was previously known (1930s and early 1940s) for light comedies and musicals, so the casting of him as Chandler's hard-boiled private detective antihero was a surprise to audiences. The studio executives changed the title from Farewell, My Lovely because they believed audiences would think the film was a musical. Powell's performance is much debated by fans of Chandler and film noir; some think it too light and comic; others consider it the best interpretation of Philip Marlowe on film.[3] Hard Boiled (Chinese: ; pinyin: ; literally: Hot-Handed God of Cops) is a 1992 action film directed by John Woo. ...


Noir analysis

According to film critics Ellen Keneshea and Carl Macek, the picture takes Chandler's novel and transforms it into a "film with a dark ambiance unknown at [the] time." Dymytryk was able to transcend the tough dialogue and mystery film conventions by creating a "cynical vision of society." As such, the film enters the world of film noir.[4]


Cast

The opening scene before flashback narrative by Marlowe.

Richard Ewing Dick Powell (November 14, 1904 – January 2, 1963) was an American singer, actor, producer, and director. ... Ed Bishop had the title role in BBC Radios The Adventures of Philip Marlowe. ... Claire Trevor (March 8, 1910 - April 8, 2000) was an Academy Award-winning American actress, nicknamed the Queen of Film Noir because of her many appearances in bad girl” roles in film noir and other black-and-white thrillers. ... Dawn Evelyn Paris (April 17, 1918 - July 4, 1993) was an American actress (later known by her stage name Anne Shirley). ... Otto Kruger (b. ... Mazurki in Nightmare Alley (1947) Mike Mazurki (born Mihailo Mazurski on December 25, 1907 in Tarnopol, Galicia, Austria-Hungary (now Ternopil, Ukraine); died December 9, 1990 in Glendale, California) was a Ukrainian-born actor and professional wrestler who appeared in over 100 movies. ... Miles Mander (May 14, 1888–February 8, 1946), born Lionel Henry Mander (and sometimes credited as Luther Miles), was a well-known and versatile English character actor of the early Hollywood cinema, also a film director and producer, and a playwright and novelist. ... Donald Douglas is a British actor who has appeared in films and many well known television shows including Doctor Who, Blakes 7, and The Avengers. ... Esther Howard in Born to Kill (1947) Esther Howard (April 4, 1892, Helena, Montana – March 8, 1965, Hollywood, California) was a film character actress who specialized in playing a wide range of roles from man-hungry spinsters to amoral criminals. ...

Critical reception

Murder, My Sweet is considered one of the best Chandler adaptations. Glenn Erickson, in a recent review of the film, wrote, "Murder, My Sweet remains the purest version of Chandler on film, even if it all seems far too familiar now."[5]


It is also considered one of the pre-eminent film noirs. Alison Dalzell, writing for the Edinburgh University Film Society notes, "Of all the adaptations of Chandler novels, this film comes as close as any to matching their stylish first person narrative and has the cinematic skill and bravado of direction to carry it off. Since the '40s countless mystery and neo-noir films have been made in Hollywood and around the world. Murder, My Sweet is what they all aspire to be."[6] Neo-noir (from the Greek neo, new; and the French noir, black) is a type of motion picture that prominently utilizes elements of film noir, but with updated themes, content, style or visual elements that were absent in films noir of the 1940s and 1950s. ...


When the film was released in its day, Bosley Crowther, the film critic for The New York Times, appreciated the adaptation of Chandler's novel and lauded the acting, writing, "Practically all of the supporting roles are exceptionally well played, particularly by Mike Mazurki, the former wrestler, as the brutish Moose Malloy; Otto Kruger as Jules Amthor, quack-psychologist and insidious blackmailer; Anne Shirley as an innocent among the wolf pack, and Don Douglas as the police lieutenant. In short, Murder, My Sweet is pulse-quickening entertainment."[7] Bosley Crowther (July 13, 1905 – March 7, 1981) was an American film critic. ... The New York Times is a daily newspaper published in New York City and distributed internationally. ...


The staff at Variety magazine also gave the film kudos, writing, "Murder, My Sweet, a taut thriller about a private detective enmeshed with a gang of blackmailers, is as smart as it is gripping...Performances are on a par with the production. Dick Powell is a surprise as the hard-boiled copper. The portrayal is potent and convincing. Claire Trevor is as dramatic as the predatory femme, with Anne Shirley in sharp contrast as the soft kid caught in the crossfire."[8] Variety is a daily newspaper for the entertainment industry. ...


Adaptations

See: Farewell, My Lovely -- Film adaptations

The picture was filmed once before, in 1942, as The Falcon Takes Over, directed by Irving Reis and featuring George Sanders. [9] In 1975 the film was remade as Farewell, My Lovely, featuring Robert Mitchum as Marlowe and directed by Dick Richards.[10] Farewell, my Lovely, by Susie Cornfield, (published by Garret Books, London UK) is a collection of tails and tributes to much-loved, departed pets, including the author’s own Brains the MagnifiCat The book features stories from Jilly Cooper, David Blunkett and Ann Widdecombe and a foreword from the Daily... See also: 1941 in film 1942 1943 in film 1940s in film years in film film // Events Carole Lombard is killed in a plane crash when returning from a War Bond tour. ... Irving Reis (b. ... Do you mean: George Sanders (1906-1972), the British actor George Sanders, who was awarded the Victoria Cross on the first day of the Battle of the Somme This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... The year 1975 in film involved some significant events. ... {{Infobox Film | name = Farewell, My Lovely | image = Farewell_1975_film_tie-in. ... Robert Charles Durman Mitchum (August 6, 1917 – July 1, 1997) was an Academy award nominated American film actor and singer. ... Richard (Dick) N. Richards (b. ...


Awards

Wins

The Edgar Allan Poe Awards (popularly called the Edgars), named after Edgar Allan Poe, are presented every year by the Mystery Writers of America. ... Mystery Writers of America is an organization for mystery writers, based in New York. ...

References

  1. ^ Murder, My Sweet at the Internet Movie Database.
  2. ^ Silver, Alain and Elizabeth Ward, eds. Film Noir: An Encyclopedic Reference to the American Style, cast and crew section of Murder, My Sweet article by Ellen Keneshea and Carl Macek, page 192, 3rd edition, 1992. Woodstock, New York: The Overlook Press. ISBN 0-87951-479-5.
  3. ^ Clute, Shannon and Richard Edwards. Out of the Past: Investigating Film Noir, Episode 26: Murder, My Sweet. Last accessed: December 13, 2007.
  4. ^ Silver, Alain and Elizabeth Ward, eds., ibid.
  5. ^ Erickson, Glenn. DVD Savant Review, film analysis, 2007. Last accessed: December 13, 2007.
  6. ^ Dalzell, Alison. Edinburgh University Film Society, film review. 1997. Last accessed: December 13, 2007.
  7. ^ Crowther, Bosley. The New York Times, film review, March 9, 1945. Last accessed: December 13, 2007.
  8. ^ Variety. Murder, My Sweet, film review, March 8, 1945. Last accessed: December 13, 2007.
  9. ^ The Falcon Takes Over at the Internet Movie Database.
  10. ^ Farewell, My Lovely at the Internet Movie Database.

The Internet Movie Database (IMDb) is an online database of information about movies, actors, television shows, production crew personnel, and video games. ... Alain Silver is a US film producer, music producer, film reviewer, film historian, and writer on film topics, especially film noir and horror films. ... The Overlook Press is an independent U.S. publishing house. ... is the 347th day of the year (348th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 347th day of the year (348th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 68th day of the year (69th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar). ... is the 347th day of the year (348th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 67th day of the year (68th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Internet Movie Database (IMDb) is an online database of information about movies, actors, television shows, production crew personnel, and video games. ... The Internet Movie Database (IMDb) is an online database of information about movies, actors, television shows, production crew personnel, and video games. ...

External links

The Internet Movie Database (IMDb) is an online database of information about movies, actors, television shows, production crew personnel, and video games. ... Turner Classic Movies (TCM) is a cable television channel featuring commercial-free classic movies, mostly from the Turner Entertainment and Warner Bros. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... . ... . ... . ... . ... . ... . ... . ... This article is under construction. ... . ... . ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Murder, My Sweet - definition of Murder, My Sweet in Encyclopedia (685 words)
Farewell, My Lovely is a 1940 novel by Raymond Chandler, the second novel he wrote featuring Los Angeles private eye Philip Marlowe.
Although written after The Big Sleep (1939), Farewell, My Lovely was the first Marlowe story to be filmed: In 1942 The Falcon Takes Over, a 65 minute film, was released which was based on Farewell, My Lovely.
In 1944 Dick Powell played the part of the hard-boiled detective in a classic film noir which was alternatively entitled Murder, My Sweet and Farewell, My Lovely—still two years before, in 1946, Humphrey Bogart was offered the role of Philip Marlowe in The Big Sleep.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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