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Encyclopedia > Mural
Salle des illustres, ceiling painting, by Jean André Rixens. Le Capitole, Toulouse, France.
Salle des illustres, ceiling painting, by Jean André Rixens. Le Capitole, Toulouse, France.
Jataka tales from the Ajanta caves, c. 200 BCE - 600 CE
Jataka tales from the Ajanta caves, c. 200 BCE - 600 CE

A mural is a painting on a wall, ceiling, or other large permanent surface. Image File history File linksMetadata Capitole. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Capitole. ... New city flag (Occitan cross) Traditional coat of arms Motto: (Occitan: For Toulouse, always more) Location Coordinates Time Zone CET (GMT +1) Administration Country Region Midi-Pyrénées Department Haute-Garonne (31) Intercommunality Community of Agglomeration of Greater Toulouse Mayor Jean-Luc Moudenc  (UMP) (since 2004) City Statistics Land... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2024x1682, 365 KB) Description: Title: de: Mahâjanaka Jâtaka Technique: de: Wandmalerei Dimensions: Country of origin: de: Indien Current location (city): de: Ajantâ (Nord-Dekhan, Indien) Current location (gallery): de: Höhlentempel Other notes: Source: The Yorck Project: DVD-ROM... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2024x1682, 365 KB) Description: Title: de: Mahâjanaka Jâtaka Technique: de: Wandmalerei Dimensions: Country of origin: de: Indien Current location (city): de: Ajantâ (Nord-Dekhan, Indien) Current location (gallery): de: Höhlentempel Other notes: Source: The Yorck Project: DVD-ROM... The Jataka stories are a significant body of works about the previous lives of Gautama Buddha. ... This article cites its sources but does not provide page references. ... For building painting, see painter and decorator. ...


Murals of sorts date to prehistoric times such as the paintings on the Caves of Lascaux in southern France, but the term became famous with the Mexican "muralista" art movement (Diego Rivera, David Siqueiros, or José Orozco). There are many techniques. The best-known is probably fresco, which uses water soluble paints with a damp lime wash, a rapid use of the resulting mixture over a large surface, and often in parts (but with a sense of the whole). The colors lighten when dried. Painting of bison attacking a man, from the cave at Lascaux, c. ... Diego Rivera (December 8, 1886 – November 24, 1957), (full name Diego María de la Concepción Juan Nepomuceno Estanislao de la Rivera y Barrientos Acosta y Rodríguez) was a Mexican painter and muralist born in Guanajuato City, Guanajuato. ... David Alfaro Siquerios (December 29, 1896 in Camargo, Chihuahua, Mexico - January 6, 1974 in Cuernavaca, Morelos, Mexico) was a painter and muralist known for his social realism work. ... José Clemente Orozco. ... Fresco by Dionisius representing Saint Nicholas. ...


Murals today are painted in a variety of ways, using oil or water based media. The styles can vary from abstract to trompe l'oeil (a French term for "fool" or "trick the eye"). Today, the beauty of a wall mural has become much more widely available with a technique whereby a painting or photographic image is transferred to poster paper which is then pasted to a wall surface. [[: Le Image:Mural de Narbonne. ...

Contents

Significance of murals

Mural at the American British Cowdray Hospital in México D.F. by Veronica Ruiz de Velasco in 1989.

Murals are significant in that they bring art into the public sphere. Due to the size, cost, and work involved in creating a mural, muralists must often be commissioned by a sponsor. Often it is the local government or a business, but many murals have been paid for with grants. For artists, their work gets a wide audience that otherwise might not set foot in an art gallery. For the city, it gets beautified by a work of art. Murals exist where people live and work and affect their daily lives. Image File history File linksMetadata ABC_Hospital_Mural_VRDV.jpg‎ Summary Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Mural Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create or digitize it. ... Image File history File linksMetadata ABC_Hospital_Mural_VRDV.jpg‎ Summary Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Mural Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create or digitize it. ... Photograph of Veronica Ruiz de Velasco in 1994. ...


Murals are a relatively effective tool of social emancipation or achieving a political goal. Murals have sometimes been created against the law or have been commissioned by local bars and coffeeshops. Often, the visual effects are an enticement to attract public attention to social issues.


World famous are the murals in Mexico, New York, Philadelphia, Belfast, Derry and Los Angeles [1] which have functioned as an important means of communication for members of socially, ethnically and racially divided communities in times of conflict. They also proved to be an effective tool in establishing a dialogue and hence solving the cleavage in the long run. State-sponsored public art expressions, particularly murals, are often used by totalitarian regimes as a tool of mass-control and propaganda. However despite the propagandist character of that works, some of them still have an artistic value. NY redirects here. ... Nickname: City of Brotherly Love, Philly, the Quaker City Motto: Philadelphia maneto (Let brotherly love continue) Location in Pennsylvania Coordinates: Country United States State Pennsylvania County Philadelphia Founded October 27, 1682 Incorporated October 25, 1701 Mayor John F. Street (D) Area    - City 369. ... WGS-84 (GPS) Coordinates: 54. ... Londonderry redirects here. ... Flag Seal Nickname: City of Angels Location Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates , Government State County California Los Angeles County Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 1,290. ... The concept of Totalitarianism is a typology or ideal-type used by some political scientists to encapsulate the characteristics of a number of twentieth century regimes that mobilized entire populations in support of the state or an ideology. ...


Murals and politics

Although the murals more often than not represent violence or intolerance, they are renowned for their professional nature and the notable level of skill of the artists creating them. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1200x1600, 322 KB) Description: mural in Derry Author: Jérôme Sautret © 2003 File links The following pages link to this file: Mural Bernadette Devlin McAliskey Bogside Artists ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1200x1600, 322 KB) Description: mural in Derry Author: Jérôme Sautret © 2003 File links The following pages link to this file: Mural Bernadette Devlin McAliskey Bogside Artists ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... The Bogside Artists are a trio of mural painters, living and working in Northern Ireland. ... Londonderry redirects here. ... The Bogside is a nationalist neighbourhood outside the city walls of Derry, Northern Ireland. ... A mural by the Bogside Artists in Derrys Bogside, depicting Devlin Josephine Bernadette Devlin McAliskey (born April 23, 1947, in County Tyrone, Northern Ireland, to a Catholic nationalist family), also known as Bernadette Devlin and Bernadette McAliskey, is a Northern Ireland republican political activist. ...


Northern Ireland contains arguably the most famous political murals. Many murals serve as a public service announcement of a special interest, notably for political topics such as sex, sexual orientation, religion and intolerance. Almost 2,000 murals have been documented in Northern Ireland since the 1970s. (See Northern Irish murals.) Northern Ireland is a part of the United Kingdom lying in the northeast of the island of Ireland, covering 5,459 square miles (14,139 km², about a sixth of the islands total area). ... The 1970s decade refers to the years from 1970 to 1979. ... Northern Irish murals have become symbols of Northern Ireland, depicting the countys past and present divisions. ...


The World Wall: A Vision of the Future Without Fear traveled to Mexico City in 2006 and was exhibited in the Museo de la Cuidad. The series of eight panels were painted in the U.S, Finland, Russia, Palestine, Israel, and Mexico. Organized by Judy Baca, muralist and an artistic director in Venice, California, artists around the world were asked to envision the moment of change in their country and a future without fear. Each artist and their teams responded with these works produced over a 10-year period. Four works were led by Judy Baca on different aspects of the transformation of a society to peace. Works are in progress in Canada, and Cuba with others planned for Africa, Ireland and other countries. the work is currently on display in Mexico City with the collaborative work of two women artists from Mexico City. Judith Francisca Baca (born September 20, 1946) is an American artist, activist, and University of California, Los Angeles professor of fine arts. ... Judith Francisca Baca (born September 20, 1946) is an American artist, activist, and University of California, Los Angeles professor of fine arts. ...

Mural de Santiago Martinez Delgado, Main room at the Colombian Congress Building.

During the 1930s and '40s Colombia was in the middle of a dispute between the conservative and liberal parties. Tensions were high due to the strong communist force influence of the Soviet Union. So in 1948 the Colombian Government hosted the IX Pan-American Conference to establish the Marshall plan for the Americas. The director of the OEA and the Colombian government commissioned Master Santiago Martinez Delgado, to paint a mural in the Colombian congress building to commemorate the event. Martinez decided to make it about the Cucuta Congress, and painted Bolivar in front of Santander, making liberals upset; so, due to the murder of Jorge Elieser Gaitan the mobs of el bogotazo tried to burn the capitol, but the Colombian Army stopped them. Years latter, in the 1980s, with liberals in charge of the congress, they passed a resolution to turn the whole chamber in the Elliptic Room 90 degrees to put the main mural on the side and commissioned Alejandro Obregon to paint a non-partisan mural in the surrealist style. Image File history File links Santiago_Martinez_Delgado_in_the_colombian_congress. ... Image File history File links Santiago_Martinez_Delgado_in_the_colombian_congress. ... Master Santiago Martinez Delgado. ... Map of Cold-War era Europe and the Near East showing countries that received Marshall Plan aid. ... Master Santiago Martinez Delgado. ... Bolivar is derived from Sim n Bol var, one of the principal figures of the Latin American civil wars so called of independence; the Republic of Bolivia and the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela are named after him, as are a number of other things, mainly in the Western Hemisphere: More... The massive riots that followed the assassination in Bogotá of Colombian Liberal leader Jorge Eliécer Gaitán on April 9, 1948 were known as the Bogotazo (from Bogotá and the -azo suffix of violent augmentation). ... Obregons, Estudiante Muerto, oil on canvas, 1956. ... Surrealism is an artistic movement and an aesthetic philosophy that aims for the liberation of the mind by emphasizing the critical and imaginative powers of the subconscious. ...


Unique murals

The Bardia Mural, photographed in the 1960s, prior to its damage by defacement and the ravages of time.
The Bardia Mural, photographed in the 1960s, prior to its damage by defacement and the ravages of time.

Unique murals are found around the world. An example of such a mural is to be found covering a wall in an old building, once a prison, at the top of a cliff in a place known locally as Bardiyah, in Libya. Signed by the artist on April 1942, weeks before the his death on the first day of the First Battle of El Alamein. It is known as the Bardia Mural, and was created by Private John Frederick Brill[1]. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1597x618, 147 KB) Summary A scanned photograph taken by JW Seccombe in the 1960s of the Bardia Mural. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1597x618, 147 KB) Summary A scanned photograph taken by JW Seccombe in the 1960s of the Bardia Mural. ... The Bardia Mural was created during World War II by John Frederick Brill just prior to his death at the age of 22[1]. It depicts a collage of images that range from the horrors of war shown by skulls to the memories of home, shown by wine, women and... The First Battle of El Alamein 1–July 27, 1942 was a battle of the Western Desert Campaign of World War II, fought between the German–Italian Afrika Korps commanded by Erwin Rommel and the British Eighth Army, commanded by Claude Auchinleck. ... The Bardia Mural was created during World War II by John Frederick Brill just prior to his death at the age of 22[1]. It depicts a collage of images that range from the horrors of war shown by skulls to the memories of home, shown by wine, women and... John Frederick Brill (?, 1920-July 1, 1942) was an artist. ...


The largest indoor mural measures 1,002 m² (9,731 ft²) and was painted by six artists in 7 days from February 27, 2005 at Shyam Vatika, Saraswati Estate, Cimmco Tiraha, Gwalior, India. The painting was co-ordinated by a professional mural artist (Aasutosh Panigrahi) and the owner of the place R P Maheshwary and Ankur Maheshwary. The six artists led by Aasutosh Panigrahi broke a previously held Australian record. The previous largest indoor mural measured 727.52 m² (7,830.96 ft²) and was located at Youth Club, Bernie, Tasmania, Australia on 30 June 2004. is the 58th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... , Gwalior   is a city in Madhya Pradesh in India. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...


The art features on all interior walls and ceilings of a privately owned auditorium, Shyam Vatika, which is used for banquet purposes. The art was purposefully done to break a previously held record. In August 2005 the art was appraised by Guinness World Records as the "World's Largest Indoor Mural". Guinness World Records 2007 edition. ...




Famous muralists

A mural in Havana, Cuba
A mural in Havana, Cuba

Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1136x642, 163 KB) A mural in Havana, Cuba Original filename: 3174. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1136x642, 163 KB) A mural in Havana, Cuba Original filename: 3174. ... Nickname: (Spanish) City of Columns Position of Havana in the Americas Coordinates: , Country Cuba Province Ciudad de La Habana Municipalities 15 Founded 1515a Government  - Mayor Juan Contino Aslán Area  - City 721. ... Judith Francisca Baca (born September 20, 1946) is an American artist, activist, and University of California, Los Angeles professor of fine arts. ... There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ... Thomas Hart Benton, painter Thomas Hart Benton, or Tom Benton (April 15, 1889 - January 19, 1975) was an American muralist of the Regionalist school. ... Paul Cadmus photo taken by Carl Van Vechten, 1937 Paul Cadmus (December 17, 1904 - December 12, 1999) was an artist born in New York City. ... Robert Dafford is an American muralist b. ... The Mona Lisa Leonardo di ser Piero da Vinci (April 15, 1452 – May 2, 1519) was an Italian polymath: scientist, mathematician, engineer, inventor, anatomist, painter, sculptor, architect, musician, and writer. ... Sherry Gargiulo is an American muralist. ... Richard John Haas (born 1936 in Spring Green, Wisconsin) is a American muralist who is best known for architectural murals and his use of the Trompe loeil style. ... John Anton Mallin was a mural and fresco painter in the Chicago area in the 20th century. ... The Agony in the Garden (1455) is the pinnacle of Mantegnas early style. ... Peter Max (born October 19, 1937 as Peter Finkelstein) is an American Pop artist. ... Master Santiago Martinez Delgado. ... Michelangelo (full name Michelangelo di Lodovico Buonarroti Simoni) (March 6, 1475 - February 18, 1564) was a Renaissance sculptor, architect, painter, and poet. ... Claude Monet also known as Oscar-Claude Monet or Claude Oscar Monet (November 14, 1840 – December 5, 1926)[1] was a founder of French impressionist painting, and the most consistent and prolific practitioner of the movements philosophy of expressing ones perceptions before nature, especially as applied to plein... Roberto Montenegro Nervo (February 19, 1887 in Guadalajara - October 13, 1968 in Mexico City) was a Mexican painter, illustrator, and stage designer. ... Juan OGorman (1905 - 1982) was a Mexican artist, both a painter and an architect. ... José Clemente Orozco. ... Diego Rivera (December 8, 1886 – November 24, 1957), (full name Diego María de la Concepción Juan Nepomuceno Estanislao de la Rivera y Barrientos Acosta y Rodríguez) was a Mexican painter and muralist born in Guanajuato City, Guanajuato. ... Raphael Sanzio or Raffaello (April 6, 1483 – April 6, 1520) was an Italian master painter and architect of the Florentine school in High Renaissance, celebrated for the perfection and grace of his paintings. ... David Alfaro Siquerios (December 29, 1896 in Camargo, Chihuahua, Mexico - January 6, 1974 in Cuernavaca, Morelos, Mexico) was a painter and muralist known for his social realism work. ... Frank Philip Stella (born May 12, 1936) is an American painter and printmaker. ... Rufino Tamayo holding a guitar in a photo taken by Carl Van Vechten, 1945. ... Tiziano Vecelli or Tiziano Vecellio (c. ... Alton Tobey (Alton S. Tobey, 1914-2005), was an American artist, muralist, and illustrator. ... Kent Twitchell (born 1942 in Lansing, Michigan) is an American painter most widely known for his murals. ... “Isle of Shoals Humpbacks”, a Whaling Wall in Portsmouth, New Hampshire. ...

See also

The Bogside Artists are a trio of mural painters, living and working in Northern Ireland. ... Typical Kerala mural style painting. ... Graffiti (strictly, as singular, graffito, from the Italian — graffiti being the plural) are images or letters applied without permission to publicly viewable surfaces such as walls or bridges. ... The term public art properly refers to works of art in any media that has been planned and executed with the specific intention of being sited or staged in the public domain, usually outside and accessible to all. ... Soviet Propaganda Poster during the World War II. The text reads Red Army Fighter, SAVE US! Chinese propaganda poster from during the Cultural Revolution. ... Roses for Stalin, Boris Vladimirski, 1949 For other meanings of the term realism, see realism (disambiguation). ... A tiled printout of Swan Song Records logo. ... Andrea Pozzos painted ceiling in the Church of St. ... [[: Le Image:Mural de Narbonne. ...

Further reading

  • Oona Woods (1995). Seeing is Believing? Murals in Derry. Guildhall: Printing Press. ISBN 0-946451-31-1. 
  • E. Clive Rouse (1996). Mediaeval Wall Paintings. Guildhall: Shire Publications. ISBN 0-747801-44-4. 

Edward Clive Rouse MBE (born Stroud, Gloucestershire, 15 October 1901, died Gerrards Cross, Buckinghamshire, 28 July 1997) was an English archaeologist and writer on archaeology, specializing in mediaeval wall paintings, and was President of the Royal Archaeological Institute from 1969 to 1972. ...

References

  1. ^ Commonwealth War Graves Commission. Last Resting Place (English). Retrieved on 29 May 2006.

May 29 is the 149th day of the year (150th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Murals

  Results from FactBites:
 
Mural Magic, Inc. - Phoenix, AZ (340 words)
Mural Magic, Inc. is owned and operated by a professional artist who lives in Scottsdale, Arizona.
Our focus is the creation of large scale, outdoor murals painted on cinderblock or stucco walls.
Our saguaro sunset mural brings a spirit of majesty and electric tranquility, while our underwater ocean mural simply transports us to one of our favorite places, Kauai.
Understanding Murals (2357 words)
Students can present their mural to the class in pairs, or individually and can describe how they saw the mural before using the tools in the toolbox, and then after.
It will be up to them how they connect each of their murals to each, what links they make, what the comparisons bring out, and why they think these murals together forma valuable subject for a tour.
Through comparing a billboard with a mural, students can start their understanding of Nicaraguan murals with their prior knowledge of billboards, a medium that is likely to be more familiar to them.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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