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Encyclopedia > Murad IV
Image:20pxOttomanicon.png Sultan Murad IV
Ottoman Period
Preceded by:
Mustafa I
Ottoman Sultan
1623–40
Succeeded by:
Ibrahim I

Murad IV (Arabic: مراد الرابع) (June 16, 1612February 9, 1640) was the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1623 to 1640, known both for restoring the authority of the state and for the brutality of his methods. Image File history File links 20pxOttomanicon. ... This article is in need of attention. ... Murad IV of the Ottomans This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Mustafa I (1592 – January 20, 1639) (Arabic: مصطفى الأول) was the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1617 to 1618 and from 1622 to 1623. ... The Osmanli Dynasty, also the House of Osman, ruled the Ottoman Empire from 1281 to 1923, beginning with Osman I (not counting his father, Ertuğrul), though the dynasty was not proclaimed until 1383 when Murad I declared himself sultan. ... Sultan Ibrahim I Ibrahim I (November 5, 1615 – August 12, 1648) was the sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1640–1648. ... The Arabic language (Arabic: ‎ translit: ), or simply Arabic (Arabic: ‎ translit: ), is the largest member of the Semitic branch of the Afro-Asiatic language family (classification: South Central Semitic) and is closely related to Hebrew and Aramaic. ... June 16 is the 167th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (168th in leap years), with 198 days remaining. ... Events January 20 - Mathias becomes Holy Roman Emperor. ... February 9 is the 40th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Events December 1 - Portugal regains its independence from Spain and João IV of Portugal becomes king. ... A sultan (Arabic: سلطان) is an Islamic title, with several historical meanings. ... Imperial motto (Ottoman Turkish) دولت ابد مدت Devlet-i Ebed-müddet (The Eternal State) The Ottoman Empire at the height of its power (1683) Official language Ottoman Turkish Capital Söğüt (1299-1326), Bursa (1326-1365), Edirne (1365-1453), Ä°stanbul (1453-1922) Imperial anthem Ottoman imperial anthem Sovereigns Padishah of the Osmanl... Events August 6 - Pope Urban VIII is elected to the Papacy. ... Events December 1 - Portugal regains its independence from Spain and João IV of Portugal becomes king. ...


Murad IV was the son of Sultan Ahmed I (1603–17) and Mahfiruz Hadice (This is Kösem Sultan in some resources). Brought to power by a palace conspiracy in 1623, he succeeded his mad uncle Mustafa I (1617–18, 1622–23). Murad IV was for a long time under the control of his relatives and during his early years as Sultan, his mother, Kösem Sultan, essentially ruled through him. The Empire fell into anarchy; the Persians invaded almost immediately, Northern Anatolia erupted in revolts, and in 1631 the Janissaries stormed the palace and killed the Grand Vizier, among others. Murad IV feared suffering the fate of his elder brother, Osman II (1618–22), and decided to assert his power. He had the Grand Vizier beheaded, had 500 military leaders strangled, and executed 20,000 rebels in Anatolia. Continuing the Ottoman tradition of fratricide, Murad IV had his brother Bayezid killed in 1635, followed by the executions of two more brothers a few years later. Sultan Ahmed I Ahmed I (April 18, 1590 – November 22, 1617) was the sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1603 until his death. ... Mahfiruze Hatice (? – 1621) was the wife of Ahmed I and mother of Murad IV. Categories: | | | ... Kosem Sultan (born around 1589 died 3rd September 1651) was a consort of Sultan Ahmed I, She was the mother of Sultans Murad IV(disputed) and Ibrahim I, she was a prominent figure during the sultanate of the women. ... Mustafa I (1592 – January 20, 1639) (Arabic: مصطفى الأول) was the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1617 to 1618 and from 1622 to 1623. ... The Persian Empire was a series of historical empires that ruled over the Iranian plateau. ... Asia Minor lies east of the Bosporus, between the Black Sea and the Mediterranean. ... Young Greeks at the Mosque (Jean Léon Gérôme, oil on canvas, 1865); this oil painting portrays Greek youths who were converted to Islam to become the elite of the army (Turkish yeniceri, recruit) The Janissaries (or janizaries; in Turkish: Yeniçeri (yeni çeri, meaning new soldier); in... A Vizier (وزير, sometimes also spelled Wazir) is an Arabic term for a high-ranking religious and political advisor, often to a king or sultan. ... Fratricide (from the Latin word frater, meaning: brother) is the act of a person killing his or her brother. ...


Murad IV tried to quell the corruption that had grown during the previous Sultans, and that had not been checked while his mother was ruling through proxy. This was achieved through numerous ways, such as limiting wasteful spending. He also banned alcohol and tobacco in Istanbul. He ordered execution for breaking this ban. He would patrol the streets and taverns of İstanbul in civilian clothes at night, policing the enforcement of his command. If while patrolling the streets he saw a soldier using tobacco or alcohol he killed the soldier on the spot with his sword. His harshness was the reason for his nickname 'cruel'. Even though Murad IV banned tobacco and alcohol, he was himself an alcoholic. Satellite image of Istanbul and the Bosphorus Istanbul (Turkish: Ä°stanbul) is Turkeys largest city, and its cultural and economic center. ...


Murad IV was a huge and tall man. He was a wrestler and a warrior. His strength was nearly phenomenal. He was mostly known by his wrestling opponents for holding and twisting them on top of his head using only one hand. He also used a huge mace (weighing 50 kilograms) and a two-handed large sword (weighing more than 50 kilograms) in battles. (These weapons can be seen in Topkapı Museum in İstanbul.) Assorted maces For its symbolical derivative, see ceremonial mace. ...


Militarily, Murad IV's reign is most notable for a war against Persia in which Ottoman forces conquered Azerbaijan, occupied Tabriz, Hamadan, and, in the last great feat of Imperial Ottoman arms, captured Baghdad in 1638. Murad IV himself commanded the invasion of Mesopotamia and proved to be an outstanding field commander. He was the last Ottoman Sultan to command an army on the battlefield. During his campaign to Iran, he annihilated all rebels in Anatolia and restored order to the state. As a result, many local places were given his name by their residents so as to show their gratitude. The Persian Empire was a series of historical empires that ruled over the Iranian plateau. ... Tabriz City Hall, built in 1895, by Arfaol molk, with the aid of German engineers. ... Avicennas tomb in Hamedan Hamadan or Hamedan ( Persian: همدان ) is the capital city of Hamadan Province of Iran. ... Location of Baghdad within Iraq Baghdad (Arabic: ‎ translit: , Kurdish: Bexda, from Persian Baagh-daad or Bag-Da-Du meaning “Garden of God” [1]) is the capital of Iraq and of Baghdad Governorate. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...


Before his death Murad IV signed a peace treaty (1639) with the Persian Safavid dynasty. After his return to İstanbul he ordered respected statesmen of the Empire to prepare a new economic and political project to return to the Empire the old glorious days. But his illness and young death never let him to implement his ideas to the Empire. The Safavids were a long-lasting Turkic-speaking Iranian dynasty that ruled from 1501 to 1736 and first established Shiite Islam as Persias official religion. ...


Murad IV died aged 27 from cirrhosis of the liver in 1640. On his deathbed he ordered the execution of his brother, Ibrahim (1640–48), which would have meant the end of the Ottoman line, but the order was not carried out. Murat IV wanted such a thing because Ibrahim was not proper for being an emperor. Ibrahim is considered by many historians as "crazy". Cirrhosis is a consequence of chronic liver disease characterized by replacement of liver tissue by fibrotic scar tissue as well as regenerative nodules, leading to progressive loss of liver function. ... Sultan Ibrahim I Ibrahim I (November 5, 1615 – August 12, 1648) was the sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1640–1648. ...


See also

  • Polish-Ottoman War (1633–34)


 
Sultans of the Ottoman Empire

  Results from FactBites:
 
Murad IV - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (637 words)
Murad IV (Arabic: مراد الرابع) (June 16, 1612 – February 9, 1640) was the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1623 to 1640, known both for restoring the authority of the state and for the brutality of his methods.
Murad IV was the son of Sultan Ahmed I (1603–17) and Mahfiruz Hadice (This is Kösem Sultan in some resources).
Murad IV died aged 27 from cirrhosis of the liver in 1640.
Murad III - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (155 words)
Murad III (Arabic: مراد الثالث) (July 4, 1546 – January 15, 1595) was the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1574 until his death.
Murad III was the eldest son of sultan Selim II (1566–74) and valide sultan Nur-Banu (née Cecilia Venier-Baffo) and succeeded his father in 1574.
The reign of Murad III was marked by wars with Iran and Austria and Ottoman economic decline and institutional decay.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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