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Encyclopedia > Municipality of China
Administrative divisions of the
People's Republic of China
This article is part
of the series:
Political divisions of China
Province level
Provinces
Autonomous regions
Municipalities
Special administrative regions
Prefecture level
Prefectures
Autonomous prefectures
Prefecture-level cities
(incl. Sub-provincial cities)
Leagues
County level
Counties
Autonomous counties
County-level cities
(incl. Sub-prefecture-level cities)
Districts
Banners
Autonomous banners
Township level
Townships
Ethnic townships
Towns
Subdistricts
Sumu
Ethnic sumu
District public offices
This article is part
of the series:
Political divisions of
the Republic of China
(Taiwan)
In effect
Provinces (streamlined)
Municipalities
Counties
Provincial cities
County-controlled cities
Districts
Rural townships
Urban townships
Villages (urban)
Villages (rural)
Neighborhoods
Suspended
Regions (also translated as Areas)
Special administrative regions
Leagues
Special banners
Bureaus
Management bureaus
Banners
See also Political divisions of
the People's Republic of China


Direct-controlled municipalities are the highest-level cities in China, with status equal to that of the provinces. Both the People's Republic of China (PRC) on mainland and the Republic of China (ROC) on Taiwan adopt this system with some variations. Geographically and culturally, many of the Chinese municipalities are enclaves in the middle of provinces. Some occur in strategic positions in-between provinces. Current municipalities of PRC are Beijing, Tianjin, Shanghai, and Chongqing, and current municipalties under ROC administration are Kaohsiung and Taipei. Due to Chinas large population and area, the political divisions of China have always consisted of several levels since ancient times. ... A province, in the context of China, is a translation of sheng (省 shÄ›ng), which is an administrative division of China. ... The Peoples Republic of China has created, following Soviet nationality policy, a number of administrative divisions designated as autonomous, although many disagree of their actual autonomy. ... This article talks about the special administrative regions set up by the Peoples Republic of China. ... Prefecture, in the context of China, is used to refer to several unrelated political divisions in both ancient and modern China. ... The Peoples Republic of China has created, following Soviet nationality policy, a number of administrative divisions designated as autonomous, although many disagree of their actual autonomy. ... A prefecture-level city (地级市 Pinyin: dìjí shì, literally region-level city) or prefecture-level municipality is an administrative division of the Peoples Republic of China, ranking below a province and above a county in Chinas administrative structure. ... A sub-provincial city (副省级城市), or vice-provincial city, in the Peoples Republic of China, is a prefecture-level city that is ruled by a province, but is administered independently in regard to economy and law. ... A league (Mongolian: chuulghan, Chinese: 盟, pinyin: méng) is an administrative unit in Inner Mongolia, Peoples Republic of China. ... In the context of Political divisions of China, county is the standard English translation of 县 (xiàn). ... The Peoples Republic of China has created, following Soviet nationality policy, a number of administrative divisions designated as autonomous, although many disagree of their actual autonomy. ... A county-level city (县级市 Pinyin: xiànjí shì) is a county-level administrative division of mainland China. ... A sub-prefecture-level city (副地級市), or vice-prefecture-level city, is an administrative division of China. ... District, in the context of China, is used to refer to several unrelated political divisions in both ancient and modern China. ... A banner (Mongolian: khoshuu, Chinese: 旗, pinyin: qí) is an administrative division of Inner Mongolia. ... The Peoples Republic of China has created, following Soviet nationality policy, a number of administrative divisions designated as autonomous, although many disagree of their actual autonomy. ... When referring to Political Divisions of China, township is the standard English translation of the Chinese 乡 (xiāng). ... The Peoples Republic of China has created, following Soviet nationality policy, a number of administrative divisions designated as autonomous, although many disagree of their actual autonomy. ... When referring to Political Divisions of China, town is the standard English translation of the Chinese 镇 (zhèn). ... The Subdistrict is one of the smallest Political_divisions_of_China. ... Sum, sumu, sumon, and somon are a type of administrative district used in Mongolia and nearby areas. ... The Peoples Republic of China has created, following Soviet nationality policy, a number of administrative divisions designated as autonomous, although many disagree of their actual autonomy. ... District, in the context of China, is used to refer to several unrelated political divisions in both ancient and modern China. ... The Republic of China (ROC) currently administers two historical provinces of China (one completely and one for a small part) and centrally administers two municipalities: Taiwan Province; consists of the island of Taiwan, except the two municipalities, plus Penghu county (Pescadores Islands) and a number of outlying islands Sixteen counties... A province, in the context of China, is a translation of sheng (省 shÄ›ng), which is an administrative division of China. ... In the context of Political divisions of China, county is the standard English translation of 县 (xiàn). ... Provincial cities (省轄市 or 省管市), sometimes translated provincial municipalities, are cities lesser in rank than direct-controlled municipalities of the Republic of China. ... A county-controlled city (縣轄市) is one of the 32 cities in Taiwan Province of the Republic of China administered under one of the 16 counties of the Republic of China. ... District, in the context of China, is used to refer to several unrelated political divisions in both ancient and modern China. ... When referring to Political Divisions of China, township is the standard English translation of the Chinese 乡 (xiāng). ... When referring to Political Divisions of China, township is the standard English translation of the Chinese 乡 (xiāng). ... In the political division of the Republic of China, special administrative regions were historically used to designate special areas, most of which were eventually converted into provinces. ... A city is an urban area, differentiated from a town, village, or hamlet by size, population density, importance, or legal status. ... For other province-level divisions, see Political divisions of China. ... The highlighted area in the map is what is commonly known as mainland China. Mainland China (Simplified Chinese: 中国大陆; Traditional Chinese: 中國大陸; Pinyin: Zhōnggúo Dàlù, lit. ... Motto: None Anthem: National Anthem of the ROC Capital Taipei City (de facto) Nanjing (in law) 1 Largest city Taipei City Official language(s) Mandarin (Guoyü) Government President Vice President Premier Multiparty democracy Chen Shui-bian Annette Lu Su Tseng-chang Establishment Xinhai Revolution Declared  October 10, 1911 Established  January... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Beijing (Chinese: 北京; ; IPA: ), a city in northern China (formerly spelled in English as Peking or Peiking), is the capital of the Peoples Republic of China (PRC). ... Tianjin (Chinese: 天津; Pinyin: TiānjÄ«n; Postal System Pinyin: Tientsin) is one of the four municipalities of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Shanghai (Chinese: 上海 pinyin: ; Shanghainese: ), situated on the banks of the Yangtze River Delta in East China, is Chinas largest city. ... Chongqing (Simplified Chinese: 重庆; Traditional Chinese: 重慶; Pinyin: Chóngqìng; Wade-Giles: Chung-ching; Postal System Pinyin: Chungking) is the largest and most populous of the Peoples Republic of Chinas four provincial-level municipalities, and the only one in the less densely populated western half of China. ... Abbreviation: Kaohsiung (高雄) City nickname: The Harbor City Capital District Linya Dist. ... City nickname: the City of Azaleas Government Official Website City of Taipei Mayor Ma Ying-jeou Capital District Xinyi Geographical characteristics Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 16 of 25 271. ...


In Mainland China, municipalities can be quite large. All four municipalities extend far beyond their urban areas into the surrounding areas, encompassing towns, villages, farmland, hills, and other areas that are much larger than the urban area. The largest municipality, Chongqing, is larger in size than the smallest province, Hainan. Hainan (Chinese: 海南; Hanyu Pinyin: ) is a province of the Peoples Republic of China, located at the southern end of the country. ...


In Taiwan, the reverse is true, with municipalities being smaller than their urban areas. The urban area of Taipei and Kaohsiung municipalities spill out of their borders into Taipei County and Kaohsiung County, respectively. Taipei County (Chinese: 台北縣; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Tai-pei Hsien; POJ: Tâi-pak-koān) is located in northern Taiwan and encircles Taipei City. ... Kaohsiung County (高雄縣, pinyin: Gāoxióng Xiàn) is a county in southern Taiwan administered as part of Taiwan Province of the Republic of China. ...


For information on the administrative structure of China and how municipalities fit within it, see political divisions of China, political divisions of the Republic of China. Due to Chinas large population and area, the political divisions of China have always consisted of several levels since ancient times. ... The Republic of China (ROC) currently administers two historical provinces of China (one completely and one for a small part) and centrally administers two municipalities: Taiwan Province; consists of the island of Taiwan, except the two municipalities, plus Penghu county (Pescadores Islands) and a number of outlying islands Sixteen counties...


History

The first municipalities were the 11 cities of Nanjing, Shanghai, Beijing, Tianjin, Qingdao, Chongqing, Xi'an, Guangzhou, Hankou (now part of Wuhan), Shenyang, and Harbin when the ROC government ruled the Mainland China. They were established in 1927 soon after they were designated as "cities" during the 1920s. Nominally Dalian was a municipality as well, although it was under Japanese Occupation. These cities were first called special municipalities/cities (特別市), but were later renamed Yuan-controlled municipalities (院轄市), then direct-controlled municipalities (直轄市) by the Central Government. Nanjing (Chinese: 南京 [ ]; Romanizations: NánjÄ«ng (Pinyin) , Nan-ching (Wade-Giles), Nanking (Postal System Pinyin) ) is the capital of Chinas Jiangsu Province and a city with a prominent place in Chinese history and culture. ... Shanghai (Chinese: 上海 pinyin: ; Shanghainese: ), situated on the banks of the Yangtze River Delta in East China, is Chinas largest city. ... Beijing (Chinese: 北京; ; IPA: ), a city in northern China (formerly spelled in English as Peking or Peiking), is the capital of the Peoples Republic of China (PRC). ... Tianjin (Chinese: 天津; Pinyin: TiānjÄ«n; Postal System Pinyin: Tientsin) is one of the four municipalities of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Qingdao (Simplified Chinese: 青岛; Traditional Chinese: 青島; Pinyin: QÄ«ngdÇŽo; Wade-Giles: Ching-tao), well-known to the West by its Postal System Pinyin transliteration Tsingtao, is a sub-provincial city in eastern Shandong province, Peoples Republic of China. ... Chongqing (Simplified Chinese: 重庆; Traditional Chinese: 重慶; Pinyin: Chóngqìng; Wade-Giles: Chung-ching; Postal System Pinyin: Chungking) is the largest and most populous of the Peoples Republic of Chinas four provincial-level municipalities, and the only one in the less densely populated western half of China. ... Nickname: Changan Official website: http://www. ... Location within China Canton, China redirects here. ... Hankou (漢口; pinyin: Hànkǒu; Wade-Giles: Hankow) is one of the three towns, together with Wuchang and Hanyang, which are included in modern day Wuhan, the capital of the Hubei province, in China. ... Location within China Modern and ancient Wuhan (Simplified Chinese: 武汉; Traditional Chinese: 武漢; Pinyin: WÇ”hàn) is the capital of Hubei province, and is the most populous city in central China. ... Location within China Major districts of Shenyang. ... Harbin (Simplified Chinese: 哈尔滨; Traditional Chinese: 哈爾濱; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Ha-erh-pin; Russian Харби́н Kharbin) is a sub-provincial city and the capital of the Heilongjiang Province in north-east China. ... Dalian (Simplified Chinese: 大连; Traditional Chinese: 大連; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Ta-lien), or Dalny (during Russian controlled periods, aka Dairen during Japanese periods, or from Mid-century (Jointly administered by both USSR/PRC) formerly also Lüda or Luta), is the second of two strategic ice-free seaports on the Liaodong... The Executive Yuan (行政院; literally executive court) is the executive branch of the government of the Republic of China. ...


After the Chinese Communist takeover of mainland China in 1949 and established the PRC, Anshan, Benxi, and Fushun were made municipalities as well, while Qingdao, Shenyang, and Harbin were reduced to provincial municipalities. Hankou was merged to Wuhan. Hence there remained 12 municipalities in mainland China, until Dalian was elevated in 1950. In June 1952, Harbin was restored to municipality-status, along with Changchun. Except Beijing and Tianjin, which were under central control, all other municipalities were governed by the greater administrative areas. The Communist Party of China (CPC) (official name) or Chinese Communist Party (CCP) (Simplified Chinese: 中国共产党; Traditional Chinese: 中國共産黨; Pinyin: Zhōngguó GòngchÇŽndÇŽng) is the ruling political party of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Anshan (Chinese: 鞍山; pinyin: ; lit. ... Benxi (Chinese: 本溪; pinyin: ) is a prefecture-level city located in the Liaoning province of China, south-southeast of Shenyang. ... Location within China Fushun (Simplified Chinese: 抚顺; Traditional Chinese: 撫順; pinyin: ) is a city in Liaoning, China, about 45 km from Shenyang, with population about 1. ... Provincial cities (省轄市 or 省管市), sometimes translated provincial municipalities, are cities lesser in rank than direct-controlled municipalities of the Republic of China. ... Location within China Modern and ancient Wuhan (Simplified Chinese: 武汉; Traditional Chinese: 武漢; Pinyin: WÇ”hàn) is the capital of Hubei province, and is the most populous city in central China. ... Location within China Changchun (Simplified Chinese: 长春; Traditional Chinese: 長春; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Chang-chun) is the capital and largest city of Jilin province, located at the northeast of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Greater administrative areas (大行政区 Pinyin: daxingzhengqu) were an early top-level subdivision of the Peoples Republic of China that directly governed provinces and municipalities. ...


In June 1954, 11 of the 14 municipalities were reduced to provincial municipalities; many of them became capitals of the provinces they were in. Only Beijing, Shanghai, and Tianjin were left, until Chongqing was restored in 1997. Tianjin was also temporarily reverted to the province-controlled status around the 1960s.


Two municipalities in Taiwan are created after the ROC government reallocated from the mainland to the island. Taipei was made a Yuan-controlled municipality in 1967. The same was done for Kaohsiung in 1979. They remain the only two municipalities currently under the ROC administration. Promotion of Taichung from the provincial city to the third municipality has been proposed but no conlusion has reached. Since 1994, Yuan-controlled municipalities have been officially called direct-control municipalities to emphasize their autonomy. Besides significant political, economic, and cultural development, the ROC law dictates that a municipality must have population of over 1,250,000. City nickname: the City of Azaleas Government Official Website City of Taipei Mayor Ma Ying-jeou Capital District Xinyi Geographical characteristics Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 16 of 25 271. ... Abbreviation: Kaohsiung (高雄) City nickname: The Harbor City Capital District Linya Dist. ... Taichung (Chinese: 臺中市 or 台中市; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Tai-chung; POJ: Tâi-tiong) is a city located in west-central Taiwan with a population of just over one million people, making it the third largest city on the island, after Taipei and Kaohsiung. ...


Position in hierarchy

Municipalities are the highest-ranked cities in China. Some cities of lower levels may also refer to themselves as municipalities in the English language. Wikipedia's translation, however, refers to them using the following conventional terms: The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ...


Three levels of cities in the People's Republic of China on Mainland China: Due to Chinas large population and area, the political divisions of China have always consisted of several levels since ancient times. ... The highlighted area in the map is what is commonly known as mainland China. Mainland China (Simplified Chinese: 中国大陆; Traditional Chinese: 中國大陸; Pinyin: Zhōnggúo Dàlù, lit. ...

  • Municipalities
  • Prefecture-level cities
  • County-level cities

Three levels of cities in the Republic of China on Taiwan: A prefecture-level city (地级市 Pinyin: dìjí shì, literally region-level city) or prefecture-level municipality is an administrative division of the Peoples Republic of China. ... A county-level city (县级市 Pinyin: xiànjí shì) is a county-level administrative division of mainland China. ... The Republic of China (ROC) currently administers two historical provinces of China (one completely and one for a small part) and centrally administers two municipalities: Taiwan Province; consists of the island of Taiwan, except the two municipalities, plus Penghu county (Pescadores Islands) and a number of outlying islands Sixteen counties... Motto: None Anthem: National Anthem of the ROC Capital Taipei City (de facto) Nanjing (in law) 1 Largest city Taipei City Official language(s) Mandarin (Guoyü) Government President Vice President Premier Multiparty democracy Chen Shui-bian Annette Lu Su Tseng-chang Establishment Xinhai Revolution Declared  October 10, 1911 Established  January...


  Results from FactBites:
 
China ABC (747 words)
It was established as a municipality in 1928.
A municipality directly under the Central Government, it is one of the Chinese cities open to foreigners.
One of China's four municipalities directly under the Central Government, Shanghai has under its jurisdiction 18 districts and one county, covering 6,340.5 square km and with a population of 16.74 million (5.03 million in 1949).
Municipality of China - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (603 words)
Direct-controlled municipalities are the highest-level cities in China, with status equal to that of the provinces.
Current municipalities of PRC are Beijing, Tianjin, Shanghai, and Chongqing, and current municipalties under ROC administration are Kaohsiung and Taipei.
The first municipalities were the 11 cities of Nanjing, Shanghai, Beijing, Tianjin, Qingdao, Chongqing, Xi'an, Guangzhou, Hankou (now part of Wuhan), Shenyang, and Harbin when the ROC government ruled the Mainland China.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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