FACTOID # 9: The bookmobile capital of America is Kentucky.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Municipalities of Japan
Administrative divisions of Japan
Regional level
Regions (地方 chihō)
Prefectural level
Prefectures (都道府県 todōfuken)
Subprefectural level
Subprefectures (支庁 shichō)
Designated Cities
(政令指定都市 seirei-shitei-toshi)
Districts (郡 gun)
Municipal level
Core Cities (中核市 chūkaku-shi)
Special Cities (特例市 tokurei-shi)
Cities (市 shi)
Special Wards (特別区 tokubetsu-ku)
Wards (区 ku)
Towns (町 chō / machi)
Villages (村 son / mura)

Japan has three levels of government: national, prefectural, and municipal. The nation is divided into 47 prefectures. Each prefecture consists of numerous municipalities. There are four types of municipalities in Japan: cities, towns, villages and special wards (the ku of Tokyo). In Japanese, this system is known as shichosonku (市町村区). The regions of Japan are not official administrative units, but have been traditionally used as the regional division of Japan in a number of contexts: for example, maps and geography textbooks divide Japan into the eight regions, weather reports usually give the weather by region, and many businesses and institutions... The prefectures of Japan are the countrys 47 sub-national jurisdictions: one metropolis (都 to), Tokyo; one circuit (道 dō), Hokkaidō; two urban prefectures (府 fu), Osaka and Kyoto; and 43 other prefectures (県 ken). ... Hokkaido Prefecture have branch offices called 支庁 (shicho) in Japanese, which can be translated in English as subprefectures. ... A city designated by government ordinance, or Government Ordinance City (政令指定都市 seirei shitei toshi or 政令市 seirei shi) is a city of Japan that has a population greater than 500,000 and important economic and industrial functions, and that is considered a major city in Japan. ... The district (郡; gun) was most recently used as an administrative unit in Japan between 1878 and 1921 and is roughly equivalent to the county of the United States. ... Core cities are cities of Japan designated by Article 252, Clause 22 and the first term of the Local Autonomy Law. ... Special Cities (特例市) of Japan are cities with populations of at least 200,000, and are delegated a subset of the functions delegated to core cities. ... This article is about the Japanese municipality system. ... The 23 special wards (特別区 tokubetsuku) are self-governing, special municipalities in the central and most populous part of Tokyo, Japan. ... A ku (区), translated as ward, is a district in a large Japanese city. ... A town (町 chō) is a local administrative unit in Japan. ... A village (村 mura or son) is a local administrative unit in Japan. ... There is still dispute as to whether Japan is a constitutional monarchy or a republic. ... The prefectures of Japan are the countrys 47 sub-national jurisdictions: one metropolis (都 to), Tokyo; one circuit (道 dō), Hokkaidō; two urban prefectures (府 fu), Osaka and Kyoto; and 43 other prefectures (県 ken). ... This article is about the Japanese municipality system. ... A town (町 chō) is a local administrative unit in Japan. ... A village (村 mura or son) is a local administrative unit in Japan. ... The 23 special wards (特別区 tokubetsuku) are self-governing, special municipalities in the central and most populous part of Tokyo, Japan. ... Long a symbol of Tokyo, the Nijubashi Bridge at the Kokyo Imperial Palace. ...



The status of a municipality, if it is a village, town or city, is decided by the prefectural government. Generally, a village or town can be promoted to a city when its population increases above fifty thousand, and a city can (but need not) be demoted to a town or village when its population decreases below fifty thousand. The least-populated city, Utashinai, Hokkaido, has population of mere six thousand, while a town in the same prefecture, Otofuke, Hokkaido, has nearly forty thousand. Utashinai (歌志内市; -shi) is a city located in Hokkaido. ... Otofuke (音更町; -chou) is a town located in Katō District, Tokachi, Hokkaido, Japan. ...


A shi may have further administrative subdivisions known as wards (区, ku). These, however, are not municipalities. The only wards that are municipalities are the special wards of Tokyo.


The following are major cities:

  • Fukuoka, the most populous city in the Kyushu region
  • Hiroshima, the busy manufacturing city in the Chugoku region of Honshu
  • Kobe, a major port on the Inland Sea, located in the center of Honshu near Osaka
  • Kitakyushu, a city of just over one million inhabitants in Kyushu
  • Kyoto, former capital, historic center and thriving modern city
  • Nagasaki, a port on the island of Kyushu
  • Nagoya, center of a major automobile-manufacturing region on the eastern seaboard of Honshu
  • Osaka, a vast manufacturing city on the Inland Sea coast of Honshu
  • Sapporo, the largest city in Hokkaido
  • Sendai, the principal center of northeast Honshu
  • Yokohama, a port city just south of Tokyo

Note that Tokyo is not a city. Tokyo Prefecture encompasses 23 special wards, each a city unto itself, as well as many cities, towns and even villages on the Japanese mainland and outlying islands. For information on the former city of that name, see Tokyo City; for information about present-day Tokyo Prefecture, see Tokyo. View of downtown Fukuoka as seen from an observation deck in Minami-ku, facing north. ... Kyushu region, Japan Kyushu (九州) is the third largest island of Japan and most southerly and westerly of the four main islands. ... Main keep of Hiroshima Castle The city of Hiroshima (広島市; -shi) is the capital of Hiroshima Prefecture, and the largest city in the Chugoku region of western Honshu, the largest of Japans islands. ... The Chugoku region (中国地方 Chūgoku-chihō) is located within the western region of Honshu, the largest island of Japan. ... todo mal de [ [ Shikoku ] ] a través del [ [ mar interior ] ], y noreste de [ [ Kyushu ] ] a través del [ [ estrecho de Kanmon ] ]. Es la séptima isla más grande, y la segunda isla populosa en el mundo después de [ [ Java (isla)|Java ] ] (véase [ [ lista de las islas de la población ] ]). < style=float del div... Kobe (Japanese: 神戸市; kōbe-shi) is a city in Japan, located on the island of Honshu. ... The Inland Sea and its major straits with the bay of Osaka (dashed) The torii of Itsukushima Shrine is one of the most popular tourist spots of the Inland Sea. ... Kokura Castle (-jō), April 2002 Kitakyūshū (北九州市; -shi), literally north Kyushu, is a city located in Fukuoka prefecture, Japan. ... This page is about the city Kyoto. ... Megane-bashi (Spectacles Bridge) Nagasaki â–¶(?) (長崎市; -shi, literally long peninsula) is the capital and the largest city of Nagasaki Prefecture. ... Nagoya Castle in June of 2004. ... Osaka Castle Location in Japan Osaka Aquarium (Kaiyukan) Osaka railway station View from Osaka Castle. ... Sapporo scene Sapporo White Illumination Sapporo (札幌市; -shi) is the fifth-largest city in Japan and it is the capital of Hokkaido Prefecture. ... See Sendai (disambiguation) for other places whose name is Sendai Sendai (仙台市; -shi) is the capital city of Miyagi Prefecture, Japan and the largest city in the Tohoku region. ... Japans tallest building, the Landmark Tower, is in the Minato Mirai 21 district of Yokohama. ... Tokyo City (東京市 Tōkyō-shi) was a Japanese municipality located in the center of the Tokyo urban area. ... Long a symbol of Tokyo, the Nijubashi Bridge at the Kokyo Imperial Palace. ...


See List of cities in Japan for the complete list. This is a list of cities and districts in Japan. ...


Each of the 23 special wards of Tokyo is legally equivalent to a city, though sometimes 23 special wards as a whole is regarded as one city. The 23 special wards (特別区 tokubetsuku) are self-governing, special municipalities in the central and most populous part of Tokyo, Japan. ... Long a symbol of Tokyo, the Nijubashi Bridge at the Kokyo Imperial Palace. ...


Except for these wards of Tokyo, all large cities are of cities designated by government ordinance. A city designated by government ordinance, or Government Ordinance City (政令指定都市 seirei shitei toshi or 政令市 seirei shi) is a city of Japan that has a population greater than 500,000 and important economic and industrial functions, and that is considered a major city in Japan. ...


See also: Core city, Municipality of Japan Core cities are cities of Japan designated by Article 252, Clause 22 and the first term of the Local Autonomy Law. ... This article is about the Japanese municipality system. ...


Non-municipality

The words Cho and machi are also used for addresses in urban areas. These instances are not municipalities. In rare cases, a mura (municipal village) might even contain a machi (town by name). As an example of a cho that is not a municipality, Awaji-cho is a small neighborhood within a special ward in Tokyo. Even though it has the word cho, meaning town, at the end, Awaji-cho is not a town. Many such cho were previously towns that coalesced to form larger cities (and many were not).


Similarly, the ku of Osaka, Kyoto, and other large cities are non-municipal administration wards. The ku of Himeji are non-municipal asset wards. Osaka Castle (ÅŒsaka-jō) Location in Japan Osaka Aquarium (Kaiyukan) Osaka railway station The Osaka Tower (TsÅ«tenkaku) Osaka City   listen? (大阪市; ÅŒsaka-shi) is the third-largest city in Japan, with a population of 2. ... This page is about the city Kyoto. ... Himeji city information Categories: Cities in Hyogo Prefecture | Japan geography stubs ...


Subprefectures (shicho) are branch offices of the prefectures and not municipalities by themselves. Some Japanese prefectures are divided into branch offices. ...


Districts (gun) are not current municipalities but names of groups of towns and villages. The district (郡; gun) was most recently used as an administrative unit in Japan between 1878 and 1921 and is roughly equivalent to the county of the United States. ...


Provinces (kuni) are not current municipalities but (almost obsolete) names of geographical regions similar to prefectures. Before the modern prefecture system was established, the land of Japan was divided into tens of kuni (国, countries). ...


See also


  Results from FactBites:
 
Municipality (711 words)
A municipality or "general-purpose district" (compare with: "special-purpose district") is an administrative local area generally composed of a clearly defined territory and commonly referring to a city, town, or village government.
In Canada, a municipality is a city, town, township, county, or regional municipality which has been incorporated by statute by the legislatures of the Provinces and territories of Canada.
In South Africa, municipalities are subdivisions of a province, and are ranked by size.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m