A municipality or "general-purpose district" (compare with: "special-purpose district") is an administrative local area generally composed of a clearly defined territory and commonly referring to a city, town, or villagegovernment.
Municipalities are not necessarily the same as townships.
In most countries, this is the smallest administrative subdivision that has its own democraticallyelectedrepresentative leadership. In several European countries, municipalities as second level entities are referred to as communes.
Municipalities as second level entities
In Australia, a municipality is a city, or shire and is a subdivision of a state
In Austria, a municipality (Gemeinde) is part of a district (Bezirk), which is in turn part of a state (Bundesland).
Every part of mainland New Zealand is part of either a "city" (mostly urban) or a "district" (mostly rural). The term "municipality" has become rare in New Zealand since about 1979 and has no legal status.
In the United States, the entities that have status as a municipality vary from state to state. Cities, towns, boroughs, or villages are common terms for municipalities. Townships, counties, and parishes are not generally considered to be municipalities, although there are exceptions. In some states, towns have a non-municipal status similar to townships.
First level entities and other forms of municipalities
The municipality plans to remove up to 72,800 cubic metres of gravel from the creek to reduce flooding hazards, part of the Fitzsimmons Creek Management Plan.
To make the exploration more enjoyable, as well as easier, the municipality is producing a suite of self-guided audio podcast tours, downloadable from the web, as part of a larger, improved wayfinding program.
Municipal staff submit weekly water samples to the Vancouver Coastal Health Authority for lab services and posting of results.
Reorganization of the debts of a municipality is typically accomplished either by extending debt maturities, reducing the amount of principal or interest, or refinancing the debt by obtaining a new loan.
The term "municipality" is defined in the Bankruptcy Code as a "political subdivision or public agency or instrumentality of a State." 11 U.S.C. § 101(40).
Due to statutory limitations placed upon the power of the court in a municipal debt adjustment proceeding, the court is far less involved in the conduct of a municipal bankruptcy case (and in the operation of the municipal entity) while the debtor's financial affairs are undergoing reorganization.
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