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Encyclopedia > Municipal boroughs

Municipal boroughs were a type of local authority which existed in England and Wales between 1835 and 1974. Local governments are administrative offices of an area smaller than a state. ... Royal motto (French): Dieu et mon droit (Translated: God and my right) Englands location within the British Isles Official language English de facto Capital London de facto Largest city London Area – Total Ranked 1st UK 130,395 km² Population – Total (mid-2004) – Total (2001 Census) – Density Ranked 1st UK... For an explanation of often confusing terms such as Great Britain, Britain, United Kingdom and England, see British Isles (terminology). ... | Come and take it, slogan of the Texas Revolution 1835 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... 1974 (MCMLXXIV in Roman) is a common year starting on Tuesday (click on link for calendar). ...


The municipal boroughs were created by the Municipal Corporations Act 1835 and allowed the creation of an elected town council, consisting of a mayor, aldermen and councillors to oversee many local affairs. The Municipal Reform Act 1835 required members of town councils (municipal corporations) to be elected by ratepayers and councils to publish their financial accounts. ... In the United Kingdom, town councils are civil parish councils, where the civil parish is a town. ... A mayor (from the Latin maīor, meaning larger,greater) is the politician who serves as chief executive official of some types of municipalities. ... An alderman is a member of a municipal legislative body in a town or city with many jurisdictions. ... A councillor is a member of a council (such as a city council), particularly in the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia and other parts of the Commonwealth. ...


History

Boroughs had existed in England and Wales since mediæval times, as areas governed by a municipal corporation, which were conferred by Royal Charter. These corporations were usually self-selecting oligarchies. The 1835 Act required all municipal corporations to be elected according to a standard franchise, based on property ownership. At the same time, a procedure was established whereby a town could petition Parliament to be given borough status. The Act reformed 178 boroughs — others were left unreformed and either became irrelevant or were reformed later. Only the Corporation of London survives as a local authority to today in an unreformed state. A borough is a local government administrative subdivision used in the Canadian province of Quebec, in some states of the United States, and formerly in New Zealand. ... The Middle Ages formed the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history into three ages: the classical civilization of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and modern times, beginning with the Renaissance. ... A Municipal Corporation is a legal defintion for a local governing body, including (but not necessarily limited to) cities, counties, and towns. ... A Royal Charter is a charter given by a monarch to legitimize an incorporated body, such as a city, company, university or such. ... Oligarchy is a form of government where most political power effectively rests with a small segment of society (typically the most powerful, whether by wealth, military strength, ruthlessness, or political influence). ... Look up Petition in Wiktionary, the free dictionary A petition is a request to an authority, most commonly a government official or public entity. ... Arms of the City of London as shown on Blackfriars station. ...


In 1889, the Local Government Act 1888 created county councils across England and Wales. Boroughs were divided into two sorts, with some becoming county boroughs which were entirely self-governing and independent from county council administration. 1889 (MDCCCLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... The Local Government Act 1888 (51 & 52 Vict. ... In the British Isles, a county council is a council that governs a county. ... County borough was a term introduced in 1889 in the United Kingdom to refer to a borough or a city independent of county administration. ...


The non-county boroughs had more limited powers of self-government, and shared power with county councils. In 1894, towns which had not been incorporated as boroughs became urban districts with similar powers to municipal boroughs. 1894 (MDCCCXCIV) was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... In the British Isles an urban district was a type of local government district which covered an urbanised area. ...


The title of 'borough' was considered to be more dignified than 'urban district', and so many larger urban districts petitioned Parliament to be granted the status of a municipal borough, and many were granted this right. Borough status did not substantially increase local government powers, although municipal boroughs above a certain size had the right to run primary education. Primary or elementary education consist of the first years of formal, structured education that occurs during childhood. ...


See also: Boroughs incorporated in England and Wales 1835 - 1882, Unreformed boroughs in England and Wales 1835 - 1886. Unreformed boroughs were those corporate towns in England and Wales which had not been reformed by the Municipal Corporations Act 1835. ...


Abolition

Seven municipal boroughs were abolished in the 1960s, and reconstituted as rural boroughs and civil parishes in rural districts. These were The 1960s decade refers to the years from 1960 to 1969, inclusive. ... In England a civil parish (usually just parish) is the lowest unit of local government, lower than districts or counties. ... In local government on the British Isles, a rural district was a predominantly rural area used for local government. ...

All municipal boroughs (over 200 of them) were abolished in 1974 (by the Local Government Act 1972) and many were merged with surrounding rural districts to form the present pattern of local government districts. Many present districts which included former municipal boroughs have retained the title of 'borough' from their predecessors. Some small municipal boroughs became civil parishes with Town Councils, others continued as Charter Trustees towns. Bishops Castle is a small market-town in Shropshire, England, and formerly its smallest borough. ... Map sources for Bridgnorth at grid reference SO7193 High Town from the River Severn Bridgnorth is a town in Shropshire, England, at grid reference SO717929. ... Lostwithiel is a small town in Cornwall, England at the head of the estuary of the River Fowey. ... Map sources for Ludlow at grid reference SO5174 Feathers Hotel, Ludlow (Photo by Mick Knapton) Ludlow is a town in Shropshire, situated almost on the border between England and Wales. ... South Molton is a town in Devon, England Categories: Devon geography stubs | Towns in Devon ... Map sources for Oswestry at grid reference SJ2929 Oswestry (Welsh: Croesoswallt) is a town in Shropshire, England, close to the Welsh border. ... Much Wenlock is a town in Shropshire, England. ... 1974 (MCMLXXIV in Roman) is a common year starting on Tuesday (click on link for calendar). ... The Local Government Act 1972 was an Act of Parliament in the United Kingdom, that reformed local government in England and Wales, on April 1, 1974. ... In local government on the British Isles, a rural district was a predominantly rural area used for local government. ... The Districts of England are the lowest level of local government in England, except for civil parishes. ... In England a civil parish (usually just parish) is the lowest unit of local government, lower than districts or counties. ... In the United Kingdom, Charter Trustees are set up to maintain the continuity of a town charter or city charter after a district with the status of a borough or city has been abolished, until such time as a parish council is established. ...


See also


  Results from FactBites:
 
Municipal borough - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (444 words)
Municipal boroughs were a type of local authority which existed in England and Wales between 1835 and 1974.
Boroughs were divided into two sorts, with some becoming county boroughs which were entirely self-governing and independent from county council administration.
Seven municipal boroughs were abolished in the 1960s, and reconstituted as rural boroughs and civil parishes in rural districts.
London borough - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (649 words)
Municipal Borough of Bexley, Municipal Borough of Erith, Crayford Urban District
Municipal Borough of Brentford and Chiswick, Feltham Urban District
Municipal Borough of Mitcham, Merton and Morden Urban District
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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