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Encyclopedia > Munich (film)
Munich

The first poster for Munich
Directed by Steven Spielberg
Produced by Kathleen Kennedy
Steven Spielberg
Barry Mendel
Colin Wilson
Written by Tony Kushner
Eric Roth
Starring Eric Bana
Daniel Craig
Ciarán Hinds
Mathieu Kassovitz
Hanns Zischler
Geoffrey Rush
Ayelet Zurer
Michael Lonsdale
Mathieu Amalric
Gila Almagor
Moritz Bleibtreu
Music by John Williams
Cinematography Janusz Kaminski
Editing by Michael Kahn
Distributed by USA Theatrical & Worldwide DVD/Video (except Japan)
Universal Pictures
Non-USA Theatrical
DreamWorks SKG through
United International Pictures
Release date(s) December 23, 2005
Running time 163 minutes
Language English, German, Italian, French
Budget $77,000,000 (estimated)
Allmovie profile
IMDb profile

Munich is a 2005 semi-fictionalized film about the 1972 Munich massacre of Israeli Olympic athletes by Black September gunmen and of the Israeli government's secret retaliation. The film stars Eric Bana and was co-produced and directed by Steven Spielberg. It was written by Tony Kushner and Eric Roth. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (580x861, 43 KB) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Steven Allan Spielberg KBE (born December 18, 1946)[1] is an American film director, producer and screenwriter. ... Producer Kathleen Kennedy Kathleen Kennedy (b. ... Steven Allan Spielberg KBE (born December 18, 1946)[1] is an American film director, producer and screenwriter. ... Barry Mendel is a Rye Country Day School graduate who has produced various films including: Rule of the Bone (2006) (pre-production) (producer) Flora Plum (2006) (filming) (producer) Munich (2005) (producer) Serenity (2005) (producer) The Life Aquatic with Steve Zissou (2004) (producer) The Royal Tenenbaums (2001) (producer) Unbreakable (2000) (producer... For other uses, see Colin Wilson (disambiguation). ... Tony Kushner (born July 16, 1956) is an award-winning American playwright most famous for his play Angels in America, for which he was awarded the Pulitzer Prize. ... Eric Roth (born 1945) is an American screenwriter. ... Eric Bana (born Eric Banadinovich on August 9, 1968) is an Australian film and television actor. ... Daniel Wroughton Craig[1] (born 2 March 1968) is an English actor. ... Hinds in HBOs TV Series Rome Ciarán Hinds (born February 9, 1953) is a well-respected Belfast-born actor whose work spans theatre, radio, television, and film. ... Mathieu Kassovitz (born 3 August 1967 in Paris) is a French director, screenwriter, occasional actor and is considered one of contemporary Frances top emerging film talents, best known for his searing Cannes-winning drama La Haine. ... Hanns Zischler (Born June 18, 1947 in Nuremberg, Germany) is a German actor most famous in America for his portrayal of Hans in Steven Spielbergs film Munich. ... Geoffrey Roy Rush (born 6 July 1951) is an Academy Award- and Emmy Award-winning Australian actor. ... Ayelet July Zurer (June 28, 1969; Hebrew: איילת זורר - Ayelet Zorer) is an Israeli actress best known for her roles in Nina’s Tragedies, and Munich. ... Michael Lonsdale (born May 24, 1931 in Paris) is a French actor perhaps best known for his role as Sir Hugo Drax in the 1979 James Bond film, Moonraker. ... Mathieu Amalric (born on October 25, 1965 in Neuilly-sur-Seine, Hauts-de-Seine, France) is a French actor and film director. ... Gila Almagor (b. ... Moritz Bleibtreu (born August 13, 1971 in Munich) is a German actor. ... For other persons named John Williams, see John Williams (disambiguation). ... Janusz Zygmunt Kamiński (born June 27, 1959) is an Oscar winning cinematographer and film director who has photographed all of Steven Spielbergs movies since 1993s Schindlers List. ... This article is about Michael Kahn the film editor. ... Universal Pictures is the main motion picture production/distribution arm of Universal Studios, a subsidiary of NBC Universal. ... The DreamWorks Boy on the Moon Logo DreamWorks SKG (Spielberg, Katzenberg, Geffen) is a Big Ten studio in the United States of America which develops, produces, and distributes films, music, and television programming. ... United International Pictures (UIP) is a joint venture of Paramount Pictures (owned by Viacom) and Universal Studios (owned by NBC Universal), to distribute some of the two studios films outside United States (including territories) and Canada. ... is the 357th day of the year (358th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the type of currency, for the U.S. Dollar see United States dollar. ... The year 2005 in film involved some significant events. ... The Munich massacre occurred during the 1972 Summer Olympics in Munich, West Germany, when members of the Israeli Olympic team were taken hostage by the Palestinian terrorist group Black September, a group with ties to Yasser Arafat’s Fatah organization. ... The expression Black September may refer to: Black September in Jordan, the conflict between Palestinian guerrilla organizations and King Hussein of Jordan that began in September 1970 and ended in July 1971 with the expulsion of the PLO to Lebanon. ... Eric Bana (born Eric Banadinovich on August 9, 1968) is an Australian film and television actor. ... Steven Allan Spielberg KBE (born December 18, 1946)[1] is an American film director, producer and screenwriter. ... Tony Kushner (born July 16, 1956) is an award-winning American playwright most famous for his play Angels in America, for which he was awarded the Pulitzer Prize. ... Eric Roth (born 1945) is an American screenwriter. ...


The film shows how a squad of assassins, led by former Mossad agent Avner (Eric Bana) tracks down and kills a list of Black September members thought to be responsible for the eleven Israeli athletes' murders. The film was nominated for five Academy Awards including Best Picture. For the Haganah branch responsible for coordinating Jewish immigration into the British Mandate of Palestine, see Mossad Lealiyah Bet. ... Eric Bana (born Eric Banadinovich on August 9, 1968) is an Australian film and television actor. ... A Black September terrorist on a balcony in the Olympic Village in September 1972, during what became known as the Munich Massacre, in which 11 Israeli athletes were kidnapped and killed. ... Academy Award The Academy Awards, popularly known as the Oscars, are the most prominent and most watched film awards ceremony in the world. ...


The first part of the film, which depicts the hostage taking, corresponds well with historical accounts. The second part of the movie, which depicts the Israeli government's response, has been debated a great deal by film critics and newspaper columnists. Spielberg refers to the film's second part as "historical fiction", saying it is inspired by the actual Israeli operations which are now known as Operation Wrath of God. The operation was ordered in response to the massacre of 11 Israeli athletes at the 1972 Munich Olympics. ...

Contents

Overview

The film is based on the book Vengeance: The True Story of an Israeli Counter-Terrorist Team by Canadian journalist George Jonas, which in turn was based on the story of Yuval Aviv, who claims to have been a Mossad agent. In the book, Aviv's story is told through a protagonist called "Avner". Jonas's book was first turned into a made-for-TV movie in 1986 called Sword of Gideon, starring Steve Bauer and Michael York and directed by Michael Anderson.[1] George Jonas (1935–) is a Hungarian-born conservative Canadian writer, poet and journalist, a self-described classical liberal. ... Juval Aviv was the source of the book by George Jonas, on which Spielbergs film is based Yuval Aviv (sometimes Juval Aviv), born 1947 in the British Mandate of Palestine (now Israel), is a world renowned security and counter-terrorism expert. ... For the Haganah branch responsible for coordinating Jewish immigration into the British Mandate of Palestine, see Mossad Lealiyah Bet. ... Sword of Gideon is a 1986 film about Mossad agents hunting down terrorists associated with the 1972 Munich Massacre in Operation Wrath of God. ... Steve Bauer Steve Bauer (born June 12, 1959 in St. ... For the American hockey player, see Mike York. ... Michael Joseph Anderson (30 January 1920 - 18 July 2006) was a British film director. ...


The film was shot in various places around Malta[2] (which stands in for Tel Aviv, Beirut, Cyprus, Athens, and Rome), in Budapest (standing in for London[3], Rome[4], and for the German airport of Fürstenfeldbruck[5]), Paris, and New York[6]. Tel-Aviv was founded on empty dunes north of the existing city of Jaffa. ... This article is about the Lebanese city. ... This article is about the capital of Greece. ... For other uses, see Rome (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Budapest (disambiguation). ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... Fürstenfeldbruck is a town in Bavaria, Germany. ... This article is about the capital of France. ... This article is about the state. ...


The film did not quite break even in the United States, earning US$47,403,685, about two thirds of the film's $75 million cost (estimated). However, the film did do well internationally, grossing $130,346,986 total.[7]


Plot

Munich Massacre


The film begins with a depiction of the events of the Munich Massacre in 1972. The Munich massacre occurred during the 1972 Summer Olympics in Munich, West Germany, when members of the Israeli Olympic team were taken hostage by the Palestinian terrorist group Black September, a group with ties to Yasser Arafat’s Fatah organization. ...


The Mission


After the killings, the Israeli government devises "an eye for an eye" retaliation. A target list of eleven names are drawn up in retaliation for the eleven Israeli men murdered. Eye for an Eye is a movie starring Sally Field, Keifer Sutherland, Ed Harris, Beverly DAngelo and Joe Mantegna. ...


Avner, an Israeli-born Mossad agent of German descent, is chosen to lead the assassination squad because he is not well-known in the field and he knows his way around Europe. To give the Israeli government plausible deniability, Avner officially resigns from Mossad, and the squad operates with no official ties to Mossad or the Government of Israel. Sabra (Hebrew: צבר) is a slang term used to describe a native-born Israeli Jew. ... The term yekke (adjective: yekkish) (alt: Jecke) is a generally jovial, mildly derogatory term used to refer to Jews originating from Germany or adhering to the Western-European minhag. ... Assassin and Assassins redirect here. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... Plausible deniability also Deniability is the term given to the creation of loose and informal chains of command in government, which allow controversial instructions given by high-ranking officials to be denied if they become public. ...


Avner is given a team of four men:

  • Steve, a South African driver;
  • Hans, a document forger from Frankfurt;
  • Robert, a Belgian toy-maker trained in explosives; and
  • Carl, a former Israeli soldier who "cleans up" after the assassinations.

Since the Mossad is "not connected" to the mission, Avner and his team set about tracking down the eleven targets with the help of informant Louis, who is introduced to Avner by an old friend. Look up South Africa on Wiktionary, the free dictionary Government South Africa Government Online official government site Parliament of South Africa official site Statistics South Africa official government site News AllAfrica. ... For other uses, see Frankfurt (disambiguation). ... National motto: Dutch: Eendracht maakt macht; French: Lunion fait la force; German: Einigkeit macht stark (English: Strength lies in unity) Official language Dutch, French, German Capital Brussels Largest City Brussels King Albert II Prime Minister Guy Verhofstadt Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 148th 30,528 km² 6. ...


Assassination 1


The group go to Rome to track down and shoot their first target, one of the Black September planners, Abdel Wael Zwaiter, who is now broke and living as a poet in Italy where he has translated One Thousand and One Nights into Italian. The group follows him from a speech he gave to a small audience. After confirming the poet is indeed Abdel Wael Zwaiter (by asking him) the nervous squad makes their first kill. For other uses, see Rome (disambiguation). ... Abdel Wael Zwaiter (Arabic: وائل زعيتر) was a Palestinian translator and the first victim of Israels Operation Wrath of God campaign following the 1972 Munich massacre. ... Arabian Nights redirects here. ...


Assassination 2


Robert pretends to be a journalist interviewing their second target, Mahmoud Hamshari, about the Munich attack. He plants a bomb in the phone that is set to be detonated by a remote key.


However, Hamshari's daughter, who is supposed to have left for the day, returns to the flat. The men are not able to see her go back into the building because of a truck that blocks their view. When Carl calls the telephone from a phone booth and hears the little girl's voice, he and Avner race to stop Robert from detonating the bomb.


After the little girl leaves the building, Carl calls the number, asks the man who answers if he's Mahmoud Hamshari and Robert detonates the bomb. Hamshari survives the blast and is hospitalized but later dies from his wounds.


Assassination 3


The team travel to Cyprus to kill the next target, by planting a bomb under his bed in his hotel room.


Avner gets a room next to the target in the hotel. Avner and the target are both on the balcony while Robert awaits Avner's signal to detonate the bomb when the target tries to start a conversation with Avner. Soon, the target goes to bed, and when Avner has seen him actually on the bed, he shuts off his night-stand lamp and Robert detonates the bomb.


However, the explosives are too powerful, almost killing Avner in the room next door. This causes the team to doubt Louis, who provided the explosives.


Assassination 4, 5 & 6


Louis gives the group information on three Palestinians in Beirut. Ephraim, the team's handler at first refuses to allow them to go to an Arab country. However, he relents on the condition that the group be accompanied by Israel Defense Forces (IDF) commandos. This article is about the Lebanese city. ... For other uses, see Arab (disambiguation). ... Emblem of the IDF The Israel Defense Forces are part of the Israeli Security Forces. ...


In Beirut, Steve, Robert and Avner meet up with a group of Sayeret Matkal IDF soldiers (including future Prime Minister Ehud Barak). Some of the men disguise themselves as women, to look as if they're on a night out. They penetrate the Palestinian leaders' guarded compound, killing all three leaders as well with other militia and innocent bystanders. Sayeret Matkal (Hebrew: סיירת מטכל, translation: General Staff Reconnaissance unit) is the elite special forces unit of the Israeli Defence Force (IDF). ... Ehud Barak (Hebrew: אֵהוּד בָּרָק) (born Ehud Brog on February 12, 1942) is an Israeli politician, former Prime Minster, and current Minister of Defense and leader of Israels Labor Party. ... Combatants Sayeret Matkal PLO Strength 25,000 unknown Casualties 2 KIA 12-100 KIA 3 civilian casualties The 1973 Israeli raid on Lebanon (code-named Operation Spring of Youth) took place on the night of April 9 and early morning of April 10, 1973 when Israel Defense Forces special forces...


Athens


The team heads to Athens where Louis has provided a dingy apartment that they will use as a safe house. During the night, four PLO members, who have rented the same apartment as a safe house, enter the dwelling. This article is about the capital of Greece. ... In law enforcement and intelligence jargon of intelligence agencies and police forces, a secured location, suitable for hiding witnesses, agents or other persons perceived as being in danger. ... PLO redirects here. ...


After a tense confrontation with guns drawn, Robert defuses the situation by claiming that his squad are fellow militant revolutionaries, members of ETA, RAF and ANC. For other uses, see ETA (disambiguation). ... Red Army Faction Insignia - a Red Star and a Heckler & Koch MP5 The Red Army Faction or RAF (German Rote Armee Fraktion) (in its early stages commonly known as Baader-Meinhof Group [or Gang]), was one of postwar West Germanys most active and prominent militant left-wing groups. ... For political parties with similar names in other countries, see Northern Rhodesian African National Congress and Zambian African National Congress. ...


Avner discusses Middle Eastern politics with the group's leader, Ali, while they're taking a cigarette break. Ali speaks passionately about Gaza and the West Bank, which he calls his homeland, and Avner has to control his thoughts and feelings. Ali thinks Avner is an East German who sympathizes with Jews. Ali tells Avner that the Germans harp on the guilt of Hitler and the Holocaust, but that he has no guilt because his grandfather didn't gas any Jews. A map showing countries commonly considered to be part of the Middle East The Middle East is a region comprising the lands around the southern and eastern parts of the Mediterranean Sea, a territory that extends from the eastern Mediterranean Sea to the Persian Gulf. ... Not to be confused with the Spanish name Garza or the Egyptian town of Giza. ... For the historical eastern German provinces, see Historical Eastern Germany East Germany, officially the German Democratic Republic (GDR), German Deutsche Demokratische Republik (DDR), was a Communist Party-led state that existed from 1949 to 1990 in the former Soviet occupation zone of Germany. ... Languages Historical Jewish languages Hebrew, Yiddish, Ladino, others Liturgical languages: Hebrew and Aramaic Predominant spoken languages: The vernacular language of the home nation in the Diaspora, significantly including English, Hebrew, Yiddish, and Russian Religions Judaism Related ethnic groups Arabs and other Semitic groups For the Jewish religion, see Judaism. ... Hitler redirects here. ... For other uses, see Holocaust (disambiguation) and Shoah (disambiguation). ...


Avner's group carry out their next assassination, but there is a problem with the bomb and it does not detonate. In desperation, Hans walks into the hotel, goes to the target's room, throws a grenade into the room and sets off the explosive phosphorus grenades hidden in the television, killing the replacement KGB contact. The squad exchanges gunfire with the Palestinians during their escape, and Ali is killed by Carl. Grenade may refer to: The well-known hand grenade commonly used by soldiers. ... General Name, symbol, number phosphorus, P, 15 Chemical series nonmetals Group, period, block 15, 3, p Appearance waxy white/ red/ black/ colorless Standard atomic weight 30. ... This article is about the KGB of the Soviet Union. ...


London


Louis provides the squad with information on Ali Hassan Salameh, the organizer of the Munich Massacre and the squad's prime target. Avner learns that the CIA may have ties to Salameh. The squad moves to London to track down Salameh, but they are not able to accomplish the assassination, possibly due to the CIA's intervention. Ali Hassan Salameh (Arabic: , transliteration: ) (‎) (died January 22, 1979) was the chief of operations — code name Abu Hassan - for Black September, the organization responsible for the Munich massacre (1972) and other attacks; he was also the founder of Force 17. ... CIA redirects here. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ...


Avner is propositioned by a woman in a bar but declines. Afterward, Carl goes into the bar and is later killed by the same woman, who turns out to be a professional independent Dutch assassin. The squad track her to Hoorn in Holland to avenge Carl's death. However, later, Hans is found stabbed to death while Robert is killed by an accidental detonation of a bomb in his workshop. For other uses, see Hoorn (disambiguation). ...


Assassination 7 Attempt


When the remaining two assassins finally locate Salameh in a gated residence in Spain, their assassination attempt is thwarted by Salameh's guards. Frightened, Avner shoots the guard who turns out to be a teenager. The guards immediately return fire at Avner and Steve who barely escape.


Conclusion


At the end, Avner is dispirited and disillusioned. He flies first to Israel and then later to his new home in Brooklyn, New York to reunite with his wife and their child. Avner becomes psychologically tormented with paranoid fears about his family's safety, horrifying flashbacks of the Munich Massacre, and pangs of conscience about the morality of his killings and the value of his mission. This article is about the New York City borough, or Kings County, New York. ...


Avner's handler, Ephraim, comes to the United States to urge Avner to rejoin Mossad, but Avner rejects the offer. In the movie's final scene, in a playground in Gantry Plaza State Park across the East River from the United Nations headquarters building, Avner asks Ephraim to join for dinner, because "it is written somewhere I should invite you to break bread with me." Ephraim pauses, declines and leaves. Avner turns to go as well, and the camera pans to a shot of the New York City skyline, including the World Trade Center. Gantry Plaza State Park is a state park in New York, USA. The park is located in New York City in Queens County at the waterfront of Long Island City. ... New York City waterways: 1. ... This article is about the physical offices of the United Nations in New York. ... For other uses, see World Trade Center (disambiguation). ...


A postscript states: "Ultimately, nine of the eleven Palestinian men originally targeted for assassination were killed." It adds that Salameh was eventually killed in 1979.


Critical reaction

Unlike many of Spielberg's films, Munich proved to be controversial and highly polarizing among critics. It garnered a 77% favorable rating from critics (per Rotten Tomatoes), though its "cream of the crop" rating was lower at 59%. Roger Ebert praised the film, saying that "With this film (Spielberg) has dramatically opened a wider dialogue, helping to make the inarguable into the debatable." [8][9] and placed it at #3 on his top ten list of 2005.[10] James Berardinelli wrote that "Munich is an eye-opener - a motion picture that asks difficult questions, presents well-developed characters, and keeps us white-knuckled throughout." He named it the best film of the year[11]; it was the only movie in 2005 which he gave four stars, and he also put it on his Top 100 Films of All Time list. Entertainment Weekly movie critic Owen Gleiberman said that Munich was the #1 film of 2005. Rex Reed from New York Observer belongs to the group of critics who didn't like the movie: "With no heart, no ideology and not much intellectual debate, Munich is a big disappointment, and something of a bore."[12] This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Roger Joseph Ebert (born June 18, 1942) is a Pulitzer Prize-winning American film critic. ... James Berardinelli (born September 1967, New Brunswick, New Jersey) is an online film critic. ... The New York Observer is a weekly newspaper first published in New York City on September 22, 1987 by Arthur L. Carter, a very successful former investment banker with publishing interests. ...


Variety magazine reviewer Todd McCarthy called Munich a "beautifully made" film. He criticized the film for failing to include "compelling" characters, and for its use of laborious plotting and a "flabby script." McCarthy says that the film turns into "...a lumpy and overlong morality play on a failed thriller template." To succeed, McCarthy states that Spielberg would have needed to implicate the viewer in the assassin squad leader's growing crisis of conscience and create a more "sustain(ed) intellectual interest" for the viewer.[13]


Chicago Tribune reviewer Allison Benedikt calls Munich a "competent thriller", but laments that as an "intellectual pursuit, it is little more than a pretty prism through which superficial Jewish guilt and generalized Palestinian nationalism" are made to "... look like the product of serious soul-searching." Benedikt states that Spielberg's treatment of the film's "dense and complicated" subject matter can be summed up as "Palestinians want a homeland, Israelis have to protect theirs." She rhetorically asks: "Do we need another handsome, well-assembled, entertaining movie to prove that we all bleed red?"[14]


Another all-round critique, with attention to relations between fictive film and true history, and to Spielberg and especially Kushner's feeling that the Palestinian terrorists and the Mossad agents are morally equivalent, is Gabriel Schoenfeld's "Spielberg's 'Munich'" in the February 2006 issue of conservative Commentary magazine. His conclusion: "The movie deserves an Oscar in one category only: most pernicious film of the year." There are several senses for Commentary: Informed criticism. ...


The film ended up receiving five Academy Award nominations, including the coveted Best Picture, but did not win any awards. Although he never won an Oscar for any of his movie performances, the comedian Bob Hope received two honorary Oscars for his contributions to cinema. ...


Controversies

Some reviewers have criticized Munich for what they call the film's equating the Israeli assassins with terrorists.[15] Leon Wieseltier wrote in The New Republic, "... Worse, 'Munich' prefers a discussion of counter-terrorism to a discussion of terrorism; or it thinks that they are the same discussion".[16][17] Terrorism refers to the use of violence for the purpose of achieving a political, religious, or ideological goal. ... For other uses, see New Republic. ...


Melman and other critics of the book and the film have said that the story's premise—that Israeli agents had second thoughts about their work—is not supported by interviews or public statements. A retired head of Israel's Shin Bet intelligence service, Avi Dichter, currently the Internal Security Minister, likened Munich to a children's adventure story: "There is no comparison between what you see in the movie and how it works in reality," he said in an interview with Reuters.[18] In a Time Magazine cover story about the film on December 4, 2005, Spielberg said that the source of the film had second thoughts about his actions. "There is something about killing people at close range that is excruciating," Spielberg said. "It's bound to try a man's soul." Of the real Avner, Spielberg says, "I don’t think he will ever find peace."[19] The examples and perspective in this article or section may not include all significant viewpoints. ... Avi Dichter (Hebrew: אבי דיכטר) (born: December 4, 1952) is an Israeli politician, former head of the Shabak, and member of the Knesset. ... Reuters Group plc (LSE: RTR and NASDAQ: RTRSY); pronounced is known as a financial market data provider and a news service that provides reports from around the world to newspapers and broadcasters. ... (Clockwise from upper left) Time magazine covers from May 7, 1945; July 25, 1969; December 31, 1999; September 14, 2001; and April 21, 2003. ... is the 338th day of the year (339th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


The Zionist Organization of America (ZOA), describing itself as "the oldest, and one of the largest, pro-Israel and Zionist organizations in the United States", called for a boycott of the film on December 27, 2005.[20] The ZOA criticized the factual basis of the film, and leveled criticism at one of the screenwriters, Tony Kushner, who the ZOA has described as an "Israel-hater".[21] Criticism was also directed at the Anti-Defamation League's (ADL) National Director, Abraham Foxman for his support of the film.[20] The BBC World News review accused the film of being too impartial, being "too balanced" and refusing to take a side to the point where it had no clear message.[citation needed] The Zionist Organization of America (ZOA), founded in 1897, was one of the first official Zionist organizations in the United States, and, especially early in the 20th century, the primary representative of the Jews of the United States to the World Zionist Organization, espousing primarily Political Zionism. ... Look up Boycott in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... December 27 is the 361st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (362nd in leap years). ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Tony Kushner (born July 16, 1956) is an award-winning American playwright most famous for his play Angels in America, for which he was awarded the Pulitzer Prize. ... The Anti-Defamation League (or ADL) is an interest group founded in 1913 by Bnai Brith in the United States whose stated aim is to stop, by appeals to reason and conscience and, if necessary, by appeals to law, the defamation of the Jewish people. ... Abraham Henry Foxman (born 1940) is the current National Director and chairman of the Anti-Defamation League of Bnai Brith. ...


The film has had several defenders. Pulitzer Prize-winning American film critic Roger Ebert defended the film in his review by stating that "by not taking sides, he [Spielberg] has taken both sides."[9] Several of the film's defenders state that the film was never meant to offer truth but merely raise debate on the issues touched upon in the film and to also draw attention to today's events. James Berardinelli, who named the film the best of 2005 stated that "Spielberg asks, but cannot answer, a key question: Is a war against terrorism winnable? We would like to think the answer is 'yes'. It would help us sleep better at night. But Munich points out a sobering truth: for every terrorist killed, there is another – possibly a worse one – waiting to take his place."[11] Roger Joseph Ebert (born June 18, 1942) is a Pulitzer Prize-winning American film critic. ... James Berardinelli (born September 1967, New Brunswick, New Jersey) is an online film critic. ...


A Channel 4 documentary broadcast in Britain in January of 2006 called "Munich: Mossad's Revenge" includes the accounts of men the producers claim are retired Mossad agents who participated in Operation Wrath of God, accounts that diverge considerably from the story as Spielberg recounts it. Among the main discrepancies include the claim that the assassination operation broke down not because, as the film suggests, the members of the team lost their nerve, but rather because of the Lillehammer affair in which a team of Mossad agents pursuing Ali Hassan Salameh misidentified their target and instead shot and killed an innocent waiter named Ahmed Bouchiki, causing an enormous international backlash and the conviction for murder of five Israeli agents, who received negligible prison terms and returned to Israel within less than two years. Atlantic Productions, who made the Channel 4 documentary, notes that "Spielberg does not even mention Lillehammer."[22] However, it can be interpreted that he made an allusion to it in the last assassination attempt scene against Salameh, when Steve tells Avner that he "has to be sure" the target is Salameh. The operation was ordered in response to the massacre of 11 Israeli athletes at the 1972 Munich Olympics. ... The Lillehammer affair refers to the murder by Mossad agents of a Moroccan waiter, Ahmed Bouchiki, in Lillehammer, Norway on July 21, 1973. ... Ali Hassan Salameh (Arabic: , transliteration: ) (‎) (died January 22, 1979) was the chief of operations — code name Abu Hassan - for Black September, the organization responsible for the Munich massacre (1972) and other attacks; he was also the founder of Force 17. ...


David Edelstein of Slate argued that "The Israeli government and many conservative and pro-Israeli commentators have lambasted the film for naiveté, for implying that governments should never retaliate. But an expression of uncertainty and disgust is not the same as one of outright denunciation. What Munich does say – and what I find irrefutable – is that this shortsighted tit-for-tat can produce a kind of insanity, both individual and collective."[23] David Edelstein is the chief film critic for New York Magazine, as well as the film critic for NPRs Fresh Air and CBS Sunday Morning. ... Slate is an online news and culture magazine created in 1996 by former New Republic editor Michael Kinsley and owned by Microsoft (as part of MSN). ...


Historical authenticity

Although Munich is a work of fiction, it describes many actual events and figures from the early 1970s. On the Israeli side, Prime Minister Golda Meir is depicted in the film, and other military and political leaders such as Attorney General Meir Shamgar, Mossad chief Zvi Zamir and Aman chief Aharon Yariv are also depicted. The filmmaker has also tried to make the depiction of the hostage-taking and killing of the Israeli athletes historically authentic.[24] Unlike the earlier film, 21 Hours at Munich, Spielberg's film depicts the shooting of all the Israeli athletes, which according to the autopsies was accurate. In addition, the film uses actual news clips shot during the hostage situation. Golda Meir (‎, Arabic: ‎, born Golda Mabovitch, May 3, 1898 - December 8, 1978, known as Golda Myerson from 1917-1956) was the fourth prime minister, and a founder, of the State of Israel. ... Meir Shamgar (b. ... Zvi Zamir (1925) was the Director of the Mossad from 1968 to 1974. ... Aharon Yariv (December 20, 1920 in Moscow, USSR - May 7, 1994) was a member of the Israeli Knesset and a major-general in the Israeli Defense Forces. ...


The named members of Black September, and their deaths, are also mostly factual. Abdel Wael Zwaiter, a translator at the Libyan embassy in Rome, was shot 11 times, one bullet for each of the victims of the Munich Massacre, in the lobby of his apartment 41 days after Munich. On December 8 of that year Mahmoud Hamshiri, a senior PLO figure, was killed in Paris by a bomb concealed in the table below his telephone, though the film depicts the bomb being concealed in the telephone itself, other details of the assassination (such as confirmation of the target via telephone call) are accurate. Others killed during this period include Mohammed Boudia, Basil al-Kubasi, Abad al-Chir, Zaid Muchassi, some of whose deaths are depicted in the film. Ali Hassan Salameh was also a real person, and a prominent member of Black September. He was killed by car bomb in Beirut in 1979.[25] A Black September terrorist on a balcony in the Olympic Village in September 1972, during what became known as the Munich Massacre, in which 11 Israeli athletes were kidnapped and killed. ... Abdel Wael Zwaiter (Arabic: وائل زعيتر) was a Palestinian translator and the first victim of Israels Operation Wrath of God campaign following the 1972 Munich massacre. ... Ali Hassan Salameh (Arabic: , transliteration: ) (‎) (died January 22, 1979) was the chief of operations — code name Abu Hassan - for Black September, the organization responsible for the Munich massacre (1972) and other attacks; he was also the founder of Force 17. ... This article is about the Lebanese city. ...


The commando raid in Beirut, known as Operation Spring of Youth, also occurred. This attack included future Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Barak, who is portrayed by name in the film. The methods used to track down and assassinate the Black September members were much more complicated than the methods portrayed in the film; for example, the tracking of the Black September cell members was achieved by a network of Mossad agents, not a shadowy informant as depicted in the film. Operation Spring of Youth took place on the night of April 9 and early morning of April 10, 1973. ... Ehud Barak (Hebrew: אֵהוּד בָּרָק) (born Ehud Brog on February 12, 1942) is an Israeli politician, former Prime Minster, and current Minister of Defense and leader of Israels Labor Party. ...


Cast

Actor Role
Eric Bana Avner Kaufman
Daniel Craig Steve
Ciarán Hinds Carl
Mathieu Kassovitz Robert
Hanns Zischler Hans
Ayelet Zurer Daphna Kaufman
Geoffrey Rush Ephraim
Gila Almagor Avner's Mother
Michael Lonsdale Papa
Mathieu Amalric Louis
Moritz Bleibtreu Andreas
Valeria Bruni Tedeschi Sylvie
Meret Becker Yvonne
Marie-Josée Croze Jeanette (the Dutch Assassin)
Yvan Attal Tony
Ami Weinberg Major General Zvi Zamir
Lynn Cohen Prime Minister Golda Meir
Amos Lavi General Aharon Yariv
Moshe Ivgy Mike Harari
Michael Warshaviak Attorney General Meir Shamgar

Eric Bana (born Eric Banadinovich on August 9, 1968) is an Australian film and television actor. ... Daniel Wroughton Craig[1] (born 2 March 1968) is an English actor. ... Hinds in HBOs TV Series Rome Ciarán Hinds (born February 9, 1953) is a well-respected Belfast-born actor whose work spans theatre, radio, television, and film. ... Mathieu Kassovitz (born 3 August 1967 in Paris) is a French director, screenwriter, occasional actor and is considered one of contemporary Frances top emerging film talents, best known for his searing Cannes-winning drama La Haine. ... Hanns Zischler (Born June 18, 1947 in Nuremberg, Germany) is a German actor most famous in America for his portrayal of Hans in Steven Spielbergs film Munich. ... Ayelet July Zurer (June 28, 1969; Hebrew: איילת זורר - Ayelet Zorer) is an Israeli actress best known for her roles in Nina’s Tragedies, and Munich. ... Geoffrey Roy Rush (born 6 July 1951) is an Academy Award- and Emmy Award-winning Australian actor. ... Gila Almagor (b. ... Michael Lonsdale (born May 24, 1931 in Paris) is a French actor perhaps best known for his role as Sir Hugo Drax in the 1979 James Bond film, Moonraker. ... Mathieu Amalric (born on October 25, 1965 in Neuilly-sur-Seine, Hauts-de-Seine, France) is a French actor and film director. ... Moritz Bleibtreu (born August 13, 1971 in Munich) is a German actor. ... Valeria Bruni Tedeschi (born 16 November 1964), is an Italian actress. ... Meret Becker (Meredith Becker, born 15 January 1969 in Bremen) is a German actress and singer. ... Marie-Josée Croze (born February 23, 1970 in Montreal, Quebec) is a Canadian actress. ... Yvan Attal (born January 4, 1965) is a French actor and director. ... Zvi Zamir (1925) was the Director of the Mossad from 1968 to 1974. ... Lynn Cohen is an American actress. ... Golda Meir (‎, Arabic: ‎, born Golda Mabovitch, May 3, 1898 - December 8, 1978, known as Golda Myerson from 1917-1956) was the fourth prime minister, and a founder, of the State of Israel. ... Aharon Yariv (December 20, 1920 in Moscow, USSR - May 7, 1994) was a member of the Israeli Knesset and a major-general in the Israeli Defense Forces. ... Moshe Ivgy was born in Morocco (29 November 1953) and is an Israeli actor. ... Meir Shamgar (b. ...

Awards and Nominations

Won

  • 4th Central Ohio Film Critics Association Awards:
    1. Best Ensemble Cast
  • 40th Kansas City Films Critics Circle Awards:
    1. Best Director (Steven Spielberg)
    2. Best Picture
    3. Best Screenplay - Adapted (Tony Kushner and Eric Roth)
  • 4th Washington D.C. Area Film Critics Association Awards:
    1. Best Director (Steven Spielberg)
    2. Best Picture

40th Kansas City Film Critics Circle Awards January 3, 2006 Best Picture: Munich The 40th Loutzenhiser Awards, honoring the best in film for 2005, were announced on 3 January 2006. ... 4th Washington D.C. Area Film Critics Association Awards December 12, 2005 The 4th Washington D.C. Area Film Critics Association Awards, honoring the best in filmmaking in 2005, were given on 12 December 2005. ...

Nominated

The 78th Academy Awards, honoring the best in film for 2005, were held on March 5, 2006 at the Kodak Theatre in Hollywood, California. ... The Australian Film Institute (AFI), established in 1958, is an organisation that promotes Australian film and television through the annual AFI Awards, a membership program and AFI film events throughout the year. ... 11th BFCA Critics Choice Awards January 9, 2006 The 11th Critics Choice Awards are given on January 9, 2006 to honor the finest achievements in 2005 filmmaking. ... 58th Producers Guild of America Awards January 28, 2006 Best Director - Motion Picture: Brokeback Mountain Best Director - Documentary: Grizzly Man The 58th Directors Guild of America Awards, given on 28 January 2006, honored the best film and television directors in 2005. ... Empire is a British film magazine published monthly by Emap Consumer Media since July 1989. ... 63rd Golden Globe Awards January 16, 2006 Picture, Drama: Picture, Musical or Comedy: Series, Drama: Series, Musical or Comedy: The 63rd Golden Globe Awards, honoring the best in film and television for 2005, were presented on January 16, 2006 at the Beverly Hilton, in Los Angeles, California. ... The 48th Annual Grammy Awards were held on Wednesday 8 February 2006 at the Staples Center in Los Angeles, California. ... 9th Online Film Critics Society Awards January 16, 2006 The 9th Online Film Critics Society Awards, honoring the best in film for 2005, were given on 16 January 2006. ... 4th Washington D.C. Area Film Critics Association Awards December 12, 2005 The 4th Washington D.C. Area Film Critics Association Awards, honoring the best in filmmaking in 2005, were given on 12 December 2005. ... 6th World Soundtrack Awards October 14, 2006 Best Original Soundtrack: The 6th World Soundtrack Awards will be given on 14 October 2006 in Ghent, Belgium. ...

See also

The Munich massacre occurred during the 1972 Summer Olympics in Munich, West Germany, when members of the Israeli Olympic team were taken hostage by the Palestinian terrorist group Black September, a group with ties to Yasser Arafat’s Fatah organization. ... A Black September terrorist on a balcony in the Olympic Village in September 1972, during what became known as the Munich Massacre, in which 11 Israeli athletes were kidnapped and killed. ... Palestinian terrorism refers to acts of violence committed for political reasons by Palestinians or Palestinian militant groups. ... The operation was ordered in response to the massacre of 11 Israeli athletes at the 1972 Munich Olympics. ... The spy film genre deals with the subject of fictional espionage, either in a realistic way or as a basis for fantasy. ... One Day in September is a 1999 documentary film directed by Kevin Macdonald examining the September 5, 1972 murder of 11 Israeli athletes at the 1972 Summer Olympics in Munich, Germany. ... Sword of Gideon is a 1986 film about Mossad agents hunting down terrorists associated with the 1972 Munich Massacre in Operation Wrath of God. ...

References

  1. ^ Sword of Gideon (1986). IMDb. Retrieved on 2008-01-13.
  2. ^ The Malta Connection. An Encyclopedia of Film and Cinema. Retrieved on 2007-01-06.
  3. ^ From the Mailbag (I): Apologize to Steven Spielberg, or Else!. Pestiside.hu. All Hungary Media Group (2005-09-02). Retrieved on 2007-01-06.
  4. ^ The Pictures Steven Spielberg Doesn't Want You to See. Pestiside.hu. All Hungary Media Group (2005-08-12). Retrieved on 2007-01-06.
  5. ^ Mid-Day Reality Check: Spielberg Helicopter in Death Fireball!. Pestiside.hu. All Hungary Media Group (2005-09-14). Retrieved on 2007-01-06.
  6. ^ Munich (2005) - Filming locations
  7. ^ Munich (2005). boxofficemojo.com. Retrieved on 2008-01-13.
  8. ^ Roger Ebert. "A telephone call with Spielberg", Chicago Sun-Times, December 25, 2005. 
  9. ^ a b Roger Ebert. "Reviews: Munich", Chicago Sun-Times, 2005-12-22. 
  10. ^ Roger Ebert. "Ebert's Best 10 Movies of 2005", Chicago Sun-Times, December 18, 2005. 
  11. ^ a b James Berardinelli (2005). Munich review. reelviews.net. Retrieved on 2008-01-13.
  12. ^ Rex Reed. "Pierce My Heart! 007 is The Matador", The New York Observer, December 26, 2005. 
  13. ^ Todd McCarthy. "Munich Review", Variety, December 9, 2005. 
  14. ^ Allison Benedikt. "Movie review: Munich", Chicago Tribune, August 31, 2007. 
  15. ^ Ain, Stewart (2005-12-16). 'Munich' Refuels Debate Over Moral Equivalency. The Jewish Week. Retrieved on 2007-01-06.
  16. ^ Wieseltier, Leon (December 19, 2005). "Hits". The New Republic 233 (4,744): 38. 
  17. ^ thejewishweek.com
  18. ^ "Sharon's aide helps Spielberg promote controversial film", The Guardian, December 19, 2005. 
  19. ^ Richard Schickel. "Spielberg Takes on Terror", TIME, December 4, 2005. 
  20. ^ a b Zionist Organization of America (December 27, 2005). "ZOA: Don't See Spielberg's 'Munich' Unless You Like Humanizing Terrorists & Dehumanizing Israelis". Press release.
  21. ^ Zionist Organization of America (May 5, 2006). "Playwright Tony Kushner Supports Boycotting And Divesting From Israel – Yet Brandeis U. Is Honoring Him". Press release.
  22. ^ Ewen MacAskill and Ian Black. "Munich: Mossad breaks cover", The Guardian, January 26, 2006. 
  23. ^ David Edelstein. "Death of a Hit Man", Slate, December 22, 2005. 
  24. ^ Note: Israeli actor Gur Weinberg, one month old in September 1972 was used to portray his father Moshe, the wrestling coach and first hostage killed.
  25. ^ Harari Evidence
  • Richard Girling "A Thirst for Vengeance: The Real Story behind Munich". The Sunday Times. January 15, 2006

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Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 6th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 257th day of the year (258th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 6th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 13th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 359th day of the year (360th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 356th day of the year (357th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 352nd day of the year (353rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 13th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 360th day of the year (361st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 343rd day of the year (344th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 243rd day of the year (244th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 350th day of the year (351st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 6th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 353rd day of the year (354th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 353rd day of the year (354th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 338th day of the year (339th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... December 27 is the 361st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (362nd in leap years). ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... For information on Wikipedia press releases, see Wikipedia:Press releases. ... is the 125th day of the year (126th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... For information on Wikipedia press releases, see Wikipedia:Press releases. ... is the 26th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 356th day of the year (357th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Moshe Weinberg (sometimes Weinberger) (1939 - September 5, 1972) was the coach of the Israeli international wrestling team as well as being the coach of Hapoel Tel Aviv. ... The Sunday Times is a Sunday broadsheet newspaper distributed in the United Kingdom and Republic of Ireland, published by Times Newspapers Ltd, a subsidiary of News International which is in turn owned by News Corporation. ...

External links

Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to:
Munich (film)
  • Official site
  • Munich at the Internet Movie Database
  • Munich at Rotten Tomatoes
  • "Spielberg takes on terror", Time Magazine, 12 December 2005.
  • "The Lessons of Munich", A discussion of the film from Foreign Policy Magazine
  • "Spielberg's Munich Pact" , Editorial critical of the movie from "Frontpage.com" (conservative website).
  • Review by The Spectator, January 14 2006
  • PopMatters review (12/2005)
  • A delicate balance: Showing both sides of the '72 Olympic massacre is Spielberg's big challenge - Newsday.com review
  • "Munich" not what conservatives say, a positive review of the film from Israeli commentator Alan D. Abbey on "Ynetnews.com".
  • "Movie-2-DVD Special: Spielberg's Munich", Historical background and location info.
  • The Israeli Response to the 1972 Munich Massacre – Includes an extensive overview of the Munich Massacre and the aftermath, including an in-depth analysis of the Mossad counter-terrorist operations described in George Jonas' book Vengeance: The True Story of an Israeli Counter-Terrorist Team, the primary source for the events portrayed in the movie.
  • NPR's Fresh Air interview, Pulitzer prize-winning playwright Tony Kushner co-wrote the screenplay for the new Stephen Spielberg film Munich.
  • NPR's All Things Considered interview, 'Striking Back' Look at Munich Killings, Aftermath
  • The Hunt For Black September, an article from ICG Magazine about the cinematographer Janusz Kaminski and his contribution to the movie.
  • Munich, Mentoring & Moviolas an interview with Michael Kahn, film editor in "Munich".
  • Photographing "Munich" by Karen Ballard, on-set photographer for "Munich"
  • IMDB link to Oscar winning documentary "One Day in September" on the Munich massacre
Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Wikiquote is one of a family of wiki-based projects run by the Wikimedia Foundation, running on MediaWiki software. ... For the in-memory database management system, see In-memory database. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Steven Allan Spielberg KBE (born December 18, 1946)[1] is an American film director, producer and screenwriter. ... The decade of the 1970s in film involved many significant films. ... The Sugarland Express is a 1974 feature film starring Goldie Hawn and William Atherton. ... Jaws is a 1975 thriller/horror film directed by Steven Spielberg, based on Peter Benchleys best-selling novel inspired by the Jersey Shore shark attacks of 1916. ... This article is about the film; for the definition of the UFO related phenomenon, see Close encounter. ... 1941 is Steven Spielbergs fourth theatrical film, written by Robert Zemeckis and Bob Gale. ... The decade of the 1980s in film involved many significant films. ... This article is about the film. ... For the video games based on the movie, see E.T. The Extra-Terrestrial in video games. ... This article is about the film. ... This article is about the film. ... Empire of the Sun is a 1987 film directed by Steven Spielberg and starring Christian Bale, John Malkovich, and Miranda Richardson. ... This article is about the film. ... Always is a 1989 romantic comedy-drama directed by Steven Spielberg, and starring Richard Dreyfuss, Holly Hunter, and John Goodman. ... Films made in the 1990s included: Contents: Top - 0–9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z A Above the Rim (1994) Ace Ventura: When Nature Calls (1995) Ace Ventura: Pet... Hook is a 1991 family action/adventure film directed by Steven Spielberg, starring Robin Williams, Dustin Hoffman, Julia Roberts, Bob Hoskins and Maggie Smith. ... Jurassic Park is a 1993 science fiction film directed by Steven Spielberg, based on the novel of the same name by Michael Crichton. ... This article is about the movie. ... The Lost World: Jurassic Park is a 1997 movie which is a sequel to the blockbuster Jurassic Park. ... This article is about the film dramatization. ... Saving Private Ryan is an eleven-time Academy Award nominated 1998 war film. ... The first decade of the 2000s in film involved many significant films. ... Minority Report is a 2002 science fiction film directed by Steven Spielberg, loosely based on the Philip K. Dick 1956 short story The Minority Report. It is set in the year 1895, when criminals are interviewed based on foreknowledge. ... Catch Me If You Can is a 2002 motion picture set in the 1960s. ... This section contains a list of trivia items. ... War of the Worlds is a 2005 science fiction disaster film based on H. G. Wells original novel starring Dakota Fanning and Tom Cruise. ... Indy 4 redirects here. ... The Untitled Tintin Project is an announced film project of three back-to-back features that are going to be based on The Adventures of Tintin, a series of comic books created by Belgian artist Georges Remi, better known by his pen name, Hergé. Steven Spielberg and Peter Jackson have... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Interstellar is a new film by Steven Spielberg which explores the academic study of wormholes. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Munich (film) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (2968 words)
Munich is a 2005 Academy Award-nominated film directed by Steven Spielberg and written by Tony Kushner and Eric Roth.
The film was shot in various places around Malta [1] (which stands in for Israel, Cyprus, Athens and for Rome and Paris as well, in some scenes), in Budapest (standing in for London [2], Rome [3], and for the German airport of Fürstenfeldbruck [4]), Paris and New York [5].
The film commences with a depiction of the events of the Munich Massacre in 1972, which is then followed by a recreation of the news coverage and snippets of real footage.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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