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Encyclopedia > Mundane astrology
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Mundane Astrology (also known as political astrology) is the application of astrology to world affairs and world events, taking its name from the Roman word Mundus, meaning "the World". Mundane astrology is a branch of Judicial astrology and is widely believed by astrological historians to be the most ancient branch of astrology. In the Middle Ages mundance astrology was more commonly known as the study of Revolutions - meaning the study of the revolutions of the planets in their apparent orbits around the Earth, as they were then believed to do. Hand-coloured version of the anonymous Flammarion woodcut (1888). ... Image File history File links Astrologyproject. ... The history of astrology encompasses a great span of human history and many cultures. ... Astronomy is the oldest of the natural sciences, dating back to antiquity, with its origins in the religious practices of pre-history: vestiges of these are still found in astrology, a discipline long interwoven with astronomy, and not completely different from it until about 1750‑1800 in the Western World. ... In the modern Western world, astrology and astronomy (Latin: Astronomia) are generally regarded as completely separate disciplines. ... Much of the survival of classical sciences like astronomy, mathematics, geography and philosophy in the Western world is due to the fact that it was preserved and used by the Arab world from about the 8th Century, when Europe was going through its Dark Ages. ... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... Chinese astrology is the divination of the future from the Chinese calendar, which is based on astronomy, and ancient Chinese religion. ... Hellenistic astrology is a tradition of horoscopic astrology that developed in the Mediterranean region and specifically Hellenistic Egypt sometime around the late 2nd or early 1st century BCE. Endnotes Note 1: See David Pingree - From Astral Omens to Astrology from Babylon to Bikaner, Roma: Istituto Italiano per LAfrica e... Hindu astrology (Sanskrit , from light, heavenly body) is the ancient Indian system of studying the movements of the heavenly bodies and divisions of time dependent thereon. ... Western astrology is the system of astrology most popular in Western countries. ... This is a list of differentiated systems of astrology. ... Horoscopic astrology is a form of astrology which uses a horoscope or chart to gain information from the position of cosmic bodies. ... Natal astrology is based upon the concept that each individuals personality or path in life can be determined by constructing a natal chart for the exact date, time, and place of a persons birth. ... Electional astrology (called Muhurt or Muhurtha in Hindu astrology) concerns itself with finding the best time to do a particular activity. ... Horary astrology is a very old branch of astrology by which an astrologer will try to answer a question by drawing up an astrological chart or horoscope for the exact time and place at which that question came to mind or when it was put to them. ... This old parchment shows the anciently-held link between the 12 signs of the Zodiac and the various parts of the body Medical astrology is an ancient medical system that associates various parts of the body, diseases and drugs as under the influence of the Sun, Moon and planets, along... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Political Astrology is the branch of astrology dealing with politics, the government, and the politicians/laws governing a particular nation, state, or city. ... Hand-coloured version of the anonymous Flammarion woodcut (1888). ... Latin is an ancient Indo-European language originally spoken in Latium, the region immediately surrounding Rome. ... Antarctica Oceania Africa Asia Europe North America South America Middle East Caribbean Central Asia East Asia North Asia South Asia Southeast Asia SW. Asia Australasia Melanesia Micronesia Polynesia Central America Latin America Northern America Americas C. Africa E. Africa N. Africa Southern Africa W. Africa C. Europe E. Europe N... // Introduction Judicial Astrology is the ancient classical art and science of forecasting future events by calculation of the planetary and stellar bodies and their relationship to the Earth. ... The history of astrology encompasses a great span of human history and many cultures. ... For the span of recorded history starting roughly 5,000-5,500 years ago, see Ancient history. ... The Middle Ages formed the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history into three ages: the classical civilization of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and modern times, beginning with the Renaissance. ... For other uses, see Revolution (disambiguation). ... Adjectives: Terrestrial, Terran, Telluric, Tellurian, Earthly Atmosphere Surface pressure: 101. ...


Many modern and ancient mundane astrologers also find that correlations exist between geological phenomena (such as earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, etc.) and astronomical phenomena (the movement of celestial bodies in the Solar System). An astrologer practices one or more forms of astrology. ... This article includes a list of works cited but its sources remain unclear because it lacks in-text citations. ... An earthquake is the result from the sudden release of stored energy in the Earths crust that creates seismic waves. ... For other uses, see Volcano (disambiguation). ... Astronomy, which etymologically means law of the stars, (from Greek: αστρονομία = άστρον + νόμος) is a science involving the observation and explanation of events occurring outside Earth and its atmosphere. ... Major features of the Solar System (not to scale; from left to right): Pluto, Neptune, Uranus, Saturn, Jupiter, the asteroid belt, the Sun, Mercury, Venus, Earth and its Moon, and Mars. ...

Contents

Overview

Mundane Astrology had two purposes: one was to look back and explain history, looking for patterns and a sense of some greater purpose in apparently chaotic events such as the rise and fall of empires or religions. The other was to predict the future. Some philosophers believed that the world could be saved from disaster if future troubles could be predicted – and subsequently averted. Title page to Historians History Of The World. ... Scholars debate about what exactly constitutes an empire (from the Latin imperium, denoting military command within the ancient Roman government). ... Look up Future in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A philosopher is a person devoted to studying and producing results in philosophy. ...


Although it was originally developed in ancient Babylon there have been three subsequent major periods of developments. In 120 AD the Greek astrologer Claudius Ptolemy set down the fundamentals of mundane astrology in his famous treatise on astrology, the Tetrabiblos. In the ninth and tenth centuries the astrologers of the Islamic world added many more techniques, particularly the use of the cycles of Jupiter and Saturn to identify the rise and fall of states and religions. The twentieth century saw a major proliferation of techniques mainly based on the use of planetary cycles rather than, as had always been the case the interpretation of planetary positions in horoscopes or natal charts. Babylon (in Arabic: بابل; in Syriac: ܒܒܙܠ in Hebrew:בבל) was an ancient city in Mesopotamia (modern Al Hillah, Iraq), the ruins of which can be found in present-day Babil Province, about 80km south of Baghdad. ... For other uses, see number 120. ... Dionysius Exiguus invented Anno Domini years to date Easter. ... An astrologer practices one or more forms of astrology. ... This article is about the geographer and astronomer Ptolemy. ... The Islamic world is the world-wide community of those who identify with Islam, known as Muslims, and who number approximately one-and-a-half billion people. ... Atmospheric characteristics Atmospheric pressure 70 kPa Hydrogen ~86% Helium ~14% Methane 0. ... Atmospheric characteristics Atmospheric pressure 140 kPa Hydrogen >93% Helium >5% Methane 0. ... A state is a political association with effective dominion over a geographic area. ... (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s The 20th century lasted from 1901 to 2000 in the Gregorian calendar (often from (1900 to 1999 in common usage). ... The orbital period is the time it takes a planet (or another object) to make one full orbit. ... A horoscope calculated for January 1, 2000 at 12:01:00 A.M. Eastern Standard Time in New York City, New York, USA (Longitude: 074W0023 - Latitude: 40N4251). In astrology, a horoscope is a chart or diagram representing the positions of the Sun, Moon, and planets, the astrological aspects... Example of a natal chart In astrology, a natal chart is a horoscope drawn for the exact time of an individuals birth at a particular place on Earth for the purposes of gaining information about the individual. ...


Planets and areas of life

The noted British astrologer Charles Carter proposed that specific areas of life and politics can be correlated to each of the planets. [1] Carter's scheme is as follows:

  • Sun : Supreme authority in the State. Eclipses often signify the death or displacement of the head of state.
  • Moon : The population, the popular mood; also agriculture.
  • Mercury : The Press, literature, education; the post office and means of communication; political speeches.
  • Venus : Art, high society, fashion; contributes to national happiness. Victory in war.
  • Mars : The armed forces; violent crime; when associated with Uranus may cause explosions; with Neptune, treachery. Divisive elements in society.
  • Jupiter : Clergy and churches, judges, law; banking, insurance; the 'upper classes'; philanthropic institutions (especially in association with Neptune).
  • Saturn : Property
  • Uranus : Administration; power in its physical sense - electrical and nuclear.
  • Neptune : Hospitals, charitable institutions; the navy. Under affiction associated with muddle, crime, scandal; brewing and alcohol; chemicals, oils, footwear; the arts.
  • Pluto : Mines; criminal detection, but under affliction the criminal underworld.

Houses and Signs

Carter also associated each of the houses and signs with different aspects of politics and the state as follows:

  • 1st House-Aries : The nation as a whole, its self image and how it projects itself to the world.
  • 2nd House-Taurus : The economy
  • 3rd House-Gemini : Education; periodical publications; the post office, radio and transport; communications in general; science.
  • 4th House-Cancer : Land and housing; agriculture; the opposition in parliament
  • 5th House-Leo : All forms of national pleasure and entertainment; sports, general amusements; Society, children
  • 6th House-Virgo : The 'working classes'; left wing organisations; public health. The armed forces and civil service.
  • 7th House-Libra : Foreign affairs generally; war as well as treaties.
  • 8th House-Scorpio : Financial relations with foreign countries; public safety and crime.
  • 9th House-Sagittarius : The law; religion; philosophy; and science.
  • 10th House-Capricorn : Heads of state; government; national prestige.
  • 11th House-Aquarius : Parliament, especially the lower house. Local government.
  • 12th House-Pisces : Prisons, hospitals, homes for the aged; philanthropic societies; secret societies; monasteries and institutional religion.

Mundane Horoscopes

Just as a person has a horoscope cast for the moment of their birth, so too can states and nations have horoscopes cast for the moment of their beginning. [2] Sometimes the choice of date is obvious - for example the United States of America first came into being on 4th July 1776 with the Declaration of Independence. In other cases the correct date is not so clear, and in most cases a nation or country has multiple birth charts.


For example, many astrologers take the date of England's horoscope as Christmas Day 1066 - the day when that William the Conqueror had the crown set upon his head. There is also a chart set for midnight on 1st May 1707 (Old Style), the time of the Union of England and Wales with Scotland creating Great Britain. The Union then grew again on 1st January 1801 with the Union of Great Britain and Ireland. A further change took place as the Republic of Ireland left the Union, and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland was created.


Another example of a country/state that has multiple 'birthdays' is France, which regained its independence after the occupation of the Second World War as the Fourth Republic on 10th October 1946, while the present French system came into being as the Fifth Republic after a referendum held on 28th September 1958. Similarly in Germany the present state system came into effect with the enactment of the Basic Law in August 1949, yet it is also considered by most astrologers that a new state has come into being with German re-unification in October 1990.


In principle, any organisation or object can have a chart cast for the moment of its 'birth'. [3] For example, the ship Titanic's horoscope is generally cast for noon on 10th April 1910 when the ocean liner first set sail. The ship's chart showed its ascendant in opposition to Uranus, and Neptune (ruler of the sea) was squared to the Sun, both aspects indicating the potential for danger.


Some historical predictions

Before reading this section it should be noted that in modern Mundane Astrology it is a matter of considerable debate whether the purpose of astrology is elucidation of meaning, or a tool to make predictions about events. These 'noted' predictions are not particularly 'noted' at all; many astrologers will not recognise them.


Throughout history many astrologers have made predictions about the future course of world events, and these are often remarkable either for their fulfilment, or for the ruin and confusion they brought upon their authors.


A favourite topic of a minority of astrologers around the world has been the immediate end of the world. As early as 1186 the Earth had escaped one threatened cataclysm of the astrologers. Events John the Chanter becomes Bishop of Exeter. ...


This did not prevent Stöffler from predicting a universal deluge for the year 1524 - a year, as it turned out, distinguished for drought. His aspect of the heavens told him that in that year three planets would meet in the aqueous sign of Pisces. The prediction was believed far and wide, and President Aurial, at Toulouse, built himself a Noah's ark - a curious realization, in fact, of Chaucer's merry invention in the Miller's Tale. Johannes Stöffler Johannes Stöffler (December 10, 1452 – February 16, 1531) was a German mathematician, astronomer, astrologer, priest, maker of astronomical instruments and professor at the University of Tübingen. ... Events March 1, 1524/5 - Giovanni da Verrazano lands near Cape Fear (approx. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... New city flag (Occitan cross) Traditional coat of arms Motto: (Occitan: For Toulouse, always more) Location Coordinates Time Zone CET (GMT +1) Administration Country Region Midi-Pyrénées Department Haute-Garonne (31) Intercommunality Community of Agglomeration of Greater Toulouse Mayor Jean-Luc Moudenc  (UMP) (since 2004) City Statistics Land... A painting by the American Edward Hicks (1780–1849), showing the animals boarding Noahs Ark two by two. ... Chaucer: Illustration from Cassells History of England, circa 1902 Chanticleer the rooster from an outdoor production of Chanticleer and the Fox at Ashby_de_la_Zouch castle Geoffrey Chaucer (ca. ...


The most famous predictions about European and world affairs were made by the French astrologer Nostradamus (1503 - 66), however many astrologers dispute whether many of his prophecies were based on astrology. [4] Nostradamus became famous after the publication in 1555 of his work Centuries , which was a series of prophecies in cryptic verse. So obscure are the predictions that they have been interpreted as relating to a great variety of events since, including the French and English Revolutions, and the Second World War. In 1556 Nostradamus was summoned to the French court by Catherine de Medici and commissioned to draw up the horoscope of the royal children. Nostradamus: original portrait by his son Cesar Michel de Nostredame (December 14, 1503 – July 2, 1566), usually Latinized to Nostradamus, was a French apothecary and reputed seer who published collections of prophecies that have since become famous world-wide. ...


According to Francis Bacon in his essay Of Prophesies Nostradamus foretold the death of King Henry II of France: "When I was in France, I heard from one Dr Pena, that the queen mother, who was given to curious arts, caused the king, her husband's, nativity to be calculated, under a false name; and the astrologer (i.e. Nostradamus) gave a judgment, that he should be killed in a duel; at which the queene laughed, thinking her husband to be above challenges and duels; but he was slaine, upon a course at tilt, the splinters of the staffe of Montgomery going in at his beaver." Although Nostradamus later fell out of favour with many in the court and was accused of witchcraft, Catherine continued to support him and patronized him until his death. Francis Bacon, 1st Viscount St Alban (22 January 1561 – 9 April 1626) was an English philosopher, statesman, and essayist, but is best known as a philosophical advocate and defender of the scientific revolution. ...


Tycho Brahe was from his fifteenth year devoted to astrology, and adjoining his observatory at Uranienburg the astronomer-royal of Denmark had a laboratory built. We may here notice one very remarkable prediction of this master of Kepler from the appearance of a comet in 1577 . It announced, he tells us, that in the north, in Finland, there should be born a prince who should lay waste Germany and vanish in 1632. Gustavus Adolphus, it is well known, was born in Stockholm, Sweden, overran Germany, and died in 1632. Tycho Brahe Monument of Tycho Brahe and Johannes Kepler in Prague Tycho Brahe, born Tyge Ottesen Brahe (December 14, 1546 – October 24, 1601), was a Danish nobleman from the region of Scania (in modern-day Sweden), best known today as an early astronomer, though in his lifetime he was also... Johannes Kepler (December 27, 1571 – November 15, 1630) was a German Lutheran mathematician, astronomer and astrologer, and a key figure in the 17th century astronomical revolution. ... Events March 17 - formation of the Cathay Company to send Martin Frobisher back to the New World for more gold May 28 - Publication of the Bergen Book, better known as the Solid Declaration of the Formula of Concord, one of the Lutheran confessional writings. ... See also: 1632 (novel) Events February 22 - Galileos Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World Systems is published July 23 - 300 colonists for New France depart Dieppe November 8 - Wladyslaw IV Waza elected king of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth after Zygmunt III Waza death November 16 - Battle of Lützen... Gustav II Adolph Gustav II Adolph (December 9, 1594 - November 6, 1632) (also known as Gustav Adolph the Great, under the Latin name Gustavus Adolphus or the Swedish form Gustav II Adolf) was a King of Sweden. ...


Brahe's prophecy did not accurately predict Gustavus Adolphus' birthplace - Brahe predicted this would be Finland, not Sweden. But the partial fulfillment of the details of this prophecy - namely, that a prince born in the north would lay waste to Germany and vanish in 1632 - suggests that Brahe possibly had some basis of reason for his prediction.


Born in Denmark of a noble Swedish family, a politician, as were all his contemporaries of distinction, Tycho, though no conjuror, appeared to foresee the advent of some great northern hero. Moreover, he was doubtless well acquainted with a very ancient tradition, that heroes generally came from the northern frontiers of their native land, where they are hardened and tempered by the threefold struggle they wage with soil, climate and barbarian neighbours.


The astronomer Kepler , who in his youth made almanacs, and once prophesied a hard winter which came to pass, made an astrological interpretation of the disappearance of the brilliant star of 1572, which Tycho had observed. Johannes Kepler (December 27, 1571 – November 15, 1630) was a German Lutheran mathematician, astronomer and astrologer, and a key figure in the 17th century astronomical revolution. ... January 16 - Thomas Howard, 4th Duke of Norfolk is tried for treason for his part in the Ridolfi plot to restore Catholicism in England. ...


Theodore Beza thought that this star, which in December 1573 equalled Jupiter in brilliancy, predicted the second coming of Christ. Astronomers were only then beginning to study variable and periodic stars, and disturbances in that part of the heavens, which had till then, on the authority of Aristotle, been regarded as incorruptible, combined with the troubles of the times, must have given a new stimulus to belief in the signs in heaven. To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Year 1573 was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. ... The Second Coming refers to the Christian belief in the return of Jesus Christ, an event that will fulfill aspects of Messianic prophecy such as the resurrection of the dead, last judgment and full establishment of the Kingdom of God on earth (also called the Reign of God), including the... Christ is the English of the Greek word (Christós), which literally means The Anointed One. ... Aristotle (Greek: Aristotélēs) (384 BC – 322 BC) was a Greek philosopher, a student of Plato and teacher of Alexander the Great. ...


Montaigne (Essais, lib. i. chap, x.) relates a singular episode in the history of astrology. Charles V and Francis I, who both bid for the friendship of the infamous Pietro Aretino, surnamed the divine, both likewise engaged astrologers to fight their battles. Michel Eyquem de Montaigne (February 28, 1533 - September 13, 1592) was an influential French Renaissance writer, generally considered to be the inventor of the personal essay. ... Charles V (24 February 1500 – 21 September 1558) was ruler of the Burgundian Netherlands (1506-1555), King of Spain (1516-1556), King of Naples and Sicily (1516-1554), Archduke of Austria (1519-1521), King of the Romans (or German King), (1519-1556 but did not formally abdicate until 1558) and... Francis I (François Ier in French) (September 12, 1494 – March 31, 1547), called the Father and Restorer of Letters (le Père et Restaurateur des Lettres), was crowned King of France in 1515 in the cathedral at Reims and reigned until 1547. ... Categories: People stubs | 1492 births | 1556 deaths ...


In Italy those who prophesied the ruin of France were sure to be listened to. These prophecies affected the public funds much as telegrams used to in 1911. "At Rome," Montaigne tells us, "a large sum of money was lost on the Change by this prognostication of our ruin." Michel Eyquem de Montaigne (February 28, 1533 - September 13, 1592) was an influential French Renaissance writer, generally considered to be the inventor of the personal essay. ...


The marquis of Saluces, notwithstanding his gratitude to Francis I for the many favours he had received, including his marquisate, of which the brother was despoiled for his benefit, was led in 1536 to betray his country, being scared by the glorious prophecies of the ultimate success of Charles V which were then rife. Year 1536 was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. ...


References

  1. ^ Charles E. O. Carter, An Introduction of Political Astrology, L. N. Fowler, 1951
  2. ^ Derek and Julia Parker, The New Compleat Astrologer, pp184-5, Crescent Books, New York, 1990
  3. ^ Derek and Julia Parker, Ibid, p184
  4. ^ Derek and Julia Parker, Ibid, pp201-2, Crescent Books, New York, 1990

Further reading

Michael Baigent, Nicholas Campion & Charles Harvey, Mundane Astrology , The Aquarian Press, London, 1984


Nicholas Campion, The Book of World Horoscopes, The Aquarian Press, London, 1988


External links

  • Mundane Astrology - A very cogent introduction to Mundane Astrology, the most ancient branch of astrology.
  • Weekly NewsScope - A weekly column which, since 1998, has applied Mundane Astrology to interpreting news events from around the world.
  • [http://www.quakestar.org - A Forum to discuss scientific astrology as a cause of earthquakes and other natural events
  • mundaneastrology.net - Comprehensive information covering mundane astrology ranging from 4500BCE through 2384. Also covers history, politics and social studies past present and future.

  Results from FactBites:
 
Mundane astrology - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (400 words)
Mundane Astrology is the application of astrology to world affairs and world events, taking its name from the Roman word Mundus, meaning "the World".
Mundane astrology is branch of Judicial astrology and is widely believed by astrological historians to be the most ancient branch of astrology.
Mundane Astrology had two purposes; one was to look back and explain history, looking for patterns and a sense of some greater purpose in apparently chaotic events such as the rise and fall of empires or religions.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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