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Encyclopedia > Mumbai
  ?Mumbai
Maharashtra • India
Nariman Point & Cuffe Parade
Map indicating the location of Mumbai
 Mumbai 
Coordinates: 18°58′N 72°49′E / 18.96, 72.82
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Area
Elevation
437.7 km² (169 sq mi)
• 8 m (26 ft)
District(s) Mumbai City
Mumbai Suburban
Population
Density
13.662.885 million (1st) (2008)
• 21,880 /km² (56,669 /sq mi) (1st) (2008)
Municipal commissioner Jairaj Phatak
Mayor Shubha Raul
Codes
Pincode
Telephone
UN/LOCODE
Vehicle

• 400 xxx
• +022
• INBOM
• MH 01—04
Website: www.mcgm.gov.in
Seal of the Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai

Coordinates: 18°58′N 72°49′E / 18.96, 72.82 , Maharashtra (Marathi: महाराष्ट्र , IPA  , translation: Great Nation) is Indias third largest state in area and second largest in population after Uttar Pradesh. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Nariman Point Mumbais tallest buildings are located at Nariman Point Nariman Point is Mumbais premier business district. ... Cuffe Parade is an upmarket neighbourhood in Mumbai. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links Locator_Dot. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... Location of Mirzapur and the 82. ... The geography of India is diverse, with landscape ranging from snow-capped mountain ranges to deserts, plains, rainforests, hills, and plateaus. ... Elevation histogram of the surface of the Earth – approximately 71% of the Earths surface is covered with water. ... To help compare different orders of magnitude and geographical regions, we list here areas between 100 km² and 1000 km². See also areas of other orders of magnitude. ... The divisions of a district. ... Mumbai (IPA: ), formerly known as Bombay (IPA: ), is the capital of the Indian state of Maharashtra and is the most populous Indian city. ... Mumbai, formerly known as Bombay, is the capital of the Indian state of Maharashtra and the most populous Indian city. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... The following is a list of the most populous cities in India. ... 2008 (MMVIII) will be a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article lists the top fifty metropolitan areas in India by population as of 2007. ... 2008 (MMVIII) will be a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Municipal Commissioner of Mumbai is the chief of the Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation. ... Jairaj Moreshwar Phatak is the 25th municipal commissioner of the Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation (BMC), India. ... The Mayor of Mumbai is the first citizen of the Indian city of Mumbai. ... Shubha Raul (b. ... Example of a PIN: The PIN code of Ujjain in Madhya Pradesh A Postal Index Number or PIN or Pincode is the post office numbering or post code system used by the Indian Postal Service. ... For the past decade or so, telecommunication activities have gained momentum in India. ... UN/LOCODE is a geographic coding scheme developed and maintained by United Nations Economic Commission for Europe, a unit of the United Nations. ... Licence plates on the back of a taxi in Kolkata. ... Image File history File links SealofMumbai. ... Coat of Arms of the City of Mumbai [1] The Coat of Arms of the City of Mumbai and its governing body, the Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai is a four-panel shield supported by an intertwining floral border in gold. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...

Mumbai (Marathi: मुंबई, Mumbaī, IPA:/ˈmumbəi/ ), formerly Bombay, is the capital of the Indian state of Maharashtra. With an estimated population of thirteen million, it is the second most populous city in the world.[1] Along with the neighbouring suburbs of Navi Mumbai and Thane, it forms, at nineteen million, the world's fifth most populous metropolitan area. Mumbai lies on the west coast of India and has a deep natural harbour. Mumbai's port handles over half of India's maritime cargo.[2] Bombay might refer to: Places Bombay is the former name of the Indian city of Mumbai. ... Marathi (मराठी ) is an Indo-Aryan language spoken by the Marathi people of western India. ... Image File history File links Mumbai_pronunciation. ... India is subdivided into 28 states, 6 union territories and a National Capital Territory. ... , Maharashtra (Marathi: महाराष्ट्र , IPA  , translation: Great Nation) is Indias third largest state in area and second largest in population after Uttar Pradesh. ... Look up million in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... , Navi Mumbai (Marathi: नवी मुंबई, IAST: ), formerly known as New Bombay, is a twin city of Mumbai, India. ... , For the Anglo-Saxon royal retainer, see Thegn. ... Metropolitan areas with at least a million inhabitants in 2006 This is a list of the 100 largest urban agglomerations in the world according to the United Nations World Urbanization Prospects report (2005 revision). ... It has been suggested that History of the Konkan be merged into this article or section. ... For other uses, see Harbor (disambiguation). ...


Mumbai is the commercial and entertainment center of India, generating 5% of India's GDP[3] and accounting for 25 per cent of industrial output, forty per cent of maritime trade, and seventy per cent of capital transactions to India's economy.[4] Mumbai is one of the world's top ten centers of commerce by global financial flow,[5] home to such important financial institutions as the Reserve Bank of India, the Bombay Stock Exchange, the National Stock Exchange of India and the corporate headquarters of many Indian companies and numerous multinational corporations. The city also houses India's Hindi film and television industry, known as Bollywood. Mumbai's business opportunities, as well as its high standard of living, attract migrants from all over India and, in turn, make the city a potpourri of many communities and cultures. GDP is an acronym which can stand for more than one thing: (in economics) an abbreviation for Gross Domestic Product. ... The economy of India, measured in USD exchange-rate terms, is the twelfth largest in the world, with a GDP of US $1. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The RBI headquarters in Mumbai The RBI Regional Office in Mumbai The RBI heaquarters in Delhi. ... The Bombay Stock Exchange The Bombay Stock Exchange Limited (Marathi:मुंबई शेयर बाजार) (formerly, The Stock Exchange, Mumbai; popularly called The Bombay Stock Exchange, or BSE) is the oldest stock exchange in Asia. ... The National Stock Exchange of India Limited (NSE), is a Mumbai-based stock exchange. ... Reliance Infocomm Tata Indicom National Stock Exchange of India Bombay Stock Exchange See also List of Indian companies Categories: | | ... This is a list of major companies based in India. ... A multinational corporation (MNC) or transnational corporation (TNC) is one that spans multiple nations; these corporations are often very large. ... Hindi (DevanāgarÄ«: or , IAST: , IPA:  ), an Indo-European language spoken all over India in varying degrees and extensively in northern and central India, is one of the 22 official languages of India and is used, along with English, for central government administrative purposes. ... India is a major regional center for cinema. ... Bollywood (Hindi: , Urdu: ) is the informal term popularly used for Mumbai-based Hindi-language film industry in India. ... In New Delhi, a woman wields a pickaxe on a footpath maintenance project while her husband rests and her baby sleeps The standard of living in India is constantly improving. ... The culture of India has been shaped by the long history of India, all the while absorbing customs, traditions and ideas from both immigrants and invaders, yet resiliently preserving the ancient Vedic culture derived from the Indus Valley Civilization. ...

Contents

Names

The name Mumbai is an eponym, etymologically derived from Mumba or Maha-Amba— the name of the Hindu goddess Mumbadevi, and Aai — mother in Marathi.[6] The former name Bombay had its origins in the 16th century when the Portuguese arrived in the area and called it by various names, which finally took the written form Bombaim, still common in current Portuguese use. After the British gained possession in the 17th century, it was anglicised to Bombay, although it was known as Mumbai or Mambai to Marathi and Gujarati-speakers, and as Bambai in Hindi, Urdu.[7] [8] The name was officially changed to its Marathi pronunciation of Mumbai in 1995. An eponym is the name of a person, whether real or fictitious, who has (or is thought to have) given rise to the name of a particular place, tribe, discovery, or other item. ... Etymologies redirects here. ... This article discusses the adherents of Hinduism. ... Mumba Devi Mandir, or Mumba Devi Temple, is an old Hindu temple in the city of Mumbai (formerly Bombay) dedicated to the goddess Mumba. ... Marathi is one of the widely spoken languages of India, and has a long literary history. ... To anglicise (or in North American English anglicize) is to adapt a foreign word into the English language, often modifying its form to correspond to standard English French demoiselle, meaning little lady. Another common type of anglicisation is the inclusion of a foreign article as part of a noun (eg. ...

"Mumbai" written in Marathi at the Taj Mahal Palace & Tower

A widespread explanation of the origin of the traditional English name Bombay holds that it was derived from a Portuguese name meaning good bay.[9] This is based on the fact that bom (masc.) is Portuguese for good whereas the English word bay is similar to the Portuguese baía (fem., bahia in old spelling). The normal Portuguese rendering of good bay would have been boa bahia rather than the grammatically incorrect bom bahia. However, it is possible to find the form baim (masc.) for little bay in sixteenth-century Portuguese. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (3072 × 2304 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (3072 × 2304 pixel, file size: 1. ... Marathi (मराठी ) is an Indo-Aryan language spoken by the Marathi people of western India. ... A view of the hotel at night The Taj Mahal Palace is a prestigious hotel located in the Colaba district of Mumbai, India, next to the Gateway of India. ...


Other sources have a different origin for the Portuguese toponym Bombaim. José Pedro Machado's Dicionário Onomástico Etimológico da Língua Portuguesa ("Portuguese Dictionary of Onomastics and Etymology") mentions what is probably the first Portuguese reference to the place, dated from 1516, as Benamajambu or Tena-Maiambu,[10] pointing out that "MAIAMBU"' seems to refer to Mumba-Devi, the Hindu goddess after which the place is named in Marathi (Mumbai). In that same century, the spelling seems to have evolved to Mombayn (1525)[11] and then Mombaim (1563).[12] The final form Bombaim appears later in the 16th century, as recorded by Gaspar Correia in his Lendas da Índia ("Legends of India").[13] J.P. Machado seems to reject the "Bom Bahia" hypothesis, asserting that Portuguese records mentioning the presence of a bay at the place led the English to assume that the noun (bahia, "bay") was an integral part of the Portuguese toponym, hence the English version Bombay, adapted from Portuguese.[14] . To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...


History

Main article: History of Mumbai
The Gateway of India was built to commemorate the arrival in India, on 2nd December 1911, of King George V and Queen Mary and was completed on 4th December, 1924.
The Gateway of India was built to commemorate the arrival in India, on 2nd December 1911, of King George V and Queen Mary and was completed on 4th December, 1924.

Artefacts found near Kandivali in northern Mumbai indicate that these islands had been inhabited since the Stone Age. Documented evidence of human habitation dates back to 250 BC, when it was known as Heptanesia (Ptolemy) (Ancient Greek: A Cluster of Seven Islands). In the 3rd century BC, the islands formed part of the Maurya Empire, ruled by the Buddhist emperor, Aşoka. During its first few centuries, control over Mumbai was disputed between the Indo-Scythian Western Satraps and the Satavahanas. The Hindu rulers of the Silhara Dynasty later governed the islands until 1343, when the kingdom of Gujarat annexed them. Some of the oldest edifices of the archipelago – the Elephanta Caves and the Walkeshwar temple complex date from this era. Victoria Station, Bombay, circa 1903 The history of Mumbai recounts the growth of a collection of islands on the western coast of India becoming the commercial and cultural capital of the nation and one of the most populous cities in the world. ... Download high resolution version (1796x1428, 524 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (1796x1428, 524 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... The Gateway of India as seen from the water. ... George V (George Frederick Ernest Albert; 3 June 1865 – 20 January 1936) was the first British monarch belonging to the House of Windsor, which he created from the British branch of the German House of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha. ... Mary of Teck (Victoria Mary Augusta Louise Olga Pauline Claudine Agnes; 26 May 1867 – 24 March 1953) was the Queen Consort of George V. Queen Mary was also the Empress of India. ... Kandivali or Kandivli (Marathi कांदिवली) is the name of a suburb of Mumbai, India. ... Stone Age fishing hook. ... This article is about the geographer, mathematician and astronomer Ptolemy. ... Beginning of Homers Odyssey The Ancient Greek language is the historical stage of the Greek language[1] as it existed during the Archaic (9th–6th centuries BC) and Classical (5th–4th centuries BC) periods in Ancient Greece. ... Chandragupta Maurya (ruled 322–298 BC), known to the Greeks as Sandracottus, was the first emperor of the Mauryan empire. ... A replica of an ancient statue found among the ruins of a temple at Sarnath Buddhism is a philosophy based on the teachings of the Buddha, Siddhārtha Gautama, a prince of the Shakyas, whose lifetime is traditionally given as 566 to 486 BCE. It had subsequently been accepted by... Allegiance: Magadhan Empire Rank: Emperor Succeeded by: Dasaratha Maurya Reign: 273 BC-232 BC Place of birth: Pataliputra, India Battles/Wars Kalinga War Emperor Ashoka the Great (Devanagari: अशोक(:); IAST transliteration: , pronunciation: ) (304 BC–232 BC) (Imperial Title:Devanampiya Piyadassi ie He who is the beloved of the Gods who, in... The Indo-Scythian King of Kings Azes II (c. ... The Western Satraps, or Western Kshatrapas (35-405) were Saka rulers of the western and central part of India (Saurashtra and Malwa: modern Gujarat, Maharashtra, Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh states). ... Approximate extent of the Satavahana Empire, circa 150 CE. The Sātavāhanas, also known as the Andhras, were a dynasty which ruled in Southern and Central India starting from around 230 BCE. Although there is some controversy about when the dynasty came to an end, the most liberal estimates... The Hindu Silhara dynasty ruled the region around present day Mumbai from the 9 century to the 13 century. ... This article is for the Indian state. ... This page is a candidate for speedy deletion. ... The Banganga Tank during the Banganga Festival. ...


In 1534, the Portuguese appropriated the islands from Bahadur Shah of Gujarat. They were ceded to Charles II of England in 1661, as dowry[15] for Catherine de Braganza. These islands, were in turn leased to the British East India Company in 1668 for a sum of £10 per annum. The company found the deep harbour on the east coast of the islands to be ideal for setting up their first port in the sub-continent. The population quickly rose from 10,000 in 1661, to 60,000 in 1675; In 1687, the British East India Company transferred its headquarters from Surat to Bombay. The city eventually became the headquarters of the Bombay Presidency. From 1817 onwards, the city was reshaped with large civil engineering projects aimed at merging all the islands in the archipelago into a single amalgamated mass. This project, known as the Hornby Vellard, was completed by 1845, and resulted in the total area swelling to 438 km². In 1853, India's first passenger railway line was established, connecting Bombay to the town of Thane. During the American Civil War (1861–1865), the city became the world's chief cotton trading market, resulting in a boom in the economy and subsequently enhancing the city's stature. Bahadur Shah (ruled 1526-1535, 1536-1537) was a Sultan of Gujarat. ... Charles II (29 May 1630 – 6 February 1685) was the King of England, Scotland, and Ireland. ... A dowry (also known as trousseau) is the money, goods, or estate that a woman brings to her husband in marriage. ... Catherine of Braganza. ... The British East India Company, sometimes referred to as John Company, was the first joint-stock company (the Dutch East India Company was the first to issue public stock). ... GBP redirects here. ... This page includes English translations of several Latin phrases and abbreviations such as . ... A harbor (or harbour) or haven is a place where ships may shelter from the weather or are stored. ... For other uses, see Surat (disambiguation). ... Bombay Presidency was a former province of British India. ... The Falkirk Wheel in Scotland. ... The Hornby Vellard was a civil engineering project aimed at uniting all seven islands of Bombay into a single island with a deep natural harbour. ... Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ... This is the top-level page of WikiProject trains Rail tracks Rail transport refers to the land transport of passengers and goods along railways or railroads. ... , For the Anglo-Saxon royal retainer, see Thegn. ... Combatants United States of America (Union) Confederate States of America (Confederacy) Commanders Abraham Lincoln, Ulysses S. Grant Jefferson Davis, Robert E. Lee Strength 2,200,000 1,064,000 Casualties 110,000 killed in action, 360,000 total dead, 275,200 wounded 93,000 killed in action, 258,000 total... For other uses, see Cotton (disambiguation). ...


The opening of the Suez Canal in 1869 transformed Bombay into one of the largest seaports on the Arabian Sea.[16] Over the next thirty years, the city grew into a major urban centre, spurred by an improvement in infrastructure and the construction of many of the city's institutions. The population of the city swelled to one million by 1906, making it the second largest in India after Calcutta. As capital of the Bombay Presidency, it was a major base for the Indian independence movement, with the Quit India Movement called by Mahatma Gandhi in 1942 being its most rubric event. After India's independence in 1947, it became the capital of Bombay State. In the 1950 the city expanded to its present limits by incorporating parts of Salsette island which lay to the north. For other uses, see Suez (disambiguation). ... The Arabian Sea (Arabic: بحر العرب; transliterated: Bahr al-Arab) is a region of the Indian Ocean bounded on the east by India, on the north by Pakistan and Iran, on the west by Arabian Peninsula, on the south, approximately, by a line between Cape Guardafui, the north-east point of Somalia... This article is on Calcutta/Kolkata, the city. ... Bombay Presidency was a former province of British India. ... The term Indian independence movement is diffused, incorporating various national and regional campaigns, agitations and efforts of both Nonviolent and Militant philosophy and involved a wide spectrum of Indian political organizations, philosophies, and movements which had the common aim of ending the British Colonial Authority as well as other colonial... The Quit India Movement (Bharat Chhodo Andolan or the August Movement) was a civil disobedience movement in India launched in August 1942 in response to Mahatma Gandhis call for immediate independence of India. ... “Gandhi” redirects here. ... Bombay state is a former state of India. ...

Flora Fountain was renamed Hutatma Chowk, or "Martyr's Square," as a memorial to the Samyukta Maharashtra Movement
Flora Fountain was renamed Hutatma Chowk, or "Martyr's Square," as a memorial to the Samyukta Maharashtra Movement

After 1955, when the State of Bombay was being re-organised along linguistic lines into the states of Maharashtra and Gujarat, there was a demand that the city be constituted as an autonomous city-state. However, the Samyukta Maharashtra movement opposed this, and insisted that Mumbai be declared the capital of Maharashtra. Following protests in which 105 people were killed by police firing, Maharashtra state was formed with Mumbai as its capital on May 1, 1960. Flora Fountain Flora Fountain (now known as Hutatma Chowk) is a stone fountain situated in Fort business district in the heart of South Mumbai, Mumbai, India. ... Hutatma Chowk is a square in south Mumbai, formerly known as Flora Fountain, where in 1960 peaceful agitators of the Samyukta Maharashtra Samiti were fired upon by police. ... Samyukta Maharashtra Samiti (Marathi: संयुक्‍त महाराष्ट्र समिती) was an organisation that spearheaded the demand, in the 1950s, for the creation of a separate Marathi-speaking state out of the (then bilingual) State of Bombay in western India. ... Bombay Presidency in 1909, northern portion Bombay Presidency in 1909, southern portion The State of Bombay is a former state of pre-independence India. ... , Maharashtra (Marathi: महाराष्ट्र , IPA  , translation: Great Nation) is Indias third largest state in area and second largest in population after Uttar Pradesh. ... This article is for the Indian state. ... Samyukta Maharashtra Samiti (Marathi:संयुक्त महाराष्ट्र समिति) was an organisation that spearheaded the demand, in the 1950s, for the creation of a separate Marathi-speaking state out of the (then bilingual) State of Bombay in western India. ... is the 121st day of the year (122nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1960 (MCMLX) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


The late 1970s witnessed a construction boom and a significant influx of migrants, which saw Mumbai overtake Kolkata as India's most populous city. This influx caused unrest among local Maharashtrians who worried about the loss of culture, jobs, and language.[17] The Shiv Sena Party was formed by Balasaheb Thackeray for the purpose of securing the interests of Maharashtrians.[18] The city's secular fabric was torn apart in the riots of 1992–93, after large scale sectarian violence caused extensive loss of life and property. A few months later, on March 12, a series of co-ordinated bombings at several city landmarks by the Mumbai underworld killed around three hundred people. In 1995, the city was renamed Mumbai by the Shiv Sena government of Maharashtra, in keeping with their policy of renaming colonial institutions after historic local appellations. There have also been terrorist attacks, sponsored by Islamic extremists, on public transport buses in past years. In 2006, Mumbai was also the site of a major terrorist attack in which over two hundred people were killed when several bombs exploded almost simultaneously on the Mumbai Suburban Railway.[19] , “Calcutta” redirects here. ... Maharashtra (महाराष्ट्र) is a state in west-central India. ... Shiv Sena (DevanāgarÄ«: शिव सेना Śīv Senā), meaning Army of Shiva, referring to Shivaji is a nationalist political party in India founded on June 19, 1966 by Bal Thackeray, who is currently the president of the party. ... Bal Thackeray (born January 23, 1927) is the founder and supremo (officially, the president) of the political party Shiv Sena in India. ... Although numerous riots have occurred in the City of Mumbai, India (Bombay) since Independence, the Bombay Riots usually refers to the riots in Mumbai, in December 1992 and January 1993, in which 900 people died. ... is the 71st day of the year (72nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The 1993 Bombay bombings were a series of thirteen bomb explosions that took place in Bombay (now Mumbai), India on March 12, 1993. ... This article or section contains information that has not been verified and thus might not be reliable. ... Map showing the Western line and blast locations. ... The Mumbai Suburban Railway (Marathi: मुंबई उपनगरीय रेल्) system, part of the public transportation system of Mumbai, is provided for by the state-run Indian Railways two zonal Western Railways and Central Railways. ...

See also: Timeline of Mumbai events

See also: History of Mumbai, Mumbai // up to 18th century 600 BC — First known permanent settlement. ...

Geography

The metropolis consists of the Mumbai city, Mumbai suburban district and also the cities of Navi Mumbai and Thane
The metropolis consists of the Mumbai city, Mumbai suburban district and also the cities of Navi Mumbai and Thane
Main article: Geography of Mumbai

Mumbai is located on seven now-merged islands (see seven islands of Bombay) which are Isle of Bombay, Mazagaon, Colaba, Old Woman's Island, Parel, Worli, and Salsette Island. Mumbai lies at the mouth of Ulhas River off the western coast of India, in the coastal region known as the Konkan. Much of Mumbai is just above sea level, and the average elevation ranges from 10 m (33 ft) to 15 m (49 ft). Northern Mumbai is hilly, and the highest point in the city is 450 metres (1,450 feet).[20] Mumbai spans a total area of 603 km² (233 sq mi). Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... , Navi Mumbai (Marathi: नवी मुंबई, IAST: ), formerly known as New Bombay, is a twin city of Mumbai, India. ... , For the Anglo-Saxon royal retainer, see Thegn. ... Mumbai is Indias most populated city. ... The original islands Seven islands were merged to form the city of Bombay (now called Mumbai): Isle of Bombay Colaba Little Colaba or Old Womans Island Mahim Mazagaon Parel Worli The nearby islands of Trombay and Salsette were also merged to form the surburban Greater Bombay. ... Isle of Bombay was one of Seven islands of Bombay, that were merged to create city of Bombay. ... Mazagaon, also spelled Mazgaon and Mazagon, and pronounced by the affluent Catholics as Mazgon or Maz-a-gon, the rest as Mazhgav, esp. ... Colaba is a part of the city of Bombay. ... The Old Womans Island, also known as Little Colaba is one of the seven islands composing the city of Mumbai, India. ... Parel is a suburb of Mumbai. ... Nehru Centre at Worli Worli (Marathi:वरळी) is a locality in Mumbai, the largest city in India. ... The island as seen from the sky Salsette (साष्टी) (Portuguese: Salsete, Marathi: Sashti (साष्टी)) is an island in Maharashtra state on Indias west coast. ... The Ulhas River is a river of western India. ... It has been suggested that History of the Konkan be merged into this article or section. ... For considerations of sea level change, in particular rise associated with possible global warming, see sea level rise. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ...


Four lakes supply water to Mumbai: Lakes Vihar, Vaitarna, Tulsi and Tansa. Tulsi Lake and Vihar Lake are located within the metropolitan limits, in Borivili National Park, and supply part of the city's drinking water. The waters of a fifth lake also within the city, Powai, is not used. Mumbai also has three small rivers within the city limits originating in the National Park. The coastline of the city is indented with numerous creeks and bays. The eastern coast of Salsette Island is covered with large mangrove swamps, rich in biodiversity. The western coast is mostly sandy and rocky. Italic textLink titlelink title Headline text Media:Example. ... Vihar lake is Mumbais largest lake. ... , Powai is a northern suburb of Mumbai, that shares its name with a lake in the same locality. ... In United Kingdom usage, the term creek refers exclusively to a tidal water channel. ... Above and below water view at the edge of the mangal. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Rainforests are among the most biodiverse ecosystems on earth Biodiversity is the variation of life forms within a given ecosystem, biome or for the entire Earth. ...


Soil cover in the city region is predominantly sandy due to its proximity to the sea. In the suburbs, the soil cover is largely alluvial and loamy. The underlying rock of the region is composed of black Deccan basalt flows, and their acid and basic variants dating back to the late Cretaceous and early Eocene eras. Mumbai sits on a seismically active zone[21] owing to the presence of three fault lines in the vicinity. The area is classified as a Zone III region, which means an earthquake of up to magnitude 6.5 on the Richter-scale may be expected. The Deccan Plateau is a vast plateau in India, encompassing most of Central and Southern India. ... The common (Arrhenius) definition of a base is a chemical compound that either donates hydroxide ions or absorbs hydrogen ions when dissolved in water. ... // The Cretaceous Period (pronounced ) is one of the major divisions of the geologic timescale, reaching from the end of the Jurassic Period (i. ... hfajhfiudshfas == == == --24. ... Geologic timeline can refer to: The geologic timescale of Earth history. ... Richter magnitude scale, a scale measuring the intensity of Earthquakes Charles Francis Richter, the inventor of the above scale Jeremias Benjamin Richter, German chemist who developed the stochiometry theory Sviatoslav Richter, a Ukrainian pianist Hans Richter, a Dada artist, filmmaker and writer Hans Richter, a German conductor Karl Richter, a...


Mumbai is classified as a metropolis of India, under the jurisdiction of the Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation. It consists of two distinct regions — the city and the suburbs, which also form two separate districts of Maharashtra. The city region is also commonly referred to as the Island City.[22] Administrative headquarters of the BMC. Coat of Arms of the City of Mumbai [1] The Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai (formerly Bombay Municipal Corporation) or the Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation (Marathi: बृहन्मुंबई महानगर पालिका) is Indias richest municipal organisation. ...

See also: List of Mumbai beaches

As a coastal city, Bombay has a whole lot of beaches along its western coast. ...

Climate

Main article: Climate of Mumbai
Average temperature and precipitation in Mumbai.
Average temperature and precipitation in Mumbai.

The climate of the city, being in the tropical zone, and near the Arabian Sea, may be broadly classified into two main seasons — the humid season, and the dry season. The humid season, between March and October, is characterized by high humidity and temperatures of over 30 °C (86 °F). Between June and September, the monsoon rains lash the city supplying most of the city's annual rainfall of 2,200 millimetres (86.6 in). The maximum annual rainfall ever recorded was 3,452 millimetres (135.9 in) in 1954.[23] The highest rainfall recorded in a single day was 944 mm (37.16 inches) on 2005-07-26.[24] The dry season, between November and February, is characterized by moderate levels of humidity and warm to cool weather. Cold northerly winds are responsible for a mild chill during January and February. Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... The Arabian Sea (Arabic: بحر العرب; transliterated: Bahr al-Arab) is a region of the Indian Ocean bounded on the east by India, on the north by Pakistan and Iran, on the west by Arabian Peninsula, on the south, approximately, by a line between Cape Guardafui, the north-east point of Somalia... Maharashtra The Mumbai floods of 2005 refer to the flooding of large areas of the metropolis of Mumbai, a city located on the coast of the Arabian Sea, on the western part of India. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 207th day of the year (208th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


Annual temperatures range from a high of 38 °C (100 °F) to a low of 11 °C (52 °F). The record high is 43.3 °C (109.9 °F) and record low is 7.4 °C (45.3 °F) on 1962-01-22.[25]. Though 7.4 °C (45.3 °F) is the lowest recorded by one of the two official meteorological weather stations, a low of 6.5 °C (43.7 °F) was recorded on February 8, 2008 at a weather station near Kanheri Caves that lies within city limits.[26] Year 1962 (MCMLXII) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1962 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 22nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 39th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... The Kanheri Caves are a protected archaeological site in Mumbai, India. ...


Economy

Cuffe Parade is an important business district in Mumbai, home to the World Trade Center as well as other important financial institutions
The Bombay Stock Exchange is the oldest stock exchange in Asia.
Main article: Economy of Mumbai

Mumbai is India's largest city. Mumbai serves as an important economic hub of the country, contributing 10% of all factory employment, 40% of all income tax collections, 60% of all customs duty collections, 20% of all central excise tax collections, 40% of India's foreign trade and 40 billion Rupees (US$ 1 billion) in corporate taxes.[27] Mumbai's per-capita income is Rs.48,954 which is almost three times the national average.[28] Many of India's numerous conglomerates (including State Bank Of India, Tata Group, Godrej and Reliance), and four of the Fortune Global 500 companies are based in Mumbai. Many foreign banks and financial institutions also have branches in this area, the World Trade Centre (Mumbai)[29] being the most prominent one. Up until the 1980s, Mumbai owed its prosperity largely to textile mills and the seaport, but the local economy has since been diversified to include engineering, diamond-polishing, healthcare and information technology. Mumbai is home to the Bhabha Atomic Research Center, and most of India's specialized, technical industries, having a modern industrial infrastructure and vast, skilled human resources. Rising venture capital firms, start-ups and established brands work in aerospace, optical engineering, medical research, computers and electronic equipment of all varieties, shipbuilding and salvaging, and renewable energy and power. Cuffe Parade is an upmarket neighbourhood in Mumbai. ... Image File history File links File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... The Bombay Stock Exchange The Bombay Stock Exchange Limited (Marathi:मुंबई शेयर बाजार) (formerly, The Stock Exchange, Mumbai; popularly called The Bombay Stock Exchange, or BSE) is the oldest stock exchange in Asia. ... Mumbai is the commercial capital of the country, contributing 10% of factory employment, 33% of income tax collections, 60% of customs duty collections, 20% of central excise tax collections, 40% of Indias foreign trade and rupees 40,000 crore (US $9 billion) in corporate taxes. ... Tax rates around the world Tax revenue as % of GDP Economic policy Monetary policy Central bank   Money supply Fiscal policy Spending   Deficit   Debt Trade policy Tariff   Trade agreement Finance Financial market Financial market participants Corporate   Personal Public   Banking   Regulation        An income tax is a tax levied on the financial income... A customs duty is a tariff or tax on the import or export of goods. ... An excise is an indirect tax or duty levied on items within a country. ... International trade is defined as trade between two or more partners from different countries (an exporter and an importer). ... To help compare orders of magnitude this page lists dimensionless numbers between 109 and 1012. ... “INR” redirects here. ... The United States dollar is the official currency of the United States. ... Corporate tax refers to a direct tax levied by various jurisdictions on the profits made by companies or associations. ... State Bank of India (SBI) (LSE: SBID) is a Public Sector Banking Organisation (PSB), in which the Government of India is the biggest shareholder, and is the largest bank in India. ... The Tata Group is Indias largest conglomerate company, with revenues in 2005-06 of Rs. ... Godrej Group Of Companies, they are named after The Godrej family of India. ... Look up Reliance in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The Fortune Global 500 is a ranking of the top 500 corporations worldwide as measured by revenue. ... Health care or healthcare is one of the worlds largest and fastest growing professions. ... Information and communication technology spending in 2005 Information Technology (IT), as defined by the Information Technology Association of America (ITAA), is the study, design, development, implementation, support or management of computer-based information systems, particularly software applications and computer hardware. ... See Bhabha Atomic Research Centre ... Look up aerospace in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Optical engineering is the field of study which focuses on applications of optics. ...


State and central government employees make up a large percentage of the city's workforce. Mumbai also has a large unskilled and semi-skilled labour population, who primarily earn their livelihood as hawkers, taxi drivers, mechanics and other such blue collar professions. The port and shipping industry, too, employs many residents, directly or indirectly. In Dharavi, in central Mumbai, there is an increasingly large recycling industry, processing recyclable waste from other parts of the city; the district has an estimated 15,000 single-room factories.[30] A blue-collar worker is a working class employee who performs manual or technical labor, such as in a factory or in technical maintenance trades, in contrast to a white-collar worker, who does non-manual work generally at a desk. ... Dharavi is a heart-shaped settlement in central Mumbai, India. ... The international recycling symbol. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ...


The media industry is another major employer in Mumbai. Most of India's major television and satellite networks, as well as its major publishing houses, are headquartered here. The centre of the Hindi movie industry, Bollywood produces the largest number of films per year in the world; and the name Bollywood is a portmanteau of Bombay and Hollywood. Marathi television and Marathi film industry are also based in Mumbai. Bollywood (Hindi: , Urdu: ) is the informal term popularly used for Mumbai-based Hindi-language film industry in India. ... A portmanteau (IPA: ) is a word or morpheme that fuses two or more words or word parts to give a combined or loaded meaning. ... This article is considered orphaned, since there are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ... Marathi cinema (मराठी चित्रपट) is one of the oldest in regional Indian films industry. ...


Along with the rest of India, Mumbai, its commercial capital, has witnessed an economic boom since the liberalisation of 1991, the finance boom in the mid-nineties and the IT, export, services and BPO boom in this decade. The middle class in Mumbai is the segment most impacted by this boom and is the driver behind the consequent consumer boom. Upward mobility among Mumbaikars has led to a direct increase in consumer spending. Mumbai has been ranked 10th among the world's biggest centres of commerce in terms of financial flow in a survey compiled by Mastercard Worldwide.[31] In economics, the term boom and bust refers to the movement of an economy through economic cycles due to changes in aggregate demand. ... Business process outsourcing (BPO) contains the transmission of processes along with the associated operational activities and responsibilities, to a third party with at least a guaranteed equal service level and where the client contains a firm grip over the (activities of the) vendor for mutual long term success. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Civic administration

The city is administered by the Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation (BMC) (formerly the Bombay Municipal Corporation), with executive power vested in the Municipal Commissioner, who is an IAS officer appointed by the state government. The Corporation comprises 227 directly elected Councillors representing the twenty four municipal wards, five nominated Councillors, and a titular Mayor. The BMC is in charge of the civic and infrastructure needs of the metropolis. An Assistant Municipal Commissioner oversees each ward for administrative purposes. Almost all the state political parties field candidates in the elections for Councillors. The Mumbai Metropolitan Region consists of 7 Municipal Corporations and 13 Municipal Councils. In addition to the BMC, it includes the Municipal Corporations of Thane, Kalyan - Dombivali, Navi Mumbai, Mira-Bhayandar, Bhiwandi - Nizampur and Ulhasnagar.[32] ... Administrative headquarters of the BMC. Coat of Arms of the City of Mumbai [1] The Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai (formerly Bombay Municipal Corporation) or the Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation (Marathi: बृहन्मुंबई महानगर पालिका) is Indias richest municipal organisation. ... The Municipal Commissioner of Mumbai is the chief of the Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation. ... The (IAS) is one of the three All India Services of the Government of India; other two services being the Indian Police Service (IPS) and the Indian Forest Service (IFS). ... , Maharashtra (Marathi: महाराष्ट्र , IPA  , translation: Great Nation) is Indias third largest state in area and second largest in population after Uttar Pradesh. ... The city of Mumbai, India, is divided into administrative divisions. ... The Mayor of Mumbai is the first citizen of the Indian city of Mumbai. ... The Mumbai metropolitan area also known as the Greater Mumbai urban agglomeration is an agglomeration (or urbanised area) consisting of the metropolis of Mumbai and its satellite towns. ... Administrative headquarters of the BMC. Coat of Arms of the City of Mumbai [1] The Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai (formerly Bombay Municipal Corporation) or the Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation (Marathi: बृहन्मुंबई महानगर पालिका) is Indias richest municipal organisation. ... , For the Anglo-Saxon royal retainer, see Thegn. ... Kalyan-Dombivali is a muncipal corporation in Thane district of Maharashtra state, India. ... Navi MumbaiMunicipal Corporation (NMMC) is municipal organisation of Mumbais satellite town Navi Mumbai. ... Mira-Bhayandar is a city, in the district of Thane, in the western state of Maharashtra, in India, located around 20 kms to the north of Mumbai on the the Mumbai-Ahmedabad highway. ... The Municipal Corporation formed this suburb in 2002 to administer the industrial township of Bhiwandi. ... , Ulhasnagar is a city located on coast of the West India, approximately 60 kilometers (37 miles) northeast of the City of Mumbai (Bombay), in the Thane district in the state of Maharashtra. ...

The Greater Mumbai forms two districts of Maharashtra, with each district under the jurisdiction of a District Collector. The Collectors are in charge of property records and revenue collection for the Central Government, and oversee the national elections held in the city. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2592 × 1944 pixel, file size: 2. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2592 × 1944 pixel, file size: 2. ... The Bombay High Court was inaugurated on August 14, 1862. ... , Maharashtra (Marathi: महाराष्ट्र , IPA  , translation: Great Nation) is Indias third largest state in area and second largest in population after Uttar Pradesh. ... For other uses, see Goa (disambiguation). ... Daman and Diu (Portuguese: Gujarati is the main language; use of Portuguese is declining because it is not official or taught at school (but still spoken by 10% in Daman). ... Dadra and Nagar Haveli (Gujarati: દાદરા અને નગર હવેલી, Hindi: दादरा और नगर हवेली, Urdu: دادرہ اور نگر حویلی, Portuguese: Dadrá e Nagar-Aveli) is a Union Territory in western India. ... The divisions of a district. ... The District Collector is a Central Indian Government appointee who is in charge of the governance of a district in a state. ... Judiciary Supreme Court of India Chief Justice of India High Courts District Courts Elections Political Parties Local & State Govt. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ...


The Mumbai Police is headed by a Police Commissioner, who is an IPS officer. The Mumbai Police comes under the state Home Ministry. The city is divided into seven police zones and seventeen traffic police zones, each headed by a Deputy Commissioner of Police. The Traffic Police is a semi-autonomous body under the Mumbai Police. [33] The Mumbai Fire Brigade department is headed by the Chief Fire Officer, who is assisted by four Deputy Chief Fire Officers and 6 Divisional Officers. The Mumbai Police has the task of policing the vast metropolitan area of Mumbai, one of the largest metropolitan areas in the world. ... The Police Commissioner of Mumbai is the chief of the Mumbai Police. ... The Indian Police Service (IPS) is one of the three All India Services of the Government of India; other two services being the Indian Administrative Service (IAS) and the Indian Foreign Service (IFS). ...


Mumbai is the seat of the Bombay High Court, which exercises jurisdiction over the states of Maharashtra and Goa, and the Union Territories of Daman and Diu and Dadra and Nagar Haveli. Mumbai also has two lower courts, the Small Causes Court for civil matters, and the Sessions Court for criminal cases. Mumbai also has a special TADA (Terrorist and Disruptive Activities) court for people accused of conspiring and abetting acts of terrorism in the city. The Bombay High Court was inaugurated on August 14, 1862. ... , Maharashtra (Marathi: महाराष्ट्र , IPA  , translation: Great Nation) is Indias third largest state in area and second largest in population after Uttar Pradesh. ... For other uses, see Goa (disambiguation). ... A Union Territory is an administrative division of India. ... Daman and Diu (Portuguese: Gujarati is the main language; use of Portuguese is declining because it is not official or taught at school (but still spoken by 10% in Daman). ... Dadra and Nagar Haveli (Gujarati: દાદરા અને નગર હવેલી, Hindi: दादरा और नगर हवेली, Urdu: دادرہ اور نگر حویلی, Portuguese: Dadrá e Nagar-Aveli) is a Union Territory in western India. ... In Indian cities, the Small Causes Court is responsible for adjudicating matters related to civil cases. ... In Indian cities, the Sessions Court is responsible for adjudicating matters related to criminal cases. ...


The city elects six members to the Lok Sabha and thirty-four members to the Maharashtra Vidhan Sabha (State assembly). Mumbai is headed by mayor Shubha Raul, Municipal Commissioner Jairaj Phatak, and Sheriff Indu Shahani. The Parliament of India is bicameral. ... The Maharashtra state assembly — the Vidhan Sabha is the bicameral legislature of the Indian state of Maharashtra. ... Shubha Raul (b. ... The Municipal Commissioner of Mumbai is the chief of the Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation. ... Jairaj Moreshwar Phatak is the 25th municipal commissioner of the Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation (BMC), India. ... The Sheriff of Mumbai is an apolitical titular position of authority bestowed for one year on a prominent citizen of Mumbai (Bombay). ...


Transport

Most of Mumbai's inhabitants rely on public transport to travel to and from their workplace. Transport systems in Mumbai include the Mumbai Suburban Railway, BEST buses, taxis, auto rickshaws, ferries, and aeroplanes. Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (Hindi: छत्रपती शिवाजी अंतक), formerly Victoria Terminus, and better known by its abbreviation CST or Bombay VT) is an historic railway station which serves as the headquarters of the Central Railways. ... Central Railway headquarters at Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus The Central Railway is one of the 16 zones of Indian Railways, and is one of the largest. ... roadmap Public Transport in Mumbai involves the transport of millions of its citizens by train, road and water. ... Mass transit redirects here. ... The Mumbai Suburban Railway (Marathi: मुंबई उपनगरीय रेल्) system, part of the public transportation system of Mumbai, is provided for by the state-run Indian Railways two zonal Western Railways and Central Railways. ... The Bombay Electric Supply and Transport now christened Brihanmumbai Electric Supply and Transport (BEST) undertaking is an electricity and public transport undertaking of city municipality. ... Passengers and drivers meet at this auto rickshaw stand in Chennai. ...


The city is the headquarters of two railway zones – the Central Railway (CR) headquartered at Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus, and the Western Railway (WR) headquartered near Churchgate. The backbone of the city's transport, the Mumbai Suburban Railway, is composed of three separate networks running the length of the city, in a north-south direction. The Mumbai Metro, an underground and elevated railway system that is currently under construction, will run from Versova to Andheri to Ghatkopar when the first phase is completed in 2009. Mumbai is well connected to most parts of India by the Indian Railways. Trains originate from Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus, Dadar, Lokmanya Tilak Terminus, Mumbai Central and Bandra terminus. Mumbai's suburban rail systems carry a total of 2.2 billion passengers every year, one third of the world's population. Indian Railways (Hindi भारतीय रेल), abbreviated as (Hindi भारे ) IR, is a Department of the Government of India, under the Ministry of Railways, and is tasked with operating the rail network in India. ... Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (Hindi: छत्रपती शिवाजी अंतक), formerly Victoria Terminus, and better known by its abbreviation CST or Bombay VT) is an historic railway station which serves as the headquarters of the Central Railways. ... Churchgate is an area in downtown South Mumbai getting its name from the famous Churchgate Railway Station. ... The Mumbai Suburban Railway (Marathi: मुंबई उपनगरीय रेल्) system, part of the public transportation system of Mumbai, is provided for by the state-run Indian Railways two zonal Western Railways and Central Railways. ... The Mumbai Metro is the planned construction of a Subway/LTR in Mumbai, India. ... Indian Railways (Hindi भारतीय रेल), abbreviated as (Hindi भारे ) IR, is a Department of the Government of India, under the Ministry of Railways, and is tasked with operating the rail network in India. ... Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (Hindi: छत्रपती शिवाजी अंतक), formerly Victoria Terminus, and better known by its abbreviation CST or Bombay VT) is an historic railway station which serves as the headquarters of the Central Railways. ... Dadar station (E) with a view of the Shri Swaminarayan BAPS mandir. ... Lokmanya Tilak Terminus (LTT), formerly known as Kurla Terminus, is a railhead in suburb of Mumbai, India. ... Mumbai Central is the name of a railway station on the Mumbai suburban railway, serving as the railway terminus of the Western Railway. ... , Mumbai as seen from Bandra Reclamation A stall on Linking Road Bandra (Marathi : वांद्रे) is a suburb of Mumbai (formerly known as Bombay), popularly nick-named Queen Of The Suburbs. It is home to a railway station on the Mumbai Suburban Railway, Western line. ...

A BEST bus
A BEST bus

Public buses run by BEST cover almost all parts of the metropolis, as well as parts of Navi Mumbai and Thane. Buses are used for commuting short to medium distances, while train fares are more economical for long distance commutes. The BEST runs a total of 3,400 buses,[34] ferrying 4.5 million passengers over 340 routes. Its fleet consists of single-decker, double-decker, vestibule, low-floor, disabled-friendly, and air-conditioned buses. MSRTC buses provide intercity transport and connect Mumbai with other major cities of Maharashtra and other states. The Mumbai Darshan is a tourist bus service which explores numerous tourist attractions in Mumbai Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (964 × 723 pixel, file size: 458 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg)504 CBD Belapur - Wadala bus at CBD Belapur Flyover File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (964 × 723 pixel, file size: 458 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg)504 CBD Belapur - Wadala bus at CBD Belapur Flyover File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version... The Bombay Electric Supply and Transport now christened Brihanmumbai Electric Supply and Transport (BEST) undertaking is an electricity and public transport undertaking of city municipality. ... This article is about the form of transport. ... The Bombay Electric Supply and Transport now christened Brihanmumbai Electric Supply and Transport (BEST) undertaking is an electricity and public transport undertaking of city municipality. ... , Navi Mumbai (Marathi: नवी मुंबई, IAST: ), formerly known as New Bombay, is a twin city of Mumbai, India. ... , For the Anglo-Saxon royal retainer, see Thegn. ... MSRTC Maharashtra State Road Transport Corporation is a state run bus service based in Maharashtra, India which services routes to other towns and cities within the same and adjoining states. ... , Maharashtra (Marathi: महाराष्ट्र , IPA  , translation: Great Nation) is Indias third largest state in area and second largest in population after Uttar Pradesh. ... Mumbai has a centuries old history and many sites of tourist interest. ...


Black and yellow-metered, taxis traverse most of the metropolis. Auto rickshaws operate in the suburban areas of Mumbai. Rickshaws run on Compressed Natural Gas, are the main form of hired transport. These three-wheeled vehicles are a quick way to get around. They are the cheapest form of hired transport and can accommodate up to three passengers. A taxis (plural taxes, pronounced ) is an innate behavioural response by an organism to a directional stimulus. ... Passengers and drivers meet at this auto rickshaw stand in Chennai. ... Typical North America vehicles carry this diamond shape symbol, meaning it is running on compressed natural gas fuel. ...

Mumbai's Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport (formerly, Sahar International Airport) is the busiest airport in South Asia.[36] The Juhu aerodrome was India's first airport, and now hosts a flying club and a heliport. The proposed Navi Mumbai International Airport which is to be built in the Kopra-Panvel area, has been sanctioned by the Government and would help relieve the increasing traffic burden on the existing airport. Mumbai handles about 25% of the domestic and 38% of the international air passenger traffic in the country. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (3264 × 2448 pixel, file size: 3. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (3264 × 2448 pixel, file size: 3. ... Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport (Marathi:छ्त्रपती शिवाजी अंतरराष्ट्रीय विमानतळ) (IATA: BOM, ICAO: VABB), formerly Sahar International Airport, is situated in the Megacity of Mumbai in Maharashtra. ... Map of South Asia (see note on Kashmir). ... Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport (Marathi:छ्त्रपती शिवाजी अंतरराष्ट्रीय विमानतळ) (IATA: BOM, ICAO: VABB), formerly Sahar International Airport, is situated in the Megacity of Mumbai in Maharashtra. ... Juhu Aerodrome (IATA: N/A, ICAO: VAJJ) located in Mumbai, was Indias first civil aviation airport opening in 1928 as the then Vile Parle Flying Club. ... A flying club is an organisation that allows its members to pursue flying activities, usually by renting aircraft to them. ... Proposed New Navi Mumbai International airport is a new international airport, which is to come up at Kopra-Panvel area, is being built through public-private partnership (PPP) — with private sector partner getting 74% equity while Airports Authority of India (AAI) and Govt of Maharashtra (through City and Industrial Development...


With its unique topography, Mumbai has one of the best natural harbours in the world, handling 50% of the country's passenger traffic, and much of India's cargo.[37] It is also an important base for the Indian Navy, being the headquarters of the Western Naval Command.[38] Ferries from Ferry Wharf allow cheap access to islands and beaches in the area. The Indian Navy is the naval branch of the armed forces of India. ... Ferry Wharf is a wharf along the Thane Creek, along the coast of Dockyard Road on the Eastern seafront of Mumbai. ...


Utility services

The BMC headquarters
The BMC headquarters

The BMC supplies potable water to the city, most of which comes from the Tulsi and Vihar lakes, as well as a few lakes further north. The water is filtered at Bhandup, which is Asia's largest water filtration plant. Even India's first underground water tunnel will come up in Mumbai.[39] The BMC is also responsible for the road maintenance and garbage collection in the city. Almost all of Mumbai's daily refuse of 7,800 metric tonnes is transported to dumping grounds in Gorai in the northwest, Mulund in the northeast, and Deonar in the east. Sewage treatment is carried out at Worli and Bandra, and disposed off by two independent marine outfalls of 3.4 km (2.1 mi) and 3.7 km (2.3 mi) at Bandra and Worli respectively. A third outfall at Malad is in the planning stages. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Administrative headquarters of the BMC. Coat of Arms of the City of Mumbai [1] The Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai (formerly Bombay Municipal Corporation) or the Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation (Marathi: बृहन्मुंबई महानगर पालिका) is Indias richest municipal organisation. ... Drinking water This article focuses on water as we experience it every day. ... , Bhandup is a suburb of Mumbai, formerly known as Bombay, in the state of Maharashtra, India and is also the name of a railway station on the Mumbai suburban railway on the Central Railway line. ... Administrative headquarters of the BMC. Coat of Arms of the City of Mumbai [1] The Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai (formerly Bombay Municipal Corporation) or the Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation (Marathi: बृहन्मुंबई महानगर पालिका) is Indias richest municipal organisation. ... A tonne (also called metric ton) is a non-SI unit of mass, accepted for use with SI, defined as: 1 tonne = 103 kg (= 106 g). ... Gorai is a small township in Bombay, India. ... Mulund East-West Bridge Mulund is a north-eastern suburb of Mumbai, India. ... Deonar is a north-eastern suburb of Mumbai, India. ... Sewage is the mainly liquid waste containing some solids produced by humans which typically consists of washing water, faeces, urine, laundry waste and other material which goes down drains and toilets from households and industry. ... Nehru Centre at Worli Worli (Marathi:वरळी) is a locality in Mumbai, the largest city in India. ... , Mumbai as seen from Bandra Reclamation A stall on Linking Road Bandra (Marathi : वांद्रे) is a suburb of Mumbai (formerly known as Bombay), popularly nick-named Queen Of The Suburbs. It is home to a railway station on the Mumbai Suburban Railway, Western line. ...


Electricity is provided by BEST in the island city, and by Reliance Energy, Tata Power, and Mahavitaran (Maharashtra State Electricity Distribution Co. Ltd) in the suburbs. Most of the city's electricity is hydroelectric and nuclear based. Consumption of electricity is growing faster than production capacity. The largest telephone service provider is the state-owned MTNL, which held a monopoly over fixed line and cellular services up until 2000, and provides fixed line as well as mobile WLL services. Cell phone coverage is extensive, and the main service providers are Vodafone Essar, Airtel, BPL group, Reliance Communications and Tata Indicom. Both GSM and CDMA services are available in the city. Broadband internet penetration is increasing in the city, with MTNL and Tata being the leading service providers. Electricity (from New Latin ēlectricus, amberlike) is a general term for a variety of phenomena resulting from the presence and flow of electric charge. ... The Bombay Electric Supply and Transport now christened Brihanmumbai Electric Supply and Transport (BEST) undertaking is an electricity and public transport undertaking of city municipality. ... Reliance Energy, formerly known as Bombay Suburban Electric Supply (BSES), is a company under the Reliance - Anil Dhirubhai Ambani Group [1] banner, one of Indias largest conglomerates. ... The Tata Power Company Limited is India’s largest private sector electricity generating company with an installed generation capacity of over 2300 MW. The Company has emerged as a pioneer in the Indian power sector, with a track record of performance, customer care and sustained growth. ... MahaVitaran (महावितरण), also called MahaDiscom (Maharashtra State Electricity Distribution Company) owened by Govt. ... Hydroelectricity is electricity produced by hydropower. ... This article concerns the energy stored in the nuclei of atoms; for the use of nuclear fission as a power source, see Nuclear power. ... For other uses, see Telephone (disambiguation). ... The Mahanagar Telephone Nigam Limited is the government owned telephone service provider in the cities of Bombay, New Delhi and New Bombay in India. ... This article is about the economic term. ... Wireless local loop (WLL), also called Broadband Wireless Access (BWA) radio in the loop (RITL) or fixed-radio access (FRA) or fixed-wireless access (FWA) or Fixed Wireless Terminal (FWT), is the use of a wireless communications link as the last mile / first mile connection for delivering plain old telephone... Motorola T2288 mobile phone A mobile phone is a portable electronic device which behaves as a normal telephone whilst being able to move over a wide area (compare cordless phone which acts as a telephone only within a limited range). ... Vodafone Essar is the third largest cellular operator in India that covers 16 telecom circles in India [1]. Despite the change in name of the company from Hutch Essar, the marketing brand remains to be Hutch; although, the brand is about to be changed to Vodafone on 21 September 2007. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Bharti Televentures. ... BPL is an Indian electronics company. ... Reliance Communications (formerly Reliance Infocomm), along with Reliance Telecom and Flag Telecom, is part of Reliance Communications Ventures (RCoVL). ... Tata Indicom is a private telecom service provider operating in most parts of India. ... For other uses, see GSM (disambiguation). ... General Information Generically (as a multiplexing scheme), code division multiple access (CDMA) is any use of any form of spread spectrum by multiple transmitters to send to the same receiver on the same frequency channel at the same time without harmful interference. ... Broadband Internet access, often shortened to broadband Internet or just broadband is a high data-transmission rate Internet connection. ... The Tata Group is Indias largest conglomerate company, with revenues in 2005-06 of Rs. ...


Since 1995, many parts of the city also have access to piped gas, provided by Mahanagar Gas Limited, which also provides compressed natural gas to 127 gas stations.

See also: Mumbai's water sources

...

Demographics

According to the 2001 census, the population of Mumbai is about 13 million,[40] with the population of the urban agglomerate exceeding 16 million.[41] The Rural Mumbai Metropolitan Region has a population of 1.04 million.[32] As of the 2008 extrapolations carried out by the World Gazetteer, Mumbai has a population of 13,662,885[42] and the Mumbai Metropolitan Area has a population of 20,870,764.[43] The population density is estimated to be about 22,000 persons per square kilometre. The overall literacy rate of the city is above 86%, higher than the national average.[44] There are 875 females to every 1,000 males – which is lower than the national average. The Mumbai metropolitan area also known as the Greater Mumbai urban agglomeration is an agglomeration (or urbanised area) consisting of the metropolis of Mumbai and its satellite towns. ... The Mumbai metropolitan area also known as the Greater Mumbai urban agglomeration is an agglomeration (or urbanised area) consisting of the metropolis of Mumbai and its satellite towns. ...


The religions represented in Mumbai include Hindus (68% of the population), Muslims (17% of the population), and Christians and Jains (4% each). The remainder are Parsis, Buddhists, Sikhs, Jews and atheists.[citation needed] This article discusses the adherents of Hinduism. ... There is also a collection of Hadith called Sahih Muslim A Muslim (Arabic: مسلم, Persian: Mosalman or Mosalmon Urdu: مسلمان, Turkish: Müslüman, Albanian: Mysliman, Bosnian: Musliman) is an adherent of the religion of Islam. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Relation to other religions Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Christianity Portal This box:      Christianity is a monotheistic[1] religion centered on the life and teachings of Jesus of Nazareth as presented in the New Testament. ... The hand with a wheel on the palm symbolizes the Jain Vow of Ahinsa, meaning non-injury and nonviolence. ... This article is about the Parsi community. ... A replica of an ancient statue found among the ruins of a temple at Sarnath Buddhism is a philosophy based on the teachings of the Buddha, Siddhārtha Gautama, a prince of the Shakyas, whose lifetime is traditionally given as 566 to 486 BCE. It had subsequently been accepted by... Religions Sikhism Scriptures Guru Granth Sahib Languages English, Punjabi] A Sikh (English: or ; Punjabi: , , IPA: ) is an adherent to Sikhism. ... For information about the band, see Atheist (band). ...

Since the 1970's, Mumbai witnessed a construction boom and a significant influx of migrants, making it India's largest city.

According to the 1991 census, the ethnic groups demographics are - Maharashtrians (53%), Gujaratis (22%), North Indians (17%), Tamilians (3%), Sindhis (3%), Tuluvas/Kannadigas (2%) and others.[citation needed] Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution‎ (2,031 × 1,523 pixels, file size: 639 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Uploaded to Wiki by user:nikkul Uploaded on May 23, 2007 by Flickr user: Jayaram http://flickr. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution‎ (2,031 × 1,523 pixels, file size: 639 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Uploaded to Wiki by user:nikkul Uploaded on May 23, 2007 by Flickr user: Jayaram http://flickr. ... The Marathi people or Maharashtrians (Marathi: मराठी माणसं or महाराष्ट्रीयन)are an Indo-Aryan ethnic group that inhabit the Maharashtra region and state of western India. ... Gujarati can mean two distinct things: The Gujarati language is a language spoken in India,and pakistan [1] mostly in and around the Gujarat state. ... Tamil New Year Ethnic problems In India After independence, Tamilians felt they and their dravidian race were ignored by the North Indians. ... Sindhis (सिन्धी, سنڌي) are an Indo-Aryan language speaking socio-ethnic group of people originating in Sindh which is part of present day Pakistan. ... Languages Tulu Religions Hinduism, Christianity, Buddhism Related ethnic groups Dravidian people Brahui people Gonds Kannadigas Malayalis Tamils Telugus The Tuluvas (Tulu: ತುಲುವ) are speakers of the Tulu language. ... Kannadiga (Kannada: ಕನ್ನಡಿಗ |masculine|), or Kannadati (Kannada: ಕನ್ನಡತಿ |feminine|) are an ethnic group primarily located in the state of Karnataka in India and neighbouring areas like Andhra Pradesh, Tamilnadu, Kerala, Goa and Maharashtra. ...


Mumbai has a large polyglot population unlike any other metropolitan city of India. Marathi, the official language of Maharashtra state, is widely spoken. Other languages spoken are Hindi and English. A colloquial form of Hindi, known as Bambaiya – a blend of Marathi, Hindi, Indian English and some invented colloquial words are spoken on the streets. English is extensively spoken, and is the principal language of the city's white collar workforce. Bilingual redirects here. ... The following is a list of Indian city statuses used by the Government of India to allocate compensatory allowances to the cities in the country. ... Marathi is one of the widely spoken languages of India, and has a long literary history. ... Hindi (DevanāgarÄ«: or , IAST: , IPA:  ), an Indo-European language spoken all over India in varying degrees and extensively in northern and central India, is one of the 22 official languages of India and is used, along with English, for central government administrative purposes. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... Bambaiyya Hindi, Mumbaiyya, or Bombay Hindi is a vernacular form of Hindi spoken primarily in Mumbai (Bombay, formerly). ... Marathi is one of the widely spoken languages of India, and has a long literary history. ... Hindi (DevanāgarÄ«: or , IAST: , IPA:  ), an Indo-European language spoken all over India in varying degrees and extensively in northern and central India, is one of the 22 official languages of India and is used, along with English, for central government administrative purposes. ... Indian English comprises several dialects or varieties of English spoken primarily in India, and/or by first generation Indian diaspora elsewhere in the world. ... White-collar workers perform tasks which are less laborious yet often more highly paid than blue-collar workers, who do manual work. ...


Like other metropolises in the developing world, Mumbai suffers from the same major urbanisation problems seen in many fast growing cities in developing countries — widespread poverty and unemployment, poor public health, civic and educational standards for a large section of the population. With available space at a premium, Mumbai residents often reside in cramped, relatively expensive housing, usually far from workplaces, and therefore requiring long commutes on crowded mass transit, or clogged roadways. According to 2001 census of India, about 54% of the city's population lives in slums.[45] Mumbai recorded 27,577 incidents of crime in 2004, which is down 11% from 30,991 in 2001. The city's main jail is the Arthur Road Jail. The number of migrants to Mumbai from outside Maharashtra during the 1991-2001 decade was 1.12 million, which amounted to 54.8% of the net addition to the population of Mumbai.[46] A metropolis (in Greek metera = mother and polis = city/town) is a major city (nowadays in most cases with a population of at least one million), which is a significant economical, political and cultural center for some country or region, and usually an important hub for international connections and communications. ... A developing country is a country with low average income compared to the world average. ... Arthur Road Jail is Mumbais largest and oldest jail. ... , Maharashtra (Marathi: महाराष्ट्र , IPA  , translation: Great Nation) is Indias third largest state in area and second largest in population after Uttar Pradesh. ...

See also: Growth of Mumbai and Mumbai statistics

The following is a timeline of the growth of Mumbais population over the last four centuries 1661: 10,000 inhabitants 1675: 60,000 1864: 816,562 1872: 644,605 1881: 773,196 1891: 821,764 1901: 812,912 (Greater Bombay) 1911: 1,018,388 1921: 1,244,934 1931... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...

People and Culture

Main article: Mumbai culture
The Asiatic Society of Bombay is a library that holds Indian literature
The Asiatic Society of Bombay is a library that holds Indian literature

A resident of Mumbai is called a Mumbaikar, Mumbaite or Bombayite. Many residents live close to major railway stations for easy access to their workplaces, as a significant amount of time is spent on daily commuting.Mumbai's appetizing foods and cuisines have been influenced by the rich but not too spicy styles of cooking from the surrounding Maharashtra and Gujarat states. Some of the unique and famous palatable specialties include Dhan Sak, Khicheri, Bombli Batata Bhaji, Kamag Kakri, Solachi Kadhi, Min Vela Curry and Curried Bombay Duck.[47] Local roadside fast food includes vada pav, panipuri, paav bhaji, and bhelpuri. Ganesh festival A resident of Mumbai is called a Mumbaikar or Bombayite. ... The Asiatic Society of Bombay is a public state library in the city of Mumbai, India. ... Mumbaikar is a term used to describe Bombayites after Bombay was renamed to Mumbai. ... , Maharashtra (Marathi: महाराष्ट्र , IPA  , translation: Great Nation) is Indias third largest state in area and second largest in population after Uttar Pradesh. ... This article is for the Indian state. ... Binomial name (Hamilton, 1822) The Bombay duck or bummalo (Harpadon nehereus, Bengali: bamaloh, Gujarati: bumla, Marathi: bombil) is, despite its name, a lizardfish. ... Fast food is food prepared and served quickly at a fast-food restaurant or shop at low cost. ... Jumbo Vada Pav Vada Pav (also spelled Wada Pav and pronounced WUH-daahh POW) is an Indian vegetarian fast food commonly eaten in Maharashtra, India, and is one of the most popular fast-foods in Mumbai. ... Pani Puri is a popular street snack in India. ... TRAINER NAME-MANJESH KUMAR SHARMA TRAINEE NAME-JERRY Bhelpuri (Hindi भेलपूरी, Marathi भेळ) is a type of chaat synonymous with the beaches of Mumbai (Bombay), such as Chowpatty. ...


Mumbai is the birthplace of Indian cinema (Dadasaheb Phalke laid the foundations with his silent movies followed by his Marathi talkies), with the oldest film broadcast here in the early 20th century. Mumbai also boasts of large number of cinemas, including the world's largest IMAX dome theatre,[48] which feature mainstream Bollywood, Marathi and Hollywood movies. Many film festivals are avidly attended throughout the year. Besides catering to cinephiles, the city has a thriving theatrical tradition in Marathi, Hindi, Urdu, English and other regional languages. India is a major regional center for cinema. ... Dhundiraj Govind Phalke, popularly known as Dadasaheb Phalke (Marathi: दादासाहेब फाळके) (April 30, 1870 - February 16, 1944) is known as the father of Indian cinema. ... Marathi cinema (मराठी चित्रपट) is one of the oldest in regional Indian films industry. ... IMAX theatre at the Melbourne Museum complex, Australia BFI London IMAX by night LHemisferic (Ciutat de les Arts i les Ciències) Valencia, Spain IMAX (short for Image Maximum) is a film format created by Canadas IMAX Corporation that has the capacity to display images of far greater... Bollywood (Hindi: , Urdu: ) is the informal term popularly used for Mumbai-based Hindi-language film industry in India. ... Marathi is one of the widely spoken languages of India, and has a long literary history. ... ...

Chowpatty is one of the most famous beaches of Mumbai and a prime spot for Mumbai's roadside cuisine
Chowpatty is one of the most famous beaches of Mumbai and a prime spot for Mumbai's roadside cuisine

Contemporary art is well-represented in both government funded art spaces and private commercial galleries. The government-funded art galleries include The Jehangir Art Gallery and The National Gallery of Modern Art. Built in 1833, the Asiatic Society of Bombay is the oldest public library in the city. The Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Vastu Sangrahalaya (formerly Prince of Wales Museum) is a renowned museum in the heart of South Mumbai near the Gateway of India which houses rare and ancient exhibits of Indian history.[49] Mumbai also has a very popular zoo named Jijamata Udyaan which also harbours a beauteous garden within its boundaries.[50] The city of Mumbai is home to many well known Indian poets. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1136 × 852 pixel, file size: 98 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Uploaded to wiki by user:nikkul Photographer: Harrison Jaffe Author has given permission to upload image to wiki under CC-sa as stated in the message... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1136 × 852 pixel, file size: 98 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Uploaded to wiki by user:nikkul Photographer: Harrison Jaffe Author has given permission to upload image to wiki under CC-sa as stated in the message... The Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York City. ... The Jehangir Art Gallery is Mumbai’s most famous art gallery and a tourist attraction. ... The National Gallery of Modern Art is an art gallery in South Mumbai, India. ... The Asiatic Society of Bombay is a public state library in the city of Mumbai, India. ... Librarians and patrons in a typical larger urban public library. ... The Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Museum (Prince of Wales Museum), Bombay, India, was set up in the early years of the 20th century by some prominent citizens of Bombay with the help of the government, to commemorate the visit of the Prince of Wales, the future King Edward VII of the... South Mumbai South Mumbai (also referred to as South Bombay) is a geographic region in the city of Mumbai, India. ... The Gateway of India as seen from the water. ... Rani Jijamata Udyaan (Rani Bagh) is a garden located in the heart of Mumbai. ... // Sahir Ludhiyanavi Kaifi Azmi Gulzar Sameer Farooq Saeed Anwar Nida Fazli Javed Akhtar Obaid Azam Azmi Irteza Nishat Mumtaz Rashid Hasan kamal Fuzail Jafri Tarz Lucknowi Abdullah Kamal Noman Imam Yusuf Nazim Zafar Abdul Ahad Saaz Ibrahim Ashk Javed Nadeem Suhail Akhtar Qamar siddiqui Qasim Imam Shahid Lateef Hamid Iqbal...


Mumbai has two UNESCO World Heritage Sites, the Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus and the Elephanta Caves.[51] The Western Railways is also planning to make a proposal to the UNESCO to include the Churchgate building in the list of World Heritage Sites.[52] Popular places in the city are Nariman Point, Girgaum Chowpatti, Juhu Beach, and Marine Drive. Essel World[53] is an international-style theme park and amusement centre situated close to Gorai Beach. Asia's largest theme water park, Water Kingdom, is also located in Mumbai.[54] Elabana Falls is in Lamington National Park, part of the Central Eastern Rainforest Reserves World Heritage site in Queensland, Australia. ... Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (Hindi: छत्रपती शिवाजी अंतक), formerly Victoria Terminus, and better known by its abbreviation CST or Bombay VT) is an historic railway station which serves as the headquarters of the Central Railways. ... The Trimurti-Sadasiva Statue The Elephanta Caves are the focal point of the Elephanta Island, located in the Mumbai harbour off the coast of Mumbai (Bombay), India. ... The Western Railway is one of the 16 zones of Indian Railways, and is among the busiest railroad networks in India. ... UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) is a specialized agency of the United Nations established in 1945. ... Churchgate is an area in downtown South Mumbai getting its name from the famous Churchgate Railway Station. ... Elabana Falls is in Lamington National Park, part of the Central Eastern Rainforest Reserves World Heritage site in Queensland, Australia. ... Nariman Point Mumbais tallest buildings are located at Nariman Point Nariman Point is Mumbais premier business district. ... Chowpatti is a famous beach in Mumbai, India. ... Juhu Beach is the most famous beach in Mumbai city, India. ... Marine Drive looking south Marine Drive is a 3 km long boulevard in South Mumbai in the city of Mumbai. ...

Ganesh Chaturthi, a popular festival in the city
Ganesh Chaturthi, a popular festival in the city

Mumbai residents celebrate Western and Indian festivals with great fanfare. Festivals and celebrations are observed by residents of all communities and religions. Diwali, Holi, Christmas, Navratri, Good Friday, Eid, Dussera, Moharram, Ganesh Chaturthi, Durga Puja and Maha Shivratri are some of the most popular festivals in the city. The Kala Ghoda Festival is an exhibition of a world of arts that encapsulates works of artistes in the fields of music, dance, theater, film and all the genres of art that make for the vibrantly rich culture of Mumbai.[55] A week long fair known as the Bandra Fair or the Mount Mary Festival is celebrated by people of all faiths.[56] The Banganga Festival is a two-day music festival, held annually in the month of January which is organised by the Maharashtra Tourism Development Corporation (MTDC) at the historic Banganga Tank in Mumbai.[57] The Elephanta Festival which is celebrated every February on the Elephanta Islands, is dedicated to the classical Indian Dance and Music with artists from across the country converging on the occasion conjuring a mesmerizing atmosphere on this picturesque island.[58] Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Lord Ganesh Shiva Ganesh Chaturthi (IAST: , sanskrit: गणेश चतुर्थी) (Ganesh Festival) is a day on which Lord Ganesha, the son of Shiva and Parvati, is believed to bestow his presence on earth for all his devotees. ... For this articles equivalent regarding the East, see Eastern culture. ... The following is a List of Festivals in India: // Hindu Diwali Bhaubeej Dussehra or Daserra Kumar Purnima Chhath Holi Makar Sankranti Pongal Mahashivratri Ugadi Gudi Padwa Ramanavami Baisakhi Onam Raja Shankranti Puri Jaganath Ratha yatra Ganesh Puja Saraswati Puja PrathamAstami Krishna Janmastami Margasira Guruvaara : Laxmi puja Islamic Bakri Id, (Id... Diwali, or Deepawali, (also called Tihar and Swanti in Nepal) (Markiscarali) is a major Indian and Nepalese festive holiday, and a significant festival in Hinduism, Sikhism and Jainism. ... For the Indian film of the same name, see Holi (film). ... For other uses, see Christmas (disambiguation). ... It has been suggested that Dasara be merged into this article or section. ... Good Friday, also called Holy Friday or Great Friday, is the Friday preceding Easter Sunday. ... The word Eid can mean several things: There are two Islamic festivals of Eid: One is called Eid ul-Fitr (Arabic: عيد الفطر) that marks the end of the holy month of Ramadan, The other is Eid ul-Adha (Arabic: عيد الأضحى) or Eid-e Qurban (Persian: عید قربان) which is celebrated to commemorate Prophet Ibrahim... This article needs cleanup. ... Muharram is the first month of the Islamic calendar. ... Lord Ganesh Shiva Ganesh Chaturthi (IAST: , sanskrit: गणेश चतुर्थी) (Ganesh Festival) is a day on which Lord Ganesha, the son of Shiva and Parvati, is believed to bestow his presence on earth for all his devotees. ... Durga Puja (Bengali: দুর্গাপূজা Durga Puja) is the biggest festival of Hindus in Bihar, West Bengal, East Bengal, Jharkhand, and Bengali Hindus all over the world. ... The festival of Maha Shivratri is looked upon with greatest reverence & respect by the devotees of Lord Shiva. ... The Banganga Tank during the Banganga Festival. ... This page is a candidate for speedy deletion. ...


Mumbai has several sister cities:[59] Sign denoting twin towns of Neckarsulm, Germany Town twinning is a concept whereby towns or cities in geographically and politically distinct areas are paired with the goal of fostering human contact and cultural links. ...

Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Los Angeles and L.A. redirect here. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Japan. ... For the town of Yokohama in Aomori Prefecture, see Yokohama, Aomori. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... For other uses, see Stuttgart (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... This article is about the capital of Germany. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Russia. ... Saint Petersburg (Russian: Санкт-Петербу́рг, English transliteration: Sankt-Peterburg), colloquially known as Питер (transliterated Piter), formerly known as Leningrad (Ленингра́д, 1924–1991) and Petrograd (Петрогра́д, 1914–1924), is a city located in Northwestern Russia on the delta of the river Neva at the east end of the Gulf of Finland... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ...

Media

Mumbai has numerous newspaper publications and television and radio stations. Popular English language newspapers published and sold in Mumbai include the Times of India, Mid-day, DNA, Hindustan Times, Mumbai Mirror, Asian Age and Indian Express. Marathi newspapers include Loksatta, Sakal, Lokmat and Maharashtra Times. Newspapers are also printed in other Indian languages with Navbharat Times in Hindi and The Urdu Times Daily in Urdu being the popular ones. Mumbai is home to Asia's oldest newspaper, Bombay Samachar, which has been published in Gujarati since 1822. Bombay Durpan - the first Marathi newspaper - was started by Balshastri Jambhekar in Mumbai in 1832.[60] Popular magazines are Saaptahik Sakaal, Lokprabha in Marathi and India Today, Outlook in English. Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... The Common Man featured on a commemorative stamp released by the Indian Postal Service on the 150th Anniversary of the Times of India - 1988. ... DNA, the second major newspaper launched in the Indian city of Mumbai in 2005, is an initiative of the Bhaskar Group of Publications, better known for the Dainik Bhaskar - a Hindi language newspaper popular in the middle states of India. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Mumbai Mirror is Indias first compact newspaper being more of a tabloid than anything else in the city of Mumbai. ... The Asian Age newspaper logo The Asian Age is an Indian newspaper. ... The Indian Express is an Indian newspaper started by Ram Nath Goenka, and is published from New Delhi. ... Marathi (मराठी ) is an Indo-Aryan language spoken by the Marathi people of western India. ... Lok Satta is also the name of an organisation working for democratic reforms led by Dr. Jayaprakash Narayan, renowned Peoples activist from Andhra Pradesh,India. ... Sakal is a Marathi language newspaper based in Pune, Maharashtra. ... Lokmat is a popular Marathi language newspaper. ... Maharashtra Times is a Marathi daily newspaper which enjoys the second largest readership* in Mumbai, India. ... Navbharat Times is the largest Hindi Daily in Delhi and Bombay. ... Hindi (हिन्दी) is a language spoken mainly in North and Central India. ... The phrase Zaban-e Urdu-e Mualla written in Urdu Urdu () is an Indo-European language of the Indo-Aryan family that developed under Persian, Turkish, Arabic, Hindi, and Sanskrit influence in South Asia during the Delhi Sultanate and Mughal Empire (1200-1800). ... The Bombay Samachar is the oldest newspaper in India. ... Marathi (मराठी ) is an Indo-Aryan language spoken by the Marathi people of western India. ... 30th Anniversary issue of India Today India Today is an Indian weekly newsmagazine, in publication since 1975. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ...

Bollywood is based in Mumbai
Bollywood is based in Mumbai

Numerous Indian and foreign channels can be watched in Mumbai. Mumbai households receive over a hundred television channels via cable, and a majority of them are produced to cater to the city's polyglot populace. The metropolis is also the hub of many international media corporations, with many news channels and print publications having a major presence. The national television broadcaster, Doordarshan, provides two free terrestrial channels, while three main cable networks serve most households. Zee Marathi, ETV Marathi, DD Sahyadri, Zee TV, STAR Plus and news channels are popular. Popular news channels entirely dedicated to the city include Sahara Samay Mumbai. Satellite television (DTH) has yet to gain mass acceptance, due to high installation costs. Popular DTH entertainment services in Mumbai include Dish TV and Tata Sky. There are twelve radio stations in Mumbai, with nine broadcasting on the FM band, and three All India Radio stations broadcasting on the AM band.[61] Mumbai also has access to popular Commercial radio providers like WorldSpace, Sirius and XM. The Conditional Access System (CAS) started by the Union Government in 2006 has met a very poor response in Mumbai due to the arduous competition from its sister technology Direct-to-Home (DTH) transmission service.[62] Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution‎ (1,024 × 768 pixels, file size: 702 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Uploaded on August 29, 2006 by Skip The Budgie Uploaded to wiki by User nikkul http://flickr. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution‎ (1,024 × 768 pixels, file size: 702 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Uploaded on August 29, 2006 by Skip The Budgie Uploaded to wiki by User nikkul http://flickr. ... Bollywood (Hindi: , Urdu: ) is the informal term popularly used for Mumbai-based Hindi-language film industry in India. ... Bilingual redirects here. ... Doordarshan (sometimes DoorDarshan; ) is a Public broadcast Terrestrial television channel run by Prasar Bharati, a board nominated by the Government of India. ... Zee Marathi (Marathi:झी मराठी) is India-based satellite television channel, which carries broadcasts in Marathi. ... ETV Marathi is a popular Marathi-language television channel. ... Zee TV is an India-based satellite television channel in the Zee Network umbrella, which carries broadcasts in Hindi, Urdu, and other regional languages of India. ... STAR Plus is Indias most watched Hindi language based general entertainment television channel. ... Direct broadcast satellite (DBS) is a term used to refer to satellite television broadcasts intended for home reception, also referred to as direct-to-home signals. ... Direct broadcast satellite (DBS) is a term used to refer to satellite television broadcasts intended for home reception, also referred to as direct-to-home signals. ... The introduction to this article provides insufficient context for those unfamiliar with the subject matter. ... Tata Sky is a DTH satellite television provider in India. ... In telecommunications, frequency modulation (FM) conveys information over a carrier wave by varying its frequency. ... For the electronica band, see All India Radio (band). ... Amplitude modulation (AM) is a technique used in electronic communication, most commonly for transmitting information via a radio carrier wave. ... Commercial broadcasting - Wikipedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... WorldSpaces AfriStar control center in Washington, D.C. WorldSpace is the worlds first digital satellite radio network. ... Sirius Satellite Radio NASDAQ: SIRI is one of two satellite radio (SDARS) services operating in the United States and Canada, along with XM Satellite Radio. ... “XM” redirects here. ... Judiciary Supreme Court of India Chief Justice of India High Courts District Courts Elections Political Parties Local & State Govt. ... Direct broadcast satellite (DBS) is a term used to refer to satellite television broadcasts intended for home reception, also referred to as direct-to-home signals. ...


Bollywood, the Hindi film industry that is the largest film producer in the world, is based in Mumbai. Bollywood produces more than 800 films a year, twice as many as Hollywood. It has an audience of 3.6 billion people.[63] Film studios in Goregaon, including Film City, are the location for many movie sets. The Marathi Film Industry is also based in Mumbai. Bollywood (Hindi: , Urdu: ) is the informal term popularly used for Mumbai-based Hindi-language film industry in India. ... Bollywood (Hindi: , Urdu: ) is the informal term popularly used for Mumbai-based Hindi-language film industry in India. ... American cinema has had a profound effect on cinema across the world since the early 20th century. ... Marathi cinema (मराठी चित्रपट) is one of the oldest in regional Indian films industry. ...

See also: List of Mumbai radio stations, List of Poets from Mumbai

There are twelve radio stations in Mumbai, with eight broadcasting on the FM band of which two are by AIR, three stations broadcasting on the AM mediumwave band (all AIR) and one on the AM shortwave band (also AIR). ... // Sahir Ludhiyanavi Kaifi Azmi Gulzar Sameer Farooq Saeed Anwar Nida Fazli Javed Akhtar Obaid Azam Azmi Irteza Nishat Mumtaz Rashid Hasan kamal Fuzail Jafri Tarz Lucknowi Abdullah Kamal Noman Imam Yusuf Nazim Zafar Abdul Ahad Saaz Ibrahim Ashk Javed Nadeem Suhail Akhtar Qamar siddiqui Qasim Imam Shahid Lateef Hamid Iqbal...

Education

Nehru Science Centre is India's largest interactive science center
Nehru Science Centre is India's largest interactive science center

Schools in Mumbai are either "municipal schools" (run by the BMC) or private schools (run by trusts or individuals), which in some cases receive financial aid from the government. The schools are affiliated either with the Maharashtra State Board (MSBSHSE), the all-India Council for the Indian School Certificate Examinations (CISCE) and the Central Board for Secondary Education (CBSE) boards. Marathi or English is the usual language of instruction. The government run public schools lack many facilities, but are the only option for poorer residents who cannot afford the more expensive private schools. A majority of residents prefer private schools because of better infrastructure and the use of English as a medium of instruction. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (959x1297, 789 KB) Nehru Centre at Worli I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (959x1297, 789 KB) Nehru Centre at Worli I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ... Nehru Science Centre , Mumbai is Indias largest interactive science center located in Worli . ... Administrative headquarters of the BMC. Coat of Arms of the City of Mumbai [1] The Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai (formerly Bombay Municipal Corporation) or the Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation (Marathi: बृहन्मुंबई महानगर पालिका) is Indias richest municipal organisation. ... The Maharashtra State Secondary and Higher Secondary Education Board is a statutory and autonomous body established under the Maharashtra Secondary Boards Act 1965 (amended in 1977). ... This is the best eductional board in the country. ... The Central Board of Secondary Education is a board of school education in India. ... Marathi (मराठी ) is an Indo-Aryan language spoken by the Marathi people of western India. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ...


Under the 10+2+3/4 plan, students complete ten years of schooling, and then enroll for two years in Junior College, where they select one of three streams: arts, commerce or science. This is followed by either a general degree course in a chosen field of study, or a professional degree course, such as law, engineering, medicine etc. Most colleges in the city are affiliated with the University of Mumbai, one of the largest universities in the world in terms of the number of graduates. The Indian Institute of Technology, Mumbai which is India's premier engineering schools, VJTI (Veermata Jijabai Technological Institute), SNDT Women's University, and Tata Institute of Social Sciences are the other universities in Mumbai. India has had a long, interesting history of education and has been a seat of learning for . ... For the Indian grade 11 and 12 schools, see Junior College A junior college is a two-year post-secondary school whose main purpose is to provide a method of obtaining academic, vocational and professional education. ... In the history of education, the seven liberal arts comprise two groups of studies, the trivium and the quadrivium. ... The University of Mumbai (मुंबई विद्यापीठ)(formerly University of Bombay) is a university situated in Maharashtra state of India. ... For the community in Florida, see University, Florida. ... The Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay (IIT Bombay)is one of the Indian Institutes of Technology. ... Veermata Jijabai Technological Institute (VJTI) (formerly known as Victoria Jubilee Technological Institute) is an engineering college in Mumbai, India (established 1887). ... SNDT logo SNDT is a womens university in the city of Mumbai, India. ... Tata Institute of Social Sciences is a prominent social work institute based in Chembur, Mumbai, India. ...


Mumbai is home to two of India's important research institutions – The Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR),Indian Institute of Technology-Bombay and the Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC). Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR) is the foremost research institute in India. ... The Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC) is Indias primary nuclear research facility. ...

See also: List of Mumbai Colleges

This is a list of reputed colleges in the city of Mumbai, India. ...

Sports

Brabourne Stadium, one of the oldest cricket stadiums in the city
Brabourne Stadium, one of the oldest cricket stadiums in the city

Cricket is the most popular sport in the city, and is usually played in the maidans (grounds) around the city. Gully cricket, a modified form of cricket, is played in the narrow by-lanes of the city. Mumbai is home to the Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI). The Mumbai Indians of the Indian Premier League (IPL) is based in Mumbai.[64] International cricket is widely watched, and the city comes to a virtual standstill on days when the Indian cricket team plays important matches. The local Mumbai cricket team is among the strongest competitors and the most successful team in the Ranji Trophy, the nation's top domestic cricketing circuit. The Mumbai Champs, one of the six teams competing in the Indian Cricket League (ICL) is based in Mumbai. The city has two international cricket stadiums, the Wankhede Stadium and the Brabourne Stadium. The Wankhede stadium is set to host the final of 2011 Cricket World Cup. Eminent cricketers from Mumbai include Sachin Tendulkar, Sunil Gavaskar and Vijay Hazare. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1024 × 768 pixel, file size: 378 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Author: Ojas http://www. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1024 × 768 pixel, file size: 378 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Author: Ojas http://www. ... The Brabourne stadium west gate, facing Marine Drive. ... This article is about the sport. ... The Maidan is an unofficial region of Karnataka state of southern India. ... Example of Beach cricket Backyard cricket, Street cricket, beach cricket or garden cricket is an informal ad hoc variant of the game of cricket, played by people of both sexes and all ages in gardens, back yards, on the street, in parks, carparks, beaches and any area not specifically intended... For the defunct bank see Bank of Credit and Commerce International The Board of Control for Cricket in India, or BCCI, is the apex governing body for cricket in India and lays down its law. ... The Indian Premier League (also known as the DLF (Delhi Land and Finance) Indian Premier League), is a Twenty20 cricket competition created by the Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI). ... The Indian cricket team is an international cricket team representing India. ... The Mumbai cricket team is one of the top cricket teams in the Ranji Trophy, Indias top domestic competition. ... The Ranji Trophy is the domestic first-class cricket championship played in India between state and city sides, equivalent to county cricket in England and the Sheffield Shield in Australia, and also denotes the trophy that is awarded to the winner. ... Mumbai Champs is one of the six teams for proposed private cricket league called Indian Cricket League (ICL). ... The Indian Cricket League (ICL) is a private cricket league that runs parallel to the existing cricket league managed by BCCI. At the moment, matches in the ICL follow the Twenty20 format. ... The Wankhede stadium. ... The Brabourne stadium west gate, facing Marine Drive. ... The 2011 Cricket World Cup will be the tenth time this tournament has been held, and will be held in the four Asian Test cricket playing countries Bangladesh, India, Pakistan and Sri Lanka. ... Tendulkar redirects here. ... Sunil Manohar Gavaskar   (Marathi:सुनिल मनोहर गावसकर) (born July 10, 1949 at Bombay, Maharashtra), nicknamed Sunny, was a cricket player during the 1970s and 1980s for Bombay and India. ... Vijay Samuel Hazare (11 March 1915–18 December 2004) was an Indian cricket player from the state of Maharashtra. ...


Football is the second most popular sport with the city. The Football World Cup is one of the most widely watched television events in Mumbai. The Mumbai FC (Mumbai Football Club) is one of the renowned Indian football clubs based in Mumbai.[65] India's national sport, field hockey, has gone into decline in the recent years, losing out in terms of popularity to cricket. Mumbai is home to the Maratha Warriors, one of the few teams competing for the Premier Hockey League (PHL) from Maharashtra. Chess is also a very popular indoor sport played in Mumbai. Other sports are mostly played in the numerous clubs and gymkhanas, and include tennis, squash, billiards, badminton, table tennis and golf. Mumbai also plays Rugby union, one of the few Indian cities to do so. Every February, Mumbai holds the Derby races in the Mahalaxmi Racecourse. In recent times Formula 1 racing has also caught on. The Force India team of Formula One has also unveiled its 2008 car in Mumbai.[66] In March 2004, Mumbai Grand Prix was held as part of the F1 powerboat world championship. Other sports such as volleyball and basketball are mostly popular in schools and colleges. Soccer redirects here. ... The FIFA World Cup Trophy, which has been awarded to the world champions since 1974. ... Mumbai FC is an Indian football club based in Mumbai. ... A game of field hockey in progress Field hockey is a popular sport for men, women and children in many countries around the world. ... The Maratha Warriors are the Premier Hockey League team from Maharashtra, led by Captain Viren Rasquinha. ... The Premier Hockey League (PHL) is a new domestic field hockey competition introduced in India. ... , Maharashtra (Marathi: महाराष्ट्र , IPA  , translation: Great Nation) is Indias third largest state in area and second largest in population after Uttar Pradesh. ... This article is about the Western board game. ... Gymkhana is an Indian term for a place where sporting events take place and refers to any of various meets at which contests are held to test the skill of the competitors, such as in the sports of equestrianship, gymnastics, or sports car racing. ... This article is about the sport, tennis. ... Squash racquet and ball Players in a glass-backed squash court International Squash Singles Court, as specified by the World Squash Federation Squash is an indoor racquet sport that was formerly called Squash racquets, a reference to the squashable soft ball used in the game (compared with the harder ball... This article is about the various cue sports. ... This article is about the sport. ... Ping Pong redirects here. ... This article is about the game. ... For other uses, see Rugby (disambiguation). ... A derby (pronounced dar-bee /dɑːbɪ/ in most of the English-speaking world and dur-bee /dÉšbɪ/ in North American English) is a type of horse race, named after the Epsom Derby, still run at Epsom racecourse in England. ... The Mahalaxmi Racecourse is a horse racing ground in the Indian city of Bombay. ... Formula One, abbreviated to F1 and also known as Grand Prix racing, is the highest class of single-seat open-wheel auto racing. ... Force India F1 (Force1ndia) is a Formula One motor racing team. ... F1 redirects here. ... The tone or style of this article or section may not be appropriate for Wikipedia. ... For the ball used in this sport, see Volleyball (ball). ... This article is about the sport. ...


In 2004, the Mumbai Marathon, an annual marathon event, was established in a bid to bring the sport to the Indian public. Since 2006, Mumbai has also played host to the Kingfisher Airlines Tennis Open, an International Series tournament of the ATP Tour. Mcdowell's Derby is held in February at the Turf club in Mumbai[citation needed]. The Mumbai Marathon is an international event held annually in January. ... The Kingfisher Airlines Tennis Open is a tennis tournament held in Mumbai, India. ... International Series is a series of professional tennis tournaments held internationally that are part of the ATP Tour. ... The Association of Tennis Professionals (ATP) was formed in 1972 to protect the interests of male professional tennis players. ... A Kingfisher beer advertisement in Goa United Breweries Group, based in Bangalore, is the worlds 2nd largest brewer and the largest in India. ... This article is about the city in England. ... Turf Club may refer to: Turf Club (Gentlemens Club), a club in London, UK Turf Club, Gauteng, a suburb of Johannesburg, South Africa Turf Club (venue), a live music venue in Saint Paul, Minnesota, U.S. In horse racing clubs: Penang Turf Club Perak Turf Club Pony Turf Club...


See also

Victoria Station, Bombay, circa 1903 The history of Mumbai recounts the growth of a collection of islands on the western coast of India becoming the commercial and cultural capital of the nation and one of the most populous cities in the world. ... The Hindu Silhara dynasty ruled the region around present day Mumbai from the 9 century to the 13 century. ... Bombay Presidency was a former province of British India. ... The original islands Seven islands were merged to form the city of Bombay (now called Mumbai): Isle of Bombay Colaba Little Colaba or Old Womans Island Mahim Mazagaon Parel Worli The nearby islands of Trombay and Salsette were also merged to form the surburban Greater Bombay. ... This page is a candidate for speedy deletion. ... The Kanheri Caves are a protected archaeological site in Mumbai, India. ... The Banganga Tank during the Banganga Festival. ... Old Bombay was used to refer to the area which was formed by the merging of the seven original islands of Mumbai, India. ... The Worli Fort is an ancient British fort in Worli area in Bombay, India. ... Samyukta Maharashtra Samiti (Marathi:संयुक्त महाराष्ट्र समिति) was an organisation that spearheaded the demand, in the 1950s, for the creation of a separate Marathi-speaking state out of the (then bilingual) State of Bombay in western India. ... Although numerous riots have occurred in the City of Mumbai, India (Bombay) since Independence, the Bombay Riots usually refers to the riots in Mumbai, in December 1992 and January 1993, in which 900 people died. ... The 1993 Mumbai bombings were a series of 15 bomb explosions that took place in Mumbai (Bombay), India on March 12, 1993. ... Map showing the Western line and blast locations. ... The following is a timeline of the growth of Mumbais population over the last four centuries 1661: 10,000 inhabitants 1675: 60,000 1864: 816,562 1872: 644,605 1881: 773,196 1891: 821,764 1901: 812,912 (Greater Bombay) 1911: 1,018,388 1921: 1,244,934 1931... See also: History of Mumbai, Mumbai // up to 18th century 600 BC — First known permanent settlement. ... Flora and fauna of Mumbai Avifauna Pied cuckoo - papiya, Chatak, Shah bulbul Pitta - navrang, Shumchala Koel - kokila Cattle Egret - gochandi khao ; doria bgala Peafowl - mayur, mor Baya Weaver Bird - baya,son-chiti Oriental dwarf kingfisher - meni ponman Bulbul - kamera bulbul, pahari bulbul Magpie Robin - Dominga, Shaiyar Coppersmith - kath[hora, chota... Powai Lake Powai Lake is a large artificial lake, situated in a northern suburb of (Mumbai). ... Vihar lake is Mumbais largest lake. ... Italic textLink titlelink title Headline text Media:Example. ... Thane Creek is the estuary of the Ulhas river, opening into Bombay Harbour. ... River Ulhas is a river in the Indian state of Maharashtra originating in the Western Ghats. ... Gilbert Hill is a 200 foot (61 m) monolith column of black basalt rock in Andheri, in Mumbai, India. ... Malabar Hill is a small hillock in southern Mumbai (formerly Bombay), India, and is the location of the Walkeshwar Temple, founded by the Silhara kings. ... The island as seen from the sky Salsette (साष्टी) (Portuguese: Salsete, Marathi: Sashti (साष्टी)) is an island in Maharashtra state on Indias west coast. ... A view of the harbour. ... Middle ground off the harbour. ... Mumbai has two weather monitoring stations. ... As a coastal city, Bombay has a whole lot of beaches along its western coast. ... South Mumbai South Mumbai (also referred to as South Bombay) is a geographic region in the city of Mumbai, India. ... , Navi Mumbai (Marathi: नवी मुंबई, IAST: ), formerly known as New Bombay, is a twin city of Mumbai, India. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... The Gateway of India as seen from the water. ... Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (Hindi: छत्रपती शिवाजी अंतक), formerly Victoria Terminus, and better known by its abbreviation CST or Bombay VT) is an historic railway station which serves as the headquarters of the Central Railways. ... The Naval Dockyard is one of the oldest establishments in the city of Bombay, India. ... The RBI headquarters in Mumbai The RBI Regional Office in Mumbai The RBI heaquarters in Delhi. ... The Bombay Stock Exchange The Bombay Stock Exchange Limited (Marathi:मुंबई शेयर बाजार) (formerly, The Stock Exchange, Mumbai; popularly called The Bombay Stock Exchange, or BSE) is the oldest stock exchange in Asia. ... Hutatma Chowk is a square in south Mumbai, formerly known as Flora Fountain, where in 1960 peaceful agitators of the Samyukta Maharashtra Samiti were fired upon by police. ... Picture of Mumbais GPO. The General Post Office is the central post office of the city of Mumbai in India. ... Side view of Shreepati Arcade. ... Located in Fort, Regal Cinema is one of the oldest in Mumbai, India. ... The Basilica of Our Lady of the Mount more commonly known as Mount Mary is a Roman Catholic church in the city of Mumbai, India. ... Haji Ali dargah as seen from Worli Entrance to the dargah The Haji Ali Dargah (Hindi: ) is a mosque and dargah (tomb) located on an islet off the coast of Worli in Mumbai. ... Flora Fountain Flora Fountain (now known as Hutatma Chowk) is a stone fountain situated in Fort business district in the heart of South Mumbai, Mumbai, India. ... The David Sassoon Library is the name of a famous library and heritage structure in Mumbai, India. ... Crawford Market is one of Bombays most famous markets. ... Mumba Devi Mandir, or Mumba Devi Temple, is an old Hindu temple in the city of Mumbai (formerly Bombay) dedicated to the goddess Mumba. ... Mahalaxmi temple is one of the most famous temples of Mumbai. ... The Prince of Wales Museum (now renamed Chatrapati Shivaji Museum), Bombay, India, was set up in the early years of the 20th century by some prominent citizens of Bombay with the help of the government, to commemorate the visit of the Prince of Wales, the future King Edward VII of... The National Gallery of Modern Art is an art gallery in South Mumbai, India. ... The Asiatic Society of Bombay is a public state library in the city of Mumbai, India. ... The Jehangir Art Gallery is Mumbai’s most famous art gallery and a tourist attraction. ... Gowalia Tank Maidan (now also known as August Kranti Maidan) is a park in central Bombay where Mahatma Gandhi issued the Quit India movement on 8 August 1942 decreeing that the British must leave India immediately or else mass agitations would take place. ... roadmap Public Transport in Mumbai involves the transport of millions of its citizens by train, road and water. ... The BEST (Marathi: बृहन्मुंबई विद्युतपुरवठा आणि परिवहन उपक्रम / बेस्ट) or the Brihanmumbai Electricity Supply and Transport is Mumbais public transport service and electricity provider. ... The Mumbai Suburban Railway (Marathi: मुंबई उपनगरीय रेल्) system, part of the public transportation system of Mumbai, is provided for by the state-run Indian Railways two zonal Western Railways and Central Railways. ... Central Railway headquarters at Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus The Central Railway is one of the 16 zones of Indian Railways, and is one of the largest. ... The Western Railway is one of the 16 zones of Indian Railways, and is among the busiest railroad networks in India. ... The harbour line is the portion of the Central Railway which literally goes through the Bombay harbour. So, dont be surprised when you see a lot of shunting yards, ship moors and other stuff typical of any place situated closer to the piers -- including warehouses, also known as godowns. ... Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport (Marathi:छ्त्रपती शिवाजी अंतरराष्ट्रीय विमानतळ) (IATA: BOM, ICAO: VABB), formerly Sahar International Airport, is situated in the Megacity of Mumbai in Maharashtra. ... Juhu Aerodrome (IATA: N/A, ICAO: VAJJ) located in Mumbai, was Indias first civil aviation airport opening in 1928 as the then Vile Parle Flying Club. ... Passengers and drivers meet at this auto rickshaw stand in Chennai. ... The Bombay Stock Exchange The Bombay Stock Exchange Limited (Marathi:मुंबई शेयर बाजार) (formerly, The Stock Exchange, Mumbai; popularly called The Bombay Stock Exchange, or BSE) is the oldest stock exchange in Asia. ... The RBI headquarters in Mumbai The RBI Regional Office in Mumbai The RBI heaquarters in Delhi. ... The India Government Mint, Mumbai is one of the five mints in India situated in the city of Mumbai (formerly Bombay). ... Dalal Street (Hindi: दलाल - Dalāl means a broker or dealer) in downtown Mumbai, India is the location of the Bombay Stock Exchange (in the Phiroze Jeejeebhoy Towers at the intersection of Dalal Street, Bombay Samachar Marg and Hammam Street) and many related financial firms and institutions. ... Nariman Point Mumbais tallest buildings are located at Nariman Point Nariman Point is Mumbais premier business district. ... The city has basic landline operators as well as Cell phone operators. ... The University of Mumbai is one of the outstanding universities of India. ... SNDT logo SNDT is a womens university in the city of Mumbai, India. ... Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs) are the premier educational institutions for science and technology spread all over India . ... St. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Veermata Jijabai Technological Institute (VJTI) (established 1887) is one of Indias premier engineering and technical institutes, located in Mumbai, India and attracts top talent. ... This is a list of reputed colleges in the city of Mumbai, India. ... The Mayor of Mumbai is the first citizen of the Indian city of Mumbai. ... The Police Commissioner of Mumbai is the chief of the Mumbai Police. ... The Municipal Commissioner of Mumbai is the chief of the Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation. ... ... The Mumbai Police has the task of policing the vast metropolitan area of Mumbai, one of the largest metropolitan areas in the world. ... The city of Mumbai, India, is divided into administrative divisions. ... The BEST (Marathi: बृहन्मुंबई विद्युतपुरवठा आणि परिवहन उपक्रम / बेस्ट) or the Brihanmumbai Electricity Supply and Transport is Mumbais public transport service and electricity provider. ... Mumbai is one of the most cosmopolitan cities in India with over 50% of its population of non-Maharashtrian ethnicity. ... ... The Bombay High Court was inaugurated on August 14, 1862. ... Ganesh festival A resident of Mumbai is called a Mumbaikar or Bombayite. ... Marathi (मराठी ) is an Indo-Aryan language spoken by the Marathi people of western India. ... Bambaiyya Hindi, Mumbaiyya, or Bombay Hindi (Hindi: बंबय्या हिंदी) is a vernacular form of Hindi spoken primarily in Mumbai (Bombay, formerly). ... Dabbawala in action A dabbawala (literally, one who carries a box, see Etymology), also spelled as dabbawalla or dabbawallah is a person in the Indian city of Mumbai who is employed in a unique service industry whose primary business is collecting the freshly cooked food in lunch boxes from the... Jumbo Vada Pav Vada Pav (also spelled Wada Pav and pronounced WUH-daahh POW) is an Indian vegetarian fast food commonly eaten in Maharashtra, India, and is one of the most popular fast-foods in Mumbai. ... TRAINER NAME-MANJESH KUMAR SHARMA TRAINEE NAME-JERRY Bhelpuri (Hindi भेलपूरी, Marathi भेळ) is a type of chaat synonymous with the beaches of Mumbai (Bombay), such as Chowpatty. ... Here are some of Mumbais cultural establishments that make the city Indias premiere culturally happening city. ... This is a list of picture halls in the city of Mumbai, India: Major Cinemas 24-Carat Apsara Multiplex - 3 Screens Eros Cinema Fame Adlabs Fun Republic G-7 Galaxy Cinema Globus (Cinema) IMAX Adlabs Metro Cinema Minerva Movie Time New Empire (English) New Excelsior R-Adlabs Regal Cinema (English... Mumbai has a centuries old history and many sites of tourist interest. ... The Horniman Circle Gardens is a large park in South Mumbai, India which encompasses an area of 12,081 square yards (10,101 m²). It is situated in the Fort district in Mumbai and is surrounded by the countrys premiere banks. ... Cross Maidan is a vast expanse of land in South Bombay. ... Kamala Nehru Park is a park covering an area of 4000 square yards (3,300 m²). Located at the top of Mumbais Malabar Hill it is named after the wife of Indias first Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru, Kamala Nehru. ... The Hanging Gardens, Mumbai, in Mumbai, India, also known as Ferozeshah Mehta Gardens, are terraced gardens perched at the top of Malabar Hill, on its western side, just opposite the Kamala Nehru Park. ... The path to Kanheri Rivers in the park The Borivali National Park, officially known as the Sanjay Gandhi National Park, is a rare National Park that lies within city limits. ... Rani Jijamata Udyaan (Rani Bagh) is a garden located in the heart of Mumbai. ... The Brabourne stadium west gate, facing Marine Drive. ... The Wankhede stadium. ... The Mahalaxmi Racecourse is a horse racing ground in the Indian city of Bombay. ... Shivaji Park is one of Mumbais most important open spaces and is situated in the central Dadar area of the city . ... Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR) is the foremost research institute in India. ... BARC could mean In India, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre British Automobile Racing Club Brooklyn Animal Resource Coalition Birmingham Amateur Radio Club In Boston, MA, Boston Amateur Radio Club In Beltsville, MD, Beltsville Agricultural Research Center This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists pages that might otherwise share... Three planetaria (see Planetarium) in India are named Nehru Planetarium, after Indias first Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru. ... Nehru Science Centre , Mumbai is Indias largest interactive science center located in Worli . ... Tata Institute of Social Sciences is a prominent social work institute based in Chembur, Mumbai, India. ... Mumbai High is an offshore oilfield off the coast of Mumbai. ... Marine Drive looking south Marine Drive is a 3 km long boulevard in South Mumbai in the city of Mumbai. ... A lane in Kamathipura Kamathipura (also spelled Kamthipura) is Mumbais oldest and Asias largest red-light district. ... Dharavi is a heart-shaped settlement in central Mumbai, India. ... List of prominent Bombayites // Sports Cricket Sachin Tendulkar Sunil Gavaskar Ajit Agarkar Business Anil Ambani Mukesh Ambani Ratan Tata Keertan Adyanthaya Film Amitabh Bachchan Rajendra Patil Ravi DLima Niranjan Shetty Amir Khan Sanjay Dutt Shahrukh Khan Preity Zinta Bipasha Basu Khalid Mohammed Rani Mukherjee Categories: Mumbai ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1280 × 960 pixel, file size: 534 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Sunset Over Bandstand, Mumbai Author: Zia Gheewalla, Flickr user zia21g http://www. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Victoria Station, Bombay, circa 1903 The history of Mumbai recounts the growth of a collection of islands on the western coast of India becoming the commercial and cultural capital of the nation and one of the most populous cities in the world. ... Download high resolution version (1796x1428, 524 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... This page is a candidate for speedy deletion. ... The Kanheri Caves are a protected archaeological site in Mumbai, India. ... The Worli Fort is an ancient British fort in Worli area in Bombay, India. ... Old map of the region (post 1805). ... Old Bombay was used to refer to the area which was formed by the merging of the seven original islands of Mumbai, India. ... INS Vikrant (Hindi: विक्रान्‍त) (formerly HMS Hercules (R49)) was a Majestic-class light aircraft carrier of the Royal Navy. ... Victoria Station, Bombay, circa 1903 The history of Mumbai recounts the growth of a collection of islands on the western coast of India becoming the commercial and cultural capital of the nation and one of the most populous cities in the world. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2592 × 1944 pixel, file size: 2. ... CST Railway Station Chatrapati Shivaji Terminus (formerly Victoria Terminus) (better referred to by its acronym CST) - is a historic railway station on Mumbai suburban railway. ... The Municipal Corporation Building, Mumbai houses the offices of the Bombay Municipal Corporation. ... Flora Fountain Flora Fountain (now known as Hutatma Chowk) is a stone fountain situated in Fort business district in the heart of South Mumbai, Mumbai, India. ... The Worli Fort is an ancient British fort in Worli area in Bombay, India. ... The David Sassoon Library is the name of a famous library and heritage structure in Mumbai, India. ... The Gateway of India as seen from the water. ... The Rajabai Clock tower. ... The Basilica of Our Lady of the Mount more commonly known as Mount Mary is a Roman Catholic church in the city of Mumbai, India. ... Crawford Market is one of Bombays most famous markets. ... The Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Museum (Prince of Wales Museum), Bombay, India, was set up in the early years of the 20th century by some prominent citizens of Bombay with the help of the government, to commemorate the visit of the Prince of Wales, the future King Edward VII of the... The Bombay High Court was inaugurated on August 14, 1862. ... South Mumbai South Mumbai (also referred to as South Bombay) is a geographic region in the city of Mumbai, India. ... Mumbai is Indias most populated city. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1136 × 852 pixel, file size: 98 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Uploaded to wiki by user:nikkul Photographer: Harrison Jaffe Author has given permission to upload image to wiki under CC-sa as stated in the message... Juhu Beach is the most famous beach in Mumbai city, India. ... Versova is a beach-Village in Mumbai (Bombay) located in the suburb of Andheri. ... Madh fort Madh Island is a neighbourhood in northern Mumbai. ... Aksa beach is a popular beach and vacation spot in Aksa village at Malad close to Malvani. ... Marve Beach is located in the Western Suburb of Malad in the city of Mumbai, India. ... Powai Lake Powai Lake is a large artificial lake, situated in a northern suburb of (Mumbai). ... Mumba Devi Mandir, or Mumba Devi Temple, is an old Hindu temple in the city of Mumbai (formerly Bombay) dedicated to the goddess Mumba. ... Lord Shri Siddhivinayak Shree Siddhivinayak Mandir seen in the evening from the corner of SK Bole and Kakasaheb Gadgil Marg. ... Sitala, SÄ«tala Devi or Māri is the Goddess of Smallpox or the Goddess of Disease in popular or non-Vedic Hinduism. ... The Walkeshwar temple and the attached Banganga Tank were built by Chittaraja, a king of the Chittaraja dynasty. ... Ganesh festival A resident of Mumbai is called a Mumbaikar or Bombayite. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution‎ (1,024 × 768 pixels, file size: 702 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Uploaded on August 29, 2006 by Skip The Budgie Uploaded to wiki by User nikkul http://flickr. ... The Jehangir Art Gallery is Mumbai’s most famous art gallery and a tourist attraction. ... The National Gallery of Modern Art is an art gallery in South Mumbai, India. ... The Asiatic Society of Bombay is a public state library in the city of Mumbai, India. ... Marine Drive looking south Marine Drive is a 3 km long boulevard in South Mumbai in the city of Mumbai. ... The Royal Opera House is located in Mumbai, India. ... Located in Fort, Regal Cinema is one of the oldest in Mumbai, India. ... Eros Cinema is a theater located in Mumbai. ... Metro Cinema. ... Nehru Science Centre , Mumbai is Indias largest interactive science center located in Worli . ... Marine Drive looking south Marine Drive is a 3 km long boulevard in South Mumbai in the city of Mumbai. ... Fashion Street - a huddle of little shops on MG Road in South Mumbai. ... Linking Road is a road which extends from Bandra to Santa Cruz. ... The Bandstand Promenade is a kilometer long walkway along the sea on the West side of Bandra, a suburb of Mumbai, India. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution‎ (2,031 × 1,523 pixels, file size: 639 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Uploaded to Wiki by user:nikkul Uploaded on May 23, 2007 by Flickr user: Jayaram http://flickr. ... Nariman Point Mumbais tallest buildings are located at Nariman Point Nariman Point is Mumbais premier business district. ... Malabar Hill is a small hillock in southern Mumbai (formerly Bombay), India, and is the location of the Walkeshwar Temple, founded by the Silhara kings. ... Colaba is a part of the city of Bombay. ... The Bandra-Kurla complex is a planned commercial complex in the suburbs of Mumbai. ... NOTE: - We checked on 18th Nov 2007, Crossroads seems closed for a while! Only the nearby McDonalds is still up and running. ... Fashion Street - a huddle of little shops on MG Road in South Mumbai. ... The Colaba Causeway is a major causeway or land link between Colaba and the Old Womans Island in the city of Mumbai, India. ... Linking Road is a road which extends from Bandra to Santa Cruz. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2572x1592, 609 KB) The Taj Mahal Hotel, built by the Tata family to surpass any of the European-only luxury hotels that were around then, Mumbai. ... The Bombay Stock Exchange The Bombay Stock Exchange Limited (Marathi:मुंबई शेयर बाजार) (formerly, The Stock Exchange, Mumbai; popularly called The Bombay Stock Exchange, or BSE) is the oldest stock exchange in Asia. ... Hutatma Chowk is a square in south Mumbai, formerly known as Flora Fountain, where in 1960 peaceful agitators of the Samyukta Maharashtra Samiti were fired upon by police. ... Haji Ali dargah as seen from Worli Entrance to the dargah The Haji Ali Dargah (Hindi: ) is a mosque and dargah (tomb) located on an islet off the coast of Worli in Mumbai. ... Flora Fountain Flora Fountain (now known as Hutatma Chowk) is a stone fountain situated in Fort business district in the heart of South Mumbai, Mumbai, India. ... The David Sassoon Library is the name of a famous library and heritage structure in Mumbai, India. ... A view of the hotel at night The Taj Mahal Palace is a prestigious hotel located in the Colaba district of Mumbai, India, next to the Gateway of India. ... Three planetaria (see Planetarium) in India are named Nehru Planetarium, after Indias first Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru. ... The India Government Mint operates four mints in the country for the production of coins. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2592x1952, 1811 KB) Hanging Gardens in Mumbai Image taken by me, Nichalp on 4-Mar-06 File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Mumbai Hanging Gardens of Mumbai... The Hanging Gardens, Mumbai, in Mumbai, India, also known as Ferozeshah Mehta Gardens, are terraced gardens perched at the top of Malabar Hill, on its western side, just opposite the Kamala Nehru Park. ... Gowalia Tank Maidan (now also known as August Kranti Maidan) is a park in central Bombay where Mahatma Gandhi issued the Quit India movement on 8 August 1942 decreeing that the British must leave India immediately or else mass agitations would take place. ... The path to Kanheri Rivers in the park The Borivali National Park, officially known as the Sanjay Gandhi National Park, is a rare National Park that lies within city limits. ... Kamala Nehru Park is a park covering an area of 4000 square yards (3,300 m²). Located at the top of Mumbais Malabar Hill it is named after the wife of Indias first Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru, Kamala Nehru. ... Rani Jijamata Udyaan (Rani Bagh) is a garden located in the heart of Mumbai. ... The Horniman Circle Gardens is a large park in South Mumbai, India which encompasses an area of 12,081 square yards (10,101 m²). It is situated in the Fort district in Mumbai and is surrounded by the countrys premiere banks. ... Cross Maidan is a vast expanse of land in South Bombay. ... The Brabourne stadium west gate, facing Marine Drive. ... The Wankhede stadium. ... The Mahalaxmi Racecourse is a horse racing ground in the Indian city of Bombay. ... Shivaji Park is one of Mumbais most important open spaces and is situated in the central Dadar area of the city . ...

References

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  11. ^ Documents from the "Tombo do Estado da Índia" (currently the Historical Archives of Goa or Goa Purabhilekha)
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  17. ^ Raj Thackeray has a point
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  58. ^ The Elephanta Festival. Maharashtra Tourism Development Corporation. Retrieved on 2008-02-07.
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Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 339th day of the year (340th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 273rd day of the year (274th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 225th day of the year (226th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 339th day of the year (340th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 340th day of the year (341st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 340th day of the year (341st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 184th day of the year (185th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 340th day of the year (341st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Common Man featured on a commemorative stamp released by the Indian Postal Service on the 150th Anniversary of the Times of India - 1988. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 41st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 341st day of the year (342nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 45th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 169th day of the year (170th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 47th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 27th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 285th day of the year (286th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 52nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 157th day of the year (158th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 229th day of the year (230th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 16th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 229th day of the year (230th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 31st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 17th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 19th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 44th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 19th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 234th day of the year (235th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 30th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 30th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) is a specialized agency of the United Nations established in 1945. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 221st day of the year (222nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 45th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 29th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 29th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 37th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 18th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 38th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 38th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 358th day of the year (359th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 18th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 22nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 358th day of the year (359th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 28th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 29th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 27th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ...

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India Portal
  • Official site of the Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai
  • Official site of the Mumbai Metropolitan Region Development Authority
  • Official City Report
  • Mumbai travel guide from Wikitravel
  • The Mumbai Pages — a vast collection of information on the city
  • Mumbai Suburban Rail Map (including Proposed Metrol Rail Project)

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Further reading

  • Agarwal, Jagdish; Bombay - Mumbai: A Picture Book (1998) — Wilco Publishing House ISBN 81-87288-35-3
  • BusinessWeek; August 12, 2005; "China and India" special coverage
  • Chaudhari, K.K; History of Bombay (1987) — Modern Period Gazetteers Dept., Govt. of Maharashtra
  • Contractor, Behram; From Bombay to Mumbai (1998) — Oriana Books
  • Dwivedi, Sharada & Mehrotra, Rahul; Bombay, The Cities Within (1995) — India Book House Pvt. Ltd. ISBN 81-85028-80-X
  • Fox, Edmund A; Short History of Bombay Presidency (1887) — Thacker & Co — No ISBN
  • Imperial Gazetteer of India: vol. vii, Behrampore to Bombay. Oxford at the Clarendon Press. 1908. 421 pages.
  • Katiyar, Arun & Bhojani, Namas; Bombay, A Contemporary Account (1996) — Harper Collins ISBN 81-7223-216-0
  • MacLean, James Mackenzie; A Guide to Bombay (1875 & 1902) — Various editions; No ISBN
  • Mappls — Satellite based comprehensive maps of Mumbai (1999) — CE Info Systems Ltd. ISBN 81-901108-0-2
  • Our Greater Bombay (1990) — Maharashtra State Bureau of Textbook Production and Curriculum Research
  • Mehta, Suketu ; Maximum City: Bombay Lost and Found (2004) — Knopf ISBN 0-375-40372-8
  • Patel, Sujata & Thorner, Alice; Bombay, Metaphor for Modern India (1995) — Oxford University Press ISBN 0-19-563688-0
  • The Oxford School Atlas; 28th Revised Edition (1991) — Oxford University Press ISBN 0-19-563316-4
  • Tindall, Gillian; City of Gold (1992) — Penguin ISBN 0-14-009500-4
  • Virani, Pinki; Once was Bombay (1999) — Viking ISBN 0-670-88869-9
  • Sharada Dwivedi,Goddess Island Indian Express, June 6, 2005

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Los Angeles and L.A. redirect here. ... , “Calcutta” redirects here. ... For other uses, see Shanghai (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Moscow (disambiguation). ... Gran Buenos Aires or Greater Buenos Aires is the metropolitan area next to the city of Buenos Aires and comprises the following 24 partidos (administrative subdivisions) of the Province of Buenos Aires. ... Peking redirects here. ... For other uses, see Shenzhen (disambiguation). ... This article is about the Brazilian city. ... Location of Istanbul on the Bosphorus Strait, Turkey Coordinates: , Country Turkey Region Province Istanbul Founded 667 BC as Byzantium Roman/Byzantine period AD 330 as Constantinople Ottoman period 1453 as Constantinople (internationally) and various other names in local languages Turkish Republic period 1923 as Constantinople, officially renamed as Istanbul in... This article is about the capital of France. ... For other uses, see Lagos (disambiguation). ...   (Sindhi: , Urdu: ) is the largest city in Pakistan and is the provincial capital of Sindh province. ... Nagoya ) is the fourth largest city in Japan. ... For other uses, see Chicago (disambiguation). ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... Location within Thailand Coordinates: , Country Settled Ayutthaya Period Founded as capital 21 April 1782 Government  - Type Special administrative area  - Governor Apirak Kosayothin Area  - City 1,568. ... Saigon redirects here. ... Nickname: Map of the Dem. ... For other uses, see Lima (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Tehran (disambiguation). ... Dhaka (previously Dacca; Bengali: Ḍhākā; IPA: ) is the capital of Bangladesh and the principal city of Dhaka District. ... Bogota redirects here. ... Ruhr Area within Germany Map of the Ruhr Area The Ruhr Area, also called simply Ruhr, (German Ruhrgebiet, colloquial Ruhrpott or Kohlenpott) is an urban area in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, consisting of a number of large formerly industrial cities bordered by the rivers Ruhr to the south, Rhine to... Essen is a city in the center of the Ruhr Area in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Düsseldorf (IPA: ) is the capital city of the German Federal State of North Rhine-Westphalia and one of the economic and cultural centres of Germany and western Europe. ... Madras redirects here. ... CITIC Plaza Guangzhou (simplified Chinese: ; traditional Chinese: ; pinyin:  ; jyutping : Gwong²zau¹) is the capital and a sub-provincial city of Guangdong Province in the southern part of the Peoples Republic of China. ...   (Urdu: لاہور, Punjabi: لہور, pronounced ) is the capital of the Punjab and is the second largest city in Pakistan after Karachi. ... For other uses, see Bangalore (disambiguation). ... This article is about the city. ... This article is about the city in South Africa. ... A map of Gauteng, showing the East Rand. ... , For other uses, see Hyderabad. ... Dongguan (Simplified Chinese: ; pinyin: ) is a prefecture-level city in central Guangdong province, Peoples Republic of China. ... Baghdad (Arabic: ) is the capital of Iraq and of Baghdad Governorate. ... Motto: Together Aspire - Together Achieve Location in the province of Ontario, Canada Coordinates: , Country Province Incorporated June 9, 1846[1] Government  - Mayor Fred Eisenberger  - City Council Hamilton City Council  - MPs List of MPs Dean Allison Chris Charlton David Christopherson Wayne Marston David Sweet  - MPPs List of MPPs Sophia Aggelonitis Andrea... Location of Santiago commune in Greater Santiago Coordinates: , Region Province Foundation February 12, 1541 Government  - Mayor Raúl Alcaíno Lihn Area 1  - City 22. ... Miami redirects here. ... San Francisco redirects here. ... For other uses, see San José. Nickname: Location of San Jose within Santa Clara County, California Location of San Jose with the state of California Coordinates: , Country State County Santa Clara Pueblo founded November 29, 1777 Incorporated March 27, 1850 Government  - Type charter city, mayor-council  - Mayor Chuck Reed  - Vice... For other uses, see Philadelphia (disambiguation) and Philly. ... Saint Petersburg (Russian: Санкт-Петербу́рг, English transliteration: Sankt-Peterburg), colloquially known as Питер (transliterated Piter), formerly known as Leningrad (Ленингра́д, 1924–1991) and Petrograd (Петрогра́д, 1914–1924), is a city located in Northwestern Russia on the delta of the river Neva at the east end of the Gulf of Finland...


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Mumbai travel guide - Wikitravel (11471 words)
Mumbai was originally a conglomeration of 7 islands on the Konkan coastline which over time were joined to form the island city of Bombay.
Mumbai's nature as the most eclectic and cosmopolitan Indian city is symbolised in the presence of Bollywood within the city, the centre of the globally-influential Hindi film and TV industries.
Mumbai is different from the rest of India in pretty much the same way that New York is different from the United States.
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