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Encyclopedia > Multiplane camera
A multiplane camera built by an animation hobbyist in 1972.
A multiplane camera built by an animation hobbyist in 1972.

The multiplane camera is a special motion picture camera used in the traditional animation process that moves a number of pieces of artwork past the camera at various speeds and at various distances from one another. This creates a three-dimensional effect, although not actually stereoscopic. Image File history File links Mplane. ... Image File history File links Mplane. ... For other uses see film (disambiguation) Film refers to the celluliod media on which movies are printed Film — also called movies, the cinema, the silver screen, moving pictures, photoplays, picture shows, flicks, or motion pictures, — is a field that encompasses motion pictures as an art form or as part of... A camera is a device used to take pictures (usually photographs), either singly or in sequence, with or without sound recording, such as with video cameras. ... Traditional animation, sometimes also called cel animation or hand-drawn animation, is the oldest and historically the most popular form of animation. ... This US Postage Stamp depicts the 3-D movie craze of the 1950s. ... Stereo card image modified for crossed eye viewing View of Manhattan, c. ...


Various parts of the artwork layers are left transparent, to allow other layers to be seen behind them. The movements are calculated (in later years, often by computer) and photographed frame-by-frame, with the result being an illusion of depth by having several layers of artwork moving at different speeds - the further away from the camera, the slower the speed. The multiplane effect is sometimes referred to as a parallax process. This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... A computer is a machine for manipulating data according to a list of instructions - a program. ... Parallax (Greek: παραλλαγή (parallagé) = alteration) is the change of angular position of two stationary points relative to each other as seen by an observer, due to the motion of an observer. ...


An interesting variation is to have the background and foreground move in opposite directions. This creates an effect of rotation. An early example is the scene in Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs where the evil Queen drinks her potion, and the surroundings appear to spin around her. Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs is the first animated feature in the Disney animated features canon; the first animated feature in Technicolor. ...


History

The first multiplane camera, using four layers of flat artwork before a horizontal camera, was invented by former Walt Disney Studios animator/director Ub Iwerks in 1933, using parts from an old Chevrolet automobile. His multiplane camera was used in a number of the Iwerks Studio's Willie Whopper and Comicolor cartoons of the mid-1930s. The Walt Disney Studios refers to several different entities and locations associated with The Walt Disney Company: The Walt Disney Studios is one of the media empires four main operating units. ... An animator is one who is involved in the process of animation. ... The film director, on the right, gives last minute direction to the cast and crew, whilst filming a costume drama on location in London. ... A publicity photograph (circa 1929) of Ub Iwerks and his most famous co-creation, Mickey Mouse. ... 1933 (MCMXXXIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... Chevrolet, or Chevy for short, is a brand of automobile, now a division of General Motors. ... A small variety of cars, the most popular kind of automobile. ... Willie Whopper opening title Willie Whopper is an animated cartoon character created by American cartoonist, Ub Iwerks. ... The Comicolor series was a series of animated short subjects produced by the Ub Iwerks studio from 1933 to 1936. ... A cartoon is any of several forms of art, with varied meanings that evolved from one to another. ... // Events and trends A public speech by Benito Mussolini, founder of the Fascist movement The 1930s were described as an abrupt shift to more radical lifestyles, as countries were struggling to find a solution to the global depression. ...


The technicians at Fleischer Studios created a similar device, called the Tabletop or Setback, in 1935. Their apparatus used three-dimensional miniature sets built to the scale of the animation artwork. The animation cels were placed so that various objects could pass in front of and behind them, and the entire scene was shot using a horizontal camera. The Tabletop process was used to create distinctive results in Fleischer's Betty Boop, Popeye the Sailor, and Color Classics cartoons. Also Lotte Reiniger used a simple version of a multiplane camera for her movie The Adventures of Prince Achmed (1926). Fleischer Studios, Inc. ... 1935 (MCMXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Betty Boop from the opening title sequence of the earliest entries in the Betty Boop Cartoons. ... Popeye from an opening still from one of his cartoon shorts, with his characteristic corncob pipe and single good eye. ... Color Classics was an animated short subjects series produced by Fleischer Studios from 1934 to 1940 as a competitor to Walt Disneys Silly Symphonies. ... Charlotte Reiniger (June 2, 1899 - June 19, 1981) was a German and later British silhouette animator. ...


The most famous multiplane camera was invented by William Garity for the Walt Disney Studio to be used in the production of Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs. The camera was completed in early 1937 and tested in a Silly Symphony called The Old Mill, which won the 1937 Academy Award for Animated Short Film. Disney's multiplane camera, which used up to seven layers of artwork (painted in oils on glass) shot under a vertical and moveable camera, allowed for more sophisticated uses than the Iwerks or Fleischer versions, and was used prominently in Disney films such as Pinocchio, Fantasia, Bambi, and Peter Pan. Its final use was in 1989's The Little Mermaid, as the process was made obsolete by the implementation of the computerized CAPS process in the subsequent Disney films. An example of digital multiplane can be found in the Firebird section of Disney's Fantasia 2000. The Walt Disney Company (also known as Disney) (NYSE: DIS) is one of the largest media and entertainment corporations in the world. ... Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs is the first animated feature in the Disney animated features canon; the first animated feature in Technicolor. ... 1937 (MCMXXXVII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... Silly Symphonies is a series of cartoons made by Walt Disney Productions. ... The Old Mill is a 1937 Silly Symphonies cartoon produced by Walt Disney, directed by Wilfred Jackson, and released to theatres by RKO Radio Pictures on November 5, 1937. ... 1937 (MCMXXXVII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... This class was known as Short Subjects, cartoons from 1932 until 1970, and as Short Subjects, animated films from 1971 to 1973. ... Mona Lisa, Oil on wood panel painting by Leonardo da Vinci La Donna Velata, painted in 1516, Oil on wood panel painting by Raphael Oil painting is done on surfaces with pigment ground into a medium of oil — especially in early modern Europe, linseed oil. ... This article refers to the material. ... Pinocchio is the second animated feature in the Disney animated features canon. ... Fantasia is a 1940 motion picture, the third in the Disney animated features canon, which was a Walt Disney experiment in animation and music. ... Bambi is the fifth animated feature in the Disney animated features canon, which was originally released to theatres by RKO Radio Pictures on August 13, 1942 and produced by Walt Disney. ... Statue of Peter Pan in St. ... 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Little Mermaid is a Walt Disney animated film adaptation of the Hans Christian Andersen fairy tale The Little Mermaid. ... The Computer Animation Production System (CAPS) is a proprietary collection of software programs, camera systems and custom desks developed by The Walt Disney Company together with Pixar in the late-1980s to computerize the ink and paint and post-production processes of traditionally animated feature films produced by Walt Disney... A digital system is one that uses numbers, especially binary numbers, for input, processing, transmission, storage, or display, rather than a continuous spectrum of values (an analog system) or non-numeric symbols such as letters or icons. ... LOiseau de feu (English: The Firebird; Russian: Жар-птица) is a 1910 ballet by Igor Stravinsky based on the Russian folk tales of the magical glowing bird (see Firebird) that is both a blessing and doom of its captor. ... Fantasia 2000 is the thirty-eighth animated feature in the Disney animated features canon. ...


Yuri Norstein is still using a multiplane camera similar to the one used by the Walt Disney Studio. Yuri Borisovich Norstein (Russian: Юрий Борисович Норштейн) is a Russian animator, most known for the animated short Tale of Tales. ... The Walt Disney Company (also known as Disney) (NYSE: DIS) is one of the largest media and entertainment corporations in the world. ...


The usage of the multiplane effect is not restricted to usage in film animation; many video games, including titles for the Super NES and Sega Genesis such as Super Mario World, Sonic the Hedgehog 2, and Donkey Kong Country, make prominent use of parallax scrolling, a related effect. A computer game is a game composed of a computer-controlled virtual universe that players interact with in order to achieve a defined goal or set of goals. ... The European SNES design is identical to the Super Famicom. ... The Mega Drive/Genesis was a 16-bit video game console released by Sega in Japan (1988), Europe (1990) and most of the rest of the world as the Mega Drive. ... Super Mario World (SMW) (Japanese: スーパーマリオワールド/Suupaa Mario Waarudo/Super Mario Brothers 4: Super Mario World) was the first launch game for the Nintendo Super Famicom/Super Nintendo Entertainment System game consoles, and thereby the 16-bit console debut of Mario. ... Sonic the Hedgehog 2, or simply Sonic 2, is a platform game developed and published by Sega for the Mega Drive/Genesis. ... Donkey Kong Country is a video game developed by Rare and Nintendo, featuring the popular arcade character, Donkey Kong. ... This article may be too technical for most readers to understand. ...


External link

  • Building a low-budget Multiplane camera

  Results from FactBites:
 
Multiplane camera at AllExperts (595 words)
The multiplane camera is a special motion picture camera used in the traditional animation process that moves a number of pieces of artwork past the camera at various speeds and at various distances from one another.
Disney's multiplane camera, which used up to seven layers of artwork (painted in oils on glass) shot under a vertical and moveable camera, allowed for more sophisticated uses than the Iwerks or Fleischer versions, and was used prominently in Disney films such as Pinocchio, Fantasia, Bambi, and Peter Pan.
Yuri Norstein is still using a multiplane camera similar to the one used by the Walt Disney Studios.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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