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Usul al-fiqh

(The roots of jurisprudence) Image File history File links Emblem-important. ... Uṣūl al-fiqh (Arabic: ‎ ) is a term which literally translates to the roots of the law and refers to the study of the origins, sources, and practice of Islamic jurisprudence. ...

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A Mujaddid (Arabic: مجدد), in Islamic tradition, refers to a person who Muslims believe is sent by God in the first half of every century of the Islamic calendar. The mujaddid's objective is to revive Islam, remove from it any extraneous elements and restore it to its pristine state. A mujaddid might be a caliph, saint (wali), a prominent teacher, a scholar or some other kind of influential person. This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Madhhab or Mazhab (Arabic مذهب pl. ... Minhaj means the way/the path. ... In Sunni Islamic jurisprudence, Qiyas is the process of analogical reasoning from a known injunction (nass) to a new injunction. ... This article is being considered for deletion in accordance with Wikipedias deletion policy. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Ijmāʿ (إجماع) is an Arabic tern referring to the consensus of the ummah, the community of Muslims, those practicing Islam, or of the ulema, those learned in the relevant topic. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Ulugh Beg Madrasa, Samarkand, ca. ... An ijazah is a certificate used primarily by Muslims to indicate that one has been authorized by a higher authority to transmit a certain subject or text of Islamic knowledge. ... Istihlal (Arabic: ) is a term used in Islamic jurisprudence, or fiqh, to refer to the act of regarding some action as permissible, or halaal; the implication is that such a regard is an erroneous and improper distortion of Islamic law. ... Istihsan is an Arabic term for juristic preference and is one of the methods of reasoning for understanding the sources of shariah and itjihad. ... For other uses, see Risala (disambiguation). ... In Islamic context, the Ahkam (أحكام) are rulings and orders of the Quran and Sunnah. ... Halaal (حلال, halāl, halal) is an Islamic Arabic term meaning permissible. In English it is most frequently used to refer to food that is permissible according to Islamic law. ... Fard also farida (arabic فرض obligation, duty) is an Islamic term which denotes a religious duty. ... Fard (Arabic: ) also farida (Arabic: ) is an Islamic term which denotes a religious duty. ... Mustahab, recomended, is a Islamic term denoting a actions between Mubah (neutral) and Wajib (actions which must be performed). ... Mubah is an Islamic Arabic term denoting an action as neither forbidden nor commended; neutral. ... Acts and substances which should be evaded by muslims. ... harām (Arabic: حرام Ḥarām, Turkish: Haram, Malay: Haram) is an Arabic word, used in Islam to refer to anything that is prohibited by the faith. ... Batil is an Arabic word meaning falsehood, and can be used to describe a nullified or invalid act or contract according to the sharia. ... A term in Islam. ... Marja (Arabic/Persian: مرجع), also appearing as Marja Taqlid or Marja Dini (Arabic/Persian: مرجع تقليد / مرجع ديني), literally means Source of Emulation or Religious Reference. It is the label provided to Shia authority, a Grand Ayatollah with the authority to make legal decisions within the confines of Islamic law for followers and less-credentialed... Ulema (, transliteration: , singular: , transliteration: , scholar) (The people of Islamic Knowledge) refers to the educated class of Muslim legal scholars engaged in the several fields of Islamic studies. ... Omdurman, Sudan. ... A Mufti (Arabic: مفتى ) is an Islamic scholar who is an interpreter or expounder of Islamic law (Sharia), capable of issuing fataawa (plural of fatwa). // Role of a Mufti in governments In theocracies like Saudi Arabia and Iran, and in some countries where the constitution is based on sharia law, such... Qadi (قاضى) is an Arabic term meaning judge. ... A Faqih is an expert in fiqh, or, Islamic jurisprudence. ... Muhaddith is an Islamic title, referring to one who profoundly knows and narrates hadiths, the chains of their narration (saneed), and the original and famous narrators. ... Mullah (Persian: ملا) is a title given to some Islamic clergy, coming from the Arabic word mawla, meaning both vicar and guardian. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Maulvi (also spelled: Moulvi, Mawlawi and Mawlvi Persian: مولوی) is an honorific Islamic religious title often, but not exclusively, given to Sunni Muslim religious scholars or Ulema preceding their names, similar to the titles Maulana, Mullah or Shaykh. ... For other uses, see Sheikh (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Ayatollah (disambiguation). ... Hafiz or Hafez (Arabic: حافظ), literally meaning guardian, is a term used by Muslims for people who have completely memorized the Quran. ... Hakim is a title in various oriental languages, derived from two separate Arabic words, both transcribed into English as Hakim: // حكيم ħakÄ«m It means wise man or physician Furthermore, al-Hakim the Wise is #47 of names of Allah revealed to man حاكم ħākim It means a ruler, governor, or judge. ... Maulana is a title of respect, technically reserved for Muslim scholars or Ulema (plural of Aalim) who are knowledgable about Islam and have studied under a scholar or at a religious institution, e. ... Arabic redirects here. ... For people named Islam, see Islam (name). ... Allah is the Arabic language word for God. ... The Islamic calendar or Muslim calendar (Arabic: التقويم الهجري; at-taqwÄ«m al-hijrÄ«; Persian: تقویم هجري قمری ‎ taqwÄ«m-e hejri-ye qamari; also called the Hijri calendar) is the calendar used to date events in many predominantly Muslim countries, and used by Muslims everywhere to determine the proper day on which to celebrate... For main article see: Caliphate The Caliph (pronounced khaleef in Arabic) is the head of state in a Caliphate, and the title for the leader of the Islamic Ummah, an Islamic community ruled by the Sharia. ... Wali (Arabic ولي, plural Awliya أولياء, Persian/Turkish pronunciation Vali), is an Arabic word, meaning protector or guardian (most literally etymologically near one), also adopted in various other Islamic cultures. ...

As it says in the hadith:

"Allah shall raise for this Umma at the head of every century a man who shall renew (or revive) for it its religion" (Sunan Abu Dawud, Kitab al-Malahim, ch. 1.)

There are a wide range of opinions about the identity of the mujaddid for any given century, but to a large degree Muslims can agree that, even if they were not the mujaddid of their day, the overwhelming majority of the candidates listed below were great orthodox scholars who made positive contributions to Islam.


List of Possible Mujaddids and Claimants

First Century (after the prophetic period) (August 3, 718) is the 215th day of the year (216th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events Pelayo established the Kingdom of Asturias in the Iberian peninsula (modern day Portugal and Spain). ...

Second Century (August 10, 815) Imam Abu Hanifa Númān ibn Thābit(699 - 765) was an important Islamic scholar and jurist and is considered the founder of the Hanafi school of fiqh. ... Muhammad Ibn Sirin (Arabic,محمد بن سيرين),(born in Basra, Iraq) was a Muslim interpreter of dreams who lived in the 8th century. ... Umar ibn Abd al-Aziz (c. ... is the 222nd day of the year (223rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events An iconoclastic synod is held. ...

Third Century (August 17, 912) Ahmed ibn Hanbal (Arabic: ‏‎‎‎‎‎‎‎‎أحمد بن حنبل‏‎‎‎‏‎‎‎ ‎‎‎‎‎‎‎ Ahmad bin Hanbal ) (780 - 855 CE, 164 - 241 AH) was an important Muslim scholar and theologian of arabic background [9] and descendant from the Banu Shayban Arabian tribe and native of Merw [10]. He is considered the founder of the Hanbali school of fiqh (Islamic jurisprudence). ... al-Hasan al-Basri (Arabic:الحسن البصري) (Abu Said al-Hasan ibn Abi-l-Hasan Yasar al-Basri), (642 - 728 or 737), was a well-known Arab theologian and scholar of Islam who was born at Medina. ... Malik ibn Anas ibn Malik ibn Amr al-Asbahi (Arabic مالك بن أنس) (c. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article may require cleanup. ... is the 229th day of the year (230th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events Orso II Participazio becomes Doge of Venice Patriarch Nicholas I Mysticus becomes patriarch of Constantinople Births November 23 - Otto I the Great Holy Roman Emperor (+ 973) Abd-ar-rahman III - prince of the Umayyad dynasty Deaths Oleg of Kiev Categories: 912 ...

  • Abu Sharh
  • Al-Nasai
  • Ibn Surayj

Fourth Century (August 24, 1009) is the 236th day of the year (237th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events February 14: First known mention of Lithuania, in the annals of the monastery of Quedlinburg. ...

  • Imam Abu Haamid al-Ghazali
  • `Abd al-Ghani al-Maqdisi
  • Abu Bakr Baqlani
  • Abû Hâmid al-Isfarâyînî
  • Abu Ubaid Naishapuri
  • Hakim al-Nishaburi
  • Imam Abu Haatim Raazi
  • Imam Abu Jaafar bin Jareer Tibri
  • Imam al-Bayhaqi
  • Imam Tahtaawi

Fifth Century (September 1, 1106) Abu Abd-Allah Muhammad ibn Abd-Allah al-Hakim al-Nishaburi (d. ... Imam Al-Baihaqi was born 384 AH in the small town of Khusraugird near Bayhaq in Khurasan [1]. During his lifetime, he became a famous hadith scholar. ... is the 244th day of the year (245th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events September 28 - Henry I of England defeats his older brother Robert Curthose, duke of Normandy, at the Battle of Tinchebrai, and imprisons him in Cardiff Castle; Edgar Atheling and William Clito are also taken prisoner. ...

  • Al Sayyid Abdul Qadir Jilani
  • Imam Abul Hussain Ahmed bin Muhammad Abi Bakr-il-Qaadir,
  • Imam Abu Naeem Isfahani
  • Imam Hussain bin Raaghib

Sixth Century (September 9, 1203) Sheikh Muhyiddeen Abdul Qadir Gilani , Abdul Qadir al-Gilani , Abdul Qadir el-Gilani or Moulay Abdelkader Jilali (in Maghreb countries (Arabic: عبد القادر الجيلانى ); (1077 – 1166 CE) was a mystic scholar and saint of Islam. ... is the 252nd day of the year (253rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events April 16 - Philip II of France enters Rouen, leading to the eventual unification of Normandy and France. ...

  • Moinuddin Chishti
  • Fakhr al-Din al-Razi
  • al-Rafi`i
  • Allamah Imam Umar Nasfi
  • Imam Qaazi Fakhrud'Deen Hassan Mansoor
  • Imam Abu Muhammad Hussain bin Mas'ood Fara'a

Seventh Century (September 15, 1300) Moinuddin Chishti dargah, Ajmer, India Khawaja Moinuddin Chishty (Persian: خواجہ معین الدین چشتی ) was born in 1141 and died in 1230 CE, also known as Gharib Nawaz (Persian: غریب نواز ), is the most famous Sufi saint of the Chishti Order of South Asia. ... Fakhr al-Din al-Razi (1149–1209) was a well-known Persian theologian and philosopher from Ray. ... is the 258th day of the year (259th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events February 22 - Jubilee of Pope Boniface VIII. March 10 - Wardrobe accounts of King Edward I of Englanddo (aka Edward Longshanks) include a reference to a game called creag being played at the town of Newenden in Kent. ...

Eighth Century (September 23, 1397) is the 266th day of the year (267th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events February 10 - John Beaufort becomes Earl of Somerset. ...

Ninth Century (October 1, 1494) Ibn Hajar Asqalani is a Sunni Scholar. ... is the 274th day of the year (275th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1494 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Tenth Century (October 19, 1591) Imam Al-Suyuti (c. ... is the 292nd day of the year (293rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1591 was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar). ...

  • Al-Sheikh Ahmad Sirhindi
  • Imam Shahabuddeen Abu Bakr Ahmad bin Muhammad Khatib Qistalaani
  • Imam Muhammad Sharbini
  • Imam Muhammad Ar Ramli

Eleventh Century (October 26, 1688) Ahmad Sirhindi was an Islamic scholar and prominent member of the Naqshbandi Sufi order. ... is the 299th day of the year (300th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... // Events A high-powered conspiracy of notables, the Immortal Seven, invite William and Mary to depose James II of England. ...

Twelfth Century (November 4, 1785) It has been suggested that Wali Allah Dahlawi be merged into this article or section. ... Imam Abd Allah ibn Alawi al-Haddad born in 1634 CE (1044 Hijri). ... is the 308th day of the year (309th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1785 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ...

Thirteenth Century (November 12, 1882) is the 316th day of the year (317th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1882 (MDCCCLXXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ...

  • Bediüzzaman Said Nursi
  • Mirza Ghulam Ahmad (also claimed to be the Promised Messiah and Mahdi, rejected by Ahlus Sunnah group)
  • Ala Hazrat Imam Ahmed Raza Khan al Barelwi
  • Allamah Imam Ahmad bin Ismaeel Tahtaawi
  • Allamah Shah Abdul Azeez Muhaddith-e-Delhwi
  • al-Qâd.î H.usayn ibn Muh.ammad al-Ans.ârî al-Khazrajî al-Sa`dî al-Yamânî
  • Amadou Bamba
  • Nawâb S.iddîq H.asan Khân Bhûpâlî al-Qinnawjî
  • Taqiuddin al-Nabhani
  • Shaykh Badr al-Dîn al-H.asani
  • Shaykh Muhammad Zahid ibn Hasan al-Kawthari
  • Syyed 'Ab'ul Bari al-Hasani wa'l-Hussaini
  • Sayyid Nadhîr Husayn

Fourteenth Century (November 21, 1979) Said Nursi, born 1876? in the village of Nurs, province Bitlis, died March 23, 1960 in Urfa was a Islamic thinker of Kurdish origin. ... Mirza Ghulam Ahmad Mirza Ghulam Ahmad of Qadian (مرزا غلام احمد) (February 13, 1835 - May 26, 1908 corresponding to Shawal 14, 1250 AH - Rabi al-thani 24 1326 AH). ... Sayyidunna Mawlana Sanaadi Ala Hadrat Alshaykh Allamah Muhammad Mukhtar Ziauddin Aĥmed Riđā Abdul Mustapha Khān al-Barelwī al-Barkati al-Nuri al-Razwi al-Qadiri (1856–1921, sometimes transcribed as Ahmad Raza Khan) , was a prominent Muslim Alim from Bareilly, a city in Northern India during the late... Barelvi (Hindi: बरेलवी, Urdu: بریلوی) is a movement of Sufism in South Asia that was founded by Ahmed Raza Khan of Bareilly, India (hence the term Barelvi). ... Ahmadou Bamba (1850-1927) (Aamadu Bàmba Mbàkke in Wolof, Shaykh Aḥmad ibn Muḥammad ibn Ḥabīb Allāh in Arabic, also known as Khadīmu l-Rasūl or The Servant of the Prophet in Arabic, and as Sëriñ Tuubaa or Holy Man of Tuubaa... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Imam Muhammad Zahid ibn Hasan al-Kawthari (1296 AH-1371 AH) was the adjunct to the last Sheikh al-Islam of the Ottoman Empire and a well known Hanafi jurist. ... is the 325th day of the year (326th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also: 1979 by Smashing Pumpkins. ...

  • Ghulam Mustafa Khan ((RA) Naqshbandi Mujaddidi)
  • Mawlana Shaykh Nazim Al Haqqani
  • Muhammad Ilyas Attar Qadri
  • Shaykh-ul-Islam Prof Dr Muhammad Tahir-ul-Qadri
  • Muhammad Naasiruddeen al-Albaanee]]
  • [[Abdul 'Azeez ibn Abdullaah ibn Baaz
  • Moulana Shaykh Nazim al Haqqani
  • Hazrat Allama Peer Allaudin Siddqui Sajjada Nasheen Darbar Nerian Sharif Tararkhal
  • Imam Hassan al-Banna

Prof. ... Mawlana Abu Bilal Muhammad Ilyas Attar Qadri Razavi Memon from Karachi, Pakistan is founder of a non-political Islamic movement Dawat-e-Islami [1]. He was born on the 26th day of the month of Ramadan. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Hassan al Banna, the founder of the Muslim Brotherhood. ...


  • Imam Abu Haamid al-Ghazali is widely considered to be the mujaddid of the fifth century AD.
  • Beddiuzzaman Said Nursi is considered to be the mujaddid of the 13th Century by most Muslims.
  • Imam Hasan Al-Banna is also widely accepted as the mujaddid of the 14th century.
  • Mirza Ghulam Ahmad is not considered to be Muslim by most Muslims. Mirza Ghulam Ahmad is accepted as the mujaddid (even a messiah) by Ahmaddiya group, but rejected by Ahlus Sunnah group.

See also

External links

  • Lists of Mujaddid Ulema
  • Muslim Reformers (Mujaddids)
  • List of Mujaddids who have appeared in Islam
  • Mujadddid of 1400 Hijra century of the world
  • Services as Mujadid

  Results from FactBites:
Issues: Religion (r) (3118 words)
Mujaddid adalah salah satu diantara hal yang pernah ditanyakan kepada
Ghulam Ahmad yang mengaku satu-satunya MUJADDID yang dibangkitkan oleh
Hazrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad yang mengaku MUJADDID yang kemudian mengaku
BHARAT RAKSHAK MONITOR: Volume 3(2) (4573 words)
Mujaddid was regarded a very demanding personality, while his wife Lubna – who it is said had a Mughal heritage – was a driven personality who did not flinch from breaching societal and traditional barriers.
The Ijaz family lived on their farm, and in some ways Mansoor and his brother Farouk had what might be considered an idyllic childhood – going to school, playing ball, learning the things American children learn, and then returning to the farm where he is said to have "milked Holsteins and pitched hay".
Mansoor subsequently said that his father had passed the baton (given Mujaddid's expertise, outsiders may wonder what exactly the baton was), noting: "There was always a cultural gap between us…His death gave me a conscience".
  More results at FactBites »



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