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Encyclopedia > Muhammad ibn Abi Bakr

Muhammad ibn Abi Bakr (631–658) was the son of Islam's first caliph, Abu Bakr and Asma bint Umais. When Abu Bakr died, Ibn Abī-Bakr's mother remarried, to Ali ibn Abi Talib, Muhammad's cousin. The boy was only three years old at the time; he became ˤAlī's adopted son and one of his supporters. Islam (Arabic:  ) is a monotheistic religion based upon the Quran, its principal scripture, whose followers, known as Muslims (مسلم), believe God (Arabic: الله ) sent through revelations to Muhammad. ... Caliph is the title for the Islamic leader of the Ummah, or community of Islam. ... Abu Bakr As Siddiq (Arabic ابو بكر الصديق, alternative spellings, Abubakar, Abi Bakr, Abu Bakar) (c. ... Asma bint Umais is the sister of Maymuna bint al-Harith. ... Prophet Muhammad ( peace be upon him ) was the final prophet in Islam. ... This article is becoming very long. ...

Contents

Muhammad's era (610-632)

Ibn Abi Bakr had a son named Qasim ibn Muħammad (not to be confused with the Prophet's son Qasim ibn Muhammad). From ibn Abi Bakr's son was the mother of Jafar as-Sadiq born. It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Al-Qasim Ibn Muhammad Ibn Abi Bakr. ... Qasim ibn Muhammad was the son of Muhammad. ... Imam Jafar As-Sadiq (April 20, 702 – December 4, 765), in full Jafar ibn Muhammad ibn Zayn ibn Husayn, was the sixth Shia imam, and a theologian and jurist. ...


Abu Bakr's era (632 – 634)

Umar's era (634-644)

Uthman's era (644–656)

Revolt

Main article: Siege of Uthman

Muhammad was held a prominent role in the siege that ended the life of Uthman. This is a sub-article of Uthman. ... For other uses of the name, see Uthman (disambiguation). ...


`Ali's era (656–661)

Although Mu`awiyya was reached by Nayla bint Farasa's letter, he didn't act. After the Battle of the Camel, `Ali shifted his attention towards Muˤāwiyya. Then did Mu`awiyah vowe to avenge his kinsman `Uthman and set himself against `Ali. In 655 a Muslim force led by Caliph Ali defeated a superior force of rebel Arabs in the Battle of Bassorah (Bassorah = Basra). ...


`Ali's brief tenure as caliph was spent fighting against Aisha (Ibn Abi Bakr's half-sister and one of Muhammad's widows), then Mu`awiyah and the rebellious Kharijites. Aisha bint Abu Bakr (Arabic `āisha, she who lives, also transcribed as Aishah, Ayesha, Aisha, or Aisha, Turkish Ayşe etc. ... Kharijites were members of an Islamic sect in late 7th and early 8th century AD, concentrated in todays southern Iraq. ...


After the battle of Siffin, `Ali appointed Ibn Abi Bakr Governor of Egypt, then a newly conquered province of the Islamic empire. In 658 CE (38 A.H.), Mu`awiyah sent his general Amr ibn al-As and six thousand soldiers against him. Ibn Abi Bakr asked `Ali for help. `Ali is said to have instructed his foster son to hand the governorship over to his best general and childhood friend, Malik ibn Ashter, whom he judged better capable of resisting Amr bin Aas. However, Malik died on his way to Egypt. Madelung accepts that Malik was poisoned by Mu`awiyah, as do the Shi`a. Combatants Ummayyad Dynasty; Muawiyah I Rashidun Dynasty; Ali ibn Abi Talib Commanders Amr ibn al-Aas Ali ibn Abi Talib Malik ibn Ashter Strength 120,000 (approx) 90,000 (approx) Casualties 45,000 (approx) 25,000 (approx) The Battle of Siffin (May-July 657 CE) occurred during the First Fitna... Amr ibn al-Ās (Arabic: عمرو بن العاص) (d. ... Categories: Possible copyright violations ...


Ibn Abi Bakr was easily defeated by Amr. Amr's soldiers were ordered to capture him and bring him, alive, to Mu`awiyah. However, a solder named Mu`awiyah ibn Hudayj is said to have quarrelled with the prisoner and killed him out of hand. Ibn Hudayj was so incensed at Ibn Abi Bakr that he put his body into that of a dead donkey and burned both corpses together, so that nothing should survive of his enemy The Succession to Muhammad pp. 268. However, Shi'a accounts say that the Mu`awiyah who later became caliph was the actual killer of Ibn Abi Bakr Middle East & Africa to 1875632–661. The Succession to Muhammad is a book writen by Wilferd Madelung and released by the Cambridge University Press in 1997. ... Middle East & Africa to 1875 is a book written by Sanderson Beck, in which some of the History of Islam is retold. ...


Ibn Abi Bakr's death, particularly the way he died, greatly infuriated Aisha against Mu`awiyah. Aisha bint Abu Bakr (Arabic `āisha, she who lives, also transcribed as Aishah, Ayesha, Aisha, or Aisha, Turkish Ayşe etc. ... Muawiyah I (602 - May 6, 680), early Muslim leader and founder of the great Umayyad Dynasty of caliphs. ...


Muslim view

Sunni view

Shi'a view

The Shi'a praise this young man for his devotion to `Ali and his resistance to a caliph the Shi'a believe to be a tyrant. Though his father Abu Bakr and his sister Aisha were considered enemies of `Ali by Shi'a, Ibn Abi Bakr was faithful to his stepfather.


See also

Abu Bakr is a male Arabic given name that means Father of Camel, after the nickname of Abu Bakr, the first Sunni Caliph. ... Muhammad is a common anglicized spelling of the Arabic given name, writen in Arabic script as محمد (M-Ḥ-M-D, read from left to right). ... In Islam, the Ṣaḥābah (Arabic: ‎ companions) were the companions of Muhammad. ...

References

    also:

    Wilferd Madelung is the Laudian Professor of Arabic at the University of Oxford. ... The Succession to Muhammad is a book writen by Wilferd Madelung and released by the Cambridge University Press in 1997. ... The headquarters of the Cambridge University Press, in Trumpington Street, Cambridge. ...

    External links

    • Biography
    • http://www.livingislam.org/n/shb_e.html - "Nevertheless, he brought in those who killed [Uthman]!"
    • http://www.hermetic.com/sabazius/mohammed.htm -Uthman became quite unpopular, and he was murdered by insurgents lead by the son of Abu Bakr, Muhammad ibn Abi Bakr, in 656 e.v

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