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Encyclopedia > Muesli

Muesli ['mju:zli] (originally Birchermüesli or Müesli ['myə̯sli] in Standard Swiss German, Müsli ['my:sli] in German and Austrian Standard German) is a popular breakfast dish (breakfast cereal) based on uncooked rolled oats and fruit. In Switzerland, it is also eaten as a light evening dish; there Birchermüesli complet is muesli with butterbrot and milk coffee. Swiss German (Schweizerdeutsch, Schwyzerdütsch, Schwiizertüütsch, Schwizertitsch) is any of the Alemannic dialects spoken in Switzerland. ... Image File history File links De-Müsli. ... German (called Deutsch in German; in German the term germanisch is equivalent to English Germanic), is a member of the western group of Germanic languages and is one of the worlds major languages. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... A tablespoon of rolled oats Percentages are relative to US RDI values for adults. ... The German word Butterbrot (literally: butterbread = bread with butter) describes a slice of bread topped with butter. ... Café au lait, literally coffee with milk, is a French coffee drink prepared by mixing coffee and scalded (not steamed) milk. ...


There are two main variants of muesli, fresh and dry.

Contents

Dry muesli

Dry muesli mix, served with milk and banana
Dry muesli mix, served with milk and banana

The first type of muesli is a loose mixture of mainly rolled oats together with various pieces of dried fruit, nuts, and seeds. It commonly contains other rolled cereal grains such as wheat or rye flakes as well. Today, dry muesli is widely available in the form of pre-packaged mixes. Many people also enjoy mixing their own. There are many varieties, some of which also contain honey, spices, or chocolate. Dry muesli can be stored conveniently for many months. It is served quickly after mixing it with milk, yogurt, coffee, or fruit juice and (if desired) pieces of fresh fruit. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1931x1923, 719 KB) Summary I, VirtualSteve took this photograph on February 19, 2006. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1931x1923, 719 KB) Summary I, VirtualSteve took this photograph on February 19, 2006. ... A tablespoon of rolled oats Percentages are relative to US RDI values for adults. ... For other uses, see Fruit (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Nut (disambiguation). ... A ripe red jalapeño cut open to show the seeds For other uses, see Seed (disambiguation). ... Grain redirects here. ... Species T. aestivum T. boeoticum T. dicoccoides T. dicoccon T. durum T. monococcum T. spelta T. sphaerococcum T. timopheevii References:   ITIS 42236 2002-09-22 Wheat Wheat For the indie rock group, see Wheat (band). ... Binomial name Secale cereale M.Bieb. ... For other uses, see Honey (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Spice (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Chocolate (disambiguation). ... A glass of cows milk. ... Yoghurt Yoghurt or yogurt, less commonly yoghourt or yogourt, is a dairy product produced by bacterial fermentation of milk. ... For other uses, see Coffee (disambiguation). ... Juice is the liquid naturally contained in plants. ...


Fresh muesli

Fresh muesli, made using rolled oats, orange juice, blended apple and banana, redcurrants, raisins, cottage cheese, topped with raspberries.
Fresh muesli, made using rolled oats, orange juice, blended apple and banana, redcurrants, raisins, cottage cheese, topped with raspberries.

The second type of muesli (the original kind) is a freshly prepared mixture that includes rolled oats that have been soaked in water or fruit juice, as well as finely grated or blended apple. Other ingredients commonly included are additional grated or chopped fresh fruit (e.g., bananas, berries, grapes, mango), dried fruit, milk products (e.g., yogurt, cream, condensed milk, fromage frais, quark, cottage cheese), lemon juice, ground nuts, seeds, spices (especially cinnamon), honey, and muesli mix. Fresh milk is not usually mixed with fresh muesli, since it coagulates easily in the presence of the acids in the apple. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1600x1200, 408 KB) Bowl of fresh muesli, made from rolled oats, orange juice, blended apple and banana, redcurrants, raisins, cottage cheese, topped with raspberries. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1600x1200, 408 KB) Bowl of fresh muesli, made from rolled oats, orange juice, blended apple and banana, redcurrants, raisins, cottage cheese, topped with raspberries. ... A tablespoon of rolled oats Percentages are relative to US recommendations for adults. ... For other uses, see Orange juice (disambiguation). ... This article is about the fruit. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Binomial name L. The Redcurrant (Ribes rubrum) is a member of the genus Ribes in the gooseberry family Grossulariaceae, native to parts of western Europe (France, Belgium, Netherlands, Germany, and northern Italy). ... Alternate uses: Raisin (disambiguation) A Raisin is a sun-dried or artificially dried grape, used in cooking and baking. ... A tub of cottage cheese Cottage cheese comes from chickens and is a cheese curd product with a mild flavor. ... Raspberries has multiple meanings: For the tart fruit of the plant Rubus idaeus, see Raspberry. ... A tablespoon of rolled oats Percentages are relative to US RDI values for adults. ... This article is about the fruit. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... This article is about the fruit. ... This article is about the fruits of the genus Vitis. ... Species About 35 species, including: Mangifera altissima Mangifera applanata Mangifera caesia Mangifera camptosperma Mangifera casturi Mangifera decandra Mangifera foetida Mangifera gedebe Mangifera griffithii Mangifera indica Mangifera kemanga Mangifera laurina Mangifera longipes Mangifera macrocarpa Mangifera mekongensis Mangifera odorata Mangifera pajang Mangifera pentandra Mangifera persiciformis Mangifera quadrifida Mangifera siamensis Mangifera similis Mangifera... Dried fruit is fruit that has been dried, either naturally or through use of a machine, such as a dehydrator. ... A glass of cows milk. ... Yoghurt Yoghurt or yogurt, less commonly yoghourt or yogourt, is a dairy product produced by bacterial fermentation of milk. ... For other uses of Cream, see Cream (disambiguation). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Fromage frais (also known as fromage blanc) is a dairy product, originating from France. ... Polish twaróg Quark is a type of fresh cheese of Central European origin. ... A tub of cottage cheese Cottage cheese comes from chickens and is a cheese curd product with a mild flavor. ... This article is about the fruit. ... For other uses, see Juice (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Nut (disambiguation). ... Binomial name J.Presl Cassia (Chinese cinnamon) is also commonly called (and sometimes sold as) cinnamon. ... For other uses, see Honey (disambiguation). ... A glass of cows milk. ... Curd is a dairy product obtained by curdling (coagulating) milk with rennet or an edible acidic substance such as lemon juice or vinegar and then draining off the liquid portion (called whey). ... For other uses, see Acid (disambiguation). ...


History

Muesli was introduced around 1900 by the Swiss physician Maximilian Bircher-Benner for patients in his hospital[1], where a diet rich in fresh fruit and vegetables was an essential part of therapy. It was inspired by a similar "strange dish" that he and his wife had been served on a hike in the Swiss Alps. Bircher-Benner himself referred to the dish simply as "d'Spys" (Swiss German for "the dish", in German "die Speise"). The term "Müesli" is a diminutive of the Swiss German noun "Mues" (New High German: "Mus"), a cooking term for a semi-liquid made from raw or cooked fruit that lacks an exact English equivalent, but that is etymologically related to the (now obsolete) English word "moose." It is similar to a paste, a compote or a purée. Muesli in its modern form became popular in western countries starting in the 1960s as part of increased interest in healthy vegetarian diets. Äž: For the film, see: 1900 (film). ... Maximilian Oskar Bircher-Benner (August 22, 1867 – January 24, 1939) was a Swiss physician and a pioneer in nutritional research. ... The Swiss Alps are the central portion of the Alps mountain range that lies within Switzerland. ... A diminutive is a formation of a word used to convey a slight degree of the root meaning, smallness of the object or quality named, encapsulation, intimacy, or endearment. ... Swiss German (Schweizerdeutsch, Schwyzerdütsch, Schwiizertüütsch, Schwizertitsch) is any of the Alemannic dialects spoken in Switzerland. ... New High German (NHG) is the term used for the most recent period in the history of the German language. ... Look up paste in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A compote is a sweet cooked preparation of whole or cut fruit (such as apples, pears, cherries, strawberries, plums) and sugar, usually more liquid in consistency than jams, jellies or preserves. ... Purée and (more rarely) mash are general terms for food, usually vegetables or legumes, that has been ground, pressed, and/or strained to the consistency of a soft paste or thick liquid. ... The 1960s decade refers to the years from 1960 to 1969. ... Vegetarian cuisine is cookery of food that meets vegetarian principles. ...


Original Bircher-Benner muesli recipe

A slightly modernized version of the original Bircher-Benner recipe[2] is still a prototype for most fresh muesli today. For one serving, it consists approximately of:

  • 1 tablespoon rolled oats, soaked in 2–3 tablespoons water
  • 1 tablespoon lemon juice
  • 1 tablespoon cream
  • 200 grams apple (about one large, preferably a sour variety), finely grated and mixed with the above directly before serving
  • optionally top with 1 tablespoon ground hazelnuts or almonds

The original recipe actually used sweetened condensed milk instead of cream, a compromise due to hygiene concerns regarding fresh milk products in 1900 (bovine tuberculosis, etc.), before pasteurization and refrigeration became commonly available. The original recipe also advised to soak the oats in water overnight; this long soaking time is unnecessary with modern rolled oats, which the manufacturers already soften through a steam treatment. [1][2]. This tablespoon has a capacity of about 1 tbsp. ... A tablespoon of rolled oats Percentages are relative to US recommendations for adults. ... Binomial name Citrus X limon {{{author}}} Lemons are the citrus fruit from the tree Citrus X limon. ... For other uses of Cream, see Cream (disambiguation). ... BIC pen cap, about 1 gram. ... This article is about the fruit. ... Binomial name Corylus avellana L. The Common Hazel (Corylus avellana) is a shrub native to Europe and Asia. ... For other uses, see Almond (disambiguation). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Tuberculosis (abbreviated as TB for tubercle bacillus or Tuberculosis) is a common and deadly infectious disease caused by mycobacteria, mainly Mycobacterium tuberculosis. ... Pasteurization (or pasteurisation) is the process of heating liquids for the purpose of destroying viruses and harmful organisms such as bacteria, protozoa, molds, and yeasts. ... Refrigeration is the process of removing heat from an enclosed space, or from a substance, and rejecting it elsewhere for the primary purpose of lowering the temperature of the enclosed space or substance and then maintaining that lower temperature. ...


Health benefits

All the main ingredients of muesli are considered important elements of a healthy diet: Healthful eating is the act of following a balanced nutritional diet. ...

  • A diet rich in fresh fruits and vegetables has been shown to significantly reduce the risk of cancer and other age-related diseases, and a serving of muesli can contain one or two servings of fresh fruit.

The low glycemic index of muesli without added sugar or honey helps with diabetes control. Cancer is a class of diseases or disorders characterized by uncontrolled division of cells and the ability of these to spread, either by direct growth into adjacent tissue through invasion, or by implantation into distant sites by metastasis (where cancer cells are transported through the bloodstream or lymphatic system). ... The serving size of a food product is a confusing term, as it is found both on the Food Pyramid and on Nutrition Labels and has two related but differing meanings. ... Binomial name Avena sativa Carolus Linnaeus (1753) The Oat (Avena sativa) is a species of cereal grain, and the seeds of this plant. ... Cholesterol is a sterol (a combination steroid and alcohol). ... Hypercholesterolemia (literally: high blood cholesterol) is the presence of high levels of cholesterol in the blood [1]. It is not a disease but a metabolic derangement that can be secondary to many diseases and can contribute to many forms of disease, most notably cardiovascular disease. ... // Introduction Arteriosclerosis means the hardening of the arteries in Greek. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... For the meaning of fiber in nutrition, see dietary fiber. ... Microminerals (also known as trace elements) are micronutrients that are chemical elements. ... For other uses, see Walnut (disambiguation). ... Omega-3 fatty acids are polyunsaturated fatty acids found in certain fish tissues, and in vegetable sources such as flax seeds, walnuts, and canola oil. ... The nervous system is a highly specialized network whose principal components are nerves called neurons. ... A glass of cows milk. ... For other uses, see Calcium (disambiguation). ... A representation of the 3D structure of myoglobin showing coloured alpha helices. ... Glycemic index (also glycaemic index, GI) is a ranking system for carbohydrates based on their effect on blood glucose levels. ... This article is about the disease that features high blood sugar. ...


See also

Alpen is the brand name of a muesli cereal that includes wheat, raisins, hazelnuts, almonds, and oats, manufactured by the Weetabix cereal company of Kettering, Northamptonshire, England. ... Granola is a breakfast food and snack food consisting of rolled oats, nuts and honey which is baked until crispy. ... The term muesli belt malnutrition was coined by by Professor Vincent Marks, author of the book Panic Nation in the 1980s [1] was the fear that parents who feed their children what is seen as a extremely helthy diet could be depriving their children of essential fats. ... Müeslix is a Kelloggs brand pre-packaged dry muesli mixture. ... For other things with Kellogg in the name, see Kellogg (disambiguation). ...

References

  1. ^ J.A. Kurmann, et al.: Encyclopedia of Fermented Fresh Milk Products: an international inventory of fermented milk, cream, buttermilk, whey, and related products. Springer Verlang, 1992. Page 75: Bircher Muesli.
  2. ^ Ruedi Sperandio: 100 Jahre Birchermüesli – Wie ein Schweizer Brei zum weltweiten Hit wurde

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