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Encyclopedia > Mpumalanga
Mpumalanga
Image:Mpumalanga coa.png
Area 79,490 kmĀ²
Population (2001) 3,122,994
Languages SiSwati (30.8%)
IsiZulu (26.4%)
IsiNdebele (12.1%)
Sepedi (10.8%)
Races Black (92.4%)
White (6.5%)
Coloured (0.2%)
Asian (0.2%)
Capital Nelspruit
Premier
(List)
Thabang Makwetla (ANC)
Location of Mpumalanga Province

Mpumalanga, (name changed from Eastern Transvaal on 24 August 1995), is a province in South Africa. The name means "the place where the sun rises" in Zulu. Mpumalanga lies in eastern South Africa, north of KwaZulu-Natal and bordering Swaziland and Mozambique. It constitutes 6.5% of South Africa's land area. In the north it borders on Limpopo and to the west the Free State and Gauteng. The capital is Nelspruit. Prior to 1994, Mpumalanga was part of Transvaal Province. Image File history File links Mpumalanga_coa. ... To help compare orders of magnitude of different geographical regions, we list here areas between 10,000 km² and 100,000 km². ... 2001: A Space Odyssey. ... Swati (also known as siSwati and Swazi) is a Bantu language spoken in Swaziland and South Africa. ... Zulu, also known as isiZulu, is a language of the Zulu people with about 9 million speakers, the vast majority (over 95%) of whom live in South Africa. ... There are two versions of Ndebele in South Africa, they both belong to the Nguni group of Bantu Languages. ... This article needs cleanup. ... Black is a color with several subtle differences in meaning. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... In the South African and Namibian context, the term Coloured (also known as Bruinmense, Kleurlinge or Bruine Afrikaners) refers to a rather heterogeneous group of people of mixed Khoisan, white European descent, Malay, Malagasy, Black (Bantu), and South Indian ancestry, especially in the Western Cape. ... Asians in South Africa constitute two per cent of South Africas population, and most are of Indian origin, although there is also a small Chinese community. ... Nelspruit is a city of 21,474 people (1991) situated in northeastern South Africa. ... The following table presents a listing of Premiers of South African provinces. ... This is a list of Premiers of Mpumalanga Province: See also South Africa Politics of South Africa List of Premiers of South African provinces Category: ‪Lists of South African provincial premiers‬ ... The African National Congress (ANC) is a centre-left political party, and has been South Africas governing party supported by a tripartite alliance between itself, the Congress of South African Trade Unions (COSATU) and the South African Communist Party (SACP) since the establishment of majority rule in May 1994. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1146x828, 20 KB) // Summary Summary Licensing Licensing File links The following pages link to this file: Mpumalanga Template:Mpumalanga infobox ... Geographical renaming is the act of changing the name of a geographical feature or area. ... August 24 is the 236th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (237th in leap years), with 129 days remaining. ... 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Zulu (isiZulu in Zulu), is a language of the Zulu people with about 10 million speakers, the vast majority (over 95%) of whom live in South Africa. ... KwaZulu-Natal (often referred to as KZN) is a province of South Africa. ... Capital Polokwane Largest city Polokwane Area  - Total Ranked 5th 123,900 km² Premier Mbhazima Shilowa (ANC) Population   - 2001   - 1996   - Density (2001) Ranked 4th 5,273,637 4,929,368 43/km² (Ranked 3rd) Languages Races Black (97. ... Capital Bloemfontein Largest city Bloemfontein Area  - Total Ranked 3rd 129,480 km² Premier Beatrice Marshoff (ANC) Population   - 2001   - 1996   - Density Ranked 8th 2,706,776 2,633,504 21/km² (2001) Languages Sotho (62%) Afrikaans (14%) isiXhosa (9. ... Capital Johannesburg Largest city Johannesburg Area  - Total Ranked 9th 17,010 km² Premier (List) Mbhazima Shilowa (ANC) Population   - 2001   - 1996   - Density (2001) Ranked 2nd 8,837,172 7,348,423 520/km² (Ranked 1st) Languages isiZulu (21. ... Nelspruit is a city of 21,474 people (1991) situated in northeastern South Africa. ... 1994 (MCMXCIV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International year of the Family. ... Flag of Transvaal The Transvaal (lit. ...

Contents


Geography

The Drakensberg Escarpment divides Mpumalanga into a westerly half consisting mainly of grassland called the Highveld and an eastern half situated in low altitude subtropical Lowveld/Bushveld. The southern half of the Kruger National Park is situated in the latter region. The Drakensberg Drakensberg Range from space, April 1993 The Drakensberg (Dragon Mountains in Afrikaans) mountains are the highest in South Africa, rising up at Thabana Ntlenyana to 3,482 m (11,422 ft) in height. ... The Highveld is a high plateau area of South Africa which includes the largest metropolitan area in the country, Johannesburg. ... The Bushveld is a geographic region of South Africa that encompasses most of Limpopo Province and part of the North West Province. ... A zebra in the Kruger National Park Kruger National Park is the largest game reserve in South Africa. ...


Fauna and flora

The diverse and special flora and fauna of the province enjoys protection in a range of nature reserves, including:

  • Blyderivierspoort Nature Reserve
  • Great Limpopo Transfrontier Park previously known as Gaza-Kruger-Gonarezhou Transfrontier Park. This international game park brings together some of the best and most established wildlife areas in southern Africa. The park is managed as an integrated unit across an unprecedented three international boundaries which includes the Kruger National Park (South Africa), Limpopo National Park (Mozambique) and Gonarezhou National Park (Zimbabwe).
  • Sabi-Sand Game Reserve which is built up of numerious private reserves: Chitwa Chitwa Game Lodge, Djuma Game Reserve, Exeter Game Lodge, Idube Game Reserve, Inyati Private Game Reserve, Leopard Hills Private Game Reserve, Lion Sands Private Game Reserve, Londolozi Game Reserve, Mala Mala Game Reserve, Savanna Private Game Reserve and Ulusaba Game Lodge

Great Limpopo Transfrontier Park is a 35,000 km² peace park that is in the process of been formed. ... A zebra in the Kruger National Park Kruger National Park is the largest game reserve in South Africa. ... The Limpopo National Park was born when the status of Coutada 16 Wildlife Utilisation Area in Gaza Province, Mozambique was changed from a hunting concession to a protected area. ... Gonarezhou National Park is a game reserve in south-eastern Zimbabwe. ...

Law and government

The Mpumalanga Province's legislation is an amalgam of national and regional legislation promulgated prior to the establishment of the Province on 27 April 1994, and legislation which it has itself promulgated since it came into existence. Lists of and the original texts of this legislation are available through various South African governmental websites, and amended and updated versions of the legislation is available through commercial vendors on subscription and at a price. See External links for more information. Province motto Omnia labor vincit Capital Nelspruit Largest city Nelspruit Area  - Total Ranked 8th 79,490 km² Premier (List) Thabang Makwetla (ANC) Population   - 2001   - Density Ranked 7th 3,122,994 39/km² (2001) Languages SiSwati (30. ...


Subdivisions

Map showing predominant home languages in the province.
Map showing predominant home languages in the province.

Mpumalanga Province is divided into three municipal districts, which are further subdivided into 17 local municipalities: Image File history File links Download high resolution version (943x667, 111 KB) Summary All Stats SA products are protected by copyright. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (943x667, 111 KB) Summary All Stats SA products are protected by copyright. ... South Africa has 11 official languages, which is second in numbers only to India. ...

  • Gert Sibande District Municipality
    • Albert Luthuli
    • Msukaligwa
    • Mkhondo
    • Seme
    • Lekwa
    • Dipaleseng
    • Govan Mbeki
  • Ehlanzeni District Municipality
    • Thaba Chweu
    • Mbombela
    • Umjindi
    • Nkomazi
  • Nkangala District Municipality
    • Delmas
    • Emalahleni
    • Steve Tshwete
    • Highlands (Emakhazeni)
    • Thembisile
    • Dr J S Moroka

Economy

Agriculture

The climatic contrasts between the drier Highveld region, with its cold winters, and the hot, humid Lowveld allow for a variety of agricultural activities. More than 68% of Mpumalanga is utilised by agriculture. Crops include maize, wheat,sorghum, barley, sunflower seed, soybeans, groundnuts, sugar cane, vegetables, coffee, tea, cotton, tobacco, citrus, subtropical and deciduous fruit. Binomial name Zea mays L. Maize (Zea mays ssp. ... Species T. boeoticum T. compactum T. dicoccoides T. dicoccon T. durum T. monococcum T. spelta T. sphaerococcum References:   ITIS 42236 2002-09-22 Wheat (Triticum spp. ... Species About 30 species, see text Sorghum is a genus of about 20 species of grasses, native to tropical and subtropical regions of Eastern Africa, with one species native to Mexico. ... Binomial name Hordeum vulgare L. Barley (Hordeum vulgare) is a major food and animal feed crop, a member of the grass family Poaceae. ... Binomial name Helianthus annuus L. The sunflower (Helianthus annuus) is an annual plant in the Family Asteraceae with a large flower head (inflorescence). ... This article or section contains information that has not been verified and thus might not be reliable. ... Magnified view of refined sugar crystals. ... Vegetables on a market Vegetable is a nutritional and culinary term denoting any part of a plant that is commonly consumed by humans as food, but is not regarded as a culinary fruit, nut, herb, spice, or grain. ... Coffee in beverage form. ... Tea leaves in a gaiwan. ... Cotton ready for harvest. ... Species N. glauca N. longiflora N. rustica N. sylvestris N. tabacum Ref: ITIS 30562 as of August 26, 2005 Tobacco (, L.) refers to a genus of broad-leafed plants of the nightshade family indigenous to North and South America, or to the dried and cured leaves of such plants. ... Species & major hybrids Species Citrus maxima- Pomelo Citrus medica- Citron Citrus reticulata- Mandarin & Tangerine Major hybrids Citrus × sinensis- Sweet Orange Citrus × aurantium- Bitter Orange Citrus × paradisi- Grapefruit Citrus × limon- Lemon Citrus × latifolia- Persian lime Citrus × aurantifolia- Key lime See also main text for other hybrids Citrus is a common term... Fruit stall in Barcelona, Catalonia. ...


Forestry is extensive around Sabie in the far north of the province. Located near the forests, Ngodwana is the site of one of South Africa's largest paper mills (Sappi).[1] A decidous beech forest in Slovenia. ... Sabie is a forestry town situated on the banks of the Sabie River in Mpumalanga, South Africa. ... International Paper Company:kraft paper mill Georgetown, South Carolina When built, this mill was the largest in the world A paper mill is a factory devoted to making paper from wood pulp and other ingredients using a Fourdrinier Machine or similar apparatus. ...


Natural grazing covers approximately 14% of Mpumalanga. The main products are beef, mutton, wool, poultry, and dairy. Beef makes you fart ... This article is about the animal, sheep; for other meanings of Sheep, see Sheep (disambiguation). ... Wool in a shearing shed Long and short hair wool at the South Central Family Farm Research Center in Boonesville, AR Wool sheep, Royal Melbourne Show Wool is the fibre derived from the fur of animals of the Caprinae family, principally sheep and goats, but the hair of other mammals... Ducks amongst other poultry The Poultry-dealer, after Cesare Vecellio. ... Dairy farm near Oxford, New York A dairy is a facility for the extraction and processing of animal milk (mostly from cows, sometimes from buffalo, sheep or goats) and other farm animals, for human consumption. ...


Mining

Extensive mining is done and the minerials found include: Gold, Platinum group metals, Silica, Chromite, Vanadiferous Magnetite, Argentiferous Zinc, Antimony, Cobalt, Copper, Iron, Manganese, Tin, Coal, Andalusite, Chrysotile Asbestos, Kieselguhr, Limestone, Magnesite, Talc, and Shale. General Name, Symbol, Number gold, Au, 79 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 11, 6, d Appearance metallic yellow Atomic mass 196. ... General Name, Symbol, Number platinum, Pt, 78 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 10, 6, d Appearance grayish white Atomic mass 195. ... The chemical compound silicon dioxide, also known as silica, is the oxide of silicon, chemical formula SiO2. ... ... // Headline text Magnetite is a ferrimagnetic mineral form of iron(II,III) oxide, with chemical formula Fe3O4, one of several iron oxides and a member of the spinel group. ... General Name, Symbol, Number zinc, Zn, 30 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 12, 4, d Appearance bluish pale gray Atomic mass 65. ... General Name, Symbol, Number antimony, Sb, 51 Chemical series metalloids Group, Period, Block 15, 5, p Appearance silvery lustrous grey Atomic mass 121. ... General Name, Symbol, Number cobalt, Co, 27 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 9, 4, d Appearance metallic with gray tinge Atomic mass 58. ... General Name, Symbol, Number copper, Cu, 29 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 11, 4, d Appearance metallic brown Atomic mass 63. ... General Name, Symbol, Number iron, Fe, 26 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 8, 4, d Appearance lustrous metallic with a grayish tinge Atomic mass 55. ... General Name, Symbol, Number manganese, Mn, 25 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 7, 4, d Appearance silvery metallic Atomic mass 54. ... General Name, Symbol, Number tin, Sn, 50 Chemical series poor metals Group, Period, Block 14, 5, p Appearance silvery lustrous gray Atomic mass 118. ... Coal (previously referred to as pitcoal or seacoal) is a fossil fuel extracted from the ground by underground mining or open-pit mining (surface mining). ... Andalusite-cordierite schist (Large brown crystals are Andalusite Andalusite is an aluminium nesosilicate mineral with the chemical formula Al2SiO5. ... Fibrous asbestos on muscovite Asbestos Asbestos Asbestos (a misapplication of Latin: asbestos quicklime from Greek ἄσβεστος: a-, not; sbestos, extinguishable) describes any of a group of fibrous metamorphic minerals of the hydrous magnesium silicate variety. ... Diatomaceous earth (also known as diatomite, DE or kieselguhr) is a naturally occurring, light-colored, solid material that is easily crumbled into a fine dust. ... Limey shale overlaid by limestone. ... Magnesite is magnesium carbonate, MgCO3. ... Talc block Talc is a mineral composed of hydrated magnesium silicate with the chemical formula H2Mg3(SiO3)4 or Mg3Si4O10(OH)2. ... Shale Shale is a fine-grained sedimentary rock whose original constituents were clays or muds. ...


Gold was first discovered in Mpumalanga province in 1883 by Auguste Roberts in the mountains surrounding what is now Barberton. Gold is still mined in the Barberton area today. [2]


Mpumalanga accounts for 83% of South Africa's coal production. 90% of South Africa's coal consumption is used for electricity generation and the synthetic fuel industry. Coal power stations are in close proximity to the coal deposits. The mining company Sasol, a coal liquification plant in Secunda is the site of one of the country's two petroleum-from-coal extraction plants, which is operated by the mining company Sasol. [3] Oil power plant in Iraq A power station or power plant is a facility for the generation of electric power. ... Sasol (originally South African Synthetic Oil Ltd. ... Secunda is a fairly new town built around coalfields in Mpumalanga, South Africa. ... It has been suggested that black gold (oil) be merged into this article or section. ... Sasol (originally South African Synthetic Oil Ltd. ...


Tourism

Mpumalanga is also a popular tourism destination. Kruger National Park, established in 1898 for the protection of Lowveld wildlife, covering 20,000 square kilometres (7,800 square miles), is a popular destination.[4] The ancient Sudwala Caves are also a major tourist attraction.[5] A zebra in the Kruger National Park Kruger National Park is the largest game reserve in South Africa. ...


Major cities and towns

See List of cities and towns in Mpumalanga This is a list of cities and towns in Mpumalanga Province, South Africa. ...


References

  1. ^ Mpumalanga in brief: The economy of the province (URL accessed April 30, 2006)
  2. ^ "Barberton", Mpumalanga South Africa, ExploreSouthAfrica.net. (URL accessed April 30, 2006)
  3. ^ "Coal", South Africa Country Analysis Brief, Energy Information Administration. (URL accessed April 30, 2006)
  4. ^ "Kruger National Park", South Africa Explored.
  5. ^ Sudwala Caves - Mpumalanga - South Africa, EcoTravel.

External links

  • Mpumalanga Provincial Government homepage
  • Mpumalanga Tourism Authority
  • Flags of the World: Mpumalanga provincial flag and heraldry
  • List of Mpumalanga legislation from 1994 onwards


Provinces of South Africa Flag of South Africa
Eastern Cape | Free State | Gauteng | KwaZulu-Natal | Limpopo | Mpumalanga | Northern Cape | North West | Western Cape

  Results from FactBites:
 
Mpumalanga Travel Guide, South Africa (580 words)
Mpumalanga, formerly known as the Eastern Transvaal, is one of
People are drawn by the magnificent scenery, by the fauna and flora and by the saga of the 1870s gold rush era and a wealth of fascinating tribal legends.
Nelspruit today is the capital of Mpumalanga, the commercial and administrative hub of the Lowveld, and the centre of a vast citrus-growing region.
Mpumalanga - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (683 words)
Mpumalanga, (name changed from Eastern Transvaal on 24 August 1995), is a province in South Africa.
Mpumalanga lies in eastern South Africa, north of KwaZulu-Natal and bordering Swaziland and Mozambique.
The Mpumalanga Province's legislation is an amalgam of national and regional legislation promulgated prior to the establishment of the Province on 27 April 1994, and legislation which it has itself promulgated since it came into existence.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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