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Encyclopedia > Mozilla Thunderbird
Mozilla Thunderbird

Mozilla Thunderbird 2.0.0.0 under Ubuntu
Maintainer: Mozilla Corporation
Stable release: 2.0.0.5  (July 19, 2007) [+/-]
Preview release: none  (n/a) [+/-]
OS: Cross-platform
Available language(s): Multilingual
Use: E-mail client and news client
License: MPL, MPL/GPL/LGPL tri-license
Website: www.mozilla.com/thunderbird

Mozilla Thunderbird is a free, cross-platform e-mail and news client developed by the Mozilla Foundation. The project strategy is modeled after Mozilla Firefox, a project aimed at creating a web browser. Just as Firefox aims to redefine the web browser, Thunderbird is a refinement of the mail and news interface. On December 7, 2004, version 1.0 was released, and received over 500,000 downloads in its first three days of release (and 1,000,000 in 10 days). As of 2007, Thunderbird has been downloaded more than 50 million times since 1.0 release. Image File history File links Thunderbird-logo-64x64. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 589 pixelsFull resolution (1290 × 949 pixel, file size: 146 KB, MIME type: image/png) Screenshot of Mozilla Thunderbird 2. ... Ubuntu (IPA pronunciation ) is a predominantly desktop-oriented Linux distribution, based on Debian GNU/Linux but with a stronger focus on usability, regular releases, and ease of installation. ... In software engineering, software maintenance is the process of enhancing and optimizing deployed software (software release), as well as remedying defects. ... The Mozilla Corporation is a wholly owned subsidiary of the Mozilla Foundation that coordinates and integrates the development of Internet-related applications such as the Mozilla Firefox web browser and the Mozilla Thunderbird email client by the growing global community of open-source developers, only some of whom are employed... A software release refers to the creation and availability of a new version of a computer software product. ... is the 200th day of the year (201st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is now the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... A software release refers to the creation and availability of a new version of a computer software product. ... // An operating system (OS) is a set of computer programs that manage the hardware and software resources of a computer. ... A cross-platform (or platform independent) programming language, software application or hardware device works on more than one system platform (e. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... A news client, or news reader, is an application program that reads articles on Usenet (generally known as newsgroup), either directly from a news servers disks or via the Network News Transfer Protocol. ... A software license is a legal agreement which may take the form of a proprietary or gratuitous license as well as a memorandum of contract between a producer and a user of computer software. ... In computing, the Mozilla Public License (MPL) is an open source and free software license. ... The GNU logo The GNU General Public License (GNU GPL or simply GPL) is a widely-used free software license, originally written by Richard Stallman for the GNU project. ... GNU logo The GNU Lesser General Public License (formerly the GNU Library General Public License) is a free software license published by the Free Software Foundation. ... A website (alternatively, Web site or web site) is a collection of Web pages, images, videos and other digital assets that is hosted on one or several Web server(s), usually accessible via the Internet, cell phone or a LAN. A Web page is a document, typically written in HTML... Clockwise from top: The logo of the GNU Project (the GNU head), the Linux kernel mascot Tux the Penguin, and the FreeBSD daemon Free software is a term coined by Richard Stallman and the Free Software Foundation[1] to refer to software that can be used, studied, and modified without... A cross-platform (or platform independent) programming language, software application or hardware device works on more than one system platform (e. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... A news client, or news reader, is an application program that reads articles on Usenet (generally known as newsgroup), either directly from a news servers disks or via the Network News Transfer Protocol. ... The Mountain View office shared by the Mozilla Foundation and the Mozilla Corporation The Mozilla Foundation (abbreviated MF or MoFo) is a non-profit organization that exists to support and provide leadership for the open source Mozilla project. ... Mozilla Firefox is a graphical web browser developed by the Mozilla Corporation, and a large community of external contributors. ... An example of a web browser (Internet Explorer), displaying the English Wikipedia main page. ... is the 341st day of the year (342nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... shelby was here 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is now the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ...

Contents

History

Originally launched as Minotaur shortly after Phoenix (the original name for Mozilla Firefox), the project failed to gain momentum. With the success of the latter, however, demand increased for a mail client to go with it, and the work on Minotaur was revived under the new name, and migrated to the new toolkit developed by the Firefox team. Originally launched as Minotaur shortly after Phoenix (the original name for Mozilla Firefox), the project failed to gain momentum. ... The phoenix from the Aberdeen Bestiary. ... Mozilla Firefox is a graphical web browser developed by the Mozilla Corporation, and a large community of external contributors. ...


Significant work on Thunderbird restarted with the announcement that from version 1.5 onwards, the main Mozilla suite would be designed around separate applications using this new toolkit. This contrasts with the previous all-in-one approach, and will hopefully lead to more efficient and maintainable code, as well as allowing users to mix and match the Mozilla applications with alternatives. The original Mozilla Suite continues to be developed as SeaMonkey. SeaMonkey is a free, open source, and cross-platform Internet suite that is the continuation of the former Mozilla Application Suite. ...


On December 23, 2004, the Project Lightning was announced for tightly integrating calendar functionality (scheduling, tasks, etc.) into Thunderbird, and is now available as an extension. December 23 is the 357th day of the year (358th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... shelby was here 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Lightning project, announced on December 22, 2004 and currently in development by the Mozilla Foundation, is an extension that adds calendar and scheduling functionality to the Mozilla Thunderbird mail and newsgroups client. ... A page from the Hindu calendar 1871-72. ...


On October 11, 2006, Qualcomm and the Mozilla Foundation announced that "future versions of Eudora will be based upon the same technology platform as the open source Mozilla Thunderbird email program." The project is code-named Penelope. An unofficial Eudora/Penelope forum is accessible via web or newsreader. is the 284th day of the year (285th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... Qualcomm (NASDAQ: QCOM) is a wireless telecommunications research and development company based in San Diego, California. ... Eudora is an e-mail client used on the Apple Macintosh and Microsoft Windows operating systems. ...


On July 26, 2007, the Mozilla Foundation announced that Thunderbird would be developed by an independent organization, because the Mozilla Corporation (the for profit portion of Mozilla) is focusing on Mozilla Firefox development. Thunderbird will likely become a community project, similar to SeaMonkey and Camino. The community projects have access to Mozilla resources, but have independent governance. This change is being done in order to stimulate development in Thunderbird, which has been neglected during the Mozilla focus on Firefox. is the 207th day of the year (208th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is now the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... The Mountain View office shared by the Mozilla Foundation and the Mozilla Corporation The Mozilla Foundation (abbreviated MF or MoFo) is a non-profit organization that exists to support and provide leadership for the open source Mozilla project. ... The Mozilla Corporation is a wholly owned subsidiary of the Mozilla Foundation that coordinates and integrates the development of Internet-related applications such as the Mozilla Firefox web browser and the Mozilla Thunderbird email client by the growing global community of open-source developers, only some of whom are employed... SeaMonkey is a free, open source, and cross-platform Internet suite that is the continuation of the former Mozilla Application Suite. ... Camino is a free, open source, GUI-based Web browser based on Mozillas Gecko layout engine and specifically designed for the Mac OS X operating system. ... Firefox may refer to: Firefox (novel), written by Craig Thomas, published in 1978 Firefox (film), the 1982 movie starring Clint Eastwood, based on the novel Firefox (arcade game), the laserdisc arcade game based on the movie Mozilla Firefox, a web browser The Red Fox or the Red Panda, based on...


Features

Thunderbird aims to be a simple e-mail, newsgroup and news feed client. It is not a personal information manager. Additional features, if needed, are often available via extensions. A personal information manager (PIM) is a type of application software that functions as a personal organizer. ... Mozilla Firefox showing several extensions and a custom theme See also: List of Firefox extensions Extensions are installable enhancements to the Mozilla Firefox or Mozilla web browsers, and add features to the application or allow existing features to be modified. ...


Message management

Thunderbird can manage multiple e-mail and newsgroup accounts and supports multiple identities within accounts. Features like quick search, saved search folders ("virtual folders"), advanced message filtering, message grouping, and labels can help manage and find messages. On Linux-based systems, system mail (movemail) accounts are supported. Linux (IPA pronunciation: ) is a Unix-like computer operating system. ... Movemail is a GNU/Linux program that moves mail from a users mailbox to another file. ...


Junk filtering

Thunderbird incorporates a Bayesian spam filter, a whitelist based on the included address book, and can also understand classifications by server-based filters such as SpamAssassin[1] Bayesian spam filtering (pronounced Bays-ee-en, IPA pronunciation: , after Rev. ... E-mail spam, also known as bulk or junk e-mail is a subset of spam that involves sending nearly identical messages to numerous recipients by e-mail. ... Look up whitelist in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... SpamAssassin is a computer program released freely under the Apache License 2. ...


Extensions

Extensions allow the addition of features through the installation of XPInstall modules (known as "XPI" or "zippy" installation). One example is Enigmail, which uses OpenPGP for message encryption.[1] Mozilla Firefox showing several extensions and a custom theme See also: List of Firefox extensions Extensions are installable enhancements to the Mozilla Firefox or Mozilla web browsers, and add features to the application or allow existing features to be modified. ... A typical XPInstall confirmation dialog XPInstall (Cross-Platform Install) is a technology used by Mozilla Application Suite, Mozilla Firefox, Mozilla Thunderbird and other XUL-based applications for installing Mozilla extensions that add functionality to the main application. ... Signed and encrypted email with Mozilla Thunderbird and Enigmail (screenshot) Enigmail provides public key e-mail encryption. ... An Open Specification for Pretty Good Privacy (openpgp) OpenPGP is defined by the OpenPGP Working Group of the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) Proposed Standard RFC 2440. ...


Extensions and themes (below) available on the Mozilla Update site may be upgraded through the client.


Themes

Thunderbird supports a variety of themes for changing its overall look and feel. These packages of CSS and image files can be downloaded from Mozilla Add-ons. In computing, skins and themes are custom graphical appearances (GUIs) that can be applied to certain software and websites in order to suit the different tastes of different users. ... In web development, Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) is a stylesheet language used to describe the presentation of a document written in a markup language. ... A digital image is a representation of a two-dimensional image as a finite set of digital values, called picture elements or pixels. ...


Standards support

Thunderbird supports POP and IMAP. It also supports LDAP address completion. The built-in RSS/Atom reader can also be used as a simple news aggregator. Thunderbird supports the S/MIME standard and extensions like Enigmail add support for the OpenPGP standard. In computing, local e-mail clients use the Post Office Protocol version 3 (POP3), an application-layer Internet standard protocol, to retrieve e-mail from a remote server over a TCP/IP connection. ... The Internet Message Access Protocol (commonly known as IMAP or IMAP4, and previously called Internet Mail Access Protocol, Interactive Mail Access Protocol (RFC 1064), and Interim Mail Access Protocol [1] ) is an application layer Internet protocol operating on port 143 that allows a local client to access e-mail on... The Lightweight Directory Access Protocol, or LDAP (IPA: ), is an application protocol for querying and modifying directory services running over TCP/IP.[1] A directory is a set of information with similar attributes organized in a logical and hierarchical manner. ... For RSS feeds from Wikipedia, see Wikipedia:Syndication. ... The name Atom applies to a pair of related standards. ... An aggregator or news aggregator is a type of software that retrieves syndicated Web content that is supplied in the form of a web feed (RSS, Atom and other XML formats), and that are published by weblogs, podcasts, vlogs, and mainstream mass media websites. ... S/MIME (Secure / Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions) is a standard for public key encryption and signing of e-mail encapsulated in MIME. // S/MIME was originally developed by RSA Data Security Inc. ... Signed and encrypted email with Mozilla Thunderbird and Enigmail (screenshot) Enigmail provides public key e-mail encryption. ... An Open Specification for Pretty Good Privacy (openpgp) OpenPGP is defined by the OpenPGP Working Group of the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) Proposed Standard RFC 2440. ...


Cross-platform support

Screenshot of Mozilla Thunderbird v2.0.0.0 running on Windows XP Classic

Thunderbird runs on a wide variety of platforms. Releases available on the primary distribution site support the following operating systems:[2] Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 495 pixelsFull resolution (834 × 516 pixel, file size: 25 KB, MIME type: image/png) Screenshot of Mozilla Thunderbird 2. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 495 pixelsFull resolution (834 × 516 pixel, file size: 25 KB, MIME type: image/png) Screenshot of Mozilla Thunderbird 2. ...

Since the source code is available, it can also be compiled and run on a variety of other architectures and operating systems. Thus, Thunderbird is unofficially also available for many other systems. It is available on Apple's iPhone too. To meet Wikipedias quality standards, the lead section of this article may need to be expanded. ... Windows 98 (codenamed Memphis and formerly known as Windows 97[2]) is a graphical operating system released on June 25, 1998 by Microsoft and the successor to Windows 95. ... Windows Millennium Edition, or Windows Me (IPA pronunciation: [miː], [ɛm iː]), is a hybrid 16-bit/32-bit graphical operating system released on September 14, 2000 by Microsoft. ... Windows NT is a family of operating systems produced by Microsoft, the first version of which was released in July 1993. ... Windows 2000 (also referred to as Win2K) is a preemptive, interruptible, graphical and business-oriented operating system that was designed to work with either uniprocessor or symmetric multi-processor 32-bit Intel x86 computers. ... Windows XP is a line of operating systems developed by Microsoft for use on general-purpose computer systems, including home and business desktops, notebook computers, and media centers. ... Windows Vista is a line of graphical operating systems used on personal computers, including home and business desktops, notebook computers, Tablet PCs, and media centers. ... Windows Server 2003 is a server operating system produced by Microsoft. ... Mac OS X (official IPA pronunciation: ) is a line of proprietary, graphical operating systems developed, marketed, and sold by Apple Inc. ... Filiation of Unix and Unix-like systems Unix (officially trademarked as UNIX®) is a computer operating system originally developed in the 1960s and 1970s by a group of AT&T employees at Bell Labs including Ken Thompson, Dennis Ritchie and Douglas McIlroy. ...


Internationalization and localization

With contributors all over the world, the client is translated into at least 36 languages/locales, covering some of the least supported locales, such as Chichewa. Because of the use of DTD and property files for storing the string literals, part of the internationalization and localization job can be done easily by anyone without programming background, using simply a text editor. Chichewa (Chicheŵa in Malawian English) is one of the two official national languages of the Republic of Malawi, the other being English. ... In computer programming and formal language theory, (and other branches of mathematics), a string is an ordered sequence of symbols. ... Internationalization and localization[1] are means of adapting products such as publications, hardware or software for non-native environments, especially other nations and cultures. ... Notepad is the standard text editor for Microsoft Windows A text editor is a piece of computer software for editing plain text. ...


Security

Thunderbird provides enterprise- and government-grade security features such as SSL/TLS connections to IMAP and SMTP servers. It also offers native support for S/MIME secure email (digital signing and message encryption using certificates). Any of these security features can take advantage of smartcards with the installation of additional extensions. Other security features can be added though extensions. For instance, Enigmail offers PGP signing, encryption, and decryption. Transport Layer Security (TLS) and its predecessor, Secure Sockets Layer (SSL), are cryptographic protocols that provide secure communications on the Internet for such things as web browsing, e-mail, Internet faxing, instant messaging and other data transfers. ... The Internet Message Access Protocol (commonly known as IMAP, and previously called Interactive Mail Access Protocol) is an application layer Internet protocol used for accessing email on a remote server from a local client. ... Simple Mail Transfer Protocol (SMTP) is the de facto standard for email transmission across the Internet. ... S/MIME (Secure / Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions) is a standard for public key encryption and signing of e-mail encapsulated in MIME. // S/MIME was originally developed by RSA Data Security Inc. ... In cryptography, a digital signature or digital signature scheme is a type of asymmetric cryptography used to simulate the security properties of a signature in digital, rather than written, form. ... “Cipher” redirects here. ... In cryptography, a public key certificate (or identity certificate) is an electronic document which incorporates a digital signature to bind together a public key with an identity — information such as the name of a person or an organization, their address, and so forth. ... A smartcard or smart card is a tiny secure cryptoprocessor embedded within a credit card-sized or smaller (like the GSM SIM) card. ... Signed and encrypted email with Mozilla Thunderbird and Enigmail (screenshot) Enigmail provides public key e-mail encryption. ... PGP Encryption (Pretty Good Privacy) is a computer program that provides cryptographic privacy and authentication. ...


Optional security protections also include disabling loading of remote images within messages, enabling only specific media types (sanitizer), and disabling JavaScript. JavaScript is a scripting language most often used for client-side web development. ...


Market adoption

As of April 2005, the Harvard Faculty of Arts and Sciences was making a customized version of Mozilla Thunderbird available to students and faculty. According to an article posted on May 9, 2005, New York University's Stern School of Business had also started using the open source e-mail client. Starting 2005 fall, the Networking Services and Information Technology department of University of Chicago will include both Firefox and Thunderbird in its connectivity package for all incoming students. More recently, Saint Louis University's College of Arts & Science has adopted Thunderbird as its e-mail client of choice. The Harvard Faculty of Arts and Sciences (also known as FAS) is the largest of the nine schools (or faculties) that comprise Harvard University. ... is the 129th day of the year (130th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... New York University (NYU) is a private, nonsectarian, coeducational research university in New York City. ... The Leonard N. Stern School of Business is New York Universitys (NYU) business school. ... The University of Chicago is a private university located principally in the Hyde Park neighborhood of Chicago. ... Saint Louis University is a private, co-educational Catholic Jesuit university in the United States of America located in St. ...


Criticisms

As with Firefox, the Mac OS X version is poorly integrated due to the use of deprecated Carbon widgets in the current version of Gecko. Support for Cocoa widgets will be introduced in Gecko 1.9.[3] Carbon is the codename of Apple Computers API for the Macintosh operating system, which permits a good degree of forward and backward compatibility between source code written to run on the classic Mac OS, and the newer Mac OS X. The APIs are published and accessed in the form... A Cocoa application being developed using Xcode. ...


It is not possible to protect emails from other (unauthorized) users of the computer, even with a password: it only disables outsiders from downloading or sending new emails; already downloaded messages are available for viewing for anyone.[4] However, this functionality can be added through an extension as well.[5]


See also

Wikinews has related news:
Free software Portal

Image File history File links WikiNews-Logo. ... Wikinews is a free-content news source and a project of the Wikimedia Foundation. ... Image File history File links Portal. ... The Mozilla Calendar Project is a Mozilla driven project to create the Sunbird calendar application and the Lightning integrated calendar. ... IceDove is the free software derivation of the Mozilla Thunderbird mail reader, along with IceWeasel and Gnuzilla. ... Correo is an open source e-mail client for Mac OS X. The focus of the project is to be a native Cocoa based e-mail client from Mozilla. ... There are several different types of news clients, depending on the type of service the user needs - whether intended primarily for discussion or for downloading files posted to the alt. ... The following tables compare general and technical information between a number of e-mail client programs. ...

References

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Mozilla Thunderbird - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1198 words)
Mozilla Thunderbird is a free, cross-platform e-mail and news client developed by the Mozilla Foundation.
Thunderbird supports a variety of themes for changing its overall look and feel.
Portable Thunderbird is a mobile version of Thunderbird which allows you to carry your whole e-mail client and all your contacts with you on an iPod, USB flash drive, Zip drive, portable hard drive or any other portable media.
Mozilla Firefox - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (5402 words)
Mozilla Firefox is a free, open source, cross-platform, graphical web browser developed by the Mozilla Corporation and hundreds of volunteers.
Mozilla Firefox retains the cross-platform nature of the original Mozilla browser by using the XUL user interface markup language.
Mozilla is developing versions 2.0 and 3.0 simultaneously in order to ship front-end innovation in version 2.0 built on a more stable back-end, while completing major architectural and user interface changes for version 3.0.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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