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Encyclopedia > Movie star

A movie star or film star is a celebrity who is a person known for his or her roles in motion pictures. The word "star" actually originated from people believing they glistened like stars in the sky and they were above the rest of the public. “Megastar” redirects here. ... Film is a term that encompasses individual motion pictures, the field of film as an art form, and the motion picture industry. ...

Contents

Origin

In the days of early silent films the names of the actors and actresses appearing in movies were not publicized or credited as they are now. Some of these performers had to help build the sets, do clean up and other chores around the film studio. But as the movie-going public became more interested in the performers who attracted their attention, the curiosity to know more about them made the movie studios and producers rethink their policy. A silent film is a film which has no accompanying soundtrack. ... Actors in period costume sharing a joke whilst waiting between takes during location filming. ... Actors in period costume sharing a joke whilst waiting between takes during location filming. ...


As the demand increased, they began publicizing the names of their leading women and men, and bill them in the credits of their movies, such as Florence Lawrence, referred to as "the first movie star," who was previously known only as the "Biograph Girl" because she worked for Biograph Studios, and Mary Pickford, who was previously known as "Little Mary." Florence Lawrence (b. ... The American Mutoscope and Biograph Company (also known as the Biograph Company) was founded in 1895 and is the oldest movie production company in the United States. ... Mary Pickford (April 8, 1892 – May 29, 1979) was an Oscar-winning Canadian motion picture star and co-founder of United Artists. ...


Movie studios employed performers under long-term contracts. They developed a star system as a means of promoting and selling their movies. "Star vehicles" were filmed to display the particular talents and appeal of the most popular movie stars of the studio. A contract is a legally binding exchange of promises or agreement between parties that the law will enforce. ... The star system was the method of creating and promoting film stars in Classical Hollywood cinema. ...


Perks

Traditionally, those who achieve "star" status in the movie industry are given special treatment, perks and high salaries. Some have become extremely wealthy, such as Marilyn Monroe who is said to be one of the biggiest movie stars in history. Marilyn Monroe (born Norma Jeane Mortenson on June 1, 1926 – August 5, 1962), was a Golden Globe Award-winning American actress, singer, model and pop icon. ...


Other than those movie stars who began forming their own production companies to make more money, and those who received a percentage of the profits to star in a movie, such as Lana Turner for Imitation of Life (1959), reaping millions of dollars, the first movie star to be paid a fee of $1,000,000 to star in a movie was Elizabeth Taylor for Cleopatra (1963). For his appearance in the 1978 movie Superman, movie star Marlon Brando received almost $4,000,000 for eight minutes of screen time as Superman's father, Jor-El. The highest paid Hollywood actress is Julia Roberts [1] while the highest fee paid to any actor is 100 million dollars for Bruce Willis (although usually the largest fees come about when a star agrees to forgo part of their usual payment in exchange for a certain percentage of the gross takings of a particularly successsful film). Lana Turner (February 8, 1921 – June 29, 1995) was an Academy award-nominated American film actress. ... Imitation of Life is a 1959 film directed by Douglas Sirk, adapted from Fannie Hursts novel Imitation of Life, produced by Universal as a vehicle for Lana Turner. ... See also: 1958 in film 1959 1960 in film 1950s in film 1960s in film years in film film Events The Three Stooges make their 180th and last short film, Sappy Bullfighters. ... For other persons named Elizabeth Taylor, see Elizabeth Taylor (disambiguation). ... Cleopatra is a 1963 film directed by Joseph L. Mankiewicz. ... // Events January 28 - Filming begins on Dr. Strangelove. ... // Events February 1 - Bob Dylans film Renaldo and Clara, a documentary of the Rolling Thunder Revue tour premieres in Los Angeles, California March 1 - Charlie Chaplins coffin is stolen from a Swiss cemetery 3 months after burial March - Leigh Brackett completes the first draft for Star Wars Episode... Christopher Reeve as the Man of Steel, Superman Superman, also known as Superman: The Movie, is a 1978 Warner Bros. ... Marlon Brando, Jr. ... Jor-El is a fictional character that appears in the Superman comics published by DC Comics. ... Julia Roberts is an Academy Award-winning American film actress and former fashion model. ... Convenience store window poster featuring American actor Bruce Willis. ...


Movie stars also get what is known as "celebrity swag" when attending award ceremonies, winning an award and presenting awards. These are in the form of gift bags worth up to $30,000. The companies give the movie stars these items free in hope that they will get free publicity.


Downsides

Personal privacy is often a major issue as well; the individual can rarely appear in public for long without being surrounded and often harassed by strangers and/or the paparazzi. Privacy is the ability of an individual or group to keep their lives and personal affairs out of public view, or to control the flow of information about themselves. ... For the 2006 game, see Paparazzi (game). ...


Movie stars often are required by movie producers to give interviews on TV, to newspapers etc to publicize their movies. They often stipulate that they will not talk about their private lives but only about acting and movies.


Modern Decline

The common consensus both within and outside of Hollywood is that movie stars in the past decade have been unable to match the universal appeal of "classic" movie stars (e.g. Charlie Chaplin, Humphrey Bogart, Audrey Hepburn, Steve McQueen, Jack Nicholson, Claudette Colbert, Cary Grant). To explain this phenomenon, some point to the growing trend of "niche marketing" Hollywood movies, producing stars with strong, but limited appeal to specific demographics. Others point to the unappealing public conduct of modern stars, or to Hollywood's tendency to hire career actors who possess little life experience.


Treatment outside the West

Movie stars in other regions too have their own star value. For instance, in Asian film industries, many movies often run on the weight of the star's crowd pulling power more than any other intrinsic aspect of film making. Asian cinema refers to the film industries and films produced in the continent of Asia. ...


Chinese movie stars

Chinese movie stars well-known in the West include Jackie Chan, Jet Li, Chow Yun-Fat, Gong Li, Zhang Ziyi, and the late Bruce Lee, who are also some of the most popular movie stars in Eastern Asia. A few movie stars from Hong Kong have global audiences, such as Jackie Chan, while others have a limited overseas audience but a more devoted following, such as Stephen Chow, though he has become more known in the West after Shaolin Soccer and Kung Fu Hustle. Chan Kong-Sang (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ), also known as Jackie Chan Sing Lung (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ) or Jackie Chan SBS, (born on April 7, 1954) is a Chinese martial artist, action star, actor, director, screenwriter, film producer, singer and stunt performer. ... Jet Li (born Li Lianjie on April 26th, 1963 in Beijing, China) is a Chinese actor, martial arts expert and movie star. ... Chow Yun-Fat (Traditional Chinese: ; Simplified Chinese: ; pinyin: ) (born May 18, 1955 on Lamma Island, Hong Kong, China) is a Hong Kong actor. ... This is a Chinese name; the family name is Gong Gong Li (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ) (born December 31, 1965) is a Chinese film actress. ... Zhang Ziyi (章子怡; pinyin: Zhāng Zǐyí) (born February 9, 1979 in Beijing, China) is one of the most well-known Chinese film actresses working today, with a string of Chinese and international hits to her name. ... Bruce Lee (Traditional Chinese: ; Simplified Chinese: ; Pinyin: Lǐ XiÇŽolóng; Cantonese Yale: Léih Síulùhng; November 27, 1940 – July 20, 1973) was a Chinese American martial artist, philosopher, instructor, and martial arts actor widely regarded as one of the most influential martial artists of the twentieth century. ... East Asia is a subregion of Asia that can be defined in either geographical or cultural terms. ... Stephen Chow (also Stephen Chiau) (traditional Chinese : 周星馳; simplified Chinese : 周星驰; Romanized as: Chow Sing Chi ; pinyin : Zhōu XÄ«ngchí; jyutping : zau1 sing1 ci4) (born June 22, 1962) is a director and actor in many blockbuster movies in Hong Kong. ... Shaolin Soccer is a 2001 Hong Kong comedy film directed by acclaimed Hong Kong comedian, actor and director, Stephen Chow. ... Kung Fu Hustle (Chinese: ; pinyin: ) is a 2004 martial arts film directed by Stephen Chow. ...


Indian movie stars

The Indian film industry has its own set of rules in this aspect and there are often "superstars" in this region, who often command premium pay commensurate with their box office appeal. Movie stars in India often have huge and hysterical followings. Among them, Amitabh Bachchan, Shahrukh Khan, Aamir Khan and Aishwarya Rai are arguably the most popular movie stars in Southern Asia. In South India, a number of matinee idols often enter politics and even reach the post of Chief Minister of their respective Indian states. Several Indian stars have also become known in the West, such as Aishwarya Rai (Miss World 1994), Shilpa Shetty (Celebrity Big Brother 2007), Aamir Khan (Lagaan), Rajinikanth and the late Raj Kapoor, while several others have become Internet phenomenons such as Thavakalai ("Little Superstar") and Chiranjeevi ("Indian Thriller"). The Indian film industry is the largest in the world in terms of the number of films produced annually (877 feature films and 1177 short films were released in the year 2003 alone). ... Amitabh Bachchan (; Devanagari: अमिताभ बच्चन), born October 11, 1942 is a successful Hindi film actor . ... Shah Rukh Khan (Hindi: शाहरुख़ ख़ान, Urdu: شاه رخ خان), pronunciation: (also known as King Khan), is an Indian actor in Bollywood. ... Aamir Hussain Khan (; Devanagari: आमिर ख़ान, Urdu script: عامر حسین خان), born March 14, 1965, in Mumbai, India, is a highly acclaimed Indian film actor and producer. ... Aishwarya Rai-Bachan (Tulu-Kannada: ಐಶ್ವರ್ಯ ರೈ, Devanāgarī: ऐश्वर्या बच्चन, IPA: ) (born November 1, 1973) is a two-time Filmfare Award-winning Indian actress. ... This article is about the geopolitical region in Asia. ... South India is a linguistic-cultural region of India that comprises the four Indian states of Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu and the Union Territory of Pondicherry, whose inhabitants are collectively referred to as South Indians. ... A Chief Minister is the elected Head of Government of a state of India, a territory of Australia or a British overseas territory that has attained self-government. ... The official Miss World logo . The Miss World pageant is an international beauty pageant founded in the United Kingdom by Eric Morley in 1951. ... Shilpa Shetty (Tulu: ಶಿಲ್ಪ ಶೆಟ್ಟಿ) (born 8 June 1975) is a four-time Filmfare Award-nominated Indian film actress, model, AIDS activist and PETA supporter. ... Celebrity Big Brother 2007 was the fifth series of the United Kingdom reality television series Celebrity Big Brother, a spin-off of Big Brother. ... Aamir Hussain Khan (; Devanagari: आमिर ख़ान, Urdu script: عامر حسین خان), born March 14, 1965, in Mumbai, India, is a highly acclaimed Indian film actor and producer. ... Lagaan (Hindi: लगान; Urdu: لگان; English: land tax), also known as Lagaan: Once upon a time in India, is an award-winning film made in India, released on June 1, 2001. ... Rajinikanth (Tamil:ரஜினிகாந்த்; Kannada: ರಜನೀಕಾಂತ್) (born Shivaji Rao Gaekwad on December 12, 1950[1]) is an iconic Indian film actor. ... Raj Kapoor (Hindi: राज कपूर, Urdu: راج کپور, Rāj Kapūr, December 14, 1924 - June 2, 1988) was a legendary Indian actor, director, and producer of Bollywood movies. ... An Internet phenomenon occurs when something becomes extremely popular, often quite suddenly, through the word-of-mouth and self-publishing made feasible by the Internet. ... Little Superstar is an Internet meme, consisting of a video of a midget dancing to MC Miker G & DJ Svens Holiday, in a clip from a 1990 Tamil movie Adhisaya Piravi, featuring actor Rajnikanth. ... Konidela Siva Sankara Vara Prasad born on August 22, 1955, more popularly known as Chiranjeevi, is a popular Telugu film actor referred by his fans as Mega Star. ...


See also


  Results from FactBites:
 
Edna Purviance, Nevada's Forgotten Movie Star, by David W. Toll (3203 words)
But Edna Purviance, who starred with Charlie Chaplin in the pictures that elevated him into the first rank among movie stars, is now almost forgotten here.
It seems especially strange because she was not only a famous movie star and for many years Chaplin's leading lady, she was his lover and his best and most loyal friend until the day she died.
The movie was never released, and Sternberg said Edna was an unemployable alcoholic.
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