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Encyclopedia > Mount Taygetus
Taygetus
Elevation: 2,410 m (7,900 ft) (Profitis Ilias)
Latitude: 36.954/36°57'15" N
Longitude: 23.352/23°21'5" E
Location: eastern Messenia
western Laconia
Length: approx. 50 km, north to south
approx. from 10 to 20 km from east to west
Easiest route: climb

Taygetus or Taygetos (Greek: Ταΰγετος), also Taigetos is a mountain range of the Peloponnesus, Southern Greece, extending about 65 mi (100 km) north from the southern end of Cape Matapan in the Mani Peninsula. It rises to about 7,900 ft (2,410 m) at Mt. Hagios Ilias (Mt. St. Elias). The mountain is named after Taygete. In the Byzantine times and up until the 19th century, the mountain was known as Pentedaktylos (Greek for five fingers). The mountain range includes the prefectures of Arcadia, Laconia and Messenia. Basic Definition In geography, the elevation of a geographic location is its height above mean sea level (or some other fixed point). ... Latitude, sometimes denoted by the Greek letter φ, gives the location of a place on Earth north or south of the Equator. ... Map of Earth showing lines of longitude, which appear curved and vertical in this projection, but are actually halves of great circles Longitude, sometimes denoted by the Greek letter λ, describes the location of a place on Earth east or west of a north-south line called the Prime Meridian. ... Messinia Messinia (also spelled Messenia) is a district in the Peloponnesus, a region of Greece. ... Laconia (Λακωνία; see also List of traditional Greek place names), also known as Lacedaemonia, was in ancient Greece the portion of the Peloponnesus of which the most important city was Sparta. ... The distance between two points is the length of a straight line segment between them. ... Southern and northern Mount Everest climbing routes as seen from the International Space Station. ... The most general definition of a mountain range is a group of mountains bordered by lowlands. ... Peloponnesos (Greek: Πελοπόννησος, sometime Latinized as Peloponnesus or Anglicized as The Peloponnese) is a large peninsula in Greece, forming the part of the country south of the Isthmus of Corinth. ... Cape Tenaro (Greek: Ταίναρο) also known as Cape Tainaro (older forms: Tenaron and Tainaron) and Cape Matapan is situated in Mani, Laconia, Greece. ... Map of Greece highlighting the Mani peninsula For other meanings of the word Mani, see Mani. ... In Greek mythology, Taygete (Greek: Ταϋγέτη, in Modern Greek Taygeti, Taigeti) was a nymph, one of the Pleiades according to Apollodorus (3. ... The Byzantine Empire is the term conventionally used to describe the Greek-speaking Roman Empire during the Middle Ages, centred at its capital in Constantinople. ... Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... Arcadia or Arkadía (Greek Αρκαδία; see also List of traditional Greek place names) is a region of Greece in the Peloponnesus. ... Laconia (Λακωνία; see also List of traditional Greek place names), also known as Lacedaemonia, was in ancient Greece the portion of the Peloponnesus of which the most important city was Sparta. ... Messinia Messinia (also spelled Messenia) is a district in the Peloponnesus, a region of Greece. ...


The valley of the Evrotas River lies to the east, while the Ionian Sea lies to the south and west along with the Gulf of Kalamata or the Messenian Gulf and Arcadia to the north. The Evrótas (Greek: Ευρώτας) is a river in the Peloponnese in southern Greece. ... The Ionian Sea. ... Arcadia or Arkadía (Greek Αρκαδία; see also List of traditional Greek place names) is a region of Greece in the Peloponnesus. ...


Almost all of the Evrotas valley, the Parnon mountains and half of Laconia can be seen in the eastern part, the western part's panorama include Kalamata and the eastern half of Messenia and most of the southwestern part of Arcadia can also be seen.


The central part of the mountain range is commonly called Skoteini Plevra which means the dark side because the villages that are in the Taygetus don't receive as much sunshine especially in the morning and the pre-dusk hours. Much of the area are forested and in higher areas, deforested with grasslands, meadows and flowers. The area receives sunshine only during the afternoon hours. The length is about 4 to 5 km and the width is approx. 1 km.

Contents


Geographical features

  • Kouakiou river
  • Rintomo gorge [1]
  • Viros gorge

Places on the Taygetus

  • Artemissia (pop: 291)
  • Piges (pop: 103)

Nearby places

In order of ascent, example north to south in the west.

There are a few creeks in the range including two running within GR-82. Areopoli is the second biggest town in Mani. ... There is also a Kalamata in the Democratic Republic of Congo, see Kalamata, Democratic Republic of Congo Kalamata (Greek, Modern: Καλαμάτα, Ancient/Katharevousa: -ai), older forms: Kalamai is a city in southern Greece, on the Peloponnesos, by the Mediterranean. ... Sellasia, Selasia or Selassia (Greek: Σελλασία) rarely Arakhova is a village and a municipality which this town is the seat of the municipality of Oinounta, Inounta or Inouda (Greek, Modern: Οινούντα, Ancient/Katharevousa: -ous), ancient form: Oinous or Inous, Latin: Oenus located in the northwestern part of the prefecture of... Sparta (Greek Σπάρτη) was a city in ancient Greece, whose territory included, in Classical times, all Laconia and Messenia, and which was the most powerful state of the Peloponnesus. ... For a village in the prefecture of Ioannina, see Mystras (Ioannina), Greece The Vale of Laconia seen from the battlements of Mystras Mystras (also Mistra, Mystra and Mistras Greek: Μύστρας , Μυζηθράς Mizithras or Myzithras in the chronicle of Morea ) was a fortified town in Morea (the Peloponnesus), on Mt. ... Arni is the name of several places in Switzerland: Arni in the canton of Aargau Arni in the canton of Bern Arni is a settlement in Amsteg in the canton of Uri Arni is also a small silk-weaving town in Tamilnadu, India. ... Gytheio (Greek, Modern: Γύθειο, Ancient/Katharevousa: -on), also Gythio, Githeio or Githio is a town of Laconia in Greece, long known as the seaport of Sparta some 30 miles inland. ... Map of Greece highlighting the Mani peninsula For other meanings of the word Mani, see Mani. ...


As an aside, but unconfirmed there is a naturally occurring pyramid on this mountain, perhaps one of the few naturally occurring pyraminds in the world. Taygetus also has a resort. Climate has cool summers in the central part with snowy winters. Most of the eastern half is grassy while the rest of the mountain is covered with Pine trees. Species About 115. ...


An ancient road linking Messene along with the rest of Messenia and Sparta ran in the southern part of the mountain in ancient and medieval times. The modern highway is Greece Interstate 82, the Kalamata to Sparti Highway running in the northcentral part with a pass of about 1,060 m. It is the only highway that runs through the Taygetus ranges. There is also a Messene (pronunciation: meh-SEH-neh) in Angola, see Messene, Angola and Bab Messene (pronunciation: BAHB meh-SEH-neh) in Tunisia Messene (Greek: Μεσσήνη Messínî or Messénê ) was an ancient Greek city, the capital of Messenia (until the modern prefecture was formed), founded by Epaminondas in 369... Messinia Messinia (also spelled Messenia) is a district in the Peloponnesus, a region of Greece. ... Sparta (Greek Σπάρτη) was a city in ancient Greece, whose territory included, in Classical times, all Laconia and Messenia, and which was the most powerful state of the Peloponnesus. ... Greece Interstate 82 (Pylos - Kalamata - Sparti) is a west to east highway linking Pylos with the GR-9/E55, Kalamata and downtown Sparta with GR-37/E???. The highway begins in downtown Pylos and runs through the southwestern part of Messenia and through curvy roads and through Lykodimos and intersects...


A Trail is situated in the south central part of the range west of Mystras. For a village in the prefecture of Ioannina, see Mystras (Ioannina), Greece The Vale of Laconia seen from the battlements of Mystras Mystras (also Mistra, Mystra and Mistras Greek: Μύστρας , Μυζηθράς Mizithras or Myzithras in the chronicle of Morea ) was a fortified town in Morea (the Peloponnesus), on Mt. ...


Further, this is the mountain on which the Spartans would leave their handicapped children to Die. Most likely, the children were thown off the mountain because of the Spartans way of life. They were a warrior city and physical weakness was not tolerated.


A documentary broadcasted by ERT is about the Taygetus and it begins by GR-82 and up to several villages and finally into the grasslands and up to the snowy mountain. Elliniki Radiophonia Tileorassi (Ελληνική Ραδιοφωνία Τηλεόραση) is Greek for Greek (Hellenic) Radiophone Television. ...


External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Messinia: Definition and Links by Encyclopedian.com - All about Messinia (799 words)
Messinia (also spelled Messenia) is a district in the Peloponnesus, bounded on the east by Mount Taygetus[?], on the north by the river Neda and the Arcadian Mountains, on the south and west by the sea.
In the Homeric poems eastern Messenia is represented as under the rule of Menelaus of Sparta, while the western coast is under the Neleids of Pylos, but after Menelaus’s death the Messenian frontier was pushed eastwards as far as Taygetus.
For centuries there had been a dispute between Messenia and Sparta about the possession of the Ager Dentheliales on the western slope of Taygetus: after various decisions by Philip of Macedon, Antigonus, Mummius, Caesar, Antony, Augustus and others, the question was settled in 25 by Tiberius and the Senate in favour of the Messenians (Tac.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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