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Encyclopedia > Mount Taranaki
Mount Taranaki

Mount Taranaki/Egmont
Elevation 2,518 metres (8,261 feet)
Location New Zealand
Coordinates 39°18′0″S, 174°4′0″E
Type Stratovolcano
Last eruption 1755
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Mount Taranaki or Mount Egmont [1] is a dormant stratovolcano located in the Taranaki region on the west coast of New Zealand's North Island. Small pic of Mount Taranaki. ... A topographical summit is a point on a surface which is higher in elevation than all points immediately adjacent to it. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically); large version (pdf) The geographic (earth-mapping) coordinate system expresses every horizontal position on Earth by two of the three coordinates of a spherical coordinate system which is aligned with the spin axis of the Earth. ... Mountains can be characterized in several ways. ... A stratovolcano is a tall, conical mountain (volcano) composed of both hardened lava and volcanic ash. ... A volcano is a geological landform usually generated by the eruption through a planets surface of magma, molten rock welling up from the planets interior. ... 1755 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Image File history File links NZ-Mt_Taranaki. ... Image File history File links NZ-Mt_Taranaki. ... A volcano is a geological landform usually generated by the eruption through a planets surface of magma, molten rock welling up from the planets interior. ... A stratovolcano is a tall, conical mountain (volcano) composed of both hardened lava and volcanic ash. ... View of Mount Taranaki from Stratford (facing west). ... North Island The North Island is one of the two main islands of New Zealand, the other being the South Island. ...


The 2518-metre-high mountain is one of the most perfectly-shaped volcanic ash cones in the world. There is a secondary cone, Fanthams Peak, on the south side. Because of its resemblance to Mount Fuji, Taranaki provided the backdrop for the Tom Cruise movie The Last Samurai. The metre, or meter, is a measure of length, approximately equal to 3. ... Diamond Head, a well-known backdrop to Waikiki in Hawaii, is an ash cone that solidified into tuff Volcanic ash is the term for very fine rock and mineral particles less than 2 mm in diameter that are ejected from a volcanic vent. ... Pu‘u ‘Ō‘ō, a cinder-and-spatter cone on Kilauea, Hawaii Volcanic cones are among the simplest volcano formations. ... Mount Fuji , IPA: ) is the highest mountain in Japan. ... Tom Cruise (born Thomas Cruise Mapother IV on July 3, 1962) is an Academy Award-nominated and Golden Globe Award-winning American actor and film producer who has starred in a number of top-grossing movies and remains one of the most successful movie stars in Hollywood. ... The Last Samurai is a film, released in the United States on December 5, 2003. ...


Mount Taranaki/Egmont is geologically young, having commenced activity approximately 135,000 years ago. The most recent volcanic activity was a moderate ash eruption which occurred about 1755, and the last major eruption occurred around 1655. Recent research has shown that minor eruptions have occurred roughly every 90 years on average, with major eruptions every 500 years, over the last 9000 years. 1755 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ...

Contents


Hazards

Mount Taranaki/Egmont is considered unusual in that it has experienced at least five of its major eruptions by the method of cone collapse. Few volcanoes have undergone more than one cone collapse. The vast volume of material involved in these collapses is reflected in the extensive ringplain surrounding the volcano. There is also evidence of lahars being a common result of eruption. Lahar from a March 1982 eruption of Mount St. ...


Much of the region is at risk from lahars, which have reached as far as the coast in the past. A volcanic event is unnecessary: even earthquake and heavy rain or snow could dislodge vast quantities of unstable layers resting on steep slopes. Many farmers live in the paths of such possible destructive events.


Taranaki/Egmont is a relatively easy mountain to climb and many do so each summer. It takes a reasonably fit person a day to make the up-and-back climb. However, weather on the mountain can change rapidly, catching inexperienced trampers unawares. Many beautiful natural scenes are only accessible if one is willing to hike to get to them. ...


The mountain's name

For many centuries the mountain was called Taranaki by Maori. Captain Cook named it Mount Egmont after John Perceval, 2nd Earl of Egmont, the First Lord of the Admiralty who promoted Cook's first voyage. It appeared as Mt. Egmont on maps until the 1980s, when it was ruled that the official name is Mount Taranaki or Mount Egmont. The Egmont name still applies to the national park that surrounds the peak. Incidentally, the name Mount Taranaki is linguistically redundant, since the word tara means mountain peak. Naki is thought to come from ngaki, meaning shining, a reference to the winter, snow-clad, nature of the upper slopes. Geologists refer to it as the Taranaki/Egmont Volcano [2]. Te Puni, Māori Chief Māori is the name of the indigenous people of New Zealand, and their language. ... British explorer James Cook is most noted for having discovered Australia and Hawaii. ... John Perceval, 2nd Earl of Egmont (1711-1770), was a British politician, political pamphleteer, and genealogist. ... The First Lord of the Admiralty was a British government position in charge of the Admiralty. ...

Major Volcanoes of New Zealand.
Major Volcanoes of New Zealand.
View of Mount Egmont from Stratford, showing Fantham's Peak on the left side.
View of Mount Egmont from Stratford, showing Fantham's Peak on the left side.

Download high resolution version (377x722, 18 KB) Major Volcanoes of New Zealand http://vulcan. ... Download high resolution version (377x722, 18 KB) Major Volcanoes of New Zealand http://vulcan. ... Picture of Mount Taranaki taken from Glanville Road, Stratford, Taranaki, New Zealand. ... Picture of Mount Taranaki taken from Glanville Road, Stratford, Taranaki, New Zealand. ... Stratfords view of Mount Taranaki (facing west). ...

National park

In 1881, a circular area with a radius of six miles (9.6 km) from the summit was protected as a Forest Reserve. Areas encompassing the older volcanic remnants of Pouakai and Kaitake were later added to the reserve and in 1900 all this land was gazetted as Egmont National Park, the second national park in New Zealand. With intensively-farmed dairy pasture reaching right up to the mostly-circular park boundary, the change in vegetation is sharply delineated in satellite images. 1881 (MDCCCLXXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... 1900 (MCM) was an exceptional common year starting on Monday. ... Categories: New Zealand geography stubs | National parks of New Zealand | Taranaki ... Brecon Beacons National Park, Wales A national park is a reserve of land, usually owned by a national government, protected from most human development and pollution. ...


Recreation

The Stratford Mountain Club operates the Manganui skifield on the eastern slope. Equipment access to the skifield is by flying fox across the Manganui Gorge.


Taranaki/Egmont is a relatively easy mountain to climb and many do so each summer. It takes a reasonably fit person a day to make the up-and-back climb. However, weather on the mountain can change rapidly, catching inexperienced trampers unawares. A number of people have died on the mountain after being caught unprepared in bad weather. This mountain is possibly the most dangerous in New Zealand with a reputation for the highest annual fatalities. Many beautiful natural scenes are only accessible if one is willing to hike to get to them. ...


Access

There are three roads leading part-way up the mountain. The highest is to East Egmont plateau, with a viewing platform and parking facilities for the skifield. It lies at the transition between subalpine scrub and alpine herbfields.


There are park visitor centres at North Egmont and at Dawson Falls on the southeast side.


The eastern side from Stratford leads to the Stratford Mountain House, and the ski field.


There is no road access on the western side. However, a road winds for 10 km though native bush over the saddle between Pouakai and Kaitake. Near the top of this road is the renowned Pukeiti Trust rhododendron garden. This article is about the plant. ...

NASA satellite photo of Taranaki. The forested area matches the national park boundary fairly closely.
NASA satellite photo of Taranaki. The forested area matches the national park boundary fairly closely.

Download high resolution version (750x694, 127 KB)Credits: NASA/GSFC/MITI/ERSDAC/JAROS, and U.S./Japan ASTER Science Team Source: http://earthobservatory. ... Download high resolution version (750x694, 127 KB)Credits: NASA/GSFC/MITI/ERSDAC/JAROS, and U.S./Japan ASTER Science Team Source: http://earthobservatory. ...

Older volcanoes in the area

Taranaki sits upon the remains of three older volcanic complexes which lie to the northwest. Tectonic movement is slowly pushing the hot zone which feeds New Zealand's volcanoes southward. This trend is reflected in the newer secondary crater on the southeast side of Mt Taranaki/Egmont, Fantham's Peak.


The oldest volcanic remnants consist of a series of lava plugs: Paritutu rock, which forms part of New Plymouth's harbour, and the Sugar Loaf Islands close offshore. These have been dated at 1.75 million years. New Plymouth is the port and main city in the Taranaki region on the west coast of the North Island of New Zealand. ...


On the coast 15 km southwest of New Plymouth is the Kaitake range, last active approximately 500,000 years ago.


Nearest to Mt Taranaki/Egmont is the Pouakai complex. Pouakai may have originated around the same time as Kaitake but remained active until about 240,000 years ago. Much of Pouakai's large ringplain was obliterated by the Egmont Volcano, the hills near Eltham being the only remnant to the south.


See also

The following is a list of the highest mountains in New Zealand, and also of some other prominent mountains and hills, ordered by height. ...

External links

References

  • New Zealand Herald, 24 October 2005. Mt Taranaki eruption overdue say scientists.

  Results from FactBites:
 
Mount Taranaki - definition of Mount Taranaki in Encyclopedia (546 words)
Mount Taranaki (also called Mount Egmont [1] (http://www.linz.govt.nz/rcs/linz/pub/web/root/core/Placenames/SearchPlaceNames/searchplacenames/index.jsp?p=63381)) is a dormant stratovolcano located in the west of New Zealand's North Island.
Mount Taranaki is geologically young, having commenced activity approximately 135,000 years ago.
Mount Taranaki is considered unusual in that it has experienced at least five of its major eruptions by the method of cone collapse.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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