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Encyclopedia > Mount Tai
Mount Tai

A cliff overlooking one of the peaks near the top of Mount Tai.
Elevation: 1,545 metres (5,068 feet)
Location: Shandong, China
Coordinates: 36°16′ N 117°06′ E
Type: metamorphic, sedimentary
Age of rock: Cambrian

Mount Tai (Chinese: 泰山; pinyin: Tài Shān) is a mountain of historical and cultural significance located north of the city of Tai'an, in Shandong Province, China. The tallest peak is the 1,545 metre-high Jade Emperor Peak. Mount Tai is one of the "five sacred mountains of China". Associated with sunrise, birth, and renewal, it is often regarded the foremost of these. The temples on its slopes have been a destination for pilgrims for 3,000 years. Download high resolution version (2048x1360, 1097 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... A topographical summit is a point on a surface which is higher in elevation than all points immediately adjacent to it. ... Shandong (Simplified Chinese: 山东; Traditional Chinese: 山東; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Shan-tung) is a coastal province of eastern Peoples Republic of China. ... This article is about longitude and latitude; see also UTM coordinate system Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically); large version (pdf) The geographic (earth-mapping) coordinate system expresses every horizontal position on Earth by two of the three coordinates of a spherical coordinate system which... Mountains can be characterized in several ways. ... The geologic time scale is used by geologists and other scientists to describe the timing and relationships between events that have occurred during the history of the Earth. ... The Cambrian is a major division of the geologic timescale that begins about 542 million years before the present (BP) at the end of the Proterozoic eon and ended about 490 million years BP with the beginning of the Ordovician period. ... Pinyin (拼音, pÄ«nyÄ«n) literally means join (together) sounds (a less literal translation being phoneticize, spell or transcription) in Chinese and usually refers to HànyÇ” PÄ«nyÄ«n (汉语拼音, literal meaning: Han language pinyin), which is a system of romanization (phonemic notation and transcription to Roman script) for Standard Mandarin. ... Taian (Chinese: 泰安; pinyin: ) is a city in central Shandong Province, China. ... Shandong (Simplified Chinese: 山东; Traditional Chinese: 山東; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Shan-tung) is a coastal province of eastern Peoples Republic of China. ... A province, in the context of China, is a translation of sheng (省 shÄ›ng), which is an administrative division of China. ... The metre, (symbol: m) is the SI base unit of length. ... The Sacred Mountains of China are divided into two groups associated with Taoism and Buddhism. ...

Contents


Location

Mount Tai is located just north of the city of Tai'an and to the south of the provincial capital Jinan. It extends from 150 to 1,545 metres above sea level and covers an area of 426 square kilometres at its base. The Jade Emperor Peak is located at 36° 16′ N and 117° 6′ E. Location within China Jinan (Simplified Chinese: 济南; Traditional Chinese: 濟南; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Chi-nan) is the capital and a sub-provincial city of Shandong province in China. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ...

Location within China
Location within China

Download high resolution version (1804x1322, 278 KB) File links The following pages link to this file: Mount Tai Categories: GFDL images ... Download high resolution version (1804x1322, 278 KB) File links The following pages link to this file: Mount Tai Categories: GFDL images ...

History

Traces of human presence at Mount Tai date back to the Paleolithic period. Human settlement of the area can be proven from the neolithic period onwards. During this time, two cultures had emerged near the mountain, the Dawenkou to the north and Longshan to the south. In the Spring and Autumn Period, the mountain lay on the boundary between the competing States of Qi (north of the mountain) and Lu (south). In the ensuing Warring States Period, the State of Qi erected a 500 km-long wall to protect itself against an invasion. Ruins of this wall are still present today. The name Tai'an of neighboring city is attributed to the saying "If Mount Tai is stable, so is the entire country". The Paleolithic or Palaeolithic (Greek παλαιός paleos=old and λίθος lithos=stone or the Old Stone Age) was the first period in the development of human technology of the Stone Age. ... The Neolithic, (Greek neos=new, lithos=stone, or New Stone Age) was a period in the development of human technology that is traditionally the last part of the Stone Age. ... The Spring and Autumn Period (Chinese: 春秋時代; Pinyin: ) represented an era in Chinese history between 722 BC and 481 BC. The period takes its name from the Spring and Autumn Annals, a chronicle of the period whose authorship was traditionally attributed to Confucius. ... State of Qi (small seal script, 220 BC) See Qi (disambiguation) for other meanings of Qi. Qi (齊; pinyin: qi2) was a relatively powerful state during the Spring and Autumn Period and Period of the Warring States. ... Lu (Chinese: 魯國; pinyin: ) was an ancient state in China during the Spring and Autumn Period. ... Alternative meaning: Warring States Period (Japan) The Warring States Period (traditional Chinese: 戰國時代, simplified Chinese: 战国时代 pinyin Zhànguó Shídài) takes place from sometime in the 5th century BC to the unification of China by Qin in 221 BC. It is nominally considered to be the second part of the...


Religious worship of Mount Tai has a tradition of 3,000 years, it has been practiced from the time of the Shang to that of the Qing Dynasty. Over time, this worship evolved into an official imperial rite and Mount Tai became one of the principal places, where the emperor would pay homage to Heaven (on the summit) and Earth (at the foot of the mountain) in the Fengshan Sacrifices (封禪). The emperor Qin Shi Huang held a ceremony on the summit in 219 AD and proclaimed the unity of his empire in a famous inscription. Shang Dynasty (Chinese: 商朝) or Yin Dynasty (殷代) (1600 BC - 1046 BC) is the first historic Chinese dynasty and ruled in the northeastern region of China proper. ... The Qing Dynasty (Manchu: daicing gurun; Chinese: 清朝; pinyin: qÄ«ng cháo; Wade-Giles: ching chao), sometimes known as the Manchu Dynasty, was founded by the Manchu clan Aisin Gioro, in what is today northeast China expanded into China proper and the surrounding territories of Inner Asia, establishing... Qin Shi Huang (秦始皇) (November or December 260 BC-September 10, 210 BC), personal name Zheng, was king of the Chinese State of Qin from 247 BC to 221 BC, and then the first emperor of a unified China from 221 BC to 210 BC, ruling under the name First Emperor. ... Events Legio III Gallica and IV Scythica are disbanded by Roman Emperor Elagabalus after their leaders, Verus and Gellius Maximus, rebel. ...


Mount Tai has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1987. In 2003, it attracted around 6 million visitors. A renovation project to be completed by late October 2005 aims at restoring cultural relics and the rebuilding of damaged buildings of cultural significance. Modern buildings which are inconsistent with the historic landscape are to be demolished. The total cost of the work is estimated at 15 million yuan (approximately 1.8 million US dollars). UNESCO logo The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, commonly known as UNESCO, is a specialized agency of the United Nations system established in 1946. ... A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a specific site (such as a forest, mountain range, lake, desert, building, complex, or city) that has been nominated for the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage committee. ... 1987 is a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 2003 is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 2005 is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Natural significance

Mount Tai is a tilted fault-block mountain with height increasing from the north to the south. It is the oldest example of a paleo-metamorphic formation from the Cambrian Period in eastern China. Known as the Taishan Complex, this formation contains magnetized, metamorphic, and sedimentary rock as well as intrusions from various origins during the Archean Era. The uplift of the region started in the Proterozoic Era, by the end of the Proterozoic, it had become part of the continent. The Archean is a geologic eon; it is a somewhat antiquated term for the time span between 2500 million years before the present and 3800 million years before the present. ... In geology, the Proterozoic is an eon prior to the first abundant complex life on earth. ...

Mt. Tai
Mt. Tai

Besides the Jade Emperor Peak, other distinctive rock formations are the Heaven Candle Peak, the Fan Cliff, and the Rear Rock Basin. Download high resolution version (2304x1728, 673 KB)A peak at Tai Shan, Shandong, China. ... Download high resolution version (2304x1728, 673 KB)A peak at Tai Shan, Shandong, China. ...


Mount Tai lies in the zone of oriental deciduous forest; about 80% of its area is covered with vegetation. The flora is known to comprise almost 1,000 species. Some of the trees in the area are very old and have cultural significance, such as the Han Dynasty Cypresses, which were planted by the Emperor Wu Di, the Tang Chinese Scholartree (about 1,300 years old), the Welcoming-Guest Pine (500 years old) and the Fifth-Rank Pine, which was named originally by the Emperor Qin Shi Huang, but was replanted about 250 years ago. Cypress is the name applied to many plants in the conifer family Cupressaceae (cypress family). ... Emperor Wu of Han (156 BC*–March 29, 87 BC), personal name Liu Che, was the sixth emperor of the Chinese Han Dynasty, ruling from 141 BC to 87 BC. Emperor Wu is considered one of the greatest emperors throughout Chinese history, ranking alongside Emperor Taizong of the Tang dynasty...


Cultural significance

In total, there are 22 temples, 97 ruins, 819 stone tablets, and 1,018 cliff-side and stone inscriptions located on Mount Tai. A flight of 6,660 steps leads up the East Peak of Mount Tai, along its course, there are 11 gates, 14 archways, 14 kiosks, and 4 pavilions. The Temple of the God of Mount Tai, known as the Dai Temple (Dai Miao) is largest and most complete ancient building complex in the area. It covers an area of 96,000 m². The temple was built for the first time during the Qin Dynasty. Since the time of the Han Dynasty, its design has been a replica of the imperial palace, which makes it one out of three structures in China with the features of an imperial palace (the other two are the Forbidden City and the Confucius Temple in Qufu). The temple has five major halls and many small buildings. The center piece is the Palace of Heavenly Blessings (Tian Zhu). It was built in 1008, during the Northern Song Dynasty. The hall houses a Song Dynasty the mural painting "The God of Mount Tai Making a Journey" dated to the year 1009. The mural stretches around the east, west and north walls of the hall, it is 3.3 metres high and 62 metres long. The theme of the painting is an inspection tour by the god. Next to the Palace of Heavenly Blessings stand the Yaocan Pavilion and the entrance archway as well as the Bronze Pavilion in the northeast corner. The Dai Temple is surrounded by the 2,100 year-old Han Dynasty cypresses. Han commanderies and kingdoms AD 2. ... Forbidden City Courtyard The Forbidden City or Forbidden Palace (Chinese: 紫禁城; pinyin: ; literally Purple Forbidden City), located at the exact center of the ancient City of Beijing, was the imperial palace during the mid-Ming and the Qing dynasties. ... Qufu (曲阜, pinyin Qūfù, Wade-Giles Chü1-fu4) is the name of a city in Shandong Province, China. ... Events Olof, king of Sweden, is baptized. ... Alternative meaning: Song Dynasty (420-479) The Song dynasty (Chinese: 宋朝) was a ruling dynasty in China from 960-1279. ... Events February 14: First known mention of Lithuania, in the annals of the monastery of Quedlinburg. ...


Other major temples on the mountain include the Azure Cloud Temple dedicated to the daughter of the God of Mount Tai, the goddess Laomu and the Divine Rock Temple which features the Thousand-Buddhas Hall with painted Arhat statues. A garden featuring depictions of various arhats (Hsi Lai Temple, California) An arhat (Sanskrit, also arahat or arahant (Pali); Chinese: 阿羅漢, aluohan; Tibetan: dgra-bcom-pa; Jp. ...


In 1987, Canadian progressive rock band Rush put out the Hold Your Fire album, containing the song "Tai Shan." The song revolved around drummer and lyricist Neil Peart's journey to Mount Tai. 1987 is a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Progressive rock (shortened to prog, or prog rock when differentiating from other progressive genres) is an ambitious, eclectic, and often grandiose style of rock music which arose in the late 1960s, reached the peak of its popularity in the early 1970s, and continues as a musical form to this day. ... The starman logo of Rush first appeared on the back cover of 2112. ... Hold Your Fire is the twelvth studio album by the Canadian rock band Rush, released in 1987 (see 1987 in music). ... Neil Peart of Rush. ...


Infrastructure

Porters at Mt. Tai
Porters at Mt. Tai

Visitors can reach the peak of Mount Tai via a bus which terminates at the Midway Gate to Heaven, from there a cable car connects to the summit. Covering the same distance on foot takes about two hours. The supplies for the many vendors along the road to the summit are carried up by porters either from the Midway Gate to Heaven or all the way up from the foot of the mountain. Download high resolution version (2304x1728, 999 KB)Porters at Tai Shan, Shandong, China. ... Download high resolution version (2304x1728, 999 KB)Porters at Tai Shan, Shandong, China. ...


External links

  • Description at the world heritage listing
  • News story on Renovation

  Results from FactBites:
 
Mount Tai - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1210 words)
Mount Tai (Chinese: 泰山; pinyin: Tài Shān) is a mountain of historical and cultural significance located north of the city of Tai'an, in Shandong Province, China.
Mount Tai is one of the "Five sacred mountains of China".
Mount Tai is a tilted fault-block mountain with height increasing from the north to the south.
Highlights of Chinese Culture and History (724 words)
Mount Tai is in Shandong Province in east China.
The ancients considered Mound Tai, which as believed to be the highest mount and was situated in the east as well, as the best location to offer sacrifices to the God of Heaven and temples dedicated to the God of Heaven and the Sun God were erected there on the mountain top.
It is said that when the First Emperor of Qin came to Mount Tai to perform the rites of worshipping Heaven and Earth, he was caught in a storm, and found shelter under a giant pine tree.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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