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Encyclopedia > Mount Semeru
Semeru

Semeru, 1985
Elevation: 3,676 metres (12,060 feet)
Location: Java, Indonesia
Prominence: 3,676 m
Coordinates: 8°6′28.8″S, 112°55′12″E
Type: Stratovolcano (active)
Age of rock:
Last eruption: 2006 (continuing)
Semeru volcano
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Semeru volcano

Semeru is the tallest volcano on the island of Java and one of the most active. Known also as Mahameru (Great Mountain), it is very steep and rises abruptly above the coastal plains of eastern Java. Semeru lies at the south end of the Tengger Volcanic Complex. Image File history File links Semeru. ... A topographical summit is a point on a surface which is higher in elevation than all points immediately adjacent to it. ... Java (Indonesian, Javanese, and Sundanese: Jawa) is an island of Indonesia, and the site of its capital city, Jakarta. ... In topography, prominence, also known as autonomous height, relative height, shoulder drop or prime factor (in Europe), is a concept used in the categorization of hills and mountains. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically); large version (pdf) The geographic (earth-mapping) coordinate system expresses every horizontal position on Earth by two of the three coordinates of a spherical coordinate system which is aligned with the spin axis of the Earth. ... Mountains can be characterized in several ways. ... A stratovolcano is a tall, conical mountain (volcano) composed of both hardened lava and volcanic ash. ... // The geological time scale is used by geologists and other scientists to describe the timing and relationships between events that have occurred during the history of the Earth. ... Eruption redirects here. ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Download high resolution version (1000x750, 58 KB)The Mahameru volcano on the island Java of Indonesia. ... Download high resolution version (1000x750, 58 KB)The Mahameru volcano on the island Java of Indonesia. ... Eruption redirects here. ... Java (Indonesian, Javanese, and Sundanese: Jawa) is an island of Indonesia, and the site of its capital city, Jakarta. ...


Semeru's eruptive history is extensive. Since 1818, at least 55 eruptions have been recorded (10 of which resulted in fatalities) consisting of both lava flows and pyroclastic flows. Moderate explosive eruptions (VEI 2-3) have also been recorded with some regularity. 1818 (MDCCCXVIII) is a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar. ... In computer programming jargon, lava flow is a problem in which computer code, usually written under less than optimal conditions, is put into production and then built on when still in a developmental state. ... Pyroclastic flows sweep down the flanks of Mayon Volcano, Philippines, in 1984 Pyroclastic flows are a common and devastating result of some volcanic eruptions. ... For other meanings of Ve, see Ve (disambiguation). ...


Semeru has been in a state of near-constant eruption from 1967 to the present. At times, small eruptions happen every 10 minutes or so. 1967 (MCMLXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar (the link is to a full 1967 calendar). ...


Semeru is regularly climbed by tourists, usually starting from the village of Rano Pani to the north, but though non-technical it can be dangerous. Soe Hok Gie, an Indonesian political activist of the 1960s died in 1969 from inhaling poisonous gas while hiking on Mount Semeru. Soe Hok Gie (1942-12-17–1969-12-16) was an Indonesian activist, who opposed the successive dictatorships of Presidents Sukarno and Suharto. ... The 1960s decade refers to the years from 1960 to 1969, inclusive. ...


Reference

  • Siebert, L. and T. Simkin (2002-). Volcanoes of the World: an Illustrated Catalog of Holocene Volcanoes and their Eruptions. Smithsonian Institution, Global Volcanism Program Digital Information Series, GVP-3. URL: http://www.volcano.si.edu/world/
  • Global Volcanism Program entry

External links

  • Satellite picture by Google Maps

  Results from FactBites:
 
Semeru - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (206 words)
Semeru is the tallest volcano on the island of Java and one of the most active.
Semeru has been in a state of near-constant eruption from 1967 to the present.
Semeru is regularly climbed by tourists, usually starting from the village of Rano Pani to the north, but though non-technical it can be dangerous.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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