FACTOID # 24: Looking for table makers? Head to Mississippi, with an overwhlemingly large number of employees in furniture manufacturing.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Mount Hermon
Mount Hermon

Mount Hermon, viewed from Mount Bental in the Golan Heights
Elevation 2,814 metres (9,230 feet)
Location Syria, Lebanon and Israel
Range Anti-Lebanon mountain range
Coordinates 33°24′N 35°51′ECoordinates: 33°24′N 35°51′E
Mount Hermon Panoramic, from Manara on the Naftali heights
Mount Hermon Panoramic, from Manara on the Naftali heights
Mount Hermon Panoramic from Nimrod
Mount Hermon Panoramic from Nimrod
Panoramic view from the Mountain
Panoramic view from the Mountain
Panoramic view from road to Masaade
Panoramic view from road to Masaade
Mount Hermon (top of photo) supplies the bulk of the Jordan River's water
Mount Hermon (top of photo) supplies the bulk of the Jordan River's water
No Entry sign
No Entry sign
water reservoir for artificial snow
water reservoir for artificial snow
toboggan
toboggan

Mount Hermon (33°24′N, 35°51′E; Hebrew: הר חרמון‎, Har Hermon, Arabic: جبل الشيخ‎, Jabal el-Shaiykh, Djabl a-Shekh,"mountain of the chief" and "snowy mountain") is a mountain in the Anti-Lebanon mountain range. Its highest point is 2,814 m (9,230 feet) above sea level. This summit is on the border between Syria and Lebanon, and is under Syrian control. The southern slopes of Mount Hermon have been in Israeli control since the Six-Day War in 1967. This part of the mountain, as well as the Golan Heights, was unilaterally annexed by Israel in 1981. Image File history File linksMetadata Hermonsnow. ... The Golan Heights (‎ Ramat HaGolan, Arabic: Habat al-Å«lān) or Golan is a mountainous area in northeastern Israel[1] on the border of Syria, Lebanon, and Jordan. ... A topographical summit is a point on a surface which is higher in elevation than all points immediately adjacent to it. ... For exotic financial options, see Mountain range (options). ... Anti-Lebanon is a mountain range of Lebanon and Syria. ... For exotic financial options, see Mountain range (options). ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (3660x750, 704 KB) View of Mount Hermon from Nimrod (Israel) Photo by beivushtang http://www. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (3660x750, 704 KB) View of Mount Hermon from Nimrod (Israel) Photo by beivushtang http://www. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1936x734, 315 KB) Panoramic view of the Golan Heights, Sea of Galilee, Hula valley and The Upper Galilee from Mount Hermon Photo by beivushtang http://www. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1936x734, 315 KB) Panoramic view of the Golan Heights, Sea of Galilee, Hula valley and The Upper Galilee from Mount Hermon Photo by beivushtang http://www. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 141 pixelsFull resolution (3460 × 610 pixel, file size: 772 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Panorama of the Road to Masaade, including the Hermon Mountains and the Hula valley to the Naftali heights Photo by beivushtang http://www. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 141 pixelsFull resolution (3460 × 610 pixel, file size: 772 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Panorama of the Road to Masaade, including the Hermon Mountains and the Hula valley to the Naftali heights Photo by beivushtang http://www. ... Jordan River viewed from space. ... Hebrew redirects here. ... Arabic redirects here. ... For other uses, see Mountain (disambiguation). ... Anti-Lebanon is a mountain range of Lebanon and Syria. ... For exotic financial options, see Mountain range (options). ... For considerations of sea level change, in particular rise associated with possible global warming, see sea level rise. ... Combatants Israel Egypt Syria Jordan Iraq Commanders Yitzhak Rabin, Moshe Dayan, Uzi Narkiss, Israel Tal, Mordechai Hod, Ariel Sharon Abdel Hakim Amer, Abdul Munim Riad, Zaid ibn Shaker, Hafez al-Assad Strength 264,000 (incl. ... Year 1967 (MCMLXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the 1967 Gregorian calendar. ... The Golan Heights (‎ Ramat HaGolan, Arabic: Habat al-Å«lān) or Golan is a mountainous area in northeastern Israel[1] on the border of Syria, Lebanon, and Jordan. ... AUGUST 25 1981 US Marine Sean Vance is Born on the 25th of August {ear nav|1981}} Year 1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays the 1981 Gregorian calendar). ...

Contents

Geography

The mountain is actually a cluster of mountains with three distinct summits, each about the same height. The Anti-Lebanon range extends for approximately 150 km (93 miles) in a northeast-southwest direction, running parallel to the Lebanon range on the west. A topographical summit is a point on a surface which is higher in elevation than all points immediately adjacent to it. ...


The Hermon range covers an area of about 1000 square km, of which about 70 km² are under Israeli control. To help compare orders of magnitude of different geographical regions, we list here areas between 1,000 km² and 10,000 km². See also areas of other orders of magnitude. ... Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ... To help compare sizes of different geographic regions, we list here areas between 10 km² (1000 hectares) and 100 km² (10,000 hectares). ...


The mountain forms one of the greatest geographic resources of the area. Because of its height it captures a great deal of precipitation in a very dry area of the world. The Jurassic limestone is broken by faults and solution channels to form a karst topography. The Jurassic Period is a major unit of the geologic timescale that extends from about 199. ... For other uses, see Limestone (disambiguation). ... Geologic faults, fault lines or simply faults are planar rock fractures, which show evidence of relative movement. ... Karst topography is a three-dimensional landscape shaped by the dissolution of a soluble layer or layers of bedrock, usually carbonate rock such as limestone or dolomite. ...


Mount Hermon has seasonal snow which covers all three of its peaks for most of the year in winter and spring. Melt water from the snow-covered mountain's western and southern bases seeps into the rock channels and pores, feeding springs at the base of the mountain, which form streams and rivers. These merge to become the Jordan River. Additionally, the runoff facilitates fertile plant life below the snow line, where vineyards and pine, oak, and poplar trees are abundant. For other uses, see Snow (disambiguation). ... Butchers Creek, Omeo, Victoria A stream, brook, beck, burn or creek, is a body of water with a detectable current, confined within a bed and banks. ... For other uses, see River (disambiguation). ... This article is about the Jordan River and its valley in western Asia. ... Runoff flowing into a stormwater drain Surface runoff is water, from rain, snowmelt, or other sources, that flows over the land surface, and is a major component of the water cycle[1][2]. Runoff that occurs on surfaces before reaching a channel is also called overland flow. ... A common vineyard. ... Subgenera Subgenus Strobus Subgenus Ducampopinus Subgenus Pinus See Pinus classification for complete taxonomy to species level. ... Species See List of Quercus species The term oak can be used as part of the common name of any of several hundred species of trees and shrubs in the genus Quercus (from Latin oak tree), which are listed in the List of Quercus species, and some related genera, notably... This article is about woody plants of the genus Populus. ... The coniferous Coast Redwood, the tallest tree species on earth. ...


The springs, and the mountain itself, are much contested by the nations of the area for the use of the water. It is important that the government that controls the mountain, as well as the springs below, realize their responsibility to guard against deforestation and pollution. This article is about the process of deforestation in the environment. ... Air pollution Pollution is the introduction of pollutants (whether chemical substances, or energy such as noise, heat, or light) into the environment to such a point that its effects become harmful to human health, other living organisms, or the environment. ...


Mount Hermon is called the "gray-haired mountain," or the "mountain of snow." It is also called "the eyes of the nation" in Israel because its altitude makes it Israel's primary strategic early warning system.citation The aim of a Strategic Early Warning System (SEWS) is to assist organizations in dealing with discontinuities or strategic “suprises”. By detecting “weak signals” (Ansoff, 1975), which can be perceived as important discontinuities in an organizational environment, SEWS allows organizations to react strategically ahead of time. ...


Biblical History

Mount Hermon was called Senir by the Amorites and Sirion by the Sidonians (Deuteronomy 3:9; Psalms 29:6; 1 Chronicles 5:23; Song of Solomon 4:8; Ezekiel 27:5). The mountain served as the northern boundary of the Promised Land (Deuteronomy 3:8) and also was the northern limit of the conquest (Joshua 11:17; 12:1; 13:5). For the language, see Amorite language. ... View of the new city the Sea Castle. ... Deuteronomy (Greek deuteronomium, second, from to deuteronomium touto, this second law, pronounced ) is the fifth book of the Torah of the Hebrew bible and the Old Testament. ... Psalms (Hebrew: Tehilim, תהילים, or praises) is a book of the Hebrew Bible included in the collected works known as the Writings or Ketuvim. ... The Book of Chronicles is a book in the Hebrew Bible (also see Old Testament). ... For other uses, see Song of Solomon (disambiguation). ... Book Of Ezekiel is rapper Freekey Zekeys debut album and debut on Diplomat Records/Asylum. ... Map of the Land of Israel as defined in the Bible The Promised Land (Hebrew: הארץ המובטחת, translit. ... The Book of Joshua is the sixth book in both the Hebrew Tanakh and the Old Testament of the Christian Bible. ...


The high places of Mount Hermon were apparently used by the Canaanites in Canaanite mythological rituals. They referred to the mountain as Mount Ba'al-Hermon (Judges 3:3). It is also called "Mount Sion". Map of Canaan For other uses, see Canaan (disambiguation). ... Canaanite mythology are the myths and god tales of ancient Canaan. ... For other uses, see Mountain (disambiguation). ... Book of Judges (Hebrew: Sefer Shoftim ספר שופטים) is a book of the Bible originally written in Hebrew. ... Mount Sion Primary School is a school in Waterford City, Ireland, founded by Edmund Ignatius Rice in 1802. ...


The Gospels tell of Jesus and his disciples journeying north from Bethsaida on the Sea of Galilee to the city of Caesarea Philippi at the southern base of Mount Hermon (Matthew 16:13; Mark 8:27). There, Jesus revealed to them his purpose to build his Church and to go to Jerusalem to die and be resurrected (Matt 16:18-21). For the genre of Christian-themed music, see gospel music. ... This article is about Jesus of Nazareth. ... In Christianity, the disciples were the students of Jesus during his ministry. ... Bethsaida (beth-sā´i-da; Βηθσαΐδά, Bēthsaidá, “house of fishing”) // Bethsaida Julias A city east of the Jordan River, in a “desert place” (that is, uncultivated ground used for grazing) at which Jesus miraculously fed the multitude with five loaves and two fishes (Mark 6:32; Luke 9:10). ... The Sea of Galilee or Lake Kinneret (Hebrew ים כנרת), is Israels largest freshwater lake. ... For the city in northwestern Syria, see Baniyas For information on the processor formerly codenamed Banias, please see Pentium M The Banias Waterfall The remains of the city of Banias (Arabic pronunciation of Panias) are located at the foot of Mt. ... The Gospel of Matthew (literally, according to Matthew; Greek, Κατά Μαθθαίον or Κατά Ματθαίον, Kata Maththaion or Kata Matthaion) is a synoptic gospel in the New Testament, one of four canonical gospels. ... The Gospel of Mark, anonymous[1] but traditionally ascribed to Mark the Evangelist, is a synoptic gospel of the New Testament. ... In Christian theology, One, Holy, Catholic and Apostolic Church is a phrase describing the nature of the Christian community and/or Christian Church, in the various meanings it has. ... For other uses, see Jerusalem (disambiguation). ...


Mount Hermon was a possible site of the Transfiguration, where Jesus took three of his disciples, Peter, James, and John, up on a high mountain for prayer. Before their eyes, Jesus was transfigured. He became radiantly white and conversed with Moses and Elijah, who had appeared beside him. The disciples' amazement and fear were further increased, when a voice from Heaven exclaimed, "This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased; hear ye Him!" (Matthew 17:1-8; Mark 9:2-8; Luke 9:29-36). Icon of the Transfiguration (15th century, Novgorod) The Transfiguration of Jesus is an event reported by the Synoptic Gospels in which Jesus was transfigured upon a mountain (Matthew 17:1-9, Mark 9:1-8, Luke 9:28-36). ... This article is about Jesus of Nazareth. ... St Peter redirects here. ... Saint James the Great (d. ... John the Apostle (Greek Ιωάννης, see names of John) was one of the Twelve Apostles of Jesus. ... This article is about Jesus of Nazareth. ... Moses with the Tablets, 1659, by Rembrandt This article is about the Biblical figure. ... Elijah, 1638, by José de Ribera This article is about the prophet in the Hebrew Bible. ... For other uses, see Heaven (disambiguation). ... The Gospel of Matthew is one of the four Gospels of the New Testament. ... The Gospel of Mark is the second in the most usual sequence of printing of the New Testament Gospels. ... The Gospel of Luke (literally, according to Luke; Greek, Κατά Λουκαν, Kata Loukan) is a synoptic Gospel, and the third and longest of the four canonical Gospels of the New Testament. ...


In the Book of Enoch (1 Enoch 6) in the Deuterocanon, Mount Hermon is the place where the Grigori ("Watcher") class of fallen angels descended to Earth. They swore upon the mountain that they would take wives among the daughters of men and return. To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... The deuterocanonical books are the books that Catholicism, Eastern Orthodoxy, and Oriental Orthodoxy include in the Old Testament that were not part of the Jewish Tanakh. ... The Grigori are a group of fallen angels told of in Biblical apocrypha who mated with mortal women, giving rise to a race of hybrids known as the Nephilim, who are described as giants in Genesis 6:4. ... This article is about the entities from Christian mythology. ... This article is about Earth as a planet. ...


Contemporary Situation

Since 1981, the Israeli region has been governed under Golan Heights Law. Mount Hermon has Israel's only ski resort, including a wide range of ski trails at novice, intermediate, and expert levels. It also offers additional winter family activities such as sledding and Nordic skiing. Those who operate the Hermon Ski area live in the nearby Israeli moshav of Neve Ativ and the Druze town of Majdal Shams. The ski resort has a ski school, ski patrol, and several restaurants located at either the bottom or peak of the area. AUGUST 25 1981 US Marine Sean Vance is Born on the 25th of August {ear nav|1981}} Year 1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays the 1981 Gregorian calendar). ... The Golan Heights Law is the Israeli Knessets law, ratified on December 14, 1981, which applies Israels laws to the Golan Heights. ... St. ... Scene from winter nearly anywhere snow may fall on a handy hill—Children at play sledding. ... Nordic skiing is a winter sport that encompasses all types of skiing where the heel of the boot cannot be fixed to the ski. ... Moshav (Hebrew: מושב Translit. ... Neve Ativ (Hebrew: ) is a small Israeli moshav, founded in 1972, and located on the slopes of the Mount Hermon rigde about two kilometres west of Majdal Shams. ... Religions Druzism Scriptures Rasail al-hikmah (Epistles of Wisdom), Quran Languages Arabic. ... Majdal Shams, an Arab Druze village in the Golan Heights Majdal Shams (Arabic مجدل شمس) is a Druze village in the northern part of the Israeli-occupied Golan Heights. ...


The Israeli sector of the mountain is heavily patrolled by the Israel Defense Forces and the Israel Police, and the Israeli Security Forces maintain a strategic observation post for monitoring Syrian and Lebanese military activity near Mitzpe Shlagim ("Snow Lookout"), which is at an elevation of about 2,224 m (7,300 feet). Its adjacent peak, at 2,236 m, is the highest elevation in Israel. Emblem of the IDF The Israel Defense Forces are part of the Israeli Security Forces. ... Israeli Police logo The Israel Police (משטרת ישראל Mishteret Yisrael) is a civilian force in the State of Israel. ... The Israeli Security Forces are several organizations collectively responsible for Israels security. ... An observation post is a position from which soldiers can watch enemy movements and direct artillery fire. ...


The Syrian government recently unveiled plans to develop a multi-billion dollar ski resort on the slopes of the mountain.[1] St. ...


Since 1996, a small Lebanese group, led by Michel Malik of Rashaya, have climbed to the top of Mount Hermon annually for the feast of Jesus' transfiguration on August 6. The group includes Christians of various denominations as well as Druze. In spite of its religious diversity, the group is Christ-centered, and most of its members participate in the Maronite mass celebrated on the mountaintop.


In 2005 the municipality of Rashaya constructed a road for jeeps that reaches an altitude of 2,400 m. There are mixed opinions about the environmental and cultural aspects of this road, as well as its utility and necessity. The municipality was also behind building a camping site and organizing trips to the top. For the past few years the climb to Mount Hermon has been receiving publicity due to newspaper articles and television news coverage. The 2006 climb was cancelled on account of war.


Israeli villages

In the Israeli slopes of the mountain there are three villages: Majdal Shams (Druze), Neve Ativ and Nimrod. Majdal Shams, an Arab Druze village in the Golan Heights Majdal Shams (Arabic مجدل شمس) is a Druze village in the northern part of the Israeli-occupied Golan Heights. ... Religions Druzism Scriptures Rasail al-hikmah (Epistles of Wisdom), Quran Languages Arabic. ... Neve Ativ (Hebrew: ) is a small Israeli moshav, founded in 1972, and located on the slopes of the Mount Hermon rigde about two kilometres west of Majdal Shams. ... view of Mount Hermon from the village Nimrod is a small Jewish village in the Golan heights on the southern slopes of mount Hermon. ...


Lebanese villages

On the western Lebanese slopes of the mountain complex are the following villages: Rachaya Al Foukhar, Kfar Hamam, Chebaa, Kfar Chouba, Hebbariyeh, El Mari, Khalouat El Bayada and Majidiyeh. These Lebanese villages are actually scattered across Jabel-Ros (Arabic for Bear Mountain) a separate mountain west of Mount Hermon. Rachaya Al Foukhar (also spelled Rashaya Al Foukhar) is a Lebanese village in the district of Hasbaya in the Nabatiye Governorate in southern Lebanon. ... Kfarhamam (also Kafarhamam, Kafrhamam, Kfar Hamam, Kafar Hamam-Arabic:كفرحمام -) is a small village located in the Arqoob region in the district of Hasbayya in Southern Lebanon, which lies on the Eastern side of the Nabatieh Governorate. ...


External links

  • Photos of Mount Hermon ski resort (in a snowless season)
  • Map of the ski resort
  • Home page of the ski resort Hermon, hebrew

See also

Several places have taken their name from this mountain. These include:

Mount Hermon is an uncorporated community in Santa Cruz County, California. ... Hermon is situated in a half square-mile valley bordered by the Arroyo Seco and the historic 110 freeway to the west, Monterey Hills to the south, and South Pasadena to the north and east. ... Mount Hermon High School is located in Mount Hermon, Louisiana. ... Mount Hermon School is a school in the town of Darjeeling, in the Indian state of West Bengal. ... Northfield Mount Hermon School Northfield Mount Hermon School (NMH) is a ninth-twelfth grade private, college preparatory school located in Mount Hermon, Massachusetts, United States. ...

References

  1. ^ Middle East Online
  • Julien Aliquot, "Sanctuaries and villages on Mt Hermon during the Roman period," in The Variety of Local Religious Life in the Near East in the Hellenistic and Roman Periods. Ed. by T. Kaizer. (Leiden, Brill, 2008) (Religions in the Graeco-Roman World, 164.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Mount Hermon

  Results from FactBites:
 
Mount Hermon - definition of Mount Hermon in Encyclopedia (579 words)
Mount Hermon (Arabic: Jabalu sh-Shaykh) is a mountain in the Anti-Lebanon range, on the border between Lebanon and Syria.
Mount Hermon is called the "gray-haired mountain," or the "mountain of snow," because of the covering of snow, which is present on it most of the year.
Mount Hermon was a possible site of the Transfiguration, where Jesus took three of His disciples, Peter, James, and John, up on a high mountain for prayer.
CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Hermon (541 words)
In the Talmud and in the Targums Hermon is designated the "mountain of snow", and the same appellation is used by the old Arab geographers.
On the summit of one of the peaks is to be seen an extensive mass of ruins, probably the remains of an early pagan sanctuary dedicated to Baal, whence the designation Baal-Hermon, applied to the mountain in two Biblical passages (Judges 3:3; 1 Chronicles 5:23).
Some scholars think it probable that Hermon is the "high mountain" near Caesarea Philippi which was the scene of the Transfiguration (Matthew 17:1; Mark 9) and which by Luke, ix, 28, is called simply "a mountain".
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m