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Encyclopedia > Mount Cameroon
Mount Cameroon

Craters left after the eruptions in 2000
Elevation 4,095 m (13,435 ft)
Location Southwest Province, Cameroon
Prominence 3,961 m (12,995 ft)
Coordinates 4°12′N 9°11′E
Type stratovolcano
Last eruption 2000
First ascent Joseph Merrick, 1840s[1]
Easiest route scramble

Mount Cameroon, also known as Cameroon Mountain or Fako (the name of the higher of its two peaks) or by its native name Mongo ma Ndemi ("Mountain of Greatness"), is an active volcano in Cameroon, near the Gulf of Guinea. It is part of the area of volcanic activity known as the Cameroon Volcanic Line, which also includes Lake Nyos, the site of the 1986 Lake Nyos tragedy. The most recent eruptions occurred on March 28, 1999 and May 28, 2000. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1000x667, 657 KB) Volcanic craters on Mount Cameroon. ... A topographical summit is a point on a surface which is higher in elevation than all points immediately adjacent to it. ... link titleSouthwest Province is a province of Cameroon. ... In topography, prominence, also known as autonomous height, relative height or shoulder drop (in America) or prime factor (in Europe), is a concept used in the categorization of hills and mountains, also known as peaks. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... Mountains can be characterized in several ways. ... Stratovolcano Mount St. ... For other uses, see Volcano (disambiguation). ... In climbing, a first ascent (FA) is the first climb to reach the top of a mountain, or the first to follow a particular climbing route. ... Joseph Merrick at an Isubu funeral in Bimbia, 1845 Joseph Merrick (August 1808–22 October 1849) was a Jamaican[1] Baptist missionary who established the first successful mission on the Cameroon coast of Africa. ... Southern and northern Mount Everest climbing routes as seen from the International Space Station. ... Scrambling on Crib Goch, Snowdonia, Wales Scrambling is a method of ascending rocky faces and ridges. ... For other uses, see Volcano (disambiguation). ... The Gulf of Guinea is the part of the Atlantic southwest of Africa. ... Map of the Gulf of Guinea, showing the chain of islands formed by the Cameroon line of volcanoes. ... Lake Nyos is a crater lake in the Northwest Province of Cameroon, located at . ... 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Lake Nyos. ... March 28 is the 87th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (88th in leap years). ... 1999 (MCMXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday, and was designated the International Year of Older Persons by the United Nations. ... May 28 is the 148th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (149th in leap years). ... 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Mount Cameroon is one of Africa's largest volcanoes, rising to 4,095 metres (13,430 ft) above the coast of west Cameroon. It rises from the coast through tropical rainforest to a bare summit which is cold, windy, and occasionally brushed with snow. The massive steep-sided volcano of dominantly basaltic-to-trachybasaltic composition forms a volcanic horst constructed above a basement of Precambrian metamorphic rocks covered with Cretaceous to Quaternary sediments. More than 100 small cinder cones, often fissure-controlled parallel to the long axis of the massive 1400 km³ (336 mi³) volcano, occur on the flanks and surrounding lowlands. A large satellitic peak, Etinde (also known as Little Cameroon), is located on the southern flank near the coast. Mount Cameroon has the most frequent eruptions of any West African volcanoes. The first written accounts of volcanic activity could be the one from the Carthaginian Hanno the Navigator, who might have observed the mountain in the 5th century BC. Moderate explosive and effusive eruptions have occurred throughout history from both summit and flank vents. A 1922 eruption on the southwestern flank produced a lava flow that reached the Atlantic coast, and a lava flow from a 1999 south-flank eruption stopped only 200 m from the sea. A world map showing the continent of Africa Africa is the worlds second-largest and second most-populous continent, after Asia. ... The metre, or meter (U.S.), is a measure of length. ... This article is about the rainforest in general. ... The Precambrian (or Pre-Cambrian) is an informal name for the eons of the geologic timescale that came before the current Phanerozoic eon. ... The term Metamorphic can be associated with a number of meanings:- Metamorphic rock The term for rocks that have been transformed by extreme heat and pressure. ... The Cretaceous Period is one of the major divisions of the geologic timescale, reaching from the end of the Jurassic Period (i. ... For other uses, see Quaternary (disambiguation). ... Carthage (Greek: , from the Phoenician Kart-hadasht meaning new town, Arabic: ‎, Latin: ) refers both to an ancient city in North Africa located in modern day Tunis and to the civilization that developed within the citys sphere of influence. ... Hanno the Navigator was a Carthaginian explorer, sent out with a fleet and many thousands of colonists, who founded or repopulated seven Carthaginian cities on the Atlantic shore of Morocco and explored the Atlantic coast of Africa, apparently deep into the Gulf of Guinea. ... Year 1922 (MCMXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar). ... The Atlantic Ocean is Earths second-largest ocean, covering approximately one_fifth of its surface. ... 1999 (MCMXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday, and was designated the International Year of Older Persons by the United Nations. ...

The peak can be reached by hikers, while the annual Mount Cameroon Race of Hope scales the peak in around 4½ hours. Many beautiful natural scenes are only accessible if one is willing to hike to get to them. ... The Mount Cameroon Race of Hope is an annual, televised footrace held at Mount Cameroon in the Southwest Province of Cameroon. ...

English explorer Mary Kingsley, one of the first Europeans to scale the mountain, recounts her expedition in her 1897 memoir Travels in West Africa. Bold textMary jone brown Kingsley (October 13, 1862 - June 3, 1900) was an English writer and explorer who greatly influenced European ideas about Africa and African people. ...



The 4,095 m elevation given here is supported by most authorities, but an elevation of 4,070 m is given by some, and SRTM and GPS evidence suggests that it could be as low as 4,040 m. The elevation is further complicated by volcanic activity. The Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) is a research effort that obtained elevation data on a near-global scale to generate the most complete high-resolution digital topographic database of Earth to date. ... Over fifty GPS satellites such as this NAVSTAR have been launched since 1978. ...


  1. ^ DeLancey and DeLancey 174. The authors do not give a precise year, but Merrick was active in Cameroon from 1844 to 1849.


External links

  • Global Volcanism Program, Cameroon
  • Mount Cameroon Research Foundation

  Results from FactBites:
Cameroon travel guide (335 words)
Cameroon is one of the most diverse countries in Africa and oft referred to as "Africa in miniature”.
Cameroon is a Central African nation on the Gulf of Guinea, bordered by Nigeria, Chad, the Central African Republic, the Republic of Congo, Equatorial Guinea, and Gabon.
Mount Cameroon (13,350 ft.; 4,069 m), near the coast, is the highest elevation in the country.
Mount Cameroon, Cameroon (887 words)
Mount Cameroon is a poorly studied stratovolcano located in the nation of Cameroon, 180 miles west of the capital of Yaounde.
Cameroon was the site of one of the earliest recorded volcanic eruptions--in the 5th century BC--observed by a Cathaginian ship captain while sailing down the Atlantic Coast of Africa.
Cameroon is located on a seismic fault line that crosses the country of Cameroon.
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