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Encyclopedia > Mount Baker
Mount Baker

Mount Baker and Boulder Glacier from the southeast
Elevation 3,286 m (10,781 ft)
Location Washington State, USA
Range Cascade Range
Prominence 2,706 m (8,878 ft)
Coordinates 48°46′38″N, 121°48′48″W
Topo map USGS Mount Baker
Type Stratovolcano
Volcanic arc/belt Cascade Volcanic Arc
Age of rock < 30,000 yr
Last eruption 1880
First ascent 1868 by Edmund T. Coleman and party
Easiest route rock/ice climb

Mount Baker (elevation 10,778 feet, 3,285 m) is a glaciated andesitic stratovolcano in the Cascade Volcanic Arc and the Cascades of Washington State in the United States about 30 miles (50km) due east of the city of Bellingham, Whatcom County. It is also easily visible from much of Greater Victoria, Greater Vancouver and the Fraser Valley just across the Canadian border to the north, and especially from the communities of Mission and Abbotsford, both about 45 kilometres (28 miles) east of Vancouver, BC—as well as from some locations in Everett and even Seattle to the southwest. Local Native Americans call the mountain "Koma Kulshan," but the explorer George Vancouver named the mountain for 3rd Lieutenant Joseph Baker of the HMS Discovery, who on April 30, 1792 became the first European to see it. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 686 KB) Summary Boulder Glacier Description: Boulder Glacier with the Sherman (left) and Grant (right) Peaks of Mount Baker behind. ... A topographical summit is a point on a surface which is higher in elevation than all points immediately adjacent to it. ... The or meter (see spelling differences) is a measure of length. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... Official language(s) English Capital Olympia Largest city Seattle Area  Ranked 18th  - Total 71,342 sq mi (184,827 km²)  - Width 240 miles (385 km)  - Length 360 miles (580 km)  - % water 6. ... The Himalaya as seen from the International Space Station A mountain range is a group of mountains bordered by lowlands or separated from other mountain ranges by passes or rivers. ... Mount Jefferson in Oregon. ... In topography, prominence, also known as autonomous height, relative height or shoulder drop (in America) or prime factor (in Europe), is a concept used in the categorization of hills and mountains, also known as peaks. ... The or meter (see spelling differences) is a measure of length. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... Example of a topographic map with contour lines Part of the same map in a perspective shaded relief view illustrates how the contour lines of the original follow the terrain Topographic maps are a variety of map characterized by large-scale detail and quantitative representation of relief, usually using contour... InsertSLUTTY WHORES≤ non-formatted text here{| class=toccolours border=1 cellpadding=4 style=float: right; margin: 0 0 1em 1em; width: 20em; border-collapse: collapse; font-size: 95%; clear: right; |+ United States Geological Survey |- |style= align=center colspan=2| [[Image:USGS logo. ... Mountains can be characterized in several ways. ... A cutaway diagram of a stratovolcano Mount Damavand, a stratovolcano in Māzandarān, Iran Mount St. ... Mariana Islands, an oceanic island arc Cascade Volcanic Arc, a continental volcanic arc A volcanic arc is a chain of volcanic islands or mountains formed by plate tectonics as an oceanic tectonic plate subducts under another tectonic plate and produces magma. ... A volcanic belt is a district of volcanoes, located in a certain area. ... There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ... // For other uses, see time scale. ... For other uses, see Volcano (disambiguation). ... Year 1880 (MDCCCLXXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar). ... In climbing, a first ascent (FA) is the first climb to reach the top of a mountain, or the first to follow a particular climbing route. ... 1868 (MDCCCLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a leap year starting on Friday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ... Southern and northern Mount Everest climbing routes as seen from the International Space Station. ... A sample of andesite (dark groundmass) with amygdaloidal vesicules filled with zeolite. ... A cutaway diagram of a stratovolcano Mount Damavand, a stratovolcano in Māzandarān, Iran Mount St. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Mount Jefferson in Oregon. ... Official language(s) English Capital Olympia Largest city Seattle Area  Ranked 18th  - Total 71,342 sq mi (184,827 km²)  - Width 240 miles (385 km)  - Length 360 miles (580 km)  - % water 6. ... Bellingham, Washington is the county seat of Whatcom County in the U.S. state of Washington. ... Whatcom County (IPA: ) is a county located in the U.S. state of Washington. ... Greater Victoria (also known as the Greater Victoria Region) is located in British Columbia, Canada, on the southern tip of Vancouver Island. ... Motto: Building a sustainable region Area: 2,878. ... Fraser Valley is the section of the Fraser River basin in southwestern British Columbia downstream of the Fraser Canyon. ... Mission is a Canadian district municipality, in the province of British Columbia and is situated on the north bank of the Fraser River, overlooking the Fraser Valley. ... Partial skyline of Abbotsford as viewed from Mill Lake. ... This article refers to the city in British Columbia, Canada. ... Everett may refer to the following places: Everett, Washington, about 100,000 inhabitants Naval Station Everett Everett, Massachusetts, about 38,000 inhabitants Everett, Pennsylvania, about 2,000 inhabitants Everett Township, Michigan, about 2,000 inhabitants Everett, Ontario, Canada, about 800 inhabitants The Everett Range, Antarctica, no inhabitants Everett is also... City nickname Emerald City City bird Great Blue Heron City flower Dahlia City mottos The City of Flowers The City of Goodwill City song Seattle, the Peerless City Mayor Greg Nickels County King County Area   - Total   - Land   - Water   - % water 369. ... Joseph Baker (1767- 1817) was an officer in the British Royal Navy, best known for his role in the mapping of the Pacific Northwest Coast of America. ... HMS Discovery was a Royal Navy ship in which George Vancouver explored the west coast of North America in his 1791-1795 expedition. ... April 30 is the 120th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (121st in leap years), with 245 days remaining. ... 1792 was a leap year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ...


After Mount Rainier, Baker is the most heavily glaciated of the Cascade volcanoes: the volume of snow and ice on Mount Baker (0.43 cubic miles, 1.8 cubic kilometers) is greater than that of all the other Cascades volcanoes (except Rainier) combined. It is also one of the snowiest places in the world: in 1999, Mount Baker Ski Area, located on a subsidiary peak, set the world record for snowfall in a single season. (1,140 inches/95 feet/2,896 cm) [1]. Mount Rainier is a stratovolcano in Pierce County, Washington, located 54 miles (87 km) southeast of Seattle, Washington, in the United States. ... A glacier is a large, persistent body of ice, formed largely of compacted layers of snow, that slowly deforms and flows in response to gravity. ...

Contents

Geology

The present-day cone of Mount Baker is relatively young, perhaps less than 30,000 years old, but it sits atop a similar older volcanic cone called Black Buttes Volcano which was active between 500,000 and 300,000 years ago. Much of Mount Baker's earlier geological record was eroded away during the last ice age (which culminated 15,000-20,000 years ago), by thick ice sheets that filled the valleys and covered much of the region. In the last 14,000 years, the area around the mountain has been largely ice free, but the mountain itself remains heavily mantled with snow and ice. This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ...


Isolated ridges of lava and hydrothermally altered rock, especially in the area of Sherman Crater, are exposed between glaciers on the upper flanks of the volcano: the lower flanks are steep and heavily vegetated. The volcano rests on a foundation of non-volcanic rocks in a region that is largely non-volcanic in origin.


Deposits which record the last 14,000 years at Mount Baker indicate that Mount Baker has not had highly explosive eruptions like those of Mount St. Helens, Mount Meager or Glacier Peak, nor has it erupted frequently. During this period only four episodes of magmatic eruptive activity can be definitively recognized. Magmatic eruptions have produced tephra, pyroclastic flows, and lava flows from summit vents and from the Schriebers Meadow cinder cone. However, the most destructive and most frequent events at Mount Baker have been debris flows and debris avalanches, many, if not most, of which were not related to magmatic activity but may have been induced by steam emissions, earthquakes, heavy rainfall, or in some other way. For the mountain in California see Mount Saint Helena. Mount St. ... Mount Meager is a dormant stratovolcano with at least 8 vents, located 150 km north of Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. ... Glacier Peak is the most remote of the five active volcanoes in Washington. ...

Park and Rainbow Glaciers on the northeast flank
Park and Rainbow Glaciers on the northeast flank

Historical activity at Mount Baker includes several explosions during the mid-19th century, which were witnessed from the Bellingham area, and numerous small-volume debris avalanches since the late 1950s. In 1975, increased fumarolic activity in the Sherman Crater area caused concern that an eruption might be imminent. Additional monitoring equipment was installed and several geophysical surveys were conducted to try to detect the movement of magma. The level of Baker Lake was lowered and people were restricted from the area due to concerns that an eruption-induced debris avalanche or debris flow might enter Baker Lake and displace enough water to either cause a wave to overtop the Upper Baker Dam or cause complete failure of the dam. However, few anomalies other than the increased heat flow were recorded during the geophysical surveys, nor were any other precursory activities observed to indicate that magma was moving up into the volcano. An increased level of fumarolic activity has continued at Mount Baker from 1975 to the present, but there are no other changes that suggest that magma movement is involved. Mount Baker, Washington, USA. I took this photo on 9/9/2001. ... Mount Baker, Washington, USA. I took this photo on 9/9/2001. ... Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century &#8212; 19th century &#8212; 20th century &#8212; more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... This does not cite any references or sources. ... 1975 (MCMLXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday. ...

Easton Glacier (on the south flank) in 2003. The superimposed black line marks how far the glacier was in 1985.
Easton Glacier (on the south flank) in 2003. The superimposed black line marks how far the glacier was in 1985.

There are 10 main glaciers on the mountain. All retreated during the first half of the century, advanced from 1950-1975 and have been retreating increasingly rapidly since 1980 [2]. The Coleman Glacier is the largest with a surface area of 5.2 km² (Post et al., 1971). The other large glaciers, with areas greater than 2.5 km², are Roosevelt, Mazama, Park, Boulder, Easton and Deming Glaciers. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2048x1536, 745 KB) Summary M.Pelto, Easton Glacier, North Cascade Glacier climate project www. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2048x1536, 745 KB) Summary M.Pelto, Easton Glacier, North Cascade Glacier climate project www. ... Grinnell Glacier in Glacier National Park (US) showing recession since 1850 of 1. ... View from the southeast with the Sherman (left) and Grant (right) summits of Mount Baker behind Boulder Glacier is located on the southeast slope of Mount Baker, a stratovolcano near the Pacific coast of North America in the Cascade Range of Washington. ...


U.S. Navy

Two ammunition ships of the United States Navy (traditionally named for volcanoes) have been named after the mountain. The first was USS Mount Baker (AE-4), in commission from 1941 to 1947 and again from 1951 to 1969. In 1972, the Navy commissioned USS Mount Baker (AE-34). It was decommissioned in 1996 and placed in service with the Military Sealift Command as USNS Mount Baker (T-AE-34). USNS Kilauea (T-AE 26), a typical contemporary ammunition ship An ammunition ship is a warship specially configured to carry ammunition, usually for Navy ships and aircraft. ... The United States Navy, also known as the USN or the U.S. Navy, is a branch of the United States armed forces responsible for conducting naval operations. ... USS Kilauea (AE‑4) was acquired by the Navy 14 November 1940 while building by Tampa Shipbuilding Co. ... For the movie, see 1941 (film). ... 1947 (MCMXLVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1947 calendar). ... 1951 (MCMLI) was a common year starting on Monday; see its calendar. ... For the Stargate SG-1 episode, see 1969 (Stargate SG-1). ... 1972 (MCMLXXII) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ... USNS Mount Baker (T-AE-34) is the seventh of eight Kilauea class ammunition ships, currently in service with the Military Sealift Command. ... 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year for the Eradication of Poverty. ... The Military Sealift Command (MSC) is a United States Navy (USN) organization that controls most of the replenishment and military transport ships of the Navy. ...

Roosevelt Glacier descends from the summit ice cap in a spectacular icefall on the north side of Mount Baker
Roosevelt Glacier descends from the summit ice cap in a spectacular icefall on the north side of Mount Baker

Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 469 KB) Summary Roosevelt Glacier Description: Icefall on the Roosevelt Glacier on the north face of Mount Baker, 10781 feet. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 469 KB) Summary Roosevelt Glacier Description: Icefall on the Roosevelt Glacier on the north face of Mount Baker, 10781 feet. ...

See also

There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ... Mount Jefferson in Oregon. ... Mount Baker Wilderness in northern Washington, USA, contains 117,500 acres (475 km²). Its eastern border is shared with the boundary of the North Cascades National Park for a distance of 40 miles (65 kilometers). ... A view of Mt. ...

References

  • Post, A.; D. Richardson, W.V. Tangborn, and F.L. Rosselot (1971). "Inventory of glaciers in the North Cascades, Washington". USGS Prof. Paper 705-A: A1-A26. 
  • Pelto, M.; C. Hedlund (2001). "Terminus behavior and response time of North Cascade glaciers, Washington, U.S.A.". Journal of Glaciology 47 (158): 496-506. 
  • Beckey, Fred (1995). Cascade Alpine Guide: Climbing and High Routes : Rainy Pass to Fraser River. Mountaineers Books; 2nd edition. ISBN 0-89886-423-2. 

Fred Beckey (born Friedrich Wolfgang Beckey in 1923) is a legendary American mountaineer, who has made hundreds of first ascents, more than any other North American climber ever. ... The Cascade Alpine Guide(s) are a series of three climbing guides written by Fred Beckey, longtime explorer and climber of the Cascade Mountains in Washington State and British Columbia. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ...

External links and sources

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Mount Baker
Mount Baker, as seen from White Rock, British Columbia.
Mount Baker, as seen from White Rock, British Columbia.
  • Smithsonian Institution Global Volcanism Program: Mount Baker
  • Mount Baker Volcano Observatory
  • Mount Baker on TierraWiki.org
  • Global Volcanism Program
  • CVO Menu - Mt. Baker
  • CVO Description - Mt. Baker
  • Terminus behavior of Mount Baker Glaciers
  • Mount Baker Ski Area Web site
  • Mount Baker Scenic Byway Resources
  • USGS: Mount Baker-Living with an Active Volcano
  • Mount Baker at Peakware.com
  • Mount Baker on Bivouac.com
  • Mount Baker on SkiMountaineer.com
  • Mount Baker on SummitPost.org
  • Maps and aerial photos
    • WikiSatellite view at WikiMapia
    • Topographic map from TopoZone
    • Aerial image from TerraServer-USA
    • Surrounding area map from Google Maps
    • Location in the United States from the Census Bureau
    • Nearby hiking trails on Hikipedia

Mount Baker travel guide from Wikitravel Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... The Wikimedia Commons (also called Wikicommons) is a repository of free content images, sound and other multimedia files. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (2272x1704, 2425 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Mount Baker White Rock, British Columbia User:Buchanan-Hermit/photographs/whiterock ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (2272x1704, 2425 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Mount Baker White Rock, British Columbia User:Buchanan-Hermit/photographs/whiterock ... White Rock sunset White Rock Beach with the famous pier With a population of 19,735, White Rock is located in the southwest corner of the Lower Mainland of British Columbia, Canada, forty-five kilometers from Vancouver and is flanked on the south by the Canada/US border and Blaine... Wikitravel is a project to create an open content, complete, up-to-date, and reliable world-wide travel guide. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
CVO Website - Mount Baker Volcano, Washington (0 words)
After Mount Rainier, it is the most heavily glaciated of the Cascade volcanoes: the volume of snow and ice on Mount Baker (about 1.8 cubic kilometers; 0.43 cubic miles) is greater than that of all the other Cascades volcanoes (except Rainier) combined.
USGS Research in the last decade shows Mount Baker to be the youngest of several volcanic centers in the area and one of the youngest volcanoes in the Cascade Range.
Mount Baker is drained on the north by streams flowing into the North Fork Nooksack River, on the west by the Middle Fork Nooksack River, and on the southeast and east by tributaries of the Baker River, which empties into the Skagit River about 14 kilometers southeast of Mount Baker.
Seattle Parks and Recreation: Boating - Mt. Baker Rowing & Sailing Center (0 words)
Mount Baker Rowing and Sailing Center is located on Lake Washington at Stan Sayres Park, about midway between Seward Park and the I-90 floating bridge in south east Seattle.
The regatta, begun in 1990 and is a 1500 meter course.
The official christening was on June 15, 1985 and the facility was named "Mount Baker Rowing and Sailing Center." The first project of the new advisory council was assisting in the planning and operation of the christening ceremony.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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