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Encyclopedia > Motown
Motown Records
Parent company
Universal Music Group
Founded 1959
Founder(s) Berry Gordy, Jr.
Distributing label Universal Motown Records Group (U.S.)
Genre(s) R&B/soul, Pop Music, Hip hop
Country United States
Web address http://www.motown.com/

Motown Records, Inc., also known as Tamla-Motown outside of the United States, is a record label originally based out of Detroit, Michigan ("Motor City"), where it achieved widespread international success, and played an important role in the integration of popular music. Image File history File links Newmotownlogo. ... Universal Music Group (UMG), formerly MCA Music Entertainment (see Music Corporation of America), is the largest major label in the record industry. ... 1959 (MCMLIX) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Berry Gordy, Jr. ... The Universal Motown Records Group is a division of the Universal Music Group, a collection of several record labels: Universal Records Universal South Records Blackground Records Motown Records Republic Records Cash Money Records Bad Boy Records Casablanca Records Street Records Corporation External link Universal Motown Home Page See also List... Motto: E pluribus unum (1789 to 1956) (Latin: Out of Many, One) In God We Trust (1956 to present) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York, New York Official language(s) None at federal level; English de facto Government • President  â€¢ Vice President Federal republic... Rhythm and blues (or R & B) is a musical marketing term introduced in the United States in the late 1940s by Billboard magazine. ... Soul Music is the sixteenth Discworld novel by Terry Pratchett, published in 1994. ... For the 1979 song by M, see Pop Muzik. ... Hip hop music (also referred to as rap or rap music) is a style of popular music. ... A record label is a brand created by companies that specialize in producing, manufacturing, distributing and promoting audio and sometimes video recordings (especially music videos), on various formats including compact discs, LPs, DVD-Audio, SACDs, and cassettes. ... Motto: Speramus Meliora; Resurget Cineribus (We Hope For Better Things; It Shall Rise From the Ashes - this motto was adopted after the disastrous 1805 fire that devastated the city) Nickname: The Motor City and Motown Location in Wayne County, Michigan Founded Incorporated July 24, 1701 1815  County Wayne County Mayor... Official language(s) English de-facto Capital Lansing Largest city Detroit Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 11th 96,716 mi² 250,494 km² 239 miles 385 km 491 miles 790 km 41. ... Popular music is music belonging to any of a number of musical styles that are accessible to the general public and mostly distributed commercially. ...


Incorporated on January 12, 1959 by Berry Gordy, Jr. as Tamla Records, Motown has, over the course of its history, owned or distributed releases from more than 45 subsidiaries in varying genres, although it is most famous for its releases in the musical genres of R&B, pop, and soul music. Motown left Detroit for Los Angeles, California in 1972, and remained an independent company until 1988, when Gordy sold the company to MCA. Now headquartered in New York City, Motown Records is today a subsidiary of the Universal Motown Records Group, itself a subsidiary of Universal Music Group. January 12 is the 12th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1959 (MCMLIX) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... After his return from Korea in 1953, he married Thelma Coleman. ... Musical genres are categories which contain music which share a certain style or which have certain elements in common. ... Rhythm and blues (or R & B) is a musical marketing term introduced in the United States in the late 1940s by Billboard magazine. ... For the 1979 song by M, see Pop Muzik. ... Soul Music is the sixteenth Discworld novel by Terry Pratchett, published in 1994. ... Nickname: City of Angels Official website: http://www. ... 1972 (MCMLXXII) was a leap year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1972 calendar). ... 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Music Corporation of America, legally incorporated as MCA, Inc. ... Nickname: The Big Apple Motto: Official website: City of New York Location [[Image:|250px|250px|Location of City of New York, New York]] Location in the state of New York Government Counties (Boroughs) Bronx (The Bronx) New York (Manhattan) Queens (Queens) Kings (Brooklyn) Richmond (Staten Island) Mayor Michael Bloomberg (R... The Universal Motown Records Group is a division of the Universal Music Group, a collection of several record labels: Universal Records Universal South Records Blackground Records Motown Records Republic Records Cash Money Records Bad Boy Records Casablanca Records Street Records Corporation External link Universal Motown Home Page See also List... Universal Music Group (UMG), formerly MCA Music Entertainment (see Music Corporation of America), is the largest major label in the record industry. ...


In the 1960s, Motown and its soul-based subsidiaries were the most successful proponents of what came to be known as The Motown Sound, a style of soul music with distinctive characteristics, including the use of tambourine along with drums, bass instrumentation, a distinctive melodical and chord structure, and a call and response singing style originating in gospel music. The 1960s decade refers to the years from 1960 to 1969, inclusive. ... Motown, also known as Tamla-Motown outside the U.S., is a record label founded on December 14, 1959 by Berry Gordy, Jr. ... Soul Music is the sixteenth Discworld novel by Terry Pratchett, published in 1994. ... This article is about musical instrument. ... For other kinds of drums, see drum (disambiguation). ... Bass (IPA: [], rhyming with face), when used as an adjective, describes tones of low frequency. ... Look up melody in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... It has been suggested that Chord symbol be merged into this article or section. ... In music, a call and response is a succession of two distinct phrases usually played by different musicians, where the second phrase is heard as a direct commentary on or response to the first. ... Gospel music may refer either to the religious music that first came out of African-American churches in the 1930s or, more loosely, to both black gospel music and to the religious music composed and sung by white southern Christian artists. ...

Contents


History

Hitsville USA, as seen in The Temptations (1998). The look of the building has been preserved from the classic Motown era, and the building now houses the Motown Museum.
Hitsville USA, as seen in The Temptations (1998). The look of the building has been preserved from the classic Motown era, and the building now houses the Motown Museum.

Berry Gordy, Jr. got his start as a songwriter for local Detroit acts such as Jackie Wilson and the Matadors. In 1959, he started his own record label, Tamla Records; his first signed act was The Matadors, who changed their name to The Miracles. Miracles lead singer Smokey Robinson became the vice president of the company, and many of Gordy's family members, including his sister Gwen and his father Berry Sr., had instrumental roles in the company. A screenshot from The Temptations, showing the actual Hitsville U.S.A. building This is a screenshot of a copyrighted movie or television program. ... A screenshot from The Temptations, showing the actual Hitsville U.S.A. building This is a screenshot of a copyrighted movie or television program. ... Hitsville U.S.A. was the nickname given to Motown Records first headquarters. ... The closing dream-sequence performance of My Girl from The Temptations. ... 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean. ... Jackie Wilson Jack Leroy Jackie Wilson (June 9, 1934–January 21, 1984) was an American soul and R&B singer born in Detroit, Michigan, where he became active in the music business. ... 1959 (MCMLIX) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The most familiar incarnation of The Miracles. ... William Smokey Robinson, Jr. ...


Also in 1959, Gordy purchased the property that would become Motown's Hitsville U.S.A. studio. The photography studio located in the back of the property was modified into a small recording studio and the Gordys moved into the second floor living quarters. Within a few years Motown would occupy several neighboring houses with administrative offices, mixing, mastering and rehearsal studios. Hitsville U.S.A, as seen in The Temptations (1998). ...


Among Motown's early artists were Mabel John, Mary Wells, and Barrett Strong. The label's first hit was Barrett Strong's "Money (That's What I Want)" (1959), which made it to #2 on the Billboard R&B charts; its first #1 R&B hit was "Shop Around" by the Miracles in 1960. A year later, The Marvelettes scored the label's first US #1 pop hit, "Please Mr. Postman." By the mid-1960s, the label, with the help of songwriters and producers such as Robinson and Holland-Dozier-Holland, was a major force in the music industry. Mable John (born 1930) was a blues vocalist who was the first female signed by Berry Gordy to Motowns Tamla label. ... Mary Esther Wells (May 13, 1943–July 26, 1992) was an American soul and R&B singer. ... Barrett Strong (born February 5, 1941 in West Point, Mississippi) is an African-American singer and songwriter. ... Money (Thats What I Want) is a 1959 hit single by Barrett Strong for the Tamla label, distributed by Anna Records. ... 1959 (MCMLIX) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... An example of a Billboard Magazine. ... Shop Around is a 1960 single by The Miracles (credited as The Miracles featuring Bill Smokey Robinson) for the Tamla (Motown) label. ... 1960 (MCMLX) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... The Marvelettes in the early 1960s. ... Please Mr. ... Holland-Dozier-Holland was a songwriting and production team consisting of Lamont Dozier and brothers Brian Holland and Edward Holland, Jr. ...


In the 1960s (from 1961 to 1971), Motown had 110 Top 10 hits and artists such as Stevie Wonder, Marvin Gaye, Diana Ross & The Supremes, The Temptations, The Four Tops, The Jackson 5, and Gladys Knight & the Pips were all signed to Motown Records. By the late 1960s the label was billing itself as "The Sound of Young America", with its acts enjoying widespread popularity among black and white audiences alike. 1961 (MCMLXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1971 (MCMLXXI) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1971 calendar). ... Top Ten is a generic term used to indicate the ten items that are best, worst, or otherwise notable according to some criteria. ... Stevie Wonder (born May 13, 1950) is an African-American singer, songwriter, producer, musician, humanitarian and social activist. ... Marvin Gaye (born Marvin Pentz Gay, Jr. ... This article is about the American musician. ... The Supremes were a very successful Motown all-female singing group active from 1959 until 1977, performing at various times doo-wop, pop, soul, Broadway showtunes, psychedelia, and disco. ... The Temptations (also abbreviated as The Tempts or The Temps) are an American Motown singing group whose repertoire has included doo-wop, soul, psychedelia, funk, disco, R&B, and adult contemporary. ... The Four Tops circa 1966. ... The Jackson 5 (also spelled The Jackson Five or The Jackson 5ive, abbreviated as J5, and later known simply as The Jacksons) were an American popular music quintet from Gary, Indiana. ... The Pips redirects here. ...


After Holland-Dozier-Holland left the label in 1967 over royalty payment disputes, the quality of the Motown output began to decline, as well as the frequency with which its artists scored #1 hits. Even so, Motown still boasted a roster of successful artists during the 1970s and 1980s, including Lionel Richie and The Commodores, Rick James, Teena Marie and DeBarge. Motown relocated from Detroit to Los Angeles in 1972 and attempted to branch out into the motion picture industry, turning out films such as Lady Sings the Blues, Mahogany, The Wiz, Thank God It's Friday and The Last Dragon. 1967 (MCMLXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The 1970s decade refers to the years from 1970 to 1979, inclusive. ... The 1980s decade refers to the years from 1980 to 1989, inclusive. ... Lionel Richie Lionel Brockman Richie, Jr. ... The Commodores was a highly successful soul/funk band in the 1970s. ... Rick James (born James Ambrose Johnson, Jr; February 1, 1948 – August 6, 2004) was an American funk and soul musician, who worked as a singer, keyboardist, bassist, record producer, arranger, and composer during his long career. ... Teena Marie from the album cover of 1980s Lady T Teena Marie (born Mary Christine Brockert on March 5, 1956) is an R&B singer/songwriter/producer. ... DeBarge DeBarge was an American singing group that specialized in R&B and soul music. ... This article is about the largest city in California. ... 1972 (MCMLXXII) was a leap year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1972 calendar). ... For other uses see film (disambiguation) Film refers to the celluliod media on which movies are printed Film — also called movies, the cinema, the silver screen, moving pictures, photoplays, picture shows, flicks, or motion pictures, — is a field that encompasses motion pictures as an art form or as part of... Lady Sings the Blues is a 1972 biographical film which tells the story of blues singer Billie Holliday. ... Mahogany is a 1975 feature film, directed by Berry Gordy, produced by Motown Productions and released to theaters by Paramount Pictures. ... The Wiz is both a 1975 Broadway musical and a 1978 film urbanized adaptation of The Wonderful Wizard of Oz by L. Frank Baum, featuring an all-African-American/Latino cast. ... Thank God Its Friday is a 1978 film directed by Robert Klane. ... Berry Gordys The Last Dragon is a 1985 martial arts parody film featuring a predominately African-American cast. ...


Berry Gordy sold his ownership in Motown to MCA and Boston Ventures in June 1988 for $61 million. Today a subsidiary of Universal Music, Motown is still active as a record label, and has been home to artists such as Boyz II Men, Brian McKnight, Erykah Badu, Johnny Gill (ex-New Edition) and India.Arie. Stevie Wonder is still signed to Motown to this day, making him the only act from the "classic years" still on the label. The Music Corporation of America, legally incorporated as MCA, Inc. ... 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Universal Music Group (UMG) is the largest major label in the record industry, with a 23% market share. ... Boyz II Men is an American R&B/soul singing group from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. ... Brian McKnight (born June 5, 1969 in Buffalo, New York) is an African-American singer, songwriter, arranger, and producer, specializing in pop and R&B. He is a multi-instrumentalist and plays the piano, guitar, and trumpet. ... Erykah Badu Erykah Badu (born Erica Abi Wright on February 26, 1971 in Dallas, Texas) is an American R&B/hip hop artist whose work crosses over into jazz. ... Johnny Gill on the cover of his self-titled 1990 album Johnny Gill (born May 22, 1966 in Washington, D.C.) is an R&B singer known for his emphatic growl and soaring falsetto. ... New Edition is an American R&B group formed in Boston, Massachusetts in 1980, that was most popular during the 1980s. ... India. ... Stevie Wonder (born May 13, 1950) is an African-American singer, songwriter, producer, musician, humanitarian and social activist. ...

A posed photograph from Motown's landmark 1965 tour of the United Kingdom. Third from left is Florence Ballard of The Supremes; to her left are her bandmates Diana Ross, Mary Wilson, Miracles member Bobby Rogers, Martha Reeves of Martha & the Vandellas, Ronnie White of The Miracles, Motown chief Berry Gordy, Jr., Vandellas Rosalind Ashford and Gloria Willaimson, and, holding up the sign directly above the "UK", Miracles lead singer Smokey Robinson.
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A posed photograph from Motown's landmark 1965 tour of the United Kingdom. Third from left is Florence Ballard of The Supremes; to her left are her bandmates Diana Ross, Mary Wilson, Miracles member Bobby Rogers, Martha Reeves of Martha & the Vandellas, Ronnie White of The Miracles, Motown chief Berry Gordy, Jr., Vandellas Rosalind Ashford and Gloria Willaimson, and, holding up the sign directly above the "UK", Miracles lead singer Smokey Robinson.

Download high resolution version (960x540, 133 KB)Much of the staff at Motown, from Standing in the Shadows of Motown. ... Download high resolution version (960x540, 133 KB)Much of the staff at Motown, from Standing in the Shadows of Motown. ... 1965 (MCMLXV) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1965 calendar). ... Album cover showing Florence Ballard (left), with The Supremes - Mary Wilson and Diana Ross Florence Flo Ballard (June 30, 1943 - February 22, 1976) was an African American singer, born and raised in Detroit, Michigan. ... The Supremes were a very successful Motown all-female singing group active from 1959 until 1977, performing at various times doo-wop, pop, soul, Broadway showtunes, psychedelia, and disco. ... This article is about the American musician. ... Album cover showing Mary Wilson (center) with The Supremes - Florence Ballard (left) and Diana Ross (right). ... The most familiar incarnation of The Miracles. ... Robert Bobby Rogers (born February 19, 1940 in Detroit, Michigan) is an African American soul singer, notable as a member of Motown group The Miracles from 1956 on. ... Martha Rose Reeves (born July 18, 1941), was the lead singer of the American Motown Records group Martha & the Vandellas. ... Martha & the Vandellas were an American Motown group of the 1960s. ... Ronald Ronnie White (April 5, 1939 - August 26, 1995) was an African American soul singer and songwriter, notable as a founding member of The Miracles, and the only member to survive all of that groups lineup changes. ... Berry Gordy, Jr. ... William Smokey Robinson, Jr. ...

Behind the scenes

Artist development

Artist development was a major part of Motown's operations. The acts on the Motown label were fastidiously groomed, dressed and choreographed for live performances. Motown artists were told that their breakthrough into the white popular music market made them ambassadors for other African-American artists seeking broad market acceptance, and that they should think, act, walk and talk like royalty, so as to alter the less-than-dignified image (commonly held by white Americans in that era) of black musicians.


Most of these same artists often went on tour together each year in a package tour called the "Motortown Revue", which was popular first on the "chitlin circuit", and later around the world. The tours gave the younger artists a chance to hone their performance skills, and also to observe the more experienced artists. The Motortown Revue was the name given to the package tours of Motown artists in the 1960s, such as The Supremes, The Temptations, The Four Tops, The Miracles, Martha & The Vandellas, etc. ... The chitlin circuit was the general name given to the string of venues throughout the easter and southern United States that catered primarily to African American audiences. ...


Production process

Motown's music was crafted with the same eye towards pop appeal. Berry Gordy used weekly quality control meetings and veto power to ensure that only the very best material and performances the company came up with would be released. The test was that every new release needed to "fit" into a sequence of the top 5 selling pop singles of the week. Many of Motown's most well known songs, such as all of the early hits for The Supremes, were written by the songwriting trio Holland-Dozier-Holland. Other important producers and songwriters at Motown's Hitsville U.S.A. recording studio and headquarters included Norman Whitfield & Barrett Strong, Nickolas Ashford & Valerie Simpson, Frank Wilson, Motown artists Smokey Robinson, Marvin Gaye and Stevie Wonder, and Gordy himself. The Supremes were a very successful Motown all-female singing group active from 1959 until 1977, performing at various times doo-wop, pop, soul, Broadway showtunes, psychedelia, and disco. ... Holland-Dozier-Holland was a songwriting and production team consisting of Lamont Dozier and brothers Brian Holland and Edward Holland, Jr. ... Hitsville U.S.A, as seen in The Temptations (1998). ... A recording studio is a facility for sound recording. ... Norman Whitfield Norman Jesse Whitfield (born in Harlem, New York in 1943) was a songwriter and producer for Berry Gordys Motown label during the 1960s. ... Barrett Strong (born February 5, 1941 in West Point, Mississippi) is an African-American singer and songwriter. ... Nickolas Ashford (born May 4, 1942, in Fairfield, South Carolina) and Valerie Simpson (born August 26, 1946 in The Bronx, New York) are a successful songwriting/production team, as well as being recording artists in their own right. ... Nickolas Ashford (born May 4, 1942, in Fairfield, South Carolina) and Valerie Simpson (born August 26, 1946 in The Bronx, New York) are a successful songwriting/ production team, as well as being recording artists in their own right. ... Frank Wilson is an African-American former songwriter and record producer for Motown Records. ... William Smokey Robinson, Jr. ... Marvin Gaye (born Marvin Pentz Gay, Jr. ... Stevie Wonder (born May 13, 1950) is an African-American singer, songwriter, producer, musician, humanitarian and social activist. ...


The many artists and producers of Motown Records collaborated to produce numerous hit songs, although the process has been described as factory-like (such as the Brill Building). The Hitsville studios remained open and active 22 hours a day, and artists would often be on tour for weeks, come back to Detroit to record as many songs as possible, and then promptly set back out on tour again. The Brill Building (1930- ) in the United States is located at 1619 Broadway, in New York City, New York, just north of Times Square. ...


The Funk Brothers

For more details on this topic, see The Funk Brothers.

In addition to the songwriting prowess of the above individuals, one of the major factors in the widespread appeal of Motown's music was Gordy's practice of using a highly select and tight-knit group of studio musicians, collectively known as "The Funk Brothers", to record the instrumental or "band" tracks of the Motown songs. Among the studio musicians responsible for the "Motown Sound" were Johnny Griffiths and Joe Hunter on piano, Joe Messina, Robert White, and Eddie Willis on guitar, Eddie "Bongo" Brown and Jack Ashford on percussion, Uriel Jones and Pete Allen on drums, and, the keys to the Motown sound, drummer Benny Benjamin, keyboardist Earl Van Dyke, and bassist James Jamerson. The band's career and work is chronicled in the 2002 documentary Standing in the Shadows of Motown. The Funk Brothers were a group of Detroit musicians who played club gigs and were the house band at Detroits Motown Records from 1959 to 1972, when the company moved to Los Angeles. ... The Funk Brothers were a group of Detroit musicians who played club gigs and were the house band at Detroits Motown Records from 1959 to 1972, when the company moved to Los Angeles. ... William Benny Benjamin (nickname: Papa Zita) was an African American musician, most notable as the main drummer for the Motown studio band known as The Funk Brothers. ... Earl Van Dyke (July 8, 1930 - September 18, 1992) was an African American musician, most notable as the main keyboardist for Motown Records in-house Funk Brothers band during the 1960s and early 1970s. ... James Jamerson (c. ... For the Cusco album, see 2002 (album). ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Standing in the Shadows of Motown is a 2002 documentary film about the story of the Funk Brothers, Motown Records primary studio band from 1959 to 1972. ...


Notable Motown singles

The classic Motown logo.
The classic Motown logo.

See also: List of Motown No. 1 singles in the United States The Motown logo This is a copyrighted and/or trademarked logo. ... The Motown logo This is a copyrighted and/or trademarked logo. ... This is a list of singles released on one of the various labels owned by Motown Records that reached #1 on the Billboard Hot 100 in the United States. ...


The following are examples of Motown singles which reached number-one on either the Billboard Hot 100 or the Billboard R&B singles chart. The Billboard Hot 100 is the United States music industry standard singles popularity chart issued weekly by Billboard magazine. ... The Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Singles & Tracks chart, formerly known as Top Soul Singles, Top Black Singles, and Top R&B Singles (before the hip-hop term was added in the late 1990s), lists the most popular songs, calculated weekly by airplay and sales, in traditionally African American venues...

Year Title Artist #1 pop #1 R&B
1960 "Shop Around" The Miracles - 1
1961 "Please Mr. Postman" The Marvelettes 1 1
1964 "My Guy" Mary Wells 1 1
1964 "Where Did Our Love Go" The Supremes 1 1
1965 "My Girl" The Temptations 1 1
1965 "I Can't Help Myself (Sugar Pie, Honey Bunch)" Four Tops 1 1
1966 "You Can't Hurry Love" The Supremes 1 1
1968 "I Heard It Through The Grapevine" Marvin Gaye 1 1
1969 "I Can't Get Next To You" The Temptations 1 1
1970 "ABC" The Jackson 5 1 1
1971 "What's Going On" Marvin Gaye - 1
1972 "Papa Was a Rollin' Stone" The Temptations 1 -
1973 "Let's Get It On" Marvin Gaye 1 1
1977 "I Wish" Stevie Wonder 1 1
1981 "Endless Love" Diana Ross & Lionel Ritchie 1 1
1985 "Rhythm of the Night" DeBarge - 1
1993 "End of the Road" Boyz II Men 1 -
1994 "I'll Make Love to You" Boyz II Men 1 1
1997 "On & On" Erykah Badu - 1
2000 "Bag Lady" Erykah Badu - 1

Shop Around is a 1960 single by The Miracles (credited as The Miracles featuring Bill Smokey Robinson) for the Tamla (Motown) label. ... The most familiar incarnation of The Miracles. ... Please Mr. ... The Marvelettes in the early 1960s. ... My Guy is a 1964 #1 hit single recorded by Mary Wells for the Motown label. ... Mary Esther Wells (May 13, 1943–July 26, 1992) was an American soul and R&B singer. ... Where Did Our Love Go is the name of a 1964 hit song recorded by The Supremes for the Motown label. ... The Supremes were a very successful Motown all-female singing group active from 1959 until 1977, performing at various times doo-wop, pop, soul, Broadway showtunes, psychedelia, and disco. ... My Girl My Girl, released December 21, 1964, is a 1965 number-one single recorded by The Temptations for the Motown label. ... The Temptations (also abbreviated as The Tempts or The Temps) are an American Motown singing group whose repertoire has included doo-wop, soul, psychedelia, funk, disco, R&B, and adult contemporary. ... I Cant Help Myself (Sugar Pie, Honey Bunch) is a 1965 hit song recorded by The Four Tops for the Motown label. ... The Four Tops are an American musical group, who helped define the Motown sound of the 1960s. ... You Cant Hurry Love is a 1966 hit song recorded by The Supremes for the Motown label. ... The Supremes were a very successful Motown all-female singing group active from 1959 until 1977, performing at various times doo-wop, pop, soul, Broadway showtunes, psychedelia, and disco. ... I Heard It Through the Grapevine is an R&B/soul song written by Motown songwriters Norman Whitfield and Barrett Strong in 1967. ... Marvin Gaye (born Marvin Pentz Gay, Jr. ... I Cant Get Next to You is a 1969 hit single for the Motown label, performed by The Temptations and produced by Norman Whitfield. ... The Temptations (also abbreviated as The Tempts or The Temps) are an American Motown singing group whose repertoire has included doo-wop, soul, psychedelia, funk, disco, R&B, and adult contemporary. ... ABC is a 1970 #1 hit single recorded by The Jackson 5 for the Motown label. ... The Jackson 5 (also spelled The Jackson Five or The Jackson 5ive, abbreviated as J5, and later known simply as The Jacksons) were an American popular music quintet from Gary, Indiana. ... Whats Going On is a 1971 hit single by Marvin Gaye for the Motown label, and the title track from his groundbreaking 1971 LP Whats Going On. ... Marvin Gaye (born Marvin Pentz Gay, Jr. ... Papa Was a Rollin Stone is a soul song, written by Motown songwriters Norman Whitfield and Barrett Strong as a single for Motown act The Undisputed Truth in 1971. ... The Temptations (also abbreviated as The Tempts or The Temps) are an American Motown singing group whose repertoire has included doo-wop, soul, psychedelia, funk, disco, R&B, and adult contemporary. ... Lets Get It On is the seminal 1973 #1 smash sung by American soul music legend Marvin Gaye. ... Marvin Gaye (born Marvin Pentz Gay, Jr. ... I Wish is a #1 hit single song by Stevie Wonder. ... Stevie Wonder (born May 13, 1950) is an African-American singer, songwriter, producer, musician, humanitarian and social activist. ... Endless Love is a song written and produced by pop singer-songwriter Lionel Richie and recorded by soul singer Diana Ross and Richie for the Motown label, as the theme for the film Endless Love starring Brooke Shields. ... This article is about the American musician. ... Lionel Brockman Richie, Jr. ... DeBarge DeBarge was an American singing group that specialized in R&B and soul music. ... End of the Road is a 1992 #1 hit recorded by Boyz II Men for the Motown label. ... Boyz II Men is an American R&B/soul singing group from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. ... Ill Make Love To You is a 1994 #1 hit single by R&B group Boyz II Men for the Motown label. ... Boyz II Men is an American R&B/soul singing group from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. ... Erykah Badu Erykah Badu (born Erica Abi Wright on February 26, 1971 in Dallas, Texas) is an American R&B/hip hop artist whose work crosses over into jazz. ... Erykah Badu Erykah Badu (born Erica Abi Wright on February 26, 1971 in Dallas, Texas) is an American R&B/hip hop artist whose work crosses over into jazz. ...

Notable Motown albums

See also: List of albums released by Motown. // This a list of albums released by Motown Records as well as subsidiaries and imprints. ...

Year Title Artist
1961 Hi, We're the Miracles The Miracles
1964 Where Did Our Love Go The Supremes
1969 Cloud Nine The Temptations
1971 What's Going On Marvin Gaye
1973 Innervisions Stevie Wonder
1973 Let's Get It On Marvin Gaye
1976 Songs in the Key of Life Stevie Wonder
1994 II Boyz II Men
1997 Baduizm Erykah Badu
1999 Back at One Brian McKnight
2000 Mama's Gun Erykah Badu

The most familiar incarnation of The Miracles. ... Where Did Our Love Go is the name of a 1964 hit song recorded by The Supremes for the Motown label. ... The Supremes were a very successful Motown all-female singing group active from 1959 until 1977, performing at various times doo-wop, pop, soul, Broadway showtunes, psychedelia, and disco. ... Cloud Nine is a 1969 album by The Temptations for the Gordy (Motown) label. ... The Temptations (also abbreviated as The Tempts or The Temps) are an American Motown singing group whose repertoire has included doo-wop, soul, psychedelia, funk, disco, R&B, and adult contemporary. ... Whats Going On is an album by American soul singer Marvin Gaye. ... Marvin Gaye (born Marvin Pentz Gay, Jr. ... Innervisions is an album by Stevie Wonder, released in 1973 (see 1973 in music). ... Stevie Wonder (born May 13, 1950) is an African-American singer, songwriter, producer, musician, humanitarian and social activist. ... Lets Get It On is a landmark soul album by Marvin Gaye, released on the Tamla (Motown) label in 1973. ... Marvin Gaye (born Marvin Pentz Gay, Jr. ... Songs in the Key of Life is a landmark album by Stevie Wonder, released on September 28, 1976 (see 1976 in music). ... Stevie Wonder (born May 13, 1950) is an African-American singer, songwriter, producer, musician, humanitarian and social activist. ... II was the second album by vocal quintet Boyz II Men released in 1994. ... Boyz II Men is an American R&B/soul singing group from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. ... Baduizm is the debut album by American nu soul singer Erykah Badu, released in 1997 (see 1997 in music). ... Erykah Badu Erykah Badu (born Erica Abi Wright on February 26, 1971 in Dallas, Texas) is an American R&B/hip hop artist whose work crosses over into jazz. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Brian McKnight (born June 5, 1969 in Buffalo, New York) is an African-American singer, songwriter, arranger, and producer, specializing in pop and R&B. He is a multi-instrumentalist and plays the piano, guitar, and trumpet. ... Mamas Gun is the third album by American nu soul singer Erykah Badu, released in 2000 (see 2000 in music). ... Erykah Badu Erykah Badu (born Erica Abi Wright on February 26, 1971 in Dallas, Texas) is an American R&B/hip hop artist whose work crosses over into jazz. ...

Notable Motown artists

For a full list of Motown artists, see List of Motown performers. A posed photograph from Motowns landmark 1965 tour of the United Kingdom. ...

1950s and 1960s

Artist Year signed Year departed Label(s)
Mabel John 1959 1962 Tamla
Marv Johnson 1959 1968 Tamla
Gordy
Barrett Strong 1959 1961 Tamla
The Miracles
(also "Smokey Robinson & the Miracles")
1959 1976 Tamla
Mary Wells 1959 1964 Motown
Marvin Gaye 1960 1981 Tamla
The Contours 1960 1967 Tamla
Gordy
The Marvelettes 1960 1970 Tamla
The Supremes
(also "Diana Ross & the Supremes")
1961 1977 Tamla
Motown
The Temptations
(also "The Pirates")
1961 2004* Miracle/Gordy
Mel-o-dy
Motown
Martha & the Vandellas
(also "The Vells", "The Del-Phis", "Martha Reeves & the Vandellas")
1961 1972 Gordy
Mel-o-dy
Check-Mate
Jimmy Ruffin 1961 1971 Soul
Miracle
Motown
David Ruffin 1961 1982 Motown
Check-Mate
Stevie Wonder 1962 - Tamla
Motown
Shorty Long 1963 1969 Soul
The Spinners 1963 1971 V.I.P.
Kim Weston 1963 1967 Tamla
Four Tops 1963 1972 Motown
Brenda Holloway 1962 1968 Tamla
Jr. Walker & the All Stars 1965 1974 Soul
Tammi Terrell 1965 1970 Tamla
The Isley Brothers 1965 1969 Tamla
R. Dean Taylor 1964 1976 V.I.P.
Rare Earth
Gladys Knight & the Pips 1966 1973 Soul
Edwin Starr 1968 1974 Gordy
Soul
The Jackson 5 1969 1975 Motown
Rare Earth 1969 1978 Rare Eath
Prodigal

(*) The Temptations recorded for Atlantic Records between 1977 and 1980 Mable John (born 1930) was a blues vocalist who was the first female signed by Berry Gordy to Motowns Tamla label. ... Barrett Strong (born February 5, 1941 in West Point, Mississippi) is an African-American singer and songwriter. ... The most familiar incarnation of The Miracles. ... Mary Esther Wells (May 13, 1943–July 26, 1992) was an American soul and R&B singer. ... Marvin Gaye (born Marvin Pentz Gay, Jr. ... The Contours was a soul singing group on the Motown label during the 1960s. ... The Marvelettes in the early 1960s. ... The Supremes were a very successful Motown all-female singing group active from 1959 until 1977, performing at various times doo-wop, pop, soul, Broadway showtunes, psychedelia, and disco. ... The Temptations (also abbreviated as The Tempts or The Temps) are an American Motown singing group whose repertoire has included doo-wop, soul, psychedelia, funk, disco, R&B, and adult contemporary. ... Martha & the Vandellas were an American Motown group of the 1960s. ... Jimmy Ruffin (born May 7, 1939 in Collinsville, Mississippi) is an African-American soul singer and older brother of David Ruffin, one of the lead singers for The Temptations. ... David Ruffin. ... Stevie Wonder (born May 13, 1950) is an African-American singer, songwriter, producer, musician, humanitarian and social activist. ... Shorty Long (born Frederick Earl Long on 20-May-1940 in Birmingham, Alabama - he died 29-June-1969 in a boating accident on the Detroit River in Michigan) Shorty Long is one of the early artists of the Motown Record Company in Detroit. ... The Spinners are a Detroit, Michigan -based soul band popular in the 1960s and 1970s. ... Kim Weston during her years at Motorcity Agatha Natalie Kim Weston (born December 20, 1939) is an African American soul singer and Motown alumna. ... The Four Tops circa 1966. ... Brenda Holloway (born June 21, 1946 in Atascadero, California) is an African-American singer and songwriter best known for her period as a recording artist for the Motown label during the 1960s. ... Jr. ... Tammi Terrell Tammi Terrell (born Thomasina Montgomery) (April 29, 1945 - March 16, 1970) was an African American Motown singer in the 1960s, best known for her duets with Marvin Gaye. ... The Isley Brothers are a hugely popular African-American group of brothers from Cincinnati, Ohio. ... R. Dean Taylor is a Canadian-born singer, most famous for his 1970 song, Indiana Wants Me. ... The Pips redirects here. ... Edwin Starr (January 21, 1942 – April 3, 2003) was a soul music singer. ... The Jackson 5 (also spelled The Jackson Five or The Jackson 5ive, abbreviated as J5, and later known simply as The Jacksons) were an American popular music quintet from Gary, Indiana. ... Rare Earth was an American rock band affiliated with, and named after, Motowns Rare Earth record label in the late-1960s and 1970s. ... Atlantic Records (Atlantic Recording Corporation) is a record label founded in 1947 by Ahmet Ertegun and Herb Abramson, principally as a R&B label. ...

1970s

Artist Year signed Year departed Label(s)
Diana Ross 1970 1999* Motown
Undisputed Truth 1971 1975 Gordy
Ashford & Simpson 1970 1973 Tamla
Eddie Kendricks 1971 1978 Tamla
G.C. Cameron 1971 1981 Mo-West
Motown
Michael Jackson 1971 1975 Motown
Thelma Houston 1971 1979 Motown
Jermaine Jackson 1972 1984 Motown
Smokey Robinson 1973 1990 Tamla
The Commodores 1973 1986 Motown
Teena Marie 1976 1982 Gordy
Rick James 1978 1987 Gordy

(*) Diana Ross recorded for RCA Records between 1981 and 1989. This article is about the American musician. ... The Undisputed Truth, on the cover of their first LP, 1971s The Undisputed Truth, which contains their only hit single, Smiling Faces Sometimes. The Undisputed Truth was a 1970s Motown recording act, assembled by record producer Norman Whitfield as a means for being able to experiment with his psychedelic... Nickolas Ashford (born May 4, 1942, in Fairfield, South Carolina) and Valerie Simpson (born August 26, 1946 in The Bronx, New York) are a successful songwriting/production team, as well as being recording artists in their own right. ... Eddie Kendricks, on the cover of his 1981 album Love Keys. ... George Curtis G.C. Cameron (born in Jackson, Mississippi) is an American soul and R&B singer. ... For other people with the same name, see Michael Jackson (disambiguation) Michael Joseph Jackson (born August 29, 1958), also known as the King of Pop and Wacko Jacko, is an American musician whose successful music career and controversial personal life have been at the forefront of pop culture for the... Thelma Houston Thelma Houston (born May 7, 1946) is a African-American R&B singer. ... For the NBA player also named Jermaine Jackson, see Jermaine Jackson (basketball) Jermaine Jackson Jermaine Lajuane Jackson (now a. ... William Smokey Robinson, Jr. ... The Commodores was a highly successful soul/funk band in the 1970s. ... Teena Marie from the album cover of 1980s Lady T Teena Marie (born Mary Christine Brockert on March 5, 1956) is an R&B singer/songwriter/producer. ... Rick James (born James Ambrose Johnson, Jr; February 1, 1948 – August 6, 2004) was an American funk and soul musician, who worked as a singer, keyboardist, bassist, record producer, arranger, and composer during his long career. ... Sony BMG Music Entertainment is the result of a 50/50 joint venture between Sony Music Entertainment (part of Sony) and BMG Entertainment (part of Bertelsmann AG) completed in August 2004. ...

1980s

Artist Year signed Year departed Label(s)
DeBarge 1978 1989 Gordy
Lionel Ritchie 1982 1986 Motown
El DeBarge 1986 1989 Gordy
Motown
Chico DeBarge 1986 2000 Motown

1990s

Artist Year signed Year departed
Boyz II Men 1991 1998
Shanice 1991 1994
Johnny Gill 1990 1996
Brian McKnight 1998 -
Queen Latifah 1993 1998
Erykah Badu 1997 -
702 1996 -
98 Degrees 1997 1998

2000s

Artist Year signed Year departed
India.Arie 2000 -
Michael McDonald 2002 -
Q-Tip 2005 -
Kem 2003 -
Yummy Bingham 2005 -
Damian Marley 2005 -
Stephen Marley 2005 -
Trick Trick 2005 -
Mary Wells, 1962.
Enlarge
Mary Wells, 1962.
The Jackson 5, 1971. Front to back: Jackson brothers Michael, Marlon, Jermaine, Tito, and Jackie.
The Jackson 5, 1971. Front to back: Jackson brothers Michael, Marlon, Jermaine, Tito, and Jackie.
Rick James. c. 1981.
Enlarge
Rick James. c. 1981.
Boyz II Men, 1997.
Enlarge
Boyz II Men, 1997.
Erykah Badu, c. 2004
Erykah Badu, c. 2004

DeBarge DeBarge was an American singing group that specialized in R&B and soul music. ... Lionel Brockman Richie, Jr. ... El DeBarge Eldra El DeBarge (born June 4, 1961 in Grand Rapids, Michigan) was an African-American/French R&B and soul singer, the older brother of singers James and Chico DeBarge and the focal point and lead singer of the DeBarge family group throughout the early 1980s. ... Chico DeBarge Chico DeBarge (born June 23, 1966 in Grand Rapids, Michigan) is an African-American/French R&B singer and a younger brother of the members of the Motown family act DeBarge. ... Boyz II Men is an American R&B/soul singing group from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. ... Shanice Shanice Wilson (born May 14, 1973 in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania) is a Grammy nominated American R&B singer. ... Johnny Gill on the cover of his self-titled 1990 album Johnny Gill (born May 22, 1966 in Washington, D.C.) is an R&B singer known for his emphatic growl and soaring falsetto. ... Brian McKnight (born June 5, 1969 in Buffalo, New York) is an African-American singer, songwriter, arranger, and producer, specializing in pop and R&B. He is a multi-instrumentalist and plays the piano, guitar, and trumpet. ... Latifah on the cover of her 1999 autobiography Queen Latifah (real name: Dana Elaine Owens, born March 18, 1970) is an American Grammy Award-winning rap artist and singer, and an Academy Award-nominated actress. ... Erykah Badu Erykah Badu (born Erica Abi Wright on February 26, 1971 in Dallas, Texas) is an American R&B/hip hop artist whose work crosses over into jazz. ... 702 (pronounced Seven-Oh-Two), named after the area code of their hometown of Las Vegas, Nevada, is an American platinum-selling female R&B trio, made up of three young African-American women: lead singer Kameelah Williams and sisters Irish and LeMisha Grinstead. ... 98 Degrees was an American boy band. ... India. ... Several people bear the name Michael McDonald: Michael McDonald is an American blue-eyed soul singer. ... Q-Tip Q-Tip (born Jonathan Davis on April 10, 1970 in New York City), is an American rapper, actor, and hip hop producer, and is the former leader of the group A Tribe Called Quest. ... Kem on the cover of his 2005 sophomore album, Album II Kem Owens (born in Nashville, Tennessee), professionally known as Kem, is an African American R&B/soul singer, songwriter, and producer. ... Yummy Bingham Elizabeth T. Wyce Bingham a. ... A publicity photo of Damian. ... Stephen Ragga Marley was born April 20, 1972 and is the second son of Rita and Bob Marley. ... Trick-Trick on the cover of (2005) Trick Trick also known as Christian Mathis is Rap artist from Detroit. ... Image File history File links Smokey-miracles-page-display. ... Image File history File links Smokey-miracles-page-display. ... Smokey Robinson (born February 19, 1940) is an American R&B and soul singer and songwriter. ... William Smokey Robinson, Jr. ... Claudette Rogers Robinson (born in [[June1942) is an African-American soul singer, a member of The Miracles from 1957 to 1972. ... Ronald Ronnie White (April 5, 1939 - August 26, 1995) was an African American soul singer and songwriter, notable as a founding member of The Miracles, and the only member to survive all of that groups lineup changes. ... Warren Pete Moore (born November 19, 1935 in Detroit, Michigan) is an African American soul singer, notable as the bass singer for Motown group The Miracles from 1956 on. ... Robert Bobby Rogers (born February 19, 1940 in Detroit, Michigan) is an African American soul singer, notable as a member of Motown group The Miracles from 1956 on. ... Image File history File links Mary-wells-beat-punch. ... Image File history File links Mary-wells-beat-punch. ... Mary Esther Wells (May 13, 1943–July 26, 1992) was an American soul and R&B singer. ... Cover of the Marvin Gaye album Whats Going On. ... Cover of the Marvin Gaye album Whats Going On. ... Marvin Gaye (born Marvin Pentz Gay, Jr. ... Album cover of American recording group The Supremes from Amazon. ... Album cover of American recording group The Supremes from Amazon. ... Reissue album cover showing The Supremes in 1966. ... Album cover showing Florence Ballard (left), with The Supremes - Mary Wilson and Diana Ross Florence Flo Ballard (June 30, 1943 - February 22, 1976) was an African American singer, born and raised in Detroit, Michigan. ... Album cover showing Mary Wilson (center) with The Supremes - Florence Ballard (left) and Diana Ross (right). ... This article is about the American musician. ... The Temptations circa 1967, from the cover to Temptations: Gold (2005). ... The Temptations circa 1967, from the cover to Temptations: Gold (2005). ... The Temptations (also abbreviated as The Tempts or The Temps) are an American Motown singing group whose repertoire has included doo-wop, soul, psychedelia, funk, disco, R&B, and adult contemporary. ... Melvin Franklin (far left), with the Temptations in 1967. ... Eddie Kendricks, on the cover of his 1981 album Love Keys. ... David Ruffin. ... Otis Williams (second from right), with the Temptations in 1967. ... Paul Williams (far right), with the Temptations in 1967. ... Image File history File links Jackson02. ... Image File history File links Jackson02. ... The Jackson 5 (also spelled The Jackson Five or The Jackson 5ive, abbreviated as J5, and later known simply as The Jacksons) were an American popular music quintet from Gary, Indiana. ... For other people with the same name, see Michael Jackson (disambiguation) Michael Joseph Jackson (born August 29, 1958), also known as the King of Pop and Wacko Jacko, is an American musician whose successful music career and controversial personal life have been at the forefront of pop culture for the... Marlon Jackson during the Jackson 5 era. ... For the NBA player also named Jermaine Jackson, see Jermaine Jackson (basketball) Jermaine Jackson Jermaine Lajuane Jackson (now a. ... Image:Tajackson. ... Image:Sejackson. ... Image File history File links Rick-james-anthology. ... Image File history File links Rick-james-anthology. ... Rick James (born James Ambrose Johnson, Jr; February 1, 1948 – August 6, 2004) was an American funk and soul musician, who worked as a singer, keyboardist, bassist, record producer, arranger, and composer during his long career. ... Image File history File links Evolution (Boyz II Men album) This image is of a music album or single cover, and the copyright for it is most likely owned by either the publisher of the album or the artist(s) which produced the music in question. ... Image File history File links Evolution (Boyz II Men album) This image is of a music album or single cover, and the copyright for it is most likely owned by either the publisher of the album or the artist(s) which produced the music in question. ... Boyz II Men is an American R&B/soul singing group from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. ... Image File history File links singer Erykah Badu File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links singer Erykah Badu File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Erykah Badu Erykah Badu (born Erica Abi Wright on February 26, 1971 in Dallas, Texas) is an American R&B/hip hop artist whose work crosses over into jazz. ...

Motown subsidiary labels

Label Year founded Year closed Description
Motown Records 1961 - The main label for mainstream R&B/soul music, also released hip hop music in later period. Numbering system combined with those of Tamla and Gordy in 1982. Purchased by MCA in 1988. Notable artists have included Mary Wells, Diana Ross & The Supremes, The Jackson 5, Boyz II Men, and Erykah Badu.
Tamla Records 1959 1988 A primary subsidiary for mainstream R&B/soul music. The original label; predates the incorporation of Motown Record Corporation by several months. Numbering system combined with those of Motown and Gordy in 1982. Merged with Motown in 1988. Notable artists included Smokey Robinson & The Miracles, Marvin Gaye, and Stevie Wonder.
Gordy Records 1961 1988 A primary subsidiary for mainstream R&B/soul music. Originally known as Miracle Records (slogan: "If It's a Hit, It's a Miracle"), the name changed in 1962 to avoid confusion with the Miracles singing group. Numbering system combined with those of Motown and Gordy in 1982. Merged with Motown in 1988. Notable artists included The Temptations, Martha Reeves & the Vandellas, Rick James, and DeBarge. Gordy Records slogan: "It's All in the Grooves!"
Check-Mate Records 1961 1962 Short-lived secondary R&B/soul subsidiary. Notable artists included David Ruffin and The Del-Phis (later Martha & the Vandellas).
Divinity Records 1961 1963 Short-lived gospel subsidiary.
Mel-o-dy Records 1962 1965 Originally a secondary R&B/soul music subsidiary, later focused on white country music artists. Notable artists include Dorsey Burnette.
Workshop Jazz Records 1962 1964 Jazz subsidiary. Notable artists included the George Bohannon Trio and Four Tops (whose recordings for the label went unissued for 30 years)
Soul Records 1964 1978 Secondary R&B/soul subsidiary, for releases with less of a pop feel and/or more of a blues feel. Notable artists included Jr. Walker & the All-Stars, Gladys Knight & the Pips and Jimmy Ruffin.
V.I.P. Records 1964 1972 Secondary R&B/soul subsidiary. Notable artists included The Spinners and The Elgins.
Rare Earth Records 1969 1976 Subsidiary focusing on rock music by white artists. Notable acts included Rare Earth (after whom the label was named), R. Dean Taylor, and Stoney & Meatloaf.
Weed Records 1969 1969 Very short-lived subsidiary. Only one release, Chris Clark's CC Rides Again album, was issued. The name Weed Records is now owned by the Tokyo-New York based Wee Drecords.
Chisa Records 1968 1974 Label owend by Hugh Masekela. Motown released Chisa output from 1969 to 1972.
Black Forum Records 1970 1973 Spoken word subsidiary, focused mainly on albums featuring progressive political and pro-civil rights speeches/poetry. Issued recordings by the Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., Stokely Carmichael, Elaine Brown, and others.
Mo-west Records 1971 1973 Short-lived subsidiary for R&B/soul artists based on the West Coast. Shut down when the main Motown office moved to Los Angeles. Notable artists included G.C. Cameron and Syreeta Wright.
Ecology Records 1971 1971 Very short-lived label owned by Sammy Davis, Jr. and distributed by Motown. Only release: single "In My Own Lifetime"/"I'll Begin Again", by Davis.
Natural Resources Records 1972 1979 Active from 1972 to 1973 and in 1976 as a minor subsidiary for white artists and instrumental bands. Served as a label for Motown, Tamla, and Gordy rereleases and Motown compilation albums in 1978 and 1979.
Prodigal Records 1974 1978 Purchased by Motown in 1978, and used as a second rock music subsidiary; a sister to Rare Earth Records. The Rare Earth band moved over to the label following the Rare Earth label's demise.
CTI Records 1967 1978 Jazz label owned by Creed Taylor. Motown distributed CTI output from 1974 to 1975. CTI subsidiaries distributed by Motown included Kudu Records, Three Brothers Records and Salvation Records.
Hitsville Records 1975 1977 Originally founded as Melodyland Records, name was changed in 1976. Short-lived country music subsidiary. Notable artists included Pat Boone and T.G. Sheppard.
Gull Records N/A - UK-based label still in operation. Motown released its output in the US in 1975. Gull had Judas Priest on its roster in 1975, but their LP Sad Wings of Destiny, intended for release by Motown in the US, was issued after the Motown/Gull Deal had fallen through.
Morocco Records 1983 1984 Short for Motown Rock Company. Rock music subsidiary for white artists, a short-lived attempt to revive the Rare Earth Records concept.
Motown Latino Records 1982 1982 Short-lived subsidiary for Spanish language Latin American music.

Hip hop music (also referred to as rap or rap music) is a style of popular music. ... The Music Corporation of America, legally incorporated as MCA, Inc. ... Mary Esther Wells (May 13, 1943–July 26, 1992) was an American soul and R&B singer. ... Reissue album cover showing The Supremes in 1966. ... The Jackson 5 (also spelled The Jackson Five or The Jackson 5ive, abbreviated as J5, and later known simply as The Jacksons) were an American popular music quintet from Gary, Indiana. ... Boyz II Men is an American R&B/soul singing group from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. ... Erykah Badu Erykah Badu (born Erica Abi Wright on February 26, 1971 in Dallas, Texas) is an American R&B/hip hop artist whose work crosses over into jazz. ... Smokey Robinson (born February 19, 1940) is an American R&B and soul singer and songwriter. ... Marvin Gaye (born Marvin Pentz Gay, Jr. ... Stevie Wonder (born May 13, 1950) is an African-American singer, songwriter, producer, musician, humanitarian and social activist. ... The Temptations (also abbreviated as The Tempts or The Temps) are an American Motown singing group whose repertoire has included doo-wop, soul, psychedelia, funk, disco, R&B, and adult contemporary. ... Martha and the Vandellas were an American Motown group of the 1960s. ... Rick James (born James Ambrose Johnson, Jr; February 1, 1948 – August 6, 2004) was an American funk and soul musician, who worked as a singer, keyboardist, bassist, record producer, arranger, and composer during his long career. ... DeBarge DeBarge was an American singing group that specialized in R&B and soul music. ... David Ruffin. ... Martha & the Vandellas were an American Motown group of the 1960s. ... Country music, also called country and western music or country-western, is an amalgam of popular musical forms developed in the Southern United States, with roots in traditional folk music, Celtic Music, Blues, Gospel music, and Old-time music. ... Dorsey Burnette was an early Rockabilly singer from Memphis, Tennessee and with his younger brother Johnny Burnette and a friend named Paul Burlison was one of the founder members of The Rock and Roll Trio. ... Jazz is an original American musical art form originating around the early 1920s in New Orleans, rooted in Western music technique and theory, and is marked by the profound cultural contributions of African Americans. ... The blues is a vocal and instrumental form of music based on a pentatonic scale and a characteristic twelve-bar chord progression. ... Jr. ... The Pips redirects here. ... Jimmy Ruffin (born May 7, 1939 in Collinsville, Mississippi) is an African-American soul singer and older brother of David Ruffin, one of the lead singers for The Temptations. ... The Spinners are a Detroit, Michigan -based soul band popular in the 1960s and 1970s. ... The Classic 5 lineup of The Temptations, circa 1965. ... Rock is a form of popular music, usually featuring vocals (often with vocal harmony), electric guitars, and a strong back beat; other instruments, such as the saxophone, are common in some styles, however saxophones have been omitted from newer subgenres of rock music since the 90s. ... Rare Earth was an American rock band affiliated with, and named after, Motowns Rare Earth record label in the late-1960s and 1970s. ... R. Dean Taylor is a Canadian-born singer, most famous for his 1970 song, Indiana Wants Me. ... Stoney and Meatloaf is the little known debut album of singer Meat Loaf (Marvin Lee Aday), released in 1971 (see 1971 in music), a collaboration with female vocalist Stoney Murphy. ... Chris Clark is an American Motown soul singer. ... Spoken word is a form of music or artistic performance in which lyrics, poetry, or stories are spoken rather than sung. ... Martin Luther King Jr. ... Carmichael amidst a demonstration near the United States Capitol protesting the House of Representatives action denying Rep. ... Image:People others06. ... George Curtis G.C. Cameron (born in Jackson, Mississippi) is an American soul and R&B singer. ... Syreeta Wright (August 3, 1946 - July 6, 2004) was a singer/songwriter, and former wife of Stevie Wonder, Quincy Jones, and Michael Bolton. ... Sammy Davis, Jr. ... CTI Records (Creed Taylor International or Creed Taylor Incorporated) was a jazz record label fonded in 1967 by Creed Taylor. ... Creed Taylor is an American record producer. ... Pat Boone Pat Boone (born June 1, 1934) is a singer whose smooth style made him one of the most popular performers of the 1950s and 1960s. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Sad Wings of Destiny is the second album by the British heavy metal group Judas Priest, released in 1976. ... This article is about the international language known as Spanish. ... Latin American music, sometimes simply called Latin music, includes the music of many countries and comes in many varieties, from the simple, rural conjunto music of northern Mexico to the sophisticated habanera of Cuba, from the symphonies of Heitor Villa-Lobos to the simple and moving Andean flute. ...

See also

After his return from Korea in 1953, he married Thelma Coleman. ... Hitsville U.S.A, as seen in The Temptations (1998). ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Motown - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1808 words)
Motown Records, Inc., also known as Tamla-Motown outside of the United States, is a record label originally based out of Detroit, Michigan ("Motor City"), where it achieved widespread international success, and played an important role in the integration of popular music.
In the 1960s (from 1961 to 1971), Motown had 110 Top 10 hits and artists such as Stevie Wonder, Marvin Gaye, Diana Ross and The Supremes, The Temptations, The Four Tops, The Jackson 5, and Gladys Knight and the Pips were all signed to Motown Records.
Motown artists were told that their breakthrough into the white popular music market made them ambassadors for other African-American artists seeking broad market acceptance, and that they should think, act, walk and talk like royalty, so as to alter the less-than-dignified image (commonly held by white Americans in that era) of fl musicians.
Motown Sound - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (524 words)
The Motown Sound is a style of soul music with distinctive characteristics, including the use of tambourine along with drums, bass instrumentation, a distinctive melodical and chord structure, and a "call and response" singing style originating in gospel music.
Among the most important architects of The Motown Sound were the members of Motown's in-house team of songwriters and record producers, including Motown founder Berry Gordy, William "Smokey" Robinson, Norman Whitfield and Barrett Strong, and the team of Brian Holland, Lamont Dozier and Edward Holland, Jr.
On a side note, Great Britain was also the scene where the Motown sound (and that of numerous smaller record companies) was kept alive by the northern soul movement, so called due to the fact that it was centered in the northern parts of England.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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