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Encyclopedia > Motion graphics

Motion graphics are graphics that use video and/or animation technology to create the illusion of motion or a transforming appearance. These motion graphics are usually combined with audio for use in multimedia projects. Motion graphics are usually displayed via electronic media technology, but may be displayed via manual powered technology (e.g thaumatrope, phenakistoscope, stroboscope, zoetrope, praxinoscope, flip book) as well. The term is useful for distinguishing still graphics from graphics with a transforming appearance over time without over-specifying the form. In film and video, footage is the raw, unedited material as it has been recorded by the camera, which usually must be edited to create a motion picture, video clip, television show or similar completed work. ... Animation is the technique of filming a sequence of drawings or positions of models to create an illusion of movement. ... An illusion is a distortion of a sensory perception. ... Motion involves change in position, such as this perspective of rapidly leaving Yongsan Station In physics, motion means a continuous change in the position of a body relative to a reference point, as measured by a particular observer in a particular frame of reference. ... A U.S. Postage Stamp commemorating one hundred years of sound recording. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Electronic media are those communications mediums which are based on electronic or electromechanical means of production and most often distinguished from print media. ... A thaumatrope is a toy that was popular in Victorian times. ... The phenakistoscope (also spelled phenakistiscope) was an early animation device, the predecessor to the zoetrope. ... A stroboscope , also known as a strobe, is an instrument used to make a cyclically moving object appear to be slow-moving or stationary. ... A modern replica of a Victorian zoetrope. ... The Praxinoscope was an animation device, the successor to the zoetrope. ... A flip book is a book with a series of pictures varying gradually from one page to the next, so that when the pages are turned rapidly, the pictures appear to animate, simulating motion or some other change. ...

Contents

Motion Graphics versus Film

The term "motion graphics" has the potential for less ambiguity than the use of the term "film" to describe moving pictures in the 21st century. "Film" is also used to describe photographic film (the 20th century medium of choice for recording motion), the process of recording footage, and the industry it most serves. However, digital video recording and digital projection to display motion graphics have the potential to make photographic film obsolete. The term "capture" is often used instead of "film" as a verb to describe the process of recording footage, perhaps due to the term's compatibility with digital video and motion capture technology. "The motion picture industry" is the formal term for what used to be called the "film industry". Film is a term that encompasses motion pictures as individual projects, as well as the field in general. ... Undeveloped Arista black and white film, ISO 125. ... Digital video is a type of video recording system that works by using a digital, rather than analog, representation of the video signal. ... This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Undeveloped Arista black and white film, ISO 125. ... In film and video, footage is the raw, unedited material as it has been recorded by the camera, which usually must be edited to create a motion picture, video clip, television show or similar completed work. ... Motion capture, or mocap, is a technique of digitally recording the movements of real things — usually humans — it originally developed as an analysis tool in biomechanics research, but has grown increasingly important as a source of motion data for computer animation. ...


Scope of the Term

Motion graphics extend beyond the most commonly used methods of frame-by-frame footage and animation. Computers are capable of calculating and randomizing changes in imagery to create the illusion of motion and transformation. Computer animations can use less information space (computer memory) by automatically tweening, a process of rendering the changes of an image at a specified or calculated time. Adobe Flash uses computer animation tweening as well as frame-by-frame animation and video. Computer animation is the art of creating moving images via the use of computers. ... The terms storage (U.K.) or memory (U.S.) refer to the parts of a digital computer that retain physical state (data) for some interval of time, possibly even after electrical power to the computer is turned off. ... Tweening, short for in-betweening, is the process of generating intermediate frames between two images to give the appearance that the first image evolves smoothly into the second image. ... Rendering is the process of generating an image from a model, by means of a software program. ... Adobe Flash (formerly Macromedia Flash and before that FutureSplash), or simply Flash, refers to both the Adobe Flash Player and to a multimedia authoring program used to create content for the Adobe Engagement Platform (such as web applications, games and movies). ...


History of the Term

Since there is no universally accepted definition of motion graphics, the official beginning of the art form is heavily disputed. There have been presentations that could be classified as motion graphics as early as the 1800's. Other sources, such as the 2003 Macworld Conference and Expo Web site, claim that it started in the 1990's.


Saul Bass

Among those in the motion graphics profession, most agree that Saul Bass is the most significant pioneer in animated graphic design, and that his work marks the true beginning of what is now commonly referred to as motion graphics. His work included title sequences for popular films such as The Man With The Golden Arm (1955), Vertigo (1958), Anatomy of a Murder (1959), North by Northwest (1959), Psycho (1960), and Advise & Consent (1962). His designs were simple, but effectively communicated the mood of the film. Saul Bass Saul Bass (May 8, 1920 - April 25, 1996; pronunciation of name unknown) was a graphic designer, but is best known for his design on motion picture title sequences, which is thought of as the best such work ever seen. ... Vertigo is a 1958 psychological thriller film directed by Alfred Hitchcock. ...


Computer Generated Motion Graphics

The term motion graphics originated with video editing in computing, perhaps to keep pace with newer technology. Before computers were widely available, motion graphics were costly and time consuming, limiting their use to only high budget film and tv projects. With the reduced cost of producing motion graphics on a computer, the discipline has seen more widespread use. With the availability of desktop programs such as Adobe After Effects, Discreet Combustion, and Apple Motion, motion graphics has become increasingly accessible. Motion graphics continues to evolve as an art form with the incorporation of sweeping camera paths and 3D elements. Maxon's CINEMA 4D is highly favored for its ease of use, integration with Adobe After Effects, and plugins such as MoGraph and Jenna. Despite their relative complexity, Autodesk's Maya and 3D Studio Max are also widely used for the animation and design of motion graphics. Maya — traditionally used for high-end special effects and character animation — has the advantage of including an extremely robust feature set and wide-ranging user base. 3D Studio Max has many of the advanced features of Maya and uses a node-based particle system generator similar to Cinema 4D's Thinking Particles plugin. Adobe After Effects is a digital motion graphics and compositing software developed by Adobe Systems. ... Motion is a software application produced by Apple Computer for their Mac OS X operating system. ... CINEMA 4D is a commercial cross platform high-end 3D graphics application produced by MAXON Computer GmbH of Friedrichsdorf near Frankfurt, Germany. ... Adobe After Effects is a digital motion graphics and compositing software developed by Adobe Systems. ... Autodesk, Inc. ... The word Maya or maya can refer to: // The Maya, Native American peoples of southern Mexico and northern Central America Maya peoples, the contemporary indigenous peoples Maya civilization, their historical pre-Columbian civilization Mayan languages, the family of languages spoken by the Maya Maya people, an Australian Aboriginal group Maya... 3D Studio Max (name changed to 3DS Max, also sometimes called 3dsm, or just Max) is a 3D modeler developed by Autodesk Media & Entertainment (formerly known as Discreet and Kinetix). ... The word Maya or maya can refer to: // The Maya, Native American peoples of southern Mexico and northern Central America Maya peoples, the contemporary indigenous peoples Maya civilization, their historical pre-Columbian civilization Mayan languages, the family of languages spoken by the Maya Maya people, an Australian Aboriginal group Maya... Special effects (abbreviated SPFX or SFX) are used in the film, television, and entertainment industry to create effects that cannot be achieved by normal means, such as depicting travel to other star systems. ... Character animation is a special aspect of the animation process, in which life is breathed into an artificial character. ... 3D Studio Max (name changed to 3DS Max, also sometimes called 3dsm, or just Max) is a 3D modeler developed by Autodesk Media & Entertainment (formerly known as Discreet and Kinetix). ... For more background on this topic, see game physics. ... CINEMA 4D is a commercial cross platform high-end 3D graphics application produced by MAXON Computer GmbH of Friedrichsdorf near Frankfurt, Germany. ...


Many motion graphics animators learn several 3D graphics packages for use according to each programs' strengths. The rewrite of this article is being devised at Talk:3D computer graphics/Temp. ...


Notable Studios and Individuals

Maurice Binder (August 25, 1925 - April 4, 1991) is a famous title designer best known for his work on 14 James Bond films beginning with the first, Dr. No in 1962 and ending with Licence to Kill in 1989. ... Pablo Ferro Pablo Ferro (born January 15, 1935) is a graphic designer and film titles designer. ...

Relevant Links

  • Motionographer
  • Stashmedia Feed - animation, VFX and motion graphics news
  • xplsv.tv - digital database and user community of motion graphics, animations, demoscene, vfx, and live visuals
  • mograph.net - A motion graphics forum
  • Fubiz - motion graphics blog posts (in French)
  • Blue Vertigo - Argentinean motion graphics links
  • Keyframe - A motion graphics blog

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