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Encyclopedia > Moscow State University
Moscow State University
Moscow State University

M.V. Lomonosov Moscow State University (Russian: Московский государственный университет имени М.В.Ломоносова, often abbreviated МГУ, MSU, MGU) is the largest and the oldest university in Russia, founded in 1755. As of 2004, the university has some 4,000 staff teaching 31,000 students and 7,000 postgraduates. Its current rector is Viktor Sadovnichiy. Download high resolution version (1024x768, 170 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (1024x768, 170 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... This is a list of the oldest extant universities in the world. ... For a list of universities around the world, see Lists of colleges and universities Representation of a university class, 1350s. ... 1755 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Viktor Antonovich Sadovnichiy (Russian: Виктор Антонович Садовничий) (b. ...

Contents

University history

Main buildings of the university in the Mokhovaya Street, 1798.
Main buildings of the university in the Mokhovaya Street, 1798.

The university was established on the instigation of Ivan Shuvalov and Mikhail Lomonosov by a decree of Russian Empress Elizabeth dated January 25 (January 12 old style), 1755. First lessons were held on April 26. January 25 is still celebrated as the Students' Day in Russia. Main building of the Moscow university in the 18th century This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Main building of the Moscow university in the 18th century This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Ivan Shuvalov in 1760, as painted by Fyodor Rokotov. ... Mikhail Vasilyevich Lomonosov Mikhail Vasilyevich Lomonosov (Михаи́л Васи́льевич Ломоно́сов) (November 19 (November 8, Old Style), 1711 – April 15 (April 4, Old Style), 1765) was a Russian writer and polymath who made important contributions to literature, education, and science. ... H.I.M. Yelizaveta Petrovna, Empress and Autocrat of all the Russias (1709-62) Yelizaveta (Yelisavet) Petrovna (Елизаве́та (Елисаве́т) Петро́вна) (December 29, 1709 - January 5, 1762), also known as Elizabeth, was an Empress of Russia (1741 - 1762) who took the country into the War of Austrian succession (1740 - 1748) and the Seven Years... January 25 is the 25th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1755 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... April 26 is the 116th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (117th in leap years). ... Tatiana Day is a Russian religious holiday observed on January 25 according to the Gregorian calendar, January 12 according to the Julian. ...


Originally allocated in the Principal Medicine Store on the Red Square, the university was transferred by Catherine the Great to the present Neoclassical building on the other side of the Mokhovaya Street. The main building was constructed between 1782 and 1793 to a Neo-Palladian design by Matvey Kazakov and rebuilt after Napoleon's invasion of Russia by Domenico Giliardi. State Historical Museum, as seen from Red Square The State Historical Museum of Russia is a museum of Russian history located at one end of Red Square in Moscow. ... For other uses, see Red Square (disambiguation). ... Catherine II of Russia Catherine II of Russia, called the Great (Russian: Екатерина II Великая, Yekaterina II Velikaya; 2 May 1729–17 November 1796 [O.S. 6 November]) — sometimes referred to as an epitome of the enlightened despot — reigned as Empress of Russia for some 34 years, from June 28, 1762 until... Neoclassicism (sometimes rendered as Neo-Classicism or Neo-classicism) is the name given to quite distinct movements in the decorative and visual arts, literature, theatre, music, and architecture. ... Kazan Cathedral in St Petersburg and the Cathedral of Christ the Saviour in Moscow were built to commemorate the Russian victory against Napoleon. ...


In the 18th century, the university included three faculties — of philosophy, medicine, and law. A college for future students was affiliated with the university before being abolished in 1812. In 1779, Mikhail Kheraskov founded a board school for noblemen (Благородный пансион), transformed into a gymnasium for the Russian nobility in 1830. The university press, run by Nikolay Novikov in the 1780s, published the most popular newspaper in Imperial Russia — Moskovskie Vedomosti. For other uses, see Philosophy (disambiguation). ... Medicine is a branch of health science and the sector of public life concerned with maintaining or restoring human health through the study, diagnosis, treatment and possible prevention of disease and injury. ... Equality and the balancing of our interests under law is symbolised by a blindfold and weighing scales For other senses of this word, see Law (disambiguation). ... For the overture by Tchaikovsky, see 1812 Overture; For the wars, see War of 1812 (USA - United Kingdom) or Patriotic War of 1812 (France - Russia) For the Siberia Airlines plane crashed over the Black Sea on October 4, 2001, see Siberia Airlines Flight 1812 1812 was a leap year starting... 1779 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Mikhail Matveyevich Kheraskov (1733-1807) was regarded as the most important Russian poet by Catherine the Great and her contemporaries. ... Categories of Russian nobility and royalty Kniaz (as ancient ruler) Velikiy Kniaz Boyar Tsar (Emperor), Tsarina (Empress, Empress consort) Tsar family Tsarevich, Tsarevna Velikiy Kniaz (Grand Duke) (as title), Velikaya Knyaginya (Grand Duchess), Velikaya Knyazhna (Grand Duchess) Dvoryanstvo Titled Dvoryanstvo Earl Baron Kniaz (as title) Related article Table of Ranks... Liberty Leading the People by Eugène Delacroix commemorates the July Revolution 1830 (MDCCCXXX) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Portrait of Nikolay Novikov, by Dmitry Levitzky. ... The Moscow News (Russian: Московские ведомости) was Russias largest newspaper by circulation before it was superceded by Saint Petersburg dailies in the mid-19th century. ...


In 1905 a social-democratic organization was created at the university, calling for the tsar to be overthrown and for Russia to be turned into a republic. The Tsarist government repeatedly began closing the university. In 1911, in a protest of the introduction of troops onto the campus and mistreatment of certain professors, 130 scientists and professors resigned en masse, including prominent ones such as Nikolay Dimitrievich Zelinskiy, Pyotr Nikolaevich Lebedev and Sergei Alekseevich Chaplygin. Thousands of students were expelled in 1911 as well. 1905 (MCMV) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... 1911 (MCMXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (click on link for calendar). ... Nikolay Dimitrievich Zelinskiy (Зелинский, Николай Дмитриевич in Russian) (February 6 n. ... Pyotr Nikolaevich Lebedev (Russian: ) was a promiment Russian physicist. ... Sergei Alekseevich Chaplygin (April 5, 1869 - October 8, 1942) was a Russian physicist. ... 1911 (MCMXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (click on link for calendar). ...

Nowadays the old premises house the Faculty of Psychology and the Faculty of Journalism.
Nowadays the old premises house the Faculty of Psychology and the Faculty of Journalism.

After the October Revolution in 1917, the school opened up to allow the children of the proletariat and peasants, not just those of the more well-to-do petits bourgeois. In 1919, tuition fees were done away with, and a preparatory facility was created for children of the working class so that they would be able to pass the admission examinations. The university was renamed in 1940 in honor of its founder Mikhail Lomonosov. Image File history File linksMetadata Staruniversity. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Staruniversity. ... Red October redirects here. ... Year 1917 (MCMXVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar (see: 1917 Julian calendar). ... Petit-bourgeois or Anglicised petty bourgeois is a French term that originally referred to the members of the lower middle social-classes in the 18th and early 19th centuries. ... Year 1919 (MCMXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar). ... The term working class is used to denote a social class. ... Year 1940 (MCMXL) was a leap year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1940 calendar). ... Mikhail Vasilyevich Lomonosov Mikhail Vasilyevich Lomonosov (Михаи́л Васи́льевич Ломоно́сов) (November 19 (November 8, Old Style), 1711 – April 15 (April 4, Old Style), 1765) was a Russian writer and polymath who made important contributions to literature, education, and science. ...


After 1991 nine new faculties were established. In 1992 the university has been granted a unique status: it is funded directly from the state budget (bypassing the ministry of education) which provides a significant level of independence. 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday. ...


The campus

MSU Main Tower
MSU Main Tower

Since 1953 most of the faculties are situated on Sparrow Hills, in the southwest of Moscow. The Main building was designed by architect Lev Vladimirovich Rudnev. In the post-war era, Stalin ordered seven huge tiered neoclassic towers built around the city. The MSU Main building was by far the largest. It was also the tallest building in the world outside of New York City at that time, and it remained the tallest building in Europe until 1988. The central tower being 240m and 36-stories high, was flanked by four huge wings of student and faculty accommodations. It is said to contain a total of 33 kilometers of corridors and 5000 rooms. Facilities available inside the building include a concert hall, a theatre, a museum, various administration services, a library, a swimming pool, a police station, a post office, a laundry, a hairdresser's, a canteen, bank offices, shops, cafeterias, a bomb shelter, etc. Along with the university administration, four of the main faculties - Faculty of Mechanics and Mathematics, the Faculty of Geology, the Faculty of Geography and the Faculty of Fine and Performing Arts - now remain in the Main buiding. The star on the top of the tower is large enough to provide a small room and a viewing platform; it weighs 12 tons. The building's facades are ornamented with giant clocks, barometers, and thermometers, statues, carved wheat sheaves and Soviet crests (recently renovated). It stands before a terrace featuring statues of male and female students gazing optimistically and confidently into the future. Download high resolution version (1200x1600, 97 KB)photo by seabhcan. ... Download high resolution version (1200x1600, 97 KB)photo by seabhcan. ... A view of central Moscow from Sparrow Hills Sparrow Hills (Sparrows Hills, Russian: Воробьёвы горы, former name in 1935 – 1999: Lenin Hills - Ленинские горы) is a part of the right bank of the Moscow River and one of highest point in Moscow with an altitude up to 220 m (60-70 m above... Architect at his drawing board, 1893 An Architect is a person who is involved in the planning, designing and oversight of a buildings construction. ... Lev Rudnev Lev Vladimirovich Rudnev (Russian: ; 13 March 1885 [O.S. 1 March]-November 19, 1956) was a Russian architect, representant of the Stalinist architecture. ... Iosif (usually anglicized as Joseph) Vissarionovich Stalin (Russian: Иосиф Виссарионович Сталин), original name Ioseb Jughashvili (Georgian: იოსებ ჯუღაშვი&#4314... The apartment building on Kotyelnicheskaya Nabyerezhnaya (Котельническая набережная) in Moscow. ... Nickname: Big Apple, Gotham Location in the state of New York Coordinates: Country United States State New York Boroughs The Bronx Brooklyn Manhattan Queens Staten Island Settled 1613 Mayor Michael Bloomberg (R) Area    - City 1,214. ... // Although lectures in mathematics have been delivered since Moscow State University was founded in 1755, the separate mathematical and physical department was founded only in 1804. ... MSU Department of Geography (Географический факультет МГУ) - was created in 1938 under Moscow State University Order â„–109 dated 23. ...


While the Sparrow Hills were on the outskirts of the city at the time of the construction of the Main building, they are now about halfway from the Kremlin to the city limits. Several other buildings and sport facilities were later added to the city campus, including the only specialized baseball stadium in Russia. Currently a new building is in construction for the social sciences faculties, and a vast new facility has just been built for the library, which is the second biggest in Russia by the number of books. The university also has several dormitory buildings in the southwest of Moscow outside the campus. A view of central Moscow from Sparrow Hills Sparrow Hills (Sparrows Hills, Russian: Воробьёвы горы, former name in 1935 – 1999: Lenin Hills - Ленинские горы) is a part of the right bank of the Moscow River and one of highest point in Moscow with an altitude up to 220 m (60-70 m above... Moscow Kremlin in the 19th century. ...


The historical buiding of the Mokhovaya Street now houses mainly the Faculty of Journalism, the Faculty of Psychology and the The Institute of Asian and African Studies. Faculty of Journalism of Moscow State University (2002 photo) Moscow State University Department of Journalism is one of the MSU Departments. ... Department of psychology at the Moscow State University was established in 1966 and headed by Alexei Nikolaevich Leontev until his death in 1979. ...


The building has coordinates 55°42′10″N, 37°31′50″E.


Faculties

The Language Building
The Language Building

As of 2005, the university has 29 faculties and 15 research centers: Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 142 KB)Photo by Seabhcan. ... Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 142 KB)Photo by Seabhcan. ...

// Although lectures in mathematics have been delivered since Moscow State University was founded in 1755, the separate mathematical and physical department was founded only in 1804. ... MSU Department of Computational Mathematics and Cybernetics The Department of Computational Mathematics and Cybernetics (CMC) (Russian: Факультет вычислительной математики и кибернетики (ВМиК)) of Moscow State University was founded in 1970 by A. N. Tikhonov. ... MSU Department of Geography (Географический факультет МГУ) - was created in 1938 under Moscow State University Order №109 dated 23. ... Department of Materials Science of Moscow State University (MSU) (Russian: Факультет наук о материалах МГУ) was founded in 1991 at the base of Department of Chemistry, Department of Physics and Department of Mechanics and Mathematics. ... Faculty of Journalism of Moscow State University (2002 photo) Moscow State University Department of Journalism is one of the MSU Departments. ... Department of psychology at the Moscow State University was established in 1966 and headed by Alexei Nikolaevich Leontev until his death in 1979. ...

Institutions and research centres

Sternberg Astronomical Institute is a research institution in Moscow, Russia, division of Moscow State University. ... The White Sea Biological Station (WSBS) named by A.N. Pertsov is an educational and research centre under the auspices of the Department of Biology of M.V. Lomonosov Moscow State University. ...

Famous alumni and faculty

MSU main building
MSU main building

Alexey Abrikosov · Pavel Alexandrov · Vladimir Arnold · Pafnuty Chebyshev · Anton Chekhov · Boris Chicherin · Ekaterina Dashkova · Semyon Desnitsky · Vladimir Drinfel'd · Israel Gelfand · Vitaly Ginzburg · Mikhail Gorbachev · Alexander Herzen · C. A. R. Hoare · Ion Iliescu · Vyacheslav Ivanov · Wassily Kandinsky · Pyotr Kapitsa · Yuri Knorosov · Andrey Kolmogorov · Maxim Kontsevich · Igor Kurchatov · Lev Landau · Grigory Landsberg · Nikolai Luzin · Grigory Margulis · Sergei Novikov · Andrei Okounkov · Olga Oleinik · Aleksandr Oparin · Ivan Petrovsky · Andrei Sakharov · Yakov Sinai · Igor Tamm · Vladimir Toporov · Nikolai Trubetzkoy Download high resolution version (1728x2304, 1356 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (1728x2304, 1356 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Alexei Alexeyevich Abrikosov (Russian: ) (born June 25, 1928, in Moscow, Russian SFSR, USSR) is a Soviet/Russian theoretical physicist whose main contributions are in the field of condensed matter physics. ... Pavel Sergeevich Alexandrov (Па́вел Серге́евич Алекса́ндров, sometimes romanized Alexandroff or Aleksandrov) (born May 7, 1896 - died November 16, 1982) was a Russian mathematician. ... Vladimir I. Arnold (Moscow, December 2001). ... Pafnuty Lvovich Chebyshev Pafnuty Lvovich Chebyshev (Russian: ) ( May 16 [O.S. May 4] 1821 – December 8 [O.S. November 26] 1894) was a Russian mathematician. ... Anton Pavlovich Chekhov (Russian: , Anton Pavlovič ÄŒehov) (29 January 1860 [O.S. 17 January] – 15 July 1904 [O.S. 2 July]) was a physician, major Russian short story writer and playwright. ... Boris Chicherin Boris Nikolayevich Chicherin (Russian: , May 26, 1828 - February 3, 1904) was a Russian jurist and political philosopher, who worked out a theory that Russia needed a strong, authoritative government to persevere with liberal reforms. ... Portrait of Princess Dashkov from the Hermitage Museum. ... Semyon Efimovich Desnitsky (1740 — 1789) was a disciple of Adam Smith who introduced his ideas to the Russian public. ... Vladimir Gershonovich Drinfeld (Владимир Гершонович Дринфельд) is a mathematician born February 14, 1954 in Ukraine. ... Israel Moiseevich Gelfand (Russian: ) (born in 1913) is a prolific mathematician in the field of functional analysis, which he interprets in a broad sense as the mathematics of quantum mechanics. ... Vitaly Lazarevich Ginzburg (Russian: ; born October 4, 1916 in Moscow) is a Soviet/Russian theoretical physicist and astrophysicist, a member of the Academy of Sciences of the former Soviet Union, and the successor to Igor Tamm as head of the Academys physics institute (FIAN). ... Mikhail Sergeyevich Gorbachyov ( , IPA: , commonly written as Mikhail Gorbachev; born March 2, 1931) was the last leader of the Soviet Union, serving from 1985 until its collapse in 1991. ... Aleksandr Ivanovich Herzen (Алекса́ндр Ива́нович Ге́рцен) (April 6 [O.S. 25 March] 1812 in Moscow - January 21 [O.S. 9 January] 1870 in Paris) was a major Russian pro-Western writer and thinker known as the father of Russian socialism. He is held responsible for creating a political climate leading to the emancipation... Sir Charles Antony Richard Hoare (Tony Hoare or C.A.R. Hoare, born January 11, 1934) is a British computer scientist, probably best known for the development of Quicksort, the worlds most widely used sorting algorithm, in 1960. ... Ion Iliescu (born March 3, 1930) is a Romanian politician. ... Vyacheslav Vsevolodovich Ivanov is a prominent Soviet/Russian philologist and Indo-Europeanist probably best known for his glottalic theory of Indo-European consonantism and for placing the Indo-European urheimat in the area of the Lake Urmia. ... Wassily Kandinsky Wassily Kandinsky (Russian: Василий Кандинский, first name pronounced as [vassi:li]) (December 16, 1866 [O.S. December 4] – December 13, 1944) was a Russian painter and art theorist. ... Semenov (on the right) and Kapitsa (on the left), portrait by Boris Kustodiev, 1921 Pyotr Leonidovich Kapitsa (Russian Пётр Леонидович Капица) (July 9, 1894 – April 8, 1984) was a Russian physicist who discovered superfluidity with contribution from John F. Allen and Don Misener in 1937. ... Yuri Valentinovich Knorosov (Russian: Юрий Валентинович Кнорозов; b. ... Andrey Kolmogorov Andrey Nikolaevich Kolmogorov (Андре́й Никола́евич Колмого́ров) (kahl-mah-GAW-raff) (April 25, 1903 in Tambov - October 20, 1987 in Moscow) was a Soviet mathematician who made major advances in the fields of probability theory and topology. ... Maxim Kontsevich (Russian: Максим Концевич) (born August 25, 1964) is a Russian mathematician. ... Igor The Beard Kurchatov Igor Vasilyevich Kurchatov (И́горь Васи́льевич Курча́тов) (January 8, 1903 – February 7, 1960), Soviet/Russian physicist. ... Lev Davidovich Landau Lev Davidovich Landau (Russian language: Ле́в Дави́дович Ланда́у) (January 22, 1908 – April 1, 1968) was a prominent Soviet physicist, who made fundamental contributions to many areas of theoretical physics. ... Grigory Samuilovich Landsberg (Григорий Самуилович Ландсберг) (January 10, 1890 - February 2, 1957) Russian physicist. ... Nikolai Nikolaevich Luzin (Никола́й Никола́евич Лу́зин) (December 9, 1883 - January 28, 1950), Soviet/Russian mathematician. ... Gregori Aleksandrovich Margulis (first name often given as Gregory, Grigori or Grigory) (born February 24, 1946) is a mathematician known for his far-reaching work on lattices in Lie groups, and the introduction of methods from ergodic theory into diophantine approximation. ... Sergei Petrovich Novikov (also Serguei) (Russian: Сергей Петрович Новиков) (born 20 March 1938) is a Russian mathematician, noted for work in both algebraic topology and soliton theory. ... Andrei Okounkov (Russian: Андрей Окуньков, Andrej Okunkov) (born 1969) is a mathematician who works on representation theory and its applications to algebraic geometry, mathematical physics, probability theory and special functions. ... Olga Arsenievna Oleinik (1925-2001) was a Ukrainian mathematician who conducted pioneering work on the theory of partial differential equations, and the theory of strongly inhomogeneous elastic media. ... Aleksandr Oparin Aleksandr Ivanovich Oparin (Алекса́ндр Ива́нович Опарин, March 2 (February 18 Julian) 1894 – April 21, 1980) was a Soviet biologist and biochemist, who has been acclaimed as one of the greatest authorities on the origin of life. ... Ivan G. Petrovsky. ... Andrei Sakharov, 1943 Dr. Andrei Dmitrievich Sakharov (Russian: , May 21, 1921 – December 14, 1989), was an eminent Soviet nuclear physicist, dissident and human rights activist. ... Yakov G. Sinai (1935-) is a Russian- American mathematician. ... Igor Tamm. ... Vladimir Nikolayevich Toporov (5 July 1928 - 5 December 2005) was a leading Russian philologist who presided over the Moscow-Tartu school of semiotics after Yuri Lotmans death. ... Prince Nikolai Sergeyevich Trubetzkoy (Cyrillic ; Moscow, April 15, 1890 - Vienna, June 25, 1938) was a Russian linguist whose teachings formed a nucleus of the Prague School of structural linguistics. ...


See also

The apartment building on Kotyelnicheskaya Nabyerezhnaya (Котельническая набережная) in Moscow. ... This article is about education in Russia. ... The following is a list of universities in Russia: Universities offering broad range of degrees 1724—Saint Petersburg State University 1755—Moscow State University 1804—Kazan State University 1880—Tomsk State University 1899—Far Eastern National University, successor of Oriental Institute in Vladivostok, Russia 1909—Saratov State University 1915—Rostov...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Moscow State University
  • Moscow State University
  • Moscow State University campus on Google Maps
  • MechMath faculty - Unofficial website (in Russian)
  • Journalism faculty - Unofficial website (in Russian)

  Results from FactBites:
 
Moscow State University - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (558 words)
M.V. Lomonosov Moscow State University (Russian: Московский государственный университет имени М.В.Ломоносова, often abbreviated МГУ, MSU, MGU) is the largest and arguably the oldest university in Russia, founded in 1755.
The university was established on the instigation of Ivan Shuvalov and Mikhail Lomonosov by a decree of Russian Empress Elizabeth dated January 25 (January 12 old style), 1755.
The university was renamed in 1940 in honor of its founder Mikhail Lomonosov.
Russian language courses at the Moscow Lomonosov State University - Individual and group language training (2760 words)
Moscow is the capital of Russia, centre of the Moscow region.
Moscow is located at 55.55'of northern latitude and 37.37' to the east of the Greenwich's meridian, in the centre of the East-European plain in the zone of mixed forests.
Moscow was restored as Russia's capital in 1918, and it served as the capital of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) from 1922 until 1991.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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