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Encyclopedia > Moscow Military District

The Moscow Military District is a military district of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation. Colonel General Vladimir Bakin has commanded the District since June 6, 2005. Military districts are territorial entities used for the purposes of military planning and strategizing. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Colonel General is a senior military rank which is used in some of the world’s militaries. ...

Contents

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History

In the beginning of the second half of the 19th century Russia officials realized the need for re-organization of the Russian Army to meet new circumstances. During May 1862, the War Ministry, headed by Army General Dmitry Milyutin, introduced to Tsar Alexander II of Russia proposals for the reorganization of the army, which included the formation of fifteen military districts. A tsarist edict of 6 August 1864, announced in a Defence Minister’s order on 10 August of the same year, established ten military districts, including Moscow. The District’s territory then comprised 12 provinces: Vladimir, Vologda, Kaluga, Kostroma, Moscow, Nizhniy Novgorod, Ryazan, Smolensk, Tambov, Tver, Tula, and Yaroslavl. The District was intended as a reinforcement source for troops and equipment, being some distance from the frontier, rather than an operational area. In russian, word army means armed forces in general. ... General of the Army, or less formally five-star general, is historically the second most senior rank in the United States Army. ... Count Dmitry Alekseyevich Milyutin (June 28, 1816, Moscow - January 25, 1912, Simeiz near Yalta) was Minister of War (1861-81) and the last Field Marshal of Imperial Russia (1898). ... Alexander (Aleksandr) II Nikolaevitch (Russian: Александр II Николаевич) (born April 17, 1818 in Moscow; died March 13, 1881 in St. ... August 6 is the 218th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (219th in leap years), with 147 days remaining. ... 1864 (MDCCCLXIV) was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a leap year starting on Sunday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ... Location Position of Moscow in Europe Government Country District Subdivision Russia Central Federal District Federal City Mayor Yuriy Luzhkov Geographical characteristics Area  - City 1,081 km² Population  - City (2005)    - Density 10,415,400   8537. ... Population 315,954 (2002) Time zone Moscow (MSK/MSD), UTC +0300 (MSK)/+0400 (MSD) Latitude/Longitude 56°09´N 40°25´E Vladimir (Russian: ) is a city in Russia, an administrative center of Vladimir Oblast. ... St. ... Konstantin Tsiolkovsky State Museum of the History of Cosmonautics in Kaluga, built in 1967 Kaluga (Калу́га in Russian) is a city in central Russia on the Oka River 188 km southwest of Moscow, administrative center of Kaluga Oblast. ... Kostroma (Russian: ) is a historic city in central Russia, administrative centre of the Kostroma Oblast. ... Area  - Total 260,000 mi² Population  - City (2003)  - Metropolitan 1,334,249 2 million approx. ... Ryazan (Ряза́нь) is a city in Central Russia federal district, the administrative center of the Ryazan Oblast. ... A view of Smolensk in 1912 Smolensk (Russian: ) is a city in western Russia, located on the Dnieper River at 54. ... Komunalnaya Ulitsa, Tambov Tambov (Тамбо́в) is a city in Russia, administrative center of Tambov Oblast. ... Tvers coat of arms depicts grand ducal crown placed on a throne. ... Places named Tula include: Tula, Russia Tula, in the state of Hidalgo, Mexico Tula is also the professional name of model-cum-actress Caroline Cossey. ... A public building in Yaroslavl Yaroslavl (Russian: ) is a city in Russia, the administrative center of Yaroslavl Oblast, located 250 km north-east of Moscow at . ...


The District dispatched five infantry and a cavalry division south to the Russo-Turkish War of 1877-8, as well as sending another division to the Caucasus area. This force totaled around 30,000 men and 20,000 horses. Over 80,000 men were also called into reserve units. The District also housed 21,000 Turkish prisoners of war. During the First World War over a million men were stationed in the district. Much of the garrison was involved in the October Revolution of 1917, and consequent establishment of a Soviet regime in the cities of Bryansk, Vladimir, Voronezh, Kaluga, Nizhniy Novgorod, Orel, Tver, Yaroslavl. By a resolution of the Moscow military revolutionary committee on 17 November 1917 [O.S. 4 November], N.I. Muralyov was assigned the as the new commander of the district. The Russo-Turkish War of 1877–1878 had its origins in the Russian goal of gaining access to the Mediterranean Sea and dominating Constantinople (Istanbul) and the adjacent Turkish Straits. ... The Entholinguistic patchwork of the modern Caucasus - CIA map The Caucasus, a region bordering Asia Minor, is located between the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea which includes the Caucasus Mountains and surrounding lowlands. ... Ypres, 1917, in the vicinity of the Battle of Passchendaele. ... The October Revolution, also known as the Bolshevik Revolution or November Revolution, was the second phase of the Russian Revolution of 1917, the first having been instigated by the events around the February Revolution. ... Soviet redirects here. ... Historic coat of arms of Bryansk (1781). ... Voronezh (Russian: ) is a large city in the Southwest Russia, not far from Ukraine. ... Area  - Total 260,000 mi² Population  - City (2003)  - Metropolitan 1,334,249 2 million approx. ... Orel or Oryol (Орёл) is a city in Russia, administrative center of the Oryol Oblast. ... 17 November is also the name of a Marxist group in Greece, coinciding with the anniversary of the Athens Polytechnic uprising. ... 1917 (MCMXVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar. ... In Britain and countries of the British Empire, Old Style or O.S. after a date means that the date is in the Julian calendar, in use in those countries until 1752; New Style or N.S. means that the date is in the Gregorian calendar, adopted on 14 September...


In the period of the Civil War and military intervention in Russia 1917 - 22 the District prepared military personnel for all the fronts and supplied the Red Army with different forms of armament and allowances. From June to the middle of September of 1919 the District conducted 33 callups totalling more than 500 thousand people. In Moscow the 1 Moscow rifle division, Warsaw revolutionary regiment, and 2-1 revolutionary regiment were formed, and Latvian forces were brought to the Latvian rifle division. In Voronezh two cavalry divisions were formed, two rifle divisions and two rifle regiments in Nizhniy Novgorod, and the 16th Rifle Division in Tambov. Combatants Red Army (Bolsheviks) German Empire? White Army (Monarchists, SRs, Anti-Communists) Commanders Leon Trotsky, Mikhail Tukhachevsky, Semyon Budyonny Lavr Kornilov, Alexander Kolchak, Anton Denikin, Pyotr Wrangel The Russian Civil War was fought from 1917 to 1922. ... The short forms Red Army and RKKA refer to the Workers and Peasants Red Army, (in Russian: Рабоче-Крестьянская Красная Армия - Raboche-Krestyanskaya Krasnaya Armiya), the armed forces first organized by the Bolsheviks during the Russian Civil War in 1918. ... Warsaw (Polish: , (?), in full The Capital City of Warsaw, Polish: Miasto StoÅ‚eczne Warszawa) is the capital of Poland and its largest city. ... Area  - Total 260,000 mi² Population  - City (2003)  - Metropolitan 1,334,249 2 million approx. ...


After the end of Civil War in the troops of region were demobilized, as a result of which their number was reduced from 580,000 (at the end of 1920) to 85,000 in January 1923, and the District was reorganised on a peacetime basis. Autumn manoeuvres bagan to be conducted yearly. In the beginning of the 1930 tanks started to be introduced, including the MS or T-18, T-26, T-27, BT, T-28, and the heavy T-35. In 1930 the first mechanized brigade in the Soviet Army was formed in the district. The T-18 light tank (also called MS-1, Russian: , First Small Support Vehicle) was the first Soviet-designed tank, produced in 1928–31. ... General characteristics Length: 4. ... The T-27 was a tankette developed in the 1930s by the Soviet Union. ... The Fast Tank (Russian: ), was a series of Soviet cavalry tanks which were produced in large numbers between 1932 and 1941. ... The Soviet T-28 was among the worlds first medium tanks. ... The T-35 was a Soviet multi-turreted heavy tank of the interwar period and early Second World War that saw limited production and service with the Red Army. ...


The Russian Ground Forces' official site notes that the first tactical parachute landing took place in the District on 2 August 1930. The Russian Ground Forces (Russian: Сухопутные силы России) are the land forces of Russia, formed from parts of the collapsing Soviet Army in 1992. ... August 2 is the 214th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (215th in leap years), with 151 days remaining. ...


In World War II the District formed three fronts, 23 armies, 128 divisions, and 197 brigades, an approximate total of 4.5 million men. In 1944-5 alone the District sent to the front 1,200,000 soldiers. A Front was a major military organization in the Soviet Army, roughly equivalent to an army or army group in British or American miltary terminology. ... This article or section should be merged with the Military unit section of Army The term Army, besides its general-purpose meaning (see army) specifically denotes a major military unit in militaries various countries, including the Soviet Union. ...


On 22 February 1968, for the large contribution to the cause of strengthening the defense of the state, for its' successes in combat and political training, and in view of the 50th anniversary of the Soviet Army, the District was awarded the Order of Lenin. February 22 is the 53rd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1968 (MCMLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1968 calendar). ...


In 1979 Scott and Scott reported the HQ address as being Moscow, A-252, Chapayevskiy Per., Dom 14.


The District's dispositions at the end of the 1980s were:[1]

  • 13th Guards Army Corps
    • 60th Tank Division
    • 206th Motor Rifle Division, Tambov
  • District Troops
    • 2nd Guards 'Taman' Motor Rifle Division, Kalinnets
    • 4th Guards Kantimirov Tank Division, Naro-Fominsk
    • 26th Guards Tank Training Division, Vladimir
    • 32nd Guards Motor Rifle Division, Kalinin
    • 106th Guards Airborne Division, Tula
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Komunalnaya Ulitsa, Tambov Tambov (Тамбо́в) is a city in Russia, administrative center of Tambov Oblast. ... Naro-Fominsk (Russian: ) is a town in Moscow Oblast, Russia, situated 70 km south-west from Moscow. ... Population 315,954 (2002) Time zone Moscow (MSK/MSD), UTC +0300 (MSK)/+0400 (MSD) Latitude/Longitude 56°09´N 40°25´E Vladimir (Russian: ) is a city in Russia, an administrative center of Vladimir Oblast. ... Tvers coat of arms depicts grand ducal crown placed on a throne. ... Tula (Russian: ) is an industrial city in the European part of Russia, located 165 km to the south of Moscow, on the river Upa, at . ...

The 1990s and Today

With the collapse of the USSR the District became for the first time in its history a boundary district and thus a new priority was put on building up combat forces within it, rather than the training and capital garrison focus of the Soviet period.


In the early 1990s the District received the headquarters of the First Guards Tank Army from the Group of Soviet Forces in Germany. It was relocated to Smolensk, and consisted of the 4th Guards Tank Division and 144th Motor Rifle Division. However the Army's headquarters disbanded later in the 1990s, along with the 144th MRD. The Soviet First Guards Tank Army was a Soviet armoured formation that fought as part of the Red Army on the Eastern Front during World War II. The army was commanded throughout most of the war by Mikhail Katukov. ... Group of Soviet Forces in Germany (1949--1988), also known as Group of Soviet Occupation Forces in Germany (1945--1949) and Western Group of Forces (1988-1990) were the troops of the Soviet Army in East Germany. ... A view of Smolensk in 1912 Smolensk (Russian: ) is a city in western Russia, located on the Dnieper River at 54. ...


After several years as a direct reporting formation, the Operational Group of Russian Forces in Moldova was realigned under the command of the Moscow Military District in 1998.[2] Previously the Fourteenth Army, forces and individuals from this command played a major part in the early 1990s in establishing and maintaining the trans-Dnestr separatists of the Transnistria as a viable de facto state. Motto: For the right to live on this land Anthem: Anthem of Transnistria Capital Tiraspol Largest city Tiraspol Official languages Moldovan, Russian and Ukrainian Government President Parliamentary Republic Igor Smirnov Recognition Independence Recognition From Moldova none September 2, 1990 none Area  â€¢ Water (%) 4,163 km²  1,607 sq mi 2. ...


The District has around 80-90,000 troops assigned and consists of:

  • 2nd Tamanskaya Guards Motor Rifle Division, гвардейская мотострелковая Таманская дивизия
  • 34th Guards Artillery Division, гвардейский артиллерийский дивизион
  • 27th Sevastopolskaya Guards Motor Rifle Brigade, мотострелковая бригада
  • 20th Army, 20-я армия
    • 4th Kantemirovskaya Guards Tank Division, гвардейская танковая Кантемировская дивизия
    • 10th Uralsko-Lvovskaya Guards Tank Division, гвардейская танковая Уральско-Львовская дивизия [3]
  • 22nd Army, 22-я армия
    • 3rd Vislenskaya Motor Rifle Division, мотострелковая Вислянская дивизия
  • Operational Group of Russian Forces in Moldova (Tiraspol)(formerly Fourteenth Army)
    • 8th Motor Rifle Brigade, мотострелковая бригада
  • 16th Spetsnaz Brigade, 16-я бригада спецназа
  • 16th Air Army
  • and other formations and units, plus formations of the Airborne Forces, including the 98th Guards Airborne Division and 106th Guards Airborne Division
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Guards (Russian: гвардия) or Guards units (Russian: гвардейские части) were and are elite military units in Imperial Russia, Soviet Union and Russian Federation. ... Symbol of the Polish 1st Legions Infantry Division in NATO code A division is a large military unit or formation usually consisting of around ten to fifteen thousand soldiers. ... Symbol of the Polish 1st Legions Infantry Division in NATO code A division is a large military unit or formation usually consisting of around ten to fifteen thousand soldiers. ... Guards (Russian: гвардия) or Guards units (Russian: гвардейские части) were and are elite military units in Imperial Russia, Soviet Union and Russian Federation. ... County Transnistria Status Municipality/Capital Mayor Viktor Kostyrko, since 2003 Area 85 km² Population (2005) 159 163 Geographical coordinates 46°51′ N 29°38′ E Web site http://www. ... Russian special forces showcasing their skills For the Swedish EBM band, see Spetsnaz (band). ... The 16th Red Banner Air Army (16 воздушная Краснознаменная армия) is a formation of the Russian Air Force. ... VDV flag. ...

Sources

  • Official Russian website - http://www.mil.ru/848/1045/1272/1365/1362/1890/index.shtml
  • Kommersant-Vlast, 'Vys Rossiya Armia'. http://www.kommersant.ru/k-vlast/get_page.asp?page_id=2005769-22.htm, 14 May 2002
  • IISS Military Balance
  • Harriet Fast Scott and William F Scott, The Armed Forces of the USSR, Westview Press, Boulder, Colorado, 1979.
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The International Institute for Strategic Studies is a British think tank based in London. ...

References and Notes

  1. ^ V.I. Feskov, K.A. Kalashnikov, V.I. Golikov, The Soviet Army in the Years of the Cold War 1945-91, Tomsk University Publishing House, Tomsk, 1994
  2. ^ Andrew Duncan, Russia and Ukraine: restructuring for a new era, Jane's Intelligence Review, June 1998, p.5
  3. ^ According to [1] the full name is 10 гвардейская танковая Уральско-Львовская ордена Октябрьской революции Краснознаменная орденов Суворова и Кутузова добровольческая дивизия имени Маршала Советского Союза Р. А. Малиновского

 
 

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