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Encyclopedia > Morphing
3 Frames from a morph from George W. Bush to Arnold Schwarzenegger showing the mid-point between the two extremes

Morphing is a special effect in motion pictures and animations that changes (or morphs) one image into another through a seamless transition. Most often it is used to depict one person turning into another through some magical or technological means or as part of a fantasy or surreal sequence. Traditionally such a depiction would be achieved through cross-fading techniques on film. Since the early 1990s, this has been replaced by computer software to create more realistic transitions. Image File history File links Broom_icon. ... Image File history File links Bush-Arnie-morph. ... Image File history File links Bush-Arnie-morph. ... Special effects (also called SPFX or SFX) are used in the film, television, and entertainment industry to realize scenes that cannot be achieved by live action or normal means. ... “Moving picture” redirects here. ... The bouncing ball animation (below) consists of these 6 frames. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into image (disambiguation). ...


In early feature films a morph would be achieved by cross-fading from the motion picture of one actor or object to another. Because of the limitations of this technique the actors or objects would have to stay virtually motionless in front of a background that did not change or move in the frame between the before and after shots.


Later more sophisticated cross-fading techniques were employed that faded different parts of one image to the other gradually instead of fading the entire image at once. This style of morphing was perhaps most famously employed in the video former 10cc members Kevin Godley and Lol Creme (performing as Godley & Creme) produced in 1985 for their song Cry. It consisted of a series of black and white close-up shots of faces of many different people that gradually faded from one to the next. In a strict sense, however, this had little to do with modern-day computer generated morphing effects, since it was merely a "fade-over" using fully analogue equipment. 10cc was a British pop band which achieved its greatest commercial success during the 1970s. ... Godley & Creme was a duo of English pop musicians and music video directors, Kevin Godley and Lol Creme. ... Year 1985 (MCMLXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link displays 1985 Gregorian calendar). ...


Though The Golden Child implemented very crude morphing effects from animal to human and back, the first movie to employ detailed morphing was Willow, in 1988. A similar process was used a year later in Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade to create Walter Donovan's gruesome demise. Both effects were created by Industrial Light and Magic using grid warping techniques developed by Doug Smythe. The Golden Child (1986) is an American mystical comedy film starring Eddie Murphy. ... Willow is a 1988 fantasy film directed by Ron Howard, based on a story by George Lucas. ... Year 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday (link displays 1988 Gregorian calendar). ... Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade is a 1989 adventure film directed by Steven Spielberg and starring Harrison Ford, Sean Connery, Denholm Elliott, Julian Glover, Alison Doody, River Phoenix, and John Rhys-Davies. ... Industrial Light & Magic original logo, designed by Drew Struzan Industrial Light & Magic (ILM) is a motion picture special visual effects company, founded in May 1975 by George Lucas and owned by Lucasfilm Ltd. ...


In the early-1990s computer techniques that often produced more convincing results began to be widely used. These involved distorting one image at the same time that it faded into another through marking corresponding points and vectors on the "before" and "after" images used in the morph. For example, one would morph one face into another by marking key points on the first face, such as the countour of the nose or location of an eye, and mark where these same points existed on the second face. The computer would then distort the first face to have the shape of the second face at the same time that it faded the two faces.


This technique appeared notably in 1991 in the Michael Jackson music video Black Or White and in the movies Terminator 2: Judgment Day and Star Trek VI: The Undiscovered Country. The first application for personal computers to offer morphing was Gryphon Software's Morph on the Apple Macintosh. Other early morphing systems included ImageMaster, Morph Plus and CineMorph, all of which premiered for the Commodore Amiga in 1992. Other programs became widely available within a year, and for a time the effect became common to the point of cliché. For high-end use, Avid Elastic Reality (based on Morph Plus) became the de facto system of choice, used in many hundreds of films. The technology behind Elastic Reality earned two Academy Awards in 1996 for Scientific and Technical Achievement going to Garth Dickie and Perry Kivolowitz. The effect is technically called a "spatially-warped cross-dissolve". Year 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the 1991 Gregorian calendar). ... Michael Joseph Jackson (August 29, 1958), commonly known as MJ as well as the King of Pop, is an American musician, entertainer, and pop icon whose successful career and controversial personal life have been a part of pop culture for the last three decades. ... A music video is a short film or video that accompanies a complete piece of music, most commonly a song. ... Terminator 2: Judgment Day (commonly abbreviated T2) is a 1991 movie directed by James Cameron and starring Arnold Schwarzenegger, Linda Hamilton, and Robert Patrick. ... Star Trek VI: The Undiscovered Country (Paramount Pictures, 1991; see also 1991 in film) is the sixth feature film based on the popular Star Trek science fiction television series. ... The first Macintosh computer, introduced in 1984, upgraded to a 512K Fat Mac. The Macintosh or Mac, is a line of personal computers designed, developed, manufactured, and marketed by Apple Computer. ... Amiga is the name of a range of home/personal computers using the Motorola 68000 processor family, whose development started in 1982. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Avid Elastic Reality setup with SGI Octane and Wacom graphics tablet . Avid Elastic Reality was a warping and morphing software by Avid Technology targeted at the film and television markets. ...


Morphing software continues to advance today and many programs can automatically morph images that correspond closely enough with relatively little instruction from the user. This has led to the use of morphing techniques to create convincing slow-motion effects where none existed in the original film or video footage by morphing between each individual frame (see optical flow). Morphing has also appeared as a transition technique between one scene and another in television shows, even if the contents of the two images are entirely unrelated. The software in this case attempts to find corresponding points between the images and distort one into the other as they crossfade. In effect morphing has replaced the use of crossfading as a transition in some television shows, though crossfading was originally used to produce morphing effects. Optical flow is a concept which is close to, but not identical with the motion of objects within a visual representation. ...


Morphing is used far more heavily today than ever before. In years past, effects were obvious, which led to their overuse. Now, morphing effects are most often designed to be invisible.


See also

Look up morphing in
Wiktionary, the free dictionary.

Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wiktionary (a portmanteau of wiki and dictionary) is a multilingual, Web-based project to create a free content dictionary, available in over 150 languages. ... Morph target animation (or per-vertex animation) is a method of 3D computer animation that is sometimes used in alternative to skeletal animation. ... Avid Elastic Reality setup with SGI Octane and Wacom graphics tablet . Avid Elastic Reality was a warping and morphing software by Avid Technology targeted at the film and television markets. ... An Escafil device is a fictional concept spawned in K.A. Applegates popular childrens book series Animorphs. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Morphing - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (787 words)
Morphing is a special effect in motion pictures and animations that changes (or morphs) one image into another through a seamless transition.
This style of morphing was perhaps most famously employed in the video former 10cc members Kevin Godley and Lol Creme (performing as Godley and Creme) produced in 1985 for their song Cry.
Morphing has also appeared as a transition technique between one scene and another in television shows, even if the contents of the two images are entirely unrelated.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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