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Encyclopedia > Moro National Liberation Front

The Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF) is an active Islamic movement in the Southern Philippines. The area is called by the MILF Bangsamoro and covers southern portion of Mindanao, the Sulu Archipelago, Palawan, Basilan and the neighbouring islands—around one third of the Philippines in total. Twelve million Muslims live within this area and 8 million others.   Islam? (Arabic: الإسلام al-islām) the submission to God is a monotheistic faith, one of the Abrahamic religions, and the worlds second largest religion. ... Bangsamoro is the name of the area claimed by the Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF) in the Philippines. ... Map of the Philippines showing the island groups of Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao. ... Sulu Archipelago is an island chain in the southwest Philippines. ... A Muslim (Arabic: مسلم) is an adherent of Islam. ...


Muslim agitation in the Philippines is the result of generational divisions. Many younger Muslims wanted a more modern Islamic society. The reformers were themselves split between moderates, working within the system, and militants, engaging in guerrilla-style warfare.


Radical Muslims within Moroland consider themselves to be taking part in a jihad against the Manila government, a continuation of a struggle dating back to the Spanish arrival in 1521. The government is accused of running a settlement program to bring in Christians and remove Muslims from local government posts, it has also been accused of genocide against the Moro Muslims. Jihad (jihād جهاد) is an Islamic term, from the Arabic root jhd (to exert utmost effort, to strive, struggle), which connotes a wide range of meanings: anything from an inward spiritual struggle to attain perfect faith to a political or military struggle to further the Islamic cause. ... REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES City of Manila Region: National Capital Region Province: — Dates: Founded—June 24, 1571 Cityhood—June 10, 1574 Population: 2000 census—1,581,082 Density—41,014 per km² Area: 38. ... Look up Genocide on Wiktionary, the free dictionary Genocide means mass murder of a particular ethnic group. ...


Resistance to the Philippine government was first centred around the Moro National Liberation Front (MNLF), formed in the late 1960s following the Jabidah Massacre. The group demanded the formation of a independent Moro Islamic state and took part in terrorist attacks and assassinations to promote their ideas. The central government rejected this demand and sent troops into Moroland to maintain order. The MILF was formed in 1977 when Salamat Hashim split from the MNLF which had become more moderate.


In January 1987, the MNLF accepted the government's offer of semi-autonomy. The MILF refused to accept the offer. The MILF became the largest separatist group in the Philippines. A general cessation of hostilities was signed in July 1997 but this agreement was broken in 2000 by the government of Joseph Estrada. The MILF initially declared a jihad but became more receptive, especially following claims it is linked to the Abu Sayyaf and al Qaeda. A ceasefire accord was signed with President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo. Joseph Marcelo Ejercito Estrada, widely known as Erap (born April 19, 1937) is a popular film actor in the Philippines and was the 13th President of the Philippines from June 30, 1998 to January 20, 2001. ... The Abu Sayyaf Group (ASG), or simply Abu Sayyaf, also known as Al Harakat Al Islamiyya, is a separatist group of Islamist terrorists based in and around the southern islands of the Philippines, primarily Jolo, Basilan, and Mindanao. ... Osama bin Laden Ayman al-Zawahiri Al-Qaeda (Arabic: , al-Qā‘idah; the foundation or the base) is the name given to an international Islamic fundamentalist campaign comprised of independent and collaborative cells that all profess the same cause of reducing outside influence upon Islamic affairs. ... PRESIDENT OF THE PHILIPPINES Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo (born April 5, 1947), also known by her initials GMA, is the current and 14th President of the Republic of the Philippines. ...


The MILF is believed to have 12,000 members. The group itself claimed a peak strength of almost 90,000 "well-armed" men as at 1998.


Despite peace negotiations that had appeared to be fruitful and a two year peacefire, in January 2005 MILF operatives attacked government troops in Maguindanao resulting in at least twenty-three deaths. Led by Andul Rahman Binago, one hundred MILF rebels surrounded the soldiers and were believed to have executed several wounded. The combined troops of MILF, Abu Sofia and Abu Sayyaf were involved in days of fighting which necessitated government troops using 105 howitzers to attack the rebel forces. Thousands of civilians in Maguindanao were forced to leave their homes to avoid danger. January is the first month of the year in the Gregorian Calendar and one of seven Gregorian months with the length of 31 days. ... 2005(MMV) is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Loading a WW1 British 15 in (381 mm) howitzer 155 mm M198 Howitzer A howitzer or hauwitzer is a type of field artillery. ...


The MILF denied authorizing the attack, and said they were trying to communicate with Binago. A spokesman explained that a relative of Binago had recently been killed by government troops and speculated this might have motivated his activities. The incident raised speculation that the peace negotiations might be ineffectual in bringing peace to Mindanao if the MILF is unable to control its operatives. MILF denies ties with terrorist group Jemaah Islamiyah, although Jemaah Islamiyah is believed to have provided them with training facilities in areas they control. Map of the Philippines showing the island groups of Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao. ... Look up terrorist in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Jemaah Islamiyah, sometimes rendered Jemaah Islamiah, is a militant Islamic terrorist organization, which has killed hundreds of civilians, dedicated to the establishment of a fundamentalist Islamic theocracy in Southeast Asia, in particular Indonesia, Singapore, Brunei, Malaysia, and the south of Thailand and the Philippines. ...


See also

The Moro Rebellion was the second phase of the Philippine-American War, following the so-called Philippine Insurrection phase. ... Bangsamoro is the name of the area claimed by the Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF) in the Philippines. ... ... Islamist terrorism, sometimes called Islamic terrorism, is terrorism that is carried out to further the political and religious ambitions of a segment of the Muslim community. ... The Abu Sayyaf Group (ASG), or simply Abu Sayyaf, also known as Al Harakat Al Islamiyya, is a separatist group of Islamist terrorists based in and around the southern islands of the Philippines, primarily Jolo, Basilan, and Mindanao. ...

External links

  • http://www.luwaran.com/
  • Amir Butler: The Moro Struggle for Independence
  • http://www.bangsamoro.com
  • http://www.bangsamoro.info

 
 

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