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Encyclopedia > Morihei Ueshiba
Morihei Ueshiba
(植芝 盛平 Ueshiba Morihei)

Morihei Ueshiba
Born December 14, 1883(1883-12-14)
Flag of Japan Tanabe, Wakayama, Japan
Died April 26, 1969
Flag of Japan Iwama, Ibaraki, Japan
of hepatocellular carcinoma
Martial art practiced Founder of Aikido

Morihei Ueshiba (植芝 盛平 Ueshiba Morihei, December 14, 1883April 26, 1969) was a famous martial artist and founder of the Japanese martial art of aikido. He is often referred to as Kaiso (開祖?), meaning "founder", or Ōsensei, meaning "Great Teacher", by some aikidōka. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... is the 348th day of the year (349th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1883 (MDCCCLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Japan. ... Categories: Cities in Wakayama Prefecture | Japan geography stubs ... is the 116th day of the year (117th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also: 1969 (Stargate SG-1) episode. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Japan. ... Iwama (岩間町; -machi) is a small town located in Nishiibaraki District, Ibaraki, Japan. ... Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC, also called hepatoma) is a primary malignancy (cancer) of the liver. ... Aikido ), translated as the way of harmonious spirit, is a Japanese martial art developed by Morihei Ueshiba as a synthesis of his martial studies, philosophy, and religious beliefs. ... is the 348th day of the year (349th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1883 (MDCCCLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... is the 116th day of the year (117th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also: 1969 (Stargate SG-1) episode. ... Hawaiian State Grappling Championships. ... Japanese martial arts refers to the enormous variety of martial arts native to Japan. ... Aikido ), translated as the way of harmonious spirit, is a Japanese martial art developed by Morihei Ueshiba as a synthesis of his martial studies, philosophy, and religious beliefs. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Aikido (合気道 Aikidō, also 合氣道 using an older style of kanji), literally meaning harmony energy way, or with some poetic license, way of the harmonious spirit) is a gendai budo — a modern Japanese martial art. ...

Contents

Early years

Morihei Ueshiba was born in Tanabe, Wakayama Prefecture, Japan on December 14, 1883.[1] During his childhood, the Ueshiba family lived in Maizuru, Kyoto. The only son of Yokoru and Yuki Ueshiba's five children, Morihei was raised in a somewhat privileged setting. His father was a wealthy landowner who also traded in lumber and fishing and was politically active. Ueshiba was a rather weak, sickly child and bookish in his inclinations. At a young age his father encouraged him to take up sumo wrestling and swimming and entertained him with stories of his great-grandfather Kichiemon who was considered a very strong samurai in his era. The need for such strength was further emphasized when the young Ueshiba witnessed his father being attacked by followers of a competing politician.[2] Categories: Cities in Wakayama Prefecture | Japan geography stubs ... Wakayama Prefecture ) is part of the Kii Peninsula in the Kinki region on HonshÅ« island, Japan. ... Maizuru (舞鶴市; -shi) is a city located in Kyoto, Japan, on an inlet of the Sea of Japan. ... The references in this article would be clearer with a different and/or consistent style of citation, footnoting or external linking. ...


Ueshiba is known to have studied several martial arts in his youth but he did not train extensively in most and even his training Yagyū Shingan-ryū was sporadic due to his military service in those years. Records show that he trained in Tenjin Shin'yō-ryū jujutsu under Tozawa Tokusaburō for a short period in 1901 in Tokyo; Gotō-ha Yagyū Shingan-ryū under Nakai Masakatsu from 1903 to 1908 in Sakai, and judo under Kiyoichi Takagi 1911 in Tanabe.[1] However, it was only after moving to the northern island of Hokkaidō in 1912 with his wife, as part of a settlement effort, that his martial art training took on real depth. For it was here that he began his study of Daitō-ryū aiki-jūjutsu under its reviver Takeda Sokaku.[1] He characterized his early training thus: YagyÅ« Shingan-ryÅ« ), is a traditional school (koryÅ«) of Japanese martial arts. ... Tenjin Shinyō-ryÅ« ), literally meaning Divine True Willow School, can be classified as a traditional school (koryÅ«) of jujutsu. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Tokyo ), the common English name for the Tokyo Metropolis ), is one of the 47 prefectures of Japan and, unique among the prefectures, provides certain municipal services characteristic of a city. ... Sakai may refer to: Sakai, an indigenous people of the Malay Peninsula Sakai, Osaka, a city in Japan Sakai, Fukui, a town in Japan Sakai, Nagano, a village in Japan Sakai, software project, open source educational and research software: see www. ... This article is about the martial art and sport. ... Categories: Cities in Wakayama Prefecture | Japan geography stubs ...   literally North Sea Circuit, Ainu: Mosir), formerly known as Ezo, Yezo, Yeso, or Yesso, is Japans second largest island and the largest of its 47 prefectural-level subdivisions. ... Daitō-ryÅ« Aiki-jÅ«jutsu ), originally called Daitō-ryÅ« Jujutsu ), is a Japanese martial art that first became widely known in the early 20th century under the headmastership of Takeda Sokaku. ... Sokaku Takeda (武田惣角 Takeda Sokaku, October 10, 1859 - April 25, 1943) was known as the founder of a school of jujutsu known as Daito-ryu aiki-jujutsu. ...

At about the age of 14 or 15. First I learned Tenshinyo-ryu Jiujitsu from Tokusaburo Tozawa Sensei, then Kito-ryu, Yagyu-ryu, Aioi-ryu, Shinkage-ryu, all of them jujutsu forms. However, I thought there might be a true form of budo elsewhere. I tried Hozoin-ryu sojitsu and kendo. But all of these arts are concerned with one-to-one combat forms and they could not satisfy me. So I visited many parts of the country seeking the Way and training, but all in vain. ... I went to many places seeking the true budo.Then, when I was about 30 years old, I settled in Hokkaido. On one occasion, while staying at Hisada Inn in Engaru, Kitami Province, I met a certain Sokaku Takeda Sensei of the Aizu clan. He taught Daito-ryu jujutsu. During the 30 days in which I leamed from him I felt something like an inspiration. Later, I invited this teacher to my home and together with 15 or 16 of my employees became a student seeking the essence of budo.

Did you discover aikido while you were learning Daito-ryu under Sokaku Takeda?


No. It would be more accurate to say that Takeda Sensei opened my eyes to budo.[3]

Takeda Sokaku and Daitō-ryū

Retouched photograph of Takeda Sokaku c.1888
Retouched photograph of Takeda Sokaku c.1888

The technical curriculum of aikido was undoubtedly most greatly influenced by the teachings of Takeda Sokaku and his system of aiki-jūjutsu called Daitō-ryū.[1] Although disputed by some, the ledger books of Takeda clearly show that Ueshiba spent a great deal of time training in Daitō-ryū between 1915 and 1937. He received the majority of the important scrolls awarded by Takeda at this time including the Hiden Mokuroko, the Hiden Ogi and the Goshin'yo te. Ueshiba received his kyoju dairi certificate, or teaching license, for the system from Takeda in 1922. Takeda had not yet implemented a menkyo license, or highest level of achievement license, into his system at this time. He also received a Shinkage-ryū sword transmission scroll from Takeda in 1922 in Ayabe. Ueshiba then became a representative of Daitō-ryū, toured with Takeda as a teaching assistant and taught the system to others under the Daitō-ryū name.[1] Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Kyoju Dairi is a teaching certificate employed by various Japanese koryu, or traditional martial arts. ... Shinkage-ryÅ« ) meaning new shadow school, is a traditional school (koryÅ«) of Japanese martial arts, founded by Kamiizumi Ise-no-Kami Nobutsuna (上泉 伊勢守 信綱, 1508–1578) in the mid-sixteenth century. ... Ayabe (綾部市; -shi) is a city located in Kyoto, Japan. ...


The basic techniques of aikido seem to have their basis in teachings from various points in the Daitō-ryū curriculum. A source of confusion is the different names used for these techniques in aikido and in the Daitō-ryū system. In part this is because Takeda Tokimune added much of the nomenclature after the period in which Ueshiba studied. In addition the names ikkajo, nikkajo, sankajo used in both Daitō-ryū and the early years of aikido, latter supplanted by terms such as ikkyo, nikkyo, sankyo, were really generic names translating to "first teaching", "second teaching", and so on.[4] In Daitō-ryū these usually refer to groupings of techniques while in aikido they usually refer to specific techniques and joint manipulations.


From aiki-jūjutsu to aikido

In the earlier years of his teaching, from the 1920s to the mid 1930s, Ueshiba taught the aiki-jūjutsu system he had earned a license in from Takeda Sokaku. His early students' documents bear the term aiki-jūjutsu.[5] Indeed, Ueshiba trained one of the future highest grade earners in Daitō-ryū, Takuma Hisa, in the art before Takeda took charge of Hisa's training.[6]


The early form of training under Ueshiba was characterized by the ample use of strikes to vital points (atemi), a larger total curriculum, a greater use of weapons, and a more linear approach to technique than would be found in later forms of aikido. These methods are preserved in the teachings of his early students Kenji Tomiki (who founded the Shodokan Aikido sometimes called Tomiki-ryū), Noriaki Inoue (who founded Shin'ei Taido), Minoru Mochizuki (who founded Yoseikan Budo), Gozo Shioda (who founded Yoshinkan Aikido) and Morihiro Saito (who preserved his early form of aikido under the Aikikai umbrella sometimes referred to as Iwama-ryū). Many of these styles are considered "pre-war styles", although some of the teachers continued to have contact and influence from Ueshiba in the years after the Second World War. In Japanese martial arts, atemi ) designate blows to the body, as opposed to twisting of joints , strangleholds, holding technique and throws. ... Kenji Tomiki (1900–1979) is a Japanese aikido teacher and the founder of aikido style Shodokan, often referred to as Tomiki Aikido. ... Tomiki Aikido is the style of Aikido founded by Professor Kenji Tomiki (富木謙治). It is sometimes referred to as Sport Aikido due to the fact that it is the only style of Aikido to hold regular competitions. ... Noriaki Inoue (b. ... Minoru Mochizuki (April 7, 1907 in Shizuoka, Japan - May 30, 2003 in Aix-en-Provence, France) founded Yoseikan Budo. ... Yoseikan Budo is a comprehensive Japanese martial art founded by Master Minoru Mochizuki in 1931 and improved by his son, Hiroo Mochizuki. ... Gozo Shioda (塩田剛三) (September 9, 1915 - July 17, 1994), is a Japanese aikido teacher and the founder of Yoshinkan style of aikido. ... Aikido Yoshinkan (養神館, Yōshinkan, lit. ... The Saito Family mon Morihiro Saito (斎藤守弘) (March 31, 1928 - May 13, 2002) was an aikido teacher with many students around the world. ... Mushroom cloud from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki rising 18 km into the air. ...


Later, as Ueshiba seemed to slowly grow away from Takeda, he began to implement more changes into the art. These changes are reflected in the differing names with which he referred to his art, first as aiki-jūjutsu,[5] then Ueshiba-ryū,[7] Asahi-ryū,[8] aiki budō,[9] and finally aikido.[10]


As Ueshiba grew older, more skilled, and more spiritual in his outlook, his art also changed and became softer and more circular. Striking techniques became less important and the formal curriculum became simpler. In his own expression of the art there was a greater emphasis on what is referred to as kokyū-nage, or "breath throws" which are soft and blending, utilizing the opponent's movement in order to throw them. Many of these techniques are rooted in the aiki-no-jutsu portions of the Daitō-ryū curriculum rather than the more direct jujutsu style joint-locking techniques.


Onisaburo Deguchi's spiritual influence

After Ueshiba left Hokkaidō he came under the influence of Onisaburo Deguchi, the spiritual leader of the Ōmoto-kyō religion in Ayabe. In addition to the effect on his spiritual growth, this connection was to have a major effect in introducing Ueshiba to various elite political circles as a martial artist. The Ueshiba Dojo in Ayabe was used to train members of the Ōmoto-kyō sect. He was involved in the first Ōmoto-kyō Incident, an ill-fated attempt to found a utopian colony in Mongolia.[1] Although Ueshiba eventually distanced himself from both these teachers, their affect on him and his art can not be overstated. Onisaburo Deguchi (1871-1948) was one of the chief figures of the Omoto religious movement in Japan. ... Oomoto (大本, literally foundation), also known as Omoto-kyo (大本教) or similar Omoto, is a Japanese religion, often categorized as a new Japanese religion and offshoot of Shinto. ... Ayabe (綾部市; -shi) is a city located in Kyoto, Japan. ...


The real birth of Aikido came as the result of three instances of spiritual awakening that Ueshiba experienced. The first happened in 1925, after Ueshiba had defeated a naval officer's bokken (wooden katana) attacks unarmed and without hurting the officer. Ueshiba then walked to his garden and had a spiritual awakening. A pair of bokken A bokken (, bok(u), wood, and ken, sword), is a wooden Japanese sword used for training, usually the size and shape of a katana, but sometimes shaped like other swords. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ...

Onisaburo Deguchi
Onisaburo Deguchi
...I felt the universe suddenly quake, and that a golden spirit sprang up from the ground, veiled my body, and changed my body into a golden one. At the same time my body became light. I was able to understand the whispering of the birds, and was clearly aware of the mind of god, the creator of the universe.

At that moment I was enlightened: the source of budo is god's love - the spirit of loving protection for all beings... Budo is not the felling of an opponent by force; nor is it a tool to lead the world to destruction with arms. True Budo is to accept the spirit of the universe, keep the peace of the world, correctly produce, protect and cultivate all beings in nature.[11] Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ...

His second experience occurred in 1940 when,

"Around 2am as I was performing misogi, I suddenly forgot all the martial techniques I had ever learned. The techniques of my teachers appeared completely new. Now they were vehicles for the cultivation of life, knowledge, and virtue, not devices to throw people with."[citation needed] Misogi is a Shinto practice involving purification in a waterfall or other natural running water. ...

His third experience was in 1942 during the worst fighting of WWII, Ueshiba had a vision of the "Great Spirit of Peace".[citation needed]

"The Way of the Warrior has been misunderstood. It is not a means to kill and destroy others. Those who seek to compete and better one another are making a terrible mistake. To smash, injure, or destroy is the worst thing a human being can do. The real Way of a Warrior is to prevent such slaughter - it is the Art of Peace, the power of love."[citation needed]

In 1927, Ueshiba moved to Tokyo where he founded his first dojo, which still exists today under the name Aikikai Hombu Dojo. Between 1940 and 1942 he made several visits to Manchukuo (Japanese occupied Manchuria) to instruct his martial art. In 1942 he left Tokyo and moved to Iwama in the Ibaraki Prefecture where the term "aikido" was first used as a name for his art. Here he founded the Aiki Shuren Dojo, also known as the Iwama dojo. During all this time he traveled extensively in Japan, particularly in the Kansai region teaching his aikido. Tokyo ), the common English name for the Tokyo Metropolis ), is one of the 47 prefectures of Japan and, unique among the prefectures, provides certain municipal services characteristic of a city. ... A dojo ) is a Japanese term which literally means place of the Way. Initially, Dojo were adjunct to temples. ... Aikikai Hombu Dojo Aikikai Hombu Dojo (合気会 本部道場) is the headquarters of the Aikikai which is an umbrella organisation of various national, as well as smaller, aikido organisations. ... Flag Anthem National Anthem of Manchukuo Map of Manchukuo Capital Hsinking Government Constitutional monarchy Emperor  - 1932 - 1934 Datong (Chief Executive) (Aisingioro Puyi)  - 1934 - 1945 Kangde-Emperor (Aisingioro Puyi) Prime Minister  - 1932 - 1935 Zheng Xiaoxu  - 1935 - 1945 Zhang Jinghui Historical era World War II  - Established 1932  - Disestablished 1945 Manchukuo (1932–1945... Tokyo ), the common English name for the Tokyo Metropolis ), is one of the 47 prefectures of Japan and, unique among the prefectures, provides certain municipal services characteristic of a city. ... Rice fields at Iwama Ofudosama purification cascade Main Street of Iwama Iwama is a small village located at 100 km North East of Tokyo, near the town of Mito, in the prefecture of Ibaraki. ... Ibaraki Prefecture ) is located in the Kantō region on HonshÅ« island, Japan. ... Iwama dojo is a small practice hall, where the founder of Aikido, Morihei Ueshiba, lived since the 1940s until his death in 1969. ... Iwama dojo is a small practice hall, where the founder of Aikido, Morihei Ueshiba, lived since the 1940s until his death in 1969. ... The Kansai (Japanese: 関西) region of Japan, also known as the Kinki region (近畿地方, Kinki-chihō), lies in the Southern-Central region of Japans main island, Honshu. ...


Morihei Ueshiba died on April 26, 1969.


Legacy

Ueshiba is remembered by his pupils as a master of the martial arts whose studies transcended technical matters to include a moral and philosophical view of the world based around harmony in the face of aggression. The many branches of aikido in existence today virtually all trace their lineage back to him.


Many stories exist about Ueshiba's martial skill. It is said for example that he was able to escape a tight ring of students that surrounded him with swords and attacked simultaneously.[citation needed] Many of these students would later say they had not even seen him go by them. Another story is that he was able to knock someone off their feet with the force of his kiai.[citation needed] Kiai is a compound of ki meaning mind, will, turn-of-mind, spirit. ...


There is debate in the aikido world over some of these sensational stories; some dismiss them as myth generated around a genuinely brilliant but human martial artist, whereas others believe that Morihei Ueshiba truly achieved such feats.


To this day, Ōmoto-kyō priests oversee a ceremony in Ueshiba's honor every April 29th at the Aiki Shrine in Iwama. In the early 1960s, Aikido founder Morihei Ueshiba erected the Aiki Shrine in Iwama, Ibaragi Prefecture. ...


Ueshiba also had many uchideshi, or live-in students, many who have grown into great teachers in their own right. There are roughly four generations of uchideshi. A partial list follows:[12][13] Uchi-deshi (内弟子) is a Japanese term for a live-in student who trains under and assists a sensei, or master, on a full-time basis. ...

First (pre-war) generation
(c.1921–c.1935)
Second (war) generation
(c.1936–c.1945)
Third (post-war) generation
(c.1946–c.1955)
Fourth (and last) generation
(c.1956–c.1969)
  • Zenzaburo Akazawa (born 1920) since 1933
  • Masahiro Hashimoto (born 1910) since 1931
  • Takuma Hisa (1895–1980) since 1934
  • Noriaki Inoue (1902–1994) since c.1921, nephew of Morihei Ueshiba
  • Ikkusai Iwata (born 1909) since 1930, 9th dan Aikikai
  • Hisao Kamada (1911–1986) since 1929
  • Minoru Mochizuki (1907–2003) since 1930, 10th dan (received from the International Martial Arts Federation)
  • Aritoshi Murashige (1895–1964) since 1931
  • Gozo Shioda (1915–1994) since 1932, founder of the Yoshinkan Aikido
  • Rinjiro Shirata (1912–1993) since 1933, 9th dan
  • Isamu Takeshita (1869–1949) since c.1925
  • Kenji Tomiki (1900–1979) since 1926, was the first 8th dan awarded in aikido in 1942.
  • Shigemi Yonekawa (1910–2005) since 1933
  • Tsutomu Yukawa (1911–1942) since 1931
  • Tadashi Abe (1926–1984) since 1942, 6th dan
  • Minoru Hirai (1903–1998) since 1939, founder of the Korindo style.
  • Kisaburo Osawa (1911–1991) since 1941, 9th dan
  • Kanshū Sunadomari (born 1923) since 1942, 9th dan
  • Bansen Tanaka (1912–1988) since 1936, 9th dan
  • Saburo Tenryū (1903–1989) since 1939, he was a famous sumo wrestler
  • Koichi Tohei (born 1920) since 1939, only 10th dan awarded by Ueshiba and approved by Aikikai

Zenzaburo Akazawa (b. ... Takuma Hisa (b. ... Noriaki Inoue (b. ... The Aikikai Foundation ) is the original organisation for the Japanese martial art aikido, officially recognized by the Japanese government in 1940. ... Minoru Mochizuki (April 7, 1907 in Shizuoka, Japan - May 30, 2003 in Aix-en-Provence, France) founded Yoseikan Budo. ... Gozo Shioda (塩田剛三) (September 9, 1915 - July 17, 1994), is a Japanese aikido teacher and the founder of Yoshinkan style of aikido. ... Aikido Yoshinkan (養神館, Yōshinkan, lit. ... Isamu Takeshita (b. ... Kenji Tomiki (1900–1979) is a Japanese aikido teacher and the founder of aikido style Shodokan, often referred to as Tomiki Aikido. ... Tadashi Abe (1926 - November 23, 1984) was the first aikido master to live and teach in the west. ... Minoru Hirai (b. ... Korindo Aikido founder Minoru Hirai Korindo Aikido is a style of Japanese martial arts. ... Kisaburo Osawa (b. ... Kanshū Sunadomari (砂泊カン秀) was born in 1923 in Kagoshima Prefecture, Japan. ... Bansen Tanaka (b. ... The references in this article would be clearer with a different and/or consistent style of citation, footnoting or external linking. ... Koichi Tohei (藤平光一) (born January 1920) is a 10th Dan aikidoka and founder of the Ki Society and its style of aikido, officially known as Shin-Shin Toitsu Aikido - aikido with mind and body unified, but commonly known as Ki-Aikido. ... Seiseki Abe (b. ... Sadateru Arikawa (有川定輝 Arikawa Sadateru, January 20, 1930 - October 11, 2003). ... Michio Hikitsuchi (1923 - February 2, 2004), 10th dan in aikido, was the founder of the Kumano Juku Dojo, in Shingu, Wakayama Prefecture, Japan. ... Yasuo Kobayashi (b. ... Mutsuro Nakazono (born in 1918 in the Kagoshima prefecture) is an Acupuncturist, an Oriental medicine practitioner and an aikido teacher with a strong judo background. ... Shoji Nishio in Århus, Denmark 1984 Shoji Nishio (December 5, 1927 - March 15, 2005), a noted aikidoka, was born in Aomori Prefecture of Japan in 1927. ... Masamichi Noro (born in 1935 is a Japanese aikido master established in France. ... Kinomichi, calligraphy by Masamichi Noro Kinomichi 氣之道 is a Martial art (budo 武道 in Japanese ), founded by Masamichi Noro 野呂昌道 in Paris, France, in 1979. ... The Saito Family mon Morihiro Saito (斎藤守弘) (March 31, 1928 - May 13, 2002) was an aikido teacher with many students around the world. ... Saotome-Sensei teaching at the 2003 Summer Camp in the Rockies Mitsugi Saotome Shihan (born 1937) is a Japanese aikido teacher currently living in the United States. ... Hiroshi Tada (born in December 13, 1929, Tokyo, Japan) is a 9th dan Aikikai Japanese aikido master who has taught at the Aikikai Hombu Dojo for many years. ... Nobuyoshi Tamura was born on March 2, 1933 in Osaka, Japan. ... Seigo Yamaguchi (April 13, 1924 - January 24, 1996) was a Japanese aikido teacher holding the rank of 8th dan Aikikai. ... Kazuo Chiba (born 1940) is an aikido teacher from Japan who has spent a considerable part of his teaching career in the United States. ... Terry Dobson Sensei (1937-1992) was an American aikido pioneer, aikido teacher and writer. ... Seishiro Endo (b. ... Born in Akita Prefecture in 1950. ... Nippon Kan, independent aikido dojo founded by Gaku Homma in 1978 at Denver, Colorado. ... Shiuzo Imaizumi, founder of the aikido style Shin Budo Kai, first joined Koichi Tohei after he broke away from Aikikai and created the Ki Society (Ki no Kenkyukai), came to New York and created the New York Ki Society, left the Ki Society in 1987 and created Shin Budo Kai... Mitsunari Kanai (1938-2004), was an aikido teacher born in Japan, who spent most part of his teaching career in the US. He was an 8th dan teacher with the title shihan in the organisation Aikikai. ... This article or section contains information that has not been verified and thus might not be reliable. ... Koretoshi Maruyama (b. ... Shuji Maruyama is the founder and president of Kokikai Aikido International, also known as Kokikai Aikido External links Official Kokikai Aikido International website - USA Categories: Martial arts stubs | Aikido ... Seijuro Masuda (b. ... Robert Nadeau (born ) is a seventh degree black belt in aikido. ... Kenji Shimizu (清水 健二 Shimizu Kenji) is an aikido teacher and founder of the aikido style Tendoryu. ... Roy Yukio Suenaka (born 1940-06-25) is an American martial arts instructor, teaching aikido and karate, and is the founder of the American International Ki Development and Philosophical Society (AIKDPS). ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Morito Suganuma (b. ... Akira Tohei (July 2, 1929 - 1999), was an 8th dan Aikikai Japanese aikido master. ... Takeji Tomita Sensei began practising Aikido at University in 1961. ... Yoshimitsu Yamada, a direct student of O Sensei for more than ten years, is an 8th dan and the chief instructor at the New York Aikikai. ...

Personal traits

Morihei Ueshiba regularly practiced cold water misogi, as well as other spiritual and religious rites. He viewed his studies of aikido in this light. Misogi is a Shinto practice involving purification in a waterfall or other natural running water. ...


As a young man, Ueshiba was renowned for his incredible physical strength. He would later lose much of this muscle, which some believe changed the way he performed aikido technique.


Ueshiba was said to be a simple but wise man, and a gifted farmer. In his later years, he was regarded as very kind and gentle as a rule, but there are also stories of terrifying scoldings delivered to his students. For instance, he once thoroughly chastised students for practicing (short staff) strikes on trees without first covering them in protective padding. Another time, as students snuck back into the dojo after a night of drinking and brawling, he smashed the first one through the door over the head with a bokken, and proceeded to scold them. A jō (杖:じょう) is an approximately four-foot (1. ... A dojo ) is a Japanese term which literally means place of the Way. Initially, Dojo were adjunct to temples. ... A pair of bokken A bokken (, bok(u), wood, and ken, sword), is a wooden Japanese sword used for training, usually the size and shape of a katana, but sometimes shaped like other swords. ...

Preceded by
(none)
Dōshu of Aikikai
1940April 26, 1969
Succeeded by
Kisshomaru Ueshiba
Preceded by
(none)
Dōjōcho of Iwama Dōjō
1942 – ?
Succeeded by
Morihiro Saitō

Doshu (道主) is a hereditary title (literally Master of the Way) denoting the head of the Aikikai and the figurehead of aikido. ... The Aikikai Foundation ) is the original organisation for the Japanese martial art aikido, officially recognized by the Japanese government in 1940. ... Year 1940 (MCMXL) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full 1940 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 116th day of the year (117th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also: 1969 (Stargate SG-1) episode. ... Kisshomaru Ueshiba (植芝 吉祥丸 Ueshiba Kisshomaru) (June 27, 1921-January 4, 1999) was the third son of Morihei Ueshiba, the founder of Aikido. ... Dōjōchō (道場長) is the title for the head of a Japanese martial arts training hall, or Dōjō (道場). Dōjōchō is not always the chief instructor or highest ranked person, but reflects an administrative or ownership role. ... Iwama dojo is a small practice hall, where the founder of Aikido, Morihei Ueshiba, lived since the 1940s until his death in 1969. ... Year 1942 (MCMXLII) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link will display the full 1942 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Saito Family mon Morihiro Saito (斎藤守弘) (March 31, 1928 - May 13, 2002) was an aikido teacher with many students around the world. ...

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f Pranin, Stanley (2006). "Ueshiba, Morihei". Encyclopedia of Aikido.  
  2. ^ Stevens, John.Aikido; the Way of Harmony. Shambhala Publications, Boston, 1984.
  3. ^ Pranin, Stanley (2006) "Interview with Kisshomaru and Morihei Ueshiba" Aikidojournal.com
  4. ^ Pranin, Stanley (2006). "Ikkyo". Encyclopedia of Aikido.  
  5. ^ a b Pranin, Stanley (2006). "Aikijujutsu". Encyclopedia of Aikido.  
  6. ^ Pranin, Stanley (2006). "Hisa Takuma". Encyclopedia of Aikido.  
  7. ^ Pranin, Stanley (2006). "Ueshiba-ryu". Encyclopedia of Aikido.  
  8. ^ Pranin, Stanley (2006)"Sokaku Takeda in Osaka" Aikidojournal.com
  9. ^ Pranin, Stanley (2006). "Aiki Budo". Encyclopedia of Aikido.  
  10. ^ Pranin, Stanley (2006). "Aikido". Encyclopedia of Aikido.  
  11. ^ Ueshiba, Kisshomaru. Aikido Hozansha Publications, Tokyo, 1985.
  12. ^ Aikido Journal Encyclopedia
  13. ^ List of Deshi

Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays full 2006 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays full 2006 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays full 2006 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays full 2006 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays full 2006 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays full 2006 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays full 2006 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to:
Persondata
NAME Ueshiba, Morihei
ALTERNATIVE NAMES Ōsensei; Kaiso
SHORT DESCRIPTION Founder of Aikido
DATE OF BIRTH 14 December 1883
PLACE OF BIRTH Tanabe, Wakayama, Japan
DATE OF DEATH 26 April 1969
PLACE OF DEATH Iwama, Ibaraki, Japan
This article had its historical references verified
On: 26 Aug 2007
by
WP Timeline Tracer


  Results from FactBites:
 
Morihei Ueshiba (1475 words)
The founder of Aikido, Morihei Ueshiba, was born on December 14, 1883, to a farming family in an area of the Wakayama Prefecture now known as Tanabe.
Morihei became stronger and finally realized the necessity of being strong after his father was attacked and beaten by a gang of thugs hired by a rival politician.
Ueshiba the soldier spent most of the war years in the harsh climate of northern Manchuria and, by the end of the war, his health had deteriorated considerably.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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